27 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2023
    1. It consists of two key components: The ‘Declarative Processing Environment’, which allows processes to be assembled goal-driven from a pool of process building blocks and the ‘Autopoietic Framework’ that mimics natural organisms to adapt to environmental changes, new capabilities and new technology.
  2. Dec 2022
    1. In other words, the dog-object is defined by its interactions (or its quality in Pirsig's perspective) within the environmental network and how well it expresses its dogginess.

      Tak ada asu kecuali konstruksi semantik yang muncul dari jejak histori interaksi sesuasu dengan kahanan di sekitarnya dan seberapa asu sesuasu itu mengekspresikan keasuannya,

    1. In its original form Freud’s psychoanalysis was based on the representation of psychical states of patients through two groups of questions: (a) about recollections from childhood;(b) about sexual experiences.Later Freud was criticized for his attempt to reduce the psychical state to the a,b<math><mi is="true">a</mi><mtext is="true">,</mtext><mi is="true">b</mi></math>-domains. He was especially strongly critisized for overestimating the role of sexual experiences in childhood. From our point of view Freud’s approach might be considered as the basis for creation of a quantum-like representation based on the reference observables a and b. Of course, a mental ψ<math><mi is="true">ψ</mi></math>-function based on observables a and b gives a very rough representation of the underlying mental context of a patient, but nevetheless it could be used to proceed mathematically.

      this is an example of mathematically correct yet rough representation of the underlying mental context of a human condition.

    1. The concept of a knowledge vacuum refers to an organizational condition in which the pushing force of innovation and the pulling force of organizational inertia both at the structural and behavioral levels such as political pressure, pro-innovation bias, and employee frustration, interact to create a negative spiral that hampers organizational and policy learning.

      coupling and decoupling or learning dynamic of innovation

    2. a knowledge vacuum, which is an organizational condition in which excessive exploration and organizational inertia interact to create a vicious cycle of low performance.
    1. We repeat this procedure 10,000 times. The value of 10,000 was selected because 9604 is the minimum size of samples required to estimate an error of 1 % with 95 % confidence [this is according to a conservative method; other methods also require <10,000 samples size (Newcombe 1998)]
    1. In this work, we develop the “Multi-Agent, Multi-Attitude” (MAMA) model which incorporates several key factors of attitude diffusion: (1) multiple, interacting attitudes; (2) social influence between individuals; and (3) media influence. All three components have strong support from the social science community.

      several key factors of attitude diffusion: 1. multiple, interacting attitudes 2. social influence between individuals 3. media influence

    1. Tension management approaches and capabilities – definitions and key references.

      Tension management scope: spatial separation, temporal separation, integration, analytical capability, executional capability, emotional capability, relational capability, balancing capability

    1. Ultimately, after identifying some critical aspects of the doctrines of common goods, I will try to examine the possibility to guarantee all people the fundamental right to access to food by using the “public utilities made available by the local government”. Otherwise, if we let the laws of the market be the ones that can guarantee food, we risk legitimizing a “juridical paradox” that the constitutional order (at least the Italian one) by no means can tolerate.

      Juridical perspective to verify the possibility to consider food as a common good. Being said that Italian constitutional doctrine has not covered this particular aspect. Bringing up the very common, yet taken for granted, concept of 'private' and 'public provided by the constitution into consideration.

  3. Nov 2022
    1. In an Open Science context,  “infrastructure” -- the "structures and facilities" -- refers to the scholarly communication resources and services, including software, that we depend upon to enable the scientific and scholarly community to collect, store, organise, access, share, and assess research.
    1. The “linguistic turn” in the social sciences focused on the socially constructed nature of “reality” (Berger & Luckmann 1979). With this turn, the focus was on the role of language as both describing and construing our understanding of what takes place in society. This means that we cannot assume that language (such as it is produced, for instance, in policy documents, legislation, parliamentary debates, interviews, etc.) merely describes reality; it also construes the ways in which we understand and conceptualise that (social) reality. Another implication of the linguistic turn in the social sciences is that policy texts cannot and should not be dismissed as “mere rhetoric”, with little to do with “real policy” (Saarinen 2008).
    1. For whom do we make knowledge and why? This question could not be timelier as humanists and administrators seek to make disciplines appear more relevant to students, applicable to social problems, and attendant to political, social, and economic exigencies” (2019, p. 351)
    1. While digitization has made scholars from various disciplines interested in howarchives shape an interdisciplinary field there is still a lack of agreement on whatcounts as an archive/digital archive.

