268 Matching Annotations
  1. May 2021
  2. Apr 2021
    1. Email Accessibility

      • Subject lines: Simple, No-nonsense
      • Preheaders (i.e., the snippet that shows up in the inbox view) need to clearly state the purpose of the email
      • Use alt text for images (even for logos, "unimportant" information. Blind and low-vision folks don't want to "miss out" on information. If you've decided it's important enough to include in your email, it's important enough for alt text)
        • Buttons should be large, bold color, obvious, and should have ARIA labels
      • Software like Salesforce, Constant Contact, and Mailchimp allow you to paste HTML code, which allows you to add ARIA roles, alt text, etc
      • Will continue to use A, AA, and AAA to indicate 1st priority, 2nd priority, and 3rd priority
      • 2.2 Guidelines will be more technically prescriptive, but will offer multiple ways to meet guidelines so designers still have control over look and feel of content
      • New AA requirement: All functionality that uses dragging movement can be operated by a single pointer without dragging, unless dragging is essential (might have implications for creating highlights/annotations?)
      • Requirement that users can find help for completing tasks (having a "Contact us" link meets this requirement, so Hypothesis will be covered)
      • Accessible authentication: don't require users to remember an email/password or complete a CAPTCHA. Allow for social login, or provide "Email a login link" option.
  3. Mar 2021
    1. After the Audit: Integrating Accessibility into the Testing Process

      Link to session

      Crystal Preston-Watson, Salesforce

      Phases of audit:

      • Start with one feature or set of features
      • Testing (automated and manual)
      • Result report
      • Remediation of issues
      • Re-testing and validation
      • Accessibility conformance report


      • Establish a baseline of knowledge
      • Play to people's strengths - if someone is already proficient in keyboard-only navigation, they might be a good candidate to own screenreader testing
      • Upskill whole org instead of making 1 or 2 people responsible
      • Budget time for learning. Screenreaders are time consuming to learn
      • Checklists are helpful but will need to be adapted for each feature / part of application.
      • 20-40% issues are found with automated testing, which is why manual testing is needed
      • bulk of automation should be unit tests. integration and UI tests should be less automated
      • dedicate most of your resources to UI tests because that is the "human" portion - your users' experience is paramount
    1. Improving PDF Accessibility with AI and Liquid Mode

      Link to session

      Robert Haverty, Adobe, Senior Product Manager, Document Cloud Accessibility

      Rick Treitman, Adobe, Entrepreneur in Residence

      Matthew Hardy, Adobe, Senior Engineering Manager, Document Cloud

      Jamila Keba, Adobe, Frontend Developer for Acrobat’s Liquid Mode


      • Reflows content to fit on small screens
      • Takes headings to create an outline. Click on heading to go to that section of document
      • Sections are collapsible
      • font size, character spacing, and line height can be changed
      • developed to be compatible with screenreader
      • future areas of improvement: tables and images (using machine learning to create alt text when images don't have one)
      • Currently available for mobile devices and Chromebooks where Android app can be loaded

      Impact on readability

      • allows users to increase text spacing, font size, etc
      • student with 3rd grade school children with varying levels of fluency: one kid increased his speed by 27 words per minute, was able to read with inflection + meaning. even the fastest student jumped 27 words per minute.
      • helps people who struggle to read, but also increases efficiency for proficient readers
      • font, size, character spacing, line height, and character stretch seem to be the key factors in increasing efficiency.

      Built in highlighter

      • Used as a "ruler" to guide reader through document, not necessarily to make highlights/annotations to refer to later
      • 4 ways of highlighting: mouse, underline, lightbox, and grey line
      • No 1 solution worked better for the group as a whole - it was individual to the reader
    1. Don’t Believe The Type!

      Link to session

      Gareth Ford Williams, BBC

      David Bailey, BBC

      Bruno Maag, Typeface designer

      "Emotional accessibility"

      • Is it appealing? Technical and functional aspects are meaningless if no one wants to use your product/tool
      • Typeface = "visual tone of voice" and has a large bearing on emotional a11y

      Readability group survey

      • looking at series of fonts to see which they find most readable (also had people remove reading glasses if they use them)
      • cognitive bias: we might find fonts used in system UIs and commonly used fonts easier to read just because we're used to seeing them
      • 2022 user sessions, every font viewed 16,800 times
      • Segments for participants: confident readers, glasses for reading, pinch-to-zoom user, larger font, colored text, farsightedness, dyslexia & similar characteristics

      Font selection rate: all participants

      • Open dyslexic, Comic Sans, Times new Roman selected least frequently
      • Helvetica, Ubuntu, Roboto slab, etc did moderately well
      • SF Pr, Segoe UI, BBC Reith Sans, Verdana selected most often
      • But none of the fonts scored more than 70%
      • How do we know people are choosing for readability and not aesthetics? We'd probably see no difference b/t those with dyslexia and those who don't have it

      Font selection rate: Dyslexic traits

      • Open Dyslexic, Dyslexie, Comic Sans MS performed better among dyslexic folks but they were still selected least frequently
      • Helvetica, Roboto, Segoe UI, and SF Pro selected less often (5-10%) among dyslexic people

      Poor near vision group

      • Times New Roman and Helvetica see largest drop

      Letter combos used to find issues

      • "rn"in words like kernel, furnished, surname

      Why some typefaces work better than other

      • Top 4 performers: San Francisco Pro, Segoe UI, Verdana, BBC Reith Sans
      • All sans serif, either grotesque or humanist
      • Grotesque: closed character shapes - stroke terminal loops back into character
      • Humanist: open character shapes - more akin to movement of handwriting (more distinction b/t shapes like c, e, and o)
      • Why does Helvetica not perform well? Probably because of tight letter spacing
      • Why does Ubuntu fall short even though it has hallmarks of humanist design? Font weight is stronger than other similar fonts, maybe just outside acceptable parameters. Or maybe it looks too modern.
      • Why do dyslexic-specific fonts perform poorly? The irregularity claims to be beneficial to dyslexic people but maybe is too much, affecting smoothness of reading and emotional appeal
      • Why does Comic Sans perform poorly, even though it's most used font and thought to be helpful to learning readers? No data to back up this claim, but it's possible the childish appearance is more appealing to young readers. But on the other hand, it could have performed poorly because it's trendy to hate Comic Sans.
      • Is there an unconscious bias toward serif designs? Reading on a computer is more commonplace, and perhaps we associate sans serif with screens and serif with print.
      • Times New Roman has some characteristics of fonts that perform well, but letter spacing is tight.
      • Lower-case g: modern g is not necessarily more accessible, or we'd expect Roboto to perform better
      • x-height impacts perceived size, even at same font-size. Smaller x-height is perceived as "less readable"
    1. Yes, Virginia, PMs Are Responsible for Accessibility

      Link to Session

      Angela Hooker, Microsoft

      Why build in a11y from the start?

      • Much easier / less "expensive" than adding it after the fact.
      • PMs are expected to set expectations and manage scope. Set the expectation from the beginning that team delivers accessible product.
      • Consider budget, timeline, people, & other resources. The design phase is "too late."

      Getting support from leadership

      • Talk about ROI & $8+ trillion in disposable income that people with disabilities have worldwide
      • Helps the org be more competitive
      • Show them how inaccessible content hurts. Demo use of product with a screenreader with no visuals, ask them to navigate with keyboard only. If possible, have a person with access needs do that demo.

      Include multiple accessibility reviews in your timeline

      • Team should check their work as they go along

      Choose the standards and level of compliance you'll achieve

      • Compliance and accessibility are not the same. You can conform to WCAG 100% but be unusable for people with certain disabilities
      • If project is used globally, consider laws worldwide. Some countries require specific documentation & standards will vary

      Put accessibility requirements in contracts with outside vendors

      • Be specific about the standards they need to meet
      • Ask for proof they can produce accessible work

      Carefully choose the tech you'll use to build your project

      • If you don't have a choice in what tech you'll use, see if team can fix those a11y issues. If it would expand scope or timeline to do so, flag as risk for leaderships

      Document all your team's work

      • Good to have on hand for showing "good faith effort" to be accessible
      • Prepare a general statement about project's a11y status.
      • Document known a11y issues and create a roadmap for resolving

      Get training for your team

      • Pointing toward info on the web is risky, as there is lots of misinformation. Start with info from W3C a11y curriculum.

