345 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. I have about fourteen or sixteen weeks to do this, so I'm breaking the course into an "intro" section that covers some basic stuff like affordances, and other insights into how tech functions. There's a section on AI which is nothing but critical appraisals on AI from a variety of areas. And there's a section on Social Media, which is the most well formed section in terms of readings.

      https://zirk.us/@shengokai/109440759945863989

      If the individuals in an environment don't understand or perceive the affordances available to them, can the interactions between them and the environment make it seem as if the environment possesses agency?

      cross reference: James J. Gibson book The Senses Considered as Perceptual Systems (1966)


      People often indicate that social media "causes" outcomes among groups of people who use it. Eg: Social media (via algorithmic suggestions of fringe content) causes people to become radicalized.

  2. Nov 2022
    1. Remember there are two kinds of variable. Internal Variables and Environment Variables. PATH should be an environment variable.

      In my case, I was trying to debug which asdf not finding asdf, in a minimal shell.

      I had checked bash-5.1$ echo $PATH|grep asdf /home/tyler/.asdf/bin

      but ```

      The PATH environment variable

      env | /bin/grep PATH `` being empty was the key discovery here. Must have forgotten theexport`.

    2. All shells should tell you that your path is the same thing with BOTH of the two commands: # The PATH variable echo "$PATH" # The PATH environment variable env | /bin/grep PATH
    1. That’s fine and dandy if you’re running in production and have a publicly accessible address such as your domain name but what about during development?You can’t just tell Stripe to access http://localhost because that address isn’t publicly accessible to the internet.
  3. Oct 2022
    1. https://www.loom.com/share/a05f636661cb41628b9cb7061bd749ae

      Synopsis: Maggie Delano looks at some of the affordances supplied by Tana (compared to Roam Research) in terms of providing better block-based user interface for note type creation, search, and filtering.


      These sorts of tools and programmable note implementations remind me of Beatrice Webb's idea of scientific note taking or using her note cards like a database to sort and search for data to analyze it and create new results and insight.

      It would seem that many of these note taking tools like Roam and Tana are using blocks and sub blocks as a means of defining atomic notes or database-like data in a way in which sub-blocks are linked to or "filed underneath" their parent blocks. In reality it would seem that they're still using a broadly defined index card type system as used in the late 1800s/early 1900s to implement a set up that otherwise would be a traditional database in the Microsoft Excel or MySQL sort of fashion, the major difference being that the user interface is cognitively easier to understand for most people.

      These allow people to take a form of structured textual notes to which might be attached other smaller data or meta data chunks that can be easily searched, sorted, and filtered to allow for quicker or easier use.

      Ostensibly from a mathematical (or set theoretic and even topological) point of view there should be a variety of one-to-one and onto relationships (some might even extend these to "links") between these sorts of notes and database representations such that one should be able to implement their note taking system in Excel or MySQL and do all of these sorts of things.

      Cascading Idea Sheets or Cascading Idea Relationships

      One might analogize these sorts of note taking interfaces to Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). While there is the perennial question about whether or not CSS is a programming language, if we presume that it is (and it is), then we can apply the same sorts of class, id, and inheritance structures to our notes and their meta data. Thus one could have an incredibly atomic word, phrase, or even number(s) which inherits a set of semantic relationships to those ideas which it sits below. These links and relationships then more clearly define and contextualize them with respect to other similar ideas that may be situated outside of or adjacent to them. Once one has done this then there is a variety of Boolean operations which might be applied to various similar sets and classes of ideas.

      If one wanted to go an additional level of abstraction further, then one could apply the ideas of category theory to one's notes to generate new ideas and structures. This may allow using abstractions in one field of academic research to others much further afield.

      The user interface then becomes the key differentiator when bringing these ideas to the masses. Developers and designers should be endeavoring to allow the power of complex searches, sorts, and filtering while minimizing the sorts of advanced search queries that an average person would be expected to execute for themselves while also allowing some reasonable flexibility in the sorts of ways that users might (most easily for them) add data and meta data to their ideas.


