318 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. But anti- spam software often fetches all resources in mail header fields automatically, without any action by the user, and there is no mechanical way for a sender to tell whether a request was made automatically by anti-spam software or manually requested by a user. To prevent accidental unsubscriptions, senders return landing pages with a confirmation step to finish the unsubscribe request. A live user would recognize and act on this confirmation step, but an automated system would not. That makes the unsubscription process more complex than a single click.

      HTTP: method: safe methods: GETs have to be safe, just in case a machine crawls it.

  2. Nov 2022
  3. Sep 2022
  4. Aug 2022
    1. I feel very happy about them indeed because they take me to the destinations they promise (they're all nouns). Login doesn't take me to my login, which makes me sad. It does take me to a place where I can log in, however.
    1. How do publishers design and organize content for their audience and purpose?

      I will just say this: there are both tried and true and normed audiences and purposes as well as dynamic and non-evergreen contents. This is vague I understand but the kinds of content in social media is always changing. When the algorithm changes so, too, does the shape and style of content. I don't know if the larger values, audience and purpose, change, but I suspect the even larger ones like empathy are super evergreen. Sorry. I wish I had more time to make this shorter.

    2. How do readers and writers determine and develop relevant, accurate, and complete topics/content?

      Here is how I do it:

      1. Listen and sense the kinesthetic tickle of being on the trail of something that answers an important question. Knowing has a 'feel' to it.
      2. Adopt the attitude of many futurists: strong opinions, loosely held. Practically speaking, this means that our potential answers to these big questions are filtered through these strong opinions, but that we can change the filters if we remain open to it.
      3. Share with networks from the inners (personal and face-to-face) to the outers (often many degrees of separation beyond).
    3. What strategies and processes do collaborators need for success?

      You need a space to gather, make sense of, and share your answers as they develop.

    4. How do researchers investigate successfully?

      Start with an essential question that matters to you.

  5. Jun 2022
    1. What aspects of communication do you think are “common sense?” What aspects of communication do you think require more formal instruction and/or study? What communication concept has appealed to you most so far? How can you see this concept applying to your life? Do a communication self-assessment. What are your strengths as a communicator? What are your weaknesses? What can you do to start improving your communication competence?

      Answer each of these questions. Respond to a peer's comment on Question 2, responding on how the communication concept they have noted has also applied to your life in a similar or different way.

    2. What anxieties do you have regarding communication and/or public speaking?

      Answer this question. Comment on a peer's comment by providing them with a potential strategy.

    3. Getting integrated: Evaluate your speaking and listening competencies based on the list generated by the NCA. Out of the skills listed, which ones are you more competent in and less competent in? Which skill will be most useful for you in academic contexts? Professional contexts? Personal contexts? Civic contexts?
    4. People can develop cognitive competence by observing and evaluating the actions of others.

      What is one example of when you have altered your communication strategy in response to observing or engaging with others? This could be with a client, friend, family member, colleague, or professor. Ex. I know that whenever I ask my spouse something, and they start their answer with "Uhhh...*long pause...", the answer is a hard no.

  6. Apr 2022
    1. Will be executed right after outermost transaction have been successfully committed and data become available to other DBMS clients.

      Very good, pithy summary. Worth 100 words.

      The first half was good enough. But the addition of "and data become available to other DBMS clients" makes it real-world and makes it clear why it (the first part) even matters.

  7. Mar 2022
  8. learn-us-east-1-prod-fleet02-xythos.content.blackboardcdn.com learn-us-east-1-prod-fleet02-xythos.content.blackboardcdn.com
    1. Fighting for Honor
      1. How did martial arts serve as an ethnic marker?

      2. What were the various social contexts in North America in which martial arts were utilized by enslaved Africans and their descendants? Apart from honor, what advantages (and possibly disadvantages) did the enslaved from using martial arts in these contexts?

      3. In what ways did martial arts serve as a useful resource in pursuing/defending honor?

  9. Feb 2022
    1. Jef is my official legal name, it's not a nickname.

      This response is pretty evasive. It's true, but (a) Raskin's name was changed from his original birthname, and (b) it doesn't answer the question that was asked. (It's a response to a question/statement that wasn't asked.)

