1,426 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2024
  2. Feb 2024
    1. article L.312-17-1 du code de l’éducation, l’égalité entre les hommes et les femmes, la lutte contre les préjugéssexistes et la lutte contre les violences faites aux femmes et les violences commises au sein du couple doivent donner lieu à une information à tous les stades de la scolarité32
  3. Jan 2024
    1. The Boy Who Lived came face to face with Lord Voldemort precisely seven times in the Harry Potter series. This number held a lot of significance throughout the series—there are seven Harry Potter books, Voldemort created seven Horcruxes, a wand costs seven Galleons, and the list goes on and on.

      7 is an important number in HP. Also, just an important number in general. Look at the 7 deadly sins, f.e.

    1. Which is exactly what you do in the book. And what did you find? - So what I do, I take apart the operating system of capitalism, which is, and I look at seven myths, really that drive it.
      • for: book - wealth supremacy - 7 myths, 7 myths of Capitalism, capital bias, definition - capital bias

      • DESCRIPTION: 7 MYTHS of CAPITALISM

        • The Myth of Maximization
          • example of absurdity of maximization
            • Bill Gates had $10 billion. Then he invested it and got $300 billion. There's no limit to how much wealth an individual can accumulate. It is absurd.
        • Myth of the Income Statement
          • Gains to capital called profit is always to be increased and
          • Gains of labor is called an expense, is always to be decreased
        • Myth of Materiality (also called capital bias)
        • definition: capital bias
          • If something impacts capital, it matters
          • If something impacts society or ecology, it doesn't matter
        • With the capital bias, only accumulating more capital matters. NOTHING ELSE MATTERS. This is how most accountants and CFO's view the world.
      • quote: Laura Flanders

        • The capital is what matters. We're aiming for more capital and nothing else really matters. That's the operating system of the economy. So the real world is immaterial to this world of wealth as held in stocks and shares and financial instruments.
  4. Nov 2023
  5. Oct 2023
  6. Sep 2023
  7. Aug 2023
    1. N+7 algorithm used by the Oulipo writers. This algorithm replaces every noun—every person, place, or thing—in Hacking the Academy with the person, place, or thing—mostly things—that comes seven nouns later in the dictionary. The results of N+7 would seem absolutely nonsensical, if not for the disruptive juxtapositions, startling evocations, and unexpected revelations that ruthless application of the algorithm draws out from the original work. Consider the opening substitution of Hacking the Academy, sustained throughout the entire book: every instance of the word academy is literally an accident.

      How might one use quirky algorithms in interestingly destructive or even generative ways to combinatorially create new things?

  8. Jun 2023
  9. May 2023
    1. Asumir ciencia e innovación como pilar de la gestión gubernamental es una decisión bien respaldada en los documentos aprobados en el VI y VII congresos del Partido, con la adopción de los Lineamientos de la Política Económica y Social del Partido y la Revolución y la Conceptualización del Modelo Económico y Social Cubano de Desarrollo Socialista, en cuya aplicación se trabaja (3). Por su parte, en la Constitución de la República(9) se reconoce que "El Estado promueve el avance de la ciencia, la tecnología y la innovación como elementos imprescindibles para el desarrollo económico y social" y "se estimula la investigación científica con un enfoque de desarrollo e innovación, priorizando la dirigida a solucionar los problemas que atañen al interés de la sociedad y al beneficio del pueblo", mientras que el PNDES 2030 establece como uno de sus ejes estratégicos el que se denomina "Potencial humano, ciencia, tecnología e innovación". Tomadas de conjunto, esas formulaciones programáticas suponen una alta valoración del papel que corresponde al conocimiento, la tecnología y la innovación en el modelo de desarrollo económico y social cubano.

      ...

  10. Mar 2023
  11. drive.google.com drive.google.com
    1. '>pat

      吐 to eject (something) from the mouth

    2. mantle

      斗篷 a figurative cloak symbolizing preeminence or authority

    3. batt;.1lion

      營 a military unit composed of a headquarters and two or more companies, batteries, or similar units

    4. flogged

      鞭打 to beat with or as if with a rod or whip

    5. counsel

      協商 guarded thoughts or intentions

    6. gnac,hing

      咬牙切齒 to strike or grind (the teeth) together

    7. leaven

      酵 a substance (such as yeast) used to produce fermentation in dough or a liquid especially

    8. mustard

      芥末 a pungent yellow condiment consisting of the pulverized seeds of various mustard plants (such as Sinapis alba, Brassica juncea, and B. nigra) either dry or made into a paste or sauce (as by mixing with water or vinegar) and sometimes adulterated with other substances (such as turmeric) or mixed with spices

    9. granary

      糧倉 a storehouse for threshed grain

    10. darncl

      幾種通常多雜草的黑麥草(黑麥草屬)中的任何一種 any of several usually weedy ryegrasses (genus Lolium)

    11. parched

      因乾燥而皺縮 to become dry or scorched

    12. thistles

      薊 any of various prickly composite plants (especially genera Carduus, Cirsium, and Onopordum) with often showy heads of mostly tubular flowers

