11 Matching Annotations
  1. Dec 2017
    1. direct observations of our own and others

      I has caught my attention because i think it is better for students to make their own observations before they delve into others work. Make it easier to approach it from this stand point.

    1. Presenting your research

      i wish this was closer to the beginning of the book since we had to do papers before we covered this chapter.

    2. This is because “et” is a complete word and “al.” is an abbreviation for the word alia.

      I did not know this! wow!

    3. The journal title and volume number are italicized

      I'm not seeing this in the example :(.

    4. The previous edition of the Publication Manual strongly discouraged the use of the term subjects (except for nonhumans) and strongly encouraged the use of participants instead. T

      never thought of that

    1. Notice that the process of counterbalancing is accomplishing the same fundamental goal accomplished by random assignment. The goal is to spread out and equalize the influence of possible confounding variables. The two possible confounding variables here are order and list

      I like. Pretty straight forward

  2. Nov 2017
    1. In addition to theory, researchers in psychology use several related terms to refer to their explanations and interpretations of phenomena. A perspective is a broad approach—more general than a theory—to explaining and interpreting phenomena. For example, researchers who take a biological perspective tend to explain phenomena in terms of genetics or nervous and endocrine system structures and processes, while researchers who take a behavioral perspective tend to explain phenomena in terms of reinforcement, punishment, and other external events. A model is a precise explanation or interpretation of a specific phenomenon—often expressed in terms of equations, computer programs, or biological structures and processes. A hypothesis can be an explanation that relies on just a few key concepts—although this term more commonly refers to a prediction about a new phenomenon based on a theory (see Section “Using Theories in Psychological Research”). A theoretical framework can be as broad as a perspective or a specific as a model, but it is the context applied to understanding a phenomenon. Adding to the confusion is the fact that researchers often use these terms interchangeably.

      This is a lot of info in one paragraph :(

  3. Oct 2017
    1. The top panel of Figure 5.3

      what top panel? where? 5.3? it doesn't take em anywhere or show me and graph

    2. 2 x 2 x 2

      I understand but a diagram on the current page would be better.

    3. multiple dependent variables, there is again a possibility of carryover effects. For example, it is possible that measuring participants’ moods before measuring their perceived health could affect their perceived health or that measuring their perceived health before their moods could affect their moods.

      I understand but simple diagram would be make it better

    4. never heard of this. I'll have to google instead of moving on