96 Matching Annotations
  1. Dec 2023
    1. Kairotic Flow focuses not on problems or solutions, but on responding as wisely as possible to continually changing life conditions.
      • for: terminology - problems - solutions

      • terminology: problems - solutions

        • the two ways of speaking seem equivalent to me.
  2. Oct 2023
    1. we: (1) Introduce a more inclusive set of terminology to improve future discourse on major transitions (Figure 1), and (2) explore how major ecosystem transitions arise within broad frameworks
      • for: MET, METs, METs - more inclusive terminology

      • paraphrase

        • the authors
          • Introduce a more inclusive set of terminology to improve future discourse on major transitions, and
          • explore how major ecosystem transitions arise within broad frameworks that can include
            • multiple Fusions and Information Leaps,
            • morphological innovations,
            • catalytic actors and events, and
            • variation in the selective processes involved.
  3. Jun 2023
    1. I think that alphabet is still the right word here, as it’s sort of the "term of art" for this sort of thing, although set is probably a good name as well.
  4. Mar 2023
    1. centripetal

      wouldn't this be centrifugal? later in the paragraph, the insides are discussed as positive, so, we are seeking to overcome centrifugal forces? The ones pulling us out?

    2. Surprisingly often, protocols herd collective problem-solving behaviors away from tragedies of commons into regimes of serendipity.

      see commons notes above

      also reminds me of this incredible presentation from Tony Hsieh talking about potential for serendipity in the context of cities in this video

      Related to ideas of 'surface area of luck', for which I've struggled to find an exact source. - Sari Azout talks about surface area of luck - Dror Poleg talks about Mathematical surface area here - Also used in this Multidimensional Citations paper

    3. “wicked.

      Quick search says

      The concept of "wicked" problems originated from design theorist Horst Rittel and professor of design methodology Melvin Webber in 1973[1]. They introduced the term to describe complex and challenging problems that are difficult or impossible to solve due to incomplete, contradictory, and changing information[2][3]. Rittel described ten characteristics of wicked problems in his paper "Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning"[2]. — source Perplexity

      Personal origin point for this: Exploring the Problem Space by Entelect Report

  5. Feb 2023
  6. Nov 2022
  7. Aug 2022
    1. To avoid confusion and ensure communication is efficient, we will use the following terms exclusively when discussing work items.
  8. Jul 2022
    1. The main things that make Termoloator different are: our particular chunking method for selecting potentential terms (other systems use single words, n-grams or standard noun groups); and our reranking (or filtering methods). Thus Termolator combines the advantages of knowledge-based and statistical techniques to produce superior results.

      why it is better.

  9. Dec 2021
    1. rationalcontractions

      morphisms + small modifications (rational maps that are isomorphic in co-d1)



  10. Oct 2021
  11. Sep 2021
    1. One complicating issue when trying to make sense across multiple communities is that not only do different communities have different cultures and practices, but also different epistemologies: different languages to describe their community and the soci(et)al context it operates in, with often different meanings attached to the terminologies used.
  12. Aug 2021
    1. Rubyists don't call these things annotations. One of the things I like doing is to find common techniques that cross languages, for me this is a common technique and 'annotation' seems like a good generic word for it. I don't know if Rubyists will agree.
  13. Jun 2021
  14. May 2021
    1. Such variable pairs are known as complementary variables or canonically conjugate variables
  15. Apr 2021
    1. During development, we are constantly trying new and diverse game mechanics. The game's rules can change hour to hour as we test which ideas work best. Rules start out as just ideas and we record which ideas work and which ones don't. This forms the first development ruleset which is essentially a change log that notes why ideas do or don't. As the rules are consolidated, there are rarely any pictures to indicate what a rule is referring to,  since prototype art is also changing constantly. Terminology can also change section to section as we explore what wording works best. This makes the development rules impossible to understand for anyone other than the development team.
  16. Mar 2021
    1. An equation is any expression with an equals sign, so your example is by definition an equation. Equations appear frequently in mathematics because mathematicians love to use equal signs. A formula is a set of instructions for creating a desired result. Non-mathematical examples include such things as chemical formulas (two H and one O make H2O), or the formula for Coca-Cola (which is just a list of ingredients). You can argue that these examples are not equations, in the sense that hydrogen and oxygen are not "equal" to water, yet you can use them to make water.
  17. Feb 2021
    1. Technical authors still also use the uncapitalized form in singular and plural (internets) forms to describe the interconnection of multiple individual networks.
  18. Nov 2020
    1. will only apply up the chain

