1,677 Matching Annotations
  1. May 2024
    1. Coogan, Michael David, Marc Zvi Brettler, Carol Ann Newsom, and Pheme Perkins, eds. The New Oxford Annotated Bible: New Revised Standard Version with Apocrypha, An Ecumenical Study Bible. Fully Revised Fourth. 1962. Reprint, New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

      Annotations URL: urn:x-pdf:d8e0b658bbb0af5343bfb78eec4546f9

      Alternate annotations view: https://jonudell.info/h/facet/?user=chrisaldrich&max=100&exactTagSearch=true&expanded=true&url=urn%3Ax-pdf%3Ad8e0b658bbb0af5343bfb78eec4546f9

  2. Apr 2024
    1. I had the advantage, early in my career, of starting making music without any experience,

      for - key insight - not knowing - advantages - quote - Rick Ruben - quote - advantages of having no references

      quote - advantages of having no references - (see below)

      • I had the advantage,
        • early in my career,
      • of starting making music without any experience,
      • which was helpful, because
        • I didn't know what rules I was breaking.
      • And so it wasn't intentional breaking of rules.
        • I just did what seemed right to me,
        • but I didn't realize that I was doing things that other people wouldn't do.
    1. 1. J. Monod, Ann. Inst. Pasteur (Paris) 79, 390 (1950).

      Nobel Prize laureate Monod proposed the Monod equation to model the growth of microorganisms. The equation is dependent mainly upon an organism's maximum growth rate and the concentration of a limiting substrate.

      To find a microorganism's growth rate, the term for the limiting substrate needs to be constant, which led to the development of the chemostat.

    2. 12. H. H. Topiwala, C. Hamer, Biotechnol. Bioeng. 13, 919 (1971).

      Topiwala and Hamer developed a mathematical model to determine factors that disrupt a bioreactor’s optimal function. Their model describes bacterial growth in a liquid culture when an additional culture forms along the bioreactor walls. They found that wall growth expands the operational range of the liquid culture within the bioreactor, delaying washout until a significantly higher dilution rate is reached.

    3. 17. M. B. Elowitz, S. Leibler, Nature 403, 335 (2000). 18. M. R. Atkinson, M. A. Savageau, J. T. Myers, A. J. Ninfa, Cell 113, 597 (2003).

      Elowitz et al. and Atkinson et al. both developed oscillators using synthetic gene networks. To create an oscillatory gene circuit, they utilized two types of genes: activators and repressors. By engineering gene circuits with activators and repressors, they generated systems with oscillatory gene expression.

    4. 15. L. You, R. S. Cox III, R. Weiss, F. H. Arnold, Nature 428, 868 (2004).

      You et al. successfully demonstrated and described a genetic circuit to consistently regulate communication and cell death in E. Coli. This circumvents differences the bacteria can exhibit though mutations, which would lead to further differences within a population. This genetic circuit was used in the experiment described in Figure 3.

    1. Solan, Matthew. “Tracking Down Typewriters: Those Trusty Tools of Days Gone By.” Poets & Writers Magazine, August 19, 2009. p 31-33.

    1. Simões, Luciana G., Rita Peyroteo-Stjerna, Grégor Marchand, Carolina Bernhardsson, Amélie Vialet, Darshan Chetty, Erkin Alaçamlı, et al. “Genomic Ancestry and Social Dynamics of the Last Hunter-Gatherers of Atlantic France.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 121, no. 10 (March 5, 2024): e2310545121. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2310545121.

      saw via article:<br /> Europe's last hunter-gatherers avoided inbreeding by [[Dario Radley]]

