316 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. ClassificationIV CLASSIFICATION98 Meanings To explain the meaning of the term classifica-tion, let us take a family of related terms andcompare the range of their meaning. The following will serveour purpose:to enumerate, to arrange, to class, to classify, to systemise,to organise.

      you have to appreciate him differentiating his terms even if he's not coming to terms with others.

      He's a professional librarian at the turn of the 20th century, so his definitions of words like enumerate, arrange, class, classify, systematize, and organize will be intriguing.

    Tags

    Annotators

  2. Apr 2024
    1. Classification work is however not quite as simple as it maylook, on the contrary, it is a rather tricky subject, for wemust give our classes a name, we must define them, we mustknow at any rate ourselves where they begin and where theyend. It would never do for the classes to interfere with each,other, they must be defined so that they neither overlap amongthemselves nor leave any ground of the organisation as a wholeuncovered. That is certainly a difficulty but it is not insur-mountable where patience and perseverance are brought to»bear.

      Kaiser's idea of classification work bears close similarity to Mortimer Adler/Charles Van Doren's concept of coming to terms. There are subtle shades between ideas which must be differentiated so as to better situate them with respect to others.

    2. Since a smaller number can be more easily 29of numbers controlled than a larger one, the aim of or-ganisation obviously is to reduce the numbersto a manageable compass so as to assure adequate control.That is done by dividing the numbers off into groups, depart-ments, classes etc. Thus we may have classes of materials,labour etc, or we may have classes of kinds of materials,labour etc, according to the nature of our business and theextent of our organisation. These classes provide us with thefoundation, the fixed points on which our organisation can bebuilt up.Classification — the mapping out of the various classes— is there- 30fore a subject of the greatest importance in all organisationwork.
  3. Mar 2024
    1. Taxonomy allows for a structured classification system of genre, as opposed to a more contemporary rhetorical model of genre.

      Meaning...? Genre isn't a taxonomy because taxonomy requires more structured classification?

  4. Feb 2024
    1. Introducing Dewmoji: Emoji for Dewey Decimals®. A joke on Twitter about finding Emojis for every top-level Dewey Decimal class spun out of control and I ended up implementing something half-wonderful and half-terrible!
  5. Jan 2024
    1. Noguchi Yukio 野口悠紀雄 argues that for the individual researcher, classification is an endless and fruitless task (1993, 1995, 1999, 2000), and proposes that library-type classification by subject be discarded in favor of chronological ordering (that is, ordering on the basis of what document has last been used). His method basically involves putting all material into A4 envelopes and placing the most recently used envelope at the end of the row.
    1. The Aristotelian method dominated classification until the 19th century. His scheme was, in effect, that the classification of a living thing by its nature—i.e., what it really is, as against superficial resemblances—requires the examination of many specimens, the discarding of variable characters (since they must be accidental, not essential), and the establishment of constant characters.
    2. taxonomy, in a broad sense the science of classification
    1. Taxonomies are more concerned with providing exhaustive lists while classification is not exhaustive.
    2. Both terms reflect the fact that we encounter large amounts of information in everyday life and our brains need some way to synthesize and contextualize that information.
    3. "Classification" and "taxonomy" are two closely related words that some people find confusing.
  6. Nov 2023
  7. Oct 2023
  8. Sep 2023
  9. Aug 2023
  10. Jul 2023
  11. Jun 2023
    1. There are many different types of controlled vocabularies, the most common among them are: Thesaurus - a type of controlled vocabulary used in information systems that organizes concepts in hierarchical and/or associative relationships and provides their semantic definitions Classification schema - a system that based primarily on classifying things or concepts into groups or classes with a detailed explanation of those classification methods Subject heading list - a list of terms describing subjects in information system Taxonomy - a system that organizes things and concepts in groups based on their common characteristics and/or differences Terminology - a list of terms used to describe concepts in a certain domain Glossary - an alphabetical list of terms with their explanation used in a specific context
  12. May 2023
    1. ```php

