- Sep 2023
Notes from event on 2023-09-07
Used as part of the Carolingian educational program (rhetoric)
As of 2023, it's the oldest codex manuscript in Philadelphia
Formerly part of the (Thomas) Phillipps Collection (MSS Phillips appears on p1); see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Phillipps
There is some green highlighting on portions of the text
contains some marginalia and interlineal notations
Periermenias is the Greek title
Underdotting of some of the letters is used to indicate deletion of the text (used like striking out text today)
There are two sets of Carolingian script in the book, likely by different hands/times.
Shows prick marks in parchment for drawing lines to write evenly.
Has a few diagrams: squares of opposites (philosophy); color was added in XI C or possibly later
folio 45 switch to newer MS copy to continue text
Poem in last few lines with another text following it
parchment is smaller in one section at the end.
Another poem and then a letter to an abbott with a few pages in between (likely misbound) - quire of 12
Book starts with grammar, then Boethius translation of Aristotle, and then a letter. This could be an example of the trivium put together purposely for pedagogy sake, though we're missing all of their intended purpose (it wasn't written down).
China steigert die Produktion von Strom aus Kohle weiter. Im Augenblick wird pro Woche eine zusätzliche Kohleverbrennung genehemigt, die ca. 2 durchschnittlichen Kraftwerken entspricht. Diese Entwicklung steht im Widerspruch zu den offiziellen Klimazielen Chinas. Das Hauptziel ist dabei offensichtlich kurzfristige Energiesicherheit. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2023/aug/29/china-coal-plants-climate-goals-carbon
- topic: coal industry
- country: China
- institution: Trivium China
- expert: Cory Combs
- institution: Global Energy Monitor
- time: 2023
- institution: Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air
- Oct 2022
For the tools of learning are the same, in any and everysubject; and the person who knows how to use them will, at any age, get themastery of a new subject in half the time and with a quarter of the effortexpended by the person who has not the tools at his command.
Rhetoric should be taken at aboutfourteen, the first category of pupil should study Grammar from about nineto eleven, and Dialectic from twelve to fourteen;
Trivium adapts itself with a singularappropriateness to these three ages: Grammar to the Poll-parrot, Dialectic tothe Pert, and Rhetoric to the Poetic Age.
modern education concentrates onteaching subjects, leaving the method of thinking, arguing, and expressingone’s conclusions to be picked up by the scholar as he goes along;
Compared to classical education, modern education concentrates on teaching only "subject" areas and relying on one to osmose the methods for thinking, arguing, and properly expressing one's ideas as they proceed, if in fact they do at all.
Thewhole of the Trivium was in fact intended to teach the pupil the proper use ofthe tools of learning, before he began to apply them to “subjects” at all
The point of putting the Trivium in front of the Quadrivium is that the student is first taught the use of the "tools of learning" before they are then taught how to apply them to broad subjects as a means of learning how to learn.
- Jun 2022
Outline of academic disciplines
Broad area outline of academic disciplines - humanities - social science - natural science - formal science - applied science
Compare these with the original trivium and quadrivium or early humanities and arts and sciences designations.
- May 2022
One of the masters of the school, Hugh (d. 1140 or 1141), wrote a text, the Didascalicon, on whatshould be learned and why. The emphasis differs significantly from that of William of Conches. It isdependent on the classical trivium and quadrivium and pedagogical traditions dating back to St.Augustine and Imperial Rome.
Hugh of St. Victor wrote Didascalicon, a text about what topics should be learned and why. In it, he outlined seven mechanical arts (or technologies) in analogy with the seven liberal arts (trivium and quadrivium) as ways to repair the weaknesses inherit in humanity.
These seven mechanical arts he defines are: - fabric making - armament - commerce - agriculture - hunting - medicine - theatrics
Hugh of St. Victor's description of the mechanical art of commerce here is fascinating. He says "reconciles nations, calms wars, strengthens peace, and turns the private good of individuals into a benefit for all" (doublcheck the original quotation, context, and source). This sounds eerily familiar to the common statement in the United States about trade and commerce.
Link this to the quote from Albie Duncan in The West Wing (season 5?) about trade.
Other places where this sentiment occurs?
Is Hugh of St. Victor the first in history to state this sentiment?
- Feb 2019
These three stages are not the same as the Trivium, but they do seem to pair nicely, particularly if you understand the Trivium in a sort of developmental way as explained by Dorthy Sayers that is all the rage in classical education these days.