143 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2015
    1. The growth of the American economy reshaped American life in the decades before the Civil War.

      Life seemed to be much more better before the civil war.

    1. Among these were issues including married women’s right to property, access to the professions, and, most controversially, the right to vote.

      These women fought for our rights and should be acknowledged as an important person. We did not have any rights to our property or to even vote. But because they fought for our rights, women have rights as of today and some parts of the country has ended slavery.

    2. They began to see that they would need to fight for women’s rights simply in order to be able to fight for the rights of slave

      This is the best thing that they could have done to help the slaves.

    3. several female reformers worked tirelessly to increase women’s access to educatio

      This should be for women, men and children as well.

    4. men gained legal control over their wives’ property

      I guess this was okay back then but I am more than happy that this is not how society works as of today.

    5. . As a result, women actually became more visible and active in the public sphere than ever before

      And women should be treated equally as men.

    6. Women and men of all colors were encouraged to associate together in these spaces to combat what they termed “color phobia.”

      Everyone should be able to come together as a community and not because of color.

    7. Temperance reformers pledged not to touch the bottle

      This made a huge impact on their community and a huge impact on families.

    8. Alcohol consumption became a significant social issue after the American Revolution

      This is much needed after all this war.

    9. Transcendentalists

      promotes spiritual thinking instead of scientific thinking

    10. As the borders of the United States expanded during the nineteenth century and as new demographic changes altered urban landscapes, revivalism also offered worshippers a source of social and religious structure to help cope with change.

      And for ministers and preachers to spread their service

    11. Communion,

      What do they mean by this?

    1. policies of their owners

      which I am pretty sure that they were not lenient.

    2. Some owners allowed their enslaved people to roam, in order to scavenge for food, in times of drought or crop failures

      They also gave them parts of a food that they would not eat.

    3. Africans survived on the slave ships on diets which the European captain thought were appropriate for their survival

      Which was not the best idea. These Africans suffered from starving but yet they have to put energy into completing the task that they are given.

    4. they created new instruments

      They had to be creative with what they have.

    5. American-born slaves grew up speaking these languages naturally

      And they have adapted to that culture as well.

    6. Europeans arrived, and as their trading presence became more concentrated

      as well as the increase of slaves.

    1. to the astonishment of the Negroes on the plantation, who thought I had made my escape to some other part of the country, as my father had done before

      I am curious as to what was also running through his mind when he seen all of the "Negroes"

    2. employed I was reflecting on many things that would present themselves to my imagination;

      settings goals and see your future

    1. millions of dollars changed hands.

      Business is booming and everyone is getting their hands on good commodities.

    2. A single bad crop could cost even most wealthy, landed planter his or her entire life

      this puts slavery at risk

    3. slavery became a way of life,

      They had to adapt themselves to slavery.

    4. sucking up nutrients at a rate with which the soil could not compete

      I'm pretty sure that when the tobacco was booming that this was the main crop growing. With the tobacco treating the land poor, how much of the land did the farmers destroy.

    5. sending 6.5 million pounds of the luxurious long-staple blend to markets in Charleston, Liverpool, London, and New York.

      I can only imagine how much work this took to get 6.5 million pounds of cotton and how many people had worked on it.

    6. The change was astonishing.

      New land

    1. hailed with gratitude and joy.

      But then again, this would mean that they would have to leave their homeland.

    2. cruel in this Government

      It is cruel that someone has to purchase their own land.

    3. have melted away to make room for the whites.

      This is nice but I hope that they don't clear them out

    4. enable those States to advance rapidly in population, wealth, and power. I

      So then they won't have to go to war.

  2. Oct 2015
    1. exercise that constituent power.

      At least they started somewhere.

    2. national political community; it helped to focus the American people's attention on the political component of their national identity.

      And had hopefully brought everyone together and be equal

    3. all except Rhode Island,

      But they were later forced to join everyone else.

    4. Who were the Anti-Federalists?

      They were the ones who created a strong government

    1. Anti-Federalists” argued that without such a guarantee of specific rights, American citizens risked losing their personal liberty to the powerful federal government. The pro-ratification “Federalists,” on the other hand, argued that including a bill of rights was not only redundant but dangerous; it could limit future citizens from adding new rights.

      Pros and cons to both side.

    2. critics of the Constitution organized to persuade voters in the different states to oppose it.

      Some voters were not happy during this ratification process.

    3. That was part of why Massachusetts had chosen to side with its wealthy bondholders over poor western farmers.

      They would think that the rich ones would help them out.

    4. Shays’ Rebellion, generated intense national debate
    5. Shaysites as rebels who wanted to rule the government through mob violence

      I think Bowdoin was over thinking things and should have approached these men and asked what they wanted out of this.

