48 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2021
    1. Entry ID: 370-620d

      The tone wasn't awkward and felt more like someone talking than the other poems. They used repetition well.

    2. Entry ID: 797-a5f8

      This one told and had a chronology that didn't feel like a list like in others. I thought "Day ???" was funny, too.

    3. Entry ID: 779-bdcf

      This one was also dramatic and made an interesting comparison between watching a dystopian movie and living in a dystopia.

    4. Entry ID: 421-caea

      This one was one of the few that had a more dramatic and entertaining telling of what it's like to live in the strange world of the pandemic. I think this one is my favorite.

    5. Entry ID: 817-5b30
    6. Entry ID: 813-e01b

      This is the same poem as 135-e01b

    7. Entry ID: 786-1488

      Good beginning, but lots of random tone changes

    8. Entry ID: 804-6072
    9. Entry ID: 737-28fe
    10. Entry ID: 749-ee08
    11. Entry ID: 750-f504

      Really liked beginning, end was boring

    12. Entry ID: 716-8779
    13. Entry ID: 644-fabb
    14. Entry ID: 554-cd33
    15. Entry ID: 536-f6c1
    16. Entry ID: 408-cd1f
    17. Entry ID: 313-0836
    18. Entry ID: 302-dc5d
    19. Entry ID: 290-138b
    20. Entry ID: 229-32a2
    1. India had taken the first steps to becoming a “nation”
      • The common rule under the British caused there to be a common characteristic among Indians that could turn into an Indian nationality
    2. Indian entrepreneurs found ways to set up their own modern factories to rival British products.
      • Some Indian businesspeople responded to the industrialization of the British with their own industrialization to outcompete them
    3. The most urgent task facing the British in India was that of modernizing the subcontinent’s transportation and commu- nication system and transforming the country into an inte- grated colonial state.
      • The British put a lot of investment into transportation, telegraphs, etc.
      • They also invested in irrigation plans
      • Resulted in one of the biggest railways in the world
      • Indians had to pay for it
      • Using the connections inside a geographic area to make it easier to control and make movement more efficient
    4. Indians were not to be appeased—and certainly not brought into British public life.
      • Indians were kept from entering politics or public life
      • After the British gov take over in 1858, the British gov seeked to not only have direct control instead of a company's control, but also direct control instead of letting Indians have control
    5. Hindu-Muslim unity,
      • Both Hindus and Muslims despised the British enough to work together
    6. he Rebellion of 1857—-was the “greased cartridge” controversy.
      • In 1857, a rumor was spread that the British were using cow and pig fat in the cartitriges Indian soldiers had to bite off which caused a rebellion of soliers who believed this meant the British were trying to convert them to Christianity.
      • This event demonstrates that there was massive distrust in the British as well
      • People would not start a huge rebellion based on a small rumor if they were not already angry with the status quo and were waiting for the last straw.
    7. India Company violated its treaty obligations
      • The East India Company used excuses to violate treaties and conquer more land
      • Ex: In 1856, the British took Nawab Wajid Ali Shah's territory on grounds that he was weak and immoral
    8. The government also decided to collect taxes directly from peasants, displacing the landed nobles as intermediaries.
      • British took taxes from peasants without letting Indian previous positions of power interfere
      • Peasants had to take out loans from moneylenders
      • Peasants who couldn't pay their loans would have to give up their land
    9. This was a new colonial order, but it was not stable.

      Along with peasants, other sectors of the Indian population were not happy with British rule:

      • Indian people who once had much power and property
      • Indian business people who lost a lot of power in the newly British economy
    10. the uprisings were local in scale and vision.
      • The many revolts that made up the 1857 Rebellion were usually for specific villages or small areas for the inhabitants there
    11. the )»- portant role of the lower classes.
      • Peasants made a big part of the 1857 Rebellion because of their frustrations in not only the cultural rule of the British but the taxation rule and the loans they had to take out to pay taxes
    12. e petnte a government of his ow modeling it on the British administration.
      • The peasant Devi Singh made his own gov based on the British way of governing with a peasant army that went after the moneyloaners hated by peasants in debt
      • This may be evidence for the idea that the main sticking point for Indian peasants was the cultural and taxation policies of the British instead of the administrative part
    13. determined to destroy the religion
      • There was already massive distrust in the cultural/religious policies of the British before the cartridge controversy
      • It is notable that the main sticking point for the rebels was British religious enforcement, showing how displeased Indians were with British policies in the early 1800s to try to make Indians culturally British
    14. “Home charges” meant that India ended up balancing Britain’s huge trade deficits with the rest of the world,
      • Part of why Britain wanted its advantageous relationship with India was to pay off its debts to other powers, such as those in the New World.
    15. India was to become a consumer of British manufactures and a supplier of primary staples like cotton, jute, tea, wheat, and vegetable oil seeds.
      • The British economic strategy in India was to buy raw materials from India and sell Indians products, often made from those materials.
      • To do this, the British got rid of taxes and protections for local businesses so they could directly compete with them
      • This strategy succeeded sometimes and caused some traditional production industries to go out of business
      • This arrangement meant that overall, the British got to profit off of the manufacture of these items
    16. colonial officials in Africa and
      • Colonialism in India affected colonialism in other places by leading by example
    17. replacing East India Company rule by crown government in 1858,
      • The British government took over ruling India instead of the EIC in 1858
      • Perhaps the British government took over ruling India instead of the East India Company because after the uprising, ruling over colonial states was viewed as a more militant and political task than an economic one.
    18. hus, they destroyed anything that represent: the authority of the company:

      Very similar to the French Revolution, immense oppression boils to extreme revolution against everything

    19. it was the duty of the wealthy
      • Pattern: underprivileged groups convincing people in power (wealthy Indians) to support a cause for a reason (loss of religious practices) that is only one of the many reasons the underprivileged people support the cause (heavy taxation, loss of rights, etc.).
    20. the import of British
      • Putting a colonized nation in a trade deficit is a common pattern in imperialism (ex. the colonies and Britain)
    21. Effects in India
      • Increased economic activity in cities associated with the British, like in the Industrial Revolution in Britain, increased those city populations in the early 1800s
      • Indians were segregated from Europeans in these towns
    22. In return, the Mughal emperor would receive a hefty annual pension.
      • People originally in power in colonized territories striking a deal with the colonizers for their benefit is a common pattern
    23. The East India Company’s Monopoly
      • The British started off trying to control just India's trade by setting trading posts on the ocean
      • Around the early 1800s, the East India Company conquered many areas in India and surrounding areas

      Economic control -> political, military control

    24. revenues in Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa and to trade free of duties throughout Mughal terri- tory.
      • The East India Company, as a for-profit, wanted to be able to do business without restrictions in India.
      • The best way to guarantee this was to gain political alliances (by paying the Mughal emperor to let them trade), then starting in the second half of the 1700s, control (by later actually conquering areas) of territories.
    25. During the first half of the nineteenth century the British rulers of India had dismantled most of the traditional powers of the nobility and the rights of peasants.

      The first half of the 1800s saw:

      • the disappearance of original Indian positions of power
      • the disappearance of original Indian state boundaries and sovereignties in 1848 by governor-general Lord Dalhousie
    26. changes in Indian culture.
      • Over the course of British imperialism, Brits seeked to replace traditional Indian cultures and religions with British culture
      • An example is Lord Macaulay in 1835 looking to make English the government language and Western education central.
    27. rebels were tied to cannons and blown to bits to teach Indians a lesson in power

      Brutal punishment used to show colonized peoples who has the power

      • Reminds me of control tactics in slavery