      Jupyter programmable notebooks are of this sort, but do they have the same sort of hierarchical "card" type (or atomic note type) implementation?

    1. In a recent paper published in Nature Climate Change, scientists found that major sea-level rise from the melting of the Greenland ice cap is now ‘inevitable’ even if the burning of fossil fuels were to halt overnight. Using satellite observations of Greenland ice loss and ice cap from 2000 to 2019, the team found the losses will lead to a minimum rise of 27 cm regardless of climate change.

      A great example of the lag that large, complex systems exhibit when responding to significant input changes.

      Lag is something that humans are woefully weak at recognizing and understanding. This, and other systems concepts are what we need to add to the curriculum at all levels of education, to change this very significant shortcoming of "common knowledge".

  4. Sep 2022
    1. The idea here isn’t to actually protect each grain of rice, or salmon, or squirrel, as if it’s a human being.

      Then why is the rice itself "pressing the lawsuit?"

    2. The most obvious change would be to the local area — it would be a blow to the continued use of the Line 3 pipeline, which has been operational since October of last year.

      What would be the potential effects to the surrounding area and the people living in it?

    3. by writing it into the law, you’re saying that you think nature’s personhood is just as valid as, say, tax law.

      Nature is a physical thing. It does have a conscience, a psyche, or whatever you'd like to call it. It cannot argue for itself in a court of law. Why would the proceeds go to nature and not to the indigenous folk that land was stolen from?

    4. t might sound unusual, but we’ve used conceptual versions of what a person is in law for quite some time — corporations, schools and law firms, for example, are all technically allowed to enter into contracts as if they were singular human beings.

      Corporations, schools, and law firms all have people in them affected by law. Rice is significantly different from a company.

    5. But can wild rice sue a state agency? The short answer is: yes. This is the story about what might happen if rice wins.

      What does the rice win? Money? What's it going to do, spend it on jewelry?

    1. “Colors are cultural creations and they’re kind of shifting all the time, sort of like tectonic plates. Color is not a precise thing. It’s changing, it’s living, it’s constantly being redefined and argued over and that’s part of the magic of it!”

      Everything ever created has social rules and associations, even things as natural as color.

    2. The color blue became associated with Mary and rose in prominence.

      When did blue start to be considered a "male" color?

    3. It was only with the rise of Christianity and the cult of the Virgin Mary that blue became fashionable in the West.

      That's interesting. I've always though of blue as the universally loved color, for all of civilization.

    4. This green pigment was derived from a compound copper arsenite which is incredibly toxic — and  that a piece of Scheele’s green wallpaper that was only a few inches long had enough arsenic to kill two adults.

      Why use a pigment so toxic? It seems that the cons outweigh the pros in this situation.

    5. political turmoil in the Mediterranean where it was manufactured

      Why was a color so politically controversial?

    6. When squeezed or prodded, this gland produces a single drop of clear garlic-smelling liquid that when exposed to sunlight, turns from green to blue, and then finally to a dark reddish purple.

      I wonder how the sunlight affected a clear liquid this way?

    7. eams that wore red during matches statistically did better than they should have

      This is a statistic I have heard for years and years as a soccer player. To extent it seems to be "true": for example, a team I used to play against called the Mustangs wore red, and they were consistently one of the top teams inn the league. However, another team called the Islanders who also wore red consistently ranked near the bottom. I believe this is a myth, somewhat of a placebo effect.

    1. By some estimates, one-quarter of all power outages are squirrel-related.

      Is there any way to prevent squirrels from chewing on wires or even having access to them at all?

    2. No one stopped to wonder if there could be such a thing as too many squirrels, which might have been a mistake.

      Why wasn't overpopulation an original concern? A few dozen growing to 5000 in a few years seems to be a tipoff.

    3. People would hunt birds of prey because they were considered “mean.” Meanwhile, other animals like pigeons and squirrels were considered peaceful.

      Predators vs. prey? Eliminating "threats"

    4. at least: certain kinds of animals.