    1. Data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) can answer questions about how the child care arrangements of families who use HBCC providers vary by demographic characteristics (such as racial and ethnic background, ages of children, and socioeconomic status)

      Can we learn about this? I don't know about the SIPP

  10. Dec 2021
  11. Nov 2021
  12. Oct 2021
    1. If ,z=f(x)+yg(x), what can we say about ?zyy? zyy=0 zyy=y zyy=zxx zyy=g(x) We cannot say anything

      if we solve this second order derivative with respect to y we get 0 + g(x) for our first derivative because we are to treat it as a constant. when we take the second derivative of this with respect to y we simply get 0. This is because the derivative of any constant is 0.

  13. activecalculus.org activecalculus.org
    1. The largest set on which the function f(x,y)=1/(3−x2−y2) is continuous is All of the xy-plane The interior of the circle x2+y2=3 The exterior of the circle x2+y2=3 The interior of the circle ,x2+y2=3, plus the circle All of the xy-plane except the circle

      it is E because the denominator 3-x^2 -y^2 cannot be equal to 0, so x^2 + y^2 cannot be equal to 3.

    2. Find the limit (enter 'DNE' if the limit does not exist) Hint: rationalize the denominato

      after the denominator is rationalized, we get sqrt(9x^2 +2y^2+1) +1 which we then get to plug 0,0 in for so we get sqrt(1) + 1 which gives us 2

  14. Sep 2021
    1. Suppose the displacement of a particle in motion at time t is given by the parametric equations x(t)=(3t−1)2,y(t)=7,z(t)=54t3−27t2. (a) Find the speed of the particle when .

      A) what we havew to do to find the speed first given the particle motion is derive x(t), y(t), z(t). this gives us x'(t) = 18t-6, y'(t) = 0, z'(t) = 162x^2 - 54t. for when the speed is t=3 we plug 3 for t. this gives us 48,0,1296. noe we take the magnitude of this which is Sqrt((48)^2 + (0)^2 + (1298)^2 = 1298.0123 so the speed of this particle at t=3 is 1298.0123

    1. The line parametrized by x=7,y=5t,z=6+t is parallel to the x-axis.

      A) we can observe the coefficients of x,y,z which gives us the direction vector (0, 5, 1)

      Based on what we know is parallel, this direction vector is not parallel to the x-axis.

    2. 5. Suppose parametric equations for the line segment between (9,−6) and (−2,5) have the form: x=a+bty=c+dt If the parametric curve starts at (9,−6) when t=0 and ends at (−2,5) at ,t=1, then find ,a, ,b, ,c, and .d. a= , b= , c= , d= .

      Using the given equations, our A and C values are simply the respective x,y values for when our curve starts

      To find B and D, we take the x,y values of the ending of the curve and subtract the x,y values at the beginning of the curve respectively.

    1. Find a⋅b if |a| = 7, |b| = 7, and the angle between a and b is −π10 radians.

      We know the formula a.b=|a||b| cos(theta)

      we are given |a|, |b| and cos so this becomes a lot easier.

      a.b = (7)(7) cos(-pi/10)

      a.b = (49) (0.951)

      a.b = 46.602

    2. The angle between the vectors y=⟨1,2,−3⟩ and z=⟨−2,1,1⟩ to the nearest tenth of a degree.

      To determine the angle of these two vectors, we use the provided equation 9.3.1

      Lets first calculate the length of each of the provided vectors

      |y| = sqrt(1^2 + 2^2 + (-3)^2) = sqrt(14), |z| = sqrt((-2)^2 + 1^2 + 1^2) = sqrt(6)

      Now let's calculate the dot product of U and V: U.V = 1x-2 + 2x1 + -3x1 = -3

      Now we solve for the angle. We have... theta = cos^-1 ((-3)/sqrt(6) x sqrt(14))

