463 Matching Annotations
  1. Aug 2016
    1. Baltimore

      Oh my goodness. This is so important! To have just read an article about the bias within the criminal justice system in Baltimore in particular. She alludes to that fact that there were some things that were happening within the municipal system that made so many people feel uncomfortable, and actually targeted.

    1. "I found him in a small cardboard box but I'm not even sure if it's our child or a piece of sponge. It looks like charcoal,"

      I am absolutely speechless.

    2. Islamic State group sparked fires in shopping arcades on either side of the street that accounted for a significant proportion of the casualties.

      We Americans need to be empathetic to the fact that countries within Southwest Asia are experiencing what seems like more than they can handle for the most part. I appreciate that the author included these facts.

    3. the effects of the fire made it very difficult to identify the bodies.

      Once again the description is heart-wrenching. For parents to be unable to identify their children must be the absolute worst feeling in the world. It attests to the fact that their identity had not even had the chance to be developed yet. Also, the way he is including these facts in their entirety almost makes the audience even more upset at Iraq's health minister as she was the one who claimed responsibility in her resignation.

    4. Charred incubators could be seen outside one of the entrances to the hospital

      Though this is fact, it was important for the author to include this. It appeals to pathos because the imagery within the description is triggering. "Charred incubators" sends a dagger to the soul because the children were absolutely innocent and didn't get a chance at life. The way he described it was absolutely unbiased and fact as it should have been.

    5. prompting Iraq's health minister to announce her resignation.

      I am particularly curious as to why when something terrible happens, many leaders in place resign rather than provide a new solution. I would be more interested to read about why she resigned and whether she was fit for the job or just resigned on account of this horrific incident.

    6. Baghdad

      It is important to read news from around the world because it is so easy to be consumed by the new happening within the country that there is a lack of compassion and an abundance of ignorance (and misinformation) towards other countries. We are a world system and need to be actively apart of the system.

    1. “Mere words by officials mean little when it’s people on the ground who are living with these material conditions every day

      In this article, it is the most, THE MOST important to include resident testimony and emotion. It appeals to pathos as it should because this is a social justice mega-issue. Where a population feels invalidated, they need validation after being correct.

    2. data-rich indictment of how Baltimore police officers have for years violated the Constitution and federal law by systematically stopping, searching (in some cases strip-searching) and harassing black residents

      I am unsure as to why it took so long to have an investigation. Was there not enough probable cause? I think it is important that they opened an investigation because it puts so many frustrations for people of color in Baltimore to rest, but almost instills more fears as to what the system that was established to protect and serve is doing to purposely counter that.

    3. had always expected that a federal investigation would uncover a pattern of racial discrimination.

      This quite disheartening to have the expectation. For audiences that are not people of color, I would be interested to hear their reaction. For myself as a black woman, I feel that same as Ray Kelly with the expectation. For others, that may not be the same.


      Sheryl Gay Stolberg is a pulitzer prize winning journalist for the New York Times, an award winning newspaper. Her focus is primarily on social justice and civil rights.


    1. "in the worst hell of his life"

      Since this was an accident, I personally feel for the officer. I appreciate that the author included this in the article because it makes the officer involved human rather than a destructive careless monster. This also adds to the authors ethos and the audiences pathos.

    2. She just drew you to want to be a part of whatever she was doing because you knew if she was doing it, it was worthwhile,

      This definitely attests to her caring personality. This article is appropriate for the people who are mourning and respecting Knowlton's legacy. This article was well written to address the facts but of course there will probably need to be more investigation so the family can get closure.

    3. The city called in the chaplain to counsel those participants and has arranged free counseling services for anyone else in the community who might need it.

      This shows compassion from the department to take care of the people there since this was an unfortunate accident. People were there because they wanted to be and that shows compassion from the community, so reciprocating that is important.

    4. Police have conducted the program for two years without incident,

      This gives them some defense. I like that he includes this fact. Without stating their successes, the article would focus on this particular mistake and be perceived as biased by readers.

    5. everyone was provided "blank guns,"

      They were "blank guns", but they were real guns which is another issue. When simulating, the use of real guns may not be necessary.

    6. the department was unaware there was any live ammo for the revolver.

      I understand that these people are human just like any other person who is doing a job and they are bound to make mistakes. However, there is a sense of carelessness in this part because a person could have checked for live ammo.

    7. show her support for local law enforcement,

      This quite ironic in a tragic way. Here, McLaughlin is appealing to pathos by including the reason she went and further on, having someone else speak on her behalf.

    8. Eliott C. McLaughlin, CNN

      Elliot McLaughlin has been a reporter with CNN for over 10 years. CNN is a revered news outlet.

    1. They were supposedly such good friends. Hae’s friend Aisha said that she was paging her like crazy.

      I don't agree with this argument completely. In this day and age of social media, I rarely connect with some of my closest friends when I am busy or just not in the mood. Not a substantial enough argument to me based off of personal experience but definitely something to think about.

    2. At, I mean, at the time, the only thing I really associated with that call was

      Here is somewhat of an explanation of him not thinking significant things about the day. He admitted to being high and not in his sober state of mind. He didn't associate anything significant with the day because the day was not significant yet.

    3. The normalness of the day

      I appreciate that Koenig shares her thoughts as well. She is a journalist and gives a good amount of her opinion but does her best to keep it informative without bias. She expressed a thought that the audience may have and she is connecting with them--this is her appealing to pathos. However, the logic is somewhat sketchy to me. Though she feels like he would go throughout the day with a fine tooth comb after being accused and convicted, she advocated in the first episode that it was difficult for people to remember things that happened 6 weeks ago let alone 14 years. Seems kind of inconsistent in my opinion. If she feels this way, wouldn't this challenge to the entire case be in jeopardy with his lack of accurate or adequate memory? Wouldn't he incriminate himself? Shouldn't she be worried about that?

    4. reasonably add to the ‘Adnan is guilty’ side of the scale.

      Reasonably is a keyword for me as the prosecution has to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that Adnan is guilty. Right away, she is adding to her credibility because she is explicitly saying that she is going to give information. She isn't holding anything back and she recognizes that there IS possible evidence against him. (Because I haven't read further), if she decides to "debunk" this evidence, she will appeal to the audience that believes that Adnan is innocent, and appeal to the skeptical audience.

    1. Probably track practice would have ended like, I'd say, 4:30.

      This part is particularly questionable because if he was as innocent as he is projecting, he would have gone through every detail of that day with certainty to ensure that there was no detail was missed, not just "probably there.

    2. When he first heard Jay's story of the crime, Adnan didn't say, well, it didn't happen like that, or, I didn't mean for it to happen like that. He said, it didn't happen.

      Her Sarah is alluding to the fact of his conviction as convincing and she is convinced.

    3.  When did you do that?

      To use actual evidence contributes to her credibility as an author and investigator.

    4. The state used this against him in two ways.

      As stated before, the prosecution attempted to challenge his "good" image because they are aware they sometimes teens lives away from their parents knowledge.

    5.      He was like the community's golden child.

      This is important. For the people who believe that he is innocent, this is part of their reasonable doubt that he would commit the crime. However, good reputations are often the easiest to break down and so they should be careful about stating how "good" he was.

    6. He's been in prison ever since.

      Why after this amount of time is she going to reinvestigate this crime? She doesn't personally know him or have anything vested in it so far.

    7. And that is, it's really hard to account for your time, in a detailed way, I mean.

      Before she even states her entire claim, she makes a point about how difficult it is to account for time in insignificant periods of someone's life. Further into the podcast, she uses her nephew as an example/as evidence for this supporting claim. She is using real life examples to establish some credibility and pathos for the audience because they can relate.

    8. Episode 1: The Alibi

      The Alibi give foresight to what some of this particular episode will be about.

    1. Admitting that white privilege helps you is really just congratulating yourself

      deBoer, Frederik. "Admitting that White Privilege Helps You is Really Just Congratulating Yourself." The Washington Post 28 Jan. 2016. Web. 8 Aug 2016.

    2. Just as in the fight against heart disease or drunk driving, awareness only has value if it actually leads to a change in behavior,

      A solution is being alluded to here, but a solution that may not be enacted.

    3. The unspoken but unmistakable logic is that by declaring themselves a part of the problem, they are defining themselves as part of the solution.

      Perfect way to articulate this. Here he is addressing his audience, those who are interested in the topic and those who fall under the category of boasting privileged people.

    4. If anything, they have always struck me as supremely self-satisfied.

      Very much so agree. Here, deBoer is addressing the hypocrisy and stagnancy of self-recognition within white privilege that retains white supremacy. When the oppressed are heard when they voice their dissatisfaction with oppression, it is deemed as their duty to do such: it is their job to fight for their rights. However, if a privileged person recognizes their role in oppression, they are praised for doing such just as they were unconsciously praised for not to anything...because that's the way that privilege works.

    5. the ritualistic practice of white self-indictment.

      Well articulated. As he further states within his article, the form of "self-indictment" places the "guilty" on a pedestal of approval and "self-regard".

    6. Strange that self-criticism seems so similar to self-improvement, and is expressed in such terms of self-congratulation.

      Liberation for the liberated and oppression for the oppressed it seems like. In other words, the self-awareness made him feel liberated in such a redundant way that it wouldn't make a difference if he proudly boasted as someone who does not have privilege and equality is attainable by all. Either way, nothing really changes.

    7. I mean that if genuine contrition and meaningful apology are the purpose of self-criticism — for complicity in white supremacy or anything else — then the practice is a paradox because the very performance of self-indictment, in this context, functions as a form of self-congratulation.