      Should this "up the chain" be "down the chain"?

      In terms of a tree, I think of the caller/consumer/thing that imports this file as "up" and the things that I call/import as "down".

      That is more consistent with a tree, but not a stack trace (or any stack), I suppose, which has most recently called thing at the top ("up"), and the consumer of that at the bottom ("down").

  19. Oct 2020
    1. Retagging the HTML/CSS questions to use html-heading seems the right thing to do. For the other uses, I don't have enough grounding in the geographic area to know whether the direction and bearing are replacements for heading. But the tag information for heading should be created and should firmly point at the other tags — at least until it is expunged.
    1. In agent-oriented programming the antonym is depender, though in general usage the common term dependent is used instead. There is no common language equivalent for dependee', however – other metaphors are used instead, such as parent/child. The circumlocutions “A depends on B” and “B is depended on by A” are much more common in general use than “A is the depender, B is the ' dependee ”.
    1. In the context of software engineering, I've always used "dependent" and "dependee".
    2. There are contradicting definitions: "dependence: one that is relied on", "dependency: something that is dependent on something else", "dependent: one that is dependent" which also says "archaic : DEPENDENCY" which is certainly the inverse of what is usually meant in technology... is it more correct to install the "dependences"? (wiktionary gives it as the plural)
    3. In the software industry we use "dependency" to refer to the relationship between two objects. We say "looking for dependents" for relationships to dependent things and "looking for dependencies" for relationships to prerequisite things, so it gets that connotation, but the literal meaning is the relationship itself, not the object. Finding a better word is exactly the point of the question
    4. I think it is still problematic since many people in the software industry use and understand "dependency" to mean the thing on which something depends (as indicated by this and other answers). So saying "being a dependency" indicates to those people the thing on which something depends, which is the opposite of the way I think of it (and what it means according to the dictionary).
    5. If you really mean "the thing depended upon", then Mr Disappointment's answer (dependency) is correct. If you mean the thing that depends on the dependency, then "dependent" ("dependant
    1. There may be times that required owned elements are missing, for example, while editing or while loading a data set. When a widget is missing required owned elements due to script execution or loading, authors MUST mark a containing element with aria-busy equal to true. For example, until a page is fully initialized and complete, an author could mark the document element as busy.

      "busy" here seems to = "loading" in most other programming contexts

    1. Longstanding controversy surrounds the meaning of the term "hacker". In this controversy, computer programmers reclaim the term hacker, arguing that it refers simply to someone with an advanced understanding of computers and computer networks[5] and that cracker is the more appropriate term for those who break into computers, whether computer criminals (black hats) or computer security experts (white hats).
  20. developer.mozilla.org developer.mozilla.org
    1. Many DOM elements can be set up to accept (or "listen" for) these events, and execute code in response to process (or "handle") them. Event-handlers are usually connected (or "attached") to various HTML elements (such as <button>, <div>, <span>, etc.)
    1. I don't understand the need for the name "Open–closed principle". It doesn't seem meaningful or clear to me.

      Can't we just call it "extensibility" or "easily extendable"? Doesn't "extensibility" already imply that we are extending it (adding new code on top of it, to interoperate with it) rather than modifying its source code?

