75 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2018
    1. These fan videos include sampling clips from movies or television shows, creating movies within video games, using flash animation (or stop motion animation, claymation, etc.), roping friends and family into participating in a live-action video, and so on, all set to a favourite song or used

      It isn't exactly like they are talking about, but this reminds me of when my Spanish teacher allowed us to create music videos and songs based on the topic we were learning about in class.

    2. Popular song + movie editing

      this makes me thing of a lot of vines and movie scenes

    3. Music and music video remixes (e.g., Danger Mouse’s “Grey Album” and the Grey video

      Grey Album=The Beatles "White Album" and Jay-Z's "Black Album"

    4. recording a series of anime cartoons and then video-editing them in synchrony with a popular music track; mixing “found” images with original images in order to express a theme or idea

      Young people use videos and music to express a feeling

    5. to use images and sound and vide

      gifs and memes

    6. It involves mixing digital images, texts, sounds and animation; in short, all manner of found artefacts. Young people are picking this up on a massive scale and it is becoming increasingly central to their practices of making meaning and expressing ideas.

      I think we see this on twitter and other forms of social media. We take a phrase or picture and create new memes and pictures.

    7. no remix, no culture.

      remix shows culture

    8. More specifically Lessig refers to a practice of creative writing within the school curriculum in parts of North America whereby students read texts by multiple authors, take bits from each of them, and put them together in a single text.

      I remember doing things like this in school. We would study different authors can take elements of their work and remix it into our own work

    9. History shows us, for example, that remix isn’t specific to digital times but has always been a part of any society’s cultural development (see, for examp

      Remix has a long history

    10. Lessig (2005) says that every single act of reading and choosing and criticizing and praising culture is in this sense remix, and it is through this general practice that cultures get made.

      I never thought of the fact that talking about a book or movie with someone is a form of remix

    11. By “remix” we mean the practice of taking cultural artefacts and combining and manipulating them into a new kind of creative blend.

      This means taking many different ideas and mixing them together to create one product.

  2. Oct 2018
    1. How can innovative teachers use Instagram?

      I follow many educators on Instagram. I find it really cool to be able to see real teachers at work from all over the world. All of these teachers have amazing content and ideas to contribute and it is really awesome to see them collaborate, offer advice, and open up genuine dialogue about education on their pages.

    2. That reluctance is understandable, but it is important for effective 21st century teachers to be adaptable, especially in our ever-evolving educational landscape.

      I agree with this. Teacher's must keep up with the times. I believe this because new technologies have the power to help us become better educators and our students better learners.

    3. IG combines the categorize-by-hashtag system used by Twitter with the image-driven nature of Pinterest to create a place where educators can come to network, share and discover new ideas, and interact with each other on a more personal level.

      I think this is why many teachers are drawn to instagram.

    4. You can find many teachers with these qualities on social media platforms like Twitter and Pinterest, which are popular online communities that innovative educators use to build a personal learning network, share ideas, discover new technologies, and find inspiration.

      The high school that i want to was very pro-social media and pro-twitter. The principal followed us all on twitter. He stayed connected with us and was easily accessible if we had any issues.

    1. We uploaded a pre-publication draft of the column to allow for review, remix, and commentary.

      This article is great. Randall Johnson reminds me of many educators who are using social media, blogs, and YouTube to share openly online. Many teachers have instagrams that they use to share their ideas, thoughts, content, experiences with education.

    2. Open learning, also known as open education, can be defined as a set of practices, resources, and scholarship that are openly accessible, free to use and access, and to re-purpose.

      Open learning definition

    1. Typically, Wikipedia is simply used for information. Reverse this and use Wikipedia to make critical evaluation skills the primary focus. Select an entry for any topic being studied in the classroom. For homework, have students find one claim made at the site that is contested by others online and bring the disputed information as well as the sources to class. Have students share their disputed facts and sources and discuss critical evalua-tion strategies that could be used to help resolve the conflict. This conver-sation will teach many new online research and comprehension strategies to your students

      This is a cool idea. I think it would be really useful in teaching students about the use of wikipedia.

    2. Starfall (www.starfall.com) is an exceptional resource for children that supports the development of early offline reading skills within an online context. Starfall is free, a gift from the CEO of Blue Mountain Greeting Cards, who is dyslexic, to honor all the teachers of reading who helped him on his journey. It includes delightful activities that teach CCSS foun-dational skills in reading: letter-name knowledge, phonemic awareness, phonics, and sight word recognition. It also develops both early compre-hension and advanced comprehension skills.