      I agree. The question there here would be what can the privileged to acknowledge, yet not boast in self awareness, about their privilege.

    8. That’s fine as far as it goes, but there’s a trap within his request: public self-indictment is impossible.

      Acknowledging the side that he is going to criticize for its legitimacy gives him some credibility.

    9. But like so much else in our society, the practice has ultimately worked not to undermine structural racism — the putative aim — but merely to deepen the self-regard of the educated white elite.

      This is his claim. I am using this perspective because it differs so much from any other perspective. There is the audience that altogether does not acknowledge that white-privilege exists. There is the audience like myself that pushes for white privilege recognition. And there is his perspective that disapproves of both so far.

    10. Fredrik deBoer is an academic and writer. He lives in Indiana.

      Fredrik deBoer is "writer and a researcher who works at the intersection of writing assessment, applied linguistics and literacy education." He receives his authority from an institution of learning to write his opinion for public consumption. http://purdue.academia.edu/FredrikdeBoer

  2. content.ebscohost.com.ezproxy2.library.colostate.edu:2048 content.ebscohost.com.ezproxy2.library.colostate.edu:2048
    1. question of how one should understand the normal restrictions, rules and burdens above which the privileged are placed.

      Here he is providing clarity about why privilege is so significant and how it interconnects with societal norms that are comfortable and accessible "to an exclusive subset of a given population" i.e. heterosexuals or white people.

    2. White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack’,

      I am glad that he referenced Peggy Mcintosh because I referenced this particular work of hers as well for my essay. She does a great job of making it a point to speak from personal experience.

    3. The understanding of privilege that is the focus of this essay is thus like the classical definition in that it posits privileges as tied to birth, but appeals to the modern/liberal notion in claiming that such unearned privileges are illegitimate.

      Here he establishes his claim in that privilege is something that a person is typically born into, in other words, something that was earned. I am still unsure of what he means by unearned privileges that are illegitimate. Perhaps he means that they are not legally recognized.

    4. Kruks 2012: p. 94

      Much of his evidence comes from the research of others on the same topic and they are all credible sources. He uses many of them to get his point across.

    5. Rather, the problem with privilege was that it attached to birth status, rather than to individual merit.

      True of all privileges, they are not earned but something that we are merely born into.

    6. partly constitutive of what it meant to be patrician.

      This brings up a good point about privilege and identity being interconnected.

    7. he Latin etymology of the term privilege points toward the concept of a ‘private law’ that situates one outside of the laws that bind others (Bailey 1998: p. 111; Gordon 2004: p. 174; Kruks 2005: p. 180). In this original sense, a privilege is a benefit or advantage that accrues to an exclusive (usually hereditary) elite, such that the benefits and advantages are part and parcel of their status as elites.

      This is the beginning of Monahan establishing credibility for himself. He wants readers to understand the full scope of privilege by starting from the origins of the word as it pertains to modern conceptualization. I also find this interesting myself and would not have thought to look up the origins of the word as supportive evidence as language had evolved so heavily.

    8. There is male privilege, white privilege, class privilege, heterosexual privilege and ability privilege, all of which are understood in relation to some corresponding form of oppression in the form of sexism, racism, heterosexism, ableism, ageism and so forth

      This is important to note that privilege is not confined to a single identity and can be applied to each individual in a different form.

    9. South African Journal of Philosophy 2014, 33(1): 73–83Printed in South Africa — All rights reservedCopyright © South African Journal of PhilosophySOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHYISSN 0258-0136 EISSN 2073-4867http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02580136.2014.892681South African Journal of Philosophy is co-published by Taylor & Francis and NISC (Pty) LtdThe concept of privilege: a critical appraisal

      Monahan, Michael J. "The Concept of Privilege: A Critical Appraisal." South African Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 73-83. 2014. Web. 8 Aug 2016. Michael Monahan has received his degree in Philosophy and works for the department of philosophy for Marquette University.

    1. CBRI Is the Dominant Racial Ideology

      Yes! They are addressing where this ideology in itself is an issue.

    2. HelenNeville and her colleagues interviewed over 30 raciallydiverse college students about their beliefs about raceand racism

      Neville conducted research in order to prove her ideas. This is important because without such research, her ideas could be considered subjective. Without evidence, there would be no valid argument.

    3. evading power, including the denial,minimization, and/or distortion of (a) blatant forms ofracism (e.g., “Racism is a thing of the past and is no longera problem today”), (b) institutional racism (e.g., “Certainpolicies and practices unfairly benefit racial and ethnicminorities”), and (c) racial privilege (e.g., “White peopledo not have certain advantages because of the color of theirskin”).

      This supports that claim that CBRI perpetuate racism because, though it may not be intended in all instances, they minimize the harmful effects of racial ideologies that have been instilled within different societies by completely ignoring them. Within the United States and outside of the United States, slavery existed. Slavery promoted the idea of white superiority by taking claim and owning members of perceived inferior races and treating them poorly to say the least on the basis of skin color alone (despite "biological evidence" which was later to be found as false). Members of the perceived inferior races experienced prejudice for decades after. The effects of slavery and those ideologies did not fade but simply redirected themselves into different systems such as the criminal justice system. The unfortunate truth is that race is a social construct based on subjective ideas and when analyzing a topic such as this, some may consider these to be subjective as well with subjective correlations.

    4. Elements of CBRI inpeople of color

      I appreciate that this was included. As a person of color, sometimes the idea that one who identifies with the marginalized group is not affected by CBRI is a false notion.

    5. The harmful effects of a color-evasion approach arealso evident among young children.Apfelbaum and col-leagues (2010)exposed elementary school children

      STAKEHOLDER. Though other stakeholders have been introduce, this one in particular uses pathos. Children are innocent and we as adults have the duty to teach them correctly and correct any teachings that are harmful. By showing that children can be harmfully affected by CBRI, it creates more stakeholders including teachers and parents since they are responsible for them no matter whether they identify a part of the marginalized group.

    6. e argue that it is unrealistic and even harmful todisregard another’s race or to not see color in a society thatis as racially stratified as the United States.

      Here they expand on their claim and are firm in their views.

    7. of potential racial differencesby emphasizing sameness

      Definitions are important. It creates clarity for the reader and (surprise) MORE credibility for the authors.

    8. In this article, we propose a CBRI framework to helpsynthesize the divergent perspectives in the literature. Indefining CBRI, we argue that racial color-blindness isunattainable, reinforces racial prejudices and/or inequality,and is actually an expression of ultramodern notions ofracism among White Americans and of internalized racismor the adoption of negative racial stereotypes among peopleof color

      This is their claim. Color-Blind Racial Ideologies perpetuate racism and inequality by not acknowledging the "elephant in the room" of race. To be completely oblivious to race is impossible with European colonialism across the world.

    9. In the 1990s, the American Psychological As-sociation (APA; 1997) published a pamphlet answering thequestion:Can— or Should—America Be Color-Blind?Us-ing research from social psychology, APA uncovered fal-lacies in individual and collective color-blind approaches toracism and thus concluded in the pamphlet, “Despite soci-ety’s best attempts to ignore race, the research indicatesthat race does matter” (p. 7).

      Once again, further adding to the credibility and this time to the publication of the essay by citing it. However, this is a place to be very careful as not to suggest bias and lack of well roundedness of sources and perspectives from multiple publications which they have an abundance of.

    10. Helen A. NevilleUniversity of Illinois at Urbana–ChampaignGermine H. AwadUniversity of Texas at AustinJames E. Brooks and Michelle P. FloresUniversity of Illinois at Urbana–ChampaignJamie BluemelChicago School of Professional Psycholog

      Each of the authors have their PhD in psychology. They are well-versed and studied in the areas and have the authority to teach on this topic. It is important to note the significance of these professors from different universities collaborating on this essay. In addition, it is important to note the publication and its national recognition.

    11. Psychology has a rich history of research designed tounderstand and describe the changing expressions of racialbeliefs,

      Great. Here they are establishing ethos/credibility to themselves by acknowledging the significance of psychology, which they all received their degrees in, as it pertains to this particular topic.

    12. Color-Blind Racial Ideology

      Neville, Helen et. al. "Color-Blind Racial Ideology: Theory, Training, and Measurement Implications in Psychology." American Psychological Association, Vol. 68, No. 6, Sept. 2013, pp. 455-466. Web. 8 Aug 2016.

    1. Megan Burnett

      Burnett, Megan. "On the Topic of White Privilege." Collegian. 7 Oct 2015. Web. 8 Aug 2016. Megan Burnett wrote for the CSU collegian in the Opinion section. There was much controversy after this article was published.

    1. The pressure to avoid it is great, for in facing it I mustgive up the myth of meritocracy. I

      Here again we see meritocracy as we saw in the other article by Michael Monahan. As with the other two articles, she explains race-relation evasion.

    2. After I realized the extent to which men work from a base of unacknowledged privilege, I understoodthat much of their oppressiveness was unconscious. Then I remembered the frequent charges fromwomen of color that white women whom they encounter are oppressive. I began to understand why weare just seen as oppressive, even when we don't see ourselves that way

      This gives her the most credibility because she is taking personal experience to shed light on an issue that she does not directly experience herself. She is able to criticize her own identity and apply understanding and empathy to other identities.

    3. I think whites are carefully taught not to recognize white privilege, as males are taught not to recognizemale privilege.

      She is comparing white privilege to male privilege. This is justifying her identity and authority to write this essay. Though she may not identify as holding a marginalized ethnicity, she does identify with a marginalized gender. She is attempting to make this topic more accessible to herself and to many of the readers who could be women.

