167 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. spend the whole day doing rounds of the different camps and offices, butreceived no word about Sakina’s whereabouts. At night he would pray forthe success of the young men

      Chronological organization of events. The sheer need to get answers is killing him

    2. Sirajuddin wanted to cry, but his eyes would not cooperate. Who knewwhere all the tears had gone?

      Just like Sakina, his tears were gone. Rhetorically asking where both had gone. Once again, sensory imagery/personification of the eyes as they were not cooperating. Additionally, this shows depth to Sirajuddin in how we wants to express emotion.

    3. ‘Sakina, Sakina.’

      Name of main character's daughter

    4. Old Sirajuddin

      Main character is old.



  2. Jan 2023
    1. And misunderstandings so easily occur here, when we're talking about encodings, but not those encodings, the other encoding, which is really charset. And it's especially hard because you can't visually tell the difference and in so many cases everything still works even though it is wrong.
  3. Nov 2022
    1. The btoa() function takes a JavaScript string as a parameter. In JavaScript strings are represented using the UTF-16 character encoding: in this encoding, strings are represented as a sequence of 16-bit (2 byte) units. Every ASCII character fits into the first byte of one of these units, but many other characters don't. Base64, by design, expects binary data as its input. In terms of JavaScript strings, this means strings in which each character occupies only one byte. So if you pass a string into btoa() containing characters that occupy more than one byte, you will get an error, because this is not considered binary data:
    2. If you need to encode Unicode text as ASCII using btoa(), one option is to convert the string such that each 16-bit unit occupies only one byte.
    1. Mono doesn't have that glyph, so what you're seeing is that that symbol is being used from another font to be able to show something
    1. To check whether the music symbol ♫ is being displayed in a string (if it is not being displayed on some devices), you can try measuring the string width; if width == 0 then the symbol is absent.
    2. I want to check if the String I am about to display can be displayed by my custom font.
    3. I can't find a method to check if my Typeface can display a particular String though.
    1. Thus the replacement character is now only seen for encoding errors, such as invalid UTF-8.
    2. At one time the replacement character was often used when there was no glyph available in a font for that character. However, most modern text rendering systems instead use a font's .notdef character, which in most cases is an empty box (or "?" or "X" in a box[5]), sometimes called a "tofu" (this browser displays 􏿾). There is no Unicode code point for this symbol.
    3. Consider a text file containing the German word für (meaning 'for') in the ISO-8859-1 encoding (0x66 0xFC 0x72). This file is now opened with a text editor that assumes the input is UTF-8. The first and last byte are valid UTF-8 encodings of ASCII, but the middle byte (0xFC) is not a valid byte in UTF-8. Therefore, a text editor could replace this byte with the replacement character symbol to produce a valid string of Unicode code points. The whole string now displays like this: "f�r".
    4. The replacement character � (often displayed as a black rhombus with a white question mark) is a symbol found in the Unicode standard at code point U+FFFD in the Specials table. It is used to indicate problems when a system is unable to render a stream of data to a correct symbol.[4] It is usually seen when the data is invalid and does not match any character:
    1. No, there is no “glyph not found” character. Different programs use different graphic presentations. An empty narrow rectangle is a common rendering, but not the only one. It could also be a rectangle with a question mark in it or with the code number of the character, in hexadecimal, in it.
    2. The glyph-not-found character is specified by the font engine and by the font; there is no fixed character for it.
    3. By the way, I am not talking about � (replacement character). This one is displayed when a Unicode character could not be correctly decoded from a data stream. It does not necessarily produce the same glyph:
    4. replacement glyph
    5. missing glyph
    6. There is no standardized look/glyph, it’s up to the implementation
    7. U+25A1 □ WHITE SQUARE may be used to represent a missing ideograph

      apparently distinct from: Unicode replacement character (U+FFFD)