    1. Mueller, Hans-Friedrich. The Pagan World: Ancient Religions Before Christianity (Course Guide). 1st ed. The Great Courses: History - Civilization and Culture 2852. Chantilly, VA: The Teaching Company, 2020. https://www.amazon.com/Pagan-World-Ancient-Religions-Christianity/dp/B084YV1YYT/.<br /> @Mueller2020a

      and the Streaming video version (Hoopla):<br /> Pagan World: Ancient Religions before Christianity. Streaming Video. The Great Courses. Chantilly, VA, 2020. https://www.hoopladigital.com/television/pagan-world-ancient-religions-before-christianity-hans-friedrich-mueller/14601704.<br /> @Mueller2020

    1. Worth, Robert F. “Clash of the Patriarchs.” The Atlantic, April 10, 2024. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2024/05/russia-ukraine-orthodox-christian-church-bartholomew-kirill/677837/.

      A fantastic overview of the history, recent changes and a potential schism in the Orthodox Church with respect to the Russia/Ukraine conflict.

    1. Rundell, Katherine. Super-Infinite: The Transformations of John Donne. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2022.

    1. Eliot, George. Middlemarch. Edited by Bert G. Hornback. 2nd ed. Norton Critical Editions. 1874. Reprint, New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1999.

  3. Mar 2024
    1. AU references are indicated by the word " See," " See also,"" compare," etc. preceding the term to which reference is made.
    2. It is the object of crossreferences to bring these materials together again when required.

      Cross references in Kaiser's card system are broadly similar to links from one item to another as a means of helping to associate them or "bringing these materials together again when required."

    1. J. Jia, M. Pollock, Muscle Nerve 22, 1644–1652 (1999).

      This article details the impressive contrast between repetitive cooling and heating versus constant cooling of the peripheral nerve. The authors compare A-fibers, C-fibers, nerve blood flow, and morphology, and demonstrated that cold nerve injury is enhanced by intermittent cooling in comparison to continuous cooling.

    1. 7. A. Zanzottoet al., Biotechnol. Bioeng. 87, 243 (2004).

      Zanzotto et al. developed a microscopic bioreactor with a gas permeable membrane for carrying out bacterial fermentation. Their device mirrors the functionality of larger bioreactors and as an early showcase of bioreactor miniaturization.

    2. 16. M. B. Miller, B. L. Bassler, Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 55, 165 (2001).

      Miller and Bassler described quorum sensing in bacteria and other microorganisms to coordinate activity. The key takeaway of the paper is quorum sensing is dependent upon population density to regulate gene expression.

    3. 11. J. W. Costerton, Z. Lewandowski, D. E. Caldwell, D. R.Korber, H. M. Lappinscott, Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 49, 711 (1995).

      Costerton et al. provided a detailed description of microbial biofilms through their own experiments and observations. They have found biofilms can form in any sufficient aquatic environments and have distinct properties compared to free-floating bacteria of the same species.

      The last point poses a problem, since the study of a strain of bacteria can be influenced by the bacteria in biofilms.

    4. 13. D.H.Larsen, R.L.Dimmick, J. Bacteriol. 88, 1380 (1964).

      The Larsen's and Dimmick's experiments determined the existence biofilms in early chemostats through observing microbial populations with different parameters, such as temperature, dilution rate, and different species of bacteria.

      Their paper was published in the 1960s, in which the chemostats of the time were larger, made from glass, and had macro-scale elements, such as vaccine stoppers or separate inlets for bacterial cultures. One conclusion reached is the presence of biofilms increase with a smaller chemostat.

    1. Cahoone, Lawrence. The Modern Intellectual Tradition: From Descartes to Derrida - Course Guidebook. The Great Courses 4790. Chantilly, VA: The Teaching Company, 2010. https://www.thegreatcourses.com/courses/modern-intellectual-tradition-from-descartes-to-derrida.

      Cahoone, Lawrence. The Modern Intellectual Tradition: From Descartes to Derrida. Audible Audio Edition. The Great Courses 4790. Chantilly, VA: The Teaching Company, 2013. https://www.amazon.com/Modern-Intellectual-Tradition-Descartes-Derrida/dp/B00DTO5BTO.

