6 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2023
    1. As ajournalist, historian, novelist, and autobiographer, Adams was con-stantly focused on the American experiment, testing a statementoffered by another figure in Democracy: ‘You Americans believe your-selves to be excepted from the operation of general laws. You care notfor experience’ (LA 37–8).

      In Chapter 1: American Exceptionalism of Myth America (Basic Books, 2023) historian David A. Bell indicates that Jay Lovestone and Joseph Stalin originated the idea of American Exceptionalism in 1920, but in Democracy (1880, p.72) Henry Adams seems to capture an early precursor of the sentiment:

      "Ah!" exclaimed the baron, with his wickedest leer, "what for is my conclusion good? You Americans believe yourselves to be excepted from the operation of general laws. You care not for experience. I have lived seventy-five years, and all that time in the midst of corruption. I am corrupt myself, only I do have courage to proclaim it, and you others have it not. Rome, Paris, Vienna, Petersburg, London, all are corrupt; only Washington is pure! Well, I declare to you that in all my experience I have found no society which has had elements of corruption like the United States. The children in the street are corrupt, and know how to cheat me. The cities are all corrupt, and also the towns and the counties and the States' legislatures and the judges. Every where men betray trusts both public and private, steal money, run away with public funds.

      Had a flavor of American Exceptionalism been brewing for decades before Stalin's comment?

  2. Mar 2022
    1. most dangerous of all are those whom Lenin called false friends of the people, namely moderate-socialist or social-democratic leaders (in other words, non-Communist left-wing). These are more dangerous than out-and-out reactionaries, for latter at least march under their true colors, whereas moderate left-wing leaders confuse people by employing devices of socialism to seine interests of reactionary capital

      Stalin had understood the threat posed by leftism in the West societies.

    1. Stalin was also brutalized by his father when he was a child, she pointed out. Stalin was an only child. Like Hitler he was the first child to survive after three siblings who had died in infancy. His irascible father was almost always drunk and laid into his son from an early age. Despite the fame and power he later achieved, Stalin suffered throughout his life from a persecution mania that drove him to order the killing of millions of innocent people. Just as the infant Stalin lived in fear of sudden death at the hands of his unpredictable father, so the adult Stalin lived in fear even of his closest associates. But now he had the power to fend off those fears by humiliating others

      Stalin suffered trauma as a child and later brutalized millions, acting out his unhealed projections of fear and control.

  3. Oct 2021
  4. Jun 2020
  5. Jan 2018
    1. Sei que, entre os comunistas chineses, existem camaradas que não consideram convenientes as greves dos operários pela melhoria de sua situação material e jurídica e dissuadem os operários de organizá-las (Uma voz: “Isso aconteceu em Cantão e em Shanghai”). É um grave erro, camaradas. É um profundo desprezo do papel e da importância do proletariado da China. Deve ser assinalado nas teses como manifestação indubitavelmente negativa. Seria grande erro os comunistas chineses não aproveitarem a favorável situação atual para ajudar os operários a melhorar a sua situação material e jurídica, ainda que seja por meio de greves. Para que serviria então a revolução na China?

      Isso demonstra que Stálin jamais defendeu que o proletariado perdesse seu papel como protagonista da luta insurrecionária.

      A questão é que ele colocou como essencial que na China passe por três processos revolucionários, inicialmente o papel de recorrer à burguesia nacional (oprimida pelo imperialismo inglês) como uma reserva do proletariado na luta para a expulsão dos imperialistas do país.

      Isso que dizer que a luta continha, sim, caráter ofensivo contra o imperialismo e não contra a burguesia imperialista. A pequena burguesia que estava em disputa.