    4. I realized that, since hierarchies in oursociety are interlocking, there was most likely a phenomenon of while privilege that was similarlydenied and protected.

      Once again like the other articles there is recognition on interconnectedness between privilege and identity. The reason I chose this article is because of the personal testimony of white privilege. She is not denying or evading the fact that she holds a very prominent privilege.

    5. Peggy McIntosh is associate director of the Wellesley Collage Center for Research on Women. This essay is excerpted from WorkingPaper 189. "White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming To See Correspondences through Work in Women'sStudies" (1988), by Peggy McIntosh; available for $4.00 from the Wellesley College Center for Research on Women, Wellesley MA 02181The working paper contains a longer list of privileges. This excerpted essay is reprinted from the Winter 1990 issue of IndependentSchool.White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible KnapsackPeggy McIntosh

      Mcintosh, Peggy. "White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack." White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences Through Work in Women Studies. 1988. Web. 8 Aug 2016.

  3. Jul 2016
    1. Beating Nafta like a piñata worked in the Republican primary. But it is likely to hurt Mr. Trump and GOP candidates further down the ticket in the general election. Mexico is, after all, the U.S.’s third-largest trading partner and second-largest export market.

      I find it very interesting that Trump's economic ideas are so easily refuted for a couple of reasons. First, Trump is running for President of the United States. You would think that he would carefully think about what policies he proposes. Second, I find that when I speak with conservatives about policy issues, most of the time the conversation sways toward economics. Why would Trump try and deceive citizens that know better when it comes to economic policy, and more importantly, why is it working?

    1. He asked his fellow senators to “recognize that just because you do not feel the pain . . . does not mean it does not exist.” Ignoring the struggles of others “does not make them disappear. It simply leaves you blind and the American family very vulnerable.”

      This is a very interesting article, especially considering the political climate we currently live in. Many Americans are upset right now and want change, but many of them are constantly focused on their own struggle and what politicians can do to help them. They often forget that there are other people in this country that are suffering simply because they were born a certain way. Not only do some Americans feel this way, but Donald Trump is capitalizing on that by spreading fear and hate. I would recommend this article to those people that feel that way.

    1. The Democrats also have to deal with the resurgent idea of a primary process and party apparatus that favored Clinton and wasn’t completely fair to Sanders.

      I like this article because, although it is an Op-Ed, he makes points that benefit both sides. This is an interesting time in history because, as he pointed out, a majority of Americans don't trust either Hillary Clinton or Donald Trump, which is just made worse by the fact that the DNC leader was proven to have conspired against one of the candidates. Although the author is clearly a left-leaning person, he recognizes the many factors that are making this a contested election, despite that Donald Trump is disliked by so many.

    1. At his convention as in his entire rise, Trump was a walking spectacle, a carnival barker, a man without normal caution or foresight or restraint. And those flaws should doom him in the end.

      As with the last article I annotated, this is also a NY Times Op-Ed which is almost always biased towards liberal thinking. This line is a perfect example of that bias. However, aside from the bias, this article does a really good job of illustrating how unusual the Republican National Convention was, and how different Donald Trump is going about this election than previous candidates have. Personally, I see many similarities between the rise of Donald Trump and the rise of other dictators throughout history. His speeches are filled with hate and retaliation, similar to those of Hitler in the 1930s. I have read other authors draw this comparison, and I would be interested to find out what other similarities the two share.

    1. Republican senators suddenly are busy fishing, mowing the lawn or hiking the Grand Canyon; conservative celebrities mostly sent regrets. This vacuum reflects the horror that many leading conservatives feel for their new nominee.

      As a NY Times Opinion article, it focuses very heavily on the negative opinions that other Republicans have on Donald Trump (that is, after all, the point of the article). This being said, I find the author to be biased against Donald Trump, particularly in the diction that he uses. Overall, this article is successful in representing some of the many negative opinions that Republican leaders have of Trump. If I wanted to learn more about the divide in the Republican party, I would read up on the Republican National Convention.

    1. Yet the crowd remained fixed on their support of Mr. Sanders and not on the idea of defeating Mr. Trump. Over and over again they chanted, “We want Bernie. Bernie. Bernie. Bernie.” Advertisement Continue reading the main story

      I find this article to be a good representation of the political climate we live in today. I was attracted to this article because I am a Bernie Sanders supporter, who like many, is unhappy with the current choices for president. I found this article particularly interesting because although all of these people support Bernie Sanders, they boo him when he speaks about Hillary Clinton. The intended audience for this article is all liberal people, whether you support Hillary or Bernie, as it illustrates how divided the country is even within the same party. If I wanted to learn more about the division in the country I would follow coverage of the Democratic National Convention to get an idea of how members of the Democratic party feel currently.

    1. I wanna let Adnan talk now. Not so much about what happened the day of the crime, I feel like we’ve been over that already, but just about what it was like to be him throughout this case. What it’s like now to be locked up for so long.

      This is a good example of Koenig using ethos to appeal to the audience. At the core, the morality of locking someone up for life that didn't commit a crime is emotionally disturbing, which was one of the original reasons that Koenig took up this case. The following passages really allow the reader to connect with Adnan and feel what it's like to be wrongly convicted of a murder. At this point in the podcast, I think that Koenig is beginning to become convinced that Adnan did not commit the crime.

    2. I’m positive. I am positive. I’m very positive. I looked for her the whole time at the away game. I was really pissed because I thought that she stood me up.

      This seems significant to me. The whole idea earlier in the podcast was that Koenig couldn't find anybody that remembered significant events from the day, because to most people it was just an average day. However, Summer clearly remembered this day because she was upset when Hae did not show up. She seems credible to me.

    3. Yeah, I dunno why they wouldn’t check it but there’s no pay phone there man.

      This is another big red flag in the case that has been brought up several times. However, I question how trustworthy Laura is in this case. The way she is speaking to Sarah makes it seem like she does not care very much and thinks the detail is a small detail. She was also stealing from the store, which further makes me question the integrity of her memory, because she was probably more worried about getting caught and being sneaky. However, I don't discount her testimony completely, the phone booth is still one of the larger mysteries of the case.

    4. After all, no one actually testifies to the 2:36 timing at trial. This comes from the prosecutor’s narrative alone. The problem is, if it is the 3:15 call, that really messes with Jay’s testimony about where they were and what they were doing that afternoon.

      Once again Jay's testimony is put into question and Koenig seems even more skeptical of Jay. Her skepticism makes me question Jay even more. So Koenig is using pathos because she is using her influence and the audiences trusts her opinion.

    5. No it’s not because they’re saying that’s where the 2:36 call comes from is that pay phone at Best Buy.

      Koenig keeps repeating the "It's not a small detail" because she knows how important it is to the case. Also, this fact would have completely changed the case and it makes Koenig question Jays testimony even more than she already does.

    1. But even so, that means if Adnan still had to get changed, he is very late for four p.m. track now, which seems like a bad strategy for an alibi, doesn’t it?

      Again, Jay's story doesn't quite line up. At this point, many listeners are beginning to doubt the validity of Jay's story, and Jay's credibility is diminishing as Koenig finds more holes in the timeline.

    2. “Before he left the car, he received a phone call, or placed a phone call. It was in Arabic. I don’t know who he was talking to. I don’t know what it entailed. I believe it was his mother.” Adnan and his family say he doesn’t speak Arabic, or Pashto, or Urdu.

      This is suspicious to me. Why would Jay say that Adnan made a call in Arabic if he doesn't know Arabic? What makes Jay qualified to judge if Adnan was speaking in Arabic? Could this just be an assumption he made, or possibly made up during the investigation? Although much of Jay's story lines up, this part of the story makes it seem like Jay could have made up the story completely.

    3. So what’s this “oh, lets just drive halfway across the county to go to a state park to smoke a blunt?”

      This is an interesting point that Koenig brings up. This is another example of Koenig jumping into Adnan's shoes and allowing the reader to see from his perspective. Not only is this essential in investigating the crime, but it is also a good example of Koenig using logos to appeal to the audience. The audience can better understand the crime and engage in the podcast at a deeper level when Koenig explores the logic behind Adnan's supposed actions.

    1. Jay's story wasn't just the foundation of the state's case against Adnan. It was the state's case against Adnan.

      Here, and earlier in the podcast when Koenig says that "either it's Jay or it's Adnan. But someone is lying", Koenig is establishing her primary claim in the podcast. Koenig's claim is that "they" (the Court) convicted Adnan of murder without enough evidence to prove that he actually did it. This sets up Koenig's objective in the podcast.

    2. How'd you get to work last Wednesday, for instance? Drive? Walk? Bike? Was it raining? Are you sure? Did you go to any stores that day? If so, what did you buy? Who did you talk to? The entire day, name every person you talked to. It's hard.

      Here, Sarah Koenig is establishing one of the key points early in the podcast. The court sees Adnan's forgetfulness of the events as proof that he is guilty, while Koenig has more empathy for Adnan. We see here one of the reasons why Koenig is so interested in the case, as well as one of the biggest obstacles that Koenig faces in investigating the case in the rest of the podcast.

    3. And I'm not a detective or a private investigator. I've not even a crime reporter.

      Again, Koenig is appealing to her audience by making her seem more relatable. It's more listener friendly if the person doing the investigating makes it easy for the listener to organize all the facts and events.

    4. I've had to ask about teenagers' sex lives, where, how often, with whom, about notes they passed in class, about their drug habits, their relationships with their parents.

      This is how Koenig tries to appeal to her audience; by telling the narrative throughout the podcast as a story and making it easy for a young audience to relate to the story and engage in the investigation.