      $record) { if ($name<>"count" and $name<>"specials") { foreach ($record["site"] as $sitelink) { $site[$sitelink["dbname"]]=$sitelink["url"]; } } if ($name==="specials") { foreach ($record as $sitelink) { $site[$sitelink["dbname"]]=$sitelink["url"]; } } } /* Open files */ $fp = fopen('data/'.$entity_proc.'.ttl', 'w'); fwrite($fp, "@prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> .\n"); fwrite($fp, "@prefix rdfs: <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> .\n"); fwrite($fp, "@prefix skos: <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#> .\n"); fwrite($fp, "@prefix wd: <http://www.wikidata.org/entity/> .\n"); fwrite($fp, "@prefix wdt: <http://www.wikidata.org/prop/direct/> .\n"); fwrite($fp,"\n"); fwrite($fp,"<http://www.wikidata.org/categories> rdf:type skos:ConceptScheme ;\n"); fwrite($fp," skos:prefLabel \"Wikidata categories\"@en .\n\n"); // echo $list_entities."\n"; $url = "https://www.wikidata.org/w/api.php?action=wbgetentities&ids=".$entity_proc."&props=labels|aliases|sitelinks&format=php&utf8="; $a = unserialize(file_get_contents($url)); foreach ($a["entities"] as $entity=>$data_entity) { fwrite($fp,"wd:".$entity." rdf:type skos:Concept ;\n"); fwrite($fp," skos:inScheme <http://www.wikidata.org/categories> "); if (isset($data_entity["labels"])) { foreach ($data_entity["labels"] as $label) { fwrite($fp,";\n skos:prefLabel \"".$label["value"]."\"@".$label["language"]." "); } } if (isset($data_entity["aliases"])) { foreach ($data_entity["aliases"] as $item) { foreach ($item as $label) { fwrite($fp,";\n skos:altLabel> \"".$label["value"]."\"@".$label["language"]." "); } } } foreach ($data_entity["sitelinks"] as $item) { if (in_array($item["site"],$array_sources)) { /* GET BROADER CATEGORIES */ $repeat_query=true; $cmcontinue=""; while ($repeat_query==true) { $repeat_query = false; $url_wiki = $site[$item["site"]]."/w/api.php?action=query&generator=categories&titles=".urlencode($item["title"])."&prop=pageprops|categoryinfo&format=php&utf8=".$cmcontinue; $b = unserialize(file_get_contents($url_wiki)); if (isset($b["continue"]["cmcontinue"])) { $repeat_query = true; $cmcontinue = $b["continue"]["cmcontinue"]; } if (isset($b["query"]["pages"])) { foreach ($b["query"]["pages"] as $broadcat) { if (isset($broadcat["pageprops"]["wikibase_item"])) { if (!isset($broader[$broadcat["pageprops"]["wikibase_item"]])) {$broader[$broadcat["pageprops"]["wikibase_item"]]=$broadcat["title"];} // fwrite($fp,"<http://www.wikidata.org/entity/".$entity_proc."> <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#broader> <http://www.wikidata.org/entity/".$broadcat["pageprops"]["wikibase_item"]."> <http://www.wikidata.org/categories/".$item["site"]."> .\n"); } } } } /* GET NARROWER CATEGORIES */ $repeat_query=true; $cmcontinue=""; while ($repeat_query==true) { $repeat_query = false; $url_wiki = $site[$item["site"]]."/w/api.php?action=query&generator=categorymembers&gcmtitle=".urlencode($item["title"])."&gcmtype=subcat&prop=pageprops|categoryinfo&format=php&utf8=".$cmcontinue; $b = unserialize(file_get_contents($url_wiki)); if (isset($b["continue"]["cmcontinue"])) { $repeat_query = true; $cmcontinue = $b["continue"]["cmcontinue"]; } if (isset($b["query"]["pages"])) { foreach ($b["query"]["pages"] as $narrowcat) { if (isset($narrowcat["pageprops"]["wikibase_item"])) { if (!isset($narrower[$narrowcat["pageprops"]["wikibase_item"]]) or $item["site"]=="enwiki") {$narrower[$narrowcat["pageprops"]["wikibase_item"]]=$narrowcat["title"];} // fwrite($fp,"<http://www.wikidata.org/entity/".$entity_proc."> <http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#narrower> <http://www.wikidata.org/entity/".$narrowcat["pageprops"]["wikibase_item"]."> <http://www.wikidata.org/categories/".$item["site"]."> .\n"); } } } } } } } $prevalue=""; foreach ($broader as $target=>$value) { fwrite($fp,";".$prevalue."\n skos:broader wd:".$target); $prevalue=" # ".$value; } if ($prevalue!=="") {fwrite($fp,$prevalue);} $prevalue=""; foreach ($narrower as $target=>$value) { fwrite($fp,";".$prevalue."\n skos:narrower wd:".$target); $prevalue=" # ".$value; } if ($prevalue!=="") {fwrite($fp,$prevalue);} fwrite($fp,".\n\n"); fclose($fp); ?>

