99 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2019
    1. inally,rhetoricalsituationscomeintoexistence,theneithermatureordecayormatureandpersist-conceivably,somepersistinde£nitely

      Can there be multiple rhetorical acts in one situation? And if a situation dissolves does the rhetoric also?

    2. receivingknowledge

      Receiving know;edge does not always mean agreeing with the knowledge.

    3. perfectio

      Is an exigency or imperfection subjective?

    4. ontrolstherhetoricalresponse

      This is also an issue of power.

    5. nstJ;'Umentofreflection

      I think that this is an important aspect to distinguish here between action and reflection.

  2. Feb 2019
    1. among the natives, to make him+ self fully master of it.

      I think that this is also a form of protection against an enemy.

    2. all the emotions and passions, that belong to all the several tribes:

      The idea of an interchange and commerce.

    3. there is no tone which the ear can distinguish

      Is he reasoning that we can understand another species language but we can always understand tone?

    4. that have no commerce with each other;

      No interchange of language

    5. sweetest music to the ears

      This is interesting too. That our own speech and sounds provides us with a level of comfort.

    6. The organs of hearing in each species, are tuned only to the sounds of their own

      This is a very interesting idea that we can only hear the sounds of our own speech

    7. ur pains ought not to

      "Social communication" seems redundant. Communication itself is a social act.

    8. inguistic anxiety

      Linguistic insecurity is anxiety surrounding the use of one's own language


    9. guides to him

      Interesting that he uses "guides" here instead of "rules."

    10. Gestures

      The nonverbal aspects of public speaking are just as important as the verbal arguments.

    11. ing as a form of conversation

      Also with viewing public speaking as a conversation, there is little room to outline arguments. Your main points will come out differently each time. it is not as mechanical.

    12. Trinity College

      Same School as Gilbert Austin

    1. .eni.c.,e(

      I also viewed this as placing order on the disordered.

    2. of nonverbal communication.

      Watzlawick, Bavelas, and Jackson in "The pragmatics of Human communication lists five axioms. The first axiom is "one cannot not communicate" or that every human behavior is a form of communication. Nonverbal communication is its own discipline in communication studies.

    1. improper than Pri<lc

      Pride is one of the seven deadly sins in Christian Theology

    2. accommodate her audi­ence.

      This idea of audience centeredness is still taught today in the majority of public speaking classes.

    3. primary requirements fur eloquence arc innate

      This is a very interesting idea that one's rhetorical capabilities are innate rather than learned or taught. Do all human beings have this innate capability? And if so, do only some choose to act on this ability?

    4. true and the good

      The Transcendentals: the True, the Good, and the Beautiful. In the Catholic Church, they are what we desire and we strive to be the image and likeness of God.

    5. individualistic, devoid of the community

      Individualism vs. collectivism cultures

    6. one's rational powers

      This reminds me of Aristotle's rational animal and Nicomachean ethics.

    7. inmates

      Almost like a prisoner in a jail

    8. Protestant Nunnery,

      Seems like a negative description

    9. furthering Peter's education,

      Educating a man or a son was much more important than educating a woman or a daughter.

    1. conception

      Is rhetoric classified as a concept?

    2. all five clas�ical canons (invention, arrangement, style, memory. and deli\'· cry),

      The five cannons of rhetoric are still taught today in public speaking courses.

    1. Please my Self, rather than to Please such Crabbed Readers.

      The idea of pleasing one's self over others is still valid today but, we often get lost in our performance for others

    1. Of the Standard of Taste"

      This reminds me of C.S. Lewis "The Taste of the Other" https://www.amazon.com/Taste-Other-Social-Ethical-Thought/dp/1573832685

    2. eloquence is to persuade,

      This wording makes it seem as though persuasion and rhetorical persuasion is a graceful act.

    3. We may ob­serve, that every work of art, in order lo produce its due effect on the mind, must be surveyed in a certain point of view, and cannot be fully relished by persons, whose situation, real or imaginary, is not conformable to that which is required by lhe performance. An orator addresses himself to a particular audience

      Again, there is a theme of performance and the need to please viewers and audiences.

    4. atholic

      catholic vs. Catholic. Big "C"vs little "c" not talking about the Catholic Church

    5. each mind perceives a differentbeauty.

      I believe this goes back to Locke's idea of knowledge and perception.