      Archives digitization shape interdisciplinary field. Yet researcher tend to work with their own definition of what archive is.

    1. When we are collecting new data to address a research question addressed in another context, it can be near impossible to re-create ex-act contexts with participants; researchers simply do not have that sort of control over any research context. This suggests that reproduction, rather than replication, may be a more useful goal.

      reproduction rather than replication may be a more useful goal for research work setting.

    1. Groethe-Hammer, Michael. 2022. The Communicative Constitution of The World: A Luhmannian View on Communication, Organizations, and Society in The Routledge Handbook of The Communicative Constitution of Organization.

    1. Models, Simulations, and The Reduction of Complexity

    2. Modern science is, to a large extent, a model-building activity. In the natural and engineering sciences as well as in the social sciences, models are constructed, tested and revised, they are compared with other models, applied, interpreted and sometimes rejected or replaced by a better model.
    1. Retribusi Pelayanan Kepelabuhanan 3.610.000.000 3.622.960.500

      Realisasi retribusi pelayanan kepelabuhanan DKP Jawa Tengah periode 1 Januari - 31 Agustus 2021 telah melampaui target.

    2. Retribusi Pemberian Izin KegiatanUsaha Penangkapan Ikan3.500.000.000 2.198.323.300

      Realisasi retribusi Pemberian Izin Kegiatan Usaha Penangkapan Ikan DKP Jawa Tengah periode 1 Januari - 31 Agustus 2021 baru mencapai 62,81 %. Hal ini wajar mengingat pelaksanaan kegiatan berjalan di pertengahan tahun anggaran. Meski demikian, pendapatan retribusi pemberian perizinan usaha penangkapan ikan di Jawa Tengah masih dapat ditingkatkan dengan mengoptimalkan pelayanan di sentra-sentra nelayan. Potensi pendapatan retribusi perizinan usaha dilakukan dengan menyasar pelaku usaha perikanan yang memiliki kapal perikanan 10 - 30 GT sesuai kewenangan Provinsi.

    1. there is no such thing as algorithms without their own weight

      political dimension of algorithms

    2. Automated personalization, localization, recommendation, f iltering, classif ication, evaluation, aggregation, synthetization, or ad hoc generation of information are similarly pervasive practices that do not require explicit user input to select, sequence, arrange, or modulate some set of digital items
    3. Search has become a dominant means to access and order the masses of digital and dataf ied bits and pieces that clutter the environments we inhabit.
    4. There are at least three remarkable aspects to this spread of information seeking

      First, computer-supported searching has sprawled beyond the libraries, archives, and specialized documentation systems it was largely confined to before the arrival of the web. Second, what retrieval operates on – information – has come to stand for almost anything, from scraps of knowledge to things, people, ideas, or experiences. Third, the deliberate and motivated act of formulating a query to f ind something is only one of the many forms in which information retrieval nowadays manifests itself.

    5. Weaver distinguishes ‘three levels of communication problems’, beginning with the technical problem (A), which is concerned with the f idelity of symbol transmission and thus the level where Shannon’s mathematical def inition and measure of information are situated. But Weaver then also postulates a semantic problem (B) that refers to the transmission of meaning and an ef fectiveness problem (C) that asks

      Three levels of communication problems: technical problem, semantic problem, and effectiveness problem. (Shannon and Weaver. 1964. A Mathematical Theory of Communication)