31 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2022
  2. Apr 2022
    1. The way technologies like fMRI are applied is aproduct of our brainbound orientation; it has not seemed odd or unusual toexamine the individual brain on its own, unconnected to others.

      In part because of modalities of studying the brain using methods like fMRI where the images are of an individual's head, we focus too much and too exclusively on single brains bound to individuals rather than on brains working in concert.

      Greater flexibilities in tools and methods should help do studies of humans working in concert.

      Link this to the anecdote:

      I recall a radiology test within a medical school setting in which students were asked to diagnose an x-ray of a human patient's skull. Most either guessed small hairline fractures in the skull or that there was nothing wrong with the patient.

      Can you diagnose the patient?

      Almost all the students failed the question, and worse felt like idiots when the answer was revealed: the patient must be dead because the spinal column and the rest of the body are not attached. Compare:

    1. medial temporal lobes play a central role in memoryprocessing
    2. suggesting that the MPFC is responsiblefor the successful cognitive regulation of emotions [49


      anterior, greater self-awareness [50], Art Production Group

    3. prefrontal cortex, particularly BA8, 9, and 10, are robustly activated during introspection [8]
    4. valuative reception of artwork is anaesthetic experience, in which the parietal regions of the brain,especially the SPL, are associated with visuo-spatial explorationand attention [45]

      Possibility for why the Art Evaluation Group didn't have statistical significance

      (note: the ROI was in the left hemisphere)

    5. recentmeta-analysis by Mihov et al. (2010) demonstrated a relativedominance of the right hemisphere during abstract thinking

      Possibility for why the Art Evaluation Group didn't have statistically significant differences

    6. improvement in the connectivity of the PCC/preCUN to thebilateral frontal cortices after producing visual art
    7. training in avisual art production group enhances functional connectivity ofthe DMN, particularly between the parietal and frontal cortices.
    8. resilience in relation to less DMN functional connectivity) wasobserved for the parietal cortex

      *greater resilience

    9. greater resilience was associated with greater functionalconnectivity of the DMN with STG and MTG
    10. (greater resilience in relation togreater PCC/preCUN functional connectivity
    11. hemispheric specialization and creative thinking, thePCC/preCUN coordinates were located in both hemispheres
    12. we were able to locate therelevant brain regions of activations of functional connectivity[25]
    13. DMN is characterized bypositive and negative connectivity between the dorsal and ventralmedial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), the medial parietal cortex(posterior and anterior cingulate cortex (PCC; ACC), precuneus(preCUN)), and the inferior parietal cortex during rest [7], [10],[11], [12]
    14. posterior cingulated cortex (PCC/preCUN)
  3. Mar 2022
    1. Kerry Ann Dickson, an associate professor of anatomy and cell biology atVictoria University in Australia, makes use of all three of these hooks when sheteaches. Instead of memorizing dry lists of body parts and systems, her studentspractice pretending to cry (the gesture that corresponds to the lacrimal gland/tearproduction), placing their hands behind their ears (cochlea/hearing), and swayingtheir bodies (vestibular system/balance). They feign the act of chewing(mandibular muscles/mastication), as well as spitting (salivary glands/salivaproduction). They act as if they were inserting a contact lens, as if they werepicking their nose, and as if they were engaging in “tongue-kissing” (motionsthat represent the mucous membranes of the eye, nose, and mouth, respectively).Dickson reports that students’ test scores in anatomy are 42 percent higher whenthey are taught with gestures than when taught the terms on their own.

      Example of the use of visual, auditory, and proprioceptive methods used in the pedagogy of anatomy.

    2. “penetrative thinking.” This is the capacity to visualize and reason about theinterior of a three-dimensional object from what can be seen on its surface—acritical skill in geology, and one with which many students struggle.

      Penetrative thinking is the ability to abstractly consider and internally visualize or theorize about the inside of a three dimensional object based on what can be seen on its surface.

      Penetrative thinking can be useful in areas like geology and anatomy.

      Improvements in penetrative thinking can be exercised, encouraged, and improved by using gestures.

  4. Feb 2022
  5. blogs.baruch.cuny.edu blogs.baruch.cuny.edu
    1. nd wat

      "clay" elicits ideas of rebirth and reformation; a new shape, a new you.

      "wattle" as well--is symbolically laden with anatomy connotations, but also can be reference to twings, and other images of nature.

  6. Apr 2021
  7. Aug 2020
  8. Jun 2020
    1. English physician Charles White, t he well-known author of a trea-tise on midwifery, entered the debate over species i n 1799. Unlike Scotland’s Lord Kames, White circled around religion and employed a new method of proving the existence of separate race species—comparative anatomy. He did not want t he conclusions i n his Account on the Regular Gradation in Man to “be construed so as t o give the small-est countenance to the pernicious practice of enslaving mankind.”
  9. Jan 2020
    1. chart the index finger as the 2nd finger, middle finger as the 3rd, ring finger as the 4th, and pinky as the 5th finger
    1. It’s therefore more accurate to describe a thumb as one of five digits that we have on each hand, rather than as a finger.
  10. Dec 2019
    1. having spent some months in successfully collecting and arranging my materials

      Cadavers for anatomical training in this period were scarce, and thus a medical education meant to study and extend life also fostered serial killers who committed murders for the sake of selling fresh corpses. Such killing sprees were ended by the Anatomical Act of 1832 in England, which made corpses legally available for medical research.

    2. physiology

      By 1818 physiology had become a controversial branch of medicine at the center of the dispute between vitalism, the idea that a divine spark energized animal life, and materialism, the argument that chemical processes alone give rise to life. Mary Shelley was well aware of the dispute since the Shelleys' family doctor, William Lawrence, was vigorously taking up the materialist argument in works like An Introduction to Comparative Anatomy and Physiology (1816). For a full view of this controversy as it relates to the novel, see Marilyn Butler, "Frankenstein and Radical Science" [1993] reprinted in J. Paul Hunter, Frankenstein, Norton Critical Edition, second ed. (New York: Norton, 2012): 404-416.

  11. May 2019
  12. Jan 2019
  13. Jul 2018
  14. Oct 2013