93 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2017
    1. ace of the mass anti-Japanese hysteria of the day, critics maligned Governor Carr bitterly as a "Jap lover," even within his own state. (9) A loss in his 1942 bid for a U.S. Senate seat rang the death knell for Carr's promising political future on the national stage. Thereafter, even the name of this man of principle has been mostly obliterated from the memory of both the general populace and the political circuit.

      after his attempt to stand up for Japanese-Americans he people started thinking of him as a bitterly "Jap Lover" which faded to a loss for US senate and the thought became very unpopular.

    2. "one cannot test the degree of a man's affection for his fellows or his country by the birthplace of his grandfather!" He declared that "I am dedicated to the proposition that the Constitution must operate and function in time of war just as it does in time of peace," and insisted that "if we do not protect and preserve the Constitution and the Bill of Rights for all men today, it will not serve as a protection for any man six months from now." (8)

      Quote from Ralph Carr and crucial info

    3. Carr was elected the governor of Colorado in 1939 and served two terms through 1943.

      when Carr was serving his term as a governor from 1939-1943

    1. Early American conservation movement

      The difference between conservation and preservation was an important one because it split conservation into two sides which hindered its progress. Collaboration is important between the two sides to make further progress.

    1. DZ: Last question, do you have any sports and politics heroes? Who are political athletes whom today you’ve looked to as a role model or inspired you to do what you did? AS: Yeah. I’m actually trying to brush up on my history. Because that wasn’t something that was the focus during my high school or primary school education but in passing I have heard the words of Muhammad Ali and the stances that he took while he was a boxer.

      Protester inspired by Muhammad Ali

    1. feared that U.S. residents of Japanese ancestry, citizens and noncitizens alike, would side with Japan in World War II.

      Fear ran society and made them not think about what was right.

    1. Anne Sullivan grew up in Feeding Hills Massachusetts in a poor Irish immigrants house with her mother, father, and two younger brother, and sister. Her father was a poor farmhand who used all of their money on alcohol, he often beat Anne and her mother tried to hide her from him. when Anne was two she suffered from tracheotomy where her vision started to deteriorate very quickly. she had two unsuccessful operations before her mom died when she was seven from tuberculosis. Once her mom died the dad gave up the kids to relatives, nobody wanted Anne or her younger brother Jimmie since Anne was blind and Jimmie had a large tuberculosis lump on his hip. but the toddler was very healthy and was taken by their aunt. Anne and Jimmie were taken to Tewksbury

  2. Dec 2016
    1. The Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government and law enforcement agencies such as the IRS or the FBI or Interpol.

      The Bureau cannot share info with the government like they did during WWII

    1. The Belles of New England: The Women of the Textile Mills and the Families ...

      female work in the strikes

    1. Rorschach because many clinicians believe it to be the best method of assessing total personality structure and, also, because it is one of the test instruments currently used for the diagnosis of homosexuality. The 60 Rorschach protocols were ...   [p. 21]

      this proves that all of the evidence can not be clinically proven today, given that the Rorschach test is proven to be false

    2. "When such homosexual behavior persists in an adult, it is then a symptom of a severe emotional disorder."

      more discrimination

    1. 1912: Great Strike of 1912 (sometimes called Bread and Roses Strike).Workers of diverse ethnic groups and languages struck for three months. In the short-term they won. Of greatest importance were the U.S. Congressional Hearings afterward which called national attention to the conditions of workers, especially of children. It contributed to changes in the Federal laws regarding child labor.Jim Beauchesne speaks on WGBH about Strike,Strike Victim, John Ramey More information Bread and Roses FestivalMass Moments Eagle Tribune Article : Theater Espresso's American Tapestry

      child labor!! hardcore of what came after.

    1. al telephone.

      Helen Keller was associates with important such as Alexander Graham bell and President Roosevelt.

    1. The most famous (and likely most effective) of the mujahideen commanders was Ahmed Shah Massoud

      Another key figure?