      How do you coach your team and oversee their work?

      • Don't make it about any one person. Discourage things like "if we can't make you happy, we can't move forward." It's not about you being happy, it's about putting out the most usable and successful product you can!
      • Publicly praise team members as a way to motivate them to prioritize a11y in the long run

      Written content comes first

      • This is the easiest to remediate, so get this out of the way.
      • Ask people with cognitive impairments to read through with you to find out where things might not be clear

      Working with designers

      • Annotate design docs to indicate to engineering where they'll need to consider a11y
      • Review mockups & wireframes for missing a11y considerations so eng can raise concerns or questions
      • Start with user personas based on people with disabilities
      • Invest in usability testing at several points during project build

      What if you're updating a legacy project?

      • Start small
      • Have an auditor review for a11y and create a plan to give team "quick wins." Create roadmap for remaining items.
      • Talk to team responsible for product to find out what questions/concerns they have
      • Get training & other needed resources for team
    1. From Nothing to Something: How A Team of 2 Kickstarted an Accessibility Program

      Link to presentation

      Alexis Lucio, Splunk, Accessibility and Inclusive Design Lead

      Simarjeet (Sim) Kaur Splunk, Software Accessibility Engineer

      Splunk: a tool to help devs monitor, secure, and troubleshoot dev environments.

      • First step is to learn the product and map out current state of a11y. Review available VPATs, evaluate test cases for a11y and improve where necessary, gather existing bug reports for a11y issues.
      • Find mentors in the a11y space
      • Pass info to rest of company in a digestible format. Alexis started a program called "A11y Hour" where colleagues were invited to come learn about disability and accessibility topics
      • Prioritize customer-generated issues
      • Work with developers to test for a11y during development, not after
      • Evaluate how you're doing: how many a11y issues are opened vs closed? And set goals for improvement from there.
      • Form a network within the company, and pool together your external networks
      • Advocate for a11y-specific headcount
      • Tailor the business case for a11y based on who you're talking to. When speaking to designers, "the right thing to do, ethically" is effective. But for other stakeholders, consider angles like financial, legal, tech debt, sales/competition, industry regulation, SEO...
      • Provide specific examples of a11y done well for inspiration (where possible, use NVDA/JAWS and take away visuals so sighted folks get same experience as Blind folks)
      • Put together a detailed proposal, so all leadership has to do is "Say yes"
      • Open a communication channel for the company to use: Slack channel worked well at Splunk. Helps to "democratize knowledge" - if a Q is asked more than once, pin it as part of an FAQ.
      • Create resources to share with rest of org: for example, learning session that can be part of new employee bootcamp
      • Advocate for company-wide OKR for a11y
    1. The Landscape of Digital Accessibility in Higher Education

      Link to presentation

      Charles Collick Jr, Rutgers

      Pat Kogos, University of Chicago

      Nate Evans, Michigan State University

      Handling legacy applications

      • Involve students! Paid or volunteer. They can edit captions, add alt text, etc, and have first-hand perspective on student needs & experience
      • Use a priority-based approach to determine how you can make the biggest impact on faculty and students
      • If anything can be sunset, retire it rather than allocating resources toward overhauling
      • Anything that has high usage and directly impacts learning & research activities should be hi-pri

      Securing budget for a11y & promoting culture

      • Focus on storytelling and "sell" the need for a11y as much as possible. Start with the "why" before trying to secure cash
      • Focus on the benefits rather than threatening with negative consequences
      • Diversity, Equity & Inclusion gaining traction in the higher ed world right now. Those are likely the ideal folks to partner with.
      • Student experience also a more popular topic these days - tie to a11y.
      • "Get in trouble" - call attention to things that aren't accessible, taking to Twitter/public forums when appropriate


      • While the speakers on this panel don't participate in buying consortiums, lots of info sharing (if one school reviews a tool for a11y they might share the results of those audits across the consortium)
      • To watch: Big 10 Alliance: Library E-Resource Accessibility

      Tools used to evaluate a11y and share results back to content owners

      • Enterprise tools allow for more robust reporting than free tools
      • Using built-in a11y tools in Canvas, Blackboard Ally
      • Axe & Deque are popular tools

      Getting Faculty buy-in

      • Teaching & Learning with Tech groups help with outreach
      • Make a11y part of conversation about course design & pedagogy

      What initiatives are you excited about for 2021? And If you could recommend ONE change to improve web a11y in higher ed, what would that be?

      • Rutgers: Initiatives: New procurement process, Ally rollout, and mandatory training for IT. The one recommended change: awareness.
      • U Chicago: Initiatives: Scaling up use of enterprise tool, training for IT staff & faculty. 1 Recommended change: integrating a11y into processes from beginning.
      • U Mich: launching a11y audit team, including hiring students. 1 recommended change: don't think you have to be perfect to get started or make progress.
    1. Building Accessibility Success within Smaller Enterprise Companies

      Ted Drake, Intuit

      Link to Session

      Getting Started

      • Assess company's needs: regulatory environment? resource-strapped startup? are you about to go public & concerned with PR?
      • Build goodwill with leadership and keep communication lines open (CEO, CTO, product leaders, etc)

      1, 3, and 5 year goals

      • 1 year: get to know all products/aspect of product intimately
      • 2 year: documentation
      • 3 year: "low-hanging fruit" and basic compliance
      • 4 year: work with customers and contributors to get real user feedback from disabled customers
      • 5 year: Set goals for metrics that will be used in perpetuity with regular testing

      Tips for Success

      • Build support within the org - idea: "Accessibility Champions" program. Have devs set up their computers for keyboard only testing, install certain browser plugins, etc.
      • Develop empathy: record and share customer interviews, create personas, empathy exercises (put on a mask & use your product with a screenreader)
      • Include developers and designers in customer research
      • Transparency: blog posts, internal comms
    1. ROI of Accessibility

      Greg Williams, Deque Systems

      Link to Session

      4 main business cases (eCommerce case study):

      • Increasing market share
      • Controlling operational costs
      • Managing risk profile
      • Aligning digital presence with company core values

      Increasing market share

      • after-tax income for working-age people with disabilities in the US: $490 billion
      • 20 million (35% of all people with disabilities) are US working age adults, age 16-64
      • If you're not accessible and your competitor is, you lose that market share
      • Vision, Hearing, Ambulatory, and Cognitive are most common disabilities
      • Inaccessible e-commerce retailers losing out on $6.9B annually

      Controlling operational costs

      • "Click-in" payment costs much lower than call-in, mail-in, and walk-in (brick & mortar). Pushing to digital channel cuts costs - up to $14m. Can't push disabled customers to digital if experience is inaccessible.
      • Blind users call company's customer service department 1x/week on average because of website inaccessibility. They call multiple times even when they have abandoned the transaction. Save time & $ on customer service calls.

      Risk management

      • approx 10k ADA lawsuits per year. CA, NY, and FL are where lawsuits are most prevalent
      • potential cost of complaints: blended rate of $120/hr when you consider support personnel, compliance/regulatory personnel, product management, devs, QA, testing, etc
      • calculating proactive vs reactive fix loss, assuming 100 complaints annually, upwards of $1m per year cost for "reactive" fixes
      • lawsuits: blended rate of $225/hr assuming company leadership, legal council, external SMEs, etc are involved
      • DOJ could levy fine of $96,834 for first action while still requiring website to become accessible

      Alignment with core values

      • If mission or motto is to be inclusive, customer-centric, etc, are you really meeting that mission if you don't include a11y in priorities?
      • Customers increasingly want to purchase from companies that share their view
      • Consumers who have a negative or positive experience re: a11y tend to share with family and friends
  4. Feb 2021
    1. expresses my thoughts

      annotating body text

    2. Tribute to Nesbit

      What a beautiful tribute!

