15 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2016
    1. As an influential landscape designer of early campuses, Fredrick Law Olmstead worked with the philosophy that the

      I found a link to explain how landscape design can change the behavior of urban students vs traditional schools.


    2. Fredrick Law Olmstead

      An American architect known for building well-known parks in America. For Example;Central Park in New York


    3. Morrill Act of 1862

      Also known as Land-Grant College Act of 1862

    4. Many university founders desired to create an ideal community that was a place apart, secluded from city distraction but still open to the larger community, enabling their students and faculty to devote unlimited time and attention for classical or divinity learning, personal growth, and free intellectual inquiry

      Georgia State University is so far from that. I wish GSU was secluded and away from the city life and crime and maybe a lot of people would be able to focus and stay on track.

    5. Furthermore, increased technology use within today’s multitasking society is likely to hijack a student’s attentional resource placing her/him at risk of underachieving academic learning goals and undermining success at a university

      I completely disagree with this. I feel that technology has improved students learning. We get do research without having to go to the library, interact with our professors easier and had done away with some textbooks and easier organization. For Example All my classes are based on technology. From the class discussions, to homework and even quizzes.

    6. Today’s university

      The intended audience of this article is today's universities landscapers, students, educators/professors of education.

  2. Aug 2016
    1. Another common version of this phenomenon is one of the most obvious forms of architectural exclusion: the walls, gates, and guardhouses of gated communities.106

      I understand why there are gated communities and walls because they don't want any trespassers of any kind not just for people of color. But the whole no transportation to get to those places is what unfair and shows how racism still exists.

    2. through actions by their residents, their police forces, or their local elected officials—have created infrastructure and designed their built environs to restrict passage through and access to certain areas of the community.

      These people who create infrastructure and environments to keep certain people out are afraid of change. They are afraid to become diverse. What's so wrong with change?

    3. Regulation through architecture is just as powerful as law, but it is less explicit, less identifiable, and less familiar to courts, legislators, and the general public.

      I have never even thought about architecture affecting where I go but as I'm reading I'm amazed and I want to do something about it.

    4. Why have the Court, judges, and lawmakers—the entities usually tasked with crafting and enforcing antidiscrimination law—failed to find fault with these sorts of physical acts of exclusion? The most straightforward reason is that it is difficult to show the necessary intent to discriminate, especially in situations involving land use and the built environment

      They could be just like Moses a racist supremacist who doesn't care about people of color or they want people of color to be stuck in these societal bubble that they have people of color in.

    5. municipalities

      noun a city or town that has local government.

    6. Decisions about infrastructure shape more than just the physical city; those decisions also influence the way that residents and visitors experience the city.17

      I believe this to be true. If a person has never seen the bright side of the city or the good in the city they can only tell someone how awful it is.

    7. Wealthy communities have declined to be served by public transit so as to make it difficult for individuals from poorer areas to access their neighborhoods.

      This shows the discrimination between the socioeconomic classes. Wealthy people thinking that they have this superiority over the middle class and poor class.

    8. Walls, fences, and highways separate historically white neighborhoods from historically black ones.

      This shows how Jim crow laws were enforced. They believed that it was okay to be "separate but equal".

    9. The built environment is characterized by man-made physical features that make it difficult for certain individuals—often poor people and people of color—to access certain places.

      This reading intended audience is people who are not of color and not aware of racial discrimination in architect.