33 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2018
    1. If you or anyone you know has AIDS and haven’t been treated for it please visit this website on here it has a number for you to call.  

      I think its pretty neat that you included resources for medical aid on your final analysis page. Maybe consider adding similar hotlines.

  2. Mar 2018
    1. The Voyager Golden Record was never really intended for human consumption.

      Just like Ball says in the article "What Are Multimodal Projects when he states "the aural mode provides multiple ways of communicating and understanding a message", through the use of aural techniques we communicate emotions and beliefs through sound alone. This will transpire regardless of whether this newfound civilization understands the content and the same could be said for other mammal.

    2. exhumed

      The past tense of the verb exhume. To uncover earth or to excavate an area.

    3. The lack of a vinyl version, even in the days of digital, seemed like a missed opportunity.

      One could say that by transferring the content of the tape, onto a vinyl, that this confines the content to only the limitations of a record and that with digital media, there is greater versatility to communicate the message as an aural mode.

    4. “It was absolutely sublime,” Pescovitz said. “The quality was like nothing we’d ever heard.” Sound engineers then transferred the audio on the tapes to digital files.Here’s an excerpt of the remastered audio:

      After hearing a sample of the Voyager Golden Record I feel that it may be arguable whether this audio utilizes a spatial mode in tangent with an aural and linguistic mode. Could it not be said that the arrangement, presentation and structure of the audio gives the audio different connotations as well.

    5. “Yes, the Voyager record is a gift from humanity to the cosmos, but it’s also a gift to humanity,” he said. “It’s a manifestation of what we can accomplish through creativity, passion, and science. It instills a sense of hope and possibility in people.”

      Would making free listenings of this content free while proceeding to charge for the possession of the record further immortalize this piece ?

    6. Pescovitz and his collaborators called Sony about them, and an archivist eventually found the tapes sitting in an underground, climate-controlled warehouse in western Pennsylvania.

      The lengths gone to preserve the Voyager Golden Record iterates just exactly how important this record is.

    7. “When you’re seven years old and you hear that there’s a group of people who are creating a phonograph record that’s actually a message to extraterrestrials and attaching it to two space probes and launching it into the solar system and beyond—it sparks the imagination,” Pescovitz said. “That stuck with me.”

      As a prominent item that bears aural and linguistic qualities and that was meant to be distributed across the cosmos, that was most likely the first of its kind, this item strikes a chord within even the youth of this age. It expands upon previous limitations of humankind shines down onto the uncertain future. I for one, feel this instant to be a very momentous one in the history of civilization.

    8. Forty years later, the Golden Record is now on vinyl, and can be ordered online for $98.

      Has this artifact lost its value forty years later, in a era where record players are only kept in novelty?

    9. Even Carl Sagan, who led the record’s production, couldn’t get a copy.

      Is the exclusivity of the Voyager Golden Record supposed to preserve its value or is it because by prohibiting one of the creator's from the possession of the creation, they are continuing to keep this artifact classified?

    10. The target audience for the contents—popular songs, sounds from nature, photographs, spoken greetings in dozens of human languages and one whale language—was, and still is, an alien civilization capable of deciphering the instructions on the cover to learn about one small world in the universe.

      Through the sheer use of sound, the Voyager Golden Record attempts to fulfill its role as a aural mode and it may perhaps have been created in a manner that allowed the sound waves to trigger a deep psychological state or resonate deeply within its intended audience.

    1. Other texts, such as video interviews on the Recovery.gov Web site, combine all five modes, including the aural.

      Do the usage of videos always signify the use of all five modes or are some videos simply display several multi modal modes? Do all videos that display gestures utilize gestural modes or must the actions be obviously meaningful and intentional ?

    2. Academic essays, biology posters, statistical PowerPolnt presenta-tions, lolcats ... what do all of these texts have in common? They are all multimodal.

      The supplemental reading I decided to read along with this reading is "Forty Years Later, the Golden Record Goes Vinyl" written by Marina Koren. Delving into the article and establishing the connection evident between them and establishing the Golden Record as a multimodal device became an interesting task.

  3. Feb 2018
    1. . This is developed through the concept of objectification, which is central to many studies of material culture—albeit differently conceived dependent upon the disciplinary and theoretical stance taken—which explores the intertwined, and often dialectic, relationships between people and things.

      Material culture is more than just the interactions of the people associated with that culture and deploys various concepts to determine the behavior the people conveyed.

    2. Although material culture studies cross many disciplines, there are still theories, methods, and perspectives that are firmly located within particular disciplines.

      Some aspects of material culture transcend boundaries while others are limited to the scope of their field.

    3. There is also a concern with how objects “move” between domains and different value systems as the practices and meanings surrounding physically changing objects themselves change.

      Is it possible for the significance that these objects may hold to ultimately change over a period of time or are they resolved to stay stagnant ?

    4. Within this field, empirical research explores specific genres of material culture, such as food or clothing, and empirical and theoretical work extends this to consider categories of objects, such as gifts and commodities, as situated within wider systems of exchange.

      Can these different types of objects present different interpretations or are these objects set in stone in the matter they reveal cultural notions ?

    5. contestation

      The act of arguing or debating.

    6. Understandings of material culture have been central to anthropology since its inception; during the late 19th and early 20th century anthropologists primarily collected material culture (Kroeber, Boas) that was displayed in museums in Europe and North America

      Items discovered by Anthropologist could possibly bring forth how they lived, died, or how their society functioned for instance when Anthropologists unearth ancient tools such as spearheads.