    1. Using integrations with other tools in the product stack such as Jira and GitHub, progress on specific items can be viewed directly from the digital product roadmap, offering an accurate view of how well things are sticking to the schedule

      Why not just use built in tools in Jira and Github? Still struggling to see how roadmapping tool differs from, for example, Github project boards

    2. Translating these concepts into attractive visual product roadmaps that connect with a diverse set of internal stakeholders,

      In a small organization like Hypothesis, I'm not sure that a visually pretty roadmap is a pressing need. Willing to keep reading, but color me skeptical.

    1. Trypsinization is the process of cell dissociation

      2<sup>2</sup> = 4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Integer fermentum at odio ut eleifend. 2<sup>3</sup> = 8.

  5. Dec 2020
    1. The term was first coined by the National Right to Life Committee (NRLC) in 1995 to describe a recently introduced medical procedure to remove fetuses from the womb.

      origins of term "partial-birth abortion"

    1. In essence, it's better to make something that a small number of people want a large amount, rather than a product that a large number of people want a small amount.

      does this change once you have found product-market fit?

  6. Nov 2020
  7. Oct 2020
    1. Raids along caravan routes gradually increase the size of his army, and then Temujin decides to capture as his wife

      annotation with typo

    1. Finally, at 1:13 a.m. on Oct. 29, two men were shot in front of 508 Van Buren St. in Bedford-Stuyvesant. Police say a 38-year-0ld man was shot in the leg and ankle and a 47-year-old was shot in the buttocks in a hail of gunfire from three young men.

      Now starting to see some info on this in the news

    1. It isn't the first time this music has presented as a creepypasta-style urban legend, either.

      How someone could say this without mentioning the Lavender Town theme from the Gen1 Pokémon games is beyond me!

    1. Yet many teams struggle to achieve a unified way of evaluating what they’ve delivered. Only 1 in 10 have a process for assessing the success or failure of newly-launched products and features.

      we've done this informally, but might consider a more formal approach

    2. For the product teams lacking a systematic way of logging these feature requests, pain points, and other bits of user feedback, a lot of valuable information ends up slipping through the cracks.

      we are working at getting better at this but there is room for improvement

    1. Outline is made by the same team behind the Hypothes.is web annotation browser extension

      Hypothesis employee here - this isn't accurate! Anyone who owns a website can add a line of code to their site to embed Hypothesis and bring annotation capabilities to their content, which is what Outline has done here.

  8. Sep 2020
    1. Artists having their work knocked off without permission left and right and nobody really having any power over doing anything about it.

      a major ethical issue with "fast fashion"

  9. Aug 2020
    1. Installation

      Embedding a Flipgrid video


      Is there a gap underneath?

  10. Jul 2020
    1. For HTML documents that don’t have DOIs

      advice for publishers when HTML documents do not have DOIs

    1. 14. Is it safe to take a shower or bath during a lightning storm? No. Lightning can travel through plumbing. It is best to avoid all water during a lightning storm. Do not shower, bathe, wash dishes, or wash your hands.

      I have always thought this was an urban legend! I owe my mother an apology...

    1. Rejecting a heightened need standard does not leave Presidents without recourse. A President may avail himself of the same protec-tions available to every other citizen


  11. May 2020
    1. This is a long annotation.

      Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

      Integer feugiat scelerisque varius morbi enim nunc faucibus. Sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit ut aliquam purus. At in tellus integer feugiat. Tortor at auctor urna nunc id cursus metus aliquam. Quam vulputate dignissim suspendisse in est ante in nibh. Pellentesque adipiscing commodo elit at imperdiet dui accumsan. Id diam maecenas ultricies mi. Nibh cras pulvinar mattis nunc sed blandit libero volutpat sed. Leo urna molestie at elementum eu facilisis sed odio. Enim diam vulputate ut pharetra sit amet aliquam id. Quis eleifend quam adipiscing vitae proin. Ut tortor pretium viverra suspendisse potenti nullam ac tortor vitae. Ac tortor vitae purus faucibus ornare suspendisse. Laoreet id donec ultrices tincidunt. Lobortis elementum nibh tellus molestie nunc non blandit massa enim.

      Tristique nulla aliquet enim tortor at auctor urna. Vitae sapien pellentesque habitant morbi tristique. Venenatis lectus magna fringilla urna porttitor rhoncus dolor. Ipsum nunc aliquet bibendum enim. Lacus laoreet non curabitur gravida arcu ac tortor dignissim. Fusce id velit ut tortor pretium viverra suspendisse potenti. Sed adipiscing diam donec adipiscing tristique risus. Consectetur adipiscing elit pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et. Porttitor massa id neque aliquam vestibulum. Aenean pharetra magna ac placerat vestibulum lectus mauris ultrices eros. Cras tincidunt lobortis feugiat vivamus at augue eget arcu. Bibendum est ultricies integer quis. Ipsum suspendisse ultrices gravida dictum fusce ut. Id porta nibh venenatis cras. Dui nunc mattis enim ut tellus elementum sagittis vitae et. Ultrices dui sapien eget mi. Tincidunt ornare massa eget egestas purus viverra accumsan. Tristique senectus et netus et malesuada.

      Laoreet suspendisse interdum consectetur libero id faucibus. Mauris rhoncus aenean vel elit scelerisque mauris pellentesque pulvinar. Vestibulum lorem sed risus ultricies tristique. Mauris rhoncus aenean vel elit scelerisque mauris pellentesque pulvinar. Enim tortor at auctor urna nunc. Tincidunt tortor aliquam nulla facilisi cras fermentum odio. Habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada. Nisl purus in mollis nunc sed id. Eu turpis egestas pretium aenean pharetra. Mi sit amet mauris commodo quis imperdiet massa tincidunt. Risus in hendrerit gravida rutrum quisque non tellus orci. Diam volutpat commodo sed egestas egestas. Et pharetra pharetra massa massa ultricies mi quis hendrerit. Sit amet purus gravida quis blandit. Urna molestie at elementum eu facilisis. Condimentum id venenatis a condimentum vitae. Bibendum ut tristique et egestas quis ipsum suspendisse ultrices gravida. Sed sed risus pretium quam vulputate dignissim suspendisse in est. Risus nullam eget felis eget nunc lobortis.

      Consequat semper viverra nam libero justo. Iaculis urna id volutpat lacus laoreet non curabitur gravida arcu. Tempus egestas sed sed risus pretium quam. Risus commodo viverra maecenas accumsan lacus. Mi tempus imperdiet nulla malesuada pellentesque elit eget gravida cum. Sit amet purus gravida quis blandit turpis. Amet volutpat consequat mauris nunc congue nisi vitae. Sagittis id consectetur purus ut faucibus pulvinar elementum integer. Eu lobortis elementum nibh tellus molestie nunc non blandit massa. Eget velit aliquet sagittis id consectetur purus ut faucibus pulvinar. Phasellus vestibulum lorem sed risus ultricies tristique nulla aliquet. Velit scelerisque in dictum non consectetur. In hendrerit gravida rutrum quisque non. Lorem donec massa sapien faucibus et molestie ac feugiat sed. Amet massa vitae tortor condimentum. Donec enim diam vulputate ut pharetra sit amet aliquam. At tempor commodo ullamcorper a. Mollis aliquam ut porttitor leo a diam. Adipiscing tristique risus nec feugiat in fermentum.

    1. I’d envisioned the two in harmony, the way he and I had been. I was thrilled to hear he’d charged her his new high rate, had quit her (maybe because of me?), and they’d never clicked, as if a woman who’d slept with my husband was revealing he couldn’t get it up with her.
    2. For my assignment on “your most humiliating secret,” Haley wrote how she and her fiancé spent a year buying her fantasy downtown loft, but broke up an hour after they moved in

      "let me divulge this person's most humiliating secret, which she shared with me in the context of an assignment she submitted for my course, while I paint a picture of how inappropriately SHE behaved"

    3. Had I been deluded to believe I was important to him? He’d shown me poetry about his abusive mother. He’d described being distraught when his Battery Park townhouse was destroyed in the 9/11 attacks. He answered my emails quickly. Unlike my real dad, he loved my work.
    4. Darting inside, I shrieked, “I just saw Haley walk out of here. You lied to me!” “I never lied to you,” he insisted, quickly closing his door. “Don’t tell me you’re sleeping with her?” “Of course not.” He looked horrified. He wasn’t my lover, cheating with a younger woman. He was the long-term therapist who’d saved me from decades of drugs, alcohol, and self-destruction.
  12. Apr 2020
    1. and other macro-level aspects of the content.