    6. Even poets and other authors,whose compositions are chiefly calculated toplease the imagination,

      I have never viewed writing as a calculation. This is an interesting idea.

    7. and to be lessin reality than in appearance.

      To me, this goes back to the idea of performance and identity construction.

    1. aqua regia

      mixture of concentrated nitric and hydrochloric acids, usually one part of the former to three parts of the latter by volume. This mixture was given its name (literally, “royal water”) by the alchemists because of its ability to dissolve gold and other so-called noble metals.


    2. moral words

      What does he mean by "moral words"? Are there ethical implications here?

    3. The chief end of language in communication r-o~ being to be understood, words serve not well for ""0.°'-4 that end, neither in civil nor philosophical dis-e4."'L~ course, when any word does not excite in the l,,J/ hearer the same idea which it stands for in the mind of the speaker.

      sender-receiver model of communication.

    4. Secondly, The other for the communicating of our thoughts to others.

      Communication competence

    5. it is necessary first to consider their use and end:

      Is language seen as a means to an end?

    6. Law traces this connection from Locke and shows its implications for rhetoric.

      One element of this is persuasion and argumentation

    7. Language is imperfect,

      When would it ever be perfect? In the following sentence, it seems as though the author is claiming that philosophy is a curative method for language.

    8. deas, says Locke, arc the signs of real things

      Signs Vs. Symbols.

    9. hough not a rhetorical 1hcoris1, John Locke powerfully aflccted the direction of rhetoric, and every other intellectual endeavor a~ well. in the eighteenth century.

      Seems as though the author is justifying Locke's influence and place within rhetoric.

    10. and the pre!.umption lhal direcl knowledge is available through revelation or perception.

      Because it states knowledge is available through perception, do we all having differing knowledge because individuals have their own perceptions? It seems as though individuals can not have a sense of shared knowledge unless we all have the same perceptions.

  3. Jan 2019
    1. n sender/receiver, channel, code, messag

      Berlo's SMCR Model of communication

    2. an effectively hack rhetorical studies. T

      Like the idea of hacking rhetorical studies!

    3. politics is effec-tively to eliminate the possibility of some versions of freedom. Instead, aposthuman politics finds its strategies in transient, emergent coalitionsand in diagramming networks of powe

      How would power be distributed? equally or a winner take all situation? Also, does the definition of power change in this instance?

    4. familiar toolsmight sound strange when they are hooked up to other technologie

      Instead of a tool, could rhetoric ever be seen as a lens in which to view or interpret other technologies?

    5. egime of the real i

      The "regime of the real" makes me to believe that we are seized and dictated by reality. Because we each have our "own reality"in a sense, are we each under different rule or dictatorship?

    6. The machine-beings that emerge from these couplings thus demon-strate a different form of identity, on

      Since these machine-beings have some kind of identity, do these beings still feel the obligation to perform their constructed identities? Again brings me back to Goffman.

    7. nt fear of biological and software infecti

      The fear of infection and death is still present in the post human world.

    1. Kant

      Kant's categorical imperative

    2. Representationalism separates the world into the ontologically disjointdomains of words and things, leaving itself with the dilemma of theirlinkage such that knowledge is possible

      A very clear definition

    3. But representationalism (like “nature itself,” notmerely our representations of it!) has a history.

      Is it our human nature to always perform our identity? can we ever separate ourselves from it?

    4. performativity isactually a contestation of the unexamined habits of mind that grant lan-guage and other forms of representation more power in determining ourontologies than they deserve

      We perform our identity in our mind or in a psychological way before a visual performance in front of or for others.

    5. he belief that grammatical categoriesreflect the underlying structure of the world is a continuing seductivehabit of mind worth questioning.

      I think this also relates back to the idea that we always feel the need to have control and control others. In a sense, I believe grammar gives us that control.

    6. grammar too seriousl

      Have we become a victim of grammar?

    7. How did language come to be more trustworthy than matter?

      I have never thought of the idea of trusting language. What would walter ong think?

    1. y infecting it with theinternally contradictory temporality of commodity fetishism

      The term infection seems to have a negative connotation almost as if to bring ruin.

    2. anxiety takes centre-stage in public deb

      Is anxiety the driving force?