    1. Dunmore began to convince some slave owners that a new independent nation might offer a surer protection for slaver
    2. Slaves could now choose to run and risk their lives for possible freedom with the British army, or hope that the United States would live up to its ideals of liberty. 

      I'm positive they that the slaves chosed their freedom.

    3. Lord Dunmore issued a proclamation declaring martial law and offering freedom to “all indentured servants, Negros, and others” if they would leave their masters and join the British.


    4. “may be publicly known,

      Putting them to shame

    5. Some women also took to the streets as part of more unruly mob actions, participating in grain riots, raids on the offices of royal officials, and demonstrations against the impressment of men into naval service. The agitation of so many helped elicit responses from both Britain and the colonial elites.

      These women stepped up on their rights.

    6. The colonial economy improved as the postwar recession receded

      Colonies are starting to come together.

    7. Declaratory Act, was left, in part, to save face and assert that Parliament still retained the right to tax the colonies.
    8. The soldiers were tried in Boston and won acquittal, thanks, in part, to their defense attorney, John Adams.

      John Adams

    9. Non-importation, and especially, non-consumption agreements changed colonists’ cultural relationship with the mother country. Committees of Inspection that monitored merchants and residents to make sure that no one broke the agreements.
    10. Women, too, became involved to an unprecedented degree in resistance to the Townshend Acts.

      They put these women to work

    11. So Britain’s next attempt to draw revenues from the colonies, the Townshend Acts, were passed in June 1767, creating new customs duties on common items, like lead, glass, paint, and tea, instead of direct taxes.
    12. By November 16, all of the original twelve stamp collectors had resigned, and by 1766, groups who called themselves the “Sons of Liberty” were formed in most of the colonies to direct and organize further popular resistance.

      They were not good leaders.

    13. Violent riots broke out in Boston, during which crowds burned the appointed stamp distributor for Massachusetts, Andrew Oliver, in effigy and pulled a building he owned “down to the Ground in five minutes.”15

      Rioters were not happy

    14. The Sugar Act of 1764 was an attempt to get merchants to pay an already-existing duty, but the Stamp Act created a new

      I don't believe everyone should be paying for the price of the war especially to the ones that did not want no part in it. I think this is for all selfish reasons and to cover up what they had caused.

    15. “The colonists are entitled to as ample rights, liberties, and privileges as the subjects of the mother country are, and in some respects to more.”3

      If they come together as a colony, they can outrule the person that are calling all shots.

    16. hey sought to eliminate Britain’s growing national debt by raising taxes and cutting spending on the colonies.

      This will lead to controversial over raising tax.

    1. The right of women to vote was not recognized by the United States until 1920, more than 144 years after the Declaration of Independence.

      It took a very long time, but we women now have our rights.

    2. very liable to be broken;


    3. retaining an absolute power over wives.

      He wants to be in control

    4. I cannot but laugh.

      He should have taken some advice from his wife.

    5. attention is not paid to the ladies,

      She knows that as women, we have as much power as men.

    6. new code

      I believe this code she is talking about is women rights.

    1. colonies are governed

      If the colony were being lead in a wrong direction, then maybe they need of change of govern.

    2. change

      It is always one person that wants to come in and believe that they will make a change.

    1. Different taxation schemes implemented across the colonies between 1763 and 1774 placed duties on items like tea, paper, molasses, and stamps for almost every kind of document.

      This is how they were able to pay for the debt that the war brought.

    2. would continue to employ this strategy to consolidate their power in North America


    3. royal protection of Indian lands

      even though Indians did not win all of there war, other colonist respected them.

    4. settled for peace.

      I believe that if they did not have any shortage, they would have went to war.

    5. influential in its development.

      one person can be such an impact

    6. exposed divisions within the newly expanded empire, including language, national affiliation, and religious views.

      I believe this is how the war ended

    7. invasion, a massive coalition of France, Austria, Russia, and Sweden attacked Prussia and the few German states allied with Prussia

      This was probably the only way that they thought they would win the war.

    8. The French defeated Britain’s German allies and forced them to surrender after the Battle of Hastenbeck in 1757.
    9. French seemed to easily defeat British attacks,

      They went burning their things down

    10. Seven Years War was tremendously expensive and precipitated imperial reforms on taxation, commerce, and politics

      This will only help with the finances to their colonies.

  3. Sep 2015
    1. Poor me

      Everyone has these days but I think that everyone should make everything positive out of a negative situation.

    2. I was possesst with a notion that if I had it I would die and goe right to hell,

      I don't believe because you have a disease that you will go to hell. What I do believe is that everyone has a day where their gonna leave whether it's to heaven or hell.