      Annotation URL: urn:x-pdf:92bff7dc89e6440afc484388b7b72d79

      alternate version: https://jonudell.info/h/facet/?user=chrisaldrich&max=100&exactTagSearch=true&expanded=true&url=urn%3Ax-pdf%3A92bff7dc89e6440afc484388b7b72d79



  4. Feb 2024
    1. S.-W. Hwang et al., Science 337, 1640–1644 (2012).

      In this article, Hwang et al., describes a complete set of tools and materials needed to create medical implants using silicon based transient electronics.

    2. S.-K. Kang et al., Nature 530, 71–76 (2016).

      Kang et al., reports on a biocompatible, bioresorbable, and implantable silicon electronic sensor for the brain that naturally resorbs via hydrolysis and/or metabolic action.

    3. K. Yu, X. Niu, B. He, Adv. Funct.  Mater. 30, 1908999 (2020).

      This article provides a brief overview of the neuropathic pain and pharmacological routines for treatment, summarizes both the invasive and noninvasive neuromodulation modalities for pain management, and highlights an emerging brain stimulation technology, transcranial focused ultrasound (tFUS).

    4. S. B. Rutkove, Muscle Nerve 24, 867–882 (2001)

      This article analyzes the effects of extreme temperature on permanent neuronal dysfunction. The primary goal of their research is to review these temperature changes in electrophysiologic parameters.

    5. D. M. Ackermann, E. L. Foldes, N. Bhadra, K. L. Kilgore, J. Neurosci. Methods 193,72–76 (2010).

      This article explores the combination of nerve cooling and inhibition or interruption of electrical signals along nerve fibers (electrical block) using high frequency alternating currents.

    6. J. Koo et al., Nat. Med. 24, 1830–1836 (2018)

      Koo et al. introduces a bioresorbable and biocompatible platform for wireless, programmable, electrical peripheral nerve stimulation.

    7. J. M. Hah, B. T. Bateman, J. Ratliff, C. Curtin, E. Sun, Anesth.Analg. 125, 1733–1740 (2017).

      Hah et al. describes the popularity, risks, and adverse effects of opioids prescribed after surgery. They also analyze different methods for post-surgery pain relief.

    8. R. Janssen, Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 16, 399–413 (1992).

      Janssen investigates the rate of temperature change, sites of cooling, stimulation and recording, stimulus characteristics, and fundamental differences in temperature sensitivities of different neural tissue.

    1. Discards

      Baker, Nicholson. “Discards.” In The Size of Thoughts: Essays and Other Lumber, by Nicholson Baker, 1st ed. Vintage Contemporaries. 1994. Reprint, Vintage, 1997. https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/books/7554/the-size-of-thoughts-by-nicholson-baker/.

      Originally published in Baker, Nicholson. “Discards.” The New Yorker, April 4, 1994. p. 64. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1994/04/04/discards

      2024-02-14 Moving over some notes and quick reread.

    2. Baker, Nicholson. The Size of Thoughts: Essays and Other Lumber. First edition. Vintage, 1997. https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/books/7554/the-size-of-thoughts-by-nicholson-baker/.



    1. 2. A. Novick, L. Szilard, Science 112, 715 (1950).

      Novick and Szilard developed the first chemostat. This allowed them and other researchers to study the metabolism, regulatory processes, adaptations, and mutations of bacteria / microorganisms.


      Aristotle. Hutchins, Robert M., and Mortimer J. Adler, eds. “Metaphysics (Metaphysica).” In The Works of Aristotle, Volume I, 1st ed., 8:495–626. Great Books of the Western World. Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 1952.

    2. Aristotle. The Works of Aristotle, Volume I. Edited by Robert M. Hutchins and Mortimer J. Adler. 1st ed. Vol. 8. 54 vols. Great Books of the Western World. Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 1952.

