542 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2022
    1. The pendulum swung from a physicalto a virtual society without any examina-tion or recognition of the changes ...”(Agres et al.).
    2. Yothedegreethatwecultivatethecapacitytoenterdeeplyintotheexperenceofthemoment,WEalsocultivatetheexperienceofjoy.plentinade,andwell-beingin ourlives.Thisrequiresfewthings,butthecapacitawithprofoundinten-ytoknowandenjoy thersity,It isaprocess,finally,ofcultivauingelationshipswithoneselfandoF_.Mainstreamsocietyconsistsothersof the exact opposite ev ex-briefer andmore superficial encounters with everlargerquantitiesofgoods,servicpeopleThereisnopleasureoFCOTtact,onlythegiddyadrenaline-fueledwhirlofchangingexperience withoutsubstance, touchwithoutintimacy,information withoutmeaning,companywithoutcommunity.(qd.inPierce305
    3. Moreplacedeachdayandmanybeensaved(Wireless”)


    4. Acultureoncebase{exclusivelyonphysicaleoritactisintheprocessofbeingtranslotmedintooneWhere\goodsandservicesateccessiblewithouttheneedforface-to-facecontact withotherpeopleTechnolog)ansformationtowalahasenabledthisUnyistheglueechnologvirtualsocieties.74]socieuiesplausiblathatmakesviTttonedoesnot\buttechnologyaleviabilityofthevirtualguaranteeih mustsociety,forthetechnicalpow\beusedintelligeand deliberatelybyaninformedpopulation.(qud.In\|Aoresetal.


    5. (Slouka).


    6. (Maney\


    7. (AT&T).

      Stat? Fact?

    8. As everyone knows, unreality increaseswith speed. Walking across a landscapeat six miles an hour, we experience theparticular reality of place: its smells,sounds, colors, textures, and so on.Driving at seventy miles an hour, theexperience is very different. The carisolates us, distances us; the worldbeyond the windshield—whether des-ert mesa or rolling farmland—seemsvaguely unreal. At supersonic speeds,the divorce is complete. A landscape at30,000 feet is an abstraction, as unliketeal life as a painting. (3)

      Testimony? Fact

    9. he Encyclopedia of Psychologydescribes an addiction as an’ “overpow-ering desire or need for anor interaction ...actionthat produces a psy-chophysical ‘high.’ This desire or need isrepetitive, impulsive, and compulsive innature” (Hatterer 16).


    10. ellphonecustomersused1.5trillionMOUS(minutesofuse)in2005,up36%from1.1trillionin2004(“Wireless”)


    11. AccordingtoareportbytheUnitedStatesDepartmentofTransportation,cellphone subscriptionsrosefrom340,213in1985 toawhopping117,000,000in2001(155).


    12. IntheUnitedStates,therearenow 194,479,364cellphoneusersand203,824,428Internetusers(UnitedStates,CentralIntelligenceAgency).


    13. “In point of fact,humans have been creating ways to trans-mit, store and manipulate information andmessages for centuries—if not millennia”(Thurlo et al. 37).


    1. When to the station they were taken,cna they were charged of taking life,When searching Carey they found upon him,‘Mr. Sieenson’s pocket-Knife

      The knife found on Carey was Stevenson's pocket knife that he had on him

  2. Aug 2022
    1. Zeynep's law: Until there is substantial and repeated evidence otherwise, assume counterintuitive findings to be false, and second-order effects to be dwarfed by first-order ones in magnitude.
    1. https://www.buzzfeed.com/kristatorres/women-pigtails-tips

      Anecdotal evidence that pigtails garner women in the service industry more tips, presumably because of the sexualization of little girls in society.

      It would be interesting to do a larger study on this to go along with studies I've seen on restaurant music and giving guests extra mints as ways to nudge tips and experience.

    1. The instructor may require the submission of the notesas an evidence of pro ress before the writing of the essayis begun, or he may as! for their presentation with the com-pleted essay.

