1,854 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. so

      for - definition - food literacy

      definition - food literacy - being informed about our food choices and encourage us to ask questions that help us make healthier decisions for ourselves, family and planet

  2. May 2024
    1. Community of Inquiry framework (Simunich, 2014) can lead to purposeful choices that can facilitate increased teacher-student interaction, promoting increased instructor presence in online courses. In the CoI framework, Teaching Presence includes instructional management, building understanding, and direct instruction.

      Teaching presence - instructional management Building Understanding Direct instruction

      With a rise of AI graders how to you motivate teachers to stay present.

    1. describe the Community of Inquiry as a “conceptual framework that identifies the elements that are crucial prerequisites for a successful higher education experience” (p. 87).  Shea and Bidjerano elaborate that CoI “focuses on the development of an online learning community with an emphasis on the processes of instructional conversations that are likely to lead to epistemic engagement” (p. 544).

      community of inquiry

    2. The Community of Inquiry (CoI) model (Garrison et al., 2000) is the prevailing model in research involving teaching presence.   At its core, CoI is built on constructivist principles rooted in educational theories of Dewey, Vygotsky, and others.  Constructivism is a process of an individual’s construction of knowledge through his/her own experiences and develops in concert with interactions with others (Shea et al., 2005).

      Community of Inquiry

    3. I enrolled in the four-week course and was introduced to the Community of Inquiry (CoI) model designed by Garrison, Anderson, and Archer (2000), which described the concept of interplay between teaching presence, social presence, and cognitive presence.

      community of inquiry definition

    1. ubiquitous

      present, appearing, or found everywhere.

    2. sustenance

      means of sustaining or supporting life or health; nourishment, especially food and drink:

    3. empirical

      based on, concerned with, or verifiable by observation or experience rather than theory or pure logic.

    4. circa

      “Circa” (abbreviated as “ca.”), from Latin “circum” meaning “around,” signals an approximate date or time.

    5. amalgamation

      : the action or process of uniting or merging two or more things :

    1. economies of scope

      for - answer - size of a digital nation - definition - economy of scope

      answer - size of a digital nation - In contrast to nation states with the concept of economy of scale, - in Network states, we have the concept of economy of scope

      definition - economy of scope - for small group through strong alignment of interests and values, to foster close kinship - then expand to other similarly aligned groups with synergies between groups

    1. CoordiNations

      for - definition - Coordi-Nation

      definition - Coordi-Nation - virtual, digital, non-territorial groups of Network States with strong degress of interdependency and kinship and that digitally coordinate their mutual sovereignty - author - Primavera de Filippi

      to - Primavera De Filippi Edcon 2023 talk - The Rise of the Network State and Coordi-Nations - https://hyp.is/3etQygi4Ee-17K-Lej3Fzg/docdrop.org/video/F-ckcvpSttA/

  3. Apr 2024
    1. John kavat zin's definition of mindfulness

      for - definition - mindfulness - Jon Kabat-Zinn

      definition - mindfulness - Jon Kabat-Zinn - awareness that arises through - paying attention on purpose in the present moment - non-judgmentally

    2. there are at least two traditional elements that would be subsumed under this term

      for - definition - mindfulness

      definition - mindfulness - This is a 20th century Western, Buddhist psychology term which has two complimentary aspects - remembering / recollecting (smrti) - hold some mental object in mind and prevent it from drifting away - clear comprehension (samprajanya) - clear knowing through alert awareness - mental surveying / monitoring

    3. bavana which literally means bringing into being

      for - definition - Bhavana - meditation - Sanskrit - samatha - vipassana

      definition - Bhavana - meditation - Sanskrit - https://encyclopediaofbuddhism.org/wiki/Bh%C4%81van%C4%81 - cultivation - samatha-bhāvanā, the cultivation of calm-abiding - stabilizing attention leading to refined states of concentration - vipassanā-bhāvanā, the cultivation of insight<br /> - clearly noting what is arising from moment to moment

    1. under the name of the Prometheus complex

      for - definition - Prometheus complex

      definition - Prometheus complex - All those tendencies which impel us to know - as much as our fathers, more than our fathers - as much as our teachers, more than our teachers - author - Gaston Bachelard

    1. The Symbolosphere, Conceptualiztion, Language and Neo-Dualism

      for - symbolosphere - origins - definition - symbolosphere - definition - physiosphere - definition - neo-dualism - Robert K. Logan - John H. Schumann

      origins - symbolosphere - John H. Schumann introduces the complimentary notions of

      definition - symbolopshere - the non-physical world of symbolic relationships that includes all its thoughts and communication processes such as language

      definition - physiosphere - the physical world, including the human brain.

      • This paper introduces these terms in the context of a concept they developed called "neo-dualism",

      definition - neo-dualism - a way pragmatic form of dualism that distinguishes mind and brain in the current understanding of neuroscience that is unable to provide an adequate explanation connecting the two.

    1. It's definition 6 from Merriam-Webster: 6 : strictly limited to a specified thing, place, or idea

      Thanks for pointing to this! There are so many different meaninsg/senses of "proper". That's the one!

    1. A strategy, on the other hand, is a guideline for decisions you make. It defines how an objective will be achieved. For example, if you run a retail store, your goal might be to increase sales. This goal may sound obvious, but how do you achieve it? You can attract new customers, encourage existing customers to buy more, broaden your selection, or advertise more. Each of these options is a different strategy. You could have a promotion strategy, a pricing strategy, a distribution strategy, and more.
    2. Strategic planning is the process you go through to create a vision, a mission, goals, and a plan for your organization for the next three to five years. It includes a review of opportunities and articulation of the elements discussed here, using a structured process that works through them one step at a time.
    1. Learning is distinguished, then, by its more or less explicitintentional character. For this reason, learning is not simply aprocedure, an operation, or an activity but an action. Learningdoes not only have its origin in everyday action but is itself aparticular form of action—and this is why one can rightly talk ofthe act of learning or a learning action.

      Categorizing learning itself as an action is an important step to understanding the difficulties associated with learning digitally. Perhaps the problem with digital tools for learning is that they make the learning process less dynamic, more formulaic and predetermined?



