43 Matching Annotations
  1. Aug 2018
  2. course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com
    1. “I know all about the honour of God, Mary Jane, but I think it’s not at all honourable for the pope to turn out the women out of the choirs that have slaved there all their lives and put little whipper-snappers of boys over their heads. I suppose it is for the good of the Church if the pope does it. But it’s not just, Mary Jane, and it’s not right.”

      These paragraphs reveal the selfish of the church, which is similar to the theme of The Sisters. It contains some topic words such as "God" and "church". I think we can use the topic model to find the topic words from the chapters before The Dead to form a topic model of Dubliners and finds the supply the topic model to prove that The Dead contained many themes that occurred before.

    2. The piece ended with a trill of octaves in the treble and a final deep octave in the bass.

      I check out the background of James Joyce. He is a person with great talent in music and he usually plays the piano in the morning and does some writing in the afternoon. His description of piano music is vivid and precise. Tense and wired music emphasizes the heavy atmosphere.

    3. “But where?” asked Miss Ivors. “Well, we usually go to France or Belgium or perhaps Germany,” said Gabriel awkwardly. “And why do you go to France and Belgium,” said Miss Ivors, “instead of visiting your own land?” “Well,” said Gabriel, “it’s partly to keep in touch with the languages and partly for a change.” “And haven’t you your own language to keep in touch with—Irish?” asked Miss Ivors. “Well,” said Gabriel, “if it comes to that, you know, Irish is not my language.”

      I think The Dead is a summary of Dubliners, because it contains so many themes that occur before The Dead . These sentences are a typical example. Their conversation shows their standard stereotype about nationality, which is similar to the theme of After the Race.

    4. The piano had stopped; Villona must have gone up on deck. It was a terrible game. They stopped just before the end of it to drink for luck. Jimmy understood that the game lay between Routh and Segouin. What excitement! Jimmy was excited too; he would lose, of course. How much had he written away? The men rose to their feet to play the last tricks. talking and gesticulating. Routh won. The cabin shook with the young men’s cheering and the cards were bundled together. They began then to gather in what they had won. Farley and Jimmy were the heaviest losers.

      Although Jammy is happy that he is allowed to play with the rich, he cannot afford their expenses. What's worse, he loses a lot of money through gambling. Jammy feel unconfident and inferior due to his nationality. I guess that the writer wants to reveal the facts that the inequality in the international world will cause inequality between people from different country.

    5. MRS. MOONEY was a butcher’s daughter. She was a woman who was quite able to keep things to herself: a determined woman. She had married her father’s foreman and opened a butcher’s shop near Spring Gardens. But as soon as his father-in-law was dead Mr. Mooney began to go to the devil. He drank, plundered the till, ran headlong into debt. It was no use making him take the pledge: he was sure to break out again a few days after. By fighting his wife in the presence of customers and by buying bad meat he ruined his business. One night he went for his wife with the cleaver and she had to sleep in a neighbour’s house.

      In most cases, James Joyce chooses not to introduce the background of the characters directly. This article is a special one. I think the background of Mrs. Mooney is very important in this article. Mrs.Mooney has an unhappy marriage, so she wants to control her daughter's marriage. However, it will make her life worse. I guess the writer wants to reveal the fact that the children of the lower class will become more misfortune because of their parents' thought. And then from a vicious circle, which debunks that they have a rather tenuous grasp on reality from a new perspective.

    6. All his long years of service gone for nothing!

      This sentence shows that Mr. Doran is very unwilling to marry Polly, let alone love her. The writer spends a lot of words to describe how regretful Mr. Doran is to emphasize that the marriage between Mr. Doran and Polly must be unhappy. Thus, the writer debunks the incalculable consequences that Mrs. Mooney's interference to Polly's marriage cause through side description.

    7. It was seventeen minutes past eleven: she would have lots of time to have the matter out with Mr. Doran and then catch short twelve at Marlborough Street.

      This mental activity of Mrs. Mooney is very interesting. She takes every minute into consideration, which shows that she is very calculating. She arranges her daughter's life in a very secular way.

    8. He knew that he would regret in the morning but at present he was glad of the rest, glad of the dark stupor that would cover up his folly. He leaned his elbows on the table and rested his head between his hands, counting the beats of his temples. The cabin door opened and he saw the Hungarian standing in a shaft of grey light:

      Although Jimmy is happy with being is allowed to play with the rich. He cannot afford their expenses. What's worse, he loses a lot of money in gambling. I think the story reflects the real frustration of the lower class. The inequality in international society will cause the inequality among people from different country.