    3. neolo-gisms

      "a new word that is coined especially by a person affected with schizophrenia and is meaningless except to the coiner, and is typically a combination of two existing words or a shortening or distortion of an existing word" This is interesting from a psychology point of view https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/neologism

    4. post-anthropocentris

      "considering human beings as the most significant entity of the universe" https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anthropocentric

    5. capitalism

      Saw the idea of capitalism in Muckelbauer and Hawhee

    6. ‘Man

      Does "image of man" relate back to theological teachings?

    1. epistemological

      relating to the study of the nature, origin, and limits of human knowledge


    2. identification

      can burke"s identification be seen as a rhetorical theory or concept and if so what is the difference?

    3. Augustine's

      Augustine's "Confessions"

    4. nonverbal signs that has enormous power,

      Reminds me of "Pragmatics of Human communication" Jackson, Bavelas, Watzlawick

    5. oligarchies

      "a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes." https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/oligarchy

    6. rhetorical occasion

      I am reminded of Lloyd Bitzer's Rhetorical Situation.

    7. half-truths as a form of propaganda

      I would understand that rhetoric in these instances would be a vice rather than a virtue.

    1. epistolary
    2. objectification of the soul

      can the soul ever become an abstract object? Interesting word choice.

    3. The letter one sends in order to help one’s correspondent —advise him, exhort him, admonish him, console him— constitutes for the writer a kind of training: something like soldiers in peacetime practicing the manual of arms, the opinions that one gives to others in a pressing situation are a way of preparing oneself for a similar eventuality.

      With the advent of social media and digital communication letter writing has become lost. With less letter writing, do think we have lost this type of training?

    4. It is one’s own soul that must be constituted in what one writes; but, just as a man bears his natural resemblance to his ancestors on his face, so it is good that one can perceive the filiation of thoughts that are engraved in his soul.

      One's writings and thoughts depict the true nature of his or her soul

    1. A novel is a medicine bundle, holding things in a particular, powerful relation to one another and to us.

      By using the term "medicine bundle, " can a novel be seen a curative method?

    2. "A story should be seen as a battle," and went on abbut strategies, attacks, victory, etc.) Conflict, competition, stress, struggle,

      A story can be used as a rhetorical weapon.

    1. rituals

      The idea of rituals suggest that the actions were of importance and created shared meaning. Can rituals be rhetorical?

    2. waxedand waned

      Similar to the phases of the moon. Represents time passing.

    1. economics of language

      Could rhetoric also be viewed as a calculus?

    2. If we conceive the world as somehow externally fixed and sanc-tioned, then rhetoric, and by extension the arts, will be derivative and cos-metic, "verbal." If, on the other hand, truth is what the judge and jury, after a suitably dramatic proceeding, decide it is, then rhetoric is architectonic.

      Is Lanham making the distinction between "Truth" and "truth?"

    3. Rhetoric is a cosmetic,

      Does rhetoric serve as a mask or alter the appearance of certain rhetorical artifacts? This also reminds me of Goffman's Presentation of Self in Everyday Life

    4. The We Defense argues that there are two kinds of rhetoric, good and bad. The good kind is used in good causes, the bad kind in bad causes. Our kind is the good kind; the bad kindjs used by our opponents

      Is Lanham suggesting that the "Weak Defense" argues that rhetoricians have an "us" vs. "them" mentality?

    1. Indeed, much of this historyindicates that it is never simply a question of choosing, for instance, the openingof alterity over the crisis of identity

      Muckelbauer is suggesting that there will never be a concrete definition of rhetoric. The ideas of identity and alterity go hand in hand with each other and it can not simply be one or the other.

    2. divergent connections

      Muckelbauer again uses the term "divergent." although here, I believe the author is suggesting that rhetoric can be used as a tool to find similarities between differing subjects or areas.

    3. civic virtue,

      Lanham is his chapter explains that no scholar has been able to prove that rhetoric is virtue compared to a vice. By Muckelbauer only including "civic virtue", I believe he is largely neglecting the idea the rhetoric can be used as a tool for vicious action.

    4. "appearances" and to "seeming"

      Muckelbauer's language use and word choice here is similar to Lanham describing rhetoric as a cosmetic.

    5. intervening in so many disparate "content" areas, this historyalso offers a wealth of divergent structural possibilities for rhetoric.

      Here, is the author suggesting that the different forms or structures of rhetoric compete or can be at odds with each another?