      ```

    1. I went to that website and he mentions the Dewey Decimal Classification System. I have look around and only found examples/files that goes a few levels deep. He gives an example: 516.375 Finsler geometry BUT I can not find any DDC files that goes to that level of classification. The DDC is finer grain than the what the AOoD system goes so for me I am going with the DDC for possible keywords list.Any ideas where I can find a complete DDC listing I can download?

      reply to drogers8 at https://www.reddit.com/r/antinet/comments/13eyg8p/comment/jkaksn4/?utm_source=reddit&utm_medium=web2x&context=3

      You can find some basic top level or second level DDC listings online, but to get the full set of listings, you've got to subscribe to the system which is updated every few years, something only library systems and large publishers typically do. To give yourself an idea of how deep this rabbit hole goes the DDC 23 is four volumes long and each volume is in the 1,000 page range. The DDC 23 self-identifies as 0.25.4'31-dc22. For most categories DDC generally only goes as deep as the thousands place (like Finsler geometry) though others will go slightly deeper usually to designate locations/cities. Most libraries only categorize to the tenths place, and sometimes these numbers can be found on the copyright page of books, often with the DDC volume number. I mentioned the UDC in that piece, but didn't give any links, but you could try:<br /> - https://udcsummary.info/php/index.php?lang=en - https://udcc.org/index.php/site/page?view=subject_coverage - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Decimal_Classification

      Honestly, you're wasting time and making way more work for yourself to adopt one of these numbering methods for a Luhmann-esque zettelkasten. Try asking yourself this question: What benefits/affordances will I get in the long run for having my numbering system mirror the DDC or UDC? (Unless you can come up with a really fantastic answer, you're just making more work to look up headings/numbers on a regular basis.)

      In practice the numbers are simply addresses so you can quickly find things again using your index. If you're doing threads of cards (folgezettel), you're going to very quickly have tangentially related ideas of things mixed together anyway. (As an example, I've got lots of science and even some anthropology mixed into my math section, so having DDC numbers on those would be generally useless at the end of the day.) If it helps, Nicolas Gatien has a pretty reasonable and short video which makes this apparent: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdHH3YjOnZE.

    2. Extended numbering and why use Outline of Disciplines at all? .t3_13eyg8p._2FCtq-QzlfuN-SwVMUZMM3 { --postTitle-VisitedLinkColor: #9b9b9b; --postTitleLink-VisitedLinkColor: #9b9b9b; --postBodyLink-VisitedLinkColor: #989898; } Several things:Why are there different listings for the Academic Outline of Disciplines? Some starts the top level with Humanities and other start with Arts which changes the numbering?I am createing an Antinet for all things. Some of the levels of the AOOD has more then 9 items so Scott's 4 digit system would not work. For some levels I would have to use two digits. Thoughts?Why even use said system? Why is it a bad reason to just start with #1 that indicates the first subject sequence, #2 for a different subject etc..?

      reply to u/drogers8 at https://www.reddit.com/r/antinet/comments/13eyg8p/extended_numbering_and_why_use_outline_of/

      Based on my research, Scott Scheper was the one of the original source for people adopting the Academic Outline of Disciplines. I've heard him say before that he recommends it only as a potential starting place for people who are new to the space and need it as a crutch to get going. It's an odd suggestion as almost all of the rest of his system is so Luhmann-based. I suspect it's a quirk of how he personally started and once moving it was easier than starting over. He also used his own ZK for showing others, and it's hard to say one thing in a teaching video when showing people something else. Ultimately it's hard to mess up on numbering choices unless you're insistent on using only whole numbers or natural numbers. I generally wouldn't suggest complex numbers either, but you might find some interesting things within your system if you did. More detail: https://boffosocko.com/2022/10/27/thoughts-on-zettelkasten-numbering-systems/ The only reason to have any standardized base or standardized numbers would be if you were attempting to have a large shared ZK with others. If this is your intent, then perhaps look at the Universal Decimal Classification, though a variety of things might also work including Dewey Decimal.

    1. ```html

      <div vocab="https://schema.org/" typeof="VisualArtwork"> <link property="sameAs" href="http://rdf.freebase.com/rdf/m.0439_q" />

      La trahison des images

      A <span property="artform">painting</span> also known as <span>The Treason of Images</span> or <span property="alternateName">The Treachery of Images</span>.

