198 Matching Annotations
  1. Dec 2015
    1. Soldiers were forbidden to interfere with slavery or assist runaways, but many soldiers found such a policy unchristian

      If slavery was one of the issues that caused the war, they should of have been able to help them

    2. Yet the end of legal slavery did not mean the end of racial injustice.

      even all these years later there's still racial injustice for all races

    3. Finally, white Confederates did not see African Americans as their equals, much less as soldiers. There was never any doubt that black laborers and camp servants were property.

      How could these people have been so naive, to think that just because a person skin was a different color they could be their property

    4. Gooding argued that, because he and his brethren were born in the United States and selflessly left their private lives and to enter the army, they should be treated “as American SOLDIERS, not as menial hirelings.

      He had a very good point

    5. The language describing black enlistment indicated Lincoln’s implicit desire to segregate African American troops from the main campaigning armies of white soldiers.

      even though they were fighting for the same cause he wanted to separate them.

    6. Land-Grant College Act (a.k.a. Morrill Act)

      what was this Act about?

    7. Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves in areas under Confederate control.

      the beginning of the end of slavery

    8. Lincoln, who initially waged a conservative, limited war, believed that the presence of African American troops would threaten the loyalty of slaveholding border states, and white volunteers who might refuse to serve alongside black men

      If they were fighting for the same reason skin color should have not been a problem

    9. Union troops evacuated. In response to the attack, President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to serve three months to suppress the rebellion

      the beginning of the war

    10. foundations are laid, its cornerstone rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery… is his natural and normal condition.

      why made them think this way?

    11.  Confederate nationalism was based on several ideals, foremost among these being slavery. 

      they cared more about slavery

    12. On December 20, 1860, the South Carolina convention voted unanimously 169-0 to dissolve their Union with the United States.

      They wanted to leave the Union just because they wanted the right to own another human being

    13. all future Confederate states, with the exception of Virginia, excluded Lincoln’s name from their ballots.2

      was that even legal to do?

    14. but the war ultimately transformed into a struggle to eradicate slavery.

      it became the war against slavery.

    15. The American Civil War, the bloodiest in the nation’s history, resulted in approximately 750,000 deaths

      could this war have been prevented?

    1. Slavery had long divided the politics of the United States.

      slavery played a big part in the U.S history

    2. The acquisition of so much land made it imperative to antislavery leaders that these lands not be opened to slavery.

      they wanted the new land to be free of slavery.

    3. South had become known as “Doughfaces

      why were they called Doughfaces?

    4. The Democratic Party tried to avoid the issue of slavery and instead sought to unite Americans around shared racial anxieties and desires to expand the nation.

      why did they avoid slavery issues?

    5. The Dred Scott decision signaled that the federal government was now fully committed to extending slavery as far and as wide as it might want.

      They rather make slavery bigger then to end it

    6. The Dred Scott decision, Scott v. Sandford, ruled that black Americans could not be citizens of the United States

      Even though they were born in the states they weren't considered citizens

    7. The conclusion of the Mexican War gave rise to the 1848 Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo. The treaty infuriated antislavery leaders in the United States.

      made an issue that was already big even bigger

    8. Slavery briefly receded from the nation’s attention in the early 1820s,

      never heard about this

    9. Revolutionaries in the United States declared, “All men are created equal,”
    10. Revolutionaries in the United States declared, “All men are created equal,”
    11. Revolutionaries in the United States declared, “All men are created equal,”

      every one is the same no matter what color skin they are

  2. Nov 2015
    1. Masters-turned-employers now not only had fewer obligations to their workers, they had a lesser attachment.

      The relationship wasn't there anymore.

    2. Factories slowly replaced shops.

      Just like how machines are replacing people in factories.

    3. he modern American factory was born. Soon ten thousand workers labored in Lowell alone. Sarah Rice, who worked at the nearby Millbury factory, found it “a noisy place” that was “more confined than I like to be.”21 Working conditions were harsh for the many desperate “mill girls” who operated the factories relentlessly from sun-up to sun-down.

