19 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2023
    1. his model of the psyche was firmly rooted in the Cartesian-empiricist philosophy that continues to dominate the scientific worldview. The most basic commitment of this model is the idea that we are discrete individual entities opposed to an objective, neutral world that exists independently of us.
      • for: dualism, duality, dualism - Freud
      • paraphrase
        • Freud's model of the psyche was firmly rooted in the Cartesian-empiricist philosophy that continues to dominate the scientific worldview.
        • The most basic commitment of this model is the idea that:
          • we are discrete individual entities opposed to
          • an objective, neutral world that exists independently of us.
        • Per this model, we come to know and experience the world outside of us through a combination of:
          • internally determined processes and
          • the mental assimilation of data from the outside world.
        • Minds, as such, are
          • a prerequisite for experience, and
          • experiences are essentially a result of cognition.
        • This perspective perseveres today, for example, in the notion that
          • we become familiar with other people’s internal worlds through our private theories of their minds.
        • It also perseveres in the conceptual basis of CBT,
          • which understands our experience of the world and relationships as being determined, in large part, by
            • how we individually perceive and make sense of those things.
  2. Mar 2023
    1. few terms

      I'd say a worldview was views and values and what makes a worldview is that it is comprehensive.

      Mirriam webster has:

      a comprehensive conception or apprehension of the world especially from a specific standpoint

      For the kind of worldviews we are interested in I would emphasize the ontological aspect: i.e. it includes core views (often implicit) about the nature of the world and the nature of human beings (especially the latter is what i mean by ontological).

      Wikipedia has (oddly following)

      A worldview or a world-view or Weltanschauung is the fundamental cognitive orientation of an individual or society encompassing the whole of the individual's or society's knowledge, culture, and point of view.

      Wikipedia cites a source which has another, even better, definitional quote:

      In his article on the philosopher Wilhelm Dilthy in The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, H.P. Rickman writes

      a Weltanschauung [worldview], or philosophy, in which a picture of reality is combined with a sense of its meaning and value and with principles of action ...

  3. Aug 2022
    1. "Self-silencing" — people saying what they think others want to hear rather than what they truly feel — is skewing our understanding of how Americans really feel about abortion, COVID-19 precautions, what children are taught in school and other hot-button issues, a new study finds.

      This has to be true, and I'm glad there is a study to demonstrate it. It's one study, and it's a small sample. But, it's worth a look.

  4. Jul 2022
  5. bafybeicho2xrqouoq4cvqev3l2p44rapi6vtmngfdt42emek5lyygbp3sy.ipfs.dweb.link bafybeicho2xrqouoq4cvqev3l2p44rapi6vtmngfdt42emek5lyygbp3sy.ipfs.dweb.link
    1. We approach the problem of the extended mind from a radically non-dualistperspective. The separation between mind and matter is an artefact of the outdatedmechanistic worldview, which leaves no room for mental phenomena such as agency,intentionality, or feeling. We propose to replace it by an action ontology, which conceivesmind and matter as aspects of the same network of processes. By adopting the intentionalstance, we interpret the catalysts of elementary reactions as agents exhibiting desires,intentions, and sensations. Autopoietic networks of reactions constitute more complex super-agents, which moreover exhibit memory, deliberation and sense-making. In the specific caseof social networks, individual agents coordinate their actions via the propagation ofchallenges. The distributed cognition that emerges from this interaction cannot be situated inany individual brain. This non-dualist, holistic view extends and operationalizes processmetaphysics and Eastern philosophies. It is supported by both mindfulness experiences andmathematical models of action, self-organization, and cognition.

      The proposal is to interpret mind and matter as aspects of the same process network, and decouple both from the Cartesian/Newtonian mechanistic worldview. Catalysts of elementary reactions are agents exhibiting intention, which can exhibit increasingly complex behavior Distributed cognition that emerges from high level social interactions cannot be situated in any single individual brain.

  6. Jan 2022
  7. Nov 2021
  8. Aug 2021
    1. Many of the snippets here talk about what was in individual commonplace books and how their contents indicated what was admired. What about the negative image of all the things which were excluded?

      What things did people read which they didn't commonplace? What does that say about them? Their times? The way they thought?

      Could their commonplacing be compared with their marginalia to show what rose to certain levels of interest and what didn't? Digging through the records to find and verify marginalia may be incredibly tedious in comparison with specifically kept things.

      Some of my own fleeting notes, which I keep because it's easy, may show some interesting things about the way I think in comparison to those things upon which I expand, keep, and value more for my work and my worldview.

  9. Nov 2020
  10. Oct 2020
  11. Aug 2020
  12. Jun 2020
  13. Oct 2019
    1. all speeches are brought into existence as a result of circumstances, the multiplicity of activities going on at any one given moment in a particular place.

      This is what makes speeches unique and compelling. The speaker's worldview allows him to scan the landscape of his reality, decide which issues or subjects are present, choose one that interests him, and prepare the speech.

  14. Mar 2019
    1. As Brian Street has (1984) noted, literacy practices are neither neutral nor “autonomous,” and as researchers we must be attentive to worldviews and issues of power and identity that underlie them.
  15. Oct 2018
    1. I saw the movement of content across media as an enhancement of the creative process. He saw it as a distraction or corruption.

      Points to a short-sightedness and tunnel vision in sections of media. Taking a focussed view on a very narrow area of a field, as opposed to a "world view" as advocated by the author.

  16. Jan 2018
    1. The relevance of specific threats for a particular research study depends on the worldview or philosophical worldview of the researchers of the study. Problem/Gap - In software engineering, different categorizations exist, which leads to inconsistent reporting and consideration of threats.

      Validity of research is dependent on worldview.

  17. Jan 2016
  18. Nov 2013
    1. Insofar as the individual wants to maintain himself against other individuals, he will under natural circumstances employ the intellect mainly for dissimulation.

      Seeing the world as a hostile place, we defend with our power to deceive. Competition and survival based in theories of scarcity.