    1. A character exists, but the glyph to display it isn't available.
    2. The character does not exist. Proposed solutions include encoding the character, markup for individual characters, and Private Use Codepoints.
    3. The character exists in Unicode/ISO 10646, but not in the character encoding used for the document. In this case, use Numeric Character References (NCRs, example: 噸).
    1. I want to be able to detect if the font used can display a certain character or not
    2. However after doing a bit of testing I see that this character is not used to represent missing glyphs on either my Windows 7 computer or the Android phone I've tested with (Motorola Atrix).
    3. The Unicode replacement character sounds promising when reading about it on Wikipedia: It is used to indicate problems when a system is not able to render a stream of data to a correct symbol. It is most commonly seen when a font does not contain a character, but is also seen when the data is invalid and does not match any character
    1. Type designers usually do not create new characters, i.e. the meanings of those pictures, or, more technically put, ‘the smallest component of written language that has semantic value.’ We don’t invent alphabets, we merely re-interpret existing ones.
    2. Type designers create new glyphs, i.e. pictures representing characters.
    3. Characters versus glyphs
    4. A glyph can also represent more than one character at once. Take an f_f_f ligature as an example. It represents three f characters in a row. Ligatures do not have Unicodes, because the separate characters already have codes and the the fact that it’s a ligature does not change the meaning of its parts.
    5. What if you want to share the same glyph shape between two Unicode values? There are a few situation where you would need that. E.g., the symbol increment U+2206 and the Greek letter Delta U+0394 should look the same. There is a similar issue with Ohm U+2126 and Omega U+03A9. Or, you are creating an all-caps font. Or you simply want to reuse the same space glyph for both the space U+0020 and non-breaking space U+00A0.
    1. Characters are logical text units identified by Unicode codepoints, whereas glyphs are graphical font units. The distinction between character and glyph is critical to understanding FontLab, and fonts in general.
    2. A Glyphset is the glyph repertoire of a font, i.e. all glyphs present in the font. The old term for this repertoire was “character set”, but it is misleading because in modern font technology, a font is a collection of glyphs, not a collection of characters.
  4. Oct 2022
    1. These words were a sufficient explication of the scene. The nature of his phrenzy, as described by my uncle, was remembered. I who had sought death, was now thrilled with horror because it was near. Death in this form, death from the hand of a brother, was thought upon with undescribable repugnance. In a state thus verging upon madness, my eye glanced upon Carwin. His astonishment appeared to have struck him motionless and dumb. My life was in danger, and my brother’s hand was about to be embrued in my blood. I firmly believed that Carwin’s was the instigation. I could rescue me from this abhorred fate; I could dissipate this tremendous illusion; I could save my brother from the perpetration of new horrors, by pointing out the devil who seduced him; to hesitate a moment was to perish. These thoughts gave strength to my limbs, and energy to my accents: I started on my feet. “O brother! spare me, spare thyself: There is thy betrayer. He counterfeited the voice and face of an angel, for the purpose of destroying thee and me. He has this moment confessed it. He is able to speak where he is not. He is leagued with hell, but will not avow it; yet he confesses that the agency was his.”

      There's so much in this chapter. Firstly prudent reasoning from Carwin vs religious enthusiasm indirectly clashes in this emotion heated scene. Carwin has confessed his sins. Wieland escaped prison again to sacrifice Clara in his belief that the voice he hears is a divine messenger. Clara had thought of commiting suicide before Carwin's confessions, but once Wieland appears, she dreads the thought of dieing. The atmosphere has such eerie gothic elements. On the other hand there's a lot of character development, all 3 have changed a lot which makes them dynamic characters. Carwin seeks to clear up everything he had done out of guilt. Wieland had gone insane. But the most dramatic change is within Clara, who everyone adored, percieved as pure, brave and just and now - even though she just heard from Carwin that he had not made Wieland murder his family, Clara turns on him with a lie, a religious reasoning to save herself from her brother and to make his brother realize that "the divine messenger" is unreal. Clara is trying to use a possibly deadly trick on the two men. All three characters has reached a big turning point.

  5. Sep 2022
    1. Where Hygd to him tendered treasure and kingdom, Rings and dominion: her son she not trusted, Heardred’s lack of capacity to rule. To be able to keep the kingdom devised him 60 ’Gainst alien races, on the death of King Higelac. Yet the sad ones succeeded not in persuading the atheling Beowulf’s tact and delicacy recalled. In any way ever, to act as a suzerain To Heardred, or promise to govern the kingdom; Yet with friendly counsel in the folk he sustained him, 65 Gracious, with honor, till he grew to be older, Wielded the Weders

      Despite Hygd's distrust of Heardred to effectively rule the kingdom, Beowulf refuses to usurp his power.

