82 Matching Annotations
1. Oct 2022
2. heathercoxrichardson.substack.com heathercoxrichardson.substack.com
1. The real danger of this widening schism…lies in this creating the conditions for a future that looks more like present-day Russia or Iran.

Or like The Handmaid's Tale.... SF accurately predicts the future yet again.

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3. davidbclear.medium.com davidbclear.medium.com
1. This is a pretty good example of a strawman argument. The author uses the correct exponential growth formula to describe a precise 1% improvement rate. But that's not what the 1% improvement idea is about. For instance, consider https://nextbigideaclub.com/magazine/get-1-better-every-day/19161/ or https://betterhumans.pub/continuous-improvement-how-to-get-1-better-every-day-from-today-a8128c942c61 The argument isn't based on a strict interpretation of 1%.

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4. daniellacressman.medium.com daniellacressman.medium.com
1. Did I mention that 92% of prisoners just happen to be fathers?

Interesting statistic. Is this for USA? Globally? In any case, if true, I strongly suspect it means more fathers per capita are in prison than bachelors. The implications could be quite significant.

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5. www.flickr.com www.flickr.com
1. In a recent paper published in Nature Climate Change, scientists found that major sea-level rise from the melting of the Greenland ice cap is now ‘inevitable’ even if the burning of fossil fuels were to halt overnight. Using satellite observations of Greenland ice loss and ice cap from 2000 to 2019, the team found the losses will lead to a minimum rise of 27 cm regardless of climate change.

A great example of the lag that large, complex systems exhibit when responding to significant input changes.

Lag is something that humans are woefully weak at recognizing and understanding. This, and other systems concepts are what we need to add to the curriculum at all levels of education, to change this very significant shortcoming of "common knowledge".

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6. taraellastylia.blogspot.com taraellastylia.blogspot.com
1. Furthermore, in extreme cases, any opposition to CRT could be painted as ‘upholding white supremacy’, a view essentially justified on the grounds of Foucaldian postmodern philosophy rather than objective reality.

In addition to the concerns about CRT generally, this popularization, and bastardization, of CRT speaks to the danger of releasing too much information from academia into the popular sphere. When incompletely considered theories, arguments, and models are made widely available, they will be taken advantage of by unscrupulous and malicious people.

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7. Sep 2022
8. www.discovermagazine.com www.discovermagazine.com
1. which is why we model the future as something we can influence.

Yeah, but those who would model the future for the sake of influencing it are driven to do so because they have no free well. And similarly, there are people who will patently refuse to pursue such an approach because they are driven to it by their lack of free will.

2. Given our lack of complete microscopic information, the question we should be asking is, "does the best theory of human beings include an element of free choice?"

This is a good question. And we don't need to be able to predict the future to answer it.

3. The problem with this is that it mixes levels of description. If we know the exact quantum state of all of our atoms and forces, in principle Laplace's Demon can predict our future. But we don't know that, and we never will, and therefore who cares? What we are trying to do is to construct an effective understanding of human beings, not of electrons and nuclei.

This is a non-sequitur. Being able to predict the future is irrelevant. What matters is that whatever we do will be "determined" by the laws of physics and the state of the system at the moment of a decision.

4. The consequence argument points out that deterministic laws imply that the future isn't really up for grabs; it's determined by the present state just as surely as the past is. So we don't really have choices about anything.

Yup, that makes sense to me. I'm fine with that too.

Still, however, everyone is ignoring the influence of learning on our future state.

5. while we can still influence later times

But can we? If there's no libertarian free will, then we cannot influence the future because we cannot choose to do differently than we will have done.

6. Of course, just because it can be compatible with the laws of nature, doesn't mean that the concept of free will actually is the best way to talk about emergent human behaviors.

And that's the crux of the matter. Knowing that free will is only constructed, we can decide it would be best to not base certain decisions on its existence. For instance, how we deal with crime and punishment.

Of course, if there's no free will, then there are some people who will never accept it's non-existence.

7. The concept of baseball is emergent rather than fundamental, but it's no less real for all of that. Likewise for free will. We can be perfectly orthodox materialists and yet believe in free will, if what we mean by that is that there is a level of description that is useful in certain contexts and that includes "autonomous agents with free will" as crucial ingredients.

Again, the problem here is that we can define and characterize baseball such that we can unequivocally say that a given entity either is or is not "baseball".

But we cannot do that for free will - because we cannot measure it.

Carroll is also being quite utilitarian, which is fine. My idea is that considering the utility of a concept only matters for emergent properties because they are constructed and not fundamental. The fundamentals have no utility; they just are.

8. When we talk about air in a room, we can describe it by listing the properties of each and every molecule, or we speak in coarse-grained terms about things like temperature and pressure. One description is more "fundamental," in that its regime of validity is wider; but both have a regime of validity, and as long as we are in that regime, the relevant concepts have a perfectly good claim to "existing."