      It's nice to have some evidence of progress, but I know very few students who appreciated this sort of grading practice. I know I hated it as a kid, so it's particularly pernicious and almost triggering to see it in print going back to 1908, 1911, and subsequently up to 1931.

    2. The special considerations which enter into the determina-tlon of the credibility of historical statements are discussed,with considerable fullness, in Hereford B. George, Histori-aal evidence, Oxford, 1909; Allen Johnson, Hhtorian andhistorical evidence, New York, 1926; and Charles G. Crump,Hwtory and historical reeearch, London, 1928. The studentwill receive some aid in handltng the roblems of conflictingauthorities by using Frederic Doncalf and August C. Krey,Parallel source p r o b l e m in medieval history, New York andLondon, 1912 [Harper‘s parallel aource problems], or one ofthe other volumes in the same series.

      These look fascinating, but alas for another day.

    3. A studentshould learn not to be alarmed by conflicting evidence, con-troversial views, and the mass of detailed information. H eshould rather seek to learn how to deal with them.
    1. Historical Hypermedia: An Alternative History of the Semantic Web and Web 2.0 and Implications for e-Research. .mp3. Berkeley School of Information Regents’ Lecture. UC Berkeley School of Information, 2010. https://archive.org/details/podcast_uc-berkeley-school-informat_historical-hypermedia-an-alte_1000088371512. archive.org.



      headshot of Charles van den Heuvel

      Interface as Thing - book on Paul Otlet (not released, though he said he was working on it)

      • W. Boyd Rayward 1994 expert on Otlet
      • Otlet on annotation, visualization, of text
      • TBL married internet and hypertext (ideas have sex)
      • V. Bush As We May Think - crosslinks between microfilms, not in a computer context
      • Ted Nelson 1965, hypermedia


      • Michael Buckland book about machine developed by Emanuel Goldberg antecedent to memex
      • Emanuel Goldberg and His Knowledge Machine: Information, Invention, and Political Forces (New Directions in Information Management) by Michael Buckland (Libraries Unlimited, (March 31, 2006)
      • Otlet and Goldsmith were precursors as well

      four figures in his research: - Patrick Gattis - biologist, architect, diagrams of knowledge, metaphorical use of architecture; classification - Paul Otlet, Brussels born - Wilhelm Ostwalt - nobel prize in chemistry - Otto Neurath, philosophher, designer of isotype

      Paul Otlet

      Otlet was interested in both the physical as well as the intangible aspects of the Mundaneum including as an idea, an institution, method, body of work, building, and as a network.<br /> (#t=1020)

      Early iPhone diagram?!?

      (roughly) armchair to do the things in the web of life (Nelson quote) (get full quote and source for use) (circa 19:30)

      compares Otlet to TBL

      Michael Buckland 1991 <s>internet of things</s> coinage - did I hear this correctly? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_things lists different coinages

      Turns out it was "information as thing"<br /> See: https://hypothes.is/a/kXIjaBaOEe2MEi8Fav6QsA

      sugane brierre and otlet<br /> "everything can be in a document"<br /> importance of evidence

      The idea of evidence implies a passiveness. For evidence to be useful then, one has to actively do something with it, use it for comparison or analysis with other facts, knowledge, or evidence for it to become useful.

      transformation of sound into writing<br /> movement of pieces at will to create a new combination of facts - combinatorial creativity idea here. (circa 27:30 and again at 29:00)<br /> not just efficiency but improvement and purification of humanity

      put things on system cards and put them into new orders<br /> breaking things down into smaller pieces, whether books or index cards....

      Otlet doesn't use the word interfaces, but makes these with language and annotations that existed at the time. (32:00)

      Otlet created diagrams and images to expand his ideas

      Otlet used octagonal index cards to create extra edges to connect them together by topic. This created more complex trees of knowledge beyond the four sides of standard index cards. (diagram referenced, but not contained in the lecture)

      Otlet is interested in the "materialization of knowledge": how to transfer idea into an object. (How does this related to mnemonic devices for daily use? How does it relate to broader material culture?)