      (Annotations in 1984, 27th Printing, though notes made on 1952 first edition)



  5. Jan 2024
    1. Doto, Bob. “What Do We Mean When We Say ‘Bottom-Up?’” Writing by Bob Doto (blog), January 25, 2024. https://writing.bobdoto.computer/what-do-we-mean-when-we-say-bottom-up/.

  6. Dec 2023
      • for: climate crisis - multiple dimensions, polycrisis - multiple dimensions, climate crisis - good references, polycrisis - good references, polycrisis - comprehensive map, power to the people, climate change - politics, climate crisis - politics

      • comment / summary

        • The content on this website may be what some call "doomers" that support a narrative of unavoidable catastrophe and civilization collapse
        • The author does an excellent job of drawing together many scientifically validated research papers and news media stories on various crisis and integrates them together to support his narrative.
        • As the author states, it is still incomplete but it is comprehensive and detailed enough to use as a starting foundation to build a complex polycrisis map upon. becaues it shows the complexities of the interwoven nexus of problems we face and the massive network of feedbacks between them that makes solving any one of them alone in isolation an impossibility
        • The Cascade Institute focuses on social tipping points, complexity and polycrisis. We could synthesis a number of tools to map out and reveal effective mitigation strategies including:
          • Cascade Institute tools
          • Social tipping point tools
          • SRG mapping tool along with Indyweb / Indranet
          • Culture hacking tools
          • SIMPOL strategy
          • Downscaled Earth System Boundary tools
          • SRG Deep Humanity BEing journey tools
          • James Hansen's recommendation that the biggest leverage point is new form of governance
            • We need to rapidly emerge a new global third political party that does not take money from special interest groups
          • Progressive International comes to the same conclusion as James Hansen, that the key leverage point for rapid whole system change is radically new governance that puts power back to the hands of the people - power to the people
          • SONEC's
          • Indyweb's people-centered, interpersonal methodology is a perfect match for SONEC circle-within-circles fractal structure
            • mention to @Gyuri
            • I've seen this circle-within-circle fractal, holonic group idea with Tim's software as well as Roberto's
        • Feebate from local governance groups (from another Doomer site - Arctic Emergency)
        • What the author's narrative shows is
          • how precarious our situation is
          • how many trends are getting far worse in the immediate future
          • how we are already undercapacitated to deal with existing crisis so how will we deal with new ones that are exponentially worse?
          • all these crisis will impact our supply chains. Why are these important? Our reliance on technology is dangerous and makes us very vulnerable
          • Think of your laptop, cellphone or other electronic device that relies on a vast, complex and globally operational internet. Imagine that tidal surges wipes out the globally critical data centers located in New York. Or imagine electronic factories in China and Taiwan are wiped out due to extreme weather. How will you get or fix a broken piece of electronic equipment? We rely on each millions of specialized jobs all working smoothly in order for our laptop to continue working and communicating with each other.
      • epiphany

      • recommendation for new Indyweb / Indranet tools
        • independent time and date stamp tool for every online, virtual sentence we write so we recognize in a long composition when we inserted a new idea
        • ability to trace rapid trains of thought to reveal how new insights emerge from within our consciousness
      • While writing this, I just recalled that we should have a way to time and date stamp every single virtual online action, like in this annotation because recall happens so nonlinearly and we won't have a hope to trace and trailmark without it. Hypothesis doesn't have time and date stamps of every sentence available to the user. So we don't know what nonlinear memory recall led to a specific sentence in an annotation. We need some independent Indyweb / Indranet tool that will do this universally. Trains of thoughts are so fragile we can forget the quick cascades very easily.
    1. Kasparyan has left us a colossal legacy, not only as a composer, but also as an anthologist. Between 1963 and 1980, he published five thematically classified anthologies, which constitute an invaluable resource for students of the  endgame study. But of all his books, perhaps the one to seek out first is his anthology Zamechatelnye etyudy (1982). It is the best, that is to say, the most useful and enjoyable, large-scale general anthology ever to have appeared."
    1. It Took Decades To Create This Chess Puzzle Database (30 Thousand), 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y9craX0M_2A.