    1. State changes flow from the roots of this graph (which we call atoms) through pure functions (which we call selectors) and into components.
    1. The misspelling of referrer originated in the original proposal by computer scientist Phillip Hallam-Baker to incorporate the field into the HTTP specification.[4] The misspelling was set in stone by the time of its incorporation into the Request for Comments standards document RFC 1945; document co-author Roy Fielding has remarked that neither "referrer" nor the misspelling "referer" were recognized by the standard Unix spell checker of the period.
  21. Sep 2020
    1. Western culture, the subject of this essay, is a phrase worth thinking about. West of what? West of who?

      So in art history, when we talk about Western art or Western culture, we're not talking about country Western, as in cowboys, rodeos, and cattle. Here is a definition that helps:

      "Western arts" as defined by Britanicca.com:

      Western arts, the literary, performing, and visual arts of Europe and regions that share a European cultural tradition, including the United States and Canada.

    1. the initials, A.D., stand for Anno Domini, which is Latin for “In the year of our Lord.”

      How many of you thought A.D. stood for "after death," as in after the death of Christ? It's a common misconception.

      A.D. = In the year of our Lord

    2. B.C. refers to “Before Christ,”

      How many of you already knew this?

  22. Aug 2020
  23. Jul 2020
    1. Also, since MS uses Canary/Dev/Beta, Beta has a concrete meaning and using that name to describe Dev would be misleading at best.
    1. The term "modal" is sometimes used to mean "dialog", but this is a misnomer. A modal window describes parts of a UI. An element is considered modal if it blocks interaction with the rest of the application.
  24. Jun 2020
    1. In systems engineering and requirements engineering, a non-functional requirement (NFR) is a requirement that specifies criteria that can be used to judge the operation of a system, rather than specific behaviors. They are contrasted with functional requirements that define specific behavior or functions

      This is a strange term because one might read "non-functional" and interpret in the sense of the word that means "does not function", when instead the intended sense is "not related to function". Seems like a somewhat unfortunate name for this concept. A less ambiguous term could have been picked instead, but I don't know what that would be.

  25. May 2020
    1. Also known as "serverless", "client-side", or "static" web apps, unhosted web apps do not send your user data to their server. Either you connect your own server at runtime, or your data stays within the browser.

      serverless has another meaning (that does actually use a server) so I prefer the term "unhosted" since it has no such ambiguity.

      See also:

    1. The Rn value, or normalized reporter value, is the fluorescent signal from SYBR Green normalized to (divided by) the signal of the passive reference dye for a given reaction. The delta Rn value is the Rn value of an experimental reaction minus the Rn value of the baseline signal generated by the instrument. This parameter reliably calculates the magnitude of the specific signal generated from a given set of PCR conditions
  26. Apr 2020
    1. I am increasingly concerned when I hear my colleagues refer to themselves with computer metaphors—“I don’t have the bandwidth,” “I have to boot up,” or “I need to recharge.”
    1. man

      Throughout the source Locke uses man and men. Due to the context of the time period, I am interpreting this terminology as referring to mostly white men, rather than humans as a whole. I'm thinking that he is not writing this to include all classes, races, or genders.

  27. Oct 2019
    1. I'd say that "dump" in the CS sense, both as noun and verb, is merely another application of its preexisting meanings even without the vulgar one, particularly the ones related to unloading/releasing contents. (For example, "dump truck".)
    2. For some geeky reason, the computer programming world has long maintained a tradition of using words in new ways, with a studied obliviousness to their prior, rude meanings: for example, 'dump'. 'Falsey' is merely another word in this long, and quite useful, tradition.
  28. Sep 2019
    1. “Hitting the wall” is a term that is being increasingly used to describe women who have reached an age where men no longer find them sexually attractive.

      "The wall" is a persistent meme in right wing male circles, but it seems to me like a paltry consolation for undesirable guys (MGTOW) to delude themselves. If the wall is real, who is maintaining it and for what purpose? Even grannies can find men to keep them company. They just don't want the kind of man who would want their wrinkly asses.