      Otlet inspired by work of Herbert Spencer

      space an time are forms of thought, I hold myself that they are forms of things. (get full quote and source) from spencer influence of Plato's forms here?

      Otlet visualization of information (38:20)

      S. R. Ranganathan may have had these ideas about visualization too

      atomization of knowledge; atomist approach 19th century examples:S. R. Ranganathan, Wilson, Otlet, Richardson, (atomic notes are NOT new either...) (39:40)

      Otlet creates interfaces to the world - time with cyclic representation - space - moving cube along time and space axes as well as levels of detail - comparison to Ted Nelson and zoomable screens even though Ted Nelson didn't have screens, but simulated them in paper - globes

      Katie Berner - semantic web; claims that reporting a scholarly result won't be a paper, but a nugget of information that links to other portions of the network of knowledge.<br /> (so not just one's own system, but the global commons system)

      Mention of Open Annotation (Consortium) Collaboration:<br /> - Jane Hunter, University of Australia Brisbane & Queensland<br /> - Tim Cole, University of Urbana Champaign<br /> - Herbert Van de Sompel, Los Alamos National Laboratory annotations of various media<br /> see:<br /> - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/311366469_The_Open_Annotation_Collaboration_A_Data_Model_to_Support_Sharing_and_Interoperability_of_Scholarly_Annotations - http://www.openannotation.org/spec/core/20130205/index.html - http://www.openannotation.org/PhaseIII_Team.html

      trust must be put into the system for it to work

      coloration of the provenance of links goes back to Otlet (~52:00)

      Creativity is the friction of the attention space at the moments when the structural blocks are grinding against one another the hardest. —Randall Collins (1998) The sociology of philosophers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press (p.76)

  3. Jul 2022
    1. New DNA technology is shaking up the family trees of many plants and animals.

      One of Darwin's most compelling arguments in favour of evolution by means of natural selection was just how many different, apparently unrelated phenomena it explained. One of these was 'Classification' (what we now call taxonomy).

      Darwin argued that, when the taxonomists of his day arranged species into hierarchical groups, those tree-like groupings were best explained by genealogical descent.

      Now that biological evolution is accepted as a fact, genealogical descent has become the criterion taxonomists use to place species into hierarchical groups. Ironically, Darwin's explanation of taxonomy means it can no longer be used to justify his theory because modern taxonomy is, in effect, defined by his theory.

      The strongest tool we have for identifying genealogical descent in species is modern DNA analysis. This has helped identify many mistakes in former, non-DNA-based taxonomic classifications. But DNA analysis can't be used in all cases… For example, we do not have access to DNA samples of the vast majority of extinct species.

    1. As marginal note-taking it often is the basis for questions asked in class discussion or points made in a final paper.

      Jeremy Dean indicates that marginal notes are often "the basis for [...] points made in a final paper", but I wonder how frequently this is the case in the computer era? I rarely see or hear of educators encouraging the reuse of marginalia or even notes in academic settings, even within the framing of Hypothes.is which is an ideal tool for such a practice.

      It's been my experience that while notes are in margins, they tend to sit there lonely and unused. Few are actually creating content based on them. When this is the case, memory of the idea or issue at hand is necessary so that it may be looked up and transcribed back into a bigger piece. When it does happen it's also far more likely to be academic writers or researchers who are concertedly building up particular areas. It's much less likely to be high school or undergraduate college students who should have picked up the practice earlier in junior high school or even elementary school so that their school research years are easier.

      A potential resurgence of this broader practice may be coming back into vogue with the slew of new note taking apps that have been popping up and the idea of the zettelkasten coming back into a broader consciousness.

  4. Jun 2022
    1. Many are very proud of their digital gardens. Most topics relate to general knowledge and trivia, but some deep dive into technical areas.Many summarize books and post excerpts of books read on Kindle via apps such as Readwise. Most of the books being reviewed are on productivity, are in English, and are ranking high on Amazon, which is why most of the note sharers review exactly the same books (Almost inevitably we find Atomic Habits, Sapiens, Show Your Work and of course How to Take Smart Notes among others)Their websites have a very clean, minimalist look. Lately many are hosted on Ghost, or self-designed, and possibly looking like mine does now (I like the sleek design).