      2nd annotation

    2. the way in which most people use visual interfaces.


    1. half and half cinnamon ut redeye

      second annotation

    2. café au lait macchiato single origin chicory pumpkin spice. Coffee robust as aftertaste milk, seasonal milk and, trifecta

      testing annotation with keyboard


  13. Mar 2020
    1. ugue ut lectus arcu bibendum at varius vel pharetra vel. Metus aliquam eleifend mi in nulla posuere.

      Some body text

      Some more body text

    1. Does not support


    2. Does not support


    3. Does not support

      not applicable in the LMS context - authentication managed by LTI session - but we are looking into this just to be sure. Could be changed to "Supports"

    4. Does not support


    5. Does not support


    1. The film was selected as the Icelandic entry

      "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Sem fringilla ut morbi tincidunt augue interdum velit. Accumsan sit amet nulla facilisi morbi tempus. Lacus sed viverra tellus in hac habitasse. Diam maecenas sed enim ut sem viverra. Et molestie ac feugiat sed lectus vestibulum mattis. Sed tempus urna et pharetra pharetra massa massa ultricies mi. Eu mi bibendum neque egestas congue quisque egestas diam. Varius duis at consectetur lorem donec massa sapien faucibus. Tellus molestie nunc non blandit massa enim nec dui nunc. Dictum fusce ut placerat orci nulla pellentesque dignissim enim sit. Semper eget duis at tellus. Eleifend quam adipiscing vitae proin sagittis. Ornare lectus sit amet est placerat in egestas. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et. Quam adipiscing vitae proin sagittis nisl.

      Enim eu turpis egestas pretium aenean pharetra magna. Arcu felis bibendum ut tristique et egestas quis ipsum suspendisse. Interdum varius sit amet mattis vulputate. Sed libero enim sed faucibus turpis in. Odio ut sem nulla pharetra diam. Purus non enim praesent elementum facilisis leo vel fringilla. Tristique senectus et netus et malesuada. Adipiscing at in tellus integer feugiat scelerisque. Est ultricies integer quis auctor elit sed vulputate mi. Lobortis feugiat vivamus at augue eget arcu. Cras pulvinar mattis nunc sed. Sapien pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus. Maecenas pharetra convallis posuere morbi. Aenean pharetra magna ac placerat vestibulum lectus mauris ultrices eros. Rhoncus mattis rhoncus urna neque viverra justo nec ultrices. Iaculis urna id volutpat lacus laoreet non curabitur gravida arcu. Iaculis urna id volutpat lacus laoreet non curabitur.

      Mauris nunc congue nisi vitae. Sed risus pretium quam vulputate dignissim suspendisse. Sagittis purus sit amet volutpat consequat mauris nunc. Urna condimentum mattis pellentesque id nibh tortor id aliquet. Faucibus a pellentesque sit amet porttitor eget. Sem fringilla ut morbi tincidunt augue interdum velit euismod. At auctor urna nunc id cursus metus aliquam eleifend. Elementum integer enim neque volutpat ac tincidunt vitae semper. Sagittis eu volutpat odio facilisis mauris sit amet. Bibendum enim facilisis gravida neque convallis a cras."

    2. Outlaw: The Saga of Gisli

      top level annotation - edited

    3. hello

    4. 17 February 1984

      Was this a leap year?

    1. Many programmers have had the experience of explaining a problem to someone else, possibly even to someone who knows nothing about programming, and then hitting u

      top-level annotation

  14. Feb 2020
    1. from research to vacation planning to holiday shopping

      I took inspiration from you in my last apartment search and used annotation to track the various apartments my partner & I were viewing!

  15. Jan 2020
    1. Does not support

      Supports - also, some issues raised were on the h end, which is out of scope currently

    2. Partially supports

      Supports - the IDRC evaluator was using the browser zoom instead of the PDF viewer zoom

    3. Does not support


    4. Does not support

      Note: Contrast is present as well - so this isn't accurate. Change to "Supports" or "Disputed"

    1. Radiography is an imaging technique using X-rays, gamma rays, or similar io


    1. The brand's last ad campaign was in 2010, and featured Nelly.

      I can annotate!

  16. news.yahoo.com news.yahoo.com
    1. An Iraqi government official reported a strike on two vehicles north of Baghdad but had no information on casualties


  17. Oct 2019
    1. But your customers are not the exclusive source of product feedback. Some of the most valuable suggestions for improvement can also appear during initial sales calls with prospects, internal evaluation of new features in your organization, and during design research and quality assurance motions.

      customer feedback and usage data is often presented as the gold standard for feedback re: product development - interesting to see other sources mentioned here

    1. “Say you’re trying to test whether people like pizza. If you serve them burnt pizza, you’re not getting feedback on whether they like pizza. You only know that they don’t like burnt pizza. Similarly, when you’re only relying on the MVP, the fastest and cheapest functional prototype, you risk not actually testing your product, but rather a poor or flawed version of it.”
    1. Somewhat disappointed users for whom speed was the main benefit: we paid very close attention to this group, because our main benefit did resonate. Something  —  probably something small  —  held them back

      Lots to be learned from people who are on the fence but with whom the main benefits of your product resonate.

  18. Sep 2019
    1. Abt recognizes the risk that this kind of policing can become stop-and-frisk-style harassment, and so he emphasizes the crucial role of community buy-in.

      Community buy-in is not what will stop the police from harassing (and killing) citizens of color. I don't think the police can be part of solving gun violence until they stop perpetrating gun violence against people of color. We need to disarm the police before we even think about employing them to address gun violence in the general population.

  19. Aug 2019
    1. December 22, 2017

      NYU requires four weeks' notice from departing employees. I was an "at-will" employee and not legally/contractually obligated to give the entire four weeks, but I wanted my records to show that I played by the rules.

    2. my decision to leave was not an easy one

      Don't say things like this unless they're true, otherwise you'll come off as disingenuous.

      In this case, I had a great working relationship with my manager and was genuinely disappointed that I'd no longer be working with her.

    3. [YOUR NAME]

      Leave a gap before your name so you can sign the letter after you print it out.

    4. I will work with you to ensure projects are wrapped up and department operations are set to continue smoothly after my departure.

      You want it on record that you didn't leave them in the lurch and you were conscientious about parting on good terms.


      Here we're further establishing goodwill so you can part from the organization or company on a positive note.


      For reference checks, HR generally only confirms employment dates. However, if you make some impressive info available to them in your resignation letter, they might choose to share this during a future reference check.

    7. my last day at [EMPLOYER] will be [LAST DAY]

      Your last day is at least two weeks after the day you hand this letter to your manager.

      Some industries or individual contracts require more than 2 weeks' notice, and some departing employees agree to stay longer than 2 weeks to end their employment on a positive note.

  20. Jul 2019
  21. May 2019
    1. The sidebar is hidden by default on desktop and mobile

      I've seen implementations where the sidebar is hidden by default, but there is an on-page widget which alerts users to annotations if they exist. Otherwise, users won't know that annotation is possible, unless they're already Hypothesis users, or they see a yellow highlight on the page and click to open it.

      Here's an example of how this could be implemented:

    1. For the 6th SmashingConf New York — we will be back in downtown New York, just around the corner of Times Square on October 15–16.

      Might want to attend this

    1. LTI Grading Caveats and Best Practices

      This will be useful when I start researching for our grading feature

  22. Apr 2019
    1. “I didn’t want to go back home, and this was my alternative,” Daniel says. “Part of why I got in a cult at all was because I had no idea how one finds a place to live in New York.”