    1. Osama bin Laden, originally from a wealthy family in Saudi Arabia, was a prominent organizer and financier of an all-Arab Islamist group of foreign volunteers; his Maktab al-Khadamat funnelled money, arms, and Muslim fighters from around the Muslim world into Afghanistan, with the assistance and support of the Saudi and Pakistani governments

      Osama Bin Laden's participation

    2. DRA's request, the Soviet Union brought forces into the country to aid the government from 1979.

      DRA requested help from Soviets.

    3. These foreign fighters became known as "Afghan Arabs" and their efforts were coordinated by Abdullah Yusuf Azzam.

      Mujahideen leader?

    1. Instead, according to the well-known story, the Taliban arose in extremist madrassas in Pakistan, spread across war-weary Afghanistan in two short years, and imposed an alien theocracy on the population the likes of which the world had never before seen. They were a phenomenon unprecedented in Afghan history, this story goes, a symptom of the hyper-regionalization of the conflict.
    2. The news prompted taliban from around the province to descend upon Arghandab, sparking one of the most intense battles of the entire Soviet occupation.

      Smaller groups of Taliban combined into a bigger group to fight against the Soviets.

    1. Muhammad Ali (1942-2016) was the only professional boxer to win the heavyweight championship three times. With his outspoken political and religious views, he provided leadership and inspiration for African American men and women and Muslims around the world.

      good fact

    1. The tide of the war turned with the 1987 introduction of U.S. shoulder-launched anti-aircraft missiles. The Stingers allowed the mujahidin to shoot down Soviet planes and helicopters on a regular basis.

      What resources the US gave to help the Mujahideen

    2. The mujahidin employed guerrilla tactics against the Soviets. They would attack or raid quickly, then disappear into the mountains, causing great destruction without pitched battles. The fighters used whatever weapons they could grab from the Soviets or were given by the United States.

      The United States supported them.

    1. The Viet Nam era draft card is also known by its legal description, the status card. The draft card was an aspect of the Selective Service Act, the federal legislation that legalized the conscription of eligible males into the American armed services during the Viet Nam war (1962–1973).

      Vietnam Card Burning (PRIMARY PICTURES)

    1. which purpose is to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.

      This was the legislation that enabled the national park service to do so well in protecting the land and its community of life, although that didn't come until later.

    1. Diego Rivera Arrested in Mexican Capital In Row Over Changes in His Hotel Frescoes

      Diego was extremely angry when his painted (Man, Controller of the Universe) was retouched. This was the same painting that was destroyed in New York. He said that the president was changed, colors of the flags were changed or erased. and Officers dancing with Indians were changed. Diego did not believe that his art or ideas should be changed. So he took a stand, and with 20 other communist, he marched into the hotel (where the painting was) with 5 pistols, shouting. He was later arrested.

    1. Not was Helen Keller the face for the AFB but she was also a national leader for the socialist party. This info shows that she was a big part of the 20th century not only for disabled but for everyone else as well.

    1. Today, Ralph Carr is remembered as someone who stood up for the rights of others, even when his view was not popular. He has been memorialized in a statue in Denver’s Sakura Square and in the naming of the Ralph Carr Memorial Highway and the new Ralph Carr Judicial Center in downtown Denver. In 1999, the Denver Post named him Colorado’s “Citizen of the Century.”

      Lots of people realized he was actually right.

    2. In 1938, Ralph decided to run for Governor of Colorado and won.2“Meet Colorado’s New Governor, Ralph Carr.” Steamboat Pilot, December 8, 1938. CHNC Three years later the United States entered World War II when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, in Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. After the attack, many Americans began to distrust Japanese Americans, even those who were United States citizens, fearing that they might be spies. Because of this, the United States government forced thousands of Japanese Americans, mostly from California, to leave their homes and live in “internment camps.” However, unlike many others, Ralph Carr believed in Japanese Americans’ loyalty,3“Japanese Citizens of Routt County Loyal To America.” Steamboat Pilot, December 25, 1941. CHNC and he did not send Japanese Coloradans to the camps. He believed that the Constitution protected all Americans.

