23 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2017
    1. This ability to focus one’s attention is essential for effective performance

      This ability is needed but it is very difficult for some to focus on only one thing because many of us like myself have constant things on our minds and its a difficult process. Some are able to do it freely while others have to train their minds to focus.For myself, I have a real bad time trying to empty my mind. I cannot do it at all.

    2. “nature”

      http://www.drodd.com/html7/nature.html A picture of nature When I think of nature, I think of trees and waterfalls in a dense forest with sunshine coming through the leaves of the trees. I think of dirt trails that are curvy and lead all over the place. I think of animals such as rabbits, squirrels, and foxes.

    3. natural scenery employs the mind without fatigue and yet exercises it; tranquilizes it and yet enlivens it; and thus through the influence of the mind over the body, gives the effect of refreshing rest and reinvigorating to the whole system

      This statement talks about how natural scenery enters the mind with out tiring it out but it exercises it. It also gives the mind a refreshing feel. This is why nature is beneficial to all humans because it did not only state college students, it said the mind and every human has a mind, it is implied that all humans benefit from nature. Nature is very powerful for us humans. Nature can give us positive emotions and positive energy to offset the negative energy all around us. Being in tune with nature and positive energy can unlock our chakras, which are spiraling pools of energy that can give us power and health benefits. Nature is a good way to get in tune with our spiritual side.

    4. A dramatic post-war increase in student enrollment

      This very interesting to see this constantly through history. I remember my father telling me after he was out of the navy he went back to school for his masters degree and it is ironic how I read that after war, many people actually go back to school. I am curious as to why do people return to school after war? Maybe because people are trying to embrace the life they have and realize how precious it truly is. We take it for granted so much and we need to embrace all of the time we have for life because it is really short.

    5. Many university founders desired to create an ideal community that was a place apart, secluded from city distraction but still open to the larger community, enabling their students and faculty to devote unlimited time and attention for classical or divinity learning, personal growth, and free intellectual inquiry (Eckert, 2012; Gumprecht, 2007; Turner, 1984).

      This statement conflicts with my earlier post about how I imagine colleges and universities to look. I expect them to be closer to cities so that they can be around civilization and give the students an opportunity to go out and have fun and do things to alleviate stress off of them. As I have said before, college is the time to make to make responsible adults out of students. It is the time to make mistakes.

    6. Americans expect a university campus to look different than other places (Gumprecht, 2007) and that the campus “expresses something about the quality of academic life, as well as its role as a citizen of the community in which it is located”

      I kind of expect campuses to look similar to the one in the link below. I expect them to be around the city and for them to look urban and new. I expect them the be pretty big; like it'll take an hour to walk around the whole campus. Since I Iive in the modern era, I expect them to be around cities and technology of some sorts. Not to be around no where. I expect campuses to have things for the students to do. College is the time to make mistakes and it is the time to also learn from them all. http://www.gtarc.gatech.edu/

  2. Feb 2017
    1. Recognizing Campus Landscapes as Learning Spaces Kathleen G Scholl, Gowri Betrabet Gulwadi

      Summary: "Recognizing Campus Landscapes as Learning Spaces" by Scholl and Gulwadi, the article talks about the inclusion of nature in college campuses. All campuses need to have learning that is beneficial to all students. The article gives examples of what a holistically designed campus looks like. They discuss how nature actually exercises the mind without tiring it out and give it a refreshing rest. Green space has a way of improving the quality of school work.The article discusses how attention affect learning. Nature has a way of focusing the attention on the work. Open space is necessary to having a great learning area for the students to stay focused on their school work.

    2. Direct attention

      This reminds me of meditating because while meditating you have to clear your mind and just do instead of thinking , you can also visualize on one thing such as a color or an action but you have to focus on that one thing and direct attention actually reminds me of the times where I used to meditate.

    3. spatial patterning

      A spatial pattern is a perceptual structure, placement, or arrangement of objects on Earth. https://www.una.edu/geography/lights_night/step_1.htm

    4. Attention Restoration Theory
    5. American higher education institutions face unique twenty-first century changes and challenges in providing good, holistic learning spaces for the diverse and evolving needs of today’s college student.

      While reading this statement, one would have to think that this is true because in this century there are many changes in the country and schools now. There is so much more diversity in our schools and technology is always improving and refining itself and many of us students always use technology so you would think that the schools would base learning off of technology and with the people you encounter.

  3. www.histarch.illinois.edu www.histarch.illinois.edu
    1. Parting Ways

      Summary: Parting Ways is an article that focuses on archaeological investigation of an African American community in Parting Ways. There are four African Americans that the article focuses on; Cato Howe, Prince Goodwin, Plato Turner, and Quamany. Unfortunately the only things recorded are their service in war up until their deaths. They were slaves but they gained their freedoms. Their lives do not really have much of a tale or a story because they were not recorded. Deetz wants to try to fit the puzzle pieces together by archaeology just to be able figure out the story of the area.

    2. Parting Ways

      Annotated Bibliography Cato Howe (1756 - 1824) - Find A Grave Memorial. (n.d.). Retrieved February 02, 2017 TIME Person of the Year 2015 Runner-Up: Black Lives Matter. (n.d.). Retrieved February 02, 2017 "Archaeology Wordsmith." Archaeology Wordsmith. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2017. H. (2009, May 19). What's a shotgun house? Retrieved February 04, 2017 States' Rights & The Civil War. (n.d.). Retrieved February 02, 2017

    3. Prior to the various emancipation actions, beginning in Massachusetts in 1783 and continuing into the nineteenth century, blacks - 187 - were chattels, property to be disposed of in any way their owners saw fit.