  23. biopub.hypothes.is biopub.hypothes.is
    1. Global protein acetylation is a newly discovered phenomenon in bacteria. Of the more than 250 acetylations reported in E. coli, many are of metabolic enzymes. Thus, acetylation could represent a novel posttransl

      Add an annotation to it

    1. along with a video teaching them critical-reading skills.

      It's kind of funny that we're clinging so desperately to the idea that reading is the best and most necessary way to learn... but we're using video to teach students how to do it.

      Which is true: Are videos a legitimate and effective way of teaching material? Or are you using a sub-par method to teach these critical reading skills to your students?

    2. Video and audio, in fact, may sometimes be better than textbooks — what he calls “predigested food.”

      This is a problematic characterization. Written text, video, and audio are different forms of media with unique affordances. Someone with dyslexia might benefit from watching a video or listening to an audio track and it's not because they require "predigested food," it's because their brain processes information in a certain way.

    3. A similar trend holds true for the college-educated. The share of adults reading books of any kind on their own held steady from 2012 to 2017, according to the National Endowment for the Arts. The only segments of the population to significantly decline in that regard were women and adults with some college or with bachelor’s degrees.

      Perhaps because reading is a leisure activity, which college graduates do not always have time for! And since women are typically burdened with domestic labor in addition to their work responsibilities, they likely have less time to pick up a book.

    4. They’ve blamed students, instructors, standards, technology, conservatism, liberalism, demographics, recessions, divorce rates.

      But not capitalism?

      ...to be serious for a moment, I had to work 40+ hours/week to put myself through college on top of a full course load. With the inflation rate of tuition, this is becoming more common than not among students.

    1. when to pause the game using a /pause command (opening a menu doesn't pause in multiplayer).

      We CAN stop the clock!!

    2. The interior layout of an upgraded cabin is identical to the interior of an upgraded farmhouse, with one exception: the fireplace is replaced by a chest of drawers that holds the farmhand's inventory when the farmhand is not online. This chest of drawers cannot be moved and cannot be accessed by the farmhand who owns it.


    1. As a spate of articles about the phenomenon has come out in the past couple of years, more people have begun talking about a “gender pain gap.”

      Much like discussions of the pay gap, discussions of the "pain gap" are largely devoid of racial analysis. We're doing a lot of people a disservice by framing the conversation in this way.

      There are many sources which explain why and how this is harmful, but consider this study:


      Black Americans are systematically undertreated for pain relative to white Americans... false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites continue to shape the way we perceive and treat black people—they are associated with racial disparities in pain assessment and treatment recommendations.

    1. Accordingly, while this report does not conclude that the President committed a crime, it also does not exonerate him.

      This is the TL;DR. The President is NOT cleared of any illegal action or wrongdoing as a result of this report.

      The President and his followers have been lying outright to the public.

    2. The evidence we obtained about the President's actions and intent presents difficult issues that would need to be resolved if we were making a traditional prosecutorial judgment. At the same time, if we had confidence after a thorough investigation of the facts that the President clearly did not commit obstruction of justice, we would so state. Based on the facts and the applicable legal standards, we are unable to reach that judgment. Accordingly, while this report does not conclude that the President committed a crime, it also does not exonerate him. 182

      Seems like there is cause for Congress to look into this further.

    3. In the case of the obstruction-of-justice statutes, our assessment of the weighing of interests leads us to conclude that Congress has the authority to impose the limited restrictions contained in those statutes on the President's official conduct to protect the integrity of important functions of other branches of government.

      Does this mean there is legal standing for Congress to pursue an obstruction of justice case?

    4. e President and White House aides initially advanced a pretextual reason to the press and the public for Corney's termination. In the immediate aftermath of the firing, the President dictated a press statement suggesting that he had acted based on the DOJ recommendations, and White House press officials repeated that story. But the President had decided to fire Corney before the White House solicited those recommendations. Although the President ultimately acknowledged that he was going to fire Corney regardless of the Department of Justice's recommendations, he did so only after DOJ officials made clear to him that they would resist the White House's suggestion that they had prompted the process that led to Corney's termination. The initial reliance on a pretextual justification could support an inference that the President had concerns about providing the real reason for the firing, although the evidence does not resolve whether those concerns were personal, political, or both.

      As Matt Apuzzo for the NY Times points out:

      One of the biggest questions of the past two years — something that fueled the news coverage, the federal investigation and congressional scrutiny — is why so many people around Mr. Trump lied, misled and changed their stories.


      That's certainly at the forefront of my mind.

    5. e IRA also recruited moderators of conservative social media groups to promote IRA-generated content,90 as well as recruited individuals to perform political acts (such as walking around New York City dressed up as Santa Claus with a Trump mask).

      Uh, I definitely saw this happen at least once. Creepy.

    6. he Office learned that some of the individuals we interviewed or whose conduct we investigated-including some associated with the Trump Campaign-deleted relevant communications or communicated during the relevant period using applications that feature encryption or that do not provide for long-term retention of data or communications records. In such cases, the Office was not able to corroborate witness statements through comparison to contemporaneous communications or fully question witnesses about statements that appeared inconsistent with other known facts.

      Would this qualify as obstruction of justice?

    7. Some of the information obtained via court process, moreover, was presumptively covered by legal privilege and was screened from investigators by a filter ( or "taint") team.

      Contender for least helpful but most entertaining sentence in the report.

    8. Justice Manual§§ 9-13.400, 13.410.

      9-13.400: https://www.justice.gov/jm/jm-9-13000-obtaining-evidence#9-13.400

      9-13.410: https://www.justice.gov/jm/jm-9-13000-obtaining-evidence#9-13.410

      If someone could suss out the relevant parts of these policies, that would be helpful.

    9. while the investigation identified numerous links between individuals with ties to the Russian government and individuals associated with the Trump Campaign, the evidence was not sufficient to support criminal charges. Among other things, the evidence was not sufficient to charge any Campaign official as an unregistered agent of the Russian government or other Russian principal. And our evidence about the June 9, 2016 meeting and WikiLeaks's releases of hacked materials was not sufficient to charge a criminal campaign-finance violation. Further, the evidence was not sufficient to charge that any member of the Trump Campaign conspired with representatives of the Russian government to interfere in the 2016 election.

      What is the standard being applied for "sufficient evidence"?

    10. See United States v. Ne ksho, et al., No. 18-cr-215 D.D.C ..
    11. See United States v. Internet Research Agency, et al., No. 18-cr-32 (D.D.C.)
    12. Justice Manual § 9-27 .220

      Available here: https://www.justice.gov/jm/jm-9-27000-principles-federal-prosecution#9-27.220

      Relevant quote:

      The attorney for the government should commence or recommend federal prosecution if he/she believes that the person's conduct constitutes a federal offense, and that the admissible evidence will probably be sufficient to obtain and sustain a conviction, unless (1) the prosecution would serve no substantial federal interest; (2) the person is subject to effective prosecution in another jurisdiction; or (3) there exists an adequate non-criminal alternative to prosecution.


    13. Justice Manual § 9-27.000
    14. In evaluating whether evidence about collective action of multiple individuals constituted a crime, we applied the framework of conspiracy law, not the concept of "collusion." In so doing, the Office recognized that the word "collud[ e ]" was used in communications with the Acting Attorney General confirming certain aspects of the investigation's scope and that the term has frequently been invoked in public reporting about the investigation. But collusion is not a specific offense or theory of liability found in the United States Code, nor is it a term of art in federal criminal law.

      So "there was no collusion" is not an entirely accurate (or even relevant...) statement.

    15. e investigation did not establish that members of the Trump Campaign conspired or coordinated with the Russian government in its election interference activities. *

      Legally speaking, I'm interested to know how this doesn't qualify as conspiracy or coordination.

      Since annotations can't span multiple pages, I'm linking to a highlight of what "this" I'm referring to. :)


    16. Although the investigation established that the Russian government perceived it would benefit from a Trump presidency and worked to secure that outcome, and that the Campaign expected it would benefit
    1. One of the biggest questions of the past two years — something that fueled the news coverage, the federal investigation and congressional scrutiny — is why so many people around Mr. Trump lied, misled and changed their stories
    1. The attorney for the government should commence or recommend federal prosecution if he/she believes that the person's conduct constitutes a federal offense, and that the admissible evidence will probably be sufficient to obtain and sustain a conviction, unless (1) the prosecution would serve no substantial federal interest; (2) the person is subject to effective prosecution in another jurisdiction; or (3) there exists an adequate non-criminal alternative to prosecution.

      legal framework used for Mueller investigation.

