47 Matching Annotations
  1. Dec 2015
    1. Adonis of Denver—joy to the memory of his innumerable lays of girls in empty lots & diner backyards, moviehouses’ rickety rows, on mountaintops in caves or with gaunt waitresses in familiar roadside lonely petticoat upliftings & especially secret gas-station solipsisms of johns, & hometown alleys too,

      Adonis is also a greek myth figure who was lusted over by the goddesses Persephone and Aphrodite. This could be a reverse reference of the basic instinct of human nature which is the desire for food and sex. So this character is mindlessly having all these relations.

    2. he one eyed shrew of the heterosexual dollar the one eyed shrew that winks out of the womb and the one eyed shrew that does nothing but sit on her ass and snip the intellectual golden threads of the craftsman’s loom,

      using a reference to the three blind witches of fate also called "The Grarae" from greek mythology. The golden thread is an individual human life literally hanging on a thread.

  2. Oct 2015
    1. Showed him bawdy houses An’ cabarets, Slim thought of New Orleans An’ Memphis days.

      This refers to Slim suggesting that the South has similar characteristics as Hell from what he could remember during his living days in Tennessee and Louisiana.

    2. Till at last he hit A hangar wid de sign readin’ DIS IS IT.

      Usually the gates of hell in most stories including Dante's inferno has the saying above the gates of hell "Abandon hope all ye who enter here" but i guess "Dis is it" works too.

    3. An’ some jokers keeps deir laughs a-goin’ in de crowded aisles, An’ some folks sits dere waitin’ wid deir aches an’ miseries, Till Ma comes out before dem, a-smilin’ gold-toofed smiles An’ Long Boy ripples minors on de black an’ yellow keys. III

      This brings the feeling of one community, where some feel their troubles overwhelming their existence but through music, through blues and Ma Rainey they are able to use the rhythm and the beat to bring some satisfaction in life and not feel so depressed.

    4. They made your women breeders, They swelled your numbers with bastards. . . . They taught you the religion they disgraced.

      This reminds me of W.E.B Dubois and his mentioning of women slaves being taken advantaged of in "On the Souls of Black Folk." There is also his idea of white blood tainting black blood by creating these bastards of slavery.

    1. He did a lazy sway . . . He did a lazy sway . . .

      Representing the tempo and pace of the music. Dragging the sound makes it better in is perspective

    2. They’ll see how beautiful I am And be ashamed—

      See past the race and color and dwell more into the personality and what makes the person

    3. darker brother.

      Darker brother could refer to the unliked person in the family, in this case, the darker brother is someone who people stash away from public

    1. Phlebas the Phoenician, a fortnight dead, Forgot the cry of gulls, and the deep seas swell And the profit and loss.                           A current under sea  315 Picked his bones in whispers. As he rose and fell He passed the stages of his age and youth Entering the whirlpool.

      In the first part of the wasteland, Phlebes is given a fortunetelling by Madam Sosostris where she draws “the drowned Phoenician soldier.” In the fourth part of the awakening, the prediction comes true as a current takes Phlebes. The symbolic meaning for water usually is seen as an element of purification and healing. In this instance though, the water has “picked his bones in whispers” and becomes this overwhelming force that takes his life’s energy piece by piece. It drains and tears apart his body piece by piece. The water has become his fear, the fear of death. Water, a usual symbol for restoration has an alternative significance as well where an excessive amount could be damaging instead of restorative. The water is also supposed to be this symbolism of purity. This could be a representation of Phlebes having his own soul purified since there was a prediction of his specific death. In death, his soul or life could have redemption or it could simply mean nothing and becomes a pointless and careless death. ![Image Description] (http://41.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m6humwmDm71rs2gnoo1_1280.jpg) "He passed the stages of his age and youth Entering the whirlpool." This is an interesting line since it could be interpreted many ways. For instance, there could be the idea that his life is being drained but so is his youth. So he is literally aging in the sea and growing weak. The River of Styx comes to mind since this could be a transfer from Earth to the Underworld. His forgetting what the crying of gulls and the other passing of the world could also mean that this "river" or this sea is passing time a quick rate for Phlebes physically and mentally

    1. And so the word white comes to be unconsciously a symbol of all virtues. It holds for the children beauty, morality, and money.

      In most symbolic aspects of poems or stories, white is seen as a sign of purity so in life it could be easily set in their minds that being white was a virtue.

    2. for no great poet has ever been afraid of being himself

      poets are people who have the desire to speak their mine and not be afraid of the publics opinion but to simply put their poems out there. If a black man writes he feels he needs to censor certain details and aspects of the poem knowing he is receiving extreme prejudice

    3. “I want to write like a white poet”; meaning subconsciously, “I would like to be a white poet”; meaning behind that, “I would like to be white.”

      Double consciousness appears to deeply affect the speaker and his opinions between both races. It is upsetting to see that self hatred towards one's race but reality kicks in as well for which society had the best advantages.

    1. O City city, I can sometimes hear Beside a public bar in Lower Thames Street, The pleasant whining of a mandoline And a clatter and a chatter from within Where fishmen lounge at noon: where the walls Of Magnus Martyr hold Inexplicable splendour of Ionian white and gold.
    2. And walked among the lowest of the dead
    3. desert

      Place away from society where it is possible to be lost

    4. Where the dead men lost their bones

      The dead men that are undead "Zombies" The lost bones are possibly scattered away from the dead men hence "fragments"

    5. Unreal City,

      What is considered an unreal city? Is it something to be seen as a beautiful display or a place of a repulsive nature?