    13. ra\ening

      貪吃 to feed greedily

    14. rend

      撕裂 to perform an act of tearing or splitting

    15. toii

      辛勞 long strenuous fatiguing labor

    16. mammc~n

      財神爺 material wealth or possessions especially as having a debasing influence

    17. sco" I

      皺眉頭 to contract the brow in an expression of displeasure

    18. synagogues

      猶太教堂 the house of worship and communal center of a Jewish congregation

    19. recompense

      補償 to return in kind

    20. porter

      搬運工 a person who carries burdens

    21. harlotry

      淫亂 sexual profligacy

    22. amiss

      通過踩踏來壓碎、傷害或毀壞 to crush, injure, or destroy by or as if by treading

    23. tramp l ed

      通過踩踏來壓碎、傷害或毀壞 to crush, injure, or destroy by or as if by treading

    24. pigeons

      廣泛分佈的鳥類科(鴿科,鴿形目)中的任何一種,具有粗壯的身體、相當短的腿和光滑緊湊的羽毛 any of a widely distributed family (Columbidae, order Columbiformes) of birds with a stout body, rather short legs, and smooth and compact plumage

    25. census

      古羅馬用於人口統計的量詞 a count of the population and a property evaluation in early Rome

    26. decree

      an order usually having the force of law 有法律效力的命令

    27. guile

      詭計 trick

  12. Feb 2023
    1. In light of this confirmation by the data controller that it does not seek to rely on consent in thiscontext, there can be no dispute that, as a matter of fact, Facebook is not relying on consent as thelawful basis for the processing complained of. It has nonetheless been argued on the Complainant’sbehalf that Facebook must rely on consent, and that Facebook led the Complainant to believe thatit was relying on consent

      Here Helen bitchslaps Max by noting that despite what they hope and wish for, FB is relying on contract, and not consent.

    1. Research on the relation between living organism and spatial orientation * Sense of space is not inherent * Humans experience 3D because they have 3 canals in perpendicular planes * Each animals has own surrounding space, creating its inner world in response as well * Recognize space by the mirror object and spatial relations -> constitute different senses of space

    1. Is Muni, is the Sage, the true Recluse! He who to none and nowhere overbound By ties of flesh, takes evil things and good Neither desponding nor exulting, such Bears wisdom’s plainest mark!

      In this excerpt, Krishna is explaining yoga and mindfulness to Arjuna. He describes how the saint, or "Muni", stays awake when the world is asleep, and does not take interest in what the world lives for. "Muni" translates to "the silent one"; someone who can "control and silence their illogical thoughts". (Prasad). By practicing silence, munis are able to reach a higher level of consciousness and more spiritual holiness is achieved.

  13. Jan 2023
  14. Dec 2022
  15. Nov 2022
    1. Victor Margolin's note taking and writing process

      • Collecting materials and bibliographies in files based on categories (for chapters)
      • Reads material, excerpts/note making on 5 x 7" note cards
        • Generally with a title (based on visual in video)
        • excerpts have page number references (much like literature notes, the refinement linking and outlining happens separately later in his mapping and writing processes)
        • filed in a box with tabbed index cards by chapter number with name
        • video indicates that he does write on both sides of cards breaking the usual rule to write only on one side
      • Uses large pad of newsprint (roughly 18" x 24" based on visualization) to map out each chapter in visual form using his cards in a non-linear way. Out of the diagrams and clusters he creates a linear narrative form.
      • Tapes diagrams to wall
      • Writes in text editor on computer as he references the index cards and the visual map.

      "I've developed a way of working to make this huge project of a world history of design manageable."<br /> —Victor Margolin

      Notice here that Victor Margolin doesn't indicate that it was a process that he was taught, but rather "I've developed". Of course he was likely taught or influenced on the method, particularly as a historian, and that what he really means to communicate is that this is how he's evolved that process.

      "I begin with a large amount of information." <br /> —Victor Margolin

      "As I begin to write a story begins to emerge because, in fact, I've already rehearsed this story in several different ways by getting the information for the cards, mapping it out and of course the writing is then the third way of telling the story the one that will ultimately result in the finished chapters."<br /> —Victor Margolin

    1. QuantStudio™ 7 Flex Real-Time PCR System features a decoupled six-by-six-color filter set thatsupports the dyes shown in the following table.

      6-plex assay. Useful for troubleshooting droplet digital PCR assays too?

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  16. Oct 2022
    1. Conversely, even before the mainstream began leeching off alternative cultures, the underground satirically appropriated from the mainstream.

      The mainstream is seen as the standard while the underground is seen as a copy or replica.

    2. Invariably, early expressions of sub- or alternative cultures are the most fertile sampling grounds

      Sometimes art and ideas can be considered as less than what already is accepted, as a result of things becoming more simplified and easier, resulting these neglected or irrelevant ideas one day becoming crucial to the future.

    3. Commercial culture depends on the theft of intellectual property for its livelihood.

      This was a great statement because it sparks curiosity in how the world around us is greatly influenced by the past and this which can result in what can be considered "Theft" and copyright infringement when considering how simple it has become to succeed commercially.