  24. Mar 2019
    1. A guest on Laura Ingraham's show said that trans people will "destroy" gender norms to create "new species" that is "human and part machine."

      I'm ready, how can I help?

    1. My final trip to pseudo-Tokyo took an incredibly dark turn. I was a technician tasked with reliving the memories of a murder victim captured via—and this is very strange—a Pokémon experience recorder.

      How interesting that Pokémon made its way into this person's coma-dreams! I bet for me it would be Stardew Valley.

    1. The five instances of (co)authorship ofnon-human animals are as follows: F.D.C.Willard [2,6]—a Siamese house cat namedChester who was sired by a cat namedWillard—was associated with the Americanphysicist and mathematician Jack Hether-ington. Galadriel Mirkwood [3] was a dogowned by the immunologist PollyMatzinger. Once the dog co-authorship wasdiscovered in the latter instance, papers ofwhich Matzinger was a major author werebanned from the journal until the editor diedand a new one was appointed; she also facedinternal review by her university. H.A.M.S.ter Tisha [4] was—indeed—a hamster ownedand valued by Andre Geim, the 2010 recipi-ent of the Nobel Prize in Physics for hisco-discovery of graphene (http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2010/geim-facts.html). To date, he is theonly Nobel laureate who also received theIg-Nobel prize in 2000 for making frogs fly(http://www.improbable.com/ig/winners/).Finally, three bonobos named Wamba K,Wamba P, and Wamba N [5] were creditedas co-authors alongside the primatologistSue Savage-Rumbaugh.
    1. We thank Bear, the dog, for helping us randomize the order of all authors who contributed equally to the manuscript. We also thank Bear's owner, D. Luo, for aiding in Bear's author determination activity.

      I would be interested to know if Bear is the first dog to appear in the acknowledgements of a scientific paper!

    1. We’ve chosen to keep highlights private to avoid pages being cluttered by highlights that have no surrounding discussion.
    2. disallows it in our Public channel and in groups

      You can, however, add a tag to a highlight in order to share it to the Public channel or a group.

    1. Interesting article

    2. The fall 2018 Green Roof class projects were especially wide ranging and ambitious-and included two different green wall design proposals, a soil stormwater absorption experiment

      Interesting article

    3. Green Roof Ecology Students Design Projects for NYC Urban Rooftops

      Try annotating this article!

    1. Annotating with Groups Annotating with GroupsJeremy Dean2017-05-30T11:43:04+00:00

      This page should redirect you to the latest version of this tutorial at https://web.hypothes.is/help/annotating-with-groups/.

    1. orderstring Default: "desc" Enum:"asc" "desc" The order in which the results should be sorted.
  25. Feb 2019
    1. For layers which are followed by a GLU activation, we pro-pose a weight initialization scheme by adapting the deriva-tions in (He et al., 2015b; Glorot & Bengio, 2010; Ap-pendix A).

      Unable to reproduce in current version - this was done with the Chrome extension

    1. ReflectingonthispracticeinhisbookOneEarthManyReligions,Knitterwrites,“Wehadthe WordandSpirit;theyhadsinandheathenism.

      trying to annotate the same passage in the Public channel

  26. Jan 2019
    1. Most hotels charge you an extra fee if you bring your pet, but at the Paw House Inn, they add $10 to your bill if you don’t bring a dog.

      Some New England charm for you

      (this annotation was made using the Via proxy on Safari for Mac)

    2. . The resort has a bacon scavenger hunt through the woods and bone broth mutt-tinis at the bar,

      sounds like it would be great for humans too, honestly.

      (this annotation was made via the Bookmarklet for Safari on Mac)

  27. Dec 2018
    1. Edward Tufte

      I wish all academics would read Tufte before ever creating a slide deck :)

    2. Margaret Atwood

      Atwood is definitely one of my favorite authors. I do love The Handmaid's Tale and the MaddAddam trilogy, but my favorites of hers are where she explores women and their relationships with each other, namely The Robber Bride and Cat's Eye. Her Stone Mattress short story collection is incredible as well.

  28. Nov 2018
    1. Gates calls the new approach a “breakthrough,” but some environmental groups say gene drives are too dangerous to ever use.

      trying to add a tag

    2. United Nations considers a test ban on evolution-warping gene drives

      Yep, I'm seeing this in Chrome too

  29. Oct 2018
    1. They will work until they collapse, so care should be taken to avoid overworking them.

      They will play until they collapse, too!

    2. disallowing extremely light or extremely dark coats

      I've adopted two goldens who were too dark and too light, respectively, to be showdogs. It's a shame that people abandon these sweet and loving doggos just because they don't qualify for championships.

    3. a noticeable whitening of the fur on and around the muzzle

      aka "sugarsnout" 😍

    4. Golden retrievers are rarely choosy eaters

      Sometimes to their detriment. Be careful of what you leave in their presence! It will probably get eaten.

    1. Making Bulb More Accessible Heydon Pickering
    2. The Imitation Game Job van Achterberg

      Simulation alone might have opposite of intended effect— participants might end up feeling negatively about the disability being simulated.

      However, if framed with an appropriate conversation, the simulation can have positive effects and build empathy

    3. Three Lessons from Co-designing in a Large Corporation Alwar Pillai

      Co-design: empowering users to make design decisions


      • Timing: a11y often not considered until too late in the design process
      • Budget: when retrofitting for a11y, creates cost issues


      • Calling co-design sessions "meetings" appealed to the company culture & made it seem more casual. Team was more open to the idea this way.

      Measuring success

      • Scope & compliance: how much of product is compliant?
      • Shared responsibility: does everyone in the product lifecycle feel a sense of responsibility for a11y?
      • Open lines of communication between designers and devs & users with disabilities
    4. [Dog Barking in Distance] Vanessa Wells
      • Remember that subtitles and captions are not the same! Subtitles = just transposing spoken parts. Captions include sound effects.
      • Lack of QA for captions is ableism

      How to make captions better

      • Special training is required - not just anyone can do this -Captioning should be a discipline within media & comms studies
      • For sounds: it's significant if it contributes to the purpose of the scene. Background sounds, even if loud, are not always necessary!
      • Also, sometimes silence is necessary to point out to create appropriate atmosphere
      • Pay attention to idioms and make sure they're spelled / punctuated properly, otherwise it'll trip up the reader
      • Fact checking is necessary to make sure sounds are being described properly (sirens vs factory whistles, as an example)
      • Be exact about music playing - include song title, artist, and lyrics
      • Make sure captions aren't obscured by background
    5. Creating Accessible React Apps Scott Vinkle

      How to set page titles with React

      • default behavior: page title not updated and not announced to screen reader
      • use document.title property to display name after load (Note: this might be useful info for Hypothesis to provide to publishers / page owners once we had support for SPAs)

      Managing focus during page load

      • don't use document.getElementById because it doesn't work reliably
      • use React Ref API, set focus on the div after the page is fully loaded
    6. The Dark Side of the Grid Manuel Matuzović
      • Both tab order and screen reader order follows DOM order. Changing visual order with CSS grid has no effect on DOM and therefore screenreader. Can make things confusing for keyboard users, users of screen magnifiers.
      • Change source order, not visual order
      • Test all layouts with keyboard to make sure focus order is as expected
      • Don't compromise on semantics for visual order
    7. SC 1.3.5: More than just autocomplete John Foliot

      WCAG 2.1 Requirements:

      • 5 examples of websites meeting the requirement, at least 2 meeting AA and 1 meeting AAA
      • For each criterion, there needed to be at least 2 examples of how to implement
      • Documenting and testing procedures

      History of Success Criterion 1.3.5

      • Personalization: tailoring aspects of UX to meet preferences or needs of user
      • Buttons, controls, links, inputs, can be modified/personalized by user --> First, identify purpose

      Technical needs:

      • publicly published metadata schema
      • means of attaching metadata at the element level
      • demonstrate value of attaching the metadata

      Personalization task force formed to work on:

      • taxonomies for semantics, help & support, and tools
      • in the future: implement a "numbers-free" mode for users with dyscalculia
      • work is being tracked in personalization-semantics repo
      • Seeking feedback on vocab list
      • HTML5 autocomplete attribute can be used to hint to user how to or whether to provide information --> provided a taxonomy for 2.1

      Extensions for SC 1.3.5

      • One that adds commonly used pictograms for certain words
      • One that presents a compact list of all autocomplete fields on the page (could help with security concerns re: off-screen inputs)
    8. Game Accessibility In 2018 Ian Hamilton
      • AT: single switch. Anything with just a simple on/off switch. Could be a button, tube to blow into, etc (like what Steven Hawking would use!)
      • Consider that cognitive disabilities might be present in addition to physical ones.
      • “Games represent access to recreation, culture, and socializing. The difference between existing and living.”

