19 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2023
    1. I hope anyway, it is a hope – that there will be some sort of partnership between bottom-up and top-down that will provide guidance to leaders to put the right things in place.
      • for: quote, quote - Kevin Anderson, quote - bottom-up and top-down partnership, IPCC AR6 WGIII demand side reduction and bottom-up actions
      • quote
        • I hope that there will be some sort of partnership between bottom-up and top-down that will provide guidance to leaders to put the right things in place.
      • author: Kevin Anderson
      • date: Sept., 2023

      • comment

  2. Jul 2022
    1. What is so maddening is that there are alternatives. There is an abundance of theory and arguments that could lead the way. The latest IPCC report had an entire section that doesn’t propose technofixes but instead explores how energy demand could be managed to ensure that everyone has enough to thrive while ensuring the biosphere doesn’t die. 

      IPCC AR6 WG III chapter 5: Demand, services and social aspects of mitigation https://hyp.is/go?url=https%3A%2F%2Freport.ipcc.ch%2Far6wg3%2Fpdf%2FIPCC_AR6_WGIII_FinalDraft_Chapter05.pdf&group=world

    1. Chapter 5: Demand, services and social aspects of mitigation

      Public Annotation of IPCC Report AR6 Climate Change 2022 Mitigation of Climate Change WGIII Chapter 5: Demand, Services and Social Aspects of Mitigation

      NOTE: Permission given by one of the lead authors, Felix Creutzig to annotate with caveat that there may be minor changes in the final version.

      This annotation explores the potential of mass mobilization of citizens and the commons to effect dramatic demand side reductions. It leverages the potential agency of the public to play a critical role in rapid decarbonization.

  3. Jun 2022
    1. What may be required, therefore, is a significant reduction of societal demand for all resources, of all kinds.”

      This is consistent with the recommendations from "Ostrich or the Phoenix".IPCC latest report AR6 Ch. 5 also advocates the huge emissions reduction achievable with demand reduction.

    1. the inter-connectedness of the crises we face climate pollution biodiversity and 00:07:54 inequality require our change require a change in our exploitative relationship to our planet to a more holistic and caring one but that can only happen with a change in our behavior

      As per IPCC AR6 WGIII, Chapter 5 outlining for the first time, the enormous mitigation potential of social aspects of mitigation - such as behavioral change - can add up to 40 percent of mitigation. And also harkening back to Donella Meadows' leverage points that point out shifts in worldviews, paradigms and value systems are the most powerful leverage points in system change.

      Stop Reset Go advocates humanity builds an open source, open access praxis for Deep Humanity, understand the depths of what it means to be a living and dying human being in the context of an entwined culture. Sharing best practices and constantly crowdsourcing the universal and salient aspects of our common humanity can help rapidly transform the inner space of each human INTERbeing, which can powerfully influence outer (social) transformation.

  4. May 2022
    1. The hyper-response aims to deflate or attack the hyperthreat by operating at the microlevel through “mesh-interventions” as well as at the macrolevel through realignment of great nation states and tribes.

      In IPCC AR6 WGIII Parlence, middle actors can mediate a community scale change, which becomes a force multiplier for individual change. Supercharging individual change is what can lead to significant scale of impact through many and many types of mesh interventions. The scale of such mesh interventions will have a "trickle up" effect to affect and accelerate the actions of top down actors.

      This would be truly empowering as the current agency of the individual at the grassroots level is ineffectual.

      Stop Reset Go (SRG) s a simple but powerful meme that is designed to be used by anyone to effect transition. When we recognize that something is harmful and needs to change, SRG can be invoked as a simple rule for transition. The colors of the traffic light are used as a mnemonic aid. If there is a problem with a human process, then STOP. think of an alternative way of achieving the same goal that does not bring about the harm (RESET). When the alternative has been trialed, tested and proven to work without causing more progress traps, then find a way to scale and implement the solution (GO).

      SRG therefore becomes a simple mesh intervention that can be applied at all scales and dimensions. Its iterative and recursive use can be tracked in the Indyweb and interventions can be modeled by AI assistants that can analyze for potential unintended consequences through connections outside the focus area of the designer, and not normally explored by the designers. This augers a truly circular design methodology of the lowest potential impact.