    1. For the second time Goutor mentions using different size cards for different note types, but doesn't specifically advise for it or provide a reason. Perhaps his advice for consistency and card size applies only to cards of particular types? (p28)

      link to: https://hypothes.is/a/XPphjkNZEe2s3i9VV4qt1g


      Incidentally he also specifically mentions 7x9" cards here too. How frequently used were these as a standard?

    2. While he previously recommended using note cards of the same size, the examples in Goutor (1980) have 3x5" cards for bibliographic notes and 5x7" or larger cards for content notes. (p19, 21)


      Is there a reason stated anywhere here for this discrepancy or change? One would ostensibly keep them in different places/sections of one's card index, but does the size difference help to differentiate the two to aid in sorting? Is the larger card intended to hold more long form writing?

      Goutor is in Canada, so were 5x7" cards more common or standardized there in the late 1970s and early 80s?

      A5 measures 148 × 210 millimeters or 5.83 × 8.27 inches, so is a bit larger than 5x7".

      5x7" is a more standard photo size, so was this chosen as the result of storage options from the photography space?

      5x7" is scantly available in America in 2022, but only from Hamilco. A few others make cardstock in that size but not specifically as index cards.

  17. Aug 2022
  18. Jul 2022
    1. Proficiencies

      Do you gain proficiency in more saving throws when multiclassing? A class offers various starting proficiencies that you get if it is your first class. If the class isn’t your first, you get only the starting proficiencies listed for that class in the Multiclassing Proficiencies table (PH, 164). No saving throw proficiencies are included in that table. Regardless of whether a class is your first, you do gain any proficiencies that the class grants through its features. For instance, if you gain a level in cleric and choose the War Domain, you do benefit from the Bonus Proficiencies feature, even if cleric isn’t your first class.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Spellcasting

      When multiclassing, do you get the cantrips from all your classes? If any of your classes grants you cantrips, you get all of them.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    3. Prerequisites

      Would a temporary stat bump fulfill a multiclass prerequisite, or does the base score have to meet the requirement? Your base score, not a temporary score, has to meet a multiclassing prerequisite.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    4. Multiclassing

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      When multiclassing, do you get the cantrips from all your classes? If any of your classes grants you cantrips, you get all of them.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Spellcasting

      When multiclassing, do you get the cantrips from all your classes? If any of your classes grants you cantrips, you get all of them.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Multiclassing

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    3. Prerequisites

      Would a temporary stat bump fulfill a multiclass prerequisite, or does the base score have to meet the requirement? Your base score, not a temporary score, has to meet a multiclassing prerequisite.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    4. Proficiencies

      Do you gain proficiency in more saving throws when multiclassing? A class offers various starting proficiencies that you get if it is your first class. If the class isn’t your first, you get only the starting proficiencies listed for that class in the Multiclassing Proficiencies table (PH, 164). No saving throw proficiencies are included in that table.  Regardless of whether a class is your first, you do gain any proficiencies that the class grants through its features. For instance, if you gain a level in cleric and choose the War Domain, you do benefit from the Bonus Proficiencies feature, even if cleric isn’t your first class.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  19. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Ritual Casting

      For a wizard to cast a ritual spell contained in their spellbook, do they need to read from the book or use it as part of the ritual? No. As written, the rule doesn’t require you to read from the book. The narrative intent, however, is that the wizard is reading from their book, but the only mechanical requirement is that the wizard has the spell in their spellbook.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    3. Portent

      Can a School of Divination wizard on the Ethereal Plane use Portent on a creature that the wizard can see on the Material Plane? Yes. Portent requires you to be able to see the creature, but it has no range restriction.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    4. Minor Conjuration

      Can Minor Conjuration create a copy of a book, complete with all its text, if the wizard hasn’t seen all the text? No. In the case of a multipart object, the intent is that you must have seen all parts of the object to duplicate those parts. In the case of a book, if you have seen only the cover, then the duplicate created will be a copy of the cover, and the pages will be blank.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    5. Shapechanger

      For the Shapechanger feature of the School of Transmutation, does polymorph need to be prepared if I only want to cast it without using a spell slot? A transmuter must have polymorph prepared, as normal, to cast it with the Shapechanger feature.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    6. Illusory Reality

      Does the 14th-level illusionist ability let you make something real every round, or just once? Illusory Reality is intended to make one illusory object real per illusion spell.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    7. Potent Cantrip

      Does the evoker’s Potent Cantrip feature apply to cantrips with attack rolls or only to saves? Potent Cantrip affects only cantrips that require a saving throw, such as acid splash and poison spray.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    8. Arcane Ward

      Is an abjurer’s Arcane Ward healed only when the ward has 0 hit points? The ward regains hit points whenever the abjurer casts an abjuration spell of 1st level or higher, not just when the ward has 0 hit points. As is normal for healing, the ward can’t regain more hit points than its hit point maximum: twice the wizard’s level + the wizard’s Intelligence modifier.