      Anecdotal evidence of one person's experience within the realm of digital gardeners.

      Odd that they indicate Ghost as a primary platform. That hasn't been my experience. Many seem to be using SSG platforms.

  5. May 2022
  6. Apr 2022
    1. ReconfigBehSci [@SciBeh]. (2021, October 1). @alexdefig I get that you are against mandates. I am responding to the reasons you give for this. Those reasons should be evidence based, right? And they should also not include the claim you are trying to justify. That’s all. [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1443960408105107459

    1. ReconfigBehSci [@SciBeh]. (2021, October 2). @alexdefig How could my identity possibly affect the evidence I provided and gave sources for? Does knowing my name make those articles more or less relevant in any way? And, if yes, by what mechanism? [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1444360427903746055

    1. why do weclap at the end of a performance

      I can anecdotally confirm that my two year old used to imitate clapping at the end of songs on the radio because of what she'd seen us do in the past.



    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2020, November 25). @ToddHorowitz3 @sciam do you mean the specific article is bad, or the wider claim/argument? Because as someone who does research on collective intelligence, I’d say there is some reason to believe it is true that there can be “too much” communication in science. See e.g. The work of Kevin Zollman [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1331672900550725634

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 1). @islaut1 @richarddmorey I think diff. Is that your first response seemed to indicate the evidence was the search itself (contra Richard) so turning an inference from absence of something into a kind of positive evidence ('the search’). Let’s call absence of evidence “not E”. 1/2 [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356215051238191104

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 2). @MichaelPaulEdw1 @islaut1 @ToddHorowitz3 @richarddmorey @MaartenvSmeden as I just said to @islaut1 if you want to force the logical contradiction you move away entirely from all of the interesting cases of inference from absence in everyday life, including the interesting statistical cases of, for example, null findings—So I think we now agree? [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356530759016792064

    1. Dr Nisreen Alwan 🌻. (2020, March 14). Our letter in the Times. ‘We request that the government urgently and openly share the scientific evidence, data and modelling it is using to inform its decision on the #Covid_19 public health interventions’ @richardhorton1 @miriamorcutt @devisridhar @drannewilson @PWGTennant https://t.co/YZamKCheXH [Tweet]. @Dr2NisreenAlwan. https://twitter.com/Dr2NisreenAlwan/status/1238726765469749248

    1. Dr. Jonathan N. Stea. (2021, January 25). Covid-19 misinformation? We’re over it. Pseudoscience? Over it. Conspiracies? Over it. Want to do your part to amplify scientific expertise and evidence-based health information? Join us. 🇨🇦 Follow us @ScienceUpFirst. #ScienceUpFirst https://t.co/81iPxXXn4q. Https://t.co/mIcyJEsPXe [Tweet]. @jonathanstea. https://twitter.com/jonathanstea/status/1353705111671869440

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 1). @islaut1 @richarddmorey I think of strength of inference resting on P(not E|not H) (for coronavirus case). Search determines the conditional probability (and by total probability of course prob of evidence) but it isn’t itself the evidence. So, was siding with R. against what I thought you meant ;-) [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356216290847944706

    1. Dr Nisreen Alwan 🌻. (2021, March 14). Exactly a year ago we wrote this letter in the Times. We were gobsmacked! We just didn’t understand what the government was basing all its decisions on including stopping testing and the herd immunity by natural infection stuff. We wanted to see the evidence backing them. [Tweet]. @Dr2NisreenAlwan. https://twitter.com/Dr2NisreenAlwan/status/1371168531669258242

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 1). @MaartenvSmeden @richarddmorey you absolutely did (and I would have been disappointed if you hadn’t ;-)! It was a general comment prompted by the fact that the title of the article you linked to doesn’t (as is widespread), and I actually genuinely think this is part of the “problem” in pedagogical terms. 1/2 [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356227423067664384

