21 Matching Annotations
  1. Feb 2024
    1. The Dhammapada: The Buddha’s Path of Wisdom

      The Pairs (page 23)

      Terms: Mind definition according to the APA Dictionary of Psychology: “n. broadly, all intellectual and psychological phenomena of an organism, encompassing motivational, affective, behavioral, perceptual, and cognitive systems; that is, the organized totality of an organism's mental and psychic processes and the structural and functional cognitive components on which they depend.a” Mind definition according to dictionary.com: “(in a human or other conscious being) the element, part, substance, or process that reasons, thinks, feels, wills, perceives, judges, etc.” Mental states definition according to wikipedia: “a state of mind of a person. Mental states comprise a diverse class, including perception, pain/pleasure experience, belief, desire, intention, emotion, and memory” Right definition: following the rules Wrong: breaking the rules. Doing what is prohibit “Social norms are basically unwritten rules of conduct that are acceptable to a culture” as stated by study.com. Culture definition: culture consists of the values, beliefs, systems of language, communication, and practices that people share in common and that can be used to define them as a collective. Impure mind and pure mind definition according to https://theconsciousleap.com/: The one associated with the thought of desire is impure, while that which is without desire is pure. Pure mind definition (): “full of love, full of compassion, full of sympathetic joy, full of equanimity” Hate (Wikipedia): Hate is an intense feeling, an emotional response of revulsion towards someone or something that causes the desire to reject or eliminate that which generates disgust; that is, a feeling of deep antipathy, disgust, aversion, enmity or repulsion towards a person, thing, idea, or phenomenon. As well as the desire to avoid, limit or destroy its target. Mara: the Tempter in Buddhism, represented in the scriptures as an evil-minded deity who tries to lead people from the path to liberation. The commentaries explain Mara as the lord of evil forces, as mental defilements and as death. The impurities (asubha): subjects of meditation which focus on the inherent repulsiveness of the body, recommended especially as powerful antidotes to lust. Impurities in Buddhism (Wikipedia): unskillful factors such as greed, hatred, deceit, stubbornness and lack of moral concern. While the term "obstacle" refers to five trouble spots, "contamination" is often used without a defined list, but rather to refer to any function of the mind that is directed by unskillful factors. Moral: concerned with the principles of right and wrong behavior and the goodness or badness of human character. Morality: Morality is the belief that some behavior is right and acceptable and that other behavior is wrong. 5 core Buddhist beliefs: abstain from killing living beings, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying and intoxication

      Main ideas:

      The mind determines mental states corresponding to specific situations. Speaking and acting with a pure mind are correlated with happiness. Living with hatred prevents people from doing the most important things in their lives. Therefore, people who realize this, settle their hatred. The lack of immoral practices, being

      The Mind (page 28)


      Discerning definition (Oxford Languages): having or showing good judgment Judgment definition (Oxford Languages): the ability to make considered decisions or come to sensible conclusions. Sensible definition (Oxford Languages): (of a statement or course of action) chosen in accordance with wisdom or prudence; likely to be of benefit. Wisdom definition (Oxford Languages): the quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgment; the quality of being wise. Prudence (Oxford Languages) the quality of being prudent; cautiousness. Prudent definition (Oxford languages): acting with or showing care and thought for the future.

      Main ideas:

      We should strive to have a pure mind to obtain happiness rather than making nonbeneficial decisions because of the temptations of short-term pleasures which cost long-term unhappiness. The book “The Dhammapada” wants people to believe (have faith) that its teachings are true statements that have to be followed to achieve wisdom (the quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgment [come up to correct conclusions]) A well-directed mind is the key to achieve the greater good

      The Fool (page 33)


      Fool definition: [person] Who insists on one's own mistakes or clings to wrong ideas or positions, thereby demonstrating little intelligence.

      Main Ideas:

      We should get away from people who demonstrate little ability to make beneficial decisions or to come up to conclusions that align with the truth by sticking to wrong ideas or positions. One can lack knowledge but be wise by lacking wrong assumptions.

      The wise man (page 35)

      Main idea:

      Follow the man who points out and reproves faults. Believe that being instructed by the admonish of this man will help you avoid wrong. Associate with good people and avoid associating with evil companions. A virtuous man doesn’t do activities that decrease or block long-term happiness, nor do wrong (immoral activities) A wise man is happy and maintains good judgment in all situations/doesn’t hate or do sexual activities. Those whose minds have reached full excellence in the factors of enlightenment

      The Thousands (page 37)

      Terms: the Dhamma is founded solidly upon the bedrock of the Buddha’s 7 own clear comprehension of reality, and it leads the one who practices it to that same understanding – the knowledge which extricates the roots of suffering. Noble: Who acts in good faith, without any malice or double intention.

      Main idea

      Obeing the Dhamma by restrain all the desires is the key to be happy (have peace of mind) in any situation. Self-control is the best achievement, the achievement that will give us true piece of mind.

      The Evil (page 39)


      Main ideas:

      Do what the good even if you don’t see immediate rewards and avoid doing bad even if you see immediate rewards because you will be rewarded for doing good even after death and you will be punished for doing wrong things even after death.

      The Self (page 47)


      Main ideas:

      Let one not neglect one’s own welfare for the sake of another, however great. Clearly under standing one’s own welfare, let one be intent upon the good. ddd

      To avoid all evil, to cultivate good, and to cleanse one’s mind – this is the teaching of the Buddhas.

  2. Jan 2024
    1. In the paragraph located at the end of the page #140 and at the beginning of the page #141, Plato mentions the term "real man." How does Plato defines the word "man"? How does Plato defines "real man"?

      Plato mentions the concept of justice repeatedly since the paragraph #7 of the page #140. How do you think Plato defines the word "justice"?