    2. “low-hanging fruit”

      IPCC AR6 WGIII Chapter 5: demand, services and social aspects of mitigation identifies that up to 45% of mitigation can result from a demand-side socialization strategy and collective action mobilization. This gives us tremendous power of impact to mobilize people. The low hanging fruit can be identified by comprehensive, ongoing, deep, global conversations with the greatest diversity of actors with a common vision collectively searching for the social tipping points, leverage points and idling resources and scaling massively thru the Indyweb as a cosmolocal network (what's light we share, what's heavy we produce locally).

      Climate scientist and realist Professor Kevin Anderson has argued for many years that demand side changes are the only solutions that can be implemented rapidly enough to peak emissions and drop emissions rapidly in the short term (next few years), buying time for reneewable energy solutions to scale globally.

    3. An analysis of “friendly forces” via a “tribal discourse” activity found that although many of humanity’s smaller and less powerful tribes are engaged in minor operations against the hyperthreat, its most powerful tribes often abet the hyperthreat (figure 2). If humanity’s tribes could be united against the hyperthreat, the current balance of probabilities, which currently lie with a hyperthreat victory and a Hothouse Earth outcome, could be recast.

      This is the key idea behind mobilizing an effective global, multi-stakeholder, bottom-up response. Minor operations implies an aggregate approach that has little impact, otherwise known colloquially as "tinkering at the edge". IPCC AR6, WGIII Chapter 5 articulates this same message and for the first time, outlines that demand side system changes can play a significant role in mitigation effectiveness against the hyperthreat. It must be collectively organized individual change that scales to community scales around the globe in order to have impact, leveraging what the IPCC call "middle actors".

      An effective strategy must be very time sensitive to the short time window to peak emissions so must identify all leverage points, idling resources and social tipping points available to a global bottom-up mobilization.

  5. Apr 2022
  6. Sep 2021
    1. "Klimaschutz- und Entwicklungsziele können nicht durch schrittweise Veränderungen erreicht werden.

      "Übergangspfade bringen Verteilungskonsequenzen mit sich, wie z. B. Veränderungen in der Beschäftigungs- und Wirtschaftsstruktur".

      "Gleichheit und Gerechtigkeit sind wichtige Voraussetzungen für einen wirksamen Klimaschutz. Institutionen und Governance, die sich mit Gerechtigkeit befassen und Narrative unterstützen, die gerechte Übergänge fördern, können eine breitere Unterstützung für die Klimapolitik schaffen.

      Jeder Einzelne kann dazu beitragen, Hindernisse zu überwinden und den Klimawandel zu mildern. Individuelle Verhaltensänderungen allein können die Treibhausgasemissionen nicht signifikant reduzieren.

      Wenn sich 10-30% der Bevölkerung für kohlenstoffarme Technologien, Verhaltensweisen und Lebensstile engagieren würden, würden sich neue soziale Normen herausbilden.

      "Kollektives Handeln durch formelle soziale Bewegungen und informelle Lebensstilbewegungen erweitert das klimapolitische Potenzial und unterstützt den Systemwandel".

      "Die geschätzten verbindlichen CO2-Emissionen der derzeitigen fossilen Energieinfrastruktur belaufen sich auf 658 GtCO2 [...], was fast das Doppelte des verbleibenden Kohlenstoffbudgets ist"

      "Verzögertes Handeln erhöht die Herausforderungen für die wirtschaftliche und gesellschaftliche Machbarkeit nach 2030".

    2. "Mitigation and development goals cannot be met through incremental change"

      "Transition pathways entail distributional consequences such as changes in employment and economic structure"

      "Equity and justice are important enabling conditions for effective climate mitigation. Institutions and governance that address equity and supporting narratives that promote just transitions can build broader support for climate policymaking"

      "Individuals can contribute to overcoming barriers and enable climate change mitigation. Individual behavioural change in isolation cannot reduce GHG emissions significantly"

      "If 10-30% of the population were to demonstrate commitment to low-carbon technologies, behaviours and lifestyles, new social norms would be established"

      "Collective action through formal social movements and informal lifestyle movements expands the potential for climate policy and supports system change"

      "Estimates of committed CO2 emissions from current fossil energy infrastructure are 658 GtCO2 […] nearly double the remaining carbon budget"

      "Delayed action increases challenges to both economic and societal feasibility after 2030"