      We get 109.106 degrees

    1. TypeScript is an extension of JavaScript. You can think of it as JavaScript with a few extra features. These features are largely focused on defining the type and shape of JavaScript objects. It requires that you be declarative about the code you're writing and have an understanding of the values your functions, variables, and objects are expecting.While it requires more code, TypeScript is a fantastic means of catching common JavaScript bugs while in development. And for just that reason, it's worth the extra characters.
    1. Webpack's resolve.mainFields option determines which fields in package.json are used to resolve identifiers. If you're using Svelte components installed from npm, you should specify this option so that your app can use the original component source code, rather than consuming the already-compiled version (which is less efficient).
    1. If Orwell merely tried another way who is to say he wouldn’t like it?

      To answer your question, he probably would not like it just because ti would be a foreign and unusual taste to him, but I understand your point that even if it is not his method does not mean it is wrong.

    1. According to Netflix, the Netflix app asks this question to prevent users from wasting bandwidth by keeping a show playing that they’re not watching. This is especially true if you’re watching Netflix on your phone through mobile data. Every megabyte is valuable, considering that network providers impose strict data limits and may charge exorbitant rates for data used on top of your phone plan. Advertisement tmntag.cmd.push(function(){tmntag.adTag('purch_Y_C_0_1', false);}); Of course, this saves Netflix bandwidth, too—if you fall asleep or just leave the room while watching Netflix, it will automatically stop playing rather than streaming until you stop it. Netflix also says this helps ensure you don’t lose your position in a series when you resume it. If you fall asleep in the middle of your binging session, you might wake up to find that several hours of episodes have played since you stopped watching. It will be difficult for you to remember when you left off.
  15. Aug 2021
  16. Jul 2021
    1. As for why - a GET can be cached and in a browser, refreshed. Over and over and over. This means that if you make the same GET again, you will insert into your database again. Consider what this may mean if the GET becomes a link and it gets crawled by a search engine. You will have your database full of duplicate data.
  17. Jun 2021
    1. We should test for events emitted in response to an action in our component. This is used to verify the correct events are being fired with the correct arguments.
    1. Your attempt should work. There is a mismatch in column name in your query though. The query uses col2 but the table is defined with col1.

      I would actually lean towards making this a comment, at least the typo fix part. But if you remove the typo fix part, all that's left is "should work", which I guess should be a comment too since it's too short to be an answer.

  18. May 2021
    1.   It follows from the foregoing considerations that the requirement of independence that has to be satisfied by the authority entrusted with carrying out the prior review referred to in paragraph 51 of the present judgment means that that authority must be a third party in relation to the authority which requests access to the data, in order that the former is able to carry out the review objectively and impartially and free from any external influence. In particular, in the criminal field, as the Advocate General has observed, in essence, in point 126 of his Opinion, the requirement of independence entails that the authority entrusted with the prior review, first, must not be involved in the conduct of the criminal investigation in question and, second, has a neutral stance vis-à-vis the parties to the criminal proceedings.
    2. the answer to the third question referred for a preliminary ruling is that Article 15(1) of Directive 2002/58, read in the light of Articles 7, 8 and 11 and Article 52(1) of the Charter, must be interpreted as precluding national legislation that confers upon the public prosecutor’s office, whose task is to direct the criminal pre-trial procedure and to bring, where appropriate, the public prosecution in subsequent proceedings, the power to authorise access of a public authority to traffic and location data for the purposes of a criminal investigation.
    1.   In the light of all the foregoing considerations, the answer to the questions referred is that Article 5 of Directive 77/249 must be interpreted as meaning that:–        it does not preclude, as such, in the light of the objective of the proper administration of justice, a lawyer, provider of representation services in respect of his or her client, from being required to work in conjunction with a lawyer who practises before the judicial authority in question and who would be responsible, if necessary, towards that judicial authority, under a system placing lawyers under ethical and procedural obligations such as that of submitting to the judicial authority in question any legal element, whether legislative or case-law-based, for the purposes of the proper course of the procedure, from which the litigant is exempt if he or she decides to conduct his or her own defence;–        the obligation for a visiting lawyer to work in conjunction with a lawyer who practises before the judicial authority in question, in a system in which the latter have the possibility of defining their respective roles, the sole purpose of the lawyer who practises before the judicial authority in question being, as a general rule, to assist the visiting lawyer to ensure the proper representation of their client and the proper fulfilment of his or her duties to that judicial authority is not disproportionate, in the light of the objective of the proper administration of justice;–        a general obligation to work in conjunction with a lawyer who practises before the judicial authority in question which does not allow account to be taken of the experience of the visiting lawyer would go beyond what is necessary in order to attain the objective of the proper administration of justice.
  19. Apr 2021
    1. COPYRIGHT Rsync was originally written by Andrew Tridgell and is currently maintained by Wayne Davison. It has been improved by many developers from around the world. Rsync may be used, modified and redistributed only under the terms of the GNU General Public License, found in the file COPYING in this distribution, or at the Free Software Foundation.