      Machines helped but the work hours were still long. And the working condition were bad

    4. As early as the 1790s, however, merchants in New England began experimenting with machines to replace the “putting-out” system.

      just like what is happening now

    5. But a new system, “piece work,” divided much of production into discrete steps performed by different workers. In this new system, merchants or investors sent or “put-out” materials to individuals and families to complete at home.

      Work was divided between people and was taken home

    6. Robert Fulton established the first commercial steam boat service up and down the Hudson River in New York in 1807

      he opened the doors for others

    7. The so-called “Transportation Revolution” opened for Americans the vast lands west of the Appalachian Mountains. In 1810, for instance, before the rapid explosion of American infrastructure, Margaret Dwight left New Haven, Connecticut, in a wagon headed for Ohio Territory.

      transportation opened more land.

    8. With so many fake bills circulating, Americans were constantly on the lookout for the “confidence man” and other deceptive characters in the urban landscape.

      fake money has always been an issue

    9. In 1816, for instance, $9 could move one ton of goods across the Atlantic Ocean, but only 30 miles across land

      Now $9 wouldnt take you very far

    10. larger exchange network connected by improved transportations,

      transportation was chaging

    1. e WILL not longer submit to that arbitrary power which has for the last ten years been so abundantly exercised over us.

      They will stand up for themselves

    2. she must still continue to toil on, long after Nature’s lamp has ceased to lend its aid—nor will even this suffice to satisfy the grasping avarice of her employer;

      Women need to work longer, and its still not enought

    1. In Congress, Whigs and Democrats joined forces in 1836 to pass an unprecedented restriction on freedom of political expression known as the “gag rule,” prohibiting all discussion of abolitionist petitions in the House of Representatives.

      They didn't want to hear anything about it

    2. Anti-removal activism was also notable for the entry of ordinary American women into political discourse. The first major petition campaign by American women focused on opposition to removal and was led (anonymously) by Catharine Beecher.

      Women started to voice their opinions.

    3. Consumption among adults skyrocketed in the early nineteenth century, and alcoholism had become an endemic problem across the United States by the 1820s.

      alcoholism was and still is an issue

    4. Commercial distilleries produced readily available, cheap whiskey that was frequently more affordable than milk

      just like how fast food is cheaper then healthy food now

    5. nder the leadership of preachers and ministers, reform societies attacked many social problems.

      they helped each other out

    6. their leadership signaled a dramatic departure from previous generations when such prominent roles for ordinary women would have been unthinkable.

      women start to play a bigger role

    1. Then that little man in black there, he says women can’t have as much rights as men, because Christ wasn’t a woman! Where did your Christ come from? From God and a woman! Man had nothing to do with Him….

      Men thought that women didn't deserve rights because god was a man not a women, but god was born from a woman

    2. I could work as much and eat as much as a man—when I could get it—and bear the lash as well! And arn’t I a woman? I have borne thirteen children, and seen them most all sold off to slavery, and when I cried out with my mother’s grief, none but Jesus heard me! And aren’t I a woman?

      she can work as hard as any man, but no one was there to help when she cried.

    3. Nobody ever helps me into carriages, or over mud-puddles, or gives me any best place! And arn’t I a woman?

      Men say women should be treated but care but because her skin is different color no one treated her with are

    4. she dedicated her life to abolition and equal rights for women and men.

      she fought so that everyone could have equael rights

    1. He has taken from her all right in property, even to the wages she earns.

      women onwed nothing

    2. He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice.

      women didn't get to choice for what law to vote for, they just had to follow it.

    3. These four ladies, sitting round the tea-table of Richard Hunt, a prominent Friend near Waterloo, decided to put their long-talked-of resolution into action, and before the twilight deepened into night, the call was written, and sent to the Seneca County Courter

      they put their plans into movement

    1. began to direct my attention to this great object, to fulfil the purpose for which, by this time, I felt assured I was intended.

      he found his purpose

    2. when the white people would not let us be baptized by the church, we went down into the water together, in the sight of many who reviled us, and were baptized by the Spirit

      even though whites tried to stop them they found another way

    3. But the reason of my return was, that the Spirit appeared to me and said I had my wishes directed to the things of this world

      he believed that he saw something, like maybe a dream telling him to go back

    1. The most tragic, indeed horrifying, aspect of slavery was its inhumanity. All slaves had memories, emotions, experiences, and thoughts. They saw their experiences in full color, felt the pain of the lash, the heat of the sun, and the heartbreak of loss, whether through death, betrayal, or sale.