      Good info about World War II

    3. Ralph married Eleanor Fairall.

      His wife.

    4. In 1929, he was appointed by President Herbert Hoover to serve as U.S. Attorney for Colorado

      Tells about him getting told to be attorney by the President.

    5. Ralph went on to study law, earning his law degree in 1912. His law practice took him to the town of Antonito in southern Colorado.

      This tells when and where he learned about the law.

    1. much of our game strays outside the Park boundaries, and if not killed will again learn to fear human beings, and we will lose the confidence of the wild creatures that we have gained within the past few years.

      Ideas like this formed the roots of modern transboundary management because people realized that wildlife needed more area to roam during winter.

    2. Some apprehension is felt for the herd this winter, since the lower altitudes, inside andoutside the park, are well grazed by domestic stock during the summer months. It is high time that some provision were made for winter feeding, else the herd will become a nuisance to nearby ranchers

      By the 1930s, people began to worry that their game-herd increasing strategy was not a good one because herds were too big.

    1. Albeit much more quietly, the brook, brown, and rainbow trout intentionally stocked by managers during the park’s early history also have taken their toll on cutthroat trout populations across Yellowstone.

      Invasive trout were stocked in many places during the early conservation era. This caused many problems, but it shows how different it was from modern conservation, which protects native species over invasive ones.

    1. Helen Keller became a member of the Socialist Pary in 1909 and by 1912, she had become a national voice for socialism and working class solidarity.

      Helen Keller was a main voice for socialism and suppurated it very much so.

    1. People who are deaf-blind have marketable skills and strategies to compete and succeed in the workplace.

      Just because people have disables doesn't mean that they have to be discriminated on, Helen Keller started a revolution for improving the life for people that are deaf or blind.

    2. Helen Keller National Center for Deaf-Blind Youths & Adults

      Helen Keller's achievements in creating many foundations were celebrated around the world to recognize the achievements of many blind and deaf people.

    1. resolved

      There was a fire lit underneath her when she found out that she could learn to speak and she went ahead and learned French German and english.

    1. The impact Robinson made on Major League Baseball is one that will be forever remembered. On April 15 each season, every team in the majors celebrates Jackie Robinson Day in honor of when he truly broke the color barrier in baseball, becoming the first African-American player in the 20th century to take the field in the big leagues. He opened the door for many others and will forever be appreciated for his contribution to the game.

      That was when Jackie robinson had his first game.

    1. the Americans and Osama bin Laden had fought on the same side against the Soviets in Afghanistan — as if the Americans had somehow created the Bin Laden monster by providing arms and cash to the Arabs. The complex at Tora Bora where Qaeda members hid had been created with the help of the C.I.A. as a base for the Afghans fighting the Soviets.

      Americans almost sourced the terrorism with resources for the Afghans when they were fighting against Soviets. By giving resources to an 'ally' to fight against an enemy (the Soviets), the US funded another enemy.

    1. The large amount of available land in the midwestern and western United States lured families to seek new land when the soil became depleted. As a result of this, President Theodore Roosevelt called for a national sense of duty to the land during a 1908 White House Conservation Conference. However, it was not until the dust bowl disaster of the 1930s that major efforts to protect soil and water finally emerged.

      Theodore didn't get much attention until he negative effects like the dust bowl append

    1. In May of 1888, Sullivan brought Keller to Perkins School for the Blind in Boston, where a new world of friendship began: “I joined the little blind children in their work and play, and talked continually. I was delighted to find that nearly all of my new friends could spell with their fingers. Oh, what happiness! To talk freely with other children! To feel at home in the great world!

      When she went ot the Perkins school of the blind she began to rapidly pick up words and was able to talk to other children and feel happy and at peace.

  3. Nov 2016
    1. Recent studies have shown that on average women pay almost 40% more than men for the same health insurance policies.