  4. classicliberal.tripod.com classicliberal.tripod.com
    1. supreme power cannot take from any man any part of his property without his own consent

      Unless a warrant is presented

    2. legislative or supreme authority cannot assume to itself a power to rule by extemporary arbitrary decrees, but is bound to dispense justice and decide the rights of the subject by promulgated standing laws

      These laws are made for justice and to make sure everyone is treated equally.

    3. power to punish the crimes committed against that law

      Sometimes laws are not understandable by some people but without law, society is at risk.

    4. every man his equal

      As well as women

    5. equal to the greatest and subject to nobody

      Everyone at an equal level.

    1. peace and prosperity

      If people were not greedy and selfish, this world would've already been at peace.

    2. The Seven Years’ War pushed the thirteen American colonies closer together politically and culturally than ever before.
    3. preparation for war

      Only to protect themselves. I don't think that it was fair for them to just rule out the Natives because of that because there are plenty other colonies that have shed blood on their hands from victims.

    4. urged greater Atlantic trade

      Coming in contact with newcomers.

    5. This gave the British a larger empire than they could control, which contributed to tensions leading to revolution.

      They were not happy so they had to favor a new system.

    6. The Seven Years’ War ended with the peace treaties of Paris in 1762 and Hubertusburg in 1763. The British received much of Canada and North America from the French, while the Prussians retained the important province of Silesia.
    7. Raiding parties would destroy houses and burn crops, but they would also take captives

      Seemed like they wanted to show them that they had more power and destructive.

    8. wives asserted more control over their own bodies.

      As a women, they should be able to make their own decision from their family to their own bodies.

    9. more people to marry earlier in life

      This has had to have been a mistake for them. Taking on this type of responsibility is a lot of work.

    10. women’s role in the family became more complicated

      A women role will always be complicated.

    11. a group of about 80 slaves set out for Spanish Florida under a banner that read “Liberty!,” burning plantations and killing at least 20 white settlers as they marched.

      Fighting for Justice!

    12. idea that government was put in place by the people

      This would only be fair because they are able to keep tabs on them while they do the same.

    13. many of these assemblies saw it as their duty to check the power of the governor and ensure that he did not take too much power within colonial government.

      It only shows that they were not to trustworthy of their governor as well.

    14. charter colonies had the most complex system of government, formed by political corporations or interest groups who drew up a charter that clearly delineated powers between executive, legislative, and judiciary branches of government.
    15. These crown governors could veto any decision made by the legislative assemblies in the provincial colonies.
    16. cared for the poor in their communities

      It's nice of them to care for their community. Their trying to build their community up.

    17. colonial government also had more power in a variety of areas.

      This gave them the upper hand to make decisions. As if they were process of making new laws for their colony.

    18. sizeable free black community that made up about 10% of the city’s population

      Slaves are in the process of winning their full rights.

    1. brutal cruelty


    2. lmost suffocated us.

      Limited space.

    3. chains and fettered two together.

      They been already been ripped away from their pride, why humiliate them more?

    4. pieces of cloth

      They least that they could have done was let them have a piece of what belongs to them.

    5. Africans still resisted:

      They fought for their rights and they deserve it.

    6. guilty

      Europeans and Spaniards should be qgilty for what they have done.

    7. violently affected by the seasickness than the Europeans

      Europeans were the ones to spread the disease and at the time, why not blame the Africans when they're already physically harmed

    8. brutal excesses as disgrace human nature

      The humiliation and all the suffering that they went through.

    1. transatlantic slave trade provided such a workforce.

      Slaves didn't have much of a choice.

    2. colonists who wished to claim land in frontier territories were threatened by the violence inherent in the Indian slave trade.

      Everyone wants to claim a piece of land but didn't have any decency to realize that the land is someone else home.

    3. sold hundreds of North American Indians into slavery in the West Indies.

      Its seems that they captured as many slaves as they can to make a profit.

    4. New laws gave legal sanction to the enslavement of people of African descent for life.

      African deserves to be treated as human beings

    5. facilitating the natural reproduction of slaves

      Slaves are getting raped by their masters

    6. Europeans made the first steps toward an Atlantic slave trade in the 1440s

      Is this how European came into contact with others?

    7. cassava,

      Poisonous if not prepared correctly.

    8. sufferings of slaves from shipboard infections and close quarters in the hold

      There were not enough space for the slaves to move so they were getting weak. slaves were toppled on each other which cause slaves that were bunked below others were urinated and pooped on.

    9. desperation that drove some slaves to suicide

      They would rather kill themselves instead of being another mans property.

    10. By the eighteenth century, colonial governments often discouraged the practice, although it never ceased entirely as long as slavery was, in general, a legal institution.

      slave trade should have been illegal due to humanity.