      <div property="description">

      The painting shows a pipe. Below it, Magritte painted, <q lang="fr">Ceci n'est pas une pipe.</q>, French for "This is not a pipe."

      His statement is taken to mean that the painting itself is not a pipe. The painting is merely an image of a pipe. Hence, the description, "this is not a pipe."

      Similarly, the image shown above is neither a pipe nor even a painting, but rather a digital photograph.

      The painting is sometimes given as an example of meta message conveyed by paralanguage. Compare with Korzybski's <q>The word is not the thing</q> and <q>The map is not the territory</q>. </div>

      • Artist: <span property="creator" typeof="Person"> <span property="name">René Magritte</span> </span>
      • Dimensions: <span property="width" typeof="Distance">940 mm</span> × <span property="height" typeof="Distance">635 mm</span>
      • Materials: <span property="artMedium">oil</span> on <span property="artworkSurface">canvas</span>
      </div>

      ```

      ```html

      <div vocab="https://schema.org/" typeof="VisualArtwork"> <link property="sameAs" href="http://rdf.freebase.com/rdf/m.0dbwsn" />

      My Bed

      My Bed, first created in <time property="dateCreated" datetime="1998">1998</time>, is an <span property="artform">installation</span> by the British artist Tracey Emin.

      <div property="description">

      <cite>My Bed</cite> was exhibited at the Tate Gallery in <time datetime="1998">1999</time> as one of the shortlisted works for the Turner Prize. It consisted of her bed with bedroom objects in an abject state, and gained much media attention. Although it did not win the prize, its notoriety has persisted. </div>

      The artwork generated considerable media furore, particularly over the fact that the <span property="artMedium">bedsheets</span> were stained with bodily secretions and the floor had items from the artist's room (such as <span property="artMedium">condoms</span>, <span property="artMedium">a pair of knickers</span> with menstrual period stains, other detritus, and functional, everyday objects, including a <span property="artMedium">pair of slippers</span>). The <span property="artMedium">bed</span> was presented in the state that Emin claimed it had been when she said she had not got up from it for several days due to suicidal depression brought on by relationship difficulties.

      </div>

      ```

      ```html

      <div vocab="https://schema.org/" typeof="VisualArtwork"> <link property="sameAs" href="http://www.pada.net/members/memPicFull.php/38/367" />

      Still Life under the Lamp

      <span property="artform">Print</span> from <time property="dateCreated" datetime="1962">1962</time> by Pablo Picasso. Numbered from the edition of <span property="artEdition">50</span>, each signed by the artist in pencil, lower right: Picasso.

      <div property="description">

      <cite>Still Life under the Lamp</cite>, from 1962, made when the artist was eighty years old, are counted among Picasso’s most important works in linocut, a technique that he explored in the late 1950s and early 1960s. The progressive proofs show the step by step sequence by which Picasso created his linocut images showing the development of the image into its final form.

      </div>
      • Artist: <span property="creator" typeof="Person"> <span property="name">Pablo Picasso</span> </span>
      • Dimensions: <span property="width" typeof="Distance">25 3/16 inches</span> × <span property="height" typeof="Distance">20 3/4 inches</span>
      • Materials: <span property="artMedium">linoprint</span> on <span property="artworkSurface">paper</span>
      • See also here and here.
      </div>

      ```

    1. ```html

      <div vocab="https://schema.org/" typeof="Painting">

      <span property="name">The Madonna with the Long Neck</span>

      <span property="genre" content="http://vocab.getty.edu/aat/300021143">Late Renaissance</span> painting by <span property="creator">Parmigianino</span>. </div>

      ```

      ```html

      <div vocab="https://schema.org/" typeof="Painting"> <meta property="sameAs" content="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Church_at_Auvers" /> <span property="name">The Church at Auvers</span> by <div property="creator" typeof="Person"> <span property="name">Vincent van Gogh</span> </div>, depicts a church in <div property="contentLocation" typeof="AdministrativeArea"> <span property="name">Auvers-sur-Oise</span>, </div> but was created in <div property="locationCreated" typeof="AdministrativeArea"> <span property="name">Saint-Rémy-de-Provence</span>. </div> </div>