      Why hasn't the U.S. made laws to make sure everything women do is equal to men? I hope that things will be equal when I grow up and inequality can have an effect on me.

  4. galileoandeinstein.physics.virginia.edu galileoandeinstein.physics.virginia.edu
    1. In the fall of 1618, three comets appeared. A book by a prominent Jesuit argued that the comets followed orbits close to those of planets, although they had short lifetimes. Galileo knew the comets moved in almost straight line motion much of the time. As usual, Galileo could not conceal his contempt of the incorrect views of others:

      What day was it when the three comets appear

    1. Opponents of women's rights often ridiculed the group, characterizing feminists as immoral and "masculine."

      I don't understand why it was so awful for women to be considered masculine.

    2. Women were considered inferior to men

      What started the belief that women are inferior to men?

    3. The suffrage movement began in 1848

      This entire movement started at Seneca Falls, in New York during 1848.

    4. American women gained the right to vote on August 26, 1920, with the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, after fighting one of the largest civil rights battles in United States history. The suffrage movement began in 1848 at a convention in Seneca Falls, New York, but women had been voicing their frustrations for generations, with the earliest publicly recorded declaration of women's rights dating back to the time of the American Revolution.

      This article does a good job of showing how hard women worked to be able vote before the entire U.S. allowed it in 1920.

    1. After all, it was less than a century ago that the Ku Klux Klan dominated much of Colorado politics

      The KKK controlled Colorado politics

    1. Diego Rivera was born in December of 1886 and first began creating art and murals at the age of three after the death of his twin brother. Young Diego's parents caught him drawing on the walls of their home but rather than punish him for it they instead nurtured his growing creativity. They installed canvas and chalkboard on the walls and let Rivera create as he saw fit

      His talent was nurtured and encouraged by his parents. His talent

    1. dog medals and what they show

    2. Army Staff Sgt. Lex, a Military Working Dog, assigned to the 525th Military Working Dog Detachment, out of Wiesbaden Germany, prepares for medical hoist training on Camp Bondsteel, Kosovo, July 23, 2015. During the training, Lex was hoisted more than 75 feet into the air by a UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter, operated by F Company, 5th Battalion, 159th Aviation Regiment. The training was held to familiarize the flight crews, military working dogs and handlers with air medical evacuation procedures. (U.S. Army photo by Ardian Nrecaj, Multinational Battle Group-East) (Photo Credit: Ardian Nrecaj)

      Useful for specialized equipment and dog treatment today

    1. He murdered the son of the hacienda owner to avenge the rape of his youngest sister.

      He Killed an upper class kid because he raped his youngest sister

    2. he spent his life fighting the wealthy Mexican landowners and attempting to liberate the impoverished peasants.

      His goal was to fight wealth land owners

    1. The arson attack at a Vail, Colorado ski resort October 19, apparently carried out by members of the so-called Earth Liberation Front, was a reactionary political act. Contrary to media claims that groups encouraging so-called "eco-terrorism," like the ELF, Earth First!

      This paragraph tells about the attack on Vail and who did it. It also gives us good information about

    1. It didn't work in the Springs. Within a month, the police department had the Klan under surveillance, so that its membership list could not stay secret. Many police chiefs became Klan members, but Colorado Springs Police Chief Hugh Harper was one of the few Colorado peace officers to fight the Klan from the moment it arrived. He saw it as a "temptation to the hot-heads and the firebrands. I believe that there is a good prospect that the new Ku Klux Klan may take men into its roster who act first and think afterward. That can only mean a calamity in any community, sooner or later."

      The start of the downfall.

    1. The KKK was formed as a social club by a group of Confederate Army veterans in Pulaski, Tennessee, in 1865 or 1866.

      How KKK was made and who was in it.

    1. Market hunting, sport hunting, and a US Army campaign in the late 1800s nearly eliminated bison. Yellowstone was the only place in the contiguous 48 states where wild, free ranging bison persisted. The US Army, which administered Yellowstone at the turn of the 20th century, protected these few dozen bison from poaching as best they could. The protection and recovery of bison in Yellowstone is one of the great triumphs of American conservation.