  4. Mar 2024
    1. temporal conscientization” (becoming conscious of historical

      for - definition - temporal conscientization - adjacency - temporal conscientization - Deep Humanity - poly-meta-perma-crisis - terror management - denial of death - Paolo Freire - denial of death - Ernest Becker - terror management - book - Critical Consciousness

      definition - temporal conscientization - introduced by Paolo Freire n his book, temporal conscientization means becoming conscious of historical change, our - past, -present and - futures - For people to intervene in the movement of history, - people need to understand - how they got to where they are now, - the era that they are coming from, but as well to understand - the movements and potentialities of change that are leading to different futures.

      adjacency - between - temporal conscientization - Deep Humanity - poly-meta-perma-crisis - terror management theory - denial of death - adjacency statement - Deep Humanity has always elevated the idea of knowing the past, present and future in order to frame meaning for navigating our future. - This is precisely the awareness of temporal conscientization. - Deep considerations of death, - and subsequently what meaning we can derive from life - is an integral part of the Deep Humanity exercise - A major theme of religions is the afterlife, or some continuation of consciousness after the process of death - In the context of temporal conscientization, - looking and - imagining - what our - individual and - collective future - looks like - the proposal of an afterlife is a terror management strategy to cope with our denial of death - Perhaps the emergence of the present poly-meta-perma-crisis is - a cultural indication to the collective intelligence of the human social superorganism that - the time has come to develop a mature theory of life and death that is - accessible to every member of our species so that - we can put the fragmenting, isolating existential question to rest once and for all

    2. Richard Slaughter came up with a conceptual model called the transformation cycle

      for - Richard Slaughter - transformation cycle - definition - transformation cycle - social norms - construction and deconstruction - social construction

      definition - transformation cycleL - The transformation cycle shows how the social constructions that come to be seen as real - eventually lose their viability over time, - with new - social constructions and - meaning frameworks -emerging. - This process can be described in three steps: - 1. Analysis of the breakdown of inherited meanings. - 2. Reconceptualisation via new myths, paradigms, images etc. - 3. Negotiation and selective legitimation of new - meanings, - images, - behaviours etc.

    3. Epic Times

      for - Epic times - hypernormalization - definition - epic times - gestalt switch - Deep Humanity articulation - hypernormalization - epic times - Rapid whole system change - emptiness - epic times - adjacency - hypernormalization - epic times - Deep Humanity

      definition - epic times - In contrast to hypernormalization, which is the normalization of a state of affairs which is dysfunctional or absurd, epic times is the opposite. - Employing a deep time and space framing, epic times re-situates each of us as an integral, intertwingled component of the universe a cosmic gestalt, woven into the multi scale competency architecture of reality itself invoking feelings of: - awe, - the sacred, - the remarkable

      • In sharp contrast to hypernormalization,
        • where the absurdity or dysfunction of the present is
          • ignored,
          • obscured or
          • suppressed,
        • we can consider that we actually live in “Epic Times”.
        • The times we’re living in are in fact remarkable,
        • and we can play
          • a meaningful and
          • positive role
        • in this drama.
        • These Epic Times are calling forth
          • new ways of being and -new ways of doing
        • from us as
          • individuals and
          • communities.

      adjacency - between - hypernormalization - rapid whole system change - Deep Humanity - adjacency statement - Hypernormalization characterizes the poly-meta-perma-crisis of the anthropocene. - The GESTALT SWITCH in articulating from a hypernormalization to an epic time worldview is the essential meta reframing required to motivate the unprecedented cultural evolution transition modernity must undergo if our species is to reach the next stage of evolution

      reference - see the above annotation on "hypernormalization" - https://hyp.is/iO-mfuzLEe6SOON2-3dLqA/off-planet.medium.com/discovering-the-narratives-that-matter-to-us-327958a2daec

    4. hypernormalization

      for - definition - hypernormalisation - definition - epic times - paradigm shift - eco-anxiety - Deep Humanity articulation - hypernormalization - epic times - Rapid whole system change - emptiness - epic times - gestalt switch - epic times - adjacency - hypernormalization - epic times - Deep Humanity - Alexi Yurchak - hypernormalization

      definition - hypernormalization - the making normal of a state of affairs which is dysfunctional or absurd. - a term coined by the Russian scholar Alexi Yurchak

      adjacency - between - hypernormalization - rapid whole system change - Deep Humanity - adjacency statement - Hypernormalization characterizes the poly-meta-perma-crisis of the anthropocene. - We can articulate the open source Deep Humanity praxis currently under development in the terminology of hypernormalization and epic times: - One way to understand the open source Deep Humanity praxis currently under development is that - Deep Humanity offers a framework to become aware of the Hypernormalization within modernity - Employing an epic times perspective can help provide the necessary GESTALT SWITCH ( a term introduced by Gyuri Lajos) that shifts the current growing eco-anxiety-laden affective landscape from - fear - hopelessness - inaction - confusion - to a broader context which can inspire awe, wonder and resilient meaning

    1. il y a plusieurs définitions des compétences psychosociale et peut-être celle qui est la plus claire c'est la capacité d'une personne à répondre avec efficacité aux exigences et aux épreuve de la vie quotidienne
    1. A tool addresses human needs by amplifying human capabilities.

      how we should interact with our Tools Of The Future?


      Victor, B. (2011). A brief rant on the future of interaction design. Tomado de https://worrydream.com/ABriefRantOnTheFutureOfInteractionDesign/

    1. without science; in the manner of quacks.

      What on earth? How can this word, which in my experience describes precisely the manner that makes something science, at the same time have a meaning that means "without science" and in the manner of a charlatan? I'd never heard of this meaning before...

    1. All well-behaved persons

      The determination of what constituted "well-behaved" under the 1885 Public Accommodations statute was left to the discretion of the proprietors of the theaters, parks, shows, or other public amusements. This meant that the decision could be highly subjective and influenced by the personal biases and racial prejudices.

    2. miscegenation

      Sexual relationships or reproduction between people of different race and ethnic groups, especially when one of them is white.

    1. Myelin, a coating of fatty tissues around the axon of the neuron (Carlson, 2014).
      • insulates nerve and speeds up the impulses between cells while supporting the neural pathways
      • improves coordination, thought process and movement.
      • present in adolescents but most dramatic first years
    2. Synaptic Pruning, where neural connections are reduced thereby making those that are used much stronger
      • helps master our complex skills. experience will determine which connections are kept in our brains.
      • occurs during childhood and adolescence after blooming period
    3. his period of rapid neural growth is referred to as Synaptic Blooming.

      dendrites develop and synaptogenesis occurs

    1. antinomy

      a contradiction between two beliefs or conclusions that are in themselves reasonable; a paradox.

    2. aporia

      In philosophy, an aporia is a philosophical puzzle or a seemingly irresoluble impasse in an inquiry, often arising as a result of equally plausible yet inconsistent premises, i.e. a paradox. It can also denote the state of being perplexed, or at a loss, at such a puzzle or impasse.