Another way of saying this is that temperature and pressure are emergent properties of the more fundamental properties of the molecules of air.

The problem with applying this to free will, though, is that unlike temperature, we have no way to measure free will. If we can't measure it, I am quite comfortable in denying this analogy.

9. But in either event, they believe that our freedom of choice cannot be reduced to our constituent particles evolving according to the laws of physics.

But why would they believe something so silly?

10. There are people who do believe in free will in this sense; that we need to invoke a notion of free will as an essential ingredient in reality, over and above the conventional laws of nature. These are libertarians, in the metaphysical sense rather than the political-philosophy sense.

A good way to characterize free will from a purely scientific point of view.

11. When people make use of a concept and simultaneously deny its existence, what they typically mean is that the concept in question is nowhere to be found in some "fundamental" description of reality.

Yes! This is very important. Recognizing that "race" is constructed rather than fundamental is the first step to recognizing the race is irrelevant, and that it can be jettisoned from our reasoning. Similarly, once we can see that "free will" is constructed and not fundamental, we can get past its philosophical shackles.

12. John Searle has joked that people who deny free will, when ordering at a restaurant, should say "just bring me whatever the laws of nature have determined I will get."

This is silly and unhelpful. How would the staff know what the laws of nature have determined without knowing more about the patron than even the patron themself know?

13. Likewise, people who question the existence of free will don't have any trouble making choices.

And there's the problem: do we really make choices? Or are we just unaware of the deterministic algorithm making the choice for us?

14. It's possible to deny the existence of something while using it all the time. Julian Barbour doesn't believe time is real, but he is perfectly capable of showing up to a meeting on time.

This is the difference between a social construct and a distinct physical phenomenon. In this regard, “time” is like “race”.

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9. Aug 2022
10. www.imore.com www.imore.com
1. It seems to me that they tried to roboticize a manufacturing process for a product that was designed to be manufactured by humans. Rookie mistake.

If they want to automate construction of Mac products, they'll have to redesign the product to fit the constraints of robotic manufacture.

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1. We should all transition from thinking about logic as a field of great dead white men and as a field of “geniuses”, to recognizing those men for the flawed creatures they were, whose “genius” relied on the subjugation of many women and BIPOC around them, and ensuring that the Wikipedia, SEP, etc., pages for these logicians acknowledge that.

This is the wrong approach, because it imposes modern norms on past times. It's illogical and superficial.

It would be appropriate, though, to carefully review the histories of past logicians and to document more fully the roles that others played in their work, with a clinical and factual dispassion, and with the intention of being accurate and attributing progress to whoever actually did the work.

2. add more diversity to, e.g., the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, by including more entries on Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) folks, and also by acknowledging the work of BIPOC folks in entries which are already present, to compile a list of resources about less studied logics, and to track the number of female and BIPOC participants in logic events. One notable resource that started to develop over the course of the day was a collection of some lived experiences of BIPOC logicians.

The only reason there wouldn't be enough BIPOC representation in SEP is if people were knowingly excluding that work because they were BIPOC.

Of course, sometimes you have to know an author is BIPOC to be able to appreciate why their point of view may be different than typical. It can provide context.

But even then, one must intentionally exclude people because of their background. How can one do that systemically and sleep at night?

3. Teaching suggestions for diversifying logic courses and suggestions for how to make logic more accessible for students from a wide variety of backgrounds included getting rid of genius culture and stereotypes in logic, focusing on logic as a practical tool which requires practice to get good at, using low-cost materials, implementing mastery grading and providing mentorship opportunities.

Oh, come on. "Genius culture" exists in all academia to one degree or another. To say that logic is somehow more susceptible to this than other disciplines is stunningly arrogant and cloistered thinking.

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12. www.esa.int www.esa.int
1. Every 60 seconds the equivalent of a lorry-load of plastic enters the global ocean. Where does it end up? Right now, researchers simply don’t know. But in a bid to help find out, an ESA-led project developed floating transmitters whose passage can be tracked over time, helping in turn to guide a sophisticated software model of marine plastic litter accumulation.

Huh? The plastic ends up in the Garbage Patches - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Pacific_garbage_patch

This is a surprising and disappointing oversight by ESA.