    1. Moody's Investors Service downgraded the U.K. outlook from "stable" to "negative." The referendum result, it said, "will herald a prolonged period of uncertainty for the UK, with negative implications for the country's medium-term growth outlook."

      The news source is providing negative feedback as well. It is true that there is period of uncertainty for the UK. However, it may not result with negative implications. The investors are still getting into agreements as pound plunge has resulted in reduced deal value.

    2. The pound plunged to its lowest level in over 30 years on Friday, raising concerns about price inflation, and shares in the U.K.'s biggest banks and real estate builders posted double-digit declines as economists predicted the country would fall into recession.

      This news channel is stating the facts and the predictions by economists. The pound has plunged and economists are anticipating a recession is known to all. However, there is no analysis done as what could be the impact on the investments and the revenues earned by the investors post Brexit.

    1. But Driffield said that while the cheap sterling makes U.K. assets look cheap, potential buyers will also need to think about the fall in real expected revenues. "In times of uncertainty -- and I think we can all agree we are living in one of those now -- the fall in real expected revenue dominates, and we see a decline in FDI," he said.

      Here comes the real picture. The investment has gone down due to uncertainty that prevails. The investors are also expecting a fall in the expected revenues. The liberal news channel has presented a clear picture in front of the reader.

    2. In dollar terms, the deal comes with a hefty discount. It was worth $1.38 billion three weeks ago, on the day of the U.K. referendum. But after the fall in the value of the pound, the deal is now worth $1.2 billion.

      The news source is making mention of all the deals that occurred after the U.K. referendum and how those deals became cheaper due to fall in the pound.

    3. But data from research firm Dealogic show the number of deals announced after the referendum on June 23 has fallen 45% compared to the same period last year. The total value of deals announced since the referendum stood at $4.5 billion compared to the $9.1 billion at the same time last year, Dealogic said.

      The readers are told exact situation with statistical evidence. The liberal news channel is not trying to hide information and putting forth the exact situation of the investments and deals happening after Brexit. The impact of Brexit cannot be ignored as the number of deals have fallen by 45% as compared to the last year.

    1. Scientists have said close-ups of Jupiter won't come until next month when Juno swings back around.

      FOX ends the article by saying the more exciting part of the mission won't be here for a while. This was most likely done to attempt to make the audience annoyed and angry that the probe has reached its destination and yet NASA isn't doing anything of huge importance with it for another month or so. Both articles achieve what they are attempting to do. CNN hypes the news and makes the mission sound incredibly important and worthy of the money and effort. FOX downplays the exact same news, making it sound unimportant at all, and not worthy of the money and effort. Both of these articles achieve their purpose, and it is up to the reader to decide which article fits their opinions more.

    2. During the approach, the camera and instruments were powered off as a precaution as Juno braved intense radiation. The instruments were turned back on several days after the arrival.

      This piece of information was left out of CNN's article, which makes sense. By turning off the instrumentation, NASA is gaining no information. This would be argued as a waste. CNN is not trying to make this argument, so they left that piece of information out. FOX, however, nearly ends their incredibly short article with it. It leaves that feeling of waste of time and money in the audiences mind.

    3. Juno entered orbit around Jupiter last week after a five-year journey. It's on a 20-month mission to map the giant planet's poles, atmosphere and interior.

      The audience of both articles appear to be the same. They are attempting to reach the general public about this mission. However, the reasoning are direct opposites. CNN is attempting to excite the audience. FOX is attempting to make the the news sound bland and unnecessary. FOX is writing in short snippets that sound very unenthusiastic.

    4. A NASA spacecraft has sent back the first pictures since arriving at Jupiter.

      The first thing that stands out is the author does not attempt to build the excitement of the mission like CNN did. Conservatives tend to believe in smaller government. It makes sense that they would not try to make NASA, a government organization, sound exciting and worthy of support.

    5. Published July 12, 2016

      My conservative news outlet was FOX news.

    1. Although JunoCam's images will be helpful to the science team, the primary purpose of the images is to help with public engagement.With this in mind, NASA tweeted the picture on its official Twitter account for the mission, where it has so far received over five thousand likes.

      As mentioned above, liberals tend to support government a lot more than conservatives. Since CNN is a liberal media outlet, they are making NASA appear to be on the average citizen's side. The wording the author uses makes it sound as if NASA is doing this mission purely for the benefit of the public. Although I would agree that the images being posted are for the public, the mission itself is definitely for the science community.

    2. Scott Bolton, principal investigator from the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, said in a statement.

      CNN is using quotes from highly credential sources in order to lend more importance to the mission.

    3. While the first high-resolution images of the gas giant are still a few weeks away, scientists are very pleased with the first image, which means the mission is so far a success.

      This article makes the discovery sound very exciting. They talk about the success of the mission and how those involved are very excited with what they are finding. Liberals tend to want bigger government. Since NASA is a government run group, it makes sense that they are going to paint NASA in as bright a light as they can, to get the audience excited over the news and to support NASA.

    4. By Claire Corkery, CNN

      I used CNN for my liberal news source. I chose to focus on the most recent news from NASA, as it is what started my interest in the subject.

    1. The green rush is bringing hope back to this once-booming coal mining town in rural southeast Colorado, just 11 miles from the New Mexico border, where generations of Mattie's family have lived. Residents pride themselves on the town's pioneer reputation and Wild West spirit.

      Now this movement is been dubbed the "green rush" because it is bring so many jobs back to these struggling Colorado towns. The marijuana industry has revived many parts of Colorado's economy.

    2. It's in large part thanks to at least $800,000 in marijuana tax revenue.

      The taxes helped to restart this town and revive it. It used to be a coal mining town but with the less people using coal the town fell apart.

    3. Did pot money save small town from 'abyss of nothingness'?

      Marijuana in Colorado is helping out by bringing in taxes. They helped bring back the small town of Trinidad.

    1. "Youth marijuana use can have lifelong implications. The risks, which include psychosis, suicide, drug addiction and lower IQs, have been reported based on research on much lower THC potencies than are typically sold on Colorado's commercial market," she said.

      Even though marijuana use by teens has decreased it is still too many youth using marijuana because it has a strong affect on youths brain function later in life.

    2. .

      There is a graph of Marihuana support over time and the graph shows that more people are supporting marijuana now. But Democrats support marijuana much more than Republicans.

    3. The biannual poll by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment also showed the percentage of high school students indulging in marijuana in Colorado was smaller than the national average among teens.

      The survey was done by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. The survey seems very trustworthy because it was done through this department. But, some of the people surveyed could have lied about their marijuana use.

    4. Teen marijuana use in Colorado found lower than national average

      This is surprising due to the fact that Colorado has legal marijuana. I thought the amount of consumption would have increased because of the legalization.

    1. Kleiman's worst-case scenario is possible, but not likely. Based on existing empirical evidence, we expect that the legalization of recreational marijuana in Colorado and Washington will lead to increased marijuana consumption coupled with decreased alcohol consumption. As a consequence, these states will experience a reduction in the social harms resulting from alcohol use. While it is more than likely that marijuana produced by state-sanctioned growers will end up in the hands of minors, we predict that overall youth consumption will remain stable. On net, we predict the public-health benefits of legalization to be positive.

      The authors conclusion is very positive for marijuana and seems to predict a positive outcome with legalization. With the legalization more marijuana Will end up in the hands of minors but they do not predict an increase in youth consumption of marijuana. So Indian the author believes there'll be a positive outcome. If this is the worst-case scenario legalizing of marijuana would be a no-brainer.

    2. he results of DiNardo and Lemieux (2001), Crost and Guerrero (2012), and Anderson, Hansen, and Rees (2013) suggest that, as marijuana becomes more available, young adults in Colorado and Washington will respond by drinking less, not more. If nonmedical marijuana states legalize the use of recreational marijuana, they should also experience reductions in drinking with the accompanying public-health benefits.

      The authors evidence seems unbiased a correct. The relationship between marijuana and alcohol seems to say that the more marijuana there is, the less drinking there will be. So, the author believes that if marijuana is legalized there will be health benefits because there is less consumption of alcohol.

    3. Below, we discuss the likely effects of legalizing marijuana for recreational use on alcohol consumption, traffic fatalities, substance use among high school students, and other outcomes of interest to policymakers and the public. Our discussion draws heavily on studies that have examined the legalization of medical marijuana. These studies are relevant because, in states such as California, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington, the legalization of marijuana for medicinal purposes approaches de facto legalization of marijuana for recreational purposes.

      The authors purpose is to look at the effects of recreational marijuana on public health. It in this paper they're looking at the worst possible scenarios that could happened with the legalization. This article is it important to measure the risk of the new laws. The stakeholders in this article are The sellers of legal marijuana. They hold stake in the worst case scenario because they put a lot of money into the business.

    4. The Legalization of Recreational Marijuana: How Likely Is the Worst-Case Scenario?

      Anderson, D. Mark, and Daniel I. Rees. "The Legalization of Recreational Marijuana: How Likely Is the Worst-Case Scenario?" J. Pol. Anal. Manage. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 33.1 (2013): 221-32. Wiley Online Library. Web. 10 July 2016.

      This article is looking directly at how recreational marijuana could go badly.

    1. Although the mayor blamed recent trouble on “urban travelers” and marijuana, police do not know whether Seeley was on drugs or in the middle of a mental health crisis, Quinones said.

      Mayor Hancock made people rethink their opinion on legalized marijuana in the state of Colorado. He cast doubt on whether it was a good idea. But the police do not know if this attack was caused by drugs or mental health.