      A chess School named after Genrikh Kasparyan (alternately Henrik Kasparian) houses his card index of chess puzzles with over 30,000 cards.

      The cards are stored in stacked wooden trays in a two door cabinet with 4 shelves.

      There are at least 23 small wooden trays of cards pictured in the video, though there are possibly many more. (Possibly as many as about 35 based on the layout of the cabinet and those easily visible.)

      Kasparyan's son Sergei donated the card index to the chess school.

      Each index card in the collection, filed in portrait orientation, begins with the name of the puzzle composer, lists its first publication, has a chess board diagram with the pieces arranges, and beneath that the solution of the puzzle. The cards are arranged alphabetically by the name of the puzzle composer.

      The individual puzzle diagrams appear to have been done with a stamp of the board done in light blue ink with darker blue (or purple?) and red inked stamped pieces arranged on top of it.

      u/ManuelRodriguez331 in r/Zettelkasten - Chess players are memorizing games with index cards

    1. Untangling Threads by Erin Kissane on 2023-12-21

      This immediately brings up the questions of how the following - founder effects and being overwhelmed by the scale of an eternal September - communism of community interactions being subverted bent for the purposes of (surveillance) capitalism (see @Graeber2011, Debt)

    1. Jogerst, Karen. If I Could Just Get Organized: Home Management Hope for Pilers & Filers. Manhattan, MT: Rubies Publishing, 1999. http://archive.org/details/ificouldjustgeto0000joge.

      The author is a "piler" and patently not a "filer", so she's definitely going to be anti-card index based here.

      Small publishing company. Definite religious slant to the discussion.

      Only worth a quick scan.

    1. Shannon, Claude E., Norbert Wiener, Frances A. Yates, Gregory Bateson, Michel Foucault, Friedrich. A. Hayek, Walter Benjamin, et al. Information: A Reader. Edited by Eric Hayot, Lea Pao, and Anatoly Detwyler. New York: Columbia University Press, 2021. https://doi.org/10.7312/hayo18620.

      Annotation URL: urn:x-pdf:d987e346ec524f00d3c201c5055bf12e


      Noticing after starting to read that this chapter is an abridged excerpt of the original, so I'm switching to the original 1945 version.

      See: https://hypothes.is/a/dZRmapquEe66Ehf7Emie3Q


      Hayek, Friedrich A. “The Use of Knowledge in Society.” In Information: A Reader, edited by Eric Hayot, Lea Pao, and Anatoly Detwyler. 1945. Reprint, New York: Columbia University Press, 2021. https://doi.org/10.7312/hayo18620.

      This paper was selected as one of the top 20 articles published in The American Economic Review during its first 100 years. In this paper Hayek poses the fundamental question of the nature of the economic system. He is especially concerned in its role in dealing with resource allocation when knowledge is distributed in small bits among a large population. —Fermats Library editors (email) https://fermatslibrary.com/s/the-use-of-knowledge-in-society

    1. Hayek, Friedrich A. “The Use of Knowledge in Society.” The American Economic Review 35, no. 4 (1945): 519–30.

      See also, notes at abbreviated version in Information: A Reader (2021). (@Shannon2021)


    1. How Should OneRead a Book

      Woolf, Virginia. “How Should One Read a Book?” In Gateway to the Great Books: 5 Critical Essays, edited by Robert M. Hutchins, Mortimer J. Adler, and Clifton Fadiman, 2nd ed., 5–14. Gateway to the Great Books 5. 1932. Reprint, Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 1990.

      Originally:<br /> “How Should One Read a Book?” from The Second Common Reader by Virginia Woolf. Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., 1932.