    7. Material Culture by

      I am examining this text in conjunction with Haltman's "Introduction to American Artifacts". I chose this text because of the fact that its rationale is similar to Haltman's. Haltman's rationale, that artifacts and items and other physical elements all bear a certain cultural meaning to them and that through a structured process, one can grasp the aspects associated with that item.

    8. nstead, culture and society are seen as being created and reproduced by the ways in which people make, design, and interact with objects. It also challenges the assumption, perpetuated by disciplinary divisions and also philosophical trajectories, that the object and subject are separate, wherein the latter is assumed to be immaterial, and the former is assumed to be inert and passive.

      Sophie Woodman establishes her stance that this preconceived notion is nothing but false. Artifacts and objects alike can have a multitude of meanings and underlying cultural aspects that exist within that object. Haltman himself though has vouched that the process of recognizing these aspects take repetitious action and a thorough game plan.

  4. Jan 2018
    1. The find, together with another scraped ochre stone, found nearby, also described in the paper, add to a growing understanding of the lives and culture of the hunter-gatherers who spent time on the shores of the ancient lake.

      Haltman applies the same logic agreeing that items pertaining to material culture can give a deeper understanding into how people of that culture behaved and what they hold as their values. Perhaps further studying of this ancient crayon can give insight as to how the Mesolithic people interacted as well as how their society operated daily.

    1. Essays in Material Culture

      The text I have decided to examine in conjunction with this one is the article "Material Culture" by Sophie Woodward. I chose this text because of the fact that its rationale is similar to Haltman's.

    2. Themethodasthusconfiguredworksbecauseitworks

      The process may seem arduous, yet it has always shown its effectiveness.

    3. Meaninglieshiddeninthematicfigurations,instructuralandfunctionalmetaphors,inpolaritiessuchasthoseschematizedbyPrown,citedabove-hidden,buteasilydiscernible,ifonlywegotothetroubleofmakingthemout

      Explanations of possible queries will most likely seem hidden away but with the right to detail you can force these concepts out.

    4. Onewaywerespondtowhatweseeinorexperienceofanobjectamountstointellectualdetectivework.

      When it comes to material culture, a incredible amount of thought and knowledge is required and also the ability to recognize key details.

    5. Carefuldeductionbuysatleasttheopportunitytoconsiderafullerrangeofpossibilities

      When collecting ideas from examinations of artifacts it may be best to not make bold presumptions or nonsensical statements.

    6. Whileonlysomeofculturetakesmaterialform,thepartthatdoesrecordstheshapeandimprintofotherwisemoreabstract,conceptual,orevenmetaphysicalaspectsofthatculturethattheyquiteliterallyembody.ThesearetheobjectsweashistoriansinthefieldofMaterialCultureseektounderstand.

      The article written by Sophie Woodman addresses material culture in a similar light, that objects pertaining to a certain culture are likely to represent a demographic wholly.

    7. Speakingofpictures,forwhichwemightSubstituteobjects,MichaelBaxandallhasnoted:“Wedonotexplainpictures:weexplainremarksaboutpictures-orrather,weexplainpicturesonlyinsofaraswehaveconsideredthemundersomeverbaldescriptionorspecification

      Images are not to be presented solely by what they depict but, instead based on reflections and thoughts of that image.

    8. Thekeytogooddescriptionisarich,nuancedvocabulary.Technicallyaccuratelanguage(nominative,forthemostpart)playsanimportantroleinthis,butultimatelynotthemostimportantrolewhichisreserved,perhapssomewhatcounter-intuitively,todescriptivemodifiers(adjectives)and,mostcrucially,totermsexpressiveofthedynamicsofinterrelation(verbs,adverbs,prepositions).Onlyactiveverbsanddescriptiveprosecastinanactivevoiceservetoestablishcauseandagency.Asameanstothisend,avoidingtheverbtobe(inallitsforms:is,are,thereis,thereare)willhelptomakevisiblethematically-chargedspatialandfunctionalcomplexitiesotherwiseflattenedorobscured.JosephKoerner,inarguing,hereagaininthecaseofvisualimages,thatsuchdescriptionoffers“thebestaccess”toexperiencinganobjectwithimmediacy,notesthatevocativedescriptioncan“register”thewayanobject“functionsforoneparticularobserver.Ratherthansayingwhatavisualimagemeans,descriptiontellsushouranimagehasopeneditselfuptoaninterpretation.”Aswithimages,sotoowithobjectswhichconstitute,accordingtoPrown,thebroadercategoryintowhichvisualimagesfa

      Haltman seemigly implies that an improper description may fully distort the meaning attached to an object.

    9. smooth/roughshiny/dullhot/coldsoft/hardlight/darktransparent/opaqueup/downin/outstability/instabilityforward/backwardvertical/horizontalstraight/curvedorcrookedlight/heavythin/thickclean/dirty

      With practice and concentration, those who study cultures will be able to deduce notions and behavior based on the physical characteristics of the object.

    10. objectsthemselvesbutgainanalyticholdandopenuponinterpretationonlythroughvigorousattention

      Just as Sophie claims, Haltman as well says that only after full contemplation shall those studying objects and physical aspects be able to grasp a true understanding. Observers must go beyond just looking.

    11. pedagogic

      What is the meaning of "pedagogic" ?