      Recent advancements:

      • Nintendo Switch introduced color inverting and greyscale options. First time in history every major gaming system has some level of a11y integration!
      • Xbox has adaptive controller which allows you to completely remap controls in any way you want.
      • GameCritic now includes screenshot of what subtitles look like and screenshot of game controls. Allows someone to know whether they’ll be able to play the game.
      • Ubisoft now does FAQs for a11y features in games.
      • EA Sports also surfacing a11y info and publishing manuals in screen reader accessible format
      • Publish a11y info in advance of game release so AT users can decide whether they’ll buy the game ahead of time.
      • Consider addition of “stress free mode” where users can play without worrying about failure (see: Barbarian)
      • Madden 18 added haptics (in addition to preexisting announcer feature) to make the game accessible to blind users
      • Auto camera tracking removes need to use right joystick when walking
      • Customizable subtitles!!!!
    9. A Primer on the Designer's a11y Responsibility Hala Anwar
      • Wireframes are only visual, meaning devs are responsible for figuring out how the product behaves for all non-sighted users
      • Designers need to create comparable experience for everyone who uses the product
      • Include WCAG-compliant guidelines re: color, contrast, focus states, etc in your design system
      • For wireframes, mark up header, main, and footer sections so devs know to use appropriate semantic roles
      • Focus order: designers should draw the path of focus order for devs
      • Tip: get the NVDA list of elements to see links and buttons out of order, see if it still makes sense
      • WAI-ARIA cheat sheet by Karl Groves
      • Create a table where each element of the page is listed. Create columns for role, properties, and any state changes
    10. Microsoft's Inclusive Tech Lab Tara Voelker

      "Simulators are not for validation. They're for ideation. We don't roleplay disabilities." <br>–@LadieAuPair, #a11yTOConf

      — Eric BooOOOooley (@ericwbailey) October 16, 2018

      <script async="" charset="utf-8" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js"></script>

      Accessible interior design for labs: adjustable lighting, high contrasting furniture on dark carpet, and chairs that are sturdy but easy to move #a11yToConf

      — Nell Chitty (@NellChitty) October 16, 2018

      <script async="" charset="utf-8" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js"></script>
    11. Why wait? Let's make virtual reality accessible today! Thomas Logan

      "Leverage capitalism" for alt text for objects in virtual environments. In 3D marketplaces, objects are labelled for search discoverability; we can reuse these labels in virtual spaces, too, to identify what these objects are. Great recommendation from @TechThomas at #a11yTOConf

      — Cordelia (@cordeliadillon) October 16, 2018

      <script async="" charset="utf-8" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js"></script>

      #a11yTOConf @TechThomas<br>Add alternative text; use the object name from the marketplace. pic.twitter.com/6GpuHgqqAR

      — Adrian Roselli 🗯 (@aardrian) October 16, 2018

      <script async="" charset="utf-8" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js"></script> ![](https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Dpojin8U4AIsACA.jpg)

      Allow users to disclose and store user preferences, including accessibility considerstions, for 3D excited experiences. @TechThomas, #a11yTOConf

      — Eric BooOOOooley (@ericwbailey) October 16, 2018
      <script async="" charset="utf-8" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js"></script>

      A-Frame GUI Examples #a11yTOConf https://t.co/Kr6RgLSoPa

      — Nell Chitty (@NellChitty) October 16, 2018

      <script async="" charset="utf-8" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js"></script>
    12. The benefits and dangers of static code linting as a method of evaluating interface accessibility support Jesse Beach

      #a11yTOConf @jessebeach shows a function that loops through a pre-defined list of valid ARIA roles as part of a React linting process. pic.twitter.com/BkxdLtotSK

      — Adrian Roselli 🗯 (@aardrian) October 16, 2018

      <script async="" charset="utf-8" src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js"></script>

    13. Adventures in AOM Rob Dodson
      • AOM = accessibility object model. Proposed new collection of JavaScript APIs for web a11y being worked on by Google, Apple, and Mozilla
      • Goals: fill in ARIA gaps, expose computed properties, enable a11y for custom-drawn UI

      Fill in gaps with ARIA

      • Work toward attribute and property parity.
      • ARIA is string-based which makes working in JS inconvenient, AOM is working to fix this
      • Also, components should have built in semantics, rather than devs needing to remember which to set (& risk having browsers set them incorrectly)
      • Read more
      • Map actions to DOM events
      • Add new InputEvents types (currently designed primarily for text editing; need increment/decrement/dismiss events)
    14. Everything I learned about interaction design I learned in the senior center computer lab Cordelia Dillon
      • CAPTCHA is difficult for elderly people, especially if English isn’t their first language. But also conceptually: if they’re being asked to provide birthday and other personal info, why are they then asked to prove they’re not a robot?
      • A lot of tech is created by young, able-bodied people and as a result for them. Who gets excluded?
      • 15% of the US population is over the age of 65 as of 2017. Will increase to 22% by 2050. Older adults are a rapidly growing user base
      • Many older adults are low income or house less, therefore using older / outdated devices
      • Arthritis, low dexterity, tremors among common concerns for older adults

      Design principles for older adults:

      • Provide more than one way of performing an action (I.e. opening an app: double click, voice command...,)
      • Don’t add time-based pressure
      • Large tap targets (48px minimum), generous margins between targets, consideration of action order (don’t put trash too close to save!)
      • Outline tap targets clearly so users know where to tap (button outlines, form field outlines, etc)
      • Allow for user to easily recover from mistakes
      • Strong color contrast
      • Tooltips help a user know they’re about to interact with the correct thing
      • Avoid thin fonts
      • Don’t use the same icon for multiple meanings across one app
      • Describe functionality and key concept in plain language. Provide as much documentation as possible, but make it contextual
      • Make sure navigation patterns are consistent and intuitive
      • Half of seniors write down a list of steps for how to use a website. Redesigns, even small ones, can present significant challenges for seniors.
      • Provide a reliable experience so users don’t have to re-learn interaction patterns
    15. From the Field: Levering User Research in your Accessibility Quest Mel Banyard
      • Minimum Compliance Approach: using baseline a11y standards as the only method for inclusive design. Example: something can have an 88% WCAG compliance, which is pretty good, but still be unusable to a blind user.
      • Actual interviews/user testing with disabled users is necessary in addition to standard compliance work. “Move past the minimum”
      • Don’t just diagnose. Consider social context in which tech is used. Example: blind people tend to go with “low tech” solutions like canes and dogs because more high-tech options make things socially awkward for them.
      • People consider if a technology can serve them combined with how it will serve them. Does this fit with my sense of self?
      • Consider how a product might work in a user’s day-to-day life. That means you need to know what the day-to-day life is like for a user with disabilities.
      • When setting success criteria, ask how your definition of success could limit someone’s ability to be successful. Consider remote sessions instead of F2F. Don’t assume lack of eye contact or verbal feedback = disinterest
    16. Designing and Developing for the Neurodivergent Mind Shell Little
      • Neurodivergence = having a brain that functions in a way that diverges from the dominant societal standards of "normal." Covers a large scope of cognitive disabilities: autism, ADHD, and more
      • WCAG does not have a lot of guidelines for people with cognitive disabilities bc the landscape of neurodivergent minds is so complex and diverse

      Moving content:

      • A chat bot that pops up could be helpful to a neurotypical person, but for someone with sensory/distraction issues, it's a barrier
      • Sliding text across the screen can pull attention away from subtitles


      • Language processing disabilities: some need speech + captions, some get distracted by captions and can't understand speech. Subtitles should be configurable
      • If subtitles are paraphrasing rather than exactly as spoken, that's confusing for someone listening and following along with captions

      Voice to Text

      • Think beyond people with motor disabilities. People for whom English is not a 1st language or people with dyslexia / other cognitive disabilities are helped as well.
      • Don't disable voice to text for any reason!!
      • Google Docs' VTT works well and is an example to look at.