    1. Maarten van Smeden. (2021, February 1). Personal top 10 fallacies and paradoxes in statistics 1. Absence of evidence fallacy 2. Ecological fallacy 3. Stein’s paradox 4. Lord’s paradox 5. Simpson’s paradox 6. Berkson’s paradox 7. Prosecutors fallacy 8. Gambler’s fallacy 9. Lindsey’s paradox 10. Low birthweight paradox [Tweet]. @MaartenvSmeden. https://twitter.com/MaartenvSmeden/status/1356147552362639366

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 2). @MichaelPaulEdw1 @islaut1 @ToddHorowitz3 @richarddmorey as this account is focussed on COVID, maybe time to move the discussion elsewhere- happy to discuss further if you want to get in touch by email—U.hahn" "https://t.co/HOGwHragEb [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356529368630239232

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 1). Great list, but I think one of the main problems with “absence of evidence fallacy” is its phrasing: “absence of evid. Is not the same as evidence of absence” is a true statement, “absence of evidence is not evidence of absence” is literally false @richarddmorey [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356172673651503104

    1. Carlos del Rio. (2021, June 7). Here’s Where That COVID-19 Vaccine Infertility Myth Came From—And Why It Is Not True https://t.co/DvBYcCsEJx The evidence firmly shows that the COVID-19 vaccines don’t cause infertility. [Tweet]. @CarlosdelRio7. https://twitter.com/CarlosdelRio7/status/1401928031787225091

    1. Even if the Speculum was copied only in parts, Vincent of Beauvais exposed the reader to multiple opinions on any topic he discussed. Neither the concordance nor the encyclo-pedic compendium resolved the textual difficulties or contradictions that they helped bring to light. Vincent explicitly left to the reader the task of reaching a final conclusion amid the diversity of authoritative opinions that might exist on a question: “I am not unaware of the fact that philosophers have said many contradictory things, especially about the nature of things. . . . I warn the reader, lest he perhaps be horrified, if he finds some contradictions of this kind among the names of diverse authors in many places of this work, especially since I have acted in this work not as an author, but as an excerptor, that I did not try to reduce the sayings of the philosophers to agreement but report what each said or wrote on each thing; leaving to the judgment of the reader to decide which opinion to prefer.”161

      Interesting that Vincent of Beauvais indicates that there were discrepancies between the authors, but leaves it up to the reader to decide for themself.

      What would the reader do in these cases in a culture before the scientific method and the coming scientific revolutions? Does this statement prefigure the beginning of a cultural shift?

      Are there other examples of (earlier) writers encouraging the the comparison of two different excerpts from "expert" or authoritative sources to determine which should have precedence?

      What other methods would have encouraged this sort of behavior?

  7. Mar 2022
    1. Strategic, cost-efficient evidence-building relies onstrong data governance that facilitates the access, pro-tection, and use of program and other administrativedata to enable and support secondary uses, including for
    2. The statutemakes agency evidence-building plans, known as LearningAgendas, foundational to building a culture of evidencegeneration and use.
  8. Feb 2022
    1. This explanation relies upon cultural notions about gender that hold women responsible for men’s aggression and that depict violence as a natural masculine response to frustration or provocation (Anderson & Umber- son, 2001; Connell, 1987).


    2. Domestic violence scholars con- tend that some men may use violence to regain a sense of control when they feel a loss of control (Campbell; Gondolf; Stets, 1988; Umberson et al., 2002).
    3. ith stoicism in the face of stress, pain, and ad- versity (Connell, 1995; Messner, 1992).

      stoicism (hiding emotions)

    4. Repressors constant- ly avoid and deny the experience of negative emotion; they “deny experiencing distress even in the face of objective signs indicating that they are distressed’” (Emmons, 1992, p. 143).

      coping with stress (a way)

    5. First, the masculinities liter- ature reveals a cultural image of masculinity in which aggression is an acceptable way for men to express emotion in our society—whether in the form of sport, roughhousing, or controlling the be- havior of others (Connell, 1995; Messner, 1992; Segal, 1990).