    2. a 65 Dragon, to govern, who guarded a treasure, The fire-drake. A high-rising stone-cliff, on heath that was grayish

      Enter the dragon

    3. “So the belovèd land-prince lived in decorum; I had missed no rewards, no meeds of my prowess, But he gave me jewels, regarding my wishes, Healfdene his bairn; I’ll bring them to thee, then, 5 Atheling of earlmen, offer them gladly. All my gifts I lay at thy feet. And still unto thee is all my affection: But few of my folk-kin find I surviving But thee, dear Higelac!”

      Beowulf freely gives all his treasure to Hygelac

    4. Thrytho nursed anger

      Norton: "Queen Modthryth: "The story of Queen Modthryth's vices is abruptly introduced as a foil to Queen Hygd's virtues."

    5. weaver-of-peace

      oh, whoa, peace-weaver, I believe we can make it thru the ni-ight!

    6. Hrethel’s son Higelac at home there remaineth

      Enter Hygelac

    7. Grieve not, O wise one! for each it is better, His friend to avenge than with vehemence wail him

      Interesting sentiment in the context of Grendel's mother's motivation

  6. Aug 2022
  7. www.janeausten.pludhlab.org www.janeausten.pludhlab.org
    1. she had a value for rank and consequence

      This is really hard for a modern reader to understand. Austen has just said how sensible Lady Russell is but she too panders to Sir Walter. This may be part of the reason she rejects Wentworth for Anne; true, he didn't have money but he also wasn't important enough - were he a penniless titled person I bet she would have supported the match. Austen excels at writing well rounded complex characters, she often pokes fun at their inconsistencies.

  8. www.janeausten.pludhlab.org www.janeausten.pludhlab.org
    1. she was only Anne.

      We are hearing the echo of Sir Walter and Elizabeth's opinions/words. This is a strange introduction for the main character, she is ignored and secondary. Chapter 1 focuses on Sir Walter and then the family context, Chapters 2 and 3 are a group setting (and people finally speak). A first time reader may not identify Anne as the main character till chapter 4 when the text pivots to focus on her. In chapter 1 we hear of Elizabeth's disappointment with Mr Elliot but the history with Wentworth is hidden till Anne is alone. Modern texts tend to have more active, vibrant main characters (like Lizzy Bennet) who have agency and push the story forward through their choices and actions. Fanny Price in Mansfield Park is another good example of the sort of main character modern readers struggle with.

  9. Jul 2022
    1. My head was as red as a lobster; but, in other respects, I was as nicely dressed for the ceremonies of the evening as a man need be.

      What's the role of self-deprecating humor in this novel, especially on the part of Betteredge the 'house-steward' narrator/character? So far, no other narrators/characters self consciously make fun of themselves, although Betteredge will describe the silliness or odd behavior of other characters. Which ones are not "clownish" and why? And how do these descriptions affect readers' judgements about various characters' reliability about the information and observations they offer?

  10. Jun 2022
    1. We are used to instant gratification. Multiple opportunities for engagement and distraction surround us. If the result we are after does not come immediately, it is easy to seek an alternate path. An economy built on fast food, same-day home delivery, open all hours service model feeds our desire for instant results. Buy now, pay later, why wait when you can have it now.?

      We need to slow down - in every aspect of our lives - so we can attend to the present more thoughtfully, seriously, and appreciatively. Now will never happen again.

    2. “Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not; nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not; the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent. The slogan Press On! has solved and always will solve the problems of the human race.” - Calvin Coolidge

      This is clearly a political statement intended to get more people to contribute to the country's economy. It is, however, woefully wrong in the broader sense.

      Persistence does matter, but it isn't "omnipotent". Persistence, like education, can and should be acquired. But without talent and intelligence (and curiosity, and honour, and truthfulness, and...), persistence alone will not suffice.

  11. Mar 2022
    1. pratik This may be too late to be a Micro Camp topic but does anyone knows if any UX research exists on the ideal post length for a timeline view? Twitter has 280 chars (a remnant from SMS). I think FB truncates after 400 chars. But academic abstracts are 150-300 words (not chars).

      @pratik Mastodon caps at 500 as a default. The information density of the particular language/character set is certainly part of the calculus.