      Interesting how humans pick and choose which species are worth our protection.

    5. the idea of populating them with squirrels traveled, too.

      It makes sense but somehow I never would have thought that squirrels were brought into the city by humans.

    6. you could walk through a place like Boston or Philadelphia or Manhattan and you would not see a single squirrel

      How did they wind up in urban society?

    7. grey squirrels are so much a part of the urban fabric that for a long time, it never occurred to anyone to study urban squirrels at all

      They are such a regular part of life that they go unquestioned. They become a part of the background and we grow accustomed to their behavior, so it doesn't occur to us to look closer in to it.

  5. Aug 2022
    1. actors in the motion capture suits, referred to as zhongzhiren in Chinese and naka no hito in Japanese

      “Person in the Middle” name for virtual environment actors

      It refers to the person at the center of the technology fulfilling the physical aspects of the virtual world — the person in the motion capture suit.

  6. Jul 2022
    1. Suzanne Njeri, from Kenya, vice-president of the African Women Fish Processors and Traders Network, which has members from 44 out of 54 African countries, said coastal fishing communities needed “a seat at the table” and were too often sidelined.“We want policymakers to talk with us, not for us,” said Njeri. “We see the damage to the fish breeding grounds. We are the ones who fight malnutrition. We need more practitioners here to tell their stories.”

      I have read and heard so many times about the exclusion of the actual players and citizens of this world that climate crisis is affecting the most. Their concerns and their issues that reflect the knowledge of the environment and how the natural system is changing as a result of over-fishing and over production.

  7. May 2022
  8. Mar 2022
    1. two-thirds of common large moth species have declined over the last 40 years in some parts of world. One of main reasons for the decline is light pollution (an increase in artificial light in moth habitats).

      Artificial Light pollution endangering moth species

    1. I am going to use 2 packages and each has its own approach.Using viper → here we use viper to read from configuration file config.yml and also from environment variables.Using godotenv and os package from GO together → here we use godotenv to read from .env file and os to read from environment variables.** I prefer the first approach of using viper, since it is more professional way of handling configuration files and environment variables together than having 2 separate packages for either of the tasks as in the 2nd approach.
  9. Feb 2022
    1. Nursing professionals are facing with severe sleep problems during the covid 19 pandemic time. Nurses were asked to work in an environment that had a more increased level of risk than ever before. Depression and anxiety from the workplace could affect the confidence of healthcare workers in themselves as well as general trust in the healthcare system. This will lead to their turnover intention which may undermine the efforts of the governments to control the COVID-19 pandemic. The rising concern may change the working schedules of healthcare workers, offering more occupational healthcare support.

  10. Jan 2022
    1. What Alexander had found is that we’ve fundamentally misunderstood what addiction is. It isn’t a moral failing. It isn’t a disease. Addiction is an adaptation to your environment. It’s not you; it’s the cage you live in.”

      This is a fascinating thesis to follow up on. How about digital distractions and addictions to the internet and social media?

      We'll need some harder science to follow up on it than this piece.

  11. Nov 2021
    1. collaboration within a community of people: diverse perspectives, active engagement

      Similar ideas here: Stephen Downes (2015). Design Elements in a Personal Learning Environment. Invited talk, Guadalajara, Mexico. https://www.slideshare.net/Downes/design-elements-in-a-personal-learning-environment-52303224

      What makes an 'online course' different to an 'online learning community'?

    2. a system that lets people compose structure

      We all think in different ways, so a good system for learning should enable every learner to structure their learning environment uniquely.

    1. https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2021/10/evangelical-trump-christians-politics/620469/

      Evangelical Christians have been held together more by political orientation and sociology than they have by a common theology. This has set them up for a schism which has been exacerbated by Donald J. Trump, COVID-19, and social changes.

      Similar to Kurt's quote, "We go to church to see and be seen", too many churches are focused on entertainment and being an ongoing institution that they aren't focusing on their core mission. This is causing problems in their overall identity.

