58 Matching Annotations
1. Sep 2023
2. learn.microsoft.com learn.microsoft.com

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3. May 2023
4. en.wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org
1. Rose therefore recommended "explicit consistency checks in a protocol ... even if they impose implementation overhead".

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5. Apr 2023
6. en.wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org

7. Mar 2023

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10. learn.microsoft.com learn.microsoft.com

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11. Jan 2023
12. www.reddit.com www.reddit.com
1. What's this trick with the knitting needle? It sounds cool. How do you do it so you don't just run into the unpunched ones and get stopped?

Every card has holes pre-punched into it in exactly the same place (see the photo in the original post at the top) so that one might put a knitting needle (or other thin instrument) through the whole deck in each of the positions. Then one should decide on what each hole's meaning will be by position.

As an example, imagine you're using your cards in a rolodex fashion and you want to distinguish the six categories: family, friends, service providers, neighbors, co-workers, and organizations/businesses. For family members you cut/remove the additional paper between the first hole (representing "family") and the edge of the paper. You do the same thing for all the other cards based on their respective categories. So, for example, your brother Joe who lives across the street from you and works with you at the office in the family business would have cuts removed for positions 1, 4, and 5. For an entity that fits all six categories, cuts would be made such that the sheet would no longer stay in u/I-love-teal (the original poster's) six ring binder notebook.

At the end of the year you want to send Christmas cards to your friends, family and neighbors, so you put the knitting needles into position 1 and pull up separating your family out, then you repeat for positions 4 and 5 until you have your full list. (Pro tip: you probably wouldn't want to pull them out of the deck completely, but might rather pull them up and set them at a 90 degree angle thus preventing you from needing to do the work of refiling them all in a particular order.)

Obviously if you have multi-row edge punches or dozens of edge notches you can discern a lot more categories or data types using basic logic. Just abstract this to your particular note card system. Herman Hollerith used this in early versions of the U.S. Census in the late 1800s and it and variations were used heavily in early computer programming applications.

A variation of this sort of trick can also be done by coloring in (or not) the edges of parts of your cards as well. See for example the general suggestions in these photos which help to layout the idea of the "Pile of Index Card" system used back in 2006 with respect to Getting Things Done (GTD) philosophy:

On my mathematics specific notes which I generally put on graph paper cards, I use colored edge "notches" like these to represent broad categories like theorems, proofs, definitions, corollaries, etc. or method of proof (induction, direct, contradiction, contraposition, construction, exhaustion, probabilistic, combinatorial, etc.) This makes finding specific cards a bit easier as I tip through various sections.

A historian might use colored edges to visually label dates by decades or centuries depending on the timespan of their studies. The uses can be endless and can be specific to your field of study or needs.

Some might also attach the idea of tags/categories to the colors of their cards, so you might use white cards for ideas which are your own, yellow cards which are quotes of others' material, blue cards which represent synopses of other's ideas, etc. One might also profitably use a multi-pen with different colored inks to represent these sorts of meta-data as well.

The variations are endless...

2. If you really want to go crazy you can get 6-hole punches to make your own cards.

And if you like you can co-opt those holes in your notebox by using them for taxonomy terms and removing/or not the connective pieces to indicate membership of a group. Then by putting a knitting needle through large groups of cards, you can sort through your collection to find related items the way they used to in early computing with edge-notched cards. 😉🗃️

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13. forum.zettelkasten.de forum.zettelkasten.de
1. Anybody using this approach to manage contacts? How?

Many of the digital note taking tools that run off of text allow you to add metadata to your basic text files (as YAML headers, inline with a `key:: value` pair, or via #tags). Many of them have search functionality or use other programmatic means like query blocks, DataView, DataViewJS, etc. for doing queries on your files to get back lists, tables, charts, etc. of the data you're looking for.

The DataView repository has some good examples of how this works with something like Obsidian. Fortunately if you're using simple text files you can usually put them into one or more platforms to get the data and affordances you want out of them individually.