    2. Another video of people behaving badly on the 16th Street Mall led Denver Mayor Michael Hancock to blame marijuana for an increase in “urban travelers” and to renew his message that assaults and other violent behavior will not be tolerated.

      Denver Mayor Michael Hancock blamed marijuana for these assaults. He believes there needs to be more police on 16th St. mall to protect people.

    3. Denver mayor says violence won’t be tolerated on 16th Street Mall

      Phillips, Noelle. "Denver Mayor Says Violence Won’t Be Tolerated on 16th Street Mall." The Denver Post 30 June 2016: n. pag. Print.

      There has been an influx of people coming to Colorado and specifically Denver since the marijuana law has passed. Video these people do not have anywhere to stay and are staying on the streets. Since the legalization of marijuana there has been more assaults on the 16th St. mall.


      The authors believe edibles need to be more regulated. This conclusion is well supported by their evidence of many hospital cases due to edible marijuana.

    2. While many users feel they have benefited from marijuana legalization in Colorado, there have also been untoward adverse health effects. The risks of use must be consistently communicated through health care practitioners and public health officials, especially for edible products that pose unique risks for exposed adults and children. Ultimately, additional research is needed to quantify the benefits and risks of marijuana utilization so health care professionals can have well-informed discussions with medical and recreational users.

      The authors discovered that many users feel they have benefited from legalized marijuana. But there are still a major health risks for these users, which the authors Believe should be communicated by doctors and healthcare officials. They feel this is especially best say for edible products. In the end, the authors believe there needs to be more research done to see if the benefits outweigh the risks of marijuana usage.

    3. Physicians have the responsibility to present a balanced perspective, identifying both the potential health benefits and risks associated with marijuana use. In this Viewpoint, we discuss the history of marijuana policy in Colorado and the expected and unexpected effects of increased marijuana availability. Other states considering marijuana policy liberalization may learn from the experiences in Colorado.

      The authors purpose for writing in this journal is to educate the readers about the history of marijuana in the state of Colorado. They wanted to evaluate the positives and negatives of the increased availability of marijuana.

    4. Andrew A. Monte, MD1,2; Richard D. Zane, MD1; Kennon J. Heard, MD, PhD1,2

      The authors are all medical doctors or PhD's. All of them work in Colorado for different health organizations. The authors have a stake in writing this article because they want what is best for the state that they live in.

    5. The Implications of Marijuana Legalization in Colorado

      Monte, Andrew A., Richard D. Zane, and Kennon J. Heard. "The Implications of Marijuana Legalization in Colorado." Jama 313.3 (2015): 241. The JAMA Network. Web. 10 July 2016.

      The Journal is being put out by the Journal of American Medical Association or JAMA. They have a stake in this controversial topic because they need to figure out what is medically best for the public.

    1. The abrupt change in treatment entrants, arrests, and changes in poison center calls suggests an important role of policy change. Public health interventions, such as educational campaigns, could be utilized to mitigate negative outcomes. This report, owing to the unique effects over time, can be used as a guide to some of the short-term effects that may be related to marijuana policy changes in other states.

      Based on the data the authors suggest public health interventions. These interventions could covet it before of educational campaigns or even policy change. These changes would help mitigate negative outcomes.

    2. This was records-based research from the state of Colorado and Denver metropolitan area. Data were collected to examine frequency and trends of marijuana-related outcomes in hospital discharges and poison center calls between time periods before and after 2009 and adjusted for population.

      The data and evidence should be trusted because all the authors are examining is the public health records relating to marijuana. These records are centered around hospitals and poison centers. The authors examined the number of marijuana related incidents before and after 2009. 2009 was the year the laws changed making medical marijuana legal.

    3. Although it is likely more individuals consumed alcohol than marijuana, in 2012, alcohol-related hospital discharges were approximately fivefold higher (623.2 vs 122.2 per 100,000; Colorado Drug and Alcohol Coordinated Data System); emergency department visits where alcohol was a component were 5.6 times higher (984.6 vs 176.2 per 100,000; CDPHE, Colorado Hospital Association Discharge Data Program); and treatment for alcohol dependence entries in 2012 were nearly two times higher (5,631 vs 2,845; Colorado Drug and Alcohol Coordinated Data System).

      In this section, the authors draw a correlation between alcohol and marijuana. In their research, the authors discover that alcohol related hospital discharges are five times as high as marijuana. Also, alcohol had 5.6 times higher emergency department visits that marijuana and there was a two times higher treatment for alcohol dependency then marijuana dependence. But, the authors do point out that way more people drink alcohol then concealed marijuana, so these data points may not be completely accurate based on the number of people consuming each substance.

    4. When taken with changes suggesting a decrease in the perceived risk of marijuana,2, 5 and 6 these factors may mark increased use and increased acceptance of marijuana over this time period, and be important components of deleterious public health outcomes. In addition to an increase in prevalence of marijuana use over this time frame2 and 6 and increases in marijuana-related fatal motor vehicle crashes previously reported,13 this study identified increases in hospital discharges, poison center calls, and decreases in treatment entries and arrests in this time period. These concomitant occurrences suggest important effects that may be related to policy changes.

      Over the time frame that the study was taken, there was a significant increase in marijuana usage. Also, more people became accepting of marijuana. Other positives were there were less treatment entries and arrests during this time. But they were more marijuana related motor accidents and the public health outcomes were still unknown.

    5. The public health consequences of the legalization of marijuana, whether for medical or recreational purposes, are little understood. Despite this, numerous states are considering medical or recreational legalization. In the context of abrupt changes in marijuana policy in 2009 in Colorado, the authors sought to investigate corresponding changes in marijuana-related public health indicators.

      The authors purposes in writing this Journal is to better understand the effects of marijuana on the public and to figure out why the public has changed its stance on legalize marijuana. In the article they are looking for public health indicators, which show the effects of marijuana.

    6. Jonathan M. Davis, PhD1, , , Bruce Mendelson, MPA2, Jay J. Berkes, BS1, Katie Suleta, MPH1, Karen F. Corsi, ScD1, Robert E. Booth, PhD1

      All of the authors writing this journal are college educated and many of them have Masters and even PhD's. Most of the authors live in the state of Colorado, so that they should have extensive knowledge of how marijuana has affected the state.

    7. Public Health Effects of Medical Marijuana Legalization in Colorado

      Davis, Jonathan M., Bruce Mendelson, Jay J. Berkes, Katie Suleta, Karen F. Corsi, and Robert E. Booth. "Public Health Effects of Medical Marijuana Legalization in Colorado." American Journal of Preventive Medicine 50.3 (2016): 373-79. Science Direct. Web. 10 July 2016.

      Based on the title the journal is going to analyze how marijuana affects the public. It is also specifically based on Colorado after the medical marijuana legalization. The journal is being published by the American Journal of preventative medicine. This journal should be trustworthy because it is put out by United States Government. But the journal could be biased based around the current laws of the federal government.

    1. It's an exciting time at NASA as we reach for new heights to reveal the unknown and benefit humankind.

      The article ends by stating that NASA plans on continuing their research and projects. They end it on a hopeful note, and make the audience want to join them on their adventures. This article strikes me as a message to the nation that we need to continue to support NASA. They make the case that what they are doing is important and needs the backing of as many people as possible. The fact that they talk mainly about the exciting missions that they are working on, and not the more standard missions also in the works, supports this idea.

    2. We're studying Earth right now through current and future spacecraft helping answer critical challenges facing our planet: climate change, sea level rise, freshwater resources and extreme weather events

      There are other benefits to backing NASA, as they mention here. By demonstrating how what they are doing can help with environmental issues, more people may support their research. This may allow more of the audience to back them in the hopes of making our lives better in the immediate future.

    3. A new generation of U.S. commercial spacecraft and rockets are supplying cargo to the space station and soon launch astronauts once again from U.S. soil, allowing NASA to focus on building new capabilities for deep space exploration. As a blueprint for international cooperation, the space station enables a U.S.-led multinational partnership and advances shared goals in space exploration.

      NASA then explains that they are taking the steps they can in order to help out with issues people have had with them. They are working with private companies and other nations in order to bolster resources. The underlying message is that by teaming up with othe groups, they will not need as much money to reach their goals.

    4. The space station's microgravity environment makes research possible that can't be achieved on Earth, leading to breakthroughs in understanding Earth, space and physical and biological sciences.

      The article then explains why we do not have the exciting missions currently that we like to think of when space exploration comes up. We currently do not know enough to send astronauts off to other places safely. In order to get there, NASA needs to to more research as to just how to get there, and how to handle the many different types of situations that might arise. I think NASA is essentially telling people to be patient with them, and that what they are doing now may seem unimportant, but that it is necessary in order to take the next step.

    5. NASA is designing and building capabilities to send humans farther into the solar system than ever before, including to an asteroid and Mars.

      The first goal of NASA is indicated as the type of mission that most people think about when they think space exploration; astronauts going to far off places. This will keep the audiences attention, as it is the hook for the article.

    6. Charles Bolden, NASA Administrator

      The article opens up with a quote from the NASA administrator, Charles Bolden,who states NASA's mission statement. This helps solidify where NASA is coming from and gets the audience's attention.

    7. What's Next For NASA?

      "What's Next for NASA?"NASA. 3 Sept. 2013. Web. 10 July. 2016

      This article is from NASA itself, detailing their ongoing and future plans for their projects. This has been written not only to keep the audience informed of what is happening and where their money is going, but also to pitch ideas that may get them more support for their endeavors. Although it is a government agency, NASA sometimes need to act like a business. One thing businesses need to do to gain investors is to pitch their ideas. For this reason, the article was written. It could be argued either way whether or not this is a credible source. I think its credible, but not scholarly. It comes from NASA and is being edited regularly by NASA administrators. These are experts in the field, which means the people should be believed. However, there are no outside sources or information being used. It is strictly stating plans for the agency's future.