      Does casting alarm as a ritual heal Arcane Ward? Any abjuration spell of 1st level or higher cast by an abjurer, including a ritual, can restore hit points to the abjurer’s Arcane Ward.

      How does Arcane Ward interact with temporary hit points and damage resistance that an abjurer might have? An Arcane Ward is not an extension of the wizard who creates it. It is a magical effect with its own hit points. Any temporary hit points, immunities, or resistances that the wizard has don’t apply to the ward.  The ward takes damage first. Any leftover damage is taken by the wizard and goes through the following game elements in order: (1) any relevant damage immunity, (2) any relevant damage resistance, (3) any temporary hit points, and (4) real hit points.

      An abjurer gains resistance to spell damage at 14th level. Does the abjurer’s Arcane Ward gain this resistance when a spell hits the abjurer? The abjurer, not the Arcane Ward, gains the resistance at 14th level.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  20. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Ritual Casting

      For a wizard to cast a ritual spell contained in their spellbook, do they need to read from the book or use it as part of the ritual? No. As written, the rule doesn’t require you to read from the book. The narrative intent, however, is that the wizard is reading from their book, but the only mechanical requirement is that the wizard has the spell in their spellbook.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    3. Portent

      Can a School of Divination wizard on the Ethereal Plane use Portent on a creature that the wizard can see on the Material Plane? Yes. Portent requires you to be able to see the creature, but it has no range restriction.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    4. Minor Conjuration

      Can Minor Conjuration create a copy of a book, complete with all its text, if the wizard hasn’t seen all the text? No. In the case of a multipart object, the intent is that you must have seen all parts of the object to duplicate those parts. In the case of a book, if you have seen only the cover, then the duplicate created will be a copy of the cover, and the pages will be blank.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    5. Shapechanger

      For the Shapechanger feature of the School of Transmutation, does polymorph need to be prepared if I only want to cast it without using a spell slot? A transmuter must have polymorph prepared, as normal, to cast it with the Shapechanger feature.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    6. Illusory Reality

      Does the 14th-level illusionist ability let you make something real every round, or just once? Illusory Reality is intended to make one illusory object real per illusion spell.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    7. Potent Cantrip

      Does the evoker’s Potent Cantrip feature apply to cantrips with attack rolls or only to saves? Potent Cantrip affects only cantrips that require a saving throw, such as acid splash and poison spray.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    8. Arcane Ward

      Is an abjurer’s Arcane Ward healed only when the ward has 0 hit points? The ward regains hit points whenever the abjurer casts an abjuration spell of 1st level or higher, not just when the ward has 0 hit points. As is normal for healing, the ward can’t regain more hit points than its hit point maximum: twice the wizard’s level + the wizard’s Intelligence modifier.

      Does casting alarm as a ritual heal Arcane Ward? Any abjuration spell of 1st level or higher cast by an abjurer, including a ritual, can restore hit points to the abjurer’s Arcane Ward.

      How does Arcane Ward interact with temporary hit points and damage resistance that an abjurer might have? An Arcane Ward is not an extension of the wizard who creates it. It is a magical effect with its own hit points. Any temporary hit points, immunities, or resistances that the wizard has don’t apply to the ward.  The ward takes damage first. Any leftover damage is taken by the wizard and goes through the following game elements in order: (1) any relevant damage immunity, (2) any relevant damage resistance, (3) any temporary hit points, and (4) real hit points.

      An abjurer gains resistance to spell damage at 14th level. Does the abjurer’s Arcane Ward gain this resistance when a spell hits the abjurer? The abjurer, not the Arcane Ward, gains the resistance at 14th level.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  21. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    3. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    4. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    5. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    6. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    7. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    8. Spellcasting

      Which spell scrolls can bards understand—spells from the bard list only, or spells from the bard list plus spells from Magical Secrets? A bard can use any spell scroll that has a bard spell on it—including spells gained from the Magical Secrets feature, which are treated as bard spells for that character.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    9. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    10. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    11. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    12. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    13. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    14. Ritual Casting

      For a wizard to cast a ritual spell contained in their spellbook, do they need to read from the book or use it as part of the ritual? No. As written, the rule doesn’t require you to read from the book. The narrative intent, however, is that the wizard is reading from their book, but the only mechanical requirement is that the wizard has the spell in their spellbook.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    15. Potent Cantrip

      Does the evoker’s Potent Cantrip feature apply to cantrips with attack rolls or only to saves? Potent Cantrip affects only cantrips that require a saving throw, such as acid splash and poison spray.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    16. One with Shadows

      Does using a bonus action break invisibility from a warlock’s One with Shadows invocation? Taking a bonus action breaks the invisibility of a warlock’s One with Shadows. A bonus action is an action.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    17. Pact of the Blade