  5. Feb 2024
    1. si on se réfère à la 00:03:17 définition voyez qui est déjà bien ancienne 1946 publié en 48 je crois d'ailleurs de l'OMS qui nous dit que la santé c'est pas simplement une absence de maladie et on a un peu eu tendance à 00:03:30 l'oublier depuis ces années covid ou c'est vraiment protégé pour la maladie mais on s'est aperçu que c'était bien plus large que ça et pourtant vous voyez 46 on était déjà au clair là-dessus la santé c'est du bien-être et le mot 00:03:45 bien-être est dans la définition du bien-être physique effectivement pas avoir de maladies mais c'est aussi du bien-être psychologique et c'est aussi du bien-être social psychologique ou 00:03:56 mental c'est la même chose et du bien-être social ces trois bien-être constituent la santé donc s'occuper du bien-être des élèves c'est aussi s'occuper de leur santé
    1. think of lat space as similar to what humans have with like 00:24:30 abstract ideas or if you ever have some intuition about something that you can't fully put into words

      for - definition - latent space

      definition - latent space

      adjacency - between - latent space - tacit awareness in the indyweb - adjacency statement - Latent space is similar to the concept of tacit awareness in the Indyweb

    1. Qualified education expenses paid on behalf of the student by someone other than the student (such as a relative) are treated as paid by the student.

      Does Tuition paid for graduate students by the professor (from research grants) count as a third party?

    1. partnership-domination scale, here is a quick summary

      for - definition - partnership-domination scale - definition - unified regressive frame

        1. Neuroscience shows that children’s early
        2. observations and
        3. experiences
      • directly affect the structure of our brains, and with this, how we
        • think,
        • feel, and
        • act
      • including how we vote.

        1. These
        2. observations and
        3. experiences
      • are very different depending on the degree that our early environments orient to the
        • partnership or
        • domination
      • end of the partnership-domination social scale.
    1. there's 00:16:20 something that in Psychology is called the fundamental attribution error

      for - definition - fundamental attribution error

      definition - fundamental attribution error - a psychological condition in which an individual attrbutes a human behavior to an internal characteristic instead of environmental circumstances

    2. other cultures do not think this and that suggests that our sense of self is largely culturally constructed

      for - quote - Sarah Stein Lubrano - quote - self as cultural construction in WEIRD culture - sense of self

      quote - (immediately below)

      • It's just a weird fascination of our weird culture that
        • we think the self is there and
        • it's the best and most likely explanation for human behavior
      • Other people in other cultures do not think this
      • and that suggests that our sense of self is largely culturally constructed

      discussion - sense of self is complex. See the work of - Michael Levin and - https://jonudell.info/h/facet/?max=100&expanded=true&user=stopresetgo&exactTagSearch=true&any=michael+levin - Major Evolutionary Transition in Individuality - https://jonudell.info/h/facet/?max=100&expanded=true&user=stopresetgo&exactTagSearch=true&any=major+evolutionary+transition+in+individuality

    3. one of the core ways that we're weird is that we think we have a self

      for - definition - Weird - stats - Weird countries - greatest sense of self - inspiration - introduce - Sarah Stein Lubrano - Rachell - Indyweb - Indranet

      definition - Weird - Western Educated Industrialized Rich Democratic

      inspiration - introduce Rachel and Sarah to Indyweb / Indranet - As soon as I heard Rachel and Sarah talk about the prominent and unique WEIRD feature of sense of self, - I immediately thought that we must introduce them to our work on the Indyweb / |ndranet as our system is designed based on the epistemology that - we are not a thing - we are a process - we are evolution in realtime action - the very use of the Indyweb / Indranet reinforces the reality that we are a process and not a fixed entity - so deconstructs the social construct of the self

    1. Second-order thinking is the practice of not just considering the consequences of our decisions but also the consequences of those consequences.


  6. Jan 2024
    1. So organized, initiatives can collectively co-evolve and co-emerge into a purposeful transformation system oriented towards whole system change

      for - quote - whole system change - bottom up whole system change - open function SRG/ Deep Humanity/ Indyweb / Indranet / TPF framework - definition - transformation catalyst

      quote - (see below) - A transformation catalyst is an actor who - brings together numerous initiatives and actors around a shared and co-defined set of interests - with an action agenda in mind. - The TC stewards these actors through a set of three general (dialogue- and action-based) processes that can be adapted - to the unique context, needs, and interests - of each system and its players. - So organized, initiatives can collectively co-evolve and co-emerge - into a purposeful transformation system - oriented towards whole system change in a given context (which could happen - locally, - regionally, - bioregionally, or even more broadly - depending on the actors and orientations involved

    1. in most colonizing countries, powerful elites have exploited and abused their own people as well, and that in all countries, powerful elites still seek to dominate

      for - new SRG definition of global and local North or South respectively could be helpful here - https://medium.com/@gien_SRG/more-nuanced-terminology-for-post-colonialist-inequality-af2f1609635c

    1. The second thing we are missing is our need to grow beyond our predominantly postmodern worldview

      for - key insight - polycrisis - solving - postmodernism alone if insufficient

      definition - postmodernism - worldview that champions decentralization, diversity, leaderless coalitions, horizontal networks, etc., etc. author: John Bunzl

      claim - post modernism alone is no match for the dynamics of hierarchical Destructive Global Capitalism (DGC) - unity of required amongst the fragmented postmodern movements

    1. stymied

      stymied: prevent or hinder the progress of

    2. anthropomorphize

      anthropomorphize: attribute human characteristics or behaviour to (a god, animal, or object)

    3. Ameliorating

      ameliorating: make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better.

    4. consternation

      consternation: amazement or dismay that makes one feel helpless or confused

    5. amalgam

      amalgam: a mixture or blend

    1. each moment in the life history of a flower say 00:49:28 is inheriting god's primordial nature whitehead calls this the initial aim

      for - definition - God - Whitehead - definition - initial aim - Whitehead

      definition - God - Whitehead - The primordial creature is called "God" by Whitehead - by "creature", Whitehead means creativity, not a literal organism

      definition - initial aim - Whitehead - Every moment of the life history of any aspect of reality is inheriting God's primordial nature. - This inheritance gives each finite creature the filtered realm of infinite relevant possibilities

    2. i want to now uh introduce the key concept in in whitehead's mature metaphysics concrescence

      for - key insight - concrescence - definition - concrescence - Whitehead - definition - The many become the one - Whitehead - definition - Res Potentia - Tim Eastman - definition - superject - Whitehead - definition - moment of satisfaction - Whitehead - definition - dipolar - Whitehead - definition - ingression - Whitehead definition - CONCRESCENCE - is the description of the phases of the iterative process by which reality advances from the past into the present then into the future - this definition is metaphysical and applies to all aspects of reality

      • Concrescence is the process by which

          • The "many" here refers to the past
          • the perished objects in the past environment
      • There's another domain that whitehead makes reference to

        • He's a platonist in this sense, though he's a reformed platonist
        • He makes reference to this realm of eternal objects which for him are pure possibilities
        • i was mentioning Tim Eastman earlier
          • He calls this domain "RES POTENTIA", the realm of possibilities which have not yet been actualized
      • And so for Whitehead
        • the realm of possibility is infinite
        • the realm of actuality is finite
      • In the realm of actuality, there's a limited amount of certain types of experience which have been realized
        • but the realm of actuality draws upon this plenum of possibility and
        • it's because there is this plenum of possibility in relationship to the realm of actuality that
        • novelty is possible
        • new things can still happen we're not just constantly repeating the past
      • Whitehead describes the process of concrescence or each drop of experience as DIPOLAR, having two poles:

        • a physical pole and
        • a mental pole
      • Each concrescence or drop of experience begins with the physical pole

        • where the perished objects of the past environment are apprehended or felt and
        • these feelings of the past grow together into this newly emerging drop of experience
        • and then in the process of their growing together
          • the actualized perished objects of the past environment
          • are brought into comparison with eternal objects or pure potentials possibilities and
          • these possibilities INGRESS so there's
            • INGRESSION of eternal objects and
          • PREHENSION of past actualities
          • INGRESSION of potentials PREHENSIONS of past actualities
      • and what the ingression of eternal objects do is provide each occasion of experience, each concrescence with

        • the opportunity to interpret the past differently
      • to say maybe it's not like that maybe it's like this
      • and so these ingressions come into the mental pole
      • If the physical pole is what initiates the experience of each concrescing occasion

        • the mental pole is is a subsequent process that compares
          • what's been felt in the past with
          • what is possible alternatives that could be experienced that are not given yet in the past
      • The subjective form is how the occasion fills the past

      • The subjective aim is what draws the many feelings of the past towards the unification and the mental pole
        • where
          • the ingression of eternal objects and
          • the feelings of past actualities
        • are brought together into what Whitehead calls this MOMENT OF SATISFACTION
      • it's the culmination of the process of concrescence
        • where a new perspective on the universe is achieved - This is the many have become one
      • They are increased by one when the satisfaction is achieved
      • It's a new perspective on the whole
      • As soon as this new perspective is achieved
        • it becomes a SUPERJECT which is not a subject enjoying its own experience anymore
        • it's a perished subject
      • The superject is the achieved perspective that has been experienced
        • but then perishes itself int a superject-hood to become
        • one among the many that will be inherited by the next moment of experience, the next concrescence and
      • This superject has objective immortality in the sense that
        • every subsequent concrescence will inherit the satisfaction achieved by the prior concrescences
      • And so this is the most general account in Whitehead's view that we can offer

        • of the nature of reality
        • the nature of the passage of nature
        • the movement
          • out of the past
          • through the present and
          • into the future
      • Experience is always in the present and the satisfaction that is achieved by each moment of concrescence is enjoyed in the present

        • but as soon as we achieve that
        • it perishes and the next moment of concrescence arises to inherit what was achieved
        • and this is an iterative process
        • it's repeating constantly and it's cumulative
      • It's a process of growth
        • building on what's been achieved in the past
    3. objectively immortal

      for - definition - objectively immortal - Whitehead

      definition - objectively immortal - Whitehead - the effect of large scale events that occurred in deep time are with us today - because the universe is evolutionary in nature, building upon the past

    4. there's a little bit of novelty that each drop of experience adds to the network out of which it emerges from

      for - definition - drop of experience - Whitehead

    5. prehension

      for - definition - prehension - Whitehead

      definition - prehension - defined by Alfred North Whitehead - the feeling that each node of an idea network have for one another

      • Think of it as short for comprehension
      • Comprehension usually implies more of a conscious sort of rational reflective understanding
      • When Whitehead shortens that to prehension

        • he's trying to get at something that is not yet conscious

        • certainly not self-reflective

        • but more of an aesthetic feeling of being permeated by the presence of the other beings
        • in an environment without yet reflecting on the fact

      pre-linguistic - see epoche as well, seems related - like the word-less intuition before a precise word is formed to capture the new permutation of salient defining experiences

      • So apprehension or feeling is a kind of unconscious apprehension
      • So our conscious forms of apprehension or comprehension
        • are a further elaboration upon a much more basic form of apprehension / feeling
        • that Whitehead argued pervades the universe at every scale
    1. Lifeboat country

      for - definition - lifeboat country

      definition - lifeboat country - a country with good climate protection plans but are also geographically isolated and somewhat self-sustaining

    2. researchers call it the human climate Niche

      for - definition - human climate niche

    1. the other uh the other type of pansexism is what Chris and and um and Carl friston are doing which is 00:48:04 to reformulate basic physics as fundamentally first a uh a proto-cognitive process

      for - definition - proto-cognitive panpsychism

      definition - proto-cognitive panpsychism - this holds that physics itself is an edge phenomena of a much deeper underlying reality which has an element of cognition

    2. Kevin Mitchell says in one of his books free agents he talks about I 00:27:10 move therefore I am is that yeah yeah no that's that's that's that's exactly right and all the work on um uh uh active inference

      for - definition - consciousness - active inference

      definition - consciousness - active inference - In Levin's opinion, one important aspect of defining consciousness that seems generally overlooked is outputs - actions - active inference is a field that deals with the actions that result from intelligence - currently, there is a greater focus on the input / perception side of consciousness but not as strong a focus on the output / action side

    3. it's a field of diverse intelligence

      for - definition - diverse intelligence

      definition - diverse intelligence - developing a framework that encompasses the wide field of intelligence of living systems

    1. thus we have a very highly developed system designed to overcome the limitations in ordinary human perception

      for - key insight - adjacency between - dzogchen training - trekcho - cutting through training - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trekch%C3%B6 - togal - https://www.rigpawiki.org/index.php? title=T%C3%B6gal - cognitive science - evolutionary biology - adjacency statement - It is very interesting that we find parallels between - Dzogchen practice and - our consciousness's attempt to overcome the limits of its own perceptions of reality

    2. the dzogchen contemplative system brings about extraordinary results that merit further research

      for - definition - Dzogchen - Great Perfection

      • definition - Dzogchen - The Great Perfection
      • Dzogchen is one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism
        • The Great Perfection claims that everything is pure from the beginning
        • every moment is an emanation of a temporal origin
    1. JasperMcFly 10:38AM Flag I guess we need to collectively decide what the default meaning of "Zettelkasten" is. Given that Luhmann's version, and its digital variants are popular now, I would vote that the use of Zettelkasten therefore means the Luhmann version- as that is what most people are referring to at this point. Which begs the question: What are the sine qua non features of a Luhmannian Zettelkasten and related workflow? What features from his analog workflow and systematic numbering and linking and indexing must be present in hybrid or digital instantiations to qualify as a "Luhmannian Zettelkasten"?

      reply to https://forum.zettelkasten.de/discussion/comment/19278/#Comment_19278

      @JasperMcFly I'll presume that given the time differential, you may have missed my post just before yours which touches on the frivolity of the proposition of creating a single definition?

      Most on this forum are going to presume that zettelkasten is precisely a slipbox in a similar form to that of Luhmann, but in practice some here and many elsewhere aren't going to see the distinction (or care). Some will unpopularly insist that a zettelkasten cannot be digital in form, but they'll also do so while simultaneously (heterodoxically and confusingly?) suggesting that one should use Wikipedia's Academic Outline of Disciplines, an idea which didn't exist during Luhmann's life.