    1. In the weeds: a baseline view of cannabis use among legalizing states and their neighboursAuthors

      Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo, Mireille Jacobson, and Ervant J. Maksabedian. "In the Weeds: A Baseline View of Cannabis Use among Legalizing States and Their Neighbours." Society for the Study of Addiction 111.6 (2016): 973-80. Wiley Online Library. Web. 10 July 2016.

      The goal of the journal is to analyze how the legalization of cannabis has affected the state that legalized and the states surrounding that states. This is a controversial subject and it is highly debated.

    2. Discussion

      Overall this journal is more for facts and does not say if they advise using marijuana. The authors want the reader to come up with their own opinion based on the evidence and data shown. Based on the article the legalization of medical marijuana does not have huge affect on weather or not people consume marijuana. Washington and Oregon had a larger population that used marijuana and Colorado had a larger population than New Mexico. It is unclear if the legalization of recreational marijuana will have affect on the number of people that use. If a study is done like this again they need to get the race, gender and age of the people to be less biased.

    3. Our study has some important limitations. In particular, it drew upon a household population that was predominantly female and had a very small proportion of young users (age < 21), and there were relatively few self-identified medical cannabis users in New Mexico. The fact that the people interviewed were predominantly female is particularly worrisome, given that medicinal users identified in previous studies were predominantly male. Despite these limitations, many of our findings are consistent with those in the literature

      In the journal, the authors realize how biased their data is. This is based on the fact that the study was mostly females and almost none of the participants were below the age of 21.

    4. We also consider differences in the patterns of use across our four states prior to the opening of legal stores for recreational sales in any of the four states.

      Recreational marijuana is used significantly more than medical. This means medical did not change why people were consuming marijuana.

    5. Given the racial composition of the states we studied, they were also overwhelmingly white (84% white, 8% Hispanic, 2.1% black, 2.2% other, 3.7% two or more races). More than 60% of respondents were older than 40 years and only approximately 15% were younger than 30. Thus, the sample, although representative of the states of interest, may be limited in providing very detailed views of substance abuse behavior specifically among young adults.

      The data the authors collected is biased. When the study is 84% white and 60% of them are over 40 there is not an even distribution of subjects being tested. The race factor could be due to the fact that the states chosen are mostly white but this fact still makes the results slightly biased. The fact that the study did not have many younger adults will significantly affect the result because more young people use cannabis recreationally.

    6. By looking at households across four states, this work can provide a broader understanding of medical and recreational cannabis use [18]. In addition, this paper fills a void in the literature by examining the degree of overlap between medicinal and recreational users, as well as their differential use patterns, modes of consumption and sources for cannabis. Understanding whether and how patterns of use among self-reported medical users differs from that of recreational users, and whether medical and recreational users access cannabis through the same or different sources should help us to understand more clearly the extent to which the legalization of cannabis for recreational purposes, and in particular the opening of (non-medical) retail stores, will further change access and use.

      This journal is unlike any other in many ways. It has a larger sample size and it dives deeper into the over all nature of marijuana consumption. By using these methods the data and evidence collected should be much more accurate and much more trustworthy.

    7. Although many states have passed medical cannabis laws, the recent recreational cannabis initiatives mark a dramatic shift in US cannabis policy from the complete outlaw of recreational sales, if not use, to the explicit sanctioning of it. Of particular interest is how these initiatives will affect future recreational and medical cannabis use.

      The authors are writing this journal because of the new trend in legislation and the overall changing in the populations acceptance of cannabis. With weed becoming more readably available, studies like these are going to become more and more common and necessary.

    8. Rosalie Liccardo Pacula,Close author notesCorresponding authorDrug Policy Research Center, RAND, California, CA, USACorrespondence to: Rosalie Pacula, Drug Policy Research Center—RAND, 1776 Main Street, PO Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138, USA. E-mail: pacula@rand.orgSearch for more papers by this authorMireille Jacobson,Close author notesUniversity of California, Irvine - Business School, Irvine, CA, USASearch for more papers by this authorErvant J. Maksabedian

      The SSA or the Society published the article for the Study of Addiction. This group has a stake in studying Marijuana because it is a highly debated topic if weed is addictive or not. So, these writers most likely have experience studying cannabis and its affects. The authors also have to be truthful because the journal is peer reviewed.

    1. In summary, NASA's large expenditures of over $100 million annually for basic research alone and the stimulus provided by space exploration have dramatically transformed astronomy. It has become a more open science with more numerous facilities, research opportunities, and scientists. Younger astronomers with more diverse educational backgrounds have been attracted from other scientific fields to work in several new specialties that have developed. More complex management and funding arrangements and large project efforts demonstrate that astronomy has achieved big science status.

      Article is ended very similarly to the current Juno article I included earlier. NASA helps create a demand for scientists of diverse backgrounds in order to further advance capabilities. By doing so, more jobs are made possible, which we sorely need. This is also beneficial because it shows a specific reason that has stayed the same throughout the decades. This gives credence that benefits from the mid 1900's are the same as today. This allows us to safely argue that the benefits presented in this old article are still prevalent to today.

    2. In 1966 the relative importance of NASA purchases began to decline because of large increases in defense and commercial purchases. Demand for military aircraft rose as a result of the United States commitment in Vietnam

      This is an argument against NASA that is somewhat prevalent to our current situation. In times of war, other groups, such as the military, do more spending and boost the economy more. Since we are dealing with homeland terrorism and ISIS, it could be argued that a larger military would boost the economy more than NASA would.

    3. NASA has served as the R&D organization with the National Meteorological Satellite Program, exercising the responsibility for designing, building, launching, and testing satellites.

      The article explains that NASA is responsible for the United States' satellites that are in orbit. Reading the surrounding text, it is revealed that this means things such as our meteorological satellites, which help us predict the weather. This is an incredibly important thing we use in our daily lives, especially with disaster prevention. It is all thanks to NASA. This is another piece of evidence that can be used to show the importance of NASA, and how it goes beyond the space exploration that most Americans know them for.

    4. Second, federal space and defense programs influenced the computer and semiconductor industries by generating huge markets for such products.

      As NASA expanded its capabilities, it began to reach for further goals, which demand higher technology. They would therefore need to purchase the highest end products available, which would also help to stimulate the economy.

    5. The birth and rapid expansion of the U.S. semiconductor and computer industries during the late 1940s and 1950s were greatly aided by government space and defense programs.

      Very specific example of where NASA allowed considerable growth for the economy. It helped create a booming industry that allowed the eventual creation of a large portion of the technology that we use today, such as our phones, computers, televisions, etc.

    6. MRI concluded that the $25 billion (1958) spent on civilian space R&D during the 1959-69 period returned $52 billion through 1970 and will continue to stimulate benefits through 1987, for a total gain of $181 billion.

      This appears to be an older paper as well. Based off its content, it appears that it was published around the 70's or 80's. However, the information given is still factual and can be used to support current times. The Midwest Research Institute studied the effects that NASA seemed to have on the economy. As seen, the MRI indicated that NASA had turned a massive profit for the economy. Technological advancement groups create products or develop techniques that can advance civilization. When this happens, our capabilities increase. NASA has demonstrated that it created this type of advancement. For every dollar that they had been given, they were able to create advancement that allowed twice as much money to benefit the economy within a decade.

    7. The Economic Impacts of the U.S. Space Program

      Schnee, Jerome. "The Economic Impacts of the U.S. Space Program." NASA. Web. 10 July. 2016.

      This is a detailed account as to how NASA and their projects have impacted the United States. It is a highly credible source, written by a government agency, and published by NASA itself. Jerome is degree backed through Rutgers University, and the article he has written is credible, as shown by the plethora of bibliography entries on the article itself. The only possible case against credibility is the lack of a publication date. However, since this appears to be a database entry, it is understandable why there is not a publication date. As for the audience, this article is most likely for those concerned with budgeting NASA, as well as government transparency.

    1. Contrasted with rising powers, defense budgets in Europe clearly seemed to be stagnating if not dropping.

      Taylor then balances this out by talking about European nations. He explains that the spending in this part of the world is evening out and not increasing year afer year. If anything, it could be dropping. Since these are established countries, the United States could go this way as well, and any increased spending could go to places like NASA. There are many factors that could go into the spending for the United States military and defense. If the threat level stays the same or decreases, there may not be a need to cut NASA's funds, and may even make it possible for them to gain more funding. If the opposite proves true, NASA may in fact need to be cut back in order to allow the increased spending.

    2. Moreover, the overall balance of power in military spending appears to be shifting. Last year, the IISS Military Balance noted the rise of the Asian powers

      This could be an argument against NASA. If other countries begin to spend more, the United States may be inclined to do the same. The spending is so high already that the U.S. may decide to cut other areas. This could include NASA

    3. New technologies mean that the West in general and the United States in particular are losing their technological edge, the report found.

      Further evidence to support the thought that if cuts are to be made, it should be in the military spending. The United States spends half a trillion dollars on its military, which is more than one third the amount of the entire world. However, it could be argued that quality is more important than quantity. Other countries that gain the edge technologically would be able to do more, despite the fact that they do not have as much financial backing. If the United States focused their thinking to this outcome, they could cut cost while keeping the military edge we have established.

    4. On a grand scale, the report showed – yet again – that U.S. military spending easily dwarfed the rest of the world. With a defense budget of around $597 billion, it was almost as much as the next 14 countries put together and far larger than the rest of the world.