    1. What Socrates meant when he said "the truth is nothing other than the shadows of those artifacts," on the 3rd paragraph of the 2nd page? Does the truth that Socrates mentions in the excerpt means that the prisoners believe that the voices of people talking are produced by the shadows of the statues?

      Socrates uses the word "divine" in the paragraph #9 of the page #3, and in the paragraph #4 of the page #7. What does the word divine means according to Socrates?

      Socrates says "Whether it's true or not, only the god knows" on the paragraph #3 of the page #4. How does Socrates define the word God? Does Socrates assume that God exist? Does Socrates know if God exist? Did Socrates said "Whether it's true or not, only the god knows" because he assume that God exist? Is God omniscient according to Socrates' definition of the word "God"?

      In the paragraph #3 of the page #4, Socrates mentions the word "soul." How does Socrates define the word "soul"? Does Socrates know that the Soul exist? If the answer is yes, how did Socrates verified the existence of the soul, and how Socrates know that that method is reliable?

      In the paragraph #7, of the page #4, Socrates mentions the word "justice." How does Socrates define the word "justice"?

      In the paragraph # 8 of the page # 5, Socrates says "Education takes for granted that sight is there but that it isn't turned the right way or looking where it ought to look, and it tries to redirect it appropriately." Did Socrates conclude that education help us to know the cause of the phenomena that we notice by directing are observations into the cuases of those fenomena?

  3. Nov 2023
    1. authorship.

      The article Copyright basics (2023) by United States Patent and Trademark Office discusses the copyright basics. The article Copyright basics starts saying that copyright is an intellectual property that protects the original creative works (e.g. book, painting, video, sculpture, etc...).

    2. STOPfakes.gov

      Finally, the article introduces STOPfakes.gov, a website that provides U.S. government tools and resources that helps owners to protect and impose their intellectual rights.

    3. U.S. Copyright Office

      Then, the article introduces the United States Copyright Office, a website that allows apply copyrights to their creative work, enforce their intellectual property rights, and helpt the goverment to improve their copyright policies. Then, provides 3 links to sources that teaches to register for copyrights and explain their benefits.

    4. foreign countries.

      Then the article mentions that the U.S. have not only have domestic policies to protect creative works but also have international agreements that that set minimum copyright protection. These agreements ensure that U.S. creators protect their creative work from foreigners.

    5. This overarching goal is stated in the U.S. Constitution, Article I section 8, clause 8, “The Congress shall have Power ... To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.”

      Then, the article quote the U.S. Constitution, Article I section 8, clause 8, and then explains that, in the 18th century, this constitutional law gave the congress the power to grant exclusive rights to authors and inventors for their work, in order to boost creativity and innovation in the USA (U.S. Const., 1787). Later, the article claims that in the 1975, the U.S. Constitution, Article I section 8, clause 8 keep having the purpose of fostering innovation and creativity in the society, throughout economic incentive. Subsequently, the article supports this statement by quoting the law "Twentieth Century Music Corp. v. Aiken," which was created in 1975 with the purpose of boosting creativity and innovation in society throughout the economic incentive of assuring that creators receive a payment for their intellectual property that equates to the cost of producing it.

    6. In order to understand the importance of copyright and how to protect it, it is important to examine the basics of copyright law: what it is, what it protects, and how to secure it. The primary purpose behind copyright law is to foster the creation and dissemination of works for the benefit of the public. By granting authors the exclusive right to authorize certain uses of their works, copyright provides economic incentives to create new works and to make them available in the marketplace.

      Copyrights not only protect creator's intellectual property, but also increase the number of creations of creative works that satisfice the public's needs or wants, and foster new works by assuring intellectual properties are not used without the owner's permission.

    7. audience.

      Then, the article mentions that, in this century, people have much more chances to share their intellectual property around the world with the cost of having a compromised copyright with less ability to protect their intellectual property. These days is the time in history that more demands owners of intellectual properties to defends their intellectual properties by their own, and the time in history when intellectual properties' owners can distribute their work world wide more easily than ever.

  4. Oct 2023
    1. doesn't

      Despites surpassing some ex[ectations for its price, Pixel Watch is not the best sold smartwatch.

    2. Fitbit software wrapped in a more attractive, Google-designed package.

      Pixel Watch's most distinctive feature is its Fitbit technology and elegant design.

    3. But for the wearable to really stand out, Google should take a page from its Pixel phone playbook.

      Pixel Watch should have at least the basic features that customers expect from any smartwatch to have.

    4. This may be satisfactory if you plan on charging your watch overnight, but it makes it difficult to regularly track sleep.

      Pixel Watch 2 should have a battery that long enough to regularly track sleep easily, since this feature is highly demanding and other companies' smartwatches have this features.

    5. Fitbit Sense 2

      A Pixel Watch 2 with the same Pixel Watch price should have at least all the Fitbit features that Fitbit Sense 2 has.

    6. Google Assistant to surface contextual information in new ways. Hopefully we'll see more of that in the future as Google deepens its artificial intelligence push.

      Pixel Watch 2 can be helped to be a hit if Google improve Pixel Watch's Google assistant ability to show information in context throughout the development of its artificial intelligence.

    7. competition

      Apple's smartwatches are and will continue being the strongest rival of Google's smartwatches in the area of Fitbit, which is the main focus of Google's smartwatches, because. Apple's innovations in its Fitbit technologies.

    8. The case will likely be the same for the Pixel Watch.

      However, the fact that Google took years to design Pixel phones that have distinctive or exclusive and useful or desirable features suggest that Google will also take years to do the same with Pixel Watch.

    9. It's these features combined with the Pixel's great camera that make it stand out.

      Since Pixel phones' strategies of having distinctive or exclusive and useful or desirable features helped them to be a hit, then Pixel Watch should try the same strategy because it works.