      You can make an attempt to force a definition, but I guarantee that it's a losing proposition as in practice people are going to use the word in almost any way they want—whatever you do, don't trust Humpty Dumpty's definition. It's the difference between prescriptive and proscriptive definitions. It can be seen in your very question if you look closely at your own phrase "beg the question", which in classic rhetoric means something very specific going back centuries, but in common use it has a dramatically different meaning. As ever, context will always be the king on these questions of definition, though some of us are still converging on a happy commonality.

      For a bit more history here, try The Two Definitions of Zettelkasten.

    1. Which is exactly what you do in the book. And what did you find? - So what I do, I take apart the operating system of capitalism, which is, and I look at seven myths, really that drive it.
      • for: book - wealth supremacy - 7 myths, 7 myths of Capitalism, capital bias, definition - capital bias


        • The Myth of Maximization
          • example of absurdity of maximization
            • Bill Gates had $10 billion. Then he invested it and got $300 billion. There's no limit to how much wealth an individual can accumulate. It is absurd.
        • Myth of the Income Statement
          • Gains to capital called profit is always to be increased and
          • Gains of labor is called an expense, is always to be decreased
        • Myth of Materiality (also called capital bias)
        • definition: capital bias
          • If something impacts capital, it matters
          • If something impacts society or ecology, it doesn't matter
        • With the capital bias, only accumulating more capital matters. NOTHING ELSE MATTERS. This is how most accountants and CFO's view the world.
      • quote: Laura Flanders

        • The capital is what matters. We're aiming for more capital and nothing else really matters. That's the operating system of the economy. So the real world is immaterial to this world of wealth as held in stocks and shares and financial instruments.
    2. Are there things that happened that allowed those investors to keep so much of this money just for themselves rather than to reinvest it back in? 00:07:33 - This is where I bring in the concept of wealth supremacy because the whole system is designed to maximize financial income for those who have financial wealth, which is the wealthy, also institutional investors.
      • for: definition - wealth supremacy

      • definition: wealth supremacy

        • is the condition of an economic system that is purposely designed so that those already in possession of a great deal of wealth can at the minimum maintain their share, but more proactively to grow it
        • by definition, wealth supremacy is designed to maintain inequality
        • since carbon inequality tracks wealth inequality, this system is designed to maintain climate injustice
  7. Dec 2023
    1. I-CIRCLE ... find the right people and found the Implementation-CircleWhen funding is granted, you as the initiator together with the SoNeC Facilitator identify potential mem-bers and create an Implementation Circle for the whole city which consists of 10 – 12 people
      • for: definition - I-Circle, city-scale group

      • definition: I-Circle

        • The I-Circle is the Implementation Circle for the whole city and consists of a dozen people
    2. SoNeC Initiators
      • for: definition - SoNeC initiators

      • definition: SoNeC initiators

        • a stakeholder that takes the risk of starting the SoNeC in their community

        • 3 types:

          • NGOs and existing initiatives
          • Local government
          • Citizens
    3. Collective Impact Network
      • for: definition - Collective Impact Network

      • definition: Collective Impact Network

        • a network of well connected organizations and community stakeholders in the same region as the SoNeC who can work synergistically with SoNeCs to achieve common goals
    1. Diagonalists
      • for: definition - diagonalists

      -definition: diagonalist - A person who contests conventional monikers of left and right (while generally arcing toward far-right beliefs), to express ambivalence if not cynicism toward parliamentary politics, and to blend convictions about holism and even spirituality with a dogged discourse of individual liberties. At the extreme end, diagonal movements share a conviction that all power is conspiracy. - author: Callison and Slobodian

    2. strange-bedfellow coalitions
      • for: definition - stranger bedfellows coalition
    1. Kaizen is a compound of two Japanese words that together translate as "good change" or "improvement."
      • for: definition - Kaizen, progress

      • definition: Kaizen:

        • good change or improvement = progress
        • It's still subject to progress traps
    1. The dimension of the configuration space is the smallest number of parameters that have to be given to completely specify a configuration. The dimension of the configuration space is also called the number of degrees of freedom of the system.4

      Definition of degrees of freedom of a system

    2. The parameters used to specify the configuration of the system are called the generalized coordinates.

      Definition, generalised coordinates

    1. Benchmarking is the practice of comparing business processes and performance metrics to industry bests and best practices from other companies. Dimensions typically measured are quality, time and cost.
    2. Benchmarking Python code refers to comparing the performance of one program to variations of the program.
    1. What is parallelism?

      Parallelism is very-much related to concurrency. In fact, parallelism is a subset of concurrency: whereas a concurrent process performs multiple tasks at the same time whether they're being diverted total attention or not, a parallel process is physically performing multiple tasks all at the same time.

    2. What does it mean when something is non-blocking?

      "Non-blocking" means a program will allow other threads to continue running while it's waiting. This is opposed to "blocking" code, which stops execution of your program completely. Normal, synchronous I/O operations suffer from this limitation.

    3. What is a thread?

      A thread is a way of allowing your computer to break up a single process/program into many lightweight pieces that execute in parallel. Somewhat confusingly, Python's standard implementation of threading limits threads to only being able to execute one at a time due to something called the Global Interpreter Lock (GIL). The GIL is necessary because CPython's (Python's default implementation) memory management is not thread-safe. Because of this limitation, threading in Python is concurrent, but not parallel. To get around this, Python has a separate multiprocessing module not limited by the GIL that spins up separate processes, enabling parallel execution of your code. Using the multiprocessing module is nearly identical to using the threading module.

      Asynchronous nature of threading: as one function waits, another one begins, and so on.

    4. What's a callback?

      The idea of performing a function in response to another function is called a "callback."

    5. What is an event loop?

      Event loops are constructs inherent to asynchronous programming that allow performing tasks asynchronously.

      In its purest essence, an event loop is a process that waits around for triggers and then performs specific (programmed) actions once those triggers are met. They often return a "promise" (JavaScript syntax) or "future" (Python syntax) of some sort to denote that a task has been added. Once the task is finished, the promise or future returns a value passed back from the called function (assuming the function does return a value).

    6. What is concurrency?

      An effective definition for concurrency is "being able to perform multiple tasks at once". This is a bit misleading though, as the tasks may or may not actually be performed at exactly the same time. Instead, a process might start, then once it's waiting on a specific instruction to finish, switch to a new task, only to come back once it's no longer waiting. Once one task is finished, it switches again to an unfinished task until they have all been performed. Tasks start asynchronously, get performed asynchronously, and then finish asynchronously.