As an example, I have a script block in my daily note in Obsidian for birthdays in my notes that fall on today's date:

``````dataview LIST birthday FROM "Lists/People" WHERE birthday.day = date(2023-01-18).day ``````

If I put the text `birthday:: 1927-12-08` into a note about Niklas Luhmann, his name and birthday would appear in my daily note on his birthday. One can use similar functionality to create tables of books they read with titles, authors, ratings, dates read, etc. or a variety of other data input which parses through your plaintext files. Services like Obsidian, Logseq, et al. are getting better about allowing these types of programmatic searches for users without backgrounds in programming and various communities usually provide help for pre-made little snippets like the one above that one can cut and paste into their notes to get the outputs that they need. Another Obsidian based example that uses text files for tracking academic journal articles can be found at https://nataliekraneiss.com/your-academic-reading-list-in-obsidian/; I'm sure there are similar versions for other text-based platforms.

In pre-digital times, for a manual version of a rolodex like this in paper, one could use different color cards as pseudo-tags (doctors are on yellow cards, family members on blue cards, friends on green cards, etc.) or adding edge notches or even tabs to represent different types of metadata. See for example the edge colored cards in Hawkexpress' Pile of Index Cards: https://www.flickr.com/photos/hawkexpress/albums/72157594200490122

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14. tedgioia.substack.com tedgioia.substack.com
1. I've seen a bunch of people sharing this and repeating the conclusion: that the success is because the CEO loves books t/f you need passionate leaders and... while I think that's true, I don't think that's the conclusion to draw here. The winning strategy wasn't love, it was delegation and local, on the ground, knowledge.

This win comes from a leader who acknowledges people in the stores know their communities and can see and react faster to sales trends in store... <br /> —Aram Zucker-Scharff (@Chronotope@indieweb.social) https://indieweb.social/@Chronotope/109597430733908319 Dec 29, 2022, 06:27 · Mastodon for Android

Also heavily at play here in their decentralization of control is regression toward the mean (Galton, 1886) by spreading out buying decisions over a more diverse group which is more likely to reflect the buying population than one or two corporate buyers whose individual bad decisions can destroy a company.

How is one to balance these sorts of decisions at the center of a company? What role do examples of tastemakers and creatives have in spaces like fashion for this? How about the control exerted by Steve Jobs at Apple in shaping the purchasing decisions of the users vis-a-vis auteur theory? (Or more broadly, how does one retain the idea of a central vision or voice with the creative or business inputs of dozens, hundreds, or thousands of others?)

How can you balance the regression to the mean with potentially cutting edge internal ideas which may give the company a more competitive edge versus the mean?

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15. Nov 2022
16. webmonetization.org webmonetization.org
1. Web Monetization

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17. Oct 2022
18. archive.org archive.org
1. Unlike many manuals on note taking, Goutor suggest a few methods of note categorization beyond adding typical headwords. These include adding top or side edge notches using a paper punch, colored cards, or adding colored flags. However he does note some potential problems and limitations of these methods including being cumbersome or limiting (by colors available, for example). (p31-32)

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19. Jul 2022
20. en.wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org

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21. en.wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org
1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punched_card

Link to Beatrice Webb's use of note taking methods as a means of data storage, search, and sort in the early 1900s.

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22. Local file Local file
1. An instance may be given of the necessity of the “ separate sheet ” system.Among the many sources of information from which we constructed our bookThe Manor and the Borough were the hundreds of reports on particular boroughsmade by the Municipal Corporation Commissioners in 1835 .These four hugevolumes are well arranged and very fully indexed; they were in our own possession;we had read them through more than once; and we had repeatedly consulted themon particular points. We had, in fact, used them as if they had been our own boundnotebooks, thinking that this would suffice. But, in the end, we found ourselvesquite unable to digest and utilise this material until we had written out every oneof the innumerable facts on a separate sheet of paper, so as to allow of the mechanicalabsorption of these sheets among our other notes; of their complete assortment bysubjects; and of their being shuffled and reshuffled to test hypotheses as to suggestedco-existences and sequences.

Webb's use case here sounds like she's got the mass data, but that what she really desired was a database which she could more easily query to do her work and research. As a result, she took the flat file data and made it into a manually sortable and searchable database.

2. By the method of note-taking that I have described, it was practicableto sort out all our thousands of separate pieces of paper according toany, or successively according to all, of these categories or combinationof categories

The broad description of Beatrice Webb's note taking system sounds almost eerily like the idea behind edge notched cards, however in her case she was writing note in particular locations on cards in an effort to help her cause rather than putting physical punch holes into them.

