4 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2023
    1. The most pronounced East-West cleavages, however, emerged along cultural lines, rather than economic or geopolitical ones. In 1993, Samuel Huntington was the first to predict that the Iron Curtain, which had politically and ideologically divided Europe for half a century, would be replaced by “the Velvet Curtain” of culture. Western Europe, he wrote, has been predominantly Catholic, Protestant, and Anglican, while Eastern Europe has been predominantly Orthodox — and this has led to the emergence of very different social values. Where Western Europe developed a more individualistic and secular culture that values “liberal” rights and freedoms, Eastern Europe has historically had a more collectivist and family-oriented culture, with a greater emphasis on family, community, social relationships and religion. Following the Cold War, the CEE states strove to be more politically and socially aligned with the West. But key differences remained on issues such as immigration, abortion and gay rights, as well as over national sovereignty.

      This seems somewhat overstated. The two main countries in the CEE who are most prone to cultural and political conflict with Eastern Europe are Hungary and Poland, neither of which is Orthodox. Eastern Europe is more conservative on social issues, but the reason for the conflict isn't about a difference in religion per se -- Greece is Orthodox and has no such conflict with the EU or its social policy.

  2. Aug 2022
  3. Dec 2020
  4. Aug 2020