      I've never heard of this! I will have to check it out!

    3. Many students do not read search engine results; they simply click and look their way down each list of search results, reviewing each web page, often skipping right past a use-ful resource (Leu, Forzani, & Kennedy, 2013).

      I agree with this. I find google scholar very useful to for educational purposes.

    4. 348PERSPECTIVES ON SPECIAL ISSUESThe UnitedStatesIn the United States, the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Initia-tive (2012) establishes more uniform standards across states to prepare students for college and careers in the 21st century. One of the key design principles in the CCSS, research and media skills, focuses on the integra-tion of online research and comprehension skills within the classroom such as locating, evaluating, synthesizing, and communicating:To be ready for college, workforce training, and life in a technologi-cal society, students need the ability to gather, comprehend, evaluate, synthesize, and report on information and ideas, to conduct original research in order to answer questions or solve problems, and to analyze and create a high volume and extensive range of print and nonprint texts in media forms old and new. The need to conduct research and to produce and consume media is embedded into every aspect of today’s curriculum. (CCSS, n.d., p.4)Three changes are especially noticeable in the English language arts standards of CCSS:1.There is a greater focus on reading informational texts.2.Higher-level thinking is emphasized.3.Digital literacies are integrated throughout the English language arts standards.

      I remember the schools I went to focusing on this a lot. I think that it has helped me tremendously in higher education.

    5. 1.The Internet is this generation’s defining technology for literacy and learning within our global community.2.The Internet and related technologies require new literacies to fully access their potential.3.New literacies are deictic; they rapidly change.4.New literacies are multiple, multimodal, and multifaceted, and, as a result, our understanding of them benefits from multiple points of view.5.Critical literacies are central to new literacies.6.New forms of strategic knowledge are required with new litera-cies.7.New social practices are a central element of new literacies.8.Teachers become more important, though their role changes, within new literacy classrooms. (p.

      Findings of New literacies theory

    6. However, this does not nec-essarily mean they are skilled in the effective use of online information, perhaps the most important aspect of the Internet. Studies show that stu-dents lack critical evaluation skills when reading online (Bennet, Maton, & Kervin, 2008; Forzani & Maykel, 2013; Graham & Metaxas, 2003) and that they are not especially skilled with reading to locate information

      YES. I 110% agree with this. Our generation & younger generations seem to lack the critical evaluation skills needed to read the internet. I don't understand why some people lack this skill, however? Are we just too comfortable with trusting the internet?

    7. Finally, each online tool regularly is updated; each time this happens new affordances appear, requiring addi-tional skills and strategies.

      This reminds me of my grandma. Every time her iPhone updates, she gets freaked out because what she knew, was all changed and in different places. I feel that children and teens, have the skills to problem solve and figure out the update, where many older people do not.

    8. We live during a time in which new technologies continuously appear online, requiring additional skills to effectively read, write, and learn, sometimes on a daily basis.

      I completely agree. At some times, its hard to keep up. I think that kids today are constantly exposed to new forms of technology and have to develop new skills to effectively read and write on the internet all the time.

    1. ffective learning is lifelong and integrated into the real world of work, civic engagement, and social participation.

      Effective learning is lifelong and helps learners be able to function in society.

    2. She finds it to be a community of support-ive friends who have high writing standards and creativity.

      This community holds her to a high standard of writing.

    3. Digital and net-worked media offer new ways of expanding the reach and accessibility of connected learning so it is not just privileged youth who have these opportunities.

      It is important that other children, not just privileged youth to get the opportunity to experience connected learning. I want to learn about how to make this possible.

    4. she jumped at the chance to connect with others who shared her interest.

      I love how enthusiastic she gets about connecting with other people that share her interest.

    1. Connected learning is realized when a young person is able to pursue a personal interest or passion with the support of friends and caring adults, and is in turn able to link this learning and interest to academic achievement, career success or civic engagement.

      This is a perfect definition of connected learning!

    1. Click [here] to learn more about connected learning in teaching practice.

      Here is where they talk about how teaching practices you can use for connected learning.

    2. earners need to feel a sense of belonging and be able to make meaningful contributions to a community in order to experience connected learning.

      learners need to feel a sense of belonging and feel like they are able to make meaningful contributions to the community.