      ```

    1. Alternative numbering and classifications .t3_132o4w7._2FCtq-QzlfuN-SwVMUZMM3 { --postTitle-VisitedLinkColor: #9b9b9b; --postTitleLink-VisitedLinkColor: #9b9b9b; --postBodyLink-VisitedLinkColor: #989898; } Although Wikipedia Outline of academic disciplines seems like an ok place to start, it seems not ideal. Are there any guides I could use to develop my own numbering? I'm a historian, so treating it as a subcategory is not ideal, especially given how diverse this field is when it comes to its scope (what I mean by that is that you can divide history into many subcategories by period, field, geography etc.) I've taken a look at Propædia, which provides some interesting categories, but again, some of which are no interest to me (in terms of making notes about them).TLDR; Do you have any times for developing personal numbering system for your notes using decimal system? I'm developing ideas for my thesis and future dissertation, so I could arrange my notes around categories that, but I'd like to still have place for notes outside this spectrum (ideas for future papers etc.).

      reply to u/zielkarz at https://www.reddit.com/r/antinet/comments/132o4w7/alternative_numbering_and_classifications/

      Assigning random decimal numbers is more than adequate and is roughly what you'll have in the long term anyway... see https://boffosocko.com/2022/10/27/thoughts-on-zettelkasten-numbering-systems/ for some of what I've written on this before.

      Because of the way that the topology of dense sets work in the real (decimal) numbers, any topic you give a number can be made arbitrarily close to any other topic you choose. As a result the numbers you choose are generally inconsequential, so simply choose something that you feel makes sense to you.

  13. Apr 2023
    1. The first rule of analytical reading can be expressed asfollows : RULE 1. You MUST KNOW WHAT KIND OF BOK YOU AREREADING, AND YOU SHOULD KNOW THIS AS EARLY IN THE PROCESSAS POSSIBLE, PREFERABLY BEFORE YOU BEGIN TO READ.
  14. Feb 2023
    1. Are there symbols for 'supported by' or 'contradicted by' etc. to show not quite formal logical relations in a short hand?

      reply to u/stjeromeslibido at https://www.reddit.com/r/Zettelkasten/comments/10qw4l5/are_there_symbols_for_supported_by_or/

      In addition to the other excellent suggestions, I don't think you'll find anything specific that that was used historically for these, but there are certainly lots of old annotation symbols you might be able to co-opt for your personal use.

      Evina Steinova has a great free cheat sheet list of annotation symbols: The Most Common Annotation Symbols in Early Medieval Western Manuscripts (a cheat sheet).

      More of this rabbit hole:

      (Nota bene: most of my brief research here only extends to Western traditions, primarily in Latin and Greek. Obviously other languages and eras will have potential ideas as well.)

      Tironian shorthand may have something you could repurpose as well: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tironian_notes

      Some may find the auxiliary signs of the Universal Decimal Classification useful for some of these sorts of notations for conjoining ideas.


      Given the past history of these sorts of symbols and their uses, perhaps it might be useful for us all to aggregate a list of common ones we all use as a means of re-standardizing some of them in modern contexts? Which ones does everyone use?

      Here are some I commonly use:

      Often for quotations, citations, and provenance of ideas, I'll use Maria Popova and Tina Roth Eisenberg's Curator's Code:

      • ᔥ for "via" to denote a direct quotation/source— something found elsewhere and written with little or no modification or elaboration (reformulation notes)
      • ↬ for "hat tip" to stand for indirect discovery — something for which you got the idea at a source, but modified or elaborated on significantly (inspiration by a source, but which needn't be cited)

      Occasionally I'll use a few nanoformats, from the microblogging space, particularly

      • L: to indicate location

      For mathematical proofs, in addition to their usual meanings, I'll use two symbols to separate biconditionals (necessary/sufficient conditions)

      • (⇒) as a heading for the "if" portion of the proof
      • (⇐) for the "only if" portion

      Some historians may write 19c to indicate 19th Century, often I'll abbreviate using Roman numerals instead, so "XIX".

      Occasionally, I'll also throw drolleries or other symbols into my margins to indicate idiosyncratic things that may only mean something specifically to me. This follows in the medieval traditions of the ars memoria, some of which are suggested in Cornwell, Hilarie, and James Cornwell. Saints, Signs, and Symbols: The Symbolic Language of Christian Art 3rd Edition. Church Publishing, Inc., 2009. The modern day equivalent of this might be the use of emoji with slang meanings or 1337 (leet) speak.