      Only answered:

      • who maintains
      • what the license is
  20. Mar 2021
    1. The reason Final Form does this is so that pristine will be true if you start with an uninitialized form field (i.e. value === undefined), type into it (pristine is now false), and then empty the form field. In this case, pristine should return to true, but the value that the HTML DOM gives for that input is ''. If Final Form did not treat '' and undefined as the same, any field that was ever typed in would forever be dirty, no matter what the user did.
    1. So why the over-complication? What we got now is replicating a chain of && in the former version. This time, however, you will know which condition failed and what went in by using tracing. Look at the trace above - it’s impossible to not understand what was going on.
  21. Feb 2021
    1. Learn more about how we made the decision to put our guidance in the public domain
    2. In order to support easy reuse, revision, remixing, and redistribution, the entire Hypothesis Help knowledge base by Hypothesis is dedicated to the public domain via CC CC0 1.0. While we appreciate attribution and links back to Hypothesis from anywhere these works are published, they are not required.
  22. Jan 2021
    1. Why the ^=? This means "starts with", because we can also have variation placements like top-start.
    1. Why is CORS important? Currently, client-side scripts (e.g., JavaScript) are prevented from accessing much of the Web of Linked Data due to "same origin" restrictions implemented in all major Web browsers. While enabling such access is important for all data, it is especially important for Linked Open Data and related services; without this, our data simply is not open to all clients. If you have public data which doesn't use require cookie or session based authentication to see, then please consider opening it up for universal JavaScript/browser access. For CORS access to anything other than simple, non auth protected resources
    1. The same-origin policy fights one of the most common cyber attacks out there: cross-site request forgery. In this maneuver, a malicious website attempts to take advantage of the browser’s cookie storage system.
    1. Why? I wrote MagpieRSS out of a frustration with the limitations of existing solutions. In particular many of the existing PHP solutions seemed to: use a parser based on regular expressions, making for an inherently fragile solution only support early versions of RSS discard all the interesting information besides item title, description, and link. not build proper separation between parsing the RSS and displaying it.
  23. Dec 2020
    1. Why Vala? Many developers want to write GNOME applications and libraries in high-level programming languages but can't or don't want to use C# or Java for various reasons, so they are stuck with C without syntax support for the GObject type system. The Vala compiler allows developers to write complex object-oriented code rapidly while maintaining a standard C API and ABI and keeping the memory requirements low.
    1. These are valid comments. I think it is worth noting that svelte didn’t choose a non-javascript method for fun or because we think we should redesign the language. The additional constructs, for the most part, are there to allow svelte to more clearly work out exactly what is going on in the code in order to optimise. In short svelte needs a certain amount of information to do what it does and pure javascript is often difficult to analyse in this way. But I appreciate your concerns and comments and we try to take all feedback on board where we can. So thank you!
  24. Nov 2020
  25. Oct 2020
    1. I really dont need a solution to this problem! I can find many workararounds

      Actually, the answer that was given was a good answer, as it pointed to the problem: It was a reminder that you need to:

      assign to a locally declared variable.