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13. en.wikipedia.org en.wikipedia.org

So, taxing people, say, $50 per year would allow the government to fund those charities, right? Sounds like an excellent way to facilitate climate change mitigation. 4. The Founders Pledge report used countries’ climate targets and projected policies to estimate how many metric tons of carbon can be saved by avoiding various lifestyle choices. Are there countries that haven't already blown past their own targets and had to reset them? It seems quite naive of them to suggest that any country will be able to meet their targets. Indeed, considering how many countries that produce lots of GHGs have had to step back from their climate change targets, I would expect that accounting for policy changes would actually make population reduction even better. #### Tags #### Annotators #### URL 35. github.com github.com 1. Try not to have white spaces in your folder and file names This would be a useful plugin for freely publishing Obsidian content via Git, except for this problem. I depend on whitespace in filenames. Pity. #### Tags #### Annotators #### URL 36. journals.aps.org journals.aps.org 1. creased learning in a college physics course with timelyuse of short multimedia summaries I'm forced to wonder if this is actually an instance of coddling. Creating the summaries for students removes the need for the students to learn to summarize what they study & learn on their own. Being able to summarize the work of others is an aspect of life-long learning that is, IMHO, crucial. #### Tags #### Annotators #### URL 37. Jan 2022 38. medium.com medium.com 1. Looking up their net worths, we find that Bill Nye is worth$8 million. That’s great, really. A scientist that is worth $8 million is pretty rare. Even Neil Degrasse Tyson is only worth$5 million. I say “only” with tongue in cheek because $5 million is really a LOT of money. But, it’s only about 63% of Bill Nye’s net worth. So, comparatively speaking, Bill Nye has done very well for a scientist.Let’s compare that with Ken Ham. He has a net worth of$54 million. That ark has made Ken Ham his fabulous wealth. And, if it wasn’t for the Bill Nye debate, it might never have come into existence since the project had stalled out.

All this demonstrates is the amorality of capitalism. Ham is richer, but also an immoral propagandist for a demented worldview.

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39. Dec 2021
40. tomprof.stanford.edu tomprof.stanford.edu
1. How do I allow students to voice contentious, ugly, or even ignorant views, so that they can learn without fear of recrimination?

Too broad of a spectrum here. And why should students not fear recrimination? This is coddling, pure and simple.

2. first-day surveys, name tents, and very brief in-class writing about students’ values or daily lives help students experience a sense of belonging.

Now imagine it from the students' POV, students who are taken 4 or more courses, and having to do the same engagement exercises over and over again in all their classes.

I think it would drive them in the opposite direction from that intended by the instructor.

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41. medium.com medium.com
1. We live in a society whose psychic structure is formulated on the premise of survival of the fittest and you’re either in or you’re out. If you’re in, you must play the game of kill or be killed. One-upmanship and a perpetual ladder-climbing exercise is your lot.

Quite a pithy remark. Even though some may say it's far too reductionist, I would say reductionism remains the truest mirror of our selves. We're nothing but monkeys, except that we don't throw shit at each other, we throw nukes.

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42. www.reddit.com www.reddit.com
1. Might be worth discussing with class.

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43. www.reddit.com www.reddit.com
1. A very interesting design case, and addresses an important issue for (some) shoppers. (Probably mostly introverts.)

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44. Nov 2021
45. medium.com medium.com
1. An interesting thinking exercise. Ask students the question as posed in the title. The critical thinking part is: question the assumptions baked into the title. And see how many students can explain the physics.

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46. perbites.org perbites.org
1. The trick here is that the retention seems to be the result of the application of active, IBL/PBL teaching methods. Indeed, the authors suggest that this retention wouldn't happen if conventional, passive teaching methods were used.

This is really more evidence that IBL actually works.

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47. uxdesign.cc uxdesign.cc
1. William James pointed out that, “My experience is what I agree to attend to,”

I disagree with this rather dated bald assertion. I think our experience includes everything processed by the brain - which is more than what we attend to - as well as the meta-level experiential interconnections our brains form in connecting memories to each other.

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48. www.cnn.com www.cnn.com
1. "Without competition, a short time into the contract, NASA will find itself with limited options as it attempts to negotiate missed deadlines, design changes, and cost overruns," Bezos' lettter reads. "Without competition, NASA's short-term and long-term lunar ambitions will be delayed, will ultimately cost more, and won't serve the national interest."

Bezos is failing to recognize the essential and fundamental differences between business and scientific exploration. The basic goals of the 2 types of enterprise are entirely different. We are not in the 15th century, and we cannot treat basic exploration like Queen Isabella treated Columbus's trips.

Not that Musk is any better than Bezos, of course, but the "competition" Bezos claims is essential is something that only works on paper in capitalist communities. Science and exploration don't work that way any more. Thank goodness.

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49. alexanderpruss.blogspot.com alexanderpruss.blogspot.com
1. I do think that if you in fact have a losing ticket, then you know it. And if you have winning ticket then you can justifiably, but incorrectly, think you know you have a losing ticket.I think the only good way to deny knowledge in lottery cases is to demand infallibility from knowledge, which than loses us pretty much all ordinary knowledge.