      violence is an acceptable way for men to express emotion



    1. Finally, Mr. Trump tweeted the typosquatted hashtag the Friday before Election Day.
    2. An anonymous account with 52,300 followers tweeted a conspiracy theory using the "famiily" misspelling. Oct. 17 Another anonymous account tweeted using the “ii” hashtag, this time retweeting one of the banned Himalaya accounts. Oct. 18 Dinesh D’Souza, a far-right author, tweeted the typosquat. Oct. 19 Users on Reddit’s r/DeclineIntoCensorship subreddit and 4chan’s Politically Incorrect board noticed #BidenCrimeFamily had been de-indexed. Oct. 20 Users on thedonald also noticed the de-indexing. “Twitter doesn’t allow #BidenCrimeFamily - But you can get thru with #BidenCrimeFamiily - Notice the two i’s,” an anonymous user posted. Oct. 22 Actor Kirstie Alley tweeted the typosquat, adding two shruggie emojis.
    3. But since Oct. 14, conservative radio talk shows used the slogan in more than 150 broadcasts. One segment, from Larry Elder on Oct. 28, is simply titled, “The New York Post vs. the Biden Crime Family.” Conservative news outlets used the slogan in headlines. Pundits used it on TV. The phrase, repeated over and over, drilled into people’s heads the idea of Joe Biden’s corruption.
    4. GNews pushed salacious conspiracy theories about Hunter Biden, with videos and photos. Twitter accounts with “Himalaya” in the handle used the #BidenCrimeFamily hashtag to spread those photos across Twitter.
    5. The hashtag seeded itself on alternative social networking sites. It was popular on Parler, which advertises itself as a home for people censored by mainstream social media
    6. In early October, Rudy Giuliani, the president’s personal lawyer, used the hashtag repeatedly,
    7. A reporter for One America News Network tweeted #BidenCrimeFamily to promote an interview about alleged “Biden Family Corruption.” Nov. 4 Sean Hannity said he thought there should be a criminal investigation opened up into Joe and Hunter Biden. Dec. #BidenCrimeFamily became a popular reply to posts about Trump’s impending impeachment. Feb. 10, 2020 Donald Trump Jr. told a crowd at a Trump rally in New Hampshire that his father was not like “the Biden crime family.”
    8. That moment wasn’t random. #BidenCrimeFamily is part of a yearlong, effective disinformation campaign against Joe Biden — one that was spread by social media, political influencers and the president himself.

      Evidence to support the author's view.

  9. Jan 2022
    1. ike Jungius, Boyle made use of loose folio sheets that he called memorials or adversaria; yet he did not worry too much about a system of self-referential relationships that enabled intentional knowl-edge retrieval. When he realized that he was no longer able to get his bearings in an ocean of paper slips, he looked for a way out, testing several devices, such as colored strings or labels made of letters and numeral codes. Unfortunately, it was too late. As Richard Yeo clearly noted, ‘this failure to develop an effective indexing system resulted from years of trusting in memory in tandem with notes’.69

      69 Yeo, ‘Loose Notes’, 336

      Robert Boyle kept loose sheets of notes, which he called memorials or adversaria. He didn't have a system of organization for them and tried out variations of colored strings, labels made of letters, and numerical codes. Ultimately his scrap heap failed him for lack of any order and his trust in memory to hold them together failed.

      I love the idea of calling one's notes adversaria. The idea calls one to compare one note to another as if they were combatants in a fight (for truth).

      Are working with one's ideas able to fit into the idea of adversarial interoperability?

    1. And no child in highschool regardless should be able to do that either because of dresscode, horny hormone infused teenage boys, and you never know if some of the teacher are attracted to children.

      The writer of this argument does not use a specific type of evidence (first-hand, second-hand, and quantitative). The writer does not use facts proven by trustworthy authority, personal experience that would be reasoning for the writers opinion, or data that can be measured, but rather simply stating their opinion as evidence.