      So I'm not sure the answer was intended to "just" be a solution/workaround, but to help correct or fill in the misunderstanding / forgotten piece of the puzzle to help OP realize why it wasn't working, and realize how reactivity is designed to work (based on assignments).

      It was a very simplified answer, but it was meant to point in the right direction.

      Indeed, it pointed to this main point that was explained in more detail by @rixo later:

      Personally, this also totally aligns with my expectations because in your function fruit can come from anywhere and be anything:

  26. Sep 2020
    1. Why do we use bundlers again?Historically, bundlers have been used in order to support CommonJS files in the browser, by concatenating them all into a single file. Bundlers detected usages of require() and module.exports and wrap them all with a lightweight CommonJS runtime. Other benefits were allowing you to serve your app as a single file, rather than having the user download several scripts which can be more time consuming.
  27. Aug 2020
    1. Then when giving answers I'm even less certain. For example I see occasional how-to questions which (IMO) are ridiculously complex in bash, awk, sed, etc. but trivial in python, (<10 lines, no non-standard libraries). On such questions I wait and see if other answers are forthcoming. But if they get no answers, I'm not sure if I should give my 10 lines of python or not.
    2. There is an observable widespread tendency to give an awk answer to almost everything, but that should not be inferred as a rule to be followed, and if there's (say) a Python answer that involves less programming then surely that is quite on point as an answer for a readership of users.
    3. "When an OP rejects your edit, please do not edit it back in!" Correspondingly, when a user repeatedly does try to edit, understand that something in your framing isn't working right, and you should reconsider it.
  28. Jun 2020
    1. Ai Khanoum looked like the other royal cities of the Hellenistic Near East, where a new architecture had developed as early as the beginning of the third century, under the initiative of the Seleucid kings. This architecture was eclectic and was characterized by a synthesis of various influences coming from all over the Mediterranean world, but particularly from Mesopotamia and the Iranian plateau.

      Answer to Study Question 26.

    2. All the roofs were flat, as was usual in the Orient and central Asia. Very few were completely covered with tiles; rather, just two or three rows of tiles were placed along the roof edge. All the walls were constructed from mudbricks, even those of the public buildings, which is uncommon in the Greek world. The floors were made of beaten earth and covered with carpets, per local custom. Many col-umn bases were eastern in style and had a large torus on the plinth, a feature widely used in Achaemenid architecture. A campaniform base was also discovered inside the palace foundations.

      Answer to Study Question 25.

    3. The palace was a huge complex; not only did the king and his family live there, but it was also where the administrative offices of both the kingdom and the city were housed.

      Answer to Study Question 24.

    4. In assessing the extent of Greek influence, another problem is the absence of an identifiable agora.

      Answer to Study Question 23.

    5. dominated by an elite that drew its wealth from farming.

      Answer to Study Question 21.

    6. These private spaces were always provided with bathrooms, a characteristic feature of the Greek presence in central Asia.

      Answer to Study Question 20.

    7. They always in-cluded a large courtyard, which occupied at least half of the total area and was used as a private space for relaxation. A vestibule with two columns gave access to a reception room, which was the largest space in the house.

      Answer to Study Question 20.

    8. We can assume that Kineas had been the founder of the city on behalf of the king and that he died shortly after its foundation.

      Answer to Study Question 19.

    9. These aphorisms specified the main qualities a Greek man should display and were in some way a definition of Greek identity.

      Answer to Study Question 18.

    10. The heroon was another place of worship. A dedicatory inscription, from a man named Klearchos, engraved on the base of a pedestal that had been erected inside its precinct, tells us that it was known as the Temenos of Kineas.

      Answer to Study Question 17.

    11. Archaic founda-tions reveal that the first duty of the settlers and the man who guided them, the oikist, was to organize the physical space of the colony.

      Answer to Study Question 16.

    12. The main canal, which brought water into the city, flowed alongside this street, after entering near the north edge of the acropolis and running along its lowest slopes. This watercourse was needed to supply water to the south-ern part of the city.