      Time at church and in religious study is limited, but cable news, social media, and other distractions are always on and end up winning out.

      People are more likely to change their church because of politics than to change their politics because of church.

      The dichotomy of maleness and femaleness compound the cultural issues of the evangelical church.

      Southernization of the Church

      Pastors leaving the profession due to issues with a hostile work environment. Some leaving because parishioners are organizing and demanding they be fired.

      Peter Wehner looks at the rifts that are appearing in the Christian evangelical movement in America, some are issues that have been building for a while, while others are exaggerated by Donald J. Trump, the coronavirus, the culture wars, political news, political beliefs, and and hypocrisy.

  12. Oct 2021
  13. Sep 2021
    1. I had seen other residents at the Y.M.C.A. do

      Blending in to belong to the new place, Copying actions, behaviour

    2. The Student Guide to North America,"

      Going to America, the narrator immediately starts to inform himself on the new country and culture. His descriptions change as well. He notices cultural differences etc. of the US.

    1. Continual engagement with the mental rigors of modern life coincided in many parts of the world with improving nutrition, rising living conditions and reduced exposure to pathogens. These factors produced a century-long climb in average I.Q. scores — a phenomenon known as the Flynn effect, after James Flynn, the political philosopher who identified it.

      The Flynn effect is the substantial and sustained increase in intelligence test scores over most of the twentieth century.

      Research seems to indicate that the effect is environmentally caused: https://www.pnas.org/content/115/26/6674

    1. You can help make Node.js and browsers more unified. For example, Node.js has util.promisify, which is commonly used. I don’t understand why such an essential method is not also available in browsers. In turn, browsers have APIs that Node.js should have. For example, fetch, Web Streams (The Node.js stream module is awful), Web Crypto (I’ve heard rumors this one is coming), Websockets, etc.
    2. The main reason I love Node.js is that I don’t have to deal with the awfulness that is JS front-end tooling.
    1. “There is a shrinking pool of candidates to own stock in public coal companies,” said Mr. Stetson, whose company is publicly traded.
    2. Meanwhile, the value of an exchange-traded fund of global coal companies has lost nearly 40% of its value since Mr. Trump’s inauguration, as the value of the S&P 500 index increased by about half.
    3. Meanwhile the rise of “ESG” or environmental, social and governance investing is constricting the industry’s ability to obtain capital, current and former executives say. As major investors such as JPMorgan Chase & Co. and BlackRock Inc., the world’s largest asset manager, turn away from coal over concerns about climate change, coal companies are struggling to secure the insurance they need to operate. That hurts not only companies that mine the thermal coal used to generate electricity, but also those that mine metallurgical coal to make steel. Contura Energy Inc., one of the nation’s largest producers of coal for steelmaking, has seen insurers and bonding providers flee the industry over the past two years. “If they can cut off your financing, they cut off your ability to function as a company,” said David Stetson, the Tennessee-based company’s chief executive. He and other executives expect to see more American coal companies go private in coming years. Firms such as Westmoreland Coal Co. and Cloud Peak that were publicly traded before filing for bankruptcy are emerging as private entities or selling assets to private firms.
  14. Aug 2021
    1. Amazing that the role of the catalytic converter is overlooked here. Those were added to reduce pollution - but mainly from unburned hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide, which created visible pollution that people could readily see and understand. NOT because of popular demand to "get the lead out". So they were mandated.And it happened that they couldn't be used with leaded gas - they stopped being effective and gave off a rotten egg stench if you did. So they were made mandatory - again, not in order to eliminate lead, but to reduce visible pollution. Yes, of course, reduced lead was recognized as a side benefit, but was not the primary motivator for public acceptance.

      Interesting remark: Lead-reduction in fuel was a by-product of catalytic converters.