      This quote reminds me of the irony with "Black Lives Matter" In the article it tells of how the black lives matter movement started after George Zimmerman was acquitted of his murder of unarmed teen Trayvon Martin. It is interesting to see how our lives are valued more in these times compared to pre-emancipation times. It is interesting to see a change in a opinion in only a century. I feel like there is only one race and that is the human race. We just have different concentrations of melanin. It is pretty unfair to judge someone off their skin color alone. That irritates me a whole lot. I never asked to be this way, I was just reincarnated into the person I am now. Another thing I was told in class was that your environment affects your phenotype. If I was in the arctic area, my skin would probably be a few shades lighter so it is not really my fault that I am black. It is genetics and my environment around me.

    4. Nothing is known of Cato Howe's early life, before his military service.

      Interesting thing about this quote is that it is true. I googled Cato Howe and there is honestly nothing listed before he was 25 years of age and put into the military."Howe enlisted in the spring of 1775 and served for the entire war in the 2nd Massachusetts (Commander, Colonel John Bailey)." Until he was in the military, none of his records are available." Its just fascinating to know that only his time into the military to the end of his life was only recorded. It is pretty weird why they'd only record that. I would think that they would want to record the live of a man who dedicated his time and efforts into the war. Cato Howe (1756 - 1824) - Find A Grave Memorial. (n.d.). Retrieved February 02, 2017

    5. Nothing is known of Cato Howe's early life, before his military service.

      This quote actually reminds me of my literature class from my senior year of high school. We talked about how in some cases many colored people's early lives were not recorded and that makes it a lot harder to track family history for many people. It is even more troubling to try to connecting their family lineage but they are stuck. For a project, I had to create a huge family tree and I can remember it being very aggravating asking my family members who were my family members pass my great-grandparents. It was so stressful and it took up a huge amount of time. I actually went the whole length of the project because it just took so long to find what I was looking for. I did not even get my 100%, I got a 96%. The treatment of African Americans as nothing but property it utterly disgusting and sad.


      The problem I had with this quote is that the people were freed due to their service in the Revolutionary War. If they were freed, why are they still called negro slaves. They could have called them freed men or at least acknowledge that they are not slaves anymore. I feel as though this is more disrespectful than anything else because the people gained their freedom so they should not be called slaves anymore. To me this kind of relates to the whole black lives matter movement. It isn't fair that we get the minimal recognition for everything we have done for the country. If it were white indentured servants they'd probably be called heroes. The blacks deserve proper recognition. I would want proper recognition after I helped the country get its independence from Great Britain. Especially since I helping the people that stole me from my land and my family. I deserve some type of recognition. TIME Person of the Year 2015 Runner-Up: Black Lives Matter. (n.d.). Retrieved February 02, 2017

    7. terminus post quem

      I stumbled on this phrased so I googled what it means. terminus post quem- a latin phrase that means the end after which---the date after which a stratum, feature, or artifact must have been deposited. I am still unsure by what context to use this word in. "Archaeology Wordsmith." Archaeology Wordsmith. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2017.

    8. These jars were made in the West Indies, and served as sugar containers for shipment to various colonial ports.

      If these jars were made in the west indies, how did they get into an African American civilization. It really boggles my mind of how they were able to obtain these jars. I know for certain if I was a slave I would have no way in the world to obtain these jars. The African Americans could not control shipments so the question is were they gifted the jars? It is really bothering me as to how they have them.

    9. shotgun house

      I googled shotgun house because I literally thought it was a house where you keep guns. I took it a bit too literally but I guess it was more metaphorical than anything else."This style of house is very simple: A typical shotgun house is long and narrow and often don't have windows on the sides (though they almost always do along the front or back) because of the houses' extremely close proximity to one another." H. (2009, May 19). What's a shotgun house? Retrieved February 04, 2017

    10. African Americans who were free of those constraints which might have been imposed on them under the institution of slavery.

      Did any of these men experience racism during their time at Parting Ways? It was around the time of slavery and I wonder if they had any troubling moments because even though they served their time in the war, I am sure some people gave them a hard time since they were African American.

    11. The more northerly one consisted of two sugar jars, a stoneware jug, miscellaneous pressed glass objects,

      The fact that they were instilled in slavery during their lives, they till kept African traditions. I find that very interesting. Many times when I think about slavery I think that there could be times where your will is broken and you just follow the culture that is being enforced onto you. I'm pretty sure I would have kept some of item that symbolizes my heritage because I can be somewhat of a rebel at times where I fight in something I believe in. It can be to the point that I get really hard headed. I find it interesting that they kept a piece of their natural culture with them. It is like I am looking at some of my qualities in myself in four other deceased people.

    12. While the state saw to it that these people were free, it did little or nothing to provide for their new needs, and subsistence, employment, and housing were difficult to come by.

      This quotes reminds me little of the action of states' rights. The states often find loop holes so they do not have to do something all the way. An example would be during the time that colored people were allowed to vote they decided to make them take literacy tests in order to stop them from voting. Also I learned in the article "States’ Rights & The Civil War" one of the causes of the Civil War was states' right clashing with the political power of the federal government. It is really interesting to see how this is similar to states rights as not giving these people their needs even though they are seen as free. It is sort of like an early echo of the civil rights era. States' Rights & The Civil War. (n.d.). Retrieved February 02, 2017