      Answer to Study Question 15.

    13. This street played a structuring role in the urbanism of the city, since most of the buildings, ex-cept for the palace, were oriented along it. The same orientation characterized the Darya-i Pandj and the natural features. The decision to build the street near the foot of the acropolis rather than in the lower city may seem surprising. According to Bernard, it allowed a large space for public buildings, especially for the palace.

      Answer to Study Question 14.

    14. two rivers

      Answer to Study Question 13. The rivers made it easier to protect.

    15. Rather, it seems that the local populations themselves may have attacked the city along with the nomads and therefore that they played a major role in this event.

      Answer to Study Question 12. 45 B.C.E.

    16. It was, however, under Eucratides that the city reached its apex and acquired its final appearance.

      Answer to Study Question 11.

    17. Some well-stratified coins from the sanctuary allow us to conclude that these two buildings were constructed during the reign of Antiochos I

      Answer to Study Question 8.

    18. A residential quarter in the south and several monumental public buildings, including a palace, a gymnasium, two mausoleums, a theater, a temple, and an arsenal, were discovered.

      Answer to Study Question 7.

    19. It was strategically located at the conflu-ence of the Darya-i Pandj—the upper part of the Amu Darya River—and the Kokcha Rivers, at the southern extremity of a rich plain that was already under culti-vation when the Greek colonists settled there: irriga-tion networks had been constructed during the second millennium and the first half of the first millennium B.C.E.

      Answer to Study Question 4.

    20. Antiochos’ mother was Apama, daughter of the Bactrian nobleman Spitamenes; Seleucos had mar-ried her at Susa in 324.

      Answer to Study Question 3.

    21. Several elements considered in this article shed light on the nature and functions of the settlement: its urban organization, the division between public spaces and private spaces, and the extent of Greek influence on these elements.

      Answer to Study Question 2.

    1. The competition for per onal power led them to "rul,e and divide'~

      Answer to Study Question 16. (Greeks).

    2. fortunes of father and son took a turn for the better when their military forces drove from Bactria a renegade named Arsaces, later the founder of the Parthian empire .

      Answer to Study Question 15.

    3. The fo-cus must be on Diodotus I and II, the father and son who dared to break free of the Seleucid empire beginning around 250 B,.c. Through the ex-amination of ancient texts,, archaeological sites; and, most important, the Bactrian coins, the Diododds em.erge from the shadows of Hellenistic his-tory as true heirs of Alexander.

      Answer to Study Question 13. (?)

    4. Quite unlike ou own currency, most ancient coins were carefuUy designed to convey as much contemporary news and propaganda as was po sible.

      Answer to Question 8. I agree.

    5. Little more than a thousand words directly about these kings can still be read in the ancient languages of Europe and Asia

      Answer to Study Question 7.

    6. Clearly, the answer is that the complex story of the anci.ent Bac-trians must be seen in all of its relevant contexts: Persian history, Greek history, Central Asian history, Indian history.

      Answer to Study Question 6.

    7. They had come boldly to a place once fabled in Greek literature as a nev,er-never land untouched by civiliza ion, where savages ate their own parents and the frontier teemed with ghastly creatures.

      Answer to Study Question 4.

    8. myriad of grains, grapes, p·stachios, and other products.

      Answer to Study Question 3.

    9. The moderate climate of Greece contrasted starkly with the arid conditions and extreme temperatures of Bactria.

      Answer to Study Question 2.

    10. Bactria occupied much of mod-ern Afghanistan;. its northern region,. called Sogdiana, covered parts of today's Uzbekistan and Tadjikistan.

      Answer to Study Question 1.

    1. “Rock of Marpesia.”

      Answer to Study Question 32.

    2. in 2006, archaeologists discovered magnificent life- size por-traits of the famous quartet of Amazon queens, Hippolyte, Antiope, Melanippe, and Penthesilea, in a mosaic floor of the ruins of a villa under a parking lot in ancient Edessa (Sanliurfa, Turkey) (plate 1). The action- packed scenes are unusual because they show the queens hunt-ing lions and leopards instead of making war.