23. Jun 2022

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25. zettelkasten.de zettelkasten.de
1. Simply stated, Luhmann’s Zettelkasten structure was not dynamic or fluid in nature. Yet, it was not rigid, either. Examples of a rigid structure are classification systems like the Dewey Decimal Classification System or Paul Otlet’s massive notecard world museum known as, The Mundaneum. These types of systems are helpful for interpersonal knowledge systems; however, they’re not illustrative of what Niklas Luhmann’s system was: an intrapersonal communication system. Luhmann’s notebox system was not logically and neatly organized to allow for the convenience of the public to access. Nor was it meant to be. It seemed chaotic to those who perused its contents other than its creator, Niklas Luhmann. One researcher who studied Luhmann’s system in person says, “at first glance, Luhmann’s organization of his collection appears to lack any clear order; it even seems chaotic. However, this was a deliberate choice.” (11)11 Luhmann’s Zettelkasten was not a structure that could be characterized as one of order. Indeed, it seems closer to that of chaos than order.

This seems illustrative of the idea that some of the most interesting things in life or living systems exist at the chaotic borders.

There seem to be differences between more rigid structures like the Dewey Decimal Classification system or Paul Otlet's Mundaneum and less rigid branching systems like Luhmann's version of his zettelkasten. Is this really a difference or only a seeming difference given the standardization some of the systems. There should be a way to do both. Maybe it's by the emergence of public standards, or perhaps it's simply through the use of subject headings and the cross linking of emerging folksonomies.

What does the use of platforms like the Federated Wiki or the early blogosphere and linking and discovery methods enabled by Technorati indicate?

Luhmann's system may seem intrapersonal, perhaps as a result of the numbering system, but it becomes highly penetrable by the subject index and the links from one idea (card) to the next. Use over time makes it even easier.

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26. May 2022
27. github.com github.com
1. It really looks like a few lines of code — https://github.com/seanwalbran/rspec_around_all/blob/master/lib/rspec_around_all.rb — which complete the DSL and make up for those 0.1% of the cases like mine.

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28. www.usmcu.edu www.usmcu.edu
1. However, deep framing analysis directs that a frame or narrative is not static, but rather holds that to remain truthful, the frame or narrative necessarily evolves in an intra-active way with other “matter.

The public Indyweb supports this through its inherent conversational structure and focus on knowledge at the edge.

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29. Feb 2022
30. niklas-luhmann-archiv.de niklas-luhmann-archiv.de
1. 9/8g Hinter der Zettelkastentechnik steht dieErfahrung: Ohne zu schreiben kann mannicht denken – jedenfalls nicht in anspruchsvollen,selektiven Zugriff aufs Gedächtnis voraussehendenZusammenhängen. Das heißt auch: ohne Differenzen einzukerben,kann man nicht denken.

9/8g The Zettelkasten technique is based on experience: You can't think without writing—at least not in contexts that require selective access to memory.

That also means: you can't think without notching differences.

There's something interesting about the translation here of "notching" occurring on an index card about ideas which can be linked to the early computer science version of edge-notched cards. Could this have been a subtle and tangential reference to just this sort of computing?

The idea isn't new to me, but in the last phrase Luhmann tangentially highlights the value of the zettelkasten for more easily and directly comparing and contrasting the ideas on two different cards which might be either linked or juxtaposed.

• Graeber and Wengrow ideas of storytelling
• Shield of Achilles and ekphrasis thesis

• https://hypothes.is/a/I-VY-HyfEeyjIC_pm7NF7Q With the further context of the full quote including "with selective access to memory" Luhmann seemed to at least to make space (if not give a tacit nod?) to oral traditions which had methods for access to memories in ways that modern literates don't typically give any credit at all. Johannes F.K .Schmidt certainly didn't and actively erased it in Niklas Luhmann’s Card Index: The Fabrication of Serendipity.

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31. Dec 2021
32. en.itpedia.nl en.itpedia.nl
1. Edge computing is an emerging new trend in cloud data storage that improves how we access and process data online. Businesses dealing with high-frequency transactions like banks, social media companies, and online gaming operators may benefit from edge computing.

Edge Computing: What It Is and Why It Matters0 https://en.itpedia.nl/2021/12/29/edge-computing-what-it-is-and-why-it-matters/ Edge computing is an emerging new trend in cloud data storage that improves how we access and process data online. Businesses dealing with high-frequency transactions like banks, social media companies, and online gaming operators may benefit from edge computing.

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33. Nov 2021
34. www.nytimes.com www.nytimes.com

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35. Oct 2021
36. www.netflix.com www.netflix.com
1. ## Lost in Translation

In the film, Lost in Translation, Bob and Charlotte begin their conversation learning what each of them is doing in Tokyo.

Bob: What do you do?

Charlotte: I’m not sure yet, actually. I just graduated last spring.”

Bob: What did you study?

Charlotte: Philosophy.

Bob: Yeah, there’s a good buck in that racket.

Charlotte: (Laughs.) Yeah. Well, so far it’s pro bono.

(33:45)