      Working Memory

      • Display password option in login form fields (note to self: does H have this??)
      • "Remember Me" and password autocomplete reduces cognitive load for those with working memory issues
      • Don't block access to password management software like LastPass
    17. If it’s interactive, it needs a focus style Eric Bailey
      • The A11y Project
      • Is it beautiful? Is it useful? Let’s not sacrifice the latter in the name of the former... focus styles are regarded as ugly, but many people rely on them!

      What makes a good link?

      • affordances like color, underline, hover states
      • Focus style! Every browser has a fallback state for when they are not specified by author. But these defaults aren’t always good enough for WCAG standards.
      • Don’t shift layout when styling for a link state!!
      • Check focus styles in high contrast mode to make sure they’re still visually distinct
      • Focus-within pseudoclass is useful for tables where cells contain links
      • Don’t make assumptions about how people use their devices. If someone is on a mobile device they might still be using a keyboard!
    18. Sustaining Accessibility – an Enterprise Commitment Sam Chandrashekar
      • A11y is not a static state— every time new code is added there is a risk of losing a11y
      • Sustaining a11y: what are the risks in maintaining? What are the challenges to keep it? Who has the power to support maintenance of a11y?

      Risks to A11y

      • Critical employee turnover, when 1 or few people are passionate about a11y and then later leave. Suggestion: promote active internal discussion for problem solving as a means of externalizing employee knowledge.
      • Inadequate a11y training. Suggestion: provide usable and useful training resources. Rather than long courses or workshops, consider just-in-time resources (i.e include instructions for installing & configuring a11y software with instructions for setting up dev environment)
      • Changes in regulatory requirements. Suggestion: create a11y SMEs in all areas of the organization, not just design or engineering
      • Inadequate oversight in product management
      • Loss of technology interoperability

      Organizational Commitments

      • prioritize a11y as a core value
      • Support employees in creating knowledge assets
      • Invest in infrastructure for knowledge management
    19. Unstoppable Campaign for Accessibility Laws – Latest News David Lepofsky

      Overview of laws at the provincial and federal level in Canada

      • Provincial: Ontarians with Disabilities Act. Other provinces are now following suit with similar laws. Lesson from Ontario: passing a law is one thing, getting it implemented is another thing entirely. Govt has currently frozen a11y efforts pending “briefing of new government,” which was elected over 100 days ago.
      • Federal: Accessible Canada Act. A good start, but is a weak bill (no timelines or obligations). Currently fighting for concrete timelines.

      Lessons learned

      • Accepted wisdom: a11y should be implemented for govt first, then large private sector corporations, then small private sector companies. However, it’s much easier for small companies and orgs to implement changes, so these should be tackled first.
      • If there’s no deadline, there’s no pressure for action.
      • Don’t splinter the power to make standards & access to enforce them. Creates inefficiency and dysfunction.
    20. Data Verbalization Doug Schepers
      • Common metaphor: data visualization = a story about data. More helpful: it's a user interface for data. Data visualization IS accessibility technology. Helps people with and without cognitive disabilities by reducing effort required to interpret data.
      • The idea of helping a user interpret data isn't inherently visual. "The purpose of visualization is insight, not pictures"
      • Cognitive load: how much effort is required to understand something. Germane cognitive load: brain looking for patterns within clutter to determine context. Serial tasks cost more cognitive load than parallel tasks
      • Pre-attentive attributes ideal for visual data representation: size, 2D position, and saturation
      • Gestalt principles also help with understanding with relatively little cognitive load
      • If tables were accessible, we wouldn't have data visualizations. So we know they're not good enough on their own.
      • Demo of accessible data viz tool Fizz Reader
    21. Finding the Place Where Accessibility and SEO Happily Co-Exist Carie Fisher
      • SEO = strategic changes to websites to increase search engine ranking
      • A11y = designing & building websites so anyone can interact regardless of ability.
      • Structure: good for search engine bots AND assistive tech users. Using semantic HTML, clear & consistent architecture improve scan-ability for bots and humans alike. (Tip: don’t overuse h1 tags. Search engines will down-rank you if you have too many)
      • Links & media: a11y also helps users with low bandwidth & those who view content without sound (i.e., when in public). Descriptive link text, alt text, consistent file naming, all help with SEO as well as a11y.
      • Content: include bullets, lists, & white space (preferred by SE bots and people with attention/cognitive disorders) and aim for 9th-grade reading level for copy
      • A11y Style Guide available here
    22. Assistive technology: training, UX and design: what devs need to know about UX and Aging Sassy Outwater
      • AT is a barrier for seniors accessing technology because it’s expensive & there’s a learning curve
      • biggest issues = overestimating what AT can do or underestimating what seniors can do.
      • important to understand the emotional component of seniors needing assistive tech. For some it’s traumatic to acquire disability so they are coming to your product already frustrated.
      • What makes a good website for an elderly end user? Obvious items include text size, mouse and keyboard use both accounted for, basically WCAG standards
      • Seniors like what works, meaning they hate upgrading / updating their tech.
      • “Don’t make me hunt down my mouse cursor in a mass of text”
      • Consider cognitive load and distractions. Moving elements or pop ups break focus and cause the user to forget what they were doing.
      • Use clear error message so when a form can’t be submitted the user knows where the error is and how to fix it
      • Personas should consider: various short term memory lengths, lack of tech knowledge, and the perspectives of real people with disabilities
    23. Steve Faulkner
      • ARIA should be used sparingly— “the first rule of ARIA is only use it when you need to”
      • when AJAX first started being used JAWS and other screen readers didn’t look for updates after page load, so pages built with AJAX presented a problem
      • the idea that screen readers are to blame when they don’t work with HTML5 is a myth. Remember that many new HTML5 standards not yet implemented for browsers.
      • Steve has created a github repo so people can file issues for bugs with JAWS / VFO
    1. Let me walk you through how simple creating a basic web extension is!


    1. Major League Soccer was founded in 1993 as part of the United States' successful bid to host the 1994 FIFA World Cup.[10] The first season took place in 1996 with ten teams.


  30. Sep 2018
    1. Although previous studies have demonstrated the adverse effects of war experiences on mental health and mental health problems with interpersonal sensitivity, it is possible that interpersonal sensitivity may explain the continued mental health problems among war-affected youth.


  31. biopub.hypothes.is biopub.hypothes.is
    1. E. coli, many are of metabolic enzymes. Thus, acetylation could represent a novel posttranslational mechanism of metabolic control. Yet, almost nothing is known about the regulation of these acetylations or of their metabolic outcomes.


    1. Historic ambiance and attentive service combine with high-quality food and beer at the original, award-winning Great Dane Pub. Featuring three bars, an outdoor beer garden, flat-screen TVs, billiards, shuffleboard, darts, and more than 14 beers brewed on-site.

      Sunday brunch + shuffleboard??

    1. Bassett Street Brunch Club is your downtown Madison restaurant destination for all-day, all-night brunch plus comfort food classics. Our menu features fun and familiar Mod-American cuisine revved up with a little style and sophistication. Besides brunch food, we serve up yummy appetizers and sandwiches, fresh salads and creative dinner entrees. We open our doors bright and early each day.

      Sunday brunch