    1. what is this thing hope because a lot of people dismiss it and say that it's 00:21:01 it's a kind of weak emotion it's distracting it leads us to wishful thinking and so you know what can we what is the thinking about hope and if we apply our scientific lens 00:21:15 to it what can we do perhaps to make it a more powerful and and significant and useful emotion
      • for: definition - hope

      • definition: (robust) hope

        • has three characteristics:
          • honest
          • astute
          • powerful
    1. there's this idea and complexity science called the adjacent possible it's just what the boundary of the beyond the 00:47:26 boundary of the real and the visible
      • for: definition - the adjacent possible

      • definition: the Adjacent possible

        • Inn complexity science, the boundary between between the real and the possible
    2. enough versus feasible dilemma
      • for: definition - enough vs feasible dilemma, double bind, progress trap

      • definition: enough vs feasible dilemma

        • the changes that are actually required are not feasible to do
        • what is feasible to do is not enough
        • this puts us in a double bind
        • we need to have interventions that are BOTH
          • enough to solve these problems and are
          • feasible to execute
    3. what I propose in commanding hope is a uh is a notion of hope that 00:25:30 counter poses to each of those critiques an alternative understanding of Hope hope that's honest instead of false astute instead of naive and Powerful instead of passive
      • for: definition - robust hope, robust hope triplet

      • definition: robust hope

      • honest instead of false
        • astute instead of naive
        • powerful instead of passive
    4. the Cascade Institute we're interested in two kinds of Cascades
      • for: cascades - two types, pernicious cascades, virtuous cascades, definition - pernicious cascade, definition - virtuous cascade

      • definition - pernicious cascade

        • knock on effects between systems that produce a level of significant harm to society
      • definition - virtuous cascade
        • knock on effects between systems that produce beneficial impacts for society
    1. persistent homology

      Persistent homology is a method for computing topological features of a space at different spatial resolutions. It is used to detect more persistent features over a wide range of spatial scales and identify them as more likely to be significant, as opposed to noise or a particular choice of parameters. To find the persistent homology of a space, the space must first be represented as a simplicial complex, and a distance function on the underlying space corresponds to a filtration of the simplicial complex. The essence of persistent homology is to track the birth and death of homological features, providing a robust and informative way to study qualitative features of data that persist across different spatial scales. It is a valuable tool in topological data analysis, as it is robust to perturbations of input data, independent of dimensions and coordinates, and provides a compact representation of the qualitative features of the input.

    1. the term that I'm knocking around at the moment for you know something which isn't a green New Deal de growth is a 00:32:28 green Democratic Revolution
      • for: definition - green democratic revolution

      • definition: green democratic revolution

        • Schneider proposes this strategy is more pragmatic than either green growth or degrowth. The words are chosen carefully:
          • green - obvious
          • democratic - authentic equal power of the people
          • revolution - because we are at the precipice, a fast evolution, a rEVOLUTION is necessary
        • He finds both of these current approaches problematic:
          • green growth employs the same elite debt-based growth logic that contributed to the fossil growth economy
          • degrowth is a terrible term for climate communications which brings the wrong immediate connotations to the masses so creates unnecessary friction at the outset for any strategy that needs to win over the masses.
    1. soporific

      tending to induce drowsiness or sleep

    2. ecumenical

      of, relating to, or representing the whole of a body of churches

    3. theology

      the study of the nature of God and religious belief.

    4. quackmedicines

      the promotion of unproven or fraudulent medical practices.

    5. sacerdotal

      relating to priests or the priesthood; priestly

    6. geomancy

      the art of placing or arranging buildings or other sites auspiciously. 2. divination from configurations seen in a handful of earth thrown on the ground, or by interpreting lines or textures on the ground.

    7. skepticism

      the theory that certain knowledge is impossible.

    8. pseudoscience

      a collection of beliefs or practices mistakenly regarded as being based on scientific method.

    9. superstition

      a belief or practice resulting from ignorance, fear of the unknown, trust in magic or chance, or a false conception of causation. b. : an irrational abject attitude of mind toward the supernatural, nature, or God resulting from superstition

    10. hereditary

      determined by genetic factors and therefore able to be passed on from parents to their offspring or descendants.

    11. propensities

      an inclination or natural tendency to behave in a particular way.

      • for: futures - neo-Venetian crypto-networks, Global Chinese Commons, GCC, cosmolocal, coordiNation, somewheres, everywheres, nowheres, Global System One, Global System Two, Global System Three, contributory accounting, fourth sector, protocol cooperative, mutual coordination economics

      • summary

      • learned something new
        • I learned a number of new ideas from reading Michel's article. He gives a brief meta-history of our political-socio-economic system, using Peter Pogany's framework of Global System One, Two and Three and within this argues for why a marriage of blockchain systems and cosmolocal production systems could create a "fourth sector" for the transition to Global System Three.
        • He cites evidence of existing trends already pointing in this direction, drawing from his research in P2P Foundation
    1. If the Somewheres are the locally rooted people, and the Nowheres are digital nomads who have lost their connection to such local communities, then the Everywhere’s are those that are able to connect, and enrich the local through their connection with the global.
      • for: definition - somewheres - nowheres - everywheres
    2. protocol cooperatives
      • for: definition - protocol cooperative, question - protocol cooperative

      • question: protocol cooperative

        • this seems to be the same definition as cosmolocal. Why not call it a cosmolocal cooperative?
    3. Humans however, do not just need bread and butter, they need identity and belonging just as much, if not more, hence the emergence of what I believe we can best call, at this moment of history, ‘CoordiNations’.
      • for: portmanteau - coordiNation, definition - coordiNations
    4. Global System Two
      • for: definition - Global System Two
    5. Global System One
      • for: definition - Global System One
    1. what you're referring to is the idea that people come together and through language culture and story they have narratives that then create their own realities like the 00:12:04 sociologist abely the sociologist wi Thomas said if people think people believe things to be real then they are real in their consequences
      • for: Thomas Theorem, The definition of the situation, William Isaac Thomas, Dorothy Swain Thomas, definition - Thomas Theorem, definition - definition of the situation, conflicting belief systems - Thomas theorem, learned something new - Thomas theorem

      • definition: Thomas Theorem

      • definition: definition of the situation
        • "The Thomas theorem is a theory of sociology which was formulated in 1928 by William Isaac Thomas and Dorothy Swaine Thomas:

      If men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences.[1]

      In other words, the interpretation of a situation causes the action. This interpretation is not objective. Actions are affected by subjective perceptions of situations. Whether there even is an objectively correct interpretation is not important for the purposes of helping guide individuals' behavior.|

  8. Nov 2023
    1. talking about a double overshoot and that language isn't well established in the literature yet that 00:06:58 folks get the overshoot that is ecological that we're in ecological overshoot but they don't understand that we're also in cultural and even civilizational overshoot and those are 00:07:10 new concepts that are just emerging they're not well established in the literatur
      • for: double overshoot, definition - double overshoot

      • definition: double overshoot

        • ecological and cultural overshoot
    1. permanent security”
      • for: definition - permanent security, examples - permanent security