      At this point, it may not be very apparent as to why I have chosen this article to discuss spending on space exploration. The reasoning is to discuss another stakeholder viewpoint on the issue. The amount of money that the government allows NASA is incredibly small in comparison to how much is spent on other areas such as military expenditures. This page shows that science (such as NASA) and military both fall under discretionary spending. The military is given so much more money than NASA. Therefore, it could be argued that if the government wanted to cut costs, they should focus on cutting the expenses used for the military instead of NASA.

    5. On Tuesday, the International Institute for Strategic Studies released its Military Balance 2016 report, which seeks to examine closely the changing nature of military power.

      This article is reporting information released from the IISS. This source is incredibly credible, to the point that it helps run international summits. This proves that the information being received is incredibly accurate and will be very informative and factual.

    6. By Adam Taylor and Laris Karklis

      Multiple authors give crediblity.Adam Taylor is a professional writer and focuses on foreign affairs, which gives him large credibility to him penning an article about global spending on defense.

      Laris Karklis is more of an illustrator, providing graphs and pictures to represent data being discussed.

      The Washington Post is a very credible source for news. They are well known, and cover a plethora of topics, as well as maintaining a high standard of professionalism.

    7. This remarkable chart shows how U.S. defense spending dwarfs the rest of the world

      Taylor, Adam, and Karklis, Laris. "This Remarkable Chart Shows How U.S. Defense Spending Dwarfs the Rest of the World." The Washington Post. 9 Feb. 2016 Web. 10 Jul. 2016.

      This article states very specifically that is talks about how the United States spends more money on its defense and military than any other country in the world. Its audience is most likely those concerned with where their tax money is going. It also is to show those interested in more global comparisons just where the United States ranks in terms of spending.

    1. SpaceX’s Grasshopper was a 10-story Vertical Takeoff Vertical Landing (VTVL) vehicle consisting of a Falcon 9 first stage, a single Merlin 1D engine, four steel landing legs with hydraulic dampers, and a steel support structure. In 2013, Grasshopper completed a series of eight flight tests with successful landings, the highest reaching 744 meters high.

      Space X ends the article by describing a third and final product, the Grasshopper. I believe Space X was wise to end the article this way. Although this rocket did not reach as high a distance, the composition of the rocket sounds a lot more impressive. They explain that the Grasshopper was a larger vehicle .They also explain that it was a better comparison to the type of rocket that NASA would use. It contains an engine, and "support structure" on top of the rocket, which makes it appear to be more of the type of craft we think of when talking about NASA. By doing so, Space X makes their product appear to be more of the complete package. They describe only the successes they had with the Grasshopper, in an effort to appease their possible customers.

      As stated previously, this is not an article that could be considered a scholarly article. IT is mostly a large product pitch to people interested in space exploration. They do use facts, and it is accurate information as it is coming from the people in charge of the rockets, but it is biased. However, it shows that one possible solution to funding NASA as much as we do is to privatize part of the work, or at least find a way to reuse parts of the missions to reduce cost.

    2. F9R completed successively higher tests in McGregor, Texas, topping out with a 1000m test using steerable grid fins.

      Space X now shows some successful attempts, to prove that they will reach their goal. They talk about a second product they have that uses a different form of lander. By doing so, they show that there is more than one option for these forms of rockets. They attempt to make the distance sound more impressive, as saying 1000 meters is a lot more impressive sounding than a single kilometer.

    3. In 2014, SpaceX twice reentered a Falcon 9 first stage from space and landed it in the Atlantic Ocean. Using lessons learned from those attempts, in January 2015 SpaceX attempted a precision landing on the drone ship, nicknamed “Just Read the Instructions”.  The rocket made it to the drone ship, but landed hard. SpaceX attempted a second precision landing the following month, this time over water, and the rocket impressively came within 10 meters of its target. Unfortunately, extreme weather prevented recovery.

      Space X does a really good job of explaining its advancements and how it is going about creating the rocket. They describe how they first made rockets that could get to space, then began working on making those that could be landed properly. Space X explains their first attempt made it to the target, but crashed into it instead of landing. However, they actually never say that they failed, just that it "landed hard". This makes it sound as if they were successful, when they actually were not. They do the same when explaining the second failed attempt. By saying that it was extreme weather that caused the failure, they are stating it was not their fault. This is an excellent business technique as it still makes it sound as if their product will work as it has been designed to do.

    4. Through reusability testing during flight and on the ground in McGregor, Texas, SpaceX has made great strides toward this goal.

      Space X states that they are working on creating the rocket that is designed to be used over and over again. They do state that they have not fully created the rocket yet, but are in the process of doing so. This is to ensure their possible customers that the product is being created and not to search for other possibilities while it is being created.

    5. but can fly multiple times per day, and conduct tens of thousands of flights over its lifetime. Following the commercial model, a rapidly reusable space launch vehicle could reduce the cost of traveling to space by a hundredfold.

      Space X uses one of the best ways to show the cost effectiveness of their product that I can ever seen. They describe that the cost of a commercial airliner is about the same as the rocket for a space-destined vehicle. However, the commercial airliner is used thousands of times before going out of service, while the rocket is only used once. By stating this, the audience can see that the cost effectiveness is so much better if the rocket can become reusable. This is where Space X's product would come in.

    6. SpaceX believes a fully and rapidly reusable rocket is the pivotal breakthrough needed to substantially reduce the cost of space access.

      The wording used is very important. It does not attempt to supply the belief as a fact. It is simply stating that this is what the company as a whole believes. However, Space X also repeats the benefit to its product, which makes sure that this is clear in the audiences mind. One of the biggest issues people have with NASA is that their money is being taxed to fund them. By offering a technology that will reduce those costs, your average citizen may be more supporting if they believe that they will not have to pay as much for the program.

    7. If one can figure out how to effectively reuse rockets just like airplanes, the cost of access to space will be reduced by as much as a factor of a hundred.  A fully reusable vehicle has never been done before. That really is the fundamental breakthrough needed to revolutionize access to space.”

      This is a quote from Elon Musk. Musk is the founder and owner of the Space X company. It is a very important quote because it does several things. It describes the main mission of space X that is currently going on. By doing so, we know exactly where the company is coming from. It also talks about the benefit of what it is working on, most importantly the cost cutting it could do to the space program. It also clearly demonstrates the article's audience. The audience are those interested in the product of reusable rockets who may want to purchase the technology, as well as educating the public to what the product means to the industry.

    8. Reusability: The Key to Making Human Life Multi-Planetary

      "Reusiability: The Key To Making Human Life Multi-Planetary." Space X. 10 June. 2015 Web. 10 July. 2016.

      The fist thing that must be said is that this article is not fully scholarly. It is informative, but biased. It does not have a specific author and it comes from a company that is attempting to sell a product. However, there is an incredibly important reason for using this article; it supplies a possible solution to the funding of NASA. As a result, it is a different stakeholder position from the previous article.

    1. At a time when the country is critically short of engineers, especially female ones, it’s heartening to see so many opportunities to inspire students with a love of science.

      Finally, Grady finishes her article with establishing another benefit to the mission that might get more people on board with funding NASA. She states that there is room for high end jobs, to help with unemployment. She also makes special mention that female engineers are wanted, that may appeal to the female demographics as well.

    2. It may not be as sexy as putting a man on the moon, but it’s something I believe we should care as deeply about.

      Grady does several things here. One of the main arguments against funding for NASA is that people do not see probes circling other planets of important. Sending Neil Armstrong to the Moon was impressive and exciting, but this wasn't. However, she stands as a voice for her field, and is attempting to show her audience that this is just as important of a mission.

    3. Since the Voyager missions, it has been known the Saturn-like ring around Jupiter is formed by sulphur dioxide released by volcanism on the moon Io. The planet’s magnetic field traps dust from Io and accelerates it, producing the intense radiation for which Jupiter is notorious.

      Grady mentions the Voyager missions. This shows that the mission is complementing previous mission information, showing the cost of the mission isn't just to tread old ground. By doing so, Grady is building a case that the money is truly being spent to gain and improve our information on the planet of Jupiter.

    4. The craft will go closer, for longer, than any other of Jupiter’s visitors and its colour camera, nicknamed the JunoCam, will snap close-ups of clouds and polar regions. While the on-board instruments will refine what little we know about its composition, which has higher amounts of sulphur, nitrogen and noble gases than expected from a planet basically formed from gases left-over after the sun’s creation.

      Grady is stating the importance of this mission. The reason this is important is because it covers one of the stakeholder positions that will be covered in my paper. It describes the valuable information that NASA and the space exploration community will gain from this mission. By explaining that the mission will give more information than any of the previous explorations to Jupiter so far, it is justifying why the cost of this mission is important. This will in turn show that funding towards space programs is being used responsibly and that the money is not being wasted on treading old ground.

    5. Not only did it have to withstand the planet’s intense radiation field, the £890 million probe also needed to survive intense turbulence and dodge space debris.

      Grady is now getting to the heart of the article. She writes very technically and factual from her on out. It is unbiased as there is no opinion being thrown in. She describes some of the many issues that surround the mission and how much money it has cost to get to the point it is today.

    6. It’s mission? To solve the mystery of what lies beneath the planet’s swirling storm clouds.

      She now brings the viewer back to the main purpose of the article; to talk about the Juno mission. She does so by expressly stating what the mission is.

    7. . Indeed, it sounds like the plot of a Hollywood sci-fi blockbuster – the craft even had the courtesy to arrive at Jupiter on Independence Day.