      Here's a few to start (and see their related references): - https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/How-Constraints-Affect-Content%3A-The-Case-of-Switch-Gligoric-Anderson/de77e2b6abae20a728d472744557d722499efef5 - https://www.nature.com/articles/s41599-019-0280-3

  12. Jan 2022
    1. Those who live for long periods under subjection of others tend to develop slavishness, a mental torpor difficult to dispel.
    1. Matalan, a Brahmin and a friend of Kovalan, functions like the chorus in Greek tragedy. He appears in two cantos, the Madurai Kantam and Vanchi Kantam, and provides the link to all the events that happen offstage. In Adaikalakathai (chapter on refuge), we come to know of all the noble qualities possessed by Kovalan, courtesy Matalan.

      Role of Matalan in Silappadikaram

      => who functions like Matalan in greek tragedy? => matalan appears in which 2 kantams (cantos) ?

      • like in telugu superhero films 'ayina evru thelsa'
  13. Dec 2021
    1. In 2022, successful business leaders will need to address the continued disruption from the last couple of years and will do so through four human-centric strategies. All of them elevate the importance of individuals. All of them improve the employee-employer relationship. All of them test the degree to which leaders embrace innovative management styles. All of them will impact the company's ability to retain and recruit top talent. And all of them have an impact on a business's bottom line

      It seems like them uncertainty in the world today makes need of higher quality relationships between the employers and their boss as they cannot find it in the systems to the same degree. It will be a time when the character of the leader is tested and the leader will then be in need of a greater input from God or an external source which is stable.

    1. The Lady of Shalott.

      Tennyson's poem talks a lot about how this mysterious lady is cursed. The article below talks about the origins of this "cursed" character. Article

    1. In a crime, the victim accuses the villain. But when the villain counter-accuses the victim, and insists the victim is villain too, we call it ‘whataboutery.’

      whataboutery dharma-sankat தர்மசங்கடம்

      • moral ambiguity to who is right and who is wrong

        shows that victims in one context can be villains in another.

      • neologism word used in #20thcentury/later 1900s/1970s
      • context of violence in Northern Ireland.
      • விக்ரம் வேதா
      • system சரி இல்லை
  14. Aug 2021
    1. �Yes, but how will we ever keep track of such a large project?�

      Unsure of the text encoding here. I'm forcing them to be interpreted as Unicode here, hence the appearance of the replacement character. My browser's default is to treat this document as "Central European (Windows)", but in that case, they appear as majuscule and miniscule S-cedilla characters (e.g. Şhypertextş).

      By a reasonable guess, these are supposed to be open and close quotes. I've seen these appear in other TBL-authored documents from the same era.

  15. Jul 2021
    1. sinful

      This is another word that Miss Clack used a lots in her narrative.

    2. devout

      The word "devout" came out a few thing from Miss Clack's narrative. I assume she is a devout Christian?

    3. alas!

      This is one of words that Miss Clack will use, but Betteredge won't use. However, this word also reveals some personality of Miss Clack, by definition, alas means: "an expression of grief, pity, or concern." By this we can assume Miss Clack might be a sentimental person

    4. Bating her lame foot and her leanness (this last a horrid draw-back to a woman, in my opinion), the girl had some pleasing qualities in the eye of a man. A dark, keen, clever face, and a nice clear voice, and a beautiful brown head of hair counted among her merits. A crutch appeared in the list of her misfortunes. And a temper reckoned high in the sum total of her defects.

      more descriptions of women 'from the eye of a man'

    5. In a minute more, Miss Rachel came downstairs–very nicely dressed in some soft yellow stuff, that set off her dark complexion, and clipped her tight (in the form of a jacket) round the waist. She had a smart little straw hat on her head, with a white veil twisted round it. She had primrose-coloured gloves that fitted her hands like a second skin. Her beautiful black hair looked as smooth as satin under her hat. Her little ears were like rosy shells–they had a pearl dangling from each of them. She came swiftly out to us, as straight as a lily on its stem, and as lithe and supple in every movement she made as a young cat. Nothing that I could discover was altered in her pretty face, but her eyes and her lips. Her eyes were brighter and fiercer than I liked to see; and her lips had so completely lost their colour and their smile that I hardly knew them again. She kissed her mother in a hasty and sudden manner on the cheek.