    9. He spoke roughly in order to belie his air of gentility for his entry had been followed by a pause of talk.

      I don't think in this sentence "gentility" is a good word. I think he must feel unconfident when entering the shop, because he is from the lower class and he doesn't have enough money. The writer emphasizes his stress and lack of confidence through irony.

    10. Her time was running out but she continued to sit by the window, leaning her head against the window curtain, inhaling the odour of dusty cretonne. Down far in the avenue she could hear a street organ playing. She knew the air. Strange that it should come that very night to remind her of the promise to her mother, her promise to keep the home together as long as she could. She remembered the last night of her mother’s illness; she was again in the close dark room at the other side of the hall and outside she heard a melancholy air of Italy. The organ-player had been ordered to go away and given sixpence. She remembered her father strutting back into the sickroom saying:

      I have a simple experiment to test the idea that is in my last annotation.I try to figure out what Eveline think about in each paragraph through the number of names of characters. As it is shown in the chart, Eveline recall her lover and family alternatively, which show her great hesitation in making a decision of whether she goes with Frank.

      <img src="https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wangziyi2016/Text-analize/master/mental%20activity.png" width = "550" height = "250" alt="图片名称" align=center />

  3. Jul 2018
  4. course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com
    1. Her time was running out but she continued to sit by the window, leaning her head against the window curtain, inhaling the odour of dusty cretonne. Down far in the avenue she could hear a street organ playing. She knew the air. Strange that it should come that very night to remind her of the promise to her mother, her promise to keep the home together as long as she could. She remembered the last night of her mother’s illness; she was again in the close dark room at the other side of the hall and outside she heard a melancholy air of Italy. The organ-player had been ordered to go away and given sixpence. She remembered her father strutting back into the sickroom saying:

      I found that the writer describes the hesitation of Eveline through alternately recall the life of his family and her lover. I guess we can track the name of character such as Frank and Horry, father through Python3, to figure out how the writer describes Eveline mental activity.

    2. “O, I never said such a thing!” “O, but you did!” “O, but I didn’t!” “Didn’t she say that?” “Yes. I heard her.” “O, there’s a… fib!”

      It is a really weird conversation. I guess it doesn't contain some specific meaning, but it gives me a feel of hypocritical, which reflects society’s coldness. On the other hand, The two young man chats calmly with each other, creating a contrast with boy's intense emotions

    3. grey and massive, with black cavernous nostrils and circled by a scanty white fur

      Black cavernous nostrils and white fur form sharp colour contrast. The black cavernous indicates that Flynn is an habitual smoker;. The writer reinforces that he is an habitual smoker for many time. I guess that it may be a motif in this article.

    4. It may have been these constant showers of snuff which gave his ancient priestly garments their green faded look for the red handkerchief, blackened, as it always was, with the snuff-stains of a week, with which he tried to brush away the fallen grains, was quite inefficacious.

      The color of the priest costume is very strange. It is faded and blackened. I think it is an insinuation that Flynn's spirts is corroded by the church.


      The title is an irony. There is no denying that the family relation is not an ideal one. I think it is a good way to provoke readers to ponder.

    2. Of course, I did think of it at one time. But it wasn’t to be. He had a little flower-shop just down the road and across from where we was living.

      There are many words that related to flower, which we can track by "wordnet". I think the flower is a motif in this article. Ellen loves flower very much which seems his only hobby. Her whole life is under control of her employer. Ellen’s frequent mention of flowers expresses her desire to free.

    3. On the wall opposite William some one had painted a young man, over life-size, with very wobbly legs, offering a wide-eyed daisy to a young woman who had one very short arm and one very long, thin one.

      I think the picture on the wall reflects the relationship between William and Isabel. A young man symbolizes for William. I guess the reason why he is"over life-size"but, wobbly is that he has lost his original family status. The woman symbolizes for Isabel. Her uneven length of arms shows that Isabel has both traditional family values and modern family values.I think the special appearance of man and woman shows subtle family relation during transitional period from traditional to modern.

    4. her engines or his heart

      It is a noticeable expression. He says Woman's engines and man's heart, which shows that Women are considered inferior in his mind.

    5. Mrs. Hammond’s

      It is weird that Mr Hammond calls his wife Mrs.Hammond. I guess that it indicates his strong possessiveness to his wife. In his mind, he equated his wife with money and regarded it as his own private property.