    3. Through collaborative production, friendly competition, civic action, and joint research, youth and adults make things, have fun, learn, and make a difference together.

      I like the part of "make things, have fun, learn, and make a difference together". Some children may not be able to achieve connected learning without the guidance of an adult. It is important for teachers, parents and mentors to help students learn about communities they can become engaged in based on their interests.

    4. Youth who participated at YOUmedia saw clear results. Feeling emotionally and physically safe and a sense of belonging Becoming more involved in the chosen interests they brought to YOUmedia Improving in at least one digital media skill Improving academic skills: better communication with adults and improved writing ability Understanding more about opportunities available to them after high school

      this is so important. I think that often children in low income areas like inner-city Chicago don't feel that they have a place to be free and express themselves. Creating things like YOUmedia is important to at-risk kids.

    5. The Digital Youth Network provided in- and out-of-school connected learning experiences to low-income students in Chicago.

      I want to read more about this study.

    6. A survey of 30,000 college graduates found that a strong connection to a faculty member doubled the positive life outcomes of graduates.

      I think it is really important to connect with professors and teachers in order for you to succeed in the class.

    7. Learning is motivating when it grows out of personal interest. A growing body of research indicates that interest helps us pay attention, make connections, persist and engage in deeper learning. For example, when reading about games they enjoy playing, teenage boys read at a much higher level than their reading level in school.

      It is so interesting that when students are given the opportunity to chose what they want to read or learn about, that they preform at a higher level. One of my favorite projects in high school was for my problem and stats class. It had to do with frequency and statistics. We got to conduct research on something that we had interest in. I love golf, so I chose to do my project on the correlation of birdies made at the Masters to finishing position. I had so much fun doing it, even though I hated math.

    8. The research is clear: Learning is irresistible and life-changing when it connects personal interests to meaningful relationships and real-world opportunity.

      I really like the idea of connected learning. Linking children's interests to what they are learning is a great tool. I feel like if you give children freedom to explore what they want but somehow prompt them into achieving what you, as the teacher want, the learning process will be great and exciting.

  3. Sep 2018
    1. Less than 20% of students constructed “Mastery” responses, or responses that questioned the source of the post or the source of the photo. On the other hand, nearly 40% of students argued that the post provided strong evidence because it presented pictorial evidence about conditions near the power plant.

      This is shocking. We need to teach children how to look at things they find online critically. The fact that 40 percent of students argued it was strong enough evidence to show the conditions near the power plant is concerning. These students thought that just because there was picture evidence that it was true.

    2. Our sites for field-testing included under-resourced, inner-city schools in Los Angeles and well-resourced schools in suburbs outside of Minneapolis. Our college assessments, which focused on open web searches, were administered online at six different universities that ranged from Stanford, an institution that rejects 94% of its applicants, to large state universities that admit the majority of students who apply. In what follows, we provide an overview of what we lear

      The differences in the places they tested is a good thing. They tested inner-city schools that are under-resourced, schools in the suburbs that were well resourced and different colleges from Stanford to large state institutions. This shows that many students from completely different backgrounds have the problem of evaluating validity.

    3. only nine percent of high school students in an Advanced Placement history course were able to see through MinimumWage.com’s language to determine that it was a front group for a D.C. lobbyist, or as Salon’s headline put it, “Industry PR

      I remember having to do this in my AP history course when preparing for the AP exam. Some kids in my class didn't seem to understand why the article or charts would be biased.

    4. would hope that middle school students could distinguish an ad from a news story. By high school, we would hope that students reading about gun laws would notice that a chart came from a gun owners’ political action committee. And, in 2016, we would hope college students, who spend hours each day online, would look beyond a .org URL and ask who’s behind a site that presents only one side of a contentious issue.

      Students today often lack this ability which is concerning. I remember having to do work in class that would give us pictures of charts that were published by support groups or action committees and were then asked how the chart might be biased.

    5. Between January 2015 and June 2016, we administered 56 tasks to students across 12 states. In total, we collected and analyzed 7,804 student responses. Our sites for field-testing included under-resourced, inner-city schools in Los Angeles and well-resourced schools in suburbs outside of Minneapolis. Our college assessments, which focused on open web searches, were administered online at six different universities that ranged from Stanford, an institution that rejects 94% of its applicants, to large state universities that admit the majority of students who apply.