    2. So

      Chloe Nelson: Types of Evidence: This argument does not contain any evidence, inserting first-hand evidence here should have been done in order for the claim to be supported and make the reader trust the argument.

    3. because of dresscode, horny hormone infused teenage boys, and you never know if some of the teacher are attracted to children.

      The speaker uses confirmation bias, providing evidence as to why minors should not be allowed to exercise or be on school property without shirt without providing any reason as to why a child in school may do so, and providing a counter argument. The speaker uses first hand evidence that supports the speaker claim while also ignoring contradictory evidence.



    1. One photograph showing an emaciated man is next to another of a starving cow.

      Quantitative Evidence:

      This evidence has statistics that can be measured and counted, giving Peta's argument actually facts and numbered data. Whether or not the data is accurate or trustworthy is up for debate. Considering the number of fallacies and faulty authority there seems to be in their argument, it is likely this too may not be accurate.

    2. The campaign, he added, was funded by a Jewish philanthropist, who wished to remain anonymous.

      Second-Hand evidence:

      Peta did not experience this themselves, they had to do research and get the words of other people in order to make a point. Not only is this information not as trustworthy because it is second-hand but it is also anonymous which lowers its credits even more.

    1. Prof. Gavin Yamey MD MPH. (2022, January 7). Thank you @j_g_allen for continuing to advocate for childhood vaccination & for sharing evidence on masks Yesterday, the U.S. saw a record number of COVID-19 pediatric hospital admissions, almost 1,000 Unvaxxed kids are 10 X more likely to be hospitalized than vaxxed kids 1/2 [Tweet]. @GYamey. https://twitter.com/GYamey/status/1479265484562386944

    1. Natural News covered this story on September 20, 2021, with a headline: CONFIRMED: Gov. Inslee setting up covid concentration camps in Washington state, issuing job listings for “strike team” coordinators.

      First-hand evidence, straw-man fallacy: Citing their own website again, and warping what the COVID-19 strike teams actually are.

    2. I covered this in great detail in a Situation Update podcast entitled, “Situation Update, Sep 21, 2021 – Washington State hiring “strike teams” for COVID quarantine camps.” It is available here

      First-hand evidence, false authority: Mike Adams cites a podcast ...made by Mike Adams.

    3. Over the next decade, we now know, nearly 1.5 billion people will die from vaccine-related injuries, cancers, neurological disorders, organ damage and economic collapse. Each day, another 30 million vaccines are being administered, leading to the eventual deaths of another 10 million people over the next decade or so. They are essentially murdering 10 million people per day. This is a Holocaust-scale event every 14.4 hours.

      Qualitative evidence, first-hand evidence: Citing their own website rather than a reliable secondary source.

    4. As Jen Psaki said herself, “Our work doesn’t stop there and we are going to continue to press to get 12-18-year olds vaccinated… that’s one of the reasons why we initiated these strike forces to go into communities…” Here’s the video of Psaki saying this, in case you find it hard to believe:

      Straw man fallacy, second-hand evidence: While it is true that Psaki said this, NaturalNews is misrepresenting what she is truly saying. According to WebMD, the COVID-19 strike forces are "...made up of health and logistics experts from several federal agencies, will conduct coronavirus testing, distribute medicines designed to fight the virus and boost local and state efforts to increase vaccinations,". They are not forcing people to take "KILL SHOTS".

    5. From that article: It’s official: The White House has publicly and un-apologetically announced the deployment of “strike forces” — a military term — to go door-to-door across America, targeting unvaccinated people in their own homes. This was proudly announced yesterday by Jen Psaki. Very quickly, this program will be ramped up to full mandatory status, which means gunpoint enforcement of deadly shots, essentially meaning the U.S. government is unleashing death squads across America.

      First-hand evidence. NaturalNews citing NaturalNews.

    1. Whereas once the area was sufficient for both sides, there’s now only room for one. (There’s no hint of the fact that San Juan Hill was, in fact, a predominantly Black neighborhood.) The filmmakers’ attempt to pin down a cause for the Jets-Sharks rivalry reflects their more general shift, in the new film, toward facile psychologizing.