## Edge Effects

In ecology, edge effects are changes in population or community structures that occur at the boundary of two or more habitats. Areas with small habitat fragments exhibit especially pronounced edge effects that may extend throughout the range. As the edge effects increase, the boundary habitat allows for greater biodiversity.

Wikipedia: Edge effects

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37. www.unboxyourworld.com www.unboxyourworld.com
1. Where philosophy meets tech.

## Design Philosophy

This seems to be the space that I occupy on the edges of design education and practice.

Maria Selting of Unbox Your World podcast has just shared the raw audio of our conversation to get feedback before she publishes the episode, Redesigning Design: Applying UX Principles to Design a Better Future.

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38. edgeeffects.net edgeeffects.net
1. The Edge Effects podcast features interviews with scholars, scientists, activists, and artists who engage with questions of environmental and cultural change.

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39. singularityhub.com singularityhub.com
1. Science fiction writers and futurists, on the other hand, are free from restraints when it comes to imagining the future, and can also offer an outsider’s view.

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1. The rise of the Nazis in 1933 caused an unprecedented forced migration of hundreds of artists within and, in many cases, ultimately away from Europe. Exiles and Emigres, published in conjunction with a traveling exhibition opening in February 1997 at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, is the first book to trace the lives and work of 23 well-known painters, sculptors, photographers, and architects exiled from their homelands during the 12 years of Nazi rule.

“The Bauhaus concept, as it was transplanted to the United States, was fundamentally different from the principles upon which the experimental school had been founded in Weimar in 1919. The guiding principle of the Bauhaus was to unify all aspects of art making—painting, sculpture, handicrafts—as elements of a new kind of art, erasing the division between “high” and decorative art. Explorations of materials, color, and form were important building blocks of the curriculum. The artists and designers of the Bauhaus believed that this new type of art and design would help to create a better society, and they sought commissions to design public buildings and other elements of public life (such as flags and currency). In America, however, the Bauhaus ideas lost their social and political thrust. The emigré teachers in Chicago, Cambridge, and North Carolina who had been committed to progressive architecture and design ideas in Germany were now lionized as upholders of a pure, reductivist style.”

(Stephanie Barron, page 25)

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41. en.wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org
1. In ecology, edge effects are changes in population or community structures that occur at the boundary of two or more habitats.[1] Areas with small habitat fragments exhibit especially pronounced edge effects that may extend throughout the range. As the edge effects increase, the boundary habitat allows for greater biodiversity.

# Edge Effects

It was in the Design Science Studio that I learned about edge effects.

Yesterday, I was thinking about how my life embodies the concept of edge effects. That same day, a book was delivered to our door, Design for the Real World by Victor Papanek.

Today, I was reading these words:

## Design for the Real World

### Design for Survival and Survival through Design: A Summation

Integrated, comprehensive, anticipatory design is the act of planning and shaping carried on across the various disciplines, an act continuously carried on at interfaces between them.

Victor Papanek goes on to say:

It is at the border of different techniques or disciplines that most new discoveries are made and most action is inaugurated. It is when two differing areas of knowledge are brought into contact with one another that… a new science may come into being.

(Page 323)

## Exiles and Emigrés

The Bauhaus spread its ideas because it existed at the boundaries, the avant-garde, the edges of what was thought to be possible, especially as a socialist utopian idea found its way to a capitalist industrial-military complex, where the concept of modernism was co-opted and colonized by globalizing economic forces beyond the control of the individual. Design was the virus that propagated around the world through the vehicle of corporate globalization.

That same design ethic is infecting corporations with a conscience, with empathy, with a process that begins with listening to people. Design is the virus that can spread the values of unconditional love throughout the body of neoliberal capitalism.

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42. Aug 2021
43. softwareengineering.stackexchange.com softwareengineering.stackexchange.com
1. Special case check = Non-obvious, non-boundary special values, for example log(1 + the smallest floating point number).
2. Edge / Boundary check = The maximum or minimum input which is expected to produce correct output

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44. www.reddit.com www.reddit.com
1. I remember also seeing this as an indexing system for index cards in 2007. https://www.flickr.com/photos/hawkexpress/sets/72157594200490122/

It's not too dissimilar a pattern from the early 20th century edge-notched cards which were used to make sorting collections easier. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edge-notched_card Of course doing this for a notebook isn't going to work as easily.

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45. en.wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org