      This is important to note because they not only analyzed students in high school but college as well.

    1. Studentsmust be taught to read both sources from a critical perspective.

      This is important. Children need to be able to understand the differences between real and fake things.

    2. 17Their writing is much more open to the public and can have more far-reaching consequences.The young people are creating new modes of expression that are poorly understood by adults,and as a result they receive little to no guidance or supervision.

      I think this is important. Many adults do not understand these new modes of expression and it leads children to be very vulnerable on the web.

    1. college and career readiness, and workforce development

      Learning these skills will help students be better prepared for college and the workforce

    2. Managing and maintaining the privacy and security of your digital identity through behaviors and digital tool settings.

      This is very important with things such as social media!

    3. Good online readers know the tools and strategies that can be used to search for and locate people, resources, and information. They then know how to judge the credibility of these sources.

      Again, I think it is SO important to teach students the tools and strategies in order to search for things and be able to judge the credibility of the sources.

    4. The map needs to be written in a language that is easy to understand, and relevant—why do web literacy skills matter to them.

      I think that writing the map in a language people can understand is very important. I think many people give up on trying to become digitally literate because of how confusing some of the words used can be.

    5. “21C Skills” refers to a broad set of knowledge, skills, work habits, and character traits that are important to succeed in today’s world, particularly for college and career readiness and in the workplace. Examples of these skills include collaboration, communication, creativity, and problem-solving.

      These are the skills needed to succeed in today's world.

    6. They can evaluate web content, and identify what is useful and trustworthy.

      I think this is something we really need to teach students. There are so many untrustworthy websites that people end up trusting because it is on the internet. I see it constantly while scrolling through facebook. People share some extremely fake things, but they actually think the articles are real and it really concerns me.

    7. critical thinking, collaboration, problem solving, creativity, communication), these digital-age skills help us live and work in today’s world.

      These are the digital age skills needed

    8. web remains a healthy open and public resource for all.

      I think this is very important. We need to make sure that we keep the web a healthy place to be for all individuals.

    1. Digital literacy is not about the skills of using technologies, but how we use our judgment to maintain awareness of what we are reading and writing, why we are doing it, and whom we are addressing.

      This quote summarizes the whole article for me. Before reading this, I thought that digital literacy was about the skills of using technology, but now I know it it more than that.

    2. Do our students recognize the ways in which Facebook’s privacy settings continually shift without user permission, and what posting a photo today might mean for their future employment opportunities? Do students recognize the importance of password-protecting their devices and having different passwords across platforms?

      I think this is very interesting and something that students need to be aware of and learn about. I believe internet safety is one of the most important things we need to teach to young children.

    3. When would you use Twitter instead of a more private forum? Why would you use it for advocacy? Who puts themselves at risk when they do so?

      I think this would be important for children to learn. I think often children, mostly teenagers, don't understand how widespread something like a tweet can be in the matter of a few seconds.

    1. Simply stated, students are often not provided with opportunities in school to practice the web literacies necessary to read, write, and participate on the web.

      I agree. I think that it is very important that we teach children how to use the web. I had computer classes in elementary school, but by high school and college everything had changed. I think we need to continue to teach children how to use technology and the web because technology is always changing.

    1. Training children and parents in particular about privacy threats and how to protect children’s privacy could also fall in this domain of activity.

      I think it is important that we also educate parents on privacy threats because they are the ones that are often monitoring internet usage and buying toys that may collect data on their children.

    2. Policy makers should expand children’s privacy safeguards to encompass data collection and marketing practices across digital platforms, including toys and other objects that are part of the Internet of Things.

      I agree with this. There needs to be more regulations on what data is allowed to be collected by digital platforms, apps, and toys or objects.

    3. Studies have shown, for example, that teenagers are inclined to behave impulsively and often do not think about the consequences of their actions before taking them, even in situations involving considerable risk.32

      I think that this can be shown in what they share on social media. They don't understand the consequences that over-sharing can bring.

    4. For example, although high school students in 1 study expressed little concern about the future use of their personal data, they also demonstrated limited knowledge of the actual business practices involved in using such information for commercial purposes.25

      This is interesting because I have observed that most of the high schoolers today are constantly sharing everything about themselves on apps like instagram and snapchat. Maybe we should educate them on how the data on them is used.