      The speaker is mostly just talking about a specific topic here and why the filmmaker has not done a great job with the racial problem.

    1. “Holcaust on Your Plate”

      Quantitative Evidence:

      This evidence has statistics that can be measured and counted, giving Peta's argument actually facts and numbered data. Whether or not the data is accurate or trustworthy is up for debate. Considering the number of fallacies and faulty authority there seems to be in their argument, it is likely this too may not be accurate.

    2. The campaign, headded, was funded by a Jewish philanthropist, who wished to remain anonymous.

      Second-Hand evidence:

      Peta did not experience this themselves, they had to do research and get the words of other people in order to make a point. Not only is this information not as trustworthy because it is second-hand but it is also anonymous which lowers its credits even more.



    1. 17-track album during lockdown.

      Quantitative evidence

    2. Salt air, and the rust on your doorI never needed anything more

      First hand evidence

    3. I’m doing good, I’m on some new sh*tBeen saying “yes” instead of “no”I thought I saw you at the bus stop, I didn’t though.

      First hand evidence. Heard this himself

    1. According to procon.org, students who look at a screen all day can develop computer vision syndrome.  This syndrome can cause dry eyes, blurred vision, eyestrains, and headaches.

      Type of Evidence: Second-Hand Evidence

      The author is citing evidence from an article he read so he is getting information from the author who got information elsewhere, making the evidence be second-hand.

  10. Dec 2021
    1. A Marm Kilpatrick. (2021, November 24). How do we get broad immunity to SARS-CoV-2 that will protect against future variants? 2 studies (are there more?) suggest that vaccination followed by infection gives broader protection than infection followed by vaccination. @florian_krammer @profshanecrotty @GuptaR_lab https://t.co/rqdf6rE9ej [Tweet]. @DiseaseEcology. https://twitter.com/DiseaseEcology/status/1463391782742335491

  11. Nov 2021
    1. being an insider to a cul-tural group necessarily means that the insiderresearcher has intimate knowledge of the par-ticular and situated experiences of all membersof the group or that generalizations can orshould be made about the knowledge the re-searcher holds about her own culture. A

      Being an insider doesn't equate to intimate knowledge of situated experience.

    2. I did not pursue vague statements, gener-alities, or even participant-initiated leads withfollow-up probes. “The observations . . . easily. . . overlooked” along with “the many taken-for-granted assumptions about social behavior

      Not diving deeper into vague statement, because she thought she could infer based on her own experience.

    3. tancing emotionally and intellectuallyfrom the substance of the material to enhance“abstraction of models or patterns of and forbehavior” as a native researcher (Ohnuki-Tierney, 1984 p. 584) resulted instead in dis-tancing from the process of the research and theability to att

      Challenge - trying to be distant didn't obtain thick description.



    1. COVID-19 Living Evidence. (2021, November 12). As of 12.11.2021, we have indexed 257,633 publications: 18,674 pre-prints 238,959 peer-reviewed publications Pre-prints: BioRxiv, MedRxiv Peer-reviewed: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO https://t.co/ytOhLG90Pi [Tweet]. @evidencelive. https://twitter.com/evidencelive/status/1459163720450519042

    1. It’s even possible that future window stickers on new cars may point out that a vehicle meets cybersecurity standards.

      Evidence of hacking evolution

    2. The best-known vehicle takeover occurred in 2015 when security researchers on a laptop 10 miles away caused a Jeep Cherokee to lose power, change its radio station, turn on the windshield wipers and blast cold air. Jeep’s parent company, FCA, recalled 1.4 million vehicles to fix the vulnerability.

      Demonstrative evidence

    3. In 2019, the automotive cybersecurity company Karamba Security posted a fake vehicle electronic control unit online. In under three days, 25,000 breach attempts were made, and one succeeded.

      Demonstrative evidence of hacking evolution

    4. Karamba has been working with a South American trucking company whose fleet was hacked to hide it from its tracking system, allowing thieves to steal its cargo unnoticed.

      Evidence: actual committed crime