      The U.S. Army, led by Philip Sheridan, who advocated exterminating the bison, quickly switched their policy and guarded the park's wildlife until the National Park Service was established in 1916.

    2. From 30 to 60 million bison may have roamed North America before the mid 1800s.

      This shows how quickly bison were in decline before their rescue by the U.S. Army, which, ironically, was the primary force in exterminating them beforehand.

    1. While serving as first lord of the Admiralty, Churchill helped modernize the British Navy, ordering that new warships be built with oil-fired instead of coal-fired engines. He was one of the first to promote military aircraft and set up the Royal Navy Air Service. So enthusiastic was he about aviation that he took flying lessons to understand firsthand its military potential.

      Updated British Navy

    2. Churchill prevented the fire brigade from extinguishing the flames, stating that he thought it better to "let the house burn down," rather than risk lives rescuing the occupants. The bodies of the two robbers were found inside the charred ruins.

      Woah - What?!

    3. taken prisoner by the Boers while on a scouting expedition. He made headlines when he escaped, traveling almost 300 miles to Portuguese territory in Mozambique. Upon his return to Britain, he wrote about his experiences in the book London to Ladysmith (1900).
      • Taking A Stand?
      • London to Ladysmith to-read
    4. The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898) and The River War (1899).


    1. Today, it is difficult for many people to understand why early park managers would have participated in the extermination of wolves. After all, the Yellowstone National Park Act of 1872 stated that the Secretary of the Interior “shall provide against the wanton destruction of the fish and game found within said Park.” But this was an era before people, including many biologists, understood the concepts of ecosystem and the interconnectedness of species. At the time, the wolves’ habit of killing prey species was considered “wanton destruction” of the animals. Between 1914 and 1926, at least 136 wolves were killed in the park; by the 1940s, wolf packs were rarely reported. By the mid-1900s, wolves had been almost entirely eliminated from the 48 states.

      This shows how different conservation was in its early days. Instead of managing lands as an ecosystem, predators were killed in the name of progress, progress being the conservation and expansion of game animal herds.

    1. Racial tensions, police suspicion and the Panthers' radical politics had already proved a volatile combination. Founded in 1966, the party quickly became a menacing, yet romanticized, force. In the two years before the raid, police and Panthers had engaged in eight gun battles nationally, in which three police officers and five Panthers died. Four of the shootouts, including one in which two police officers were killed, occurred in Chicago.

      Police raided the Black Panther's headquarters in Illinois. It was found that there was only one bullet fired by the Panthers vs the multiple that the police fired.

    1. Japanese Victory

      The Japanese win

    2. American:1,100 Japanese: 2,500 infantry

      Soldiers in the fight.

    3. American: Winfield S. Cunningham Japanese: Shigeyoshi Inoue, Sadamichi Kajioka

      The generals.

    4. Wake Island

      The location.

    5. December 8-23. 1941

      The dates of the attacks.

    6. In the dark, rain-swept early morning hours of December 23rd, Kajioka returned, his fleet bolstered by four heavy cruisers and various other warships, including landing craft, to assault Wake’s beaches with more than 900 well-trained infantrymen of the Special Naval Landing Force. At 2:35 a.m., the first Japanese landing barge ground ashore. Soon a desperate battle was being fought across the atoll between groups of men fighting with rifles, bayonets, grenades and fists. The Americans fought hard, but more Japanese landed and pushed them toward the island’s center. Teters’ civilian construction workers, many of whom had manned anti-aircraft guns earlier in the fight, now took up rifles and grenades to fight beside the American servicemen.

      the saints are the best team in the nfl

    1. Those indicted are: Chelsea Dawn Gerlach, 29, Stanislas Gregory Meyerhoff, 28, Josephine Sunshine Overaker, 31, and Rebecca Jeanette Rubin, 33. Gerlach and Meyerhoff are presently in federal custody in Oregon, facing separate arson charges. The whereabouts of Overaker and Rubin are unknown.