      Grady attempting to further connect with her audience, people interested and invested in space exploration, by talking about something other than the mission. she refers to Independence Day, a popular sci-fi action movie that also happens to refrence the day the real life mission of Juno became successful.

    8. It was a scene that made me smile. Back in November 2014, I experienced the same feeling of elation after robot probe Philae - a project I had worked with colleagues on for almost 20 years – finally landed on a comet, after detaching from the Rosetta satellite.

      Grady does several things with this statement. First, she adds to her credibility for reporting on this topic. By working on a mission similar to this one, she is showing that she has an insider's view on missions such as this, instead of being purely an outsider. She also establishes emotion into the article by going into more detail into the excitement that goes on within these missions, and how she had a genuine emotion to the announcement and reaction of the mission.

    9. the hardest thing Nasa has ever attempted. Little wonder, then, that the cheers of its jubilant scientists reverberated around the world, last week, as spacecraft Juno arrived in the Jovian system after an epic five year, 1.8 billion mile, journey.

      Grady starts the actual article by talking about just how impressive the Juno mission is in of itself. The fact that the success of the mission was an exciting announcement to the entire world speaks volumes as to how impressive this mission has become.

    10. Monica Grady, Professor of Planetary and Space Science at the Open University

      Article gives a brief biography of who the author is, and points to a leader in the field, showing a reputable and scholarly source. Open University is an accredited university that offers online schooling for European countries, verifying the author is in fact a professor.

    11. How Nasa's Juno Jupiter probe could be about to solve the solar system's biggest mystery of all

      Grady, Monica. "How Nasa's Juno Jupiter probe could be about to solve the solar system's biggest mystery of all." The Telegraph. 10 July. 2016. Web. 10 July. 2016.

      Grady uses a title that helps support her overall point of this paper. This mission is incredibly important for NASA, as well as our understanding of the solar system that Earth inhabits.

    1. It was building for the future, and the future has arrived. Amazon doesn’t have to seduce customers with a deal because they’re going to buy anyway.”

      This is how, Amazon has earned brand recognition. Now, Amazon has loyal customers, who will not go anywhere else and would purchase from Amazon regardless of attractive deals available or not. So, this is the time to encash the built reputation.

    2. Amazon wants to be so deeply embedded in a customer’s life that buying happens as naturally as breathing, and nearly as often.

      Amazon wants to become an integral part of daily routine of the customers. Hence, the company is changing tactics and strategies in order to be successful without compromising with the profit margin.

    3. The retailer built a reputation and hit $100 billion in annual revenue by offering deals. The first thing a potential customer saw was a bargain:

      The competition is high and it coaxed all the companies to provide huge discounts in order to lure people. The customers were sharp and made purchases on the basis of discount percentage given.

    1. Her calculation is that she will be dealing with a Republican Party that is deeply fractured and demoralized after the defeat of Mr. Trump,

      This suggests over-confidence about winning the presidential elections. She has planned everything well in advance.

    2. Mrs. Clinton’s 100 days that she would look to push issues that might be broadly popular, like infrastructure jobs and a breakthrough on immigration.

      Hilary Clinton is too focused and her first 100 days plan clearly proves this. She has thought of all the issues and problems that need to be addressed with immediate attention.

    3. Mrs. Clinton thinks she would be a better dealmaker than President Obama if she finds willing partners on the other side

      The expectations of Mrs. Clinton are highlighted. However, the remark may not be taken in a good light by Mr. Obama and his office bearers. This could also be taken as comparison and putting down the other person.

    4. Deeply confident that she would perform better as the president than as a political candidate, Mrs. Clinton wants to pursue a whole new approach at the White House to try to break through years of partisan gridlock, according to a dozen campaign advisers and allies who described her goals and outlook.

      The confidence and charisma of Mrs. Clinton is unparalleled. She is dynamic and wants to prove her mettle after becoming the president of the United States.

    5. In her first 100 days, she would also tap women to make up half of her cabinet in hopes of bringing a new tone and collaborative sensibility to Washington

      This is an agenda for the presidential campaign by Hilary Clinton. She is inclined to give more power to women in order to bring equity in the best possible form.

    1. As the United States and its allies uproot the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, its supporters may turn to terrorism wherever they are, many terrorism experts believe.

      This is a serious concern. Some steps to curb and control terrorism may give rise to terrorism in future. Hence, all the steps should be chosen carefully.

    2. The classified counterterrorism drone campaign, he said, has targeted other groups, notably Al Qaeda’s old core in Pakistan, its branch in Yemen and the Shabab in Somalia.

      This is in connection with 9/11 attacks. Al Qaeda was held responsible then for terrorism and attacks in the United States.

    3. But I don’t feel like we have enough information to analyze whether this tactic is working and helping us achieve larger strategic aims.”

      This statement suggests ambiguity that even government personnel are facing due to terrorism. There is lack of information with the government. Transparency is the need of the hour along with accurate information.

    4. The United States could kill just the small number of dangerous terrorists it wanted to kill, leaving nearby civilians unharmed.

      This suggests how careful United States is. Even after severe attack, the focus of the country is to cause no harm to the civilians living nearby due to terrorism attacks and defense.

    1. In the 2015-16 world rankings, a more accurate gauge for comparison than the calendar-year lists because it includes Australia’s summer season, three Americans (Ledecky, Lilly King and Josh Prenot) combined for world bests in five of 26 events. Phelps’s 200 butterfly time at these trials did not place him in the top five in the world. Neither did the winning times in the women’s 200 breaststroke, 100 freestyle or 200 butterfly.

      The America swimmers times this year are making me very excited for the Olympic swimming this summer. I think the US has a good chance to win lots of events this summer.

    2. Of all Michael Phelps’s feats, this one may be the most remarkable: He has been to four Olympics without once having to perform a skit in front of the other American swimmers.

      Michael Phelps has fascinated me ever since I saw him in 2000. Also, I was a swimmer in high school so I have no idea how he can go so fast. Also, it is incredible that he can sustain his swimming skills for all these years.

    1. Donald Drumpf, himself, should run also for vice president. He has told the public that “my primary consultant is myself.” True, this would be a bit unusual. But rather than tie him to hidebound historical precedents, let’s free him to be who he is. It would be just so beautiful.

      Donald Trump picking himself would be different than any other president, yet I could see Trump choosing himself. He loves himself and thinks he is the best person in the world.

    2. Your Thoughts on Drumpf’s V.P. (Serious and Snarky)

      I am fascinated with Trump and the entire presidential race this year. This article caught my eye because Trump's V.P. is going to be an interesting choice.

    1. To gain more data on the auroras, the Hubble Space Telescope has been staring at Jupiter for 45 minutes every day for the past month. At Earth, auroras light up when solar wind particles slam into molecules of air near the polar regions. At Jupiter, the charged particles come mostly from a different source: the volcanos of Io. Jupiter’s powerful magnetic fields then accelerate the particles into the planet’s atmosphere.

      It is very cool to see that Earth is not the only planet in our solar system to have auroras. Also, Jupiter's auroras are beautiful. I loved learning how the auroras are created.

    2. As NASA’s Juno spacecraft closes in for its Monday arrival at Jupiter, many other eyes are also staring at the solar system’s largest planet.

      I am extremely interested with all things space. So an article about our solar system's largest planet got me very excited. I do not know much about Jupiter.

    1. “I believe that Donald Trump believes that America is an exceptional nation and that we need to tend more closely to our core national-security interests,” Cotton said.

      Taking a direct quote from the "Republican Hawk" himself, it could be argued that this article is incredibly credible. However, the only part of this article that seems to be credible is the quotes themselves, since they come from the person involved. The explanation and wording between quotes are more opinionated and have a mild agenda. If further research were to be found, it would be best to find opposing sides to the argument in order to balance out the current opinion. However, I do not believe this article on its own should be considered fully credible.

    2. How, then, can Cotton possibly support the likely GOP nominee for president?

      This quote shows that the writer is at least partially biased against Donald Trump. After all, Trump is in fact the republican nominee, no matter if you support him or not. Therefore, it would be logical that other republicans were supporting him.

    3. Why Would a Republican Hawk Support Donald Trump?

      This article deals with a future nomination for president. SInce this will effect the United States,as well as a the world, this is a very important topic to discuss, and one that will hvae continuing coverage during the months to come, in addition to the things that have come up so far. However, as with all politics, it is very hard to find truly credible coverage of such a topic, as this is obviously an opinion piece.

    1. The end may be a tad bittersweet for such a groundbreaking mission, said Rick Nybakken, Juno’s project manager at JPL.

      This is yet another credible article. Not only is it from a well known news outlet, but there are also direct quotes throughout from the heads of NASA's mission. This gives first person accounts, and shows that this article is legitimate.

    2. As it completes 37 orbits over 20 months, Juno will have to withstand a brutal onslaught of radiation.

      This further shows that there will be further information on later dates, but we will most likely not have the entirety of it for two full years. In additon, there is a possibility that the mission will fail, and all possible information will not actually surface.

    3. NASA’s Juno mission: Unravel Jupiter’s secrets and solve mysteries of life

      Since NASA is undergoing a mission to analyze Jupiter, it is very likely that there will be a way to find more information on this topic. Since it is a space mission, and my prior knowledge to these sorts of missions, it is not very likely that all of the information will come in soon. Instead, it will be given out on semi-regular updates throughout the weeks and months to come.

    1. “it is good practice to ask which pronoun a person uses”.

      I believe we should teach ourselves to use it in every introduction we make like, "Hello my name is Karry Knight, I'm a student at CSU, and my pronouns are he/his/him and she/her/hers" If we make it a normal part of our routine people won' t freak out about asking people what pronouns they use.