      If a warlock uses Pact of the Blade to bond with a magic weapon, does that weapon have to be a melee weapon, and can the warlock change the weapon’s form? The warlock’s Pact of the Blade feature (PH, 107–8) lets you create a melee weapon out of nothing. Whenever you do so, you determine the weapon’s form, choosing from the melee weapon options in the Weapons table in the Player’s Handbook (p. 149). For example, you can create a greataxe, and then use the feature again to create a javelin, which causes the greataxe to disappear.  You can also use Pact of the Blade to bond with a magic weapon, turning it into your pact weapon. This magic weapon doesn’t have to be a melee weapon, so you could use the feature on a +1 longbow, for instance. Once the bond is formed, the magic weapon appears whenever you call your pact weapon to you, and you can’t change the magic weapon’s form when it appears. For example, if you bond with a flame tongue (longsword) and send the weapon to an extradimensional space, the weapon comes back as a longsword when you summon it. You don’t get to turn it into a club. Similarly, if you bond with a dagger of venom, you can’t summon it as a maul; it’s always a dagger. The feature allows the conjuring forth of a melee weapon, yet we allow more versatility when it comes to magic weapons. We didn’t want a narrow focus in this feature to make a warlock unhappy when a variety of magic weapons appear in a campaign. Does this versatility extend outside the melee theme of the feature? It sure does, but we’re willing to occasionally bend a design concept if doing so is likely to increase a player’s happiness.

      If you’re a Pact of the Blade warlock, can someone else wield your pact weapon? Yes. Someone other than the warlock can use a pact weapon before the weapon disappears.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    18. Eyes of the Rune Keeper

      Does the Eyes of the Rune Keeper invocation work on magical runes? Eyes of the Rune Keeper lets you read any form of writing, including the linguistic meaning of a rune, if any.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    19. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    20. Twinned Spell

      Can my sorcerer use Twinned Spell on a spell duplicated by the casting of a wish spell? And if so, how many sorcery points does it cost? Yes, you can. It costs the number of sorcery points appropriate for the level of the spell you’re duplicating.

      Can my sorcerer use Twinned Spell to affect a particular spell? You can use Twinned Spell on a spell that … * targets only one creature * doesn’t have a range of self * is incapable of targeting more than one creature at the spell’s current level

       If you know this rule yet are still unsure whether a particular spell qualifies for Twinned Spell, consult with your DM, who has the final say. If the two of you are curious about our design intent, here is the list of things that disqualify a spell for us: * The spell has a range of self. * The spell can target an object. * The spell allows you to choose more than one creature to be affected by it, particularly at the level you’re casting the spell. Some spells increase their number of potential targets when you cast them at a higher level.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    21. Quickened Spell

      Does Quickened Spell allow a sorcerer to cast two spells a round of 1st level or higher? No, the sorcerer must follow the rule for casting a spell as a bonus action and casting another spell on the same turn; the other spell must be a cantrip with a casting time of 1 action.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    22. Empowered Spell

      Can Empowered Spell affect all the rays of a scorching ray spell, or just one? A sorcerer’s Empowered Spell could affect more than one ray of a scorching ray, abiding by the feature’s die limit. For instance, if you create three rays with the spell and you have a +3 Charisma modifier, you could reroll one of the damage dice for each ray, or two of the damage dice for one ray and one of the damage dice for another one.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    23. Elemental Affinity

      Elemental Affinity improves one damage roll of a spell, not multiple rolls? So with scorching ray, I don’t add my Charisma modifier to each ray that hits? That’s correct. Elemental Affinity benefits one damage roll per casting of a spell, even if the spell allows more than one roll. So, for example, the feature improves one of the rays of a scorching ray spell or one of the beams of an eldritch blast spell.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    24. Metamagic

      Metamagic rules state you can’t use multiple Metamagic options on a single spell. Can you use one option multiple times? A sorcerer can use one Metamagic option once in the casting of a spell, not the same option more than once. For instance, a sorcerer can’t quadruple the duration of a spell by spending 2 sorcery points on Extended Spell.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    25. Subtle Spell

      If a sorcerer casts a spell with only verbal or somatic components using Subtle Spell, can an opponent use counterspell against it? If a spell that’s altered by Subtle Spell has no material component, then it’s impossible for anyone to perceive the spell being cast. So, since you can’t see the casting, counterspell is of no use.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

  22. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. One with Shadows

      Does using a bonus action break invisibility from a warlock’s One with Shadows invocation? Taking a bonus action breaks the invisibility of a warlock’s One with Shadows. A bonus action is an action.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    3. Awakened Mind

      Does the warlock’s Awakened Mind feature allow two-way telepathic communication? The feature is intended to provide one-way communication. The warlock can use the feature to speak telepathically to a creature, but the feature doesn’t give that creature the ability to telepathically reply. In contrast, the telepathy ability that some monsters have (MM, 9) does make two-way communication possible.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    4. Pact of the Blade

