34 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2019
    1. potential for cheating

      Similar to mutualistic relationships in the animal world - they occur most when cheating (one species getting the benefit from another without giving any benefit) is averted.

    2. both human and nonhuman life are harmed

      Usually, the ones most responsible for that pollution are the ones least affected by it.

    3. March 2011

      To be fair, that wasn't long after the 2008 crisis.

    4. motivation

      Good quality of ecosystem services: they combine conservation interests and other human interests together, and even help mitigate negative human-environmental impact.

    5. damaging

      Ex: DDT on eagle and peregrine eggs.

    6. the fact that it may disadvantage them

      Since humans are overpopulated, becoming a more sustainable species is definitely not going to happen at total benefit to people (of course, that gets into many different ethical debates and awful examples of this in history). The most (only) ethical solution would be to have fewer children, but even with that, conservation biology comes into conflict with economic standpoints.

    7. key but too often neglected dimension of conservation

      Which is why people's ideas of how they're connected to or relate to nature are so vital.

    8. associated with the success of community-based conservation efforts

      If only scientists put efforts towards conservation, we would be in a lot of trouble.

    9. environmental science

      I'm surprised this was suggested in 2012 and not earlier, I would think that environmental science would definitely be seen as its own discipline by then.

    10. ecological dynamics cannot be separated from human dynamics

      I think the idea of being separate and distinct from nature has contributed to a lot of the problematic attitudes a number of individuals have about our relationship to our environment - outdoor recreation, therefore, is not only good for us, it's good for nature as well in the long run, by changing how we view our relationship to it.

    1. relatively het- erozygous individuals are frequently more fit than relatively homozygous

      Also known as overdominance!

    2. estimate the (effective) number of individuals needed to maintain a species' long- term genetic fitness

      I wonder if there's a model built to tell this?

    3. egalitarianism and equal rights among species

      Although I'm not vegetarian myself, I'm pretty sure that vegans, vegetarians, and animal rights activists have followed that same line of thought as well.

    4. Evolution is good

      The evolution of viruses and superbugs - less good.

    5. wilderness over gardens

      For old-growth forest over pine plantations

    6. depauperate

      "(of a flora, fauna, or ecosystem) lacking in numbers or variety of species"

    7. the spe- cies or the cause of conservation

      Really? It seems like we do this a fair amount with endangered species, or in the context of wildlife rehabilitation.

    8. Such a statement cannot be tested or proven

      I'd contest that, I think individual studies have slowly and slightly proven and tested that 'diversity is good' over time in the past, so that today most biologists support that as a general truth.

    9. isolated

      Too isolated to colonize from outside sources, not isolated enough to speciate.

    10. the size of nature re- serves

      AKA the national parks we have today aren't going to save all species.

    11. random disappearance of resources or habitats will occur fre- quently in small sites but rarely, if ever, in large ones

      Reminds me of the Single Large or Several Small/SLOSS debate on habitat patch size.

    12. phytophagous

      A thesaurus' way to say herbivore, or feeding on plants.

    13. every species is essential for community function

      I don't think that every species is essential, but I do think that it's impossible for a species to be added to or taken out of a community and no effect to result from that.

    14. but mutualis- tic relationships are frequent

      In a way, you could almost say that some predator-prey dynamics are mutualistic - the prey species keeps the predator alive, obviously, but the predator keeps the prey species in check so they don't overpopulate, overconsume their limiting resources, and become bogged down by disease

    15. benign neglect

      Never thought I would ever think of this as not an oxymoron, but it makes sense.

    16. multi- disciplinary approaches will ultimate- ly be the most fruitful

      Makes sense - the more information we have, the better we can understand something (of course, that also means the more information we have to wade through, like introns and exons on a DNA strand)

    17. ductionism

      Reductionism: "the practice of analyzing and describing a complex phenomenon in terms of phenomena that are held to represent a simpler or more fundamental level, especially when this is said to provide a sufficient explanation" or rather, many biologists are interested in the big picture rather than smaller details for how ecosystems work.

    18. fisheries bi- ology, forestry, and wildlife manage- ment

      It seems like the first two fields are more interested in (or at least have roots in) their dominant subject for human purposes - making sure we have enough lumber to build with and fish to fish out, rather than protecting forests and aquatic ecosystems for the sake of protecting them.

    19. social science disciplines

      Hence why the conservation biology has a boatload of non-science requirements!

    20. crisis-oriented disci- plines

      One of my summer field station professors said something similar to this - he had the opinion that there's a great deal of knowledge we can gain from simply studying how species and communities and landscapes work, but even better is doing something with all that knowledge to actively help the wildlife that we study.

    21. cancer

      In this analogy, are humans the cancer? Or are we like cigarettes or PCBs, a cause?

    22. re being asked for advic

      The unfortunate paradox of conservation biology - as conservation issues and climate change's effects grow and become more devastating, conservation biologists are almost benefited, as demand grows for their/our work.

    23. s intuition as well as informatio

      With this wording, the author definitely makes it sound like experience is invaluable for accurately gauging and resolving conservation situations (as I've learned from the world of applying to science jobs, experience is a huge part of getting the job, or getting the job done, in this case)

    24. other agents

      Wonder what they mean by other agents, interesting. Maybe they mean, for example, species at risk of going extinct for other reasons besides human impact?