      I don't get why people back then thought why it was ok to be able to own another human being and to treat them so badly

    2. A single bad crop could cost even most wealthy, landed planter his or her entire life,

      They had be very careful or they could lose everything

    3. Cotton had become the foundation of the Southern economy

      Cotton became the economy of the south just like tobacco was the economy of Jamestown

    4. Prices for slaves varied drastically, depending on skin color, sex, age, and location, both of purchase and birth.

      They sold these people like if they were selling an animals

    5. Over the course of the 1830s, 40s, and 50s, slavery became so endemic to the “Cotton Belt” that travelers, writers, and statisticians began referring to the area as the “Black Belt,”

      slavery and cotton came hand in hand

    6. But then cotton came, and grew, and changed everything

      cotton played a big part

    7. Tobacco, then, was expensive to produce

      tobacco isn't just addictive it's also expensive to grow

    8. By 1835, the five main cotton-growing states—South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana—produced more than 500 million pounds of “Petit Gulf”

      the cotton was good business for those states

    9. the Indian Removal Act of 1830, allowed the federal government to survey, divide, and auction off millions of acres of land for however much bidders were willing to pay

      This helped farmers alot

    1. On their own time, enslaved people used available materials to construct musical instruments, such as drums, rattles, bells, banjars (an ancestor to the banjo), fiddles, and other instruments.

      Even though they were away from their home, they took whatever they had to make their traditional instruments.

    2. In the Americas, new languages emerged and evolved. They were, again, pidgin or creole languages which emerged from the blending of African, European, and Americanized-European languages.

      They mixed different languages to make a new language

    3. For the enslaved, understanding the language of European and American slave traders and plantation owners was necessary

      How did plantation owners communicate with the slaves?

    4. stories in their homes and neighborhoods in the New World,

      stories like the one in the movie Roots

    5. Africans brought to the Americas the greatly varied cultures of their homelands, including folklore, language, music, and foodways

      They were taken away from their home but they brought their culture with them

    1. So, whether he has two little or too much, his approach to the gin- house is always with fear and trembling.

      They feared returning with cotton because if they didn't have the right amount they would get punished.

    2. This done, the labor of the day is not yet ended, by any means. Each one must then attend to his respective chores. One feeds the mules, another the swine- - another cuts the wood, and so forth;

      even after working in the fields picking cotton all day they still had come home to do more work

    3. The hands are required to be in the cotton field as soon as it is light in the morning,

      they had to start working as soon as the sun was up

    1. How can one group of humans think it was ok to take out another group of humans from the place that they lived for a long time and then have other humans as slaves.

    1. removal of the Indians beyond the white settlements is approaching to a happy consummation

      It made them happy to remove people from the place that they lived in years before they came and took over.

    2. now occupied by a few savage hunters.

      they called them savages but what about what they were doing by taking what once belonged to them

  3. Oct 2015
    1. national political community; it helped to focus the American people's attention on the political component of their national identity.

      it helped them keep their attention on their goal

    2. all except Rhode Island, which of course had refused to send any delegates to the Federal Convention at all.

      By not going they didn't get to give their opinion and still and to got through what was voted

    1. That weakness meant that the burden of paying back debt from the Revolutionary War fell on the states.

      Its the same thing that happened with the seven Year War

    2. only Rhode Island declined to send a representative

      Why didn't Rhode Island send a representative

    3. Thomas Jefferson, thought “a little rebellion now and then” helped keep the country free, others feared the nation was sliding toward anarchy and complained that the states could not maintain control.

      Jefferson thought a little bit of rebellion was ok but others feared it.

    4. resorted to tactics like the patriots had used before the Revolution, forming blockades around courthouses to keep judges from issuing foreclosure orders.

      they were doing the same thing people did to the British when they raised taxes.

    5. s than two years before the national celebrations of 1788 and 1789, the United States had faced the threat of collapse.

      thing weren't as perfect as they hoped.

