45 Matching Annotations
  1. Feb 2016
    1. Last week, the U.S. Department of Justice unveiled a newly revised guide on use of profiling by law enforcement, distinguishing between legitimate uses (such as using race and other characteristics in a suspect description) and illegitimate uses (such as criminal stereotypes). Among other things, the guide explains that uses of race and other characteristics should be based on particularized and trustworthy information relevant to the specific investigation, rather than generalized stereotypes. The policy also provides general provisions on training, data collection and accountability, and it was expanded to include national origin, religion, gender, sexual orientation and gender identity. Civil rights groups have been calling for this updated guide for years.

      DOJ made a new guide for law enforcement profiling

    2. Listening to the voices from the movement — and learning from the death of Eric Garner and the series of other deaths of unarmed black men — it’s clear that two issues need to be addressed: racial profiling and police use of excessive force. Both run afoul of the U.S. Constitution, but remain common practices in law enforcement, too often with tragic results. In Garner’s case, for example, police targeted him for the petty crime of selling loose cigarettes — the types of crimes black people are targeted for at higher rates — and then attempted to arrest him with a chokehold, banned by the department. Whatever else we have learned from the recent tragedies of police violence, it is clear that we need comprehensive federal, state  and local policies that outlaw racial profiling and rein in police excessive force.

      Look up more info for Eric Garner

    3. Twenty states have no laws prohibiting racial profiling by law enforcement, according to an NAACP report released in September.

      20 states have no laws prohibiting racial profiling by law enforcement.

    1. black and Latino communities continue to be the overwhelming target of these tactics. Nearly nine out of 10 stopped-and-frisked New Yorkers have been completely innocent, according to the NYPD’s own reports:

      In New York 9/10 Stop and frisk that happen have been done to innocent people especially in black and latino communities

    2. In 2015, New Yorkers were stopped by the police 22,939 times. 18,353 were totally innocent (80 percent). 12,23 were black (54 percent). 2,567 were Latino (11 percent). 6,598 were white (29 percent).

      Over 54% for blacks

    1. The study—which gathered data voluntarily reported to the FBI from 2011–2012, tracked by race (excluding Latinos)— found that 70 departments from Connecticut to California arrest Blacks at a rate 10 times more than people of other races.

      Arresting is not proportional

    2. According to reports submitted to the FBI, more than half of the arrests in Dearborn in 2011 and 2012 were Black—yet Blacks only make up 4 percent of the town’s population. Within those two years, 4,500 Black arrests were reported—500 more than the amount of Black people who actually reside in Dearborn. The arrest rate for Blacks compared to Dearborn’s population was 26 times higher than for non-Blacks.

      In 2011 and 2012 Dearborn, Mich police made 4,500 black arrest. That's every single African American resident in Dearborn. African Americans only make up 4% of the city population.In addition, to that citizens drive through Dearborn to get to work and 500 African American arrest where made there in the past 2 years.

      African Americans are 26 times more

    3. Only 173 of the 3,538 police departments USA Today examined arrested Black people at a rate equal to or lower than other racial groups.

      That's only 0.04% of all police departments in the U.S that's considered to have a arrest rate equal or less to other racial groups.

    4. These departments range from those in major cities, like Chicago and San Francisco, to suburban towns on the outskirts of cities like Detroit and New York. In St. Louis County alone, more than two dozen police departments had arrest rates more lopsided than Ferguson’s.

      There are 1,581 other U.S police departments besides the Ferguson police department that has more of a lopsided arrest ratio between minorities and their counter parts. Also, in St. Louis alone more than two dozen of their police departments are more proportional than Ferguson.

    5. The Michael Brown shooting in Ferguson, Mo., has brought racial-profiling and racial disparities in arrests to the forefront again. Racial profiling is rampant in Ferguson—Blacks account for 93 percent of traffic-stop arrests—but the racial disparity in arrests is

      93% of traffic stops arrest in Ferguson are done to African Americans.

    1. Inner city crime prompted by social and economic isolation

      Segregation in communities can effect the way law enforcement profiling you ex: poverty neighborhoods to the suburbs.

    2. 1 in 100 African American women are in prison

      Start of african american women racial profiling

    3. About 14 million Whites and 2.6 million African Americans report using an illicit drug 5 times as many Whites are using drugs as African Americans, yet African Americans are sent to prison for drug offenses at 10 times the rate of Whites

      These statistics go hand and hand

    4. African Americans are incarcerated at nearly six times the rate of whites Together, African American and Hispanics comprised 58% of all prisoners in 2008, even though African Americans and Hispanics make up approximately one quarter of the US population

      Make this last statistic and start to talk about hispanics.