    6. Madame Sosostris, famous clairvoyante, Had a bad cold

      Does this show the vulnerability or fraud of her clairvoyance because she could not see he own lines rising and prevent it?

    7. dried tubers

      Are these dried tubers usually meant to rejuvenate the supposed dull roots?

    1. Jack Rose Jack Rose.

      a famous drink that was popular in the 1920s to 1930s

    2. Henry Henry Henry. All the time.

      She could be referring to her husband and how she is always looking out for his needs all the time and there isn't one moment where she isn't doing something for him.

    3. “Sacred Emily” (1922)

      This poem could be a representation of the mind process and the constant change of the responsibilities, random thoughts that come in and out of the mind

  3. Sep 2015
    1. her great ungainly hips and flopping breasts addressed to cheap jewelry and rich young men with fine eyes

      Since this was taking place in the early 1920's could the poet be describing the change in women's fashion with being more free-spirited and liberated and his disagreement with the new changes

    2. adjust

      If the society they used to have was controlled, who controlled it? the people? Now that it is out of control and set for either a spiral path of destruction and temptation for desires or it could also be the opposite path and be enlightening to let things go, who would be the person to stabilize the society? At what point should someone take control?

    3. The pure products of America

      He could be referring to the purist of people being tainted with certain sins like lust and other forms of temptation as to create a form of anarchy and unrestraint against peoples desires

    1. Petals on a wet, black bough.

      Image Description

    2. The apparition of these faces in the crowd;

      the crowd is a blur? there are so many that they are unrecognizable and simply gray or in this case black / not at all interesting.

    1. The only other sound’s the sweep Of easy wind and downy flake.

      is this showing an isolation moment where the speaker and the horse in a separation period away from the village and society with only the company of the sark woods and the harsh cold wind?

    2. But I have promises to keep,

      Is it possible that the promises he meant to keep is with his "little horse" since he thinks it is "queer" for them to be in area that is not the farmhouse and desperately wants to get there?

    3. Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow.

      What is so appealing to the speaker about these woods and the owner of them that would make him stop in the cold dark snowy woods to take a moment and reflect on this strange area?

    4. Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim,

      Aren't both paths in most stories appealing and similar? Yet as the person progresses through the path their is always either a shorter and quite easy passing or their is the extreme harsh and difficult obstacle that most choose, not entirely on purpose

    5. I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference.

      Is frost realizing that the he was meant or had a purpose to chose a certain path that was already made for him and yet decides to abandon or rather deny the path that was chosen for him in order to experience something no one else has?

    6. Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both

      Is this an indication that Frost himself has only two choices in life to choose from and there is a conflict blocking him from trying to experience both perspectives that is the dividing road?

    1. Tilbury Town

      This is a reflection of Robinson's hometown in Maine and possibly Mr. Flood to Robinson.

    2. Then, as a mother lays her sleeping child Down tenderly, fearing it may awake, He sat the jug down slowly at his feet With trembling care, knowing that most things break;

      since everything else has died and gone from his life, like any person alone feeling the need to numb the pain, he considers his only friends to be himself and the drink with nothing else to rely on.

    3. Where friends of other days had honored him, A phantom salutation of the dead

      An indication that most likely his friends have all gone or died and this is a remembrance, "a phantom salutation of the dead," as he sees the town of all the memories and time he spent with them. This show how alone he feels

    1. Then she said that the paper stained everything it touched, that she had found yellow smooches on all my clothes and John’s, and she wished we would be more careful!

      Its possible that she has been cramped up in that room so long that she only can vision that yellow design everywhere including the smudges on clothes, like when a flash hits the eye and remains, and desperately needs to escape.

    2. But John says if I feel so, I shall neglect proper self-control; so I take pains to control myself—before him, at least, and that makes me very tired.

      this reminds me of a term called "angel in the house" when i studied british literature and how in this time period women were supposed to have been this angelic example to the husbands as a sign of comfort as he exits the business world back into the domestic sphere.

    3. He said I was his darling and his comfort and all he had, and that I must take care of myself for his sake, and keep well.

      just another example of the "angel in the house" term and how she needs to get better solely for his benefit and not her own

    1. The red stain of bastardy, which two centuries of systematic legal defilement of Negro women had stamped upon his race, meant not only the loss of ancient African chastity, but also the hereditary weight of a mass of corruption from white adulterers, threatening almost the obliteration of the Negro home.

      There was a saying in those times that if a white individual had 1% of african american blood in them they were considered tainted depending on the status of the mother. If the mother is slave, baby will be slave. Dubois perspective goes an opposite way, it is the white man that tainted the blood of african americans by that 1% "the red stun of bastardy" after years and years of raping african american female slaves.

    2. To him, so far as he thought and dreamed, slavery was indeed the sum of all villainies, the cause of all sorrow, the root of all prejudice; Emancipation was the key to a promised land of sweeter beauty than ever stretched before the eyes of wearied Israelites.

      The freedom given by their emancipation still has strings attached that continues to prejudice the race of the black man and making him doubt himself into double consciousness.

    3. double-consciousness

      This term is a representation of the self-consciousness of one's own race based on the ideals of the others. This in a way promotion of shame for being born a certain race. It can even create a inner hatred to someone's own race because of the opinions and ideals of another.

  4. Aug 2015
    1. the candor of tar

      Candor is someone capable of being completely open and honest while also showing in the context of this poem a sense of purity and cleanliness while tar is this black pit of darkness. Since Levine had written these poems to reflect on the Detroit riots, the whiteness of candor and the darkness of tar could have reverse roles in the imagery of good and bad, in this case white is bad and dark is good.