    1. With no one to distribute the stamps, the Act became unenforceable.

      protesting and showing how you feel towards something does work.

    2. Dunmore’s Proclamation of 1775 in Virginia, which promised freedom to any slaves who would escape their masters and join the British cause.

      He promised them freedom but they had to escape by themselves first.

    3. Women on both sides of the conflict were frequently left alone to care for their households. In addition to their existing duties, women took on roles usually assigned to men on farms and in shops and taverns.

      Women might not have been fighting in the war but they still played a part

    4. Washington needed something to lift morale and encourage reenlistment. Therefore, he launched a successful surprise attack on the Hessian camp

      so just because he wanted encourage reenlistment to attacked a camp, what would have happened if wasn't successful.

    5. Slaves could now choose to run and risk their lives for possible freedom with the British army, or hope that the United States would live up to its ideals of liberty.

      what happened to these slaves when Britain lost

    6. Women, too, became involved to an unprecedented degree in resistance to the Townshend Acts.

      Women played a part in the protests

    7. some colonists began to fear a pattern of increased taxation and restricted liberties.

      They feared more taxes and Britain controlling their liberty.

    8. In both Britain and the colonies, land was the key to political participation,

      Land and money gave you power

    9. Britain had largely failed to define the colonies’ relationship to the empire and institute a coherent program of imperial reform.

      In a way they left the colonies out of the empire

    10. The British North American colonists had just helped to win a world war and most, like Rush, had never been more proud to be British. And yet, in a little over a decade, those same colonists would declare their independence and break away from the British Empire

      something happened for them to go from being proud to not wanting to be part of the British.

    1. Men of sense in all ages abhor those customs which treat us only as the (servants)

      She felt that women were treated like slaves by the men

    2. I desire you would remember the ladies and be more generous and favorable to them than your ancestors.

      She wanted him to remember that women deserve a voice.

    3. As to your extraordinary code of laws, I cannot but laugh

      he took her request as a joke.

    1. herever the English went they caused disturbances for they lived under no Government and paid no respect either to Wisdom or Station. I hoped for better things, that those Old Talks had no truth in them.

      He had hoped that the rumors about the English behavior wasn't true

    2. where he reported that those Medal Chiefs who did not behave well Should be broke & their Medals given to others.

      If they didn't listen they lost their awards

    3. it is true the Land belonged chiefly to those who have given it away

      Is he talking about how the french lost the land to the British

    4. I expect they will be equally Bountyfull which must be done if they wish equally to gain the affection of my people.

      They expected the same treatment from the British as they had from the French

    1. "The delays we meet with in carrying on the Service, from every parts of this country, are immense.

      He believed they had a big problem on hand

    2. provincial soldiers under his command were challenging his authority.

      They didn't want to follow him

    1. Whereas the French had maintained a peaceful and relatively equal relationship with their Indian allies through trade, the British hoped to profit from and impose “order.”

      The Indians had a good relationship with France, their relationship with the British was the opposite of that.

    2. In June, a coalition of Ottawas and Ojibwes captured Fort Michilimackinac by staging a game of stickball (lacrosse) outside the fort. They chased the ball into the fort, gathered arms that had been smuggled in by a group of Native American women, and killed almost half of the fort’s British soldiers.

      Bet they didn't expect that to happen

    3. “This land where ye dwell I have made for you and not for others. Whence comes it that ye permit the Whites upon your lands…Drive them out, make war upon them.

      He was told to go into war with the Europeans, in a dream.

    4. The British received much of Canada and North America from the French, while the Prussians retained the important province of Silesia. This gave the British a larger empire than they could control, which contributed to tensions leading to revolution.

      They got more land to control, but will effect them down the road.

    5. Catholicism threatened to literally capture Protestant lands and souls.

      Again the church gets involved

    6. Raiding parties would destroy houses and burn crops, but they would also take captives

      They wanted to scare off the people.

    1. all the while fearing we should be too late to hear the Sermon

      he really wanted to get there in time

    2. I saw how stubborn and willful man was

      humans can be stubborn

  4. classicliberal.tripod.com classicliberal.tripod.com
    1. Thirdly, in the state of Nature there often wants power to back and support the sentence when right, and to give it due execution

      its in nature to want power and to have support

    2. he seeks out and is willing to join in society with others who are already united

      men looks for a united group.