    11. 24,000 and 51,000 Native Americans were forced into slavery

      How do historians come up with this number? During that time there were a war going on fighting for freedom and slaves were unhappy and were fighting back and some were also running away or getting hung.

    12. Barbados Assembly refused to import the New England Indians for fear they would encourage rebellion.

      I believe that if all slaves came together that they could have out win their master.

    13. educated a substantial number of slaves

      This minister must have not believed in slavery.

    14. men and women of the American colonies created new worlds

      And when creating New Worlds, it lead to dividing colonies and territories.

    15. 1)What threat did Anne Hutchinson pose to the Puritan society? Hutchinson embrace to believe that those elected by god could communicate directly with god and puritan can be relieved of tension associated with the uncertainty. Theological and sociable.

      2)What are some of the explanations for the outbreak of witchcraft accusations in Salem, MA? Historians believed that the outgrowth of conflicts between the rising merchant class and the people who are tied to the land based economy that the wealth and growing power of the merchant were achieved at the expense of power.

      3)What fear does Bacon's rebellion cause among the ruling class? What transition does it hasten? Bacon's rebellion demonstraits that poor indentured servants and poor African slaves could be united. The fear hasten the transition away from indentured servant to racialize African slavery.

    1. three years ago we were all in peace

      I do not see how Mrs. Hutchinson is disturbing the peace by holding meetings at her house.

    2. fitting for your sex

      I think it was punishment for women years ago to be judge because of our sex. A woman should have many rights as a man.

    1. divide and separate us who have suffered by their oppressions.

      It must have been a painful situation. The king put his two foot down and served his country.

    2. surrender themselves

      With all the bloods that were left in their hands and all of the innocents people who have died. Sir William Berkeley should surrender himself and deal with the consequences.

    3. cries of blood

      Barbarous murders. Blood were shed everywhere.

    1. left their community each decade.

      They got tired of Winthrop and decided to move on with their lives.

    2. Puritan had made a covenant with God to establish a truly Christian community

      I believe they the puritans were trying to exposed there community to become a christian. This has all to do with being religious and in a way I think that they want to control peoples mind and talk them into believing whatever it is that they believe in.

    1. Since tobacco production rapidly exhausted the soil of nutrients,

      I believe that if they knew how to take care of the plantation, the soil would have not been exhausted. I felt that once they harvested the tabacco, instead of taking the time to give the soil the nutrients, they were being greedy by just planting and planting because it was a hit for tobacco and everyone wanted some the farmers just kept producing the tobacco to sell.

    2. barbarously murdered

      Just cruel. These children did not deserve to die, how could they have known what was going on?

    3. destroy them who sought to destroy us

      Revenge is not always the best option. Instead of killing hundreds of people, they could have taken a different route.

    1. The New England climate and soil made large-scale plantation agriculture impractical, so the system of large landholders using masses of slaves or indentured servants to grow labor-intensive crops never took hold.

      these slaves were treated poorly

    2. He launched a surprise attack and in a single day (March 22, 1622) killed 347 colonists, or one-fourth of all the colonists in Virginia.

      He wanted to be greedy

    3. The reliance on new imports of slaves increased the likelihood of resistance, however, and escaped slaves managed to create several free settlements, called quilombos.

      I wonder f the free slaves were able to help one of their kind to get out of slavery?

    4. Some enslaved Africans, for instance, successfully sued for back wages.

      Did the slaves leave when they wanted too> what is a half freedom?

    5. The colony’s first African marriage occurred in 1641, and by 1650 there were at least 500 African slaves in the colony

      Where were these slaves imported from? It had to take many slaves to build New Amsterdam.

    6. Transactions like these illustrated both the Dutch attempt to find a more peaceful process of colonization and the inconsistency between European and Native American understandings of property.

      In order to keep the transaction going, it would best to keeps things calm and peaceful.

    7. Spanish missionaries brought Indians into enclosed missions, whereas Jesuits more often lived with or alongside Indian groups.

      During that time, slavery still occurred.

    8. Santa Fe, the first permanent European settlement in the Southwest, was established in 1610. Few Spaniards relocated to the southwest due to the distance from Mexico City and the dry and hostile environment.

      Spaniards are relocating and are in contact with the Europeans.

    9. Indian traders carried surplus products east along the Camino Real, the royal road that connected the western anchor of the mission system with St. Augustine.

      Trade and exchange

    10. When Oñate sacked the Pueblo city of Acoma, the “sky city,” the Spaniards slaughtered nearly half of its roughly 1,500 inhabitants, including women and children. Oñate ordered one foot cut off of every surviving male over 15 and he enslaved the remaining women and children.1

      I was wondering if he wanted to become a dictator?