26 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2021
    1. As the first United States ambassador to France, he exemplified the emerging American nation.

      Exemplified - he embodies the spirit of America. Free thinking, forward looking, willing to push boundaries and challenge the establishment.

    2. In a 1772 letter to Joseph Priestley, Franklin lays out the earliest known description of the Pro & Con list,[100] a common decision-making technique, now sometimes called a decisional balance sheet:

      I still use this method today. In my job, we use it to decide on possible courses of action - weighing the pros and cons of each against another.

    3. Benjamin Franklin's father, Josiah Franklin, was a tallow chandler, soaper, and candlemaker

      Franklin came from parents with an ordinary background, and rose to become one of the greatest statesmen, scientist, inventors, and authors of his day.

    4. In those wretched countries where a man cannot call his tongue his own, he can scarce call anything his own. Whoever would overthrow the liberty of a nation must begin by subduing the freeness of speech ... Without freedom of thought there can be no such thing as wisdom, and no such thing as public liberty without freedom of speech, which is the right of every man ...

      It’s interesting to see this being debated today with the fight over freedom of speech in social media. You could argue that social media is today’s version of the earlier pamphlets.

    5. A Loyalist to the king, William Franklin and his father Benjamin eventually broke relations over their differences about the American Revolutionary War, as Benjamin Franklin could never accept William's position

      You can see this type of schism at work in today’s society. News media is full of stories of families that have become divided over politics and, more recently, some of the conspiracy theories that are running throughout society - Quanon.

    6. satire

      Satire was often times used as a method of critiquing the power structures of the day, as well as making comments on other aspects of society. Direct criticism was frowned upon, and often times punished, but you could get away with veiling your criticism as humor.

    7. Franklin thereby invented the first newspaper chain. It was more than a business venture, for like many publishers since he believed that the press had a public-service duty

      Long before the internet, and even national level newspapers, Franklin understood the power of the written word. His, and other like minded individual’s words were distributed in the form of pamphlets, that extolled their ideas on liberty and justice, and spread those words to all who were interested.

    8. A polymath, he was a leading writer, printer, political philosopher, politician, Freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, humorist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat

      In stark contrast to today’s specialist that focus on being the best at one or maybe two areas of concentration. Like many of his contemporaries, Benjamin Franklin made contributions to a broad spectrum of pursuits.

  2. Feb 2021
    1. Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue.

      How it works - what it seeks to accomplish.

    2. In the course of the negotiations, certain promises were made by the merchants--for example, to remove the stores' humiliating racial signs

      Historical background on Birmingham

    3. n any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: collection of the facts to determine whether injustices exist; negotiation; self purification; and direct action. We have gone through all these steps in Birmingham

      He is detailing his methodology - it’s not random

    4. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere

      Getting to the very core of the matter - it doesn’t matter where he is from - if one person is suffering from injustice, than all are.

    5. But more basically, I am in Birmingham because injustice is here

      Boom! To the point. He is fighting injustice

    6. I have the honor of serving as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization operating in every southern state, with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia. We have some eighty five affiliated organizations across the South, and one of them is the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights.

      His credentials - why his voice matters.

    7. But since I feel that you are men of genuine good will and that your criticisms are sincerely set forth, I want to try to answer your statement in what I hope will be patient and reasonable terms.

      He is stating the reason he has decided to deviate from not addressing criticism. He feels these people are deserving of an answer.

    8. My Dear Fellow Clergymen

      Who letter is addressed to

  3. Jan 2021
    1. Albert assumed the regnal name "George VI" to emphasise continuity with his father and restore confidence in the monarchy.
    2. From 1909, Albert attended the Royal Naval College, Osborne, as a naval cadet. In 1911 he came bottom of the class in the final examination, but despite this he progressed to the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth.[
    3. George became known as a symbol of British determination to win the war.
    4. George was seen as sharing the hardships of the common people and his popularity soared.
    5. In September 1939, the British Empire and Commonwealth—except Ireland—declared war on Nazi Germany.
    6. n the mid-1920s, he had speech therapy for a stammer, which he learned to manage to some degree.
    7. He married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923, and they had two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret.

      Immediate family

    8. Known as "Bertie" among his family and close friends, George VI was born in the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria and was named after his great-grandfather Albert, Prince Consort.

      Who were his parents?

    9. He attended naval college as a teenager and served in the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force during the First World War.

      His service history

    10. George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.

      Who he was.