21 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2020
    1. Public Law 94-142

      PL 94-142 was replaced by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

      The main difference between these two Acts is that PL 94-142 issued a national challenge to ensure access to education for all children with disabilities, and IDEA created a new challenge to improve results for these children and their families.

    1. 50 pieces of legislation

      In all, the United States Congress passed more than 50 pieces of legislation between the 1960s and the passage of the ADA in 1990.

    2. Civil rights laws

      Civil rights laws such as Brown v. Board of Education (1954) and its decision that school segregation is unconstitutional laid the groundwork for recognizing the rights of people with disabilities.

    1. What is NCLB?

      The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) was enacted on January 8. 2002, and was an update of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

    1. it is in the national interest that the Federal Government assist State and local efforts to provide programs to meet the educational needs of handicapped children in order to assure equal protection of the laws.

      Congress enacted the Education of All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA), known as Public Law 94-142.

      Public Law 94-142 guaranteed that children with disabilities had equal access to the right to receive public school education, just the same as non-handicapped children.

    1. The National Association of Parents and Friends of Retarded Children was first registered as a nonprofit organization in 1953 and named the National Association for Retarded Children.

      The National Association of Parents and Friends of Retarded Children was first registered as a nonprofit organization in 1953 and named the National Association for Retarded Children (NARC). The name was later changed to the Arc in 1992.

      This association was created by the parents and friends of disabled (retarded) children to find alternative forms of care and accessible education for their children.

    1. Urging States to Continue Educating Students with Disabilities, Secretary DeVos Publishes New Resource on Accessibility and Distance Learning Options

      According to U.S. Secretary of Education Betsy Dvos, some school districts, due to COVID-19, were using information from the Department of Education as an excuse not to educate students. A fact sheet was created to show how distance learning can be accessible during COVID-19 for students with disablitiies in compliance with federal law. Schools should not opt to close or decline to provide distance instruction, and the department created a fact sheet to help schools provide this instruction, which there is a link to in the body of the post

    1. For schools where subgroup students are struggling:

      On December , Congress passed the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) was passed, Replacing The No Child Left Behind law.

      For schools were subgroups are struggling: Schools have to come up with an evidence-based plan to help the particular group of students who are falling behind, such as minority students or those in special education, to make sure they are getting equal access of that of their peers' education.

    1. 1950s-60s

      The first university programs for disabled students were established at University of Illinois Champaign-Urbana, the University of California, the University of Berkeley, and other campuses.

    1. No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

      The major focus of this act is to close student achievement gaps by providing all children with the access of a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education.

    1. Segregation

      Students with visual, hearing, or other physical disabilities also faced separation. Many had to attend a boarding school far from home. Students with mental disabilities often did not go to school.

    1. Policy on accessible education for students with disabilities

      Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005 (AODA) states it's goal is to make Ontario fully accessible by 2025. The AODA aims to address the right to equal opportunity and inclusion for people with disabilities throughout society

      This article provides a 7-step "How to achieve accessibility" list

    1. But Tony McAleer, a former white supremacist leader who now runs Life After Hate, a rehabilitation program for neo-Nazis, called doxxing a “ passive aggressive violence.” He said publicizing the names and workplaces of neo-Nazis may offer some level of solace to people outraged by them, but it makes his job more difficult.“For us, it slows things down. We try to integrate people back to humanity,” Mr. McAleer said. “If isolation and shame is the driver for people joining these types of groups, doxxing certainly isn’t the answer.”In short, once someone is labeled a Nazi on the internet, that person stays a Nazi on the internet.

      Tony McAleer makes a strong point. Once something is posted on the internet, it is difficult to undo it, impacting both the near and far future of a person's life. I honestly don't know a lot about doxxing, but if someone (such as a white supremacist leader like McAleer) is rehablitiated and reintergrated into humanity, then they shouldn't be judged for the mistakes of the past, not when they are trying to be their better selves.

  2. Jun 2020
    1. Global services and support for children with developmental delays and disa...

      The article is about a vision of a inclusive society where health and education contributes to the well-being of all people. The plan to achive this vision is to provide greater access to healthcare, early childhood care and development services, and education. Educational programs are encouraged so the parents of children with disabilities, so that they can participate with children achieving educational goals, while still working. There are mentions of trial periods and monitoring program outcomes to learn from successful implementions.

    1. The FBI said it has stopped using the "Black Identity Extremist" tag and acknowledged that white supremacist violence is the biggest terrorist threat this country faces.

      I didn't know that the FBI was using "Black Identity Extremist" as a term, and I am glad they are stopping. Also, Ms. Pressley's face in the picture, says it all: "Its about time."

      I did check the website link out to check if it was fake by using Caulfield's "Wikipedia Method", and it was not. The link provided is for the online magazine "The Root."


      Michael Harriot is a critically acclaimed poet, journalist novelist and broadcaster, among other things.

      He wrote "The FBI Admits Black Lives Matter Was Never a Threat. It’s White People You Should Be Worried About" story in "The Root" online magazine, which was the topic of my second Online Literacy Assignment.

    1. The Root (magazine) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

      I used this Wikipedia page to check the legitamacy of website cited by the Twitter post "The FBI said it has stopped using the "Black Identity Extremist" tag and acknowledged that white supremacist violence is the biggest terrorist threat this country faces."

      The conclusion was that it a real website called "The Root."

    1. Go up to the “omnibar” Strip off everything after the domain name, type wikipedia and press enter This generates a Google search for that URL with the Wikipedia page at the top Click that link, then check in the sidebar that the URL matches. Forty-nine out of fifty times it will. The fiftieth time you may have some work to do.

      I have never heard of a way to check the legitimacy of a website before, and I am glad that it is possible. I will definitely try to remember these steps for future searches.

    1. Accessible Education for Sustainable Communities | Austin Campbell | TEDxDrogheda

      This Youtube video is about Accessible Education for people who learn differently, those who are homeless, and others.

    1. The History of the Web The World Wide Web, commonly referred to as the Web, is one of the greatest inventions of the 20th century. It revolutionized the way we access and consume information. From looking up encyclopedic information, to sharing videos and photos with our friends, to online shopping, it has profoundly changed old patterns.The history of the World Wide Web starts at CERN, a physics research institute in Switzerland, with a British researcher called Tim Berners-Lee.

      This is a Sutori story under the Media Literacy Unit. The timeline is built like a lesson plan, with definitions, charts , interactive questions, and having a reader answer questions like at the end of a chapter in a textbook.

    1. Harry Washington: A Slave's Quest For Freedom Taken from your homeland along the Gambia River in Africa, you've lived the hard life of a slave in Virginia for some 15 years. Enduring hard physical work as well as house duties and chores, you tried unsuccessfully to escape once before being returned to your owner, George Washington. In July 1776, your owner is now fighting for the Patriot cause as head of the Continental Army, but you, Harry Washington, haven't given up on the idea of freedom. The Revolution should not only be the concern of free white men...

      This is a Sutori story under the Higher Education - American Revolution Unit. The timeline follows what appear to be quotes taken from a journal belonging to Harry Washington. There are also references to vocabulary of the time period and information of the current events.