    6. It was as plain as a pikestaff that she was by far the most popular woman on board. And she took it all—just as usual. Absolutely composed. Just her little self—just Janey all over; standing there with her veil thrown back. Hammond never noticed what his wife had on. It was all the same to him whatever she wore. But to-day he did notice that she wore a black “costume”—didn’t they call it?—with white frills, trimmings he supposed they were, at the neck and sleeves. All this while Janey handed him round.

      Hammond is very satisfied when his wife is praised by others. He, however, doesn't care for his wife at all. He even doesn't know her dressing styles. The reason why he feels happy is that other's praise satisfy his vanity, just like his treasured artwork is appreciated by others.

    7. She couldn’t go home; Ethel was there. It would frighten Ethel out of her life. She couldn’t sit on a bench anywhere; people would come arsking her questions. She couldn’t possibly go back to the gentleman’s flat; she had no right to cry in strangers’ houses. If she sat on some steps a policeman would speak to her.

      I think this sentence shows the stress that Ma Parker confronts from all ranks of society. I supposed that the police represent for the power. They squeezes the poor through their power. The stranger stand for the normal people who are also refuse to offer help to Ma parker. What‘s more, her children can't understand her difficulties neither.

    8. “She’s had a hard life, has Ma Parker.” Yes, a hard life, indeed! Her chin began to tremble; there was no time to lose. But where? Where?

      There is many noticeable monologues in this article. A typical example is as follow." <br><br> (1)“She’s had a hard life, has Ma Parker.” (2)Yes, a hard life, indeed! (3)Her chin began to tremble; (4)there was no time to lose. But where? Where?<br><br> (1) is the question hypothesized by the author, questioning the author himself. (2) is the answer that given by the author himself to emphasize how tough Mr. Parker’s life it is. (1) and (2) constitute a self-examination and self-answer to enhance the reader's resonance, guiding readers to feel Mr. Parker's miserable life. (3) is the third person's description of the character. After that, the author inserts a monologue (4) again. From (1) to (4), it contained both the objective description and the emotional expression.

    9. “I think it might be nice to have it fried,” said Constantia. “On the other hand, of course, boiled fish is very nice. I think I prefer both equally well... Unless you... In that case—”

      Use of Punctuation in this article is noticeable. The apostrophe occurs 20 times in this short article(apostrophe only occurs 42 times in The Moonstone). In this sentence, the apostrophe indicates that Josephine and Constantia hesitate in making a decision of cooking method of fish and get used to control by their father. Another typical example of the use of the apostrophe is in chapter 6.<br><br> “but … but they weren’t in father’s room at all. ”.<br><br> Stammering and stuttering show they are so afraid that dare not enter their father's room.

    10. On the Indian carpet there fell a square of sunlight, pale red; it came and went and came—and stayed, deepened—until it shone almost golden. “The sun’s out,” said Josephine, as though it really mattered.

      The sun is a usually a symbol for good things. I think that in this place the sunlight symbolizes for the happy life of them. The sunlight shone almost golden, which indicates that how thirsty for free and happy life they are. However, there is merely a square of sunlight, which indicates that the wish of love is unrealistic.

    11. “Take it yourself, darling,” said she. “Run down just as you are. No, wait, take the arum lilies too. People of that class are so impressed by arum lilies.”

      After discussion with our group members, we think that lily is a symbol of the upper class. The reason is perhaps that at that time only the upper class can afford lily. Mrs. Sheridan said the underclass hate lily. I guess that it indicates there exists acute class contradictions at that time.

    12. How strange! She looked up at the pale sky, and all she thought was, “Yes, it was the most successful party.”

      There is no denying that Laura thinks a party with the dead is not a successful party. So I supposed that it is a verbal irony. There are also many ironies in The Moonstone. How can we track the irony through a computational method? I think this example of irony gives me an inspiration. There are some passive words which indicate the meaning that is ostensibly expressed in this paragraph, but "the most successful" are positive words. The strong contrast can be a typical symbol for the computer to recognize irony.

    13. They were like trees you imagined growing on a desert island, proud, solitary, lifting their leaves and fruits to the sun in a kind of silent splendour. Must they be hidden by a marquee?

      I suppose that karaka trees are the symbol which symbolizes for Laura. Laura's idea is restricted by her mother and knows little of the outside world. Karakas trees also grow on isolated a desert island. Laura is a girl who has the Spirit of Resistance. She wish to have freedom from her mother. karakas trees also lift their leaves and fruits to the sun to pursue freedom.

  5. course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com
    1. Alas!

      “Alas” is a typical modal particle that only used by Clack which occurs 10 times. The majority of them(80%) is related to Godfrey and Rachel.These words express her jealousy to Rachel and her love for Godfrey. Meanwhile, "Alas" also indicates that Clack is an emotional caricature woman.