      So many similes

    6. o miserably lean that he looked as if he had not got an ounce of flesh on his bones in any part of him.

      We already know that Betteredge pays close attention to the health (ie weight) of women, but I think this might be the first time (?) we get such a physical description of a male character.

    7. Then she remembered that the Diamond might take to shining of itself, with its awful moony light in the dark

      Description of the Diamond. I'm going to tag this as character description assuming we're calling The Moonstone a character.

    8. If you know anything of the fashionable world, you have heard tell of the three beautiful Miss Herncastles. Miss Adelaide; Miss Caroline; and Miss Julia–this last being the youngest and the best of the three sisters, in my opinion; and I had opportunities of judging, as you shall presently see.

      description of beautiful women by herncastle

    9. They were nearly as big as their brother; spanking, yellow-haired, rosy lasses, overflowing with super-abundant flesh and blood; bursting from head to foot with health and spirits.

      This description is really something. Character description might be interesting to keep in mind later for computational analysis.

  16. Apr 2021
    1. Nevertheless, Milton does not force the issue concerningbelief in God's mere existence, for that is something he simply assumes; forhim God's existence is a premise much more than a conclusion (see YP 6:130-2). In spite of the radical polarities of belief about God in ParadiseLost, its humans and devils and angels are united in this: they all believethat he is

      I'm glad this is brought up. I think its really interesting that Milton, a devout Christian, was able to write something that retold a story from the bible- the characters being Christian icons- without needing to convince the readers that God is real/Christianity is the path to salvation. His intention was not to convert readers, but to write! By carefully crafting PL's character relationships, the importance of faith is naturally conveyed through the dialogue between all characters.

  17. Feb 2021
    1. Algernon sees as the second most important character and as of now he looks like those thypes of character that are charming, however can be very selfish

  18. Jan 2021
    1. Back to reality.] Oh, [gosh], yes! I'd forgotten all about it. [Crap]! Remember my words, Sam? Just when you're enjoying yourself, someone or something will come along and wreck everything.

      Hally is a negative person and she brings around negative energy she gets angry when stuff dont go right for her and say stuff out of anger. She is always angry about something

  19. Dec 2020
    1. So I respond by saying that I will credit their claims if they can show evidence of the following: that in leading their lives today they have stood up for the rights of unpopular victims of injustice whose very humanity is denied, and where they have done so knowing: (1) that it would make them unpopular with their peers, (2) that they would be loathed and ridiculed by powerful, influential individuals and institutions in our society; (3) that they would be abandoned by many of their friends, (4) that they would be called nasty names, and (5) that they would risk being denied valuable professional opportunities as a result of their moral witness. In short, my challenge is to show where they have at risk to themselves and their futures stood up for a cause that is unpopular in elite sectors of our culture today.”

      Know thy self.

  20. Nov 2020
  21. icla2020b.jonreeve.com icla2020b.jonreeve.com
    1. My uncle said he was very sorry he had forgotten

      While a drunk, the uncle seems to can't help himself and all he can do is apologize. I find it interesting, the fact that the characters of this book have multiple dimensions, not necessarily only a bad nor just a good side. This makes them seem very realistic.

  22. Oct 2020
    1. please

      I think this is the first and only time the word 'please' is uttered in the story. And I would not have expected it to come from the young girl. There's something very seemingly obnoxious yet profoundly mysterious about this girl. She pleads to wait in the car, finally not exposed or seen by others. It sounds like her appearance has shaped her life and defined much of her identity thus far, but she's fighting not to let it be everything (e.g., she's seeing through people who are staring at her). Symbolically, when her dark coat, perhaps symbolizing her beauty as a curse rather than a blessing or her rude demeanor, falls, revealing her opposite-colored skin, and, "like a flower... emerging from its dark bud, " she's becoming herself again.

    2. I saw her bag was open again.

      I think it's pretty amazing how Mansfield uses this motif to illustrate the carelessness/lack of responsibility of Mrs. Raddick - it'd be interesting to see if she does this for other ways. Character-development seems like a really hard thing to track/write a program for because every character has different traits and isn't just described by adjectives.