    3. men when they enter into society give up the equality, liberty, and executive power they had in the state of Nature into the hands of the society,

      men have to give up nature born laws when they enter society

  5. Sep 2015
  6. classicliberal.tripod.com classicliberal.tripod.com
    1. equal to the greatest and subject to nobody,

      a person is equal and nobody is on a higher level

    1. thought that would be a happy change for they had no Souls a

      he rather be animals because he though they don't have souls

    2. I was possesst with a notion that if I had it I would die and goe right to hell,

      he thought that just because he had a disease he was gonna die and go to hell

    1. more people to marry earlier in life

      kind of different from now, people are marrying later in life

    2. wives asserted more control over their own bodies.

      women should always have control of their own bodies

    3. Whether or not African Americans, Native Americans, and women would also be included in this notion of equality

      women and other race are always in doubt

    4. only a tiny portion of males could vote

      Were the rich the only ones that could vote?

    5. Malaria and other tropical diseases spread, and caused many owners to live away from their plantations.

      They didn't want to live near diseases but had no problem sending another human to work in a disease filled area.

    6. South Carolina also banned the freeing of slaves unless the freed slave left the colony.

      Even if an owner wanted to free a slave they really couldn't.

    7. Defiant slaves could legally be beaten, branded, mutilated, even castrated.

      how could branding, beating, mutilating and castrating another human be seen as legal

    8. Slave owners could not be convicted of murder for killing a slave;

      so they got away with killing another human

    9. Earlier laws had already guaranteed that the children of enslaved women would be born slaves,

      these babies were born slaves

    10. . By 1750, slavery was legal in every North American English colony,

      how could owning another human be legal.

    1. two of the White men offered me eatables; and on my refusing to eat, one of them held me fast by the hands, and laid me across I think the windlass, and tied my feet, while the other flogged me severely.

      just because he didn't want to eat

    2. also reports that African women faced other hardships, especially sexual abuse and rape:

      women had it worse

    3. and cut one of his legs so round the bone, that he could not move, the nerves being cut through; others cut our cooks throat to the pipe, and others wounded three of the sailors, and threw one of them overboard in that condition, from the forecastle into the sea.

      They did the samething to the crew what was being done to them.

    4. all the oldest died of thirst, for there was no wate

      They didn't even have drinkable water

    5.   As can be seen from Equiano's account, it was not uncommon for captives to jump overboard and drown themselves rather than endure transportation and a life of slavery

      They rather die then live as slaves

    6. the voyage across the Atlantic that could take as long as two months.

      two months of living through the worst conditions

    1. facilitating the natural reproduction of slave

      their babies were born slaves

    2. This economic strategy on the part of planters created a legal system in which all children born to slave women would be slaves for life, whether the father was white or black, enslaved or free.

      A baby would grow up to be a slave just because his mom was a slave

    3. desperation that drove some slaves to suicide.

      they rather die then live all their life as someone else slave

    4. ative American slaves died quickly, mostly from disease, but others were murdered or died from starvation.

      they were dying from diseases and from being murdered

    5. Skin color became more than superficial difference; it became the marker of a transcendent, all-encompassing division between two distinct peoples, two races, white and black.

      the color of a person's skin separated them into two different races

    6. colonists experienced religious and political conflict t

      religion and politics always play a role in something

    7. Yet during the war the colonies remained neutral, fearing that support for either side could involve them in war

      they were afraid that if they took a side they would get involve in a war

    8. . Thousands of other Indians fled the region or were sold into slavery.

      they had to leave the place called home or be turned to salves

    9. Religion was a motivating factor in the creation of several other colonies as well,

      religion always plays a part in creating a new living

    10. The ambitious Penn wanted his own, larger

      human always want more

    11. Despite the turmoil in Britain, colonial settlement grew considerably throughout the seventeenth century, and several new settlements joined the two original colonies of Virginia and Massachusetts.