      This is a good, reliable source and it gives us the names of the accused arsonists which is really helpful.

    1. On the morning of October 19, 1998 a group of people part of the Earth Liberation Front set fires to several lifts and buildings at Vail Ski Resort.[1] This was one of the worst ecoterrorism attacks in the history of the United States, causing $12 million in damages, which caught the attention of the nation.[2] The fires were set at Two Elk Lodge, and destroyed multiple buildings on Vail Mountain, including Two Elk Restaurant.[3] In 2006, Chelsea Dawn Gerlach and Stanislas Gregory Meyerhoff both pleaded guilty to the attacks.[4] Only Josephine Sunshine Overaker still remains at large.

      This is a good source because it gives us a great overview of who, what, when, and why the vail attacks of 1998 happened. Also, this source gives us some good detailed information that we can use. An example of this is how it says that there was 12 million dollars in damage.

    1. includingtim-ber,wilderness,recreation,minerals,water,grazing,andwildlife.

      The national forests enabled much broader use than the national parks.

    1. had caught the imagination of Congress.

      The main purpose of the national parks was originally to protect the scenery, but it eventually expanded to include the wildlife.

    1. The party’s original purpose was to patrol African American neighbourhoods to protect residents from acts of police brutality.

      the purpose of the Black panther party was to protect African Americans from brutality.

    1. Censorship of foreign acts is common in China. When the Rolling Stones made their debut performance here in 2006, the Culture Ministry restricted the band from performing five songs, including “Beast of Burden,” “Brown Sugar,” “Honky Tonk Woman,” “Let’s Spend the Night Together” and “Rough Justice.” And in 2008, Bjork stunned the Chinese censors by shouting out “Tibet! Tibet!” during her song “Declare Independence.” That outburst led to a dearth of A-list foreign acts for years here.

      There was a lot of censorship during that time not just with Bob Dylan

    2. But in China, where the censors from the government’s Culture Ministry carefully vet every line of a song before determining whether a foreign act can play here, those two songs disappeared from the repertoire. In Beijing, Dylan sang “Love Sick” in the place of “Desolation Row,” and he ended his nearly two-hour set with the innocent-sounding “Forever Young.” There was no “Times They Are a-Changin’ ” in China. And definitely no “Chimes of Freedom.” This

      Bob Dylan was not allowed to sing some of his songs because of strict censorship

    1. establishes the first national park.

      This was one of the first acts that helped spur the early conservation movement. It wasn't the first protected area though, because Yosemite State Park was established first.

    2. The US Army arrives to administer the park. They stay until 1918.

      The US Army was important in the early conservation history of the park. They helped to prevent poaching and they protected the last remaining bison, which eventually grew to over 4000 animals.

    3. Northern Pacific Railroad reaches the North Entrance of the park.

      Originally, the parks were for enjoyment more than conservation.

    4. prohibits killing predators

      This marked a major change in the management of wildlife in the national parks. Instead of protecting "good" animals, they began to protect everything, at the cost of the animals they had previously managed for.

    1. By the President of the United States of America: A Proclamation. Whereas, on the twentysecond day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty two, a proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things, the following, to wit:
    1. I beg you, at the same time, to do me the justice to be assured that this resolution has not been taken without a strict regard to all the considerations appertaining to the relation which binds a dutiful citizen to his country; and that in withdrawing the tender of service, which silence in my situation might imply, I am influenced by no diminution of zeal for your future interest, no deficiency of grateful respect for your past kindness, but am supported by a full conviction that the step is compatible with both.

      This quote from Washington shows....

    1. time and her fame to dozens of charitable causes ranging from those benefitting the victims of AIDS to the victims of land mines. The work these women did was good, important, and worthy of public attention and support but, as is so often the case, their popularity is overdetermined by the underlying causes. There are many who labor at charitable work, yet remain virtually anonymous. To underst

      This is background