    5. African Americans now constitute nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated population


  2. Dec 2015
    1. A small number of people with Salmonella develop pain in their joints. This is called reactive arthritis. Reactive arthritis can last for months or years and can lead to chronic arthritis, which can be difficult to treat1. Antibiotic treatment of the initial Salmonella infection does not make a difference in whether or not the person develops arthritis1. People with reactive arthritis can also develop irritation of the eyes and painful urination5.

      I never heard of these long term effects tied to Salmonella.

    2. . Salmonella serotype Typhimurium[PDF - 15 pages](http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/pdf/typhimurium-508c.pdf) and Salmonella serotype Enteritidis[PDF - 15 pages](http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/pdf/enteritidis-508c.pdf) are the most common in the United States

      Why is it most common?

    3. Children are at the highest risk for Salmonella infection

      A lot of fast food places especially McDonalds targets children this age!

    4. 1.2 million illnesses and approximately 450 deaths occur due to non-typhoidal Salmonella annually in the United States

      1.2million illnesses? It's surprising that this doesn't get more attention especially with about 450 deaths per year.

    5. Most people infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps between 12 and 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days

      This is a long term disease and can be fatal at the same time

    1. Taco Bell has been linked to two other outbreaks in the last six years

      This seems to happen to them frequently.

    2. Salmonella bacteria are the most frequently reported cause of foodborne illness. Infection results in fever, cramps, and diarrhea that lasts for several days and can require hospitalization.

      Salmonella is the most common foodborne illness frequently coming from fast food places which should be looked into more.

    3. Taco Bell was tied to a salmonella outbreak that sickened 155 people in 21 states.

      This isn't their first time be accused of a salmonella outbreak.

    4. Oklahoma was one of the 10 states which reported infections, along with Texas, Kansas, Iowa, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Ohio, and Tennessee. Oklahoma's 16 infections were second to Texas, which reported 43 people sickened by salmonella.

      Most of these states are in the south or southwest which is peculiar.

    5. Taco Bell food may have sickened 68 people in 10 states during a salmonella outbreak in October 2011

      This small outbreak of salmonella caused 68 people in 10 states to get infected which is surprising that the disease popped up in 10 states which is pretty widespread and it probably could of came from one factory which makes me wonder how it would have been if it was more than one.

    1. Though more states are opting back in, the overall amount of lean finely textured beef purchased by the school lunch program is still way down from its production heyday when most people did not realize the extent of its presence in the U.S. food supply and it was in use in nearly all of the states.

      The amount of schools starting to serve the "pink slime" again is slowly increasing.

    2. Lean finely textured beef brings down the cost of ground beef by about 3 percent, which can add up quickly in a program that feeds more than 31 million school children each day.

      Schools continue to serve the "pink slime" to their students because it is cheaper

    3. schools in four more states have since put aside concerns and resumed buying the controversial product.

      Some U.S. schools have since put aside the possible harm "pink slime" can do to their students and now are buying the product again.

    4. Their action followed a massive media uproar,

      With U.S. schools no longer feeding their students "pink slime" in their beef it became a big topic in the media.

    5. Their action followed a massive media uproar,

      With U.S. schools no longer feeding their students "pink slime" in their beef it became a big topic in the media.

  3. Nov 2015
    1. Food begins to lose nutrition as soon as it is harvested

      Locally grown foods are more nutritious.

    2. Consumers increasingly are seeking out the flavors of fresh, vine-ripened foods grown on local farms rather than those trucked to supermarkets from faraway lands.

      American consumers interest in locally grown food is growing.

    3. 75% of their organic certification costs reimbursed, and some of them can obtain crop insurance.

      More funding is being poured in to small time farming for speciality crops. Speciality crop are grown during locavore movements.

    4. $2.3 billion was set aside this year for specialty crops, such as the eggplants, strawberries, or salad greens that are grown by exactly these small, mostly organic farmers. That’s a big bump-up from the $100 million that was earmarked for such things in the previous legislation.

      Funding for speciality crops grown by small time farmers has increased very much from 100 million to 2.3 billion dollars which is due to the widespread idea of locavore movements.

    5. Bush has threatened to veto the bill, but it passed with enough votes to sustain an override.

      Benefits of locavore movements is catching the Governments attention.

    6. the number of small farms has increased 20% in the past six years, to 1.2 million, according to the Agriculture Dept. . . .

      Farming is starting to become more of an profession.