  15. Jul 2021
  16. Jun 2021
    1. The globalThis property provides a standard way of accessing the global this value (and hence the global object itself) across environments. Unlike similar properties such as window and self, it's guaranteed to work in window and non-window contexts. In this way, you can access the global object in a consistent manner without having to know which environment the code is being run in.
  17. May 2021
    1. Peccia, J., Zulli, A., Brackney, D. E., Grubaugh, N. D., Kaplan, E. H., Casanovas-Massana, A., Ko, A. I., Malik, A. A., Wang, D., Wang, M., Weinberger, D. M., & Omer, S. B. (2020). SARS-CoV-2 RNA concentrations in primary municipal sewage sludge as a leading indicator of COVID-19 outbreak dynamics. MedRxiv, 2020.05.19.20105999. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.05.19.20105999

  18. Apr 2021
  19. Mar 2021
    1. “There is very little incentive for Microsoft to make a significant change to features that are used extremely widely by the rest of the massive community of Excel users.”

      Microsoft did the right thing here. Most users are not geneticists and they rely on automatic date conversion.

    1. If JavaScript were detached from the client and server platforms, the pressure of being a monoculture would be lifted — the next iteration of the JavaScript language or run-time would no longer have to please every developer in the world, but instead could focus on pleasing a much smaller audience of developers who love JavaScript and thrive with it, while enabling others to move to alternative languages or run-times.
    2. As to opinions about the shortcomings of the language itself, or the standard run-times, it’s important to realize that every developer has a different background, different experience, different needs, temperament, values, and a slew of other cultural motivations and concerns — individual opinions will always be largely personal and, to some degree, non-technical in nature.
    1. As a simple example of a basic runtime system, the runtime system of the C language is a particular set of instructions inserted into the executable image by the compiler. Among other things, these instructions manage the process stack, create space for local variables, and copy function-call parameters onto the top of the stack. There are often no clear criteria for deciding which language behavior is considered inside the runtime system versus which behavior is part of the source program. For C, the setup of the stack is part of the runtime system, as opposed to part of the semantics of an individual program, because it maintains a global invariant that holds over all executions. This systematic behavior implements the execution model of the language
    1. The ECMAScript standard does not include any input/output (I/O), such as networking, storage, or graphics facilities. In practice, the web browser or other runtime system provides JavaScript APIs for I/O.
    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2020, November 5). In 4 days: SciBeh workshop ‘Building an online information environment for policy relevant science’ Join us! Topics: Crisis open science, interfacing to policy, online discourse, tools for research curation talks, panels, hackathons https://t.co/SPeD5BVgj3… I https://t.co/kQClhpHKx5 [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1324286406764744704

  20. Feb 2021
    1. STATSD_SAMPLE_RATE: (default: 1.0)

      It's recommended to configure this library by setting environment variables.

      The thing I don't like about configuration via environment variables is that everything is limited/reduced to the string type. You can't even use simple numeric types, let alone nice rich value objects like you could if configuration were done in the native language (Ruby).

      If you try to, you get:

      ENV['STATSD_SAMPLE_RATE'] = 1
      config/initializers/statsd.rb:8:in `[]=': no implicit conversion of Integer into String (TypeError)
      
  21. Jan 2021
    1. Investors also remain sceptical as to whether Rio has committed to the cultural change needed after it destroyed 46,000-year-old rock shelters at Juukan Gorge in the Pilbara

      Investors aren't the only ones.

    1. The past few years seems to have be a race between Microsoft and various players in the Linux world to see who can produce the worst abomination of a UI. It's as if there's been a ritualistic burning of the UI design rule book that led to many years of largely stable and consistent user experience across all platforms
  22. Dec 2020
    1. Note that preload will run both on the server side and on the client side. It may therefore not reference any APIs only present in the browser.
  23. Nov 2020
    1. But what if you want a runtime with some features? what if you want, say, a runtime with very powerful coroutine support? The answer is: you write Go.
    2. Notably, LLVM and JVM are by far the most prominent targets in this scenario: they’re both open-source and well-documented targets that provide a ton of firepower, and there frankly aren’t a ton of other options.
    3. The environment in which an executing program operates is sometimes called its “runtime env