      If a warlock uses Pact of the Blade to bond with a magic weapon, does that weapon have to be a melee weapon, and can the warlock change the weapon’s form? The warlock’s Pact of the Blade feature (PH, 107–8) lets you create a melee weapon out of nothing. Whenever you do so, you determine the weapon’s form, choosing from the melee weapon options in the Weapons table in the Player’s Handbook (p. 149). For example, you can create a greataxe, and then use the feature again to create a javelin, which causes the greataxe to disappear.  You can also use Pact of the Blade to bond with a magic weapon, turning it into your pact weapon. This magic weapon doesn’t have to be a melee weapon, so you could use the feature on a +1 longbow, for instance. Once the bond is formed, the magic weapon appears whenever you call your pact weapon to you, and you can’t change the magic weapon’s form when it appears. For example, if you bond with a flame tongue (longsword) and send the weapon to an extradimensional space, the weapon comes back as a longsword when you summon it. You don’t get to turn it into a club. Similarly, if you bond with a dagger of venom, you can’t summon it as a maul; it’s always a dagger. The feature allows the conjuring forth of a melee weapon, yet we allow more versatility when it comes to magic weapons. We didn’t want a narrow focus in this feature to make a warlock unhappy when a variety of magic weapons appear in a campaign. Does this versatility extend outside the melee theme of the feature? It sure does, but we’re willing to occasionally bend a design concept if doing so is likely to increase a player’s happiness.

      If you’re a Pact of the Blade warlock, can someone else wield your pact weapon? Yes. Someone other than the warlock can use a pact weapon before the weapon disappears.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    5. Eyes of the Rune Keeper

      Does the Eyes of the Rune Keeper invocation work on magical runes? Eyes of the Rune Keeper lets you read any form of writing, including the linguistic meaning of a rune, if any.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    6. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    7. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    8. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

  23. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. One with Shadows

      Does using a bonus action break invisibility from a warlock’s One with Shadows invocation? Taking a bonus action breaks the invisibility of a warlock’s One with Shadows. A bonus action is an action.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    3. Awakened Mind

      Does the warlock’s Awakened Mind feature allow two-way telepathic communication? The feature is intended to provide one-way communication. The warlock can use the feature to speak telepathically to a creature, but the feature doesn’t give that creature the ability to telepathically reply. In contrast, the telepathy ability that some monsters have (MM, 9) does make two-way communication possible.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    4. Pact of the Blade

      If a warlock uses Pact of the Blade to bond with a magic weapon, does that weapon have to be a melee weapon, and can the warlock change the weapon’s form? The warlock’s Pact of the Blade feature (PH, 107–8) lets you create a melee weapon out of nothing. Whenever you do so, you determine the weapon’s form, choosing from the melee weapon options in the Weapons table in the Player’s Handbook (p. 149). For example, you can create a greataxe, and then use the feature again to create a javelin, which causes the greataxe to disappear.  You can also use Pact of the Blade to bond with a magic weapon, turning it into your pact weapon. This magic weapon doesn’t have to be a melee weapon, so you could use the feature on a +1 longbow, for instance. Once the bond is formed, the magic weapon appears whenever you call your pact weapon to you, and you can’t change the magic weapon’s form when it appears. For example, if you bond with a flame tongue (longsword) and send the weapon to an extradimensional space, the weapon comes back as a longsword when you summon it. You don’t get to turn it into a club. Similarly, if you bond with a dagger of venom, you can’t summon it as a maul; it’s always a dagger. The feature allows the conjuring forth of a melee weapon, yet we allow more versatility when it comes to magic weapons. We didn’t want a narrow focus in this feature to make a warlock unhappy when a variety of magic weapons appear in a campaign. Does this versatility extend outside the melee theme of the feature? It sure does, but we’re willing to occasionally bend a design concept if doing so is likely to increase a player’s happiness.

      If you’re a Pact of the Blade warlock, can someone else wield your pact weapon? Yes. Someone other than the warlock can use a pact weapon before the weapon disappears.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    5. Eyes of the Rune Keeper

      Does the Eyes of the Rune Keeper invocation work on magical runes? Eyes of the Rune Keeper lets you read any form of writing, including the linguistic meaning of a rune, if any.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    6. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    7. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    8. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    9. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    10. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    11. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    12. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    13. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    14. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Twinned Spell

      Can my sorcerer use Twinned Spell on a spell duplicated by the casting of a wish spell? And if so, how many sorcery points does it cost? Yes, you can. It costs the number of sorcery points appropriate for the level of the spell you’re duplicating.

      Can my sorcerer use Twinned Spell to affect a particular spell? You can use Twinned Spell on a spell that … * targets only one creature * doesn’t have a range of self * is incapable of targeting more than one creature at the spell’s current level

       If you know this rule yet are still unsure whether a particular spell qualifies for Twinned Spell, consult with your DM, who has the final say. If the two of you are curious about our design intent, here is the list of things that disqualify a spell for us: * The spell has a range of self. * The spell can target an object. * The spell allows you to choose more than one creature to be affected by it, particularly at the level you’re casting the spell. Some spells increase their number of potential targets when you cast them at a higher level.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    3. Wild Magic Surge

      Does a sorcerer’s Wild Magic Surge effect replace the effect of the spell that triggered it, or do both effects happen? The spell and the Wild Magic Surge effect both happen. As clarified in the errata for the Player’s Handbook, a surge effect that normally requires concentration does not require concentration in this case.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    4. Quickened Spell