    1. Febvre, Lucien, and Henri-Jean Martin. The Coming of the Book: The Impact of Printing 1450-1800. Edited by Geoffrey Nowell-Smith and David Wootton. Translated by David Gerard. 1st ed. Foundations of History Library. 1958. Reprint, London: N.L.B., 1976.

    1. https://www.atomicworkflows.com/atomic-note-taking/

      A new zettelkasten book, though oddly no physical copy and no ebook version? The fact that this is bundled with a course and seems priced on the high side seems a major turn off.

  7. Nov 2023
    1. Empire Podcast: Lenin and The Rise of the Bolsheviks

      ᔥu/atomicnotes in Who uses a card index? Top historians, that's who at r/Zettelkasten

      At the start of a recent episode of the Empire Podcast (the one on the Bolshevik Revolution), historian William Dalrymple reveals that when he began to write his first history book, The White Moghul, he had no idea how to do it, so he called the eminent historian Antony Bevor, who invited him round for a lesson in using his own method - a card index. Dalrymple says he's been using a card index ever since.

      Then the podcast co-host, Anita Anand says she learned this approach from William and she too has been using it ever since.

      By my rough calculation, the card index lesson would have taken place about 1998-2000, so Antony Bevor probably used index cards to write his great books on Crete in WW2 and on the Battle of Stalingrad, among many others.

      So that's three highly successful popular historians using a card index to research and write significant and best-selling non-fiction books.

    1. Fig. 2.9 Operation of a reservoir monitored using summation curves.#

      Reference needed?

    2. Fig. 2.8 Summation curve of inflow, also known as the Rippl diagram.#

      Reference needed?

    3. Fig. 2.5 Characteristics of a reservoir with a dam.#

      Reference needed?

    1. Fig. 2.3 Fluxes and storages of the water balance between different subareas. Fluxes are given as circles, storage components as boxes.#


    1. Fig. 2.2 Size and distribution of annual average precipitation and evaporation (worldwide).

      Same holds here

    2. Schematization of the hydrological cycle on the land surface.#

      Own figure? Necessary to add reference?

    1. Grabe, Mark. “Student and Professional Note-Taking.” Substack newsletter. Mark’s Substack (blog), November 10, 2023. https://markgrabe.substack.com/p/student-and-professional-note-taking?publication_id=1857743&utm_campaign=email-post-title&r=77i35.

      Educator Mark Grabe looks at some different forms of note taking with respect to learning compared lightly with note taking for productivity or knowledge management purposes.

      Note taking for: - learning / sensemaking - personal knowledge management - productivity / projects - thesis creation/writing/other creative output (music, dance, etc.)

      Not taken into account here is the diversity of cognitive abilities, extent of practice (those who've practiced at note taking for longer are likely to be better at it), or even neurodiversity, which becomes an additional layer (potentially noise) on top of the research methodologies.

    1. For drinking water and industrial water supply, about 1,100 million m³/year of groundwater is extracted. However, such extraction has consequences. Groundwater levels can drop, and the direction of groundwater flow can change. Since groundwater plays a significant ecological role, these effects are unwanted. Hydrological research, however, has shown that only about 25% of these drying-out issues can be attributed to withdrawals for drinking water supply. The majority of the problems are caused by drainage for agriculture, polder water management, and lowering due to urbanization

      Needs references!

    1. Arendt, Hannah. “Hannah Arendt Papers, 1898-2006.” Mixed material. Library of Congress. Manuscript Division, Washington, D.C., 2006. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/eadmss.ms001004.

    1. (zenon_de_citium_fragments_1973?).

      Référence manquante

    2. (aristophane_birds_1994?)

      Référence manquante

    3. (walker_first_2018?

      La référence est manquante ici.

    4. Vitali-Rosati, Marcello, et Marcello Vitali-Rosat

      Il faudrait corriger cette référence en bibliographie.

    5. (aristophanes_aristophanes_1907?)

      La référence semble absente de la bibliographie.