      • definition: permanent security

        • Extreme responses by states to security threats, enacted in the name of present and future self defence.
        • Permanent security actions target entire civilian populations under the logic of ensuring that terrorists and insurgents can never again represent a threat. It is a project, in other words, that seeks to avert future threats by anticipating them today.
      • example: permanent security

        • Russian-Ukraine war
          • Vladimir Putin reasons that Ukraine must be forcibly returned to Russia so that it cannot serve as a launching site for NATO missiles into Russia decades from now.
        • Myanmar-Rohingya conflict
          • The Myanmarese military sought to squash separatism by expelling and killing the Rohingya minority in 2017
        • China-Uyghur conflict
          • China sought to pacify and reeducate Muslim Uyghurs by mass incarceration to forestall their striving for independence forever
        • Israel-Palestine conflict
          • Israel seeks to eliminate Hamas as a security threat once and for all after the 2023 Hamas attack on Israel
        • US-Iraq-Afghanistan
          • The US sought to eliminate Saddam Hussein's nuclear capabilities and to eliminate Osama Bin Laden for his bombing of the World Trade center.
    1. dans un monde numérique connecté, exister signifie être éditorialisé.

      Est-ce que ça ne s'applique pas aussi dans la première définition?

    2. ce qui signifie, en somme, que toute pratique visant à comprendre, à organiser ou à interpréter le monde, est un acte d'éditorialisation.

      si je comprend bien, toute action entreprit dans un environnement numérique est synonyme d'éditorialisation. Reste une définition très large

    3. L'éditorialisation désigne l'ensemble des dynamiques qui produisent et structurent l'espace numérique. Ces dynamiques sont les interactions des actions individuelles et collectives avec un environnement numérique particulier.
    1. “Insider Principle” of game design makes gameplay unique and builds on thestrengths that players bring to the game:
    2. Gamification is the application of complex game elements in non-game contexts.
    3. transfer is “a dynamic activity through which students . . . actively make use of priorknowledge as they respond to new writing tasks”
    1. the word dharma before buddha meant something like law religion something that holds you in a pattern holds you like traps you in a pattern where you can bear to live or something like that 00:03:49 but buddha said dharma means reality holds you in freedom from suffering he flipped the meaning into the opposite meaning where it holds you in freedom
      • for: definition - dharma

      • definition: dharma

        • the Buddha flipped the meaning - dharma means reality holds you in freedom from suffering
    1. epoche is a form of suspense of judgment -- a way to let the phenomena speak while `bracketing' the usual presuppositions that are in force in any given situation.
      • for: definition - epoche, bracketing

      • definition: epoche

        • the epoche is a form of suspense of judgment,
        • a way to let the phenomena speak while `bracketing' the usual presuppositions that are in force in any given situation.
    1. there are people who are diminishers and they're illuminators the diminishers are not curious about other people they 00:11:09 stereotype they ignore they don't ask questions
      • for: personality types - diminishers and illuminators, definition - illuminator, definition - diminisher

      • definition: illuminator

        • a curious, empathetic person who genuinely listens to you, pays attention to you, asks questions, make you feel heard, seen and acknowledged. In short, they treat others as sacred
      • definition: diminisher

        • a person who has lost sight of the sacred and are not interested in others. They are not curious about others, stereotype, ignore and don't ask questions. They make you feel unheard, unseen and unacknowledged.
    1. the answer to the question what is experience is rather simple my experience is made of the sensations 00:10:43 feelings emotions thoughts and actions that i live instant after instant
      • for: definition, definition of experience, question, question - what is experience?

      • question : experience

        • what use experience?

      definition: experience - it just the sum of the sensations feelings emotions thoughts and actions that i live instant after instant

    1. alterity
      • for: learned a new word

      • definition: alterity

        • Merriam Webster
          • OTHERNESS specifically : the quality or state of being radically alien to the conscious self or a particular cultural orientation
    1. I'm in the same boat haha I enjoyed some parts of Obsidian but came back to Notion due to the user experience. I use a Zettelkasten system in the sense of a daily note but the big part that was missing for me was the ability to query all your todos into one view which I had to build an integration for. I talk about it more here if you're interested: https://www.reddit.com/r/Notion/comments/17kfm1k/aggregating_all_todos_into_one_view/

      via u/mannyocean at https://www.reddit.com/r/Notion/comments/17mg82a/zettelkasten_in_notion/

      He seems to define "zettelkasten" in a productivity sense and not in the currently broader Luhmannian sense.

    1. An identifier embodies the information required to distinguish what is being identified from all other things within its scope of identification. Our use of the terms "identify" and "identifying" refer to this purpose of distinguishing one resource from all other resources, regardless of how that purpose is accomplished (e.g., by name, address, or context).
  9. Oct 2023
    1. geomorphology. That's   my favorite word. I always tell my students this,  I'm like, "If there's just one thing I want you   00:29:44 to learn in this class, if you do never come back,  and you're just here the first two days of class,   geomorphic, conforming to the shape of the land."  This is, in my opinion, the fundamental flaw of   our civilization is that our political boundaries  and our land management units, property boundaries   are not conforming to the shape of the land. Because if they did, then decisions we made would   00:30:15 have an integrated holistic landscape scale impact  instead of a fragmented or fractured impact
      • for: key insight, key insight - Andrew Millison, key insight - geomorphology, quote, quote - Andrew Millison, quote - geomorphology

      • definition: geomorphology, geomorphic

        • geomorphology.is the study of the shape of the land and geomorphic means conforming to the shape of the land.
      • quote: Andrew Millison

        • The fundamental flaw of our civilization is that our political boundaries and our land management units, property boundaries are not conforming to the shape of the land. Because if they did, then decisions we made would have an integrated holistic landscape scale impact instead of a fragmented or fractured impact.
      • date: 2023
    1. Toillustrate this principle, an HTML page typically provides the user with a num-ber of affordances, such as to navigate to a different page by clicking a hyperlinkor to submit an order by filling out and submitting an HTML form. Performingany such action transitions the application to a new state, which provides theuser with a new set of affordances. In each state, the user’s browser retrievesan HTML representation of the current state from a server, but also a selec-tion of next possible states and the information required to construct the HTTPrequests to transition to those states. Retrieving all this information throughhypermedia allows the application to evolve without impacting the browser, andallows the browser to transition seamlessly across servers. The use of hyperme-dia and HATEOAS is central to reducing coupling among Web components, andallowed the Web to evolve into an open, world-wide, and long-lived system.In contrast to the above example, when using a non-hypermedia Web service(e.g., an implementation of CRUD operations over HTTP), developers have tohard-code into clients all the knowledge required to interact with the service.This approach is simple and intuitive for developers, but the trade-off is thatclients are then tightly coupled to the services they use (hence the need for APIversioning).
    1. At the time of the publication of Aspects of the Theory of Syntax it seemed that all of the semantically relevant parts of the sentence, all the things that determine its meaning, were contained in the deep structure of the sentence. The examples we mentioned above fit in nicely with this view. “I like her cooking” has different meanings because it has different deep structures though only one surface structure; “The boy will read the book” and “The book will be read by the boy” have different surface structures, but one and the same deep structure, hence they have the same meaning.