      Does Quickened Spell allow a sorcerer to cast two spells a round of 1st level or higher? No, the sorcerer must follow the rule for casting a spell as a bonus action and casting another spell on the same turn; the other spell must be a cantrip with a casting time of 1 action.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    5. Empowered Spell

      Can Empowered Spell affect all the rays of a scorching ray spell, or just one? A sorcerer’s Empowered Spell could affect more than one ray of a scorching ray, abiding by the feature’s die limit. For instance, if you create three rays with the spell and you have a +3 Charisma modifier, you could reroll one of the damage dice for each ray, or two of the damage dice for one ray and one of the damage dice for another one.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    6. Elemental Affinity

      Elemental Affinity improves one damage roll of a spell, not multiple rolls? So with scorching ray, I don’t add my Charisma modifier to each ray that hits? That’s correct. Elemental Affinity benefits one damage roll per casting of a spell, even if the spell allows more than one roll. So, for example, the feature improves one of the rays of a scorching ray spell or one of the beams of an eldritch blast spell.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    7. Metamagic

      Metamagic rules state you can’t use multiple Metamagic options on a single spell. Can you use one option multiple times? A sorcerer can use one Metamagic option once in the casting of a spell, not the same option more than once. For instance, a sorcerer can’t quadruple the duration of a spell by spending 2 sorcery points on Extended Spell.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Twinned Spell

      Can my sorcerer use Twinned Spell on a spell duplicated by the casting of a wish spell? And if so, how many sorcery points does it cost? Yes, you can. It costs the number of sorcery points appropriate for the level of the spell you’re duplicating.

      Can my sorcerer use Twinned Spell to affect a particular spell? You can use Twinned Spell on a spell that … * targets only one creature * doesn’t have a range of self * is incapable of targeting more than one creature at the spell’s current level

       If you know this rule yet are still unsure whether a particular spell qualifies for Twinned Spell, consult with your DM, who has the final say. If the two of you are curious about our design intent, here is the list of things that disqualify a spell for us: * The spell has a range of self. * The spell can target an object. * The spell allows you to choose more than one creature to be affected by it, particularly at the level you’re casting the spell. Some spells increase their number of potential targets when you cast them at a higher level.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    3. Wild Magic Surge

      Does a sorcerer’s Wild Magic Surge effect replace the effect of the spell that triggered it, or do both effects happen? The spell and the Wild Magic Surge effect both happen. As clarified in the errata for the Player’s Handbook, a surge effect that normally requires concentration does not require concentration in this case.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    4. Quickened Spell

      Does Quickened Spell allow a sorcerer to cast two spells a round of 1st level or higher? No, the sorcerer must follow the rule for casting a spell as a bonus action and casting another spell on the same turn; the other spell must be a cantrip with a casting time of 1 action.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    5. Empowered Spell

      Can Empowered Spell affect all the rays of a scorching ray spell, or just one? A sorcerer’s Empowered Spell could affect more than one ray of a scorching ray, abiding by the feature’s die limit. For instance, if you create three rays with the spell and you have a +3 Charisma modifier, you could reroll one of the damage dice for each ray, or two of the damage dice for one ray and one of the damage dice for another one.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    6. Elemental Affinity

      Elemental Affinity improves one damage roll of a spell, not multiple rolls? So with scorching ray, I don’t add my Charisma modifier to each ray that hits? That’s correct. Elemental Affinity benefits one damage roll per casting of a spell, even if the spell allows more than one roll. So, for example, the feature improves one of the rays of a scorching ray spell or one of the beams of an eldritch blast spell.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    7. Metamagic

      Metamagic rules state you can’t use multiple Metamagic options on a single spell. Can you use one option multiple times? A sorcerer can use one Metamagic option once in the casting of a spell, not the same option more than once. For instance, a sorcerer can’t quadruple the duration of a spell by spending 2 sorcery points on Extended Spell.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    8. Subtle Spell

      If a sorcerer casts a spell with only verbal or somatic components using Subtle Spell, can an opponent use counterspell against it? If a spell that’s altered by Subtle Spell has no material component, then it’s impossible for anyone to perceive the spell being cast. So, since you can’t see the casting, counterspell is of no use.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

  24. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Reliable Talent

      Can the rogue’s Reliable Talent feature be used in conjunction with Remarkable Athlete or Jack of All Trades? No. Each of these features has a precondition for its use; Reliable Talent activates when you make an ability check that uses your proficiency bonus, whereas the other two features activate when you make an ability check that doesn’t use your proficiency bonus. In other words, a check that qualifies for Reliable Talent doesn’t qualify for Remarkable Athlete or Jack of All Trades. And Remarkable Athlete and Jack of All Trades don’t work with each other, since you can add your proficiency bonus, or any portion thereof, only once to a roll.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  25. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  26. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  27. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  28. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  29. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  30. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Spellcasting

      Which spell scrolls can bards understand—spells from the bard list only, or spells from the bard list plus spells from Magical Secrets? A bard can use any spell scroll that has a bard spell on it—including spells gained from the Magical Secrets feature, which are treated as bard spells for that character.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  31. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Dueling

