- Dec 2021
have always prioritized the most prominent publishers.
Small publishers with fewer publications and capital flow struggle to get the time with libraries and consortia to negotiate the terms of the agreements.
It offers institutions a framework and concrete structure to take immediate action. Then it addresses the concerns of hybrid publishing and subscription paywall systems.
see above calculation
At first, TA's enable the authors to publish their articles rapidly in open access journals. Thus, it considerably lessens authors' and researchers' need for using their grant and institutional research funds to manage the open access publishing costs. As researchers and authors give prominence to scholarly publishing services and journals, the transformative agreements significantly preserve them.
Shall we make a calculation. A = max research funding from funders B = sum of researchers C = A/B = research fund accepted by researchers (with competition)<br> D = subscriptions to publishers
The old way: Within every C, there's E (OA publishing fund = X% x C).
The new TA way:
A = max research funding from funders consist of C = research fund without E (OA publishing fund)
D+E is paid to the publishers, which in turn give an allocation to publish as OA articles and to read non OA articles.
I don't think it changes much. It limits the choices of researchers to publish OA to certain publishers that have TA.
Types of Transformative Agreements"Read and Publish" and "Publish and Read" are the two different types of transformative agreements. Let us explore them in detail.
this is important.
- read and publish agreement
- from subscription fund to allocations to read and publish.
- publish and read agreement
- from subscription fund to allocation to publish. so members of the institution dan read all materials.
The institutions such as libraries and national & regional consortia are striking a deal with publishing houses where the subscription costs are being repurposed through a proper and fair remuneration for the publishers to make publications open access.
repurposeshould not be used since the agreement does not change the role of funders to fund and publishers to publish (with profit).
The large-sized publishers and the small-scale ones have already grabbed the opportunity with open hands.
only happens to rich countries or funders with enough money to pay.
Initially, the transition might not be easy for institutions, universities, libraries, or publishers. However, it could prove beneficial in accelerating the progress of the open-access movement and scaling capacity in the long run.
But the transition was only about how we publish and read. It does not change the fact the sum of money that has to be paid by funders (eg: government).
Then looking at the situation of publishers right now, there are big 4 or big 5 of giant publishers. The funders (eg the government) would not be able to pay agreements with all potential (big) publishers. What about agreement
small- legit publishers, especially those that publish full OA from the beginning and local journals. They would be easily oversight.
The best aspect is that TA's are mutually agreeable to all the parties.
In every deal comes with percentage of profits.
Although in a way it's natural (to gain profit from a service), but how much profit is a good profit?
I don't think we have set up the limit. there's a price cap, but it would easily be converted to final expected profits by inputing the component of large publishing portofolio. Calculation: fixed price cap per article x (sum of allocated articles to publish + sum of allocated articles to read) = expected profit X%
What we (researchers) would get from it? Is it rights to publish and rights to read? So let's consider the following situations: a. in this digital internet era, anyone can publish something anywhere anytime, why would we limit our choices to certain journals from certain publishers? b. if we insert to component of peer review as one of the key feature in publishing in a journal, well then all journal would "naturally" do that (by excluding
questionable journals). with more choices of OA journals that we have, why would we limit our choices to certain journal articles from certain publishers?<br> c. in a scenario where preprinting is a norm to retain copyrights, then readers would always have an OA version of any articles they wish to read.
So again, why would we limit our choices to only journals from certain publishers?
It plays a significant role in preserving authors' academic freedom and accelerating the transition to open access.
Which freedom we are talking about? We can practice our freedom to publish and publish OA by preprinting even by uploading our manuscript to blogs.
The missing component with that freedom is peer reviewing. Then what is stopping us from creating a freedom to peer review? (eg: PCI, Pre-review).
- Feb 2021
Cambridge University Press
Many UK institutions have signed a contract to fund CUP's publishing activities for four years as a result of Plan S, regardless of how many authors accepted manuscripts (AAM) are openly available in repositories. This fact undermines the arguments made above by the STM Association about the rights retention strategy (RRS) undermining financial sustainability.