      even though they had problems people still came

    12. Religious conflict plagued

      religion seems to always play a role in history

    1. may become a profitable member here among us

      they wanted her to be just like them

    2. being a woman not fit for our society,

      she didn't act in away they thought was right

    3. here have been six witnesses to prove this and yet you deny it.

      did they really witness it or just saying they did because they didnt like her

    4. fitting for your sex

      sex always has to play a part on how someone is viewed

    1. f white and black acting together to challenge authority

      they were afraid of two different race getting together to go against them

    2. That in whatsoever place, house, or ship, any of the said persons shall reside, be hid, or protected, we declare the owners, masters, or inhabitants of the said places to be confederates and traitors

      who ever was hidng him was considered a trader

    1. God Almighty in His most holy and wise providence hath so disposed of the Condition of mankind, as in all times some must be rich, some poor, some high and eminent in power and dignity; others mean and in subjection

      still same thing as today

    2. which the wealthy were to show charity and avoid exploiting their neighbors while the poor were to work diligently.

      they thought that the rich should give and that the por should work

    3. When God gives us a special commission He wants it strictly observed in every article....

      He believed that a person should strictly follow what God wants you to do.

    1. not sparing either age or sex, man, women or child; so sudden in their cruel execution that few or none discerned the weapon or blow that brought them to destruction....

      They didn't care if was female/male or an adult or child that they were killing

    2. owhatan's successor, Opechcanough, tried to wipe out the English in a surprise attack.

      Unlike Powhatan who welcomed the English, Opechcanough wanted them out

    3. . After ten years, however, the colonists discovered that Virginia was an ideal place to cultivate tobacco

      Tobacco saved them from faliure

    4. tobacco production rapidly exhausted the soil of nutrients

      it just not bad for your body but the soil also

    1. The happy minority God had already chosen to save were known among English Puritans as the Elect.

      They believed that God had already picked who would be saved

    2. They dug up graves to eat the corpses of their former neighbors

      thats gross. they must have been really desperate to do something like that.

    3. “Would rather starve than work.”

      they were used to thing being handed to them instead of working for it

    4. The skyrocketing cost of land coincided with plummeting farming income. Rents and prices rose but wages stagnated.

      Just like what is happening right now

    5. a jealous England eyed the enormous wealth that Spain gleaned from the new World.

      England wanted to gain wealth just like Spain did

    6. The wealth flowing from the exploitation of the Aztec and Incan Empires greatly eclipsed the profits of other European nations. But this dominance would not last long

      Good example how nothing lasts forever

    7. Land east of the Tordesillas Meridian, an imaginary line dividing South America, would be given to Portugal, whereas land west of the line was reserved for Spanish conquest.

      so they were separated by their belief and because they both wanted more power.

    8. Jesuit missionaries succeeded in bringing Christianity to Brazil, but strong elements of African and native spirituality mixed with orthodox Catholicism to create a unique religious culture.

      They mixed the different belief and made a new religious culture

    1. They are also poor people, for they not only possess little but have no desire to possess worldly goods. For this reason they are not arrogant, embittered, or greedy.

      The poor were happy even though they didnt have much

    2. The milk in the breasts of the women with infants dried up and thus in a short while the infants perished

      Not even the babies were safe

    3. For in the beginning the Indians regarded the Spaniards as angels from Heaven. Only after the Spaniards had used violence against them, killing, robbing, torturing, did the Indians ever rise up against them....

      They welcomed them thinking they were good people and they were go wrong

    4. But I should not say "than beasts"

      the animals got more respect than humans

    5. (since the Spaniards usually spare only the women and children, who are subjected to the hardest and bitterest servitude ever suffered by man or beast

      they spare their life, but they still end up hurting them

      1. He thought that they were harming the Kingdom by allowing the merchants to set up shops with goods and many things that were prohibited by them. He thought that they were bring harm to security and the service to god.

      2. He asks for the Kings help by telling him what is happening in the kingdom and tells him not to send anymore merchants. That he only needs to send no more than some priests and a few people to reach in schools, and no other goods except wine and flour for the holy sacrament.

      3. He is appealing to the king because without the king agreeing there is no other way to stop there problem with the merchants.