      Is the Dueling fighting style intended to support a shield? Yes. A character with the Dueling option usually pairs a one-handed weapon with a shield, a spellcasting focus, or a free hand.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  32. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  33. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  34. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  35. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  36. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  37. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  38. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  39. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Extra Attack

      When you use Extra Attack, do you have to use the same weapon for all the attacks? Extra Attack imposes no limitation on what you use for the attacks. You can use regular weapons, improvised weapons, unarmed strikes, or a combination of these options for the attacks.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Spell-Storing Item

      Which action is used to activate a Spell-Storing Item? Activating a Spell-Storing Item uses the Use an Object action.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    3. Flash of Genius

      What is the timing of Flash of Genius? You use Flash of Genius immediately after the triggering d20 is rolled and before any of the effects of the roll are applied. Unless a rule tells you otherwise, a reaction occurs immediately after its trigger.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    4. Infuse Item

      Can an artificer dismiss one of their infusions on an object early? No. An infusion lasts until one of the circumstances described in the “Infusing an Item” section of the Infuse Item feature.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    5. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Ability Score Improvement

      Are ability score improvements class-level dependent, rather than total level? Ability score improvements are based on your level in a particular class, not your total character level if you multiclass. For instance, if you’re a 4th-level multiclass character, you haven’t yet received the Ability Score Improvement feature because you haven’t attained 4th level in one of your classes.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Shield Master

      If you attack with a shield—most likely as an improvised weapon—do you keep the +2 bonus to AC? Attacking with a shield doesn’t deprive you of the shield’s bonus to AC.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Shields.

      If you attack with a shield—most likely as an improvised weapon—do you keep the +2 bonus to AC? Attacking with a shield doesn’t deprive you of the shield’s bonus to AC.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Heavy Armor.

      Does heavy armor reduce Dexterity saving throws or ability checks other than Stealth? If you have proficiency with it, heavy armor doesn’t affect Dexterity saving throws or ability checks, other than Stealth.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Shields.

      If you attack with a shield—most likely as an improvised weapon—do you keep the +2 bonus to AC? Attacking with a shield doesn’t deprive you of the shield’s bonus to AC.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    2. Heavy Armor.

      Does heavy armor reduce Dexterity saving throws or ability checks other than Stealth? If you have proficiency with it, heavy armor doesn’t affect Dexterity saving throws or ability checks, other than Stealth.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Backgrounds

      Can you have more than one background? No. You can have only one background. It establishes key aspects of your life before you embarked on a life of adventure. If none of the backgrounds available matches your character concept, talk with your DM and use the guidelines on page 125 of the Player’s Handbook to customize your own background.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Backgrounds

      Can you have more than one background? No. You can have only one background. It establishes key aspects of your life before you embarked on a life of adventure. If none of the backgrounds available matches your character concept, talk with your DM and use the guidelines on page 125 of the Player’s Handbook to customize your own background.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

    1. Backgrounds

      Can you have more than one background? No. You can have only one background. It establishes key aspects of your life before you embarked on a life of adventure. If none of the backgrounds available matches your character concept, talk with your DM and use the guidelines on page 125 of the Player’s Handbook to customize your own background.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021

  40. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

  41. www.dndbeyond.com www.dndbeyond.com
    1. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    2. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    1. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    2. Expanded Spell List

      Do warlock spells granted by the Expanded Spell List feature count against the number of spells known? The spells granted by that feature aren’t automatically known by a warlock. Those spells are added to the warlock spell list for the character, who can choose them when learning a new warlock spell of the appropriate level. Once learned, such a spell does count against the number of spells the warlock knows.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    1. You can't cast another spell during the same turn, except for a cantrip with a casting time of 1 action.

      Does Quickened Spell allow a sorcerer to cast two spells a round of 1st level or higher? No, the sorcerer must follow the rule for casting a spell as a bonus action and casting another spell on the same turn; the other spell must be a cantrip with a casting time of 1 action.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    1. You can’t cast another spell during the same turn, except for a cantrip with a casting time of 1 action.

      Does Quickened Spell allow a sorcerer to cast two spells a round of 1st level or higher? No, the sorcerer must follow the rule for casting a spell as a bonus action and casting another spell on the same turn; the other spell must be a cantrip with a casting time of 1 action.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    1. Scorching Ray

      Can Empowered Spell affect all the rays of a scorching ray spell, or just one? A sorcerer’s Empowered Spell could affect more than one ray of a scorching ray, abiding by the feature’s die limit. For instance, if you create three rays with the spell and you have a +3 Charisma modifier, you could reroll one of the damage dice for each ray, or two of the damage dice for one ray and one of the damage dice for another one.

      Sage Advice Compendium v2.7 r2021

    2. Scorching Ray

      Elemental Affinity improves one damage roll of a spell, not multiple rolls? So with scorching ray, I don’t add my Charisma modifier to each ray that hits? That’s correct. Elemental Affinity benefits one damage roll per casting of a spell, even if the spell allows more than one roll. So, for example, the feature improves one of the rays of a scorching ray spell or one of the beams of an eldritch blast spell.

      Sage Advice Compendium, v2.7 r2021