    2. “I suspected the wrong person, last year,” he said: “and I may be suspecting the wrong person now. Wait to open the envelope, Mr. Blake, till you have got at the truth. And then compare the name of the guilty person, with the name that I have written in that sealed letter.”

      It is a very dramatic plot. I wonder that how he can predict who is the guilty person. In fact, he did a very bad job at the very beginning that he struggled for a lot time but he did not figure out the truth. I read Betteredges’s part again and find something noticeable. Mr. Cuff’s behaves is quite weird which seems he knows the truth and pretends to know nothing. Firstly he said something really weird such as "The pieces of the puzzle are not all put together yet". “but that’s a secret which I mean to keep to myself. ”. Secondly, Mr. Cuff writes the bank where the moonstone are hidden in chapter 22 of the first period. "He wrote accordingly on a blank leaf–“Mr. Septimus Luker, Middlesex-place, Lambeth, London. ” ". In conclusion, Mr. Cuff is likely to know the truth at the very beginning, but he didn't speak it out because of lack of evidence.

    3. The time, now, was twenty-three minutes past twelve. The next half hour, at most, would decide the question of whether he would, or would not, get up from his bed, and leave the room.

      He accustoms to describe everything precisely. The narrative of Jennings contains a lot of numbers, such as "twenty-three minutes past twelve","five minutes to twelve","June 24th". He honestly records what happened between June 15th to June 25th. I guess this is her occupational habit.

    4. Epilogue

      Previous narrators make a brief statement in the Epilogue. I think it looks like a curtain call of the narrators which make the reader vividly feel the emotion of narrators. I really appreciate the structure of the novel a lot and very enjoy reading it. The story is told by different narrators which do not make the novel disconnected but make the novel full of mystery.

    5. Dorking, Surrey, July 30th, 1849. To Franklin Blake, Esq. Sir,–I beg to apologise for the delay that has occurred in the production of the Report, with which I engaged to furnish you. I have waited to make it a complete Report; and I have been met, here and there, by obstacles which it was only possible to remove by some little expenditure of patience and time.

      The sixth narrative is quite different from the previous narrative, which is a detective report and writes in a semi-formal style. Cuff only reports what he has discovered rather than expresses personal feelings. I suppose that the frequency of "I" can show this point of view. The frequency of "I" in the sixth narrative is significantly lower than the others. <img src="https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wangziyi2016/Text-analize/master/I.png" width = "350" height = "350" alt="图片名称" align=center />

    6. “How am I to wait!” I exclaimed, impatiently. “Can’t you quiet my mind by a word of explanation before we part?”

      As we can see, we are closed to the truth. The climax the story occurs. The writer use two methods to create tense atmosphere. Firstly, sentences in this chapter are very short , which make reader feel the pace is quick . Secondly, in this chapter there is so many exclamation points(!)to show how excited Franklin and Jennings are.

    7. He pressed my hand gently. “Remember what I told you on the moor,” he answered. “If I can do you this little service, Mr. Blake, I shall feel it like a last gleam of sunshine, falling on the evening of a long and clouded day.”

      Metaphor is very common in literature. Franklin compared Jennings's help to the last gleam of sunshine in order to express his gratitude for Jennings. There are many other metaphors in the Moonstone. They are very important to express the emotions or opinions of characters. I guess that we can track the metaphor through a regular expression. Eg: []+like+[], compared+[]

    8. Having reached this point in my narrative, it now becomes necessary to place the reader of these lines–so far as Lady Verinder’s Will is concerned–on a footing of perfect equality, in respect of information, with myself.

      Mr Bruff is a very rational person. He research the loss of moonstone objectively and his judgement is mostly based on evidence. I guess the proportion of ''facts'' and ''opinion'' can be a index to show whether his narrative is objective or not.

    9. Her astonishing quickness of perception, detected a change in my voice, or my manner, when I put that question, which warned her that I had been speaking all along with some ulterior object in view. She stopped, and taking her arm out of mine, looked me searchingly in the face.

      At the end of the first narrative, Rachel break the engagement and Godfrey agree with it without argument. The reason why Rachel breaks the engagement and the reason why Godfrey accepts it happily is revealed by Mr. Bruff in this chapter. I think it is a typical example of the unique information flow in Moonstone. The writer is so sagacious that he arranges one narrator to show the strange events and lets another narrator reveal the truth and raise some new puzzles. As a result, the writer can promote the development of the plot and reveal the mystery behind it at the same time. It makes readers keep curious all the time because there is fascinating''truth'' in every narrative.