      4. He sees it as a privilege because they are using his kingdom to set up their shops and sell there own merchandise

      5. He said that in his Kingdoms there should not be any trade of slaves nor outlet for them.

      6.he physician, apothecaries and surgeons, because they were in the need of medical help.

    1. In the encomienda, the Spanish crown granted a person not only land but a specified number of natives as well. Encomenderos brutalized their laborers with punishing labor.

      This was suppose to help them but ended up hurting them instead

    2. we came here to serve God and the king, and also to get rich.

      They came to serve God, but at the same he is saying that they also came to get rich, when god has said a person shouldnt care alot about money

    3. The “discovery” of America unleashed horrors. Europeans embarked upon a debauching path of death and destructive exploitation that unleashed murder and greed and slaver

      What was a good thing for some people was a disaster for others..

    4. They were not quite Indios, or Indians, but their lack of limpieza de sangre, or “pure blood,” removed them from the privileges of full-blooded Spaniard

      even though they were half Spaniards they still didn't get the same privilages.

  7. Aug 2015
    1. Wave after wave of disease crashed relentlessly. Disease flung whole communities into chaos. Others it destroyed completely.

      More people died because of the different diseases that were brought over than by weapons the Europeans brought

    2. In 1531, a poor Indian named Juan Diego reported

      He had to go back several times, because they didn't believe him.

    3. “purity of blood.”

      separated by their race

    4. Smallpox ravaged the city.

      Smallpox appears everywhere

    5. In central America the Maya built massive temples

      How long did it take them just to build one temple?

    6. Columbus described them as innocents.

      so he saw them as an easy target to get what he wanted

    7. There, three crops in particular–corn, beans, and squash, the so-called “three sisters”–provided nutritional needs necessary to sustain cities and civilizations.

      other than the "Three Sister" what else did they plant for nutrition?

    8. Meanwhile, kinship bound most native North American people together.

      Family was very important to them

    9. Native Americans lacked the immunities that Europeans and Africans had developed over centuries of deadly epidemics

      Native American's immune systems were weaker compared to the Europeans

    10. Nomadic hunter-gatherers, they traveled in small bands following megafauna–enormous mammals that included mastodons and giant horses and bison–into the frozen Beringian tundra at the edge of North America

      How did they know to follow the animals? Did they follow them to use for food or because they knew that the animals knew where to find a better living enviroment

    1. Finally, the little muskrat stepped forward and he said, “I can do this. I know I can do this.

      Even though he saw what happen to otter, the muskrat still was brave enough to try ans save the woman

    2. How was she ever going to survive? So the great big birds with the big wingspan flew high and they flew underneath her and sure enough they caught her

      An example of how nature saves humanity

    3. But one by one they took turns diving deep, deep down into the dark water of the sea world. One by one, they floated up to the top because it was a far, far away down. Each one of the animals tried. Pretty soon there weren’t too many left.

      This kind of sounds like when human hunt down animal almost to extinction

    4. the sky world.

      was this like heaven

    5. she had seen long the way, she began to crave and wanted to know what was underneath that tree – she wanted the roots of that tree.

      Show how some humans alway want something else even when they have other good things

    1. All the gods contributed what gold they had, and Orunmila supplied the articles for the bag.

      They came to together to build a new land

    2. She had not been consulted by Obatala, and grew angry that he had usurped so much of her kingdom.  

      Why hadn't they Olokun if he's the ruler of all below, shouldn't he been the first to know what was happening

    3. All the other gods were happy with what Obatala had done, and visited the land often, except for Olokun, the ruler of all below the sky.  

      Was she jealous of what Obatala had accomplished?

    4. The new people built huts as Obatala had done, and soon Ife prospered and became a city.

      Humanity started growing

    5.   The next day he realized what he had done, and swore never to drink again, and to take care of those who were deformed, thus becoming Protector of the Deformed.

      He wanted to make gods like himself but was drunk and made humans?

    1. And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth

      God wants them to reproduce

    2. And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.

      God want them to reproduce

    3. ¶ And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

      he made the oceans and land

    4. And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.

      This is when he created the sun for the day and the moon for night

    5. And God blessed them, Gen. 5.1, 2 and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

      So god gave man the power to control the earth.