This is exactly my problem with "knowledge" and it's inherent vagueness. I think it's far better for us all to admit that we have virtually no knowledge and instead only have beliefs of varying strengths.

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50. Oct 2021
51. theapeiron.co.uk theapeiron.co.uk
1. This is a nice introduction to some issues of concern to me. For instance, the absence of pain is good - but why is it good? The empirical reason for this is that it satisfies evolved instinct. So again, what is good tracks to what is natural. But the naturalistic fallacy undermines that. And most importantly, there is no known scientific connection between evolution and instinct on the one hand, and "good" on the other. My answer is: morality is not natural, it is an artifice of humanity. And since it's an artifice, we can make it whatever we want.

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1. Consider what's in Oxford Languages vs what's in Wikipedia. There's quite a difference between them. I suspect this is another term coopted by "emotional extremists" and irrationalists, but I'd have to study it more.

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53. rickhess99.medium.com rickhess99.medium.com
1. This article fails to recognize the societal benefits of free education. Since the US is all about the individual, this isn't surprising. However, the facts - as evidenced by countries where education is essentially free - is that it increases the societal level of education, which improves so many things, not the least of which is more informed and rational voting.

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54. www.quantamagazine.org www.quantamagazine.org
1. General relativity implies that information gets destroyed; quantum theory says it’s preserved. Hence the paradox.

Isn't this an example of the law of the excluded middle? If LoEM doesn't exist (in Gisin's theory), then could there be information that isn't either created or destroyed?

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55. jessicalexicus.medium.com jessicalexicus.medium.com
1. The real conspiracies are hiding in plain sight.

The big difference between the paranoiac's conspiracy theories and the real ones is that in the fake ones the conspirators are "in it together" and form a like-minded group. In reality, the billionaires would be very happy to through each other under the bus if they could.

So it's not so much that there are real conspiracies as there are a known set of methods and tools - known to everyone, everywhere - that allow this gross power imbalance to be created. These methods and tools are known to all but can only be used by the rich because they are themselves very costly.

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56. Sep 2021
57. writingcooperative.com writingcooperative.com
1. Quite frankly, I find these 8 rules quite pedestrian.

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58. github.com github.com
1. A potentially interesting task management plugin for obsidian. I'm a little worried about long-term support. I'm going to wait and see what happens.

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59. github.com github.com
1. This is not a published Chrome extension and it uses an odd workaround to circumvent Chrome security. So I'm not sure how safe it is. Keep an eye on it; if it develops enough, it could be quite useful.

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60. statmodeling.stat.columbia.edu statmodeling.stat.columbia.edu
1. This is an excellent example of just how convoluted and brain-numbing statistics can be if you really get into it - yet how vitally important it is to have excellent statisticians working on important problems like determining how exactly COVID is spreading.

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61. www.cbc.ca www.cbc.ca
1. Example of how expending a little extra energy creates two more useful outputs (compostable solids, and "cleaner" greywater) as well as lowering sewage system maintenance needs. Possibly, an example of how TRIZ "separation" principle can be applied.

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62. rickhess99.medium.com rickhess99.medium.com
1. I've got serious reservations about this Gerst fellow. His answers are too vague and contain too many bald assertions. The form of his answers fits what I've noticed to be a "style" of regressives seeking to promote obsolete traditions and social norms.

Granted, it's difficult to present precise information in "interview format" articles like this one, but education is too important to get get wrong - again.

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63. forum.obsidian.md forum.obsidian.md
1. I use https://hypothes.is/ 55 to annotate web sites and web based pdf’s. I want to easily import them into Obsidian. This script uses the Templater template.

This is another good possibility to hide most of the machinery of connecting hypothesis to obsidian. I like that it takes advantage of relatively robust existing bits of obsidian.

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64. writingcooperative.com writingcooperative.com
1. If the words of legendary samurai Miyamoto Musashi:“If you know the way broadly you will see it in everything.”

This is analogous to how I see systems everywhere, having studied them for a couple of decades.

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65. github.com github.com
1. Export/takeout for your personal Hypothes.is data: annotations and profile information.

Python batch-file approach for exporting from hypothesis.

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66. github.com github.com
1. exporting hypothesis annotations to obsidian (markdown files)

CLI-based method for batch exporting hypothesis annotations in markdown suitable for adding to Obsidian. I'm not sure I like it; the idea of batch-filing the process irks me. I would prefer for it to all happen in the background.

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67. github.com github.com
1. This is a plugin for Obsidian (https://obsidian.md). It allows you to open and annotate PDF and EPUB files. The plugin is based on https://web.hypothes.is/, but modified to store the annotations in a local markdown file instead of on the internet.

This has possibilities because it backgrounds a lot of the heavy lifting by saving the annotation to a local markdown file.