    5. Mattel’s “Hello Barbie” is emblematic of a new generation of interactive digital toys; it records a child’s voice, sends the recording to the Cloud, uses voice-recognition software to decode the content, and learns the child’s name, conversational styles, habits, and interests.20

      I don't like this. However, I use my Iphone, Siri and Alexa which all are essentially doing the same exact thing and I'm not really creeped out by it. I guess it is the fact that "Hello Barbie" involves kids is the reason it freaks me out.

    6. These tools and techniques are frequently used to identify children and youth of color, including Hispanic people and African Americans, and create targeted marketing messages based on their ethnicities and cultures

      Why are they trying to identify and target children of color? Is there a study that says they are more susceptible to these marketing messages?

    7. Sophisticated algorithms make it possible to tailor and personalize each user’s experience, alter what an individual sees in a newsfeed or other online content, and create advertising messages based on the user’s interests, friends, and routine actions.

      I think this is scary, but i just have to accept it. I have to accept it because it is now a part of our everyday lives and we can't really do anything about it other than being a ghost on the internet and social media.

    8. For example, privacy is important to young people’s psychosocial development, ensuring they have the freedom and autonomy to explore and try out a variety of possible selves in their search for identity, without risk of surveillance or exposure.

      Children should be able to figure out their personal identity without the computer deciding who they are before they get a chance to.

    9. As children increasingly consume content on an ever-expanding variety of digital devices, media and advertising industries are creating new ways to track their behaviors and target them with personalized content and marketing messages based on individual profiles.

      I even see this in my own life. I often see ads on social media for things that I was talking about, and looking on the internet about. It always creeps me out because I know that my phone and apps are storing data on me.

    1. If this study can be replicated at a much larger scale, the results point to the potential of a media touch screen diet that is rich in educational software as a relatively inexpensive mode of early intervention for school readiness.

      I think this could be a possible solution to helping all kids but specifically, kids that come from disadvantaged, low-income families in early intervention for kindergarten and first grade.

    2. At this time, the issue is unresolved, with effects likely depending on age of a child, the type of programming watched, and other contextual factors.21

      I feel like if children are watching television that is purely for the sake of entertainment, it may have an effect on reading achievement. However, if children are watching educational television, it might have a positive impact on reading achievement.

    3. There is little research on whether watching adult entertainment programming has an overall positive or negative cognitive effect, but there is fairly clear evidence that violent content can influence antisocial and aggressive behavior.19

      What are some examples of "violent" content?

    4. Once comprehension is established, television begins to influence child knowledge and, therefore, cognitive development more generally.

      I think this is why parents need to be mindful of what their children are watching. I think that non-educational television is okay in moderation when a child is young. However, too much non-educational television may be a negative impact on a child's development and knowledge.

    5. Parental use of mobile devices, however, has been shown to considerably reduce parental interactions with young children.14

      I think that this is something that parents (and future parents) need to be mindful of. I think that the parent-child interaction within the first few months and years of life is extremely important. Children learn and develop critical language in these years from verbal interactions with their parents, so it is important that parents are talking and interacting with their children rather than staring at a screen.

    6. Such claims include the potential of electronic games and other interactive technologies (eg, educational apps for tablets and smartphones) to support learning in formal educational contexts.1

      When reading this, I thought about games such as Kahoot, which allows students to interactively participate in a question and answer game on their phones or tablets.

    7. On the positive side, all of these media have been claimed to be enriching, allowing children to vicariously experience and witness places and events far beyond their normal experiences

      I never thought about this, but it is true. Technology allows children to be able to watch and see things they may be learning about in the classroom. Having video or evidence of events or place helps children have a greater understanding of the event or place. If a class was learning about a cultural tradition, it may help to have video evidence of the tradition so a child can as close as possible to actually being at the event and seeing for themselves.

    8. The use of computer games as well as educational computer programs can lead to gains in academically relevant content and other cognitive skills.

      I agree. I think that educational computer games and programs can help children academically. I remember using games to enhance my math skills. I also remember being in high school, and using technology to develop a deeper understanding what what I was learning if I did get the topic at first in class.

  4. Aug 2018
    1. And then — contrary to what happens at most schools, where a student’s work exists only inside a learning management system and cannot be accessed once the semester is over — the domain and all its content are the student’s to take with them. It is, after all, their education, their intellectual development, their work.

      This is pretty cool. I think giving students access to their own work is important.