1. In her book Parti-colored Blocks for a Quilt, writer Marge Piercy described how she used needle cards instead of a notebook: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}I keep neither a journal nor a notebook. I have a memory annex which serves my purposes. It uses edge-notched cards. Edge-notched cards are cards which have holes around the borders as opposed to machine punch cards which are punched through the body. The cards are sorted with knitting needles. I have a nice sophisticated system which I call the "General Practitioner."[12]

Interesting to see that Marge Piercy used an edge-notched card system for personal use in the manner of a commonplace book.

See reference: Piercy, Marge (1982). Parti-colored blocks for a quilt. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. pp. 27–28. doi:10.3998/mpub.7442. ISBN 0472063383. OCLC 8476006.

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46. www.ruby-lang.org www.ruby-lang.org
1. If your code doesn’t have to run on Ruby 2.6 or older, you may try the new style in Ruby 2.7. In almost all cases, it works. Note that, however, there are unfortunate corner cases as follows:
2. Ruby 2.6 or before themselves have tons of corner cases in keyword arguments.

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47. Jul 2021

Originally suggested by Alan Levine. Some interesting specific examples here, but I've been aware of the concept for a while.

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49. Jun 2021
50. github.com github.com
1. The emphasis was made on a raw CDP protocol because Chrome allows you to do so many things that are barely supported by WebDriver because it should have consistent design with other browsers.

compatibility: need for compatibility is limiting:

• innovation

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51. github.com github.com
1. so by adopting git installations with latest source code you're effectively agreeing to go bleeding-edge. I would assume that means you're ready for any breaking changes and broken installations, which is what happened here.

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52. Feb 2021
53. psyarxiv.com psyarxiv.com
1. Newall, P. W. S., Walasek, L., & Ludvig, E. A. (2020, November 11). Risk communication improvements for gambling: House-edge information and volatility statements. https://doi.org/10.1037/adb0000695

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54. Dec 2020
55. github.com github.com
1. more leading edge than bleeding
2. Is using bleeding edge tech risky and foolish? How much blood are we talking about? My experience tells me Svelte is a safe choice, more leading edge than bleeding.

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56. Oct 2020
57. github.com github.com
1. I don't want Svelte to go out of its way to try to catch all these edge cases. It would require lots of fragile heuristics in the compiler. I want a solid compiler I can trust, not something magic but often out of service. I want it the simplest possible.

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58. github.com github.com
1. if we create a new branch or scope for some corner cases, we should have full features of a component without creating a new file

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59. Sep 2020
60. github.com github.com
1. And to illustrate another way actions are helpful, take your above example and put the button into a {{#each}}. It gets more complicated.

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61. arxiv.org arxiv.org
1. Romanini, Daniele, Sune Lehmann, and Mikko Kivelä. ‘Privacy and Uniqueness of Neighborhoods in Social Networks’. ArXiv:2009.09973 [Physics], 21 September 2020. http://arxiv.org/abs/2009.09973.

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62. Jun 2020
63. medium.com medium.com
1. According to our understanding of the inconsistencies, the feature was likely trying to support too many edge cases. All caching strategies have weaknesses and eventually break down if the usage is not properly scoped.

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64. May 2020
65. tools.ietf.org tools.ietf.org
1. This represents the leap second inserted at the end of 1990. 1990-12-31T15:59:60-08:00

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66. Feb 2020
67. opensquare.nyupress.org opensquare.nyupress.org
1. The Digital Edge How Black and Latino Youth Navigate Digital Inequality

Book

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68. Jul 2019
69. en.wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org

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70. www.networkworld.com www.networkworld.com

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1. The on-board Edge TPU coprocessor

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72. Jan 2019
73. www.at-the-intersection.com www.at-the-intersection.com
1. three commas type solution the most

References them often...doing something right

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74. Apr 2018
75. www.cs.wayne.edu www.cs.wayne.edu
1. 边缘计算是一个技术呢？还只是一个市场语言，把各种技术包装起来而已？

2. 越来越多的数据从边缘产生，而不是云。 虽然数据中心的处理能力远超边缘，但是带宽的发展跟不上边缘数据生产速度。 上云处理的代价非常之高。

文章是从整个信息行业，数据生产、带宽发展、IOT的需求，来推导出边缘计算的必要性。 但是，如果从具体行业看，似乎并不是这样的。

3. SomeIoT applications might require very short response time, somemight involve private data, and some might produce a largequantity of data which could be a heavy load for networks

边缘计算最大驱动力是IOT产生的极大量数据，云计算架构不是完全合适。 IOT的关键需求包括： 响应延时、网络带宽、隐私、数据存储

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76. Nov 2017
77. docs.aws.amazon.com docs.aws.amazon.com
1. Lambda@Edge lets you run Lambda functions at AWS Regions and Amazon CloudFront edge locations in response to CloudFront events

Extremely happy to see such an amazing opportunity which I think will help create fined grain API's which are fast and can leverage Caching strategies which will be cheap.

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78. Oct 2015
79. cms.whittier.edu cms.whittier.edu
1. who and what define the edge of the city?