- Jan 2023
We appreciate this is a long span of time, and were concerned why any specific artificial memory system should last for so long.
I suspect that artificial memory systems, particularly those that make some sort of logical sense, will indeed be long lasting ones.
Given the long, unchanging history of the Acheulean hand axe, as an example, these sorts of ideas and practices were handed down from generation to generation.
Given their ties to human survival, they're even more likely to persist.
Indigenous memory systems in Aboriginal settings date to 65,000 years and also provide an example of long-lived systems.
Francesco d'Errico has done much to advance our understanding of artificial/ external memory systems.
These may occur on rock walls, but were commonly engraved onto robust bones since at least the beginning of the European Upper Palaeolithic and African Late Stone Age, where it is obvious they served as artificial memory systems (AMS) or external memory systems (EMS) to coin the terms used in Palaeolithic archaeology and cognitive science respectively, exosomatic devices in which number sense is clearly evident (for definitions see d’Errico Reference d'Errico1989; Reference d'Errico1995a,Reference d'Erricob; d'Errico & Cacho Reference d'Errico and Cacho1994; d'Errico et al. Reference d'Errico, Doyon and Colage2017; Hayden Reference Hayden2021).
Abstract marks have appeared on rock walls and engraved into robust bones as artificial memory systems (AMS) and external memory systems (EMS).
- absract marks on bones
- external memory systems
- archaeology of knowledge
- non-figurative art
- Acheulean hand axes
- cultural anthropology
- Francesco d'Errico
- human survival
- imitation > innovation
- cave art
- indigenous knowledge
- artificial memory systems
Those interested in archaeology and anthropology with respect to art and memory may appreciate this new paper which could push the date of our earliest writing systems back several thousands of years. (cc @LynneKelly)
Upper Palaeolithic Proto-writing System and Phenological Calendar<br /> https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/cambridge-archaeological-journal/article/an-upper-palaeolithic-protowriting-system-and-phenological-calendar/6F2AD8A705888F2226FE857840B4FE19