    1. Malm, Andreas. How to Blow Up a Pipeline. Verso Books, 2021. https://www.versobooks.com/products/2649-how-to-blow-up-a-pipeline.

      Aram Zucker-Scharff indicated that this was one of his favorite books on the climate crisis and has interesting consequences for both individual and group action. He said it might make an interesting pairing with Palo Alto (@Malcolm2023).

      It came up as we were talking about the ideas of climate crisis in the overlap of The Monkey Wrench Gang.

      Might also be interesting with respect to @Hoffer2002 [1951].

    1. Malcolm, Harris. Palo Alto: A History of California, Capitalism, and the World. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 2023. https://www.hachettebookgroup.com/titles/malcolm-harris/palo-alto/9780316592031/.

      Recommended by Aram Zucker-Scharff to potentially be read with respect to How to Blow up a Pipeline.

    1. How to Apply the SAMR Model with Ruben Puentedura, 2016. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQTx2UQQvbU.


      Enhancement:<br /> - Substitution: Tech acts as a direct tool substitute with no functional improvement - Augmentation: Tech acts as a direct tool substitute with functional improvement

      Transformation - Modification: Tech allows for significant task redesign - Redefinition: Tech allows for the creation of new tasks, previously inconceivable

    1. St. James, Elaine. “Replacing Day Planner With Index Cards.” Los Angeles Times, June 8, 1998, sec. Business. https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1998-jun-08-he-57703-story.html.

      Apparently even with growing ubiquity of computers in 1998 and in a pre-internet era, syndicated (Universal Press Syndicate) productivity expert Elaine St. James suggested the use of index cards as a means of simplifying one's life, especially as compared with big and bulky planners and notebooks which predominated the timeperiod.

      Notice that she specifically doesn't suggest "going back" to using index cards in the piece. Apparently the idea of that within the zeitgeist had been lost by this time.

    1. 25Hypertext Avant La LettrePeter Krapp

      Krapp, Peter. “Hypertext Avant La Lettre.” In New Media, Old Media: A History and Theory Reader, edited by Wendy Hui Kyong Chun and Thomas W. Keenan, 1st ed., 432–51. New York: Routledge, 2006.

      Samizdat copy available at: https://www.krapp.org/pdf/hypertextavant.pdf.



  8. Oct 2023
    1. Morgan, Robert R. “Opinion | Hard-Pressed Teachers Don’t Have a Choice on Multiple Choice.” The New York Times, October 22, 1988, sec. Opinion. https://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/22/opinion/l-hard-pressed-teachers-don-t-have-a-choice-on-multiple-choice-563988.html.

      https://web.archive.org/web/20150525091818/https://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/22/opinion/l-hard-pressed-teachers-don-t-have-a-choice-on-multiple-choice-563988.html. Internet Archive.

      Example of a teacher pressed into multiple-choice tests for evaluation for time constraints on grading.

      He falls prey to the teacher's guilt of feeling they need to grade every single essay written. This may be possible at the higher paid levels of university teaching with incredibly low student to teacher ratios, but not at the mass production level of public education.

      While we'd like to have education match the mass production assembly lines of the industrial revolution, this is sadly nowhere near the case with current technology. Why fall prey to the logical trap?

    1. Barzun, Jacques. “Opinion | Multiple Choice Flunks Out.” The New York Times, October 11, 1988, sec. Opinion. https://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/11/opinion/multiple-choice-flunks-out.html.

      Archived copy at https://web.archive.org/web/20231022192353/https://www.nytimes.com/1988/10/11/opinion/multiple-choice-flunks-out.html. Internet Archive.

      Barzun takes standardized multiple-choice tests to task.

      A version of this article appears in Barzun's book: Barzun, Jacques. Begin Here: The Forgotten Conditions of Teaching and Learning. University of Chicago Press, 1991. http://archive.org/details/begin-here-the-forgotten-conditions-of-teaching-and-learning.