      This section helped me understand a key feature

    1. De-Evangelist


    2. The Grift Shift is a new paradigm of debating technologies within a society that is based a lot less on the actual realistic use cases or properties of a certain technology but a surface level fascination with technologies but even more their narratives of future deliverance. Within the Grift Shift paradigm the topics and technologies addressed are mere material for public personalities to continuously claim expertise and “thought leadership” in every cycle of the shift regardless of what specific technologies are being talked about.


    1. the double bind was an evolutionary principle an evolutionary principle 00:36:26 so that every organism at some point right every organism is in relationship to all these other organisms and all those organisms are always changing a little bit 00:36:40 and so one day the moment comes when that organism cannot do what it used to do to survive if it does what it knows how to do it dies 00:36:54 but it doesn't know how to do anything else
      • for: double bind, definition - double bind - evolutionary, Gregory Bateson - definition of double bind
    2. the definition of a double bind is that you have a a problem a bind 00:35:07 in one context and you can't actually solve it in that context because it's caught in another context and so you can't solve it in that 00:35:20 context because it's caught in these other contexts
      • for: definition, definition - double bind

      • definition: double bind

        • the definition of a double bind is that you have a problem (a bind) in one context and you can't actually solve it in that context because it's caught in another context
        • Gregory Bateson defined the double bind as an evolutionary trait of species due to their changing nature.
          • Since individuals of a species are constantly changing, there comes a day when all that it knows what to do in order to survive is outdated due to the changing environment. When it repeats the old behavior that served its survival in the past, it dies.
      • comment

        • adjacency
          • between
            • double bind
            • progress trap
        • adjacency statement
          • progress traps are related to double binds because in a progress trap, an implemented solution to a problem in one context gives rise to a new problem in another context.
          • the original problem (bind) in one context appears to be resolvable but actual isn't. Future unfolding of the implemented solution unfold a future unexpected problem.
          • The two problems are not simultaneously occurring as in a double bind, but time-delayed
          • both double bind and progress traps emerge from the same root of violating holism
          • in not grasping the implications of the emptiness of phenomena, we ignore intertwingled nature of reality, we circumvent Indra's meet of jewels at our own peril
    1. Moloch is a coordination failure where rational choices of individuals produce positive short-term effects for themselves at the expense of producing negative long-term effects for everyone, i.e. self-termination of humanity. Thus, Moloch is a system dynamics that is a cumulation of all the n-th order side effects that result from the totality of all self-interested "intelligent" action of all humans.
    1. analogical reasoning
      • for: definition, definition - analogical reasoning

      • definition: analogical reasoning

        • comparing archeological and paleontological evidence of past life forms with behavior, anatomy and morphology of existing living species to shed light on past life
    2. the idea of evolutionary convergence is relatively simple it's the idea that similar environmental conditions can give rise 00:09:05 to similar biological adaptations
      • for: definition, definition - evolutionary convergence, evolutionary convergence

      • definition: evolutionary convergence

        • similar environmental conditions can give rise to similar biological adaptations
      • example: evolutionary convergence
        • during Cambrian explosion, over a period of 40 million years, a diverse range of species developed with the ability to see
        • a number of species have the same arm appendages:
          • human
          • bird
          • bat
    1. Plex is a scientific philosophy. Instead of claiming that science is so powerfulthat it can explain the understanding of understanding in question, we takeunderstanding as the open question, and set about to determine what scienceresults. [It turns out to be precisely the science we use every day, so nothingneed be discarded or overturned - but many surprises result. Some very simpleexplanations for some very important scientific observations arise naturally inthe course of Plex development. For example, from the First Definition, thereare several Plex proofs that there was no beginning, contrary to StephenHawking's statement that "this idea that time and space should be finite withoutboundary is just a proposal: it cannot be deduced from some other principle."(A Brief History of Time, p. 136.) The very concept of a "big bang" is strictlyan inherent artifact of our science's view of the nature of nature. There was no"initial instant" of time.]Axioms are assumptions. Plex has no axioms - only definitions. (Only) Noth-ing is assumed to be known without definition, and even that is "by definition" ,

      It doesn't claim that science can explain everything, but rather, it uses science to explore and understand our understanding of the world. The surprising part is that the science it uses is the same science we use daily, so nothing new needs to be learned or old knowledge discarded.

      One example of a surprising discovery made through Plex is that, contrary to Stephen Hawking's theory, there was no beginning to time and space. This contradicts the popular "big bang" theory, which suggests there was an initial moment when time and space began. According to Plex, this idea of a "big bang" is just a result of how our current science views the nature of the universe.

      Plex also differs from other scientific approaches in that it doesn't rely on axioms, which are assumptions made without proof. Instead, Plex only uses definitions, meaning it only accepts as true what can be clearly defined and understood.

      We're saying let's consider the concept of a "big bang". In traditional science, we might assume the existence of a "big bang" like this:

      instead of thinking big_bang = True

      But in Plex, we would only accept the "big bang" if we can define it:

      python def big_bang(): # Define what a "big bang" is # If we can't define it, then it doesn't exist in Plex pass

      Let's not assume reality but rather just try to define the elements we need to use

    1. this other sort of development also happened in the last couple years just clip models um and this enables us to do predictive 00:09:47 modeling across domains um what do I mean by that it means that you can understand and provide the model information in one modality and it can essentially translate it into another
      • for: definition, definition - CLIP models

      • definition: CLIP model

        • contrastive language-image pre-training (CLIP) model allows model information in one modality - predictive modeling in one domain to be translated to another domain
    1. We define a FET as either a MET or a MCT that is absolutely necessary, yet insufficient alone, to set into motion a cascade of events that result in a MST.
      • for: definition, definition - FET

      • definition: FET

        • an MET or MCT that is absolutely necessary but insufficient by itself to trigger processes that result in MST
      • example: FET

        • eukaryotic single-cell organisms are an MET and FET.
        • other events are required to lead to MST
          • biotic - other living organisms such as bacteria or viruses
          • abiotic - environmental change such as rising levels of free oxygen
    2. We define such remarkable morphological adaptations as Major Competitive Transitions (MCTs), while acknowledging the definition’s subjective nature.
      • for: definition, definition - MCT, definition - major competitive transition

      • definition: major competitive definition

        • remarkable morphological adaptations that confer major competitive advantages in survival or reproduction.
        • example:
          • water-to-land transition,
          • land-to-water transition,
          • creation of new niche - evolution of flying organisms
          • vascular tissue of plants