    10. The first sound of his voice informed me that we now had the resolute side of him uppermost once more. The man made of cotton had disappeared; and the man made of iron sat before me again.

      "Cotton man" and "iron man" are typical description of Franklin's mood. Franklin's mood changes is very notable after the diamond disappears. I supposed we can capture the words related to mood change and mark it on the timeline through computational techniques.

    11. “When I came here from London with that horrible Diamond,” he said, “I don’t believe there was a happier household in England than this. Look at the household now! Scattered, disunited–the very air of the place poisoned with mystery and suspicion! Do you remember that morning at the Shivering Sand, when we talked about my uncle Herncastle, and his birthday gift? The Moonstone has served the Colonel’s vengeance, Betteredge, by means which the Colonel himself never dreamt of!”

      Franklin laments that the Moonstone compromised relationships and destabilized families. England is defined by noble traditions of family. Why Moonstone can spoil the family? There are two chief reasons. Firstly, the desire to wealth causes big conflict within families. Secondly, violation of religious and colonization bring many unstable elements to the society. References:Hang Jin-feng (English Department, PLA University of Foreign Languages, Luoyang 471003, China) (Anti)-Orientalism as Reflected in“TheMoonstone”

    12. Cleverer heads than mine might have seen his drift. Or a person less fond of Miss Rachel than I was, might have seen his drift. My lady’s horror of him might (as I have since thought) have meant that she saw his drift (as the scripture says) “in a glass darkly.” I didn’t see it yet–that’s all I know.

      “see through a glass darkly” is to have an obscure or imperfect vision of reality. The expression comes from the writings of the Apostle Paul. The writer leave reader with a cliffhanger with the help of allusions. Meanwhile, it hints someone knows the truth at the very beginning. source:http://www.dictionary.com/browse/through-a-glass-darkly

    13. He gravely entreated her (in the interests of science) to let him take it home and burn it. “We will first heat it, Miss Rachel,” says the doctor, “to such and such a degree; then we will expose it to a current of air; and, little by little–puff!–we evaporate the Diamond, and spare you a world of anxiety about the safe keeping of a valuable precious stone!” My lady, listening with rather a careworn expression on her face, seemed to wish that the doctor had been in earnest, and that he could have found Miss Rachel zealous enough in the cause of science to sacrifice her birthday gift.

      I guess this dialogue is designed to emphasize that the Moonstone is a hot potato. Although the Moonstone may bring a lot of trouble, people still zealously pursue it because of desire for wealth.

    14. Her complexion turned of a beautiful red, which I had never seen in it before; she brightened all over with a kind of speechless and breathless surprise.

      Rosanna’s joy is in stark contrast to her sadness before she meet Franklin. "lonely," "crying," "suffocating," and "dreadful" are adjectives that writer use to describe Rosanna at the beginning. After meeting Franklin, she become "softly," " breathless surprise," " breathless surprise,". The sharp contrast before and after vividly depicts that she love Franklin at the first sight.

    15. “Has the English gentleman got It about him?”

      From the following lines we can see that" the English gentleman" is Mr.Frank and "It" represents the moonstone. How can the jugglers predict Frank ’s arrival through ceremony with ink? May be the juggler really has some supernatural power and they demonstrate to Betteredge. The ceremony with ink enhance the mystique of the story and give me an impression that a battle is simmering below the surface.

    16. To put it seriously, my dear pretty Miss Rachel, possessing a host of graces and attractions, had one defect, which strict impartiality compels me to acknowledge. She was unlike most other girls of her age, in this–that she had ideas of her own, and was stiff-necked enough to set the fashions themselves at defiance, if the fashions didn’t suit her views. In trifles, this independence of hers was all well enough; but in matters of importance, it carried her (as my lady thought, and as I thought) too far. She judged for herself, as few women of twice her age judge in general; never asked your advice; never told you beforehand what she was going to do; never came with secrets and confidences to anybody, from her mother downwards. In little things and great, with people she loved, and people she hated (and she did both with equal heartiness), Miss Rachel always went on a way of her own, sufficient for herself in the joys and sorrows of her life. Over and over again I have heard my lady say, “Rachel’s best friend and Rachel’s worst enemy are, one and the other–Rachel herself.”

      This paragraph introduce the personality of Miss Rachel.We can easily understand Rachel is a charming ,independent and maverick lady with human being's brain.But how can we teach computer to extract or summarize the personality of one character?May be we can traverse the whole novel to extract all the words or clauses that modify a certain character.And we can use some statistical approaches such as clustering analysis to summarize information.