      Answer to Study Question 31.

    3. Amazons of Pontus were ruled by a pair of queens named Martesia (Marpesia, “Snatcher or Seizer”) and Lampeto (Lampedo, “Burning Torch”).

      Answer to Study Question 30.

    4. Gynaecocratumenoe (“Ruled by Women”)

      Answer to Study Question 29.

    5. They refused to marry, calling it slavery.

      Answer to Study Question 28. More specifically, refused when it turns out their husbands had been killed.

    6. If you don’t re-turn home we will have sex with the neighboring tribe and the result-ing children will carry on the Scythian race.

      Answer to Study Question 27.

    7. Their decline began when the Greek hero Her-acles killed their queen, Hippolyte.

      Answer to Study Question 26.

    8. This powerful “queen,” declares Diodorus, enacted new laws that created a true gynoc-racy in Pontus, in which the women would always be sovereign and trained for warfare. She assigned men to domestic tasks, spinning wool and caring for children. She ordered that baby boys’ legs were to be maimed and girls would have one breast seared.

      Answer to Study Question 25.

    9. “Daughter of Ares,” the war god.

      Answer to Study Question 24.

    10. She founded Themiscyra at the mouth of the Thermodon in Pontus.

      Answer to Study Question 23. Themiscyra was an area founded by "Daughter of Ares", a woman with authority, intelligence, strength, and battle prowess.

    11. example of Zarina, who led a Saka- Parthian coalition to victories against tribes who wanted to enslave them

      Answer to Study Question 22.

    12. the Thra-cians, “the Scythians led by the Amazons,” and the Persians.

      Answer to Study Question 21.

    13. began with Herodotus (fifth century BC) and continued through the late antique authors Orosius and Jordanes (fifth– sixth centuries AD).

      Answer to Study Question 20.

    14. Arimaspea (a Scythian word meaning something like “people rich in horses”)

      Answer to Study Question 19.

    15. the depiction of shifting environ-ments around the Black Sea for the Amazons’ home bases, strongholds, migrations, and battle campaigns accurately captured the realities of nomadic life.

      Answer to Study Question 18. The very thing they had a problem with was the proof of existence, basically.

    16. influenced by women who shared the same activities as men in the nomadic cultures of Eurasia.

      Answer to Study Question 17.

    17. Male archers and Amazons wearing Scythian- style costumes

      Answer to Study Question 16.

    18. Dar- e Alan, “Gate of the Alans” (Daryal Pass), after one of the nomadic tribes of Scythia. The other difficult and longer passage, some-times called the “Caspian Gates” or the Marpesian Rock

      Answer to Study Question 15.

    19. kur-gans

      Answer to Study Question 14.

    20. the Saka- Scythians, Thracians, Sarmatians, and kindred groups left no written histories.

      Answer to Study Question 13. (False).

    21. The sequence might have gone something like this:

      Answer to Study Question 12. (Below this line).

    22. the idea of “rogue” groups of female roughriders roaming on their own without men— inspired countless “what if ” scenarios

      Answer to Study Question 11.

    23. Self- sufficient women were valued and could achieve high sta-tus and renown. It is easy to see how these commonsense, routine fea-tures of nomad life could lead outsiders like the Greeks— who kept fe-males dependent on males

      Answer to Study Question 10.

    24. No aspect of Scythian culture unsettled the Greeks more than the status of women.

      Answer to Study Question 9.

    25. facilitating exchange between Greece and points along the Silk Routes to Asia.

      Answer to Study Question 8.

    26. artifacts in burials from the Carpathian Mountains to northern China.

      Answer to Study Question 7.

    27. Modern historians and archaeolo-gists use “Scythian” to refer to the vast territory characterized in antiq-uity by the horse-centered nomad warrior lifestyle marked by similar warfare and weapons, artistic motifs, gender relations, burial practices, and other cultural features.

      Answer to Study Question 6.

    28. “The Greeks call them Scythians,” wrote Herodotus; the Persians called them Saka (Chinese names in-cluded Xiongnu, Yuezhi, Xianbei, and Sai).