  29. Nov 2018
    1. Creating KGs is not trivial.

      This applies to universal KG in particular. Domain specific KGs can have any level of complexity - can they still be called knowledge graphs then?



  30. Oct 2018
    1. One obvious question is what people mean by “political correctness.” In the extended interviews and focus groups, participants made clear that they were concerned about their day-to-day ability to express themselves: They worry that a lack of familiarity with a topic, or an unthinking word choice, could lead to serious social sanctions for them. But since the survey question did not define political correctness for respondents, we cannot be sure what, exactly, the 80 percent of Americans who regard it as a problem have in mind.
    2. It seems like everyday you wake up something has changed … Do you say Jew? Or Jewish? Is it a black guy? African-American? … You are on your toes because you never know what to say. So political correctness in that sense is scary.
  31. Dec 2017
  32. Nov 2017
    1. Heteroscedasticity

      Heteroscedasticity is a hard word to pronounce, but it doesn't need to be a difficult concept to understand. Put simply, heteroscedasticity (also spelled heteroskedasticity) refers to the circumstance in which the variability of a variable is unequal across the range of values of a second variable that predicts it.

  33. Apr 2017
    1. usage of this term has changed over time; we need to operationally define it for the purposes of our article or perhaps even for research support/data services

  34. Mar 2017
    1. Eskimo

      The word Eskimo has historically been used to refer to the native peoples of Alaska and other Arctic regions, including Siberia, Canada, and Greenland. It comes from a Central Algonquian language called Ojibwe, a language still spoken around the Great Lakes region on both sides of the U.S.- Canadian border. However, the word has a controversial history. People in many parts of the Arctic consider Eskimo a derogatory term because it was widely used by racist, non-native colonizers. Many thought that it meant eater of raw meat, which implied barbarism and violence. In America the word is still commonly used in Alaska while in Canada and Greenland using the word is offensive and racist. Canadians and Greenlanders prefer to use other terms. Aboriginal refers to the first inhabitants of Canada, including First Nations, Inuit, and Métis. First Nation is a term used to describe Aboriginal peoples who are neither Métis nor Inuit. First Nation came to common usage in the 1970s and ‘80s to replace the term Indian. Inuit refers to the people generally living in the far north who are not considered “Indians” under Canadian law. Inuit means people and is the most commonly used. The singular, which means “person,” is Inuk. The term Métis refers to a collective of cultures and ethnic identities that resulted from unions between Aboriginal and European peoples in what is now Canada.


      Joseph, Bob. "Indigenous Peoples terminology guidelines for usage." Indigenous Peoples terminology guidelines for usage. Accessed March 08, 2017. http://www.ictinc.ca/blog/indigenous-peoples-terminology-guidelines-for-usage.

  35. Jan 2017
    1. preservice teachers

      What does "preservice teacher" refer to in this context? I associate these two terms together with either an undergraduate student who is working towards licensure or a student doing a post-bac licensure program. Is that the same meaning here?

  36. Oct 2016
    1. bricolage

      See Dictionary.com

      noun, plural bricolages [bree-kuh-lah-zhiz, ‐lahzh] (Show IPA), bricolage. 1. a construction made of whatever materials are at hand; something created from a variety of available things. 2. (in literature) a piece created from diverse resources. 3. (in art) a piece of makeshift handiwork. 4. the use of multiple, diverse research methods.

    2. nihilism

      See the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

      Short explanation from IEP: Nihilism is the belief that all values are baseless and that nothing can be known or communicated. It is often associated with extreme pessimism and a radical skepticism that condemns existence. A true nihilist would believe in nothing, have no loyalties, and no purpose other than, perhaps, an impulse to destroy. While few philosophers would claim to be nihilists, nihilism is most often associated with Friedrich Nietzsche who argued that its corrosive effects would eventually destroy all moral, religious, and metaphysical convictions and precipitate the greatest crisis in human history. In the 20th century, nihilistic themes--epistemological failure, value destruction, and cosmic purposelessness--have preoccupied artists, social critics, and philosophers. Mid-century, for example, the existentialists helped popularize tenets of nihilism in their attempts to blunt its destructive potential. By the end of the century, existential despair as a response to nihilism gave way to an attitude of indifference, often associated with antifoundationalism.

