1 Matching Annotations
 Feb 2023


Principle (The Born rule). Given an observable O and two unitnorm statesψ1〉 and ψ2〉 that are eigenvectors of O with distinct eigenvalues λ1 and λ2Oψ1〉 = λ1ψ1〉, Oψ2〉 = λ2ψ2〉the complex linear combination statec1ψ1〉 + c2ψ2〉will not have a welldefined value for the observable O. If one attempts tomeasure this observable, one will get either λ1 or λ2, with probabilitiesc21c21 + c22and c22c21 + c22respectively.