      Answer to Study Question 5.

    29. For the Greeks, “Scythia” stood for an extensive cultural zone of a great many loosely connected nomadic and seminomadic ethnic and language groups

      Answer to Study Question 4. (False).

    30. griffins.

      Answer to Study Question 3.

    31. Under the influence of intoxicating clouds of burn-ing hemp, they buried dead companions with their favorite horses and fabulous golden treasures under earthen mounds scattered across the featureless steppes

      Answer to Study Question 2.

    32. nourished their babies with mare’s milk.

      Answer to Study Question 1.

    1. A well-formatted and descriptive commit message is very helpful to others for understanding why the change was made, so please take the time to write it.
  29. May 2020
    1. This task disables two-factor authentication (2FA) for all users that have it enabled. This can be useful if GitLab’s config/secrets.yml file has been lost and users are unable to log in, for example.
    1. Make it clear that signing up is optional. Consent must be “freely given”; you may not coerce users into joining your mailing list or make it appear as if joining the list is mandatory. For this reason, you must make it clear that signing up is optional. This is especially relevant in cases where you offer free white-papers (or e-books) for download. While the user’s email address is required for the delivery of the service, signing up for your newsletter is not. In such a case, you must not make it appear as if signing-up to the newsletter list mandatory and must make it clear that it is optional.

      Question (answer below)

      Are they saying that it's not allowed to make signing up for a mailing list a precondition/requirement for anything? This was surprising to me.

      So if you have a newsletter sign-up page that sends a digital bonus gift (like an e-book) to new subscribers, are required to completely change/repurpose your "newsletter sign-up page" into a "download e-book page" (that has an optional checkbox to also sign up for the newsletter, if you want)? That seems dumb to me, since it requires completely reversing the purpose of the page — which was, in my mind, primarily about signing up for the newsletter, with a bonus (an essentially optional one) thrown in for those who do so. Are you required to either repurpose it like that or remove the free bonus offer that would be sent to new subscribers?

      The irony of this is that it requires websites that have a newsletter sign-up page like that to change it into a "newsletter sign-up page" where the newsletter sign-up part is optional. Which make you look kind of stupid, making a page that claims to be one thing but doesn't necessarily do what it says it's for.

      Does this mean, in effect, that you may not lawfully provide any sort of incentive or reward for signing up for something (like a mailing list)? As long as it's very clear that some action is required before delivery of some thing, I don't see why this sort of thing should not be permitted? Would this fall under contract law? And as such, wouldn't such a contract be allowed and valid? Are mailing lists a special class of [service] that has special requirements like this? Or is it part of a broader category to which this requirement applies more generally?

      Why is requiring the user to provide an email address before they can download a digital reward allowed but not requiring signing up to a mailing list? Why isn't it required that even the email address be optional to provide? (To answer my own question, probably because it's allowed to allow a user to request a specific thing to be sent via email, and an email address is required in order to fulfill that request. But...) It seems that the website could just provide a direct link to download it via HTTP/FTP/etc. as an option for users that chose not to provide an email address. (But should they be required to provide that option anytime they / just because they provide the option to have the same thing delivered via email?)

      Answer

      Looks like my question was answered below:

      Explicit Form (where the purpose of the sign-up mechanism is unequivocal). So for example, in a scenario where your site has a pop-up window that invites users to sign up to your newsletter using a clear phrase such as: “Subscribe to our newsletter for access to discount vouchers and product updates!“, the affirmative action that the user performs by typing in their email address would be considered valid consent.

      So the case I described, where it is made very clear that the incentive that is offered is conditional on subscribing, is listed as an exception to the general rule. That's good; it should be allowed.

    1. I appreciate the vigilance, but it would be even better to actually publish a technical reasoning for why do you folks believe Firefox is above the device owner, and the root user, and why there should be no possibility through any means and configuration protections to enable users to run their own code in the release version of Firefox.
  30. Apr 2020
  31. Mar 2020