      It has been over a century now since Nietzsche explored nihilism and its implications for civilization. As he predicted, nihilism's impact on the culture and values of the 20th century has been pervasive, its apocalyptic tenor spawning a mood of gloom and a good deal of anxiety, anger, and terror. Interestingly, Nietzsche himself, a radical skeptic preoccupied with language, knowledge, and truth, anticipated many of the themes of postmodernity. It's helpful to note, then, that he believed we could--at a terrible price--eventually work through nihilism. If we survived the process of destroying all interpretations of the world, we could then perhaps discover the correct course for humankind.

    3. homosocial bond

      Per Webster: "of, relating to, or involving social relationships between persons of the same sex and especially between men"

    4. mise-en-scen

      Film studies terminology. See this reference guide:

      MISE-EN-SCENE Mise en scène encompasses the most recognizable attributes of a film – the setting and the actors; it includes costumes and make-up, props, and all the other natural and artificial details that characterize the spaces filmed. The term is borrowed from a French theatrical expression, meaning roughly “put into the scene”. In other words, mise-en-scène describes the stuff in the frame and the way it is shown and arranged. We have organized this page according to four general areas: setting, lighting, costume and staging. At the end we have also included some special effects that are closely related to mise-en-scène.

    5. Kinesthetics

      see Dictionary.com


      1. the sensation of movement or strain in muscles, tendons, and joints; muscle sense.
    6. Cinema of Attractions

      Terminology borrowed from film theory. See explanations here and here.

    7. phenomenologies

      See Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

      Short explanation: "Phenomenology is the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view. The central structure of an experience is its intentionality, its being directed toward something, as it is an experience of or about some object. An experience is directed toward an object by virtue of its content or meaning (which represents the object) together with appropriate enabling conditions.

      Phenomenology as a discipline is distinct from but related to other key disciplines in philosophy, such as ontology, epistemology, logic, and ethics. Phenomenology has been practiced in various guises for centuries, but it came into its own in the early 20th century in the works of Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty and others. Phenomenological issues of intentionality, consciousness, qualia, and first-person perspective have been prominent in recent philosophy of mind."

    8. deniable rep-resentation
    9. synechdochically

      "synecdoche" (dictionary.com)

      noun, Rhetoric.

      1. a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or a Croesus for a rich man.
  37. May 2016
  38. Feb 2016
    1. horizontal collaboration

      Terminology note: For Brown, 'horizontal' seems to reference the sometimes-at-tension network and protocol theories, where network theorists sometimes neglect to consider how protocols assemble nodes into hierarchies, (i.e.,compose edges/structures). In short, power and social relations are not distributed "horizontally" / cast in pure lines.

  39. May 2014
    1. Triton Shared Computing Cluster Triton Shared Computing Cluster (TSCC) is a new computational cluster for research computing available through UC San Diego's RCI program. Designed as a turnkey, high performance computing resource, it features flexible usage and business models and professional system administration. Unlike traditional clusters, TSCC is a collaborative system wherein the majority of nodes are purchased and shared by the cluster users, known as condo owners. In addition to the participant-contributed condo nodes, TSCC has a collection of hotel nodes which are available to condo owners and to other researchers on a rental basis. The condo and hotel configurations contain both standard two-socket nodes and GPU nodes. The hotel configuration also features eight 512GB large-memory nodes. The table below provides a brief technical summary of TSCC.

      SDSC Triton Share Computing Cluster (TSCC) uses both condo and hotel terminology.

  40. Nov 2013
    1. occulta

      Interesting choice of terms.

      Definition: "occult": of, involving, or relating to supernatural, mystical, or magical powers or phenomena