    1. Why has so little changed? The report highlights an “organized hypocrisy”, in which agreements and statements do not match actions, presenting one of the most dangerous barriers to genuine mitigation.
      • Organisierte Heuchelei als Barriere gegen tatsächliches Handeln gegen die globale Erhitzung.
      • Frühzeitiges Handeln ist wie bei Covid 19 eindeutig mit weniger Risiken und Machbarkeitsproblemen verbunden als das Aufschieben.
    2. The report states that “mitigation and development goals cannot be met through incremental change”

      Die Verbindung von Mitigation und den Sustainable Development Goals ist nicht über inkrementellen Wandel möglich. Technologien wie CCS entwickeln sich nicht so schnell, dass sie weiteres Wachstum rechtfertigen würden.

    3. Moreover, the report links emissions reduction with the achievement of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, agreed in 2015 for the UN, to be met by 2030. Despite the existing contradictions amongst the 17 SDG, we also find unquestionable aims, such as reducing inequality and protection of biodiversity, mixed with a more controversial one within the same report: to promote sustainable economic growth.
      • Verbindung der Reduktionen mit den Sustainable Development Goals
    4. report gives prominence to the view that not only is climate change caused by industrial development, but that “the character of economic development produced by the nature of capitalist society … [is] ultimately unsustainable”.
      • der Charakter der der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, der durch die Natur der kapitalistischen Gesellschaft produziert wird, ist letztlich nicht nachhaltig.
      • Die bestehenden Emissionen sind mit dem Pariser Abkommen nicht vereinbar und müssen deshalb sofort und energisch gesenkt werden.
    5. Lessons from experimental economics show that people may not accept measures that are considered unfair, even if the cost of not accepting them is higher. Even if a change of course is achieved, the scientists warn: “transitions are not usually smooth and gradual, they can be sudden and disruptive.” They also note “the pace of transition can be impeded by ‘lock-in’ from existing capital, institutions, and social norms”. The report emphasizes how important it is to understand these sources of inertia, stating that “the centrality of fossil energy in economic development in the past 200 years raises obvious questions about the possibility of decarbonisation”.
      • Fairness ist eine Bedingung für die Akzeptanz von Maßnahmen
      • Wechsel kann plötzlich und disruptiv sein, sanfter und gradueller Wechsel ist die Ausnahme
      • lock-in durch bestehendes Kapital, Institutionen und soziale Normen kann Veränderung blockieren.

      Dabei stellt der zentrale Platz von fossilen Energien in den letzten beiden Jahrhunderten die Möglichkeit einer Dekarbonisierung in Frage.

    1. The rate of development for carbon capture and storage technology is relatively slow. The world needs to kick it up a notch in carbon capture, which has the potential to play a major role in reducing carbon emissions. 
      • Carbon Capture and Storage-Technologien müssen viel intensiver entwickelt werden.
      • Wälder und Mangroven müssen als natürliche CO2-Senken besser geschützt werden.
      • Die bereits zur Verfügung stehenden Technologien für erneuerbare Energien können genutzt werden.
    2. In a leaked draft of the third part of the IPCC report, which is not expected to be published before March 2022, warns global greenhouse gas emissions have to peak within the next four years to prevent a climate breakdown. 

      Es geht im dritten Teil um Mitigation, also um die Abschwächung bzw die Verhinderung einer noch stärkeren Erhitzung.


      Das Maximum der Emissionen muss in den nächsten vier Jahren erreicht werden. Die Länder mit hohem Einkommen müssen ihre Emissionen besonders entschlossen senken. 10% der Verursacher sind für 36-45% der Emissionen verantwortlich. Das ist zehnmal so viel wie die ärmsten 10%, die nur für 3-5% der Emissionen verantwortlich sind.

      • Ab sofort dürfen keine neuen fossilen Kraftwerke mehr entwickelt oder gebaut werden.
      • Lebensstil-Veränderungen sind ein wichtiges Mittel, darunter weniger Heizung und Klimatisierung sowie pflanenbasierte Ernährung, durch die sich bis zu 50% der Emissionen der westlichen Ernährung sparen lassen.
      • Es wird viel zu wenig in den Wechsel zu einer grünen Wirtschaft investiert.
  7. Jun 2021