    1. He was a man of about Grant’s age, or a little older. Thick coarse white hair fell over his forehead and his skin was leathery but pale, yellowish-white like an old wrinkled-up kid glove. His long face was dignified and melancholy and he had something of the beauty of a powerful, discouraged, elderly horse. But where Fiona was concerned he was not discouraged.


      Aubrey is a secondary character which is consciously described. The character’s features (eyes, hair) and age signs (wrinkles and skin in general) are described with detail, as well as the colours that are perceived. Most characters are compared with different natural features: here, a horse. Nature is an important element in the story for constant references to the landscape, plants and flowers, weather and seasons can be found.<br> All the characters in the story are consistent, motivated and life-like characters; Audrey is not an exception, his character is a static character.

    1. page one hundred and seventy-eight

      I don't know why it's caught my attention, but I find it funny that it's always page one hundred and something, as if nothing's going on in the first hundred pages (or anywhere else)... Assuming the guy has perused the book through and through as he purports to, it's just odd to me that we keep getting information from the same, narrow range of pages.

      It's a wild guess here, but maybe this is Collins trying to portray Betteredge's character as one who claims to be a know-it-all (Robinson Crusoe, women, the house affairs, etc.) but, really, has such a narrow and restricted view on life that he will always be surprised or caught wrong; that there isn't that much wisdom in him after all.

  23. Sep 2020
    1. I sowed the good seed, in spite of him, by throwing a second tract in at the window of the cab.

      It's just mind-blowing how satisfied she gets from distributing her tracts among random people who could not be clearer about their reluctance to receive them. Clack, much like Betteredge, assumes she knows the depths of people and is so judgmental of the unconventional (e.g., Rachel) but completely fails to recognize that her own behavior is far from being desired, and is, to all eyes, the unconventional and deplorable one.

      I wonder if this is Collins' way to humorously ridicule this phenomenon. More broadly, I wonder if Collins' use of extreme and blatantly hypocritical narrators who inspire hatred (e.g., Clack and Betteredge), is his calling for moderation in society.

  24. Aug 2020
  25. Jun 2020
  26. May 2020
  27. projects.invisionapp.com projects.invisionapp.com
    1. The fact that you can use single character keys without modifiers to invoke functions such as Comment Mode (C) is an example of a violation of a violation of the WCAG 2.1 Success Criterion, 2.1.4 Character Key Shortcuts.

  28. Feb 2020
    1. Mephistophelean character was probably first represented in the figure of the wicked sorcerer Klingsor from the Grail Legend. He attempted to prevent Parsifal from achieving his destiny (to find the Grail) by tricks, wiles, and illusions. But the name “Parsifal” (or “Percival”) means “Pierces the Veil”. Klingsor is the proto-type of today’s “perception manager”. And it’s this that Gebser critiques as “sorceric”. He undoubtedly has Klingsor in mind. There is a similar figure in indigenous folklore called “Spider”, a wicked shaman who, jealous of the Sunboy, traps him, kills him, and dismembers him, and then throws him in a pot. But by the grace of the sun, he is restored and ascends to the Sun and to the light. Spider, of course, corresponds in meaning to what we would call “spin doctor” or “spinner” today.

      Woah. Perception management sorcerer.

  29. Sep 2019
  30. Jul 2019
    1. 发现了!small tilde ~(在网页里它反而是在中间位置)用于注音 波浪号才是我们汉语用的~

  31. Apr 2019
  32. gutenberg.net.au gutenberg.net.au
    1. for the sake of a glimpse of the Miss Beauforts

      Marriage plot again, will Arthur end up with one of the Beauforts?

    2. he made the acquaintance for Sir Edward's sake

      Marriage plot emerges here, Lady Denham wants Sir Edward to marry Miss Lamb for her money

    3. meaning to be the most stylish girls in the place

      Music and drawing, two skills that made women "poplar" or considered properly educated at this time. A theme throughout Austen novels, having these skills made women accomplished and more suited for marriage.

    4. captivate some man of much better fortune than their own.

      Beginning of a marriage plot here? The Miss Beauforts want to marry for money over love. By marrying someone with money it might also help their social standing. This is a similar sentiment that we saw with Mary Crawford in "Mansfield Park" who was all about marrying to elevate her own status.

    5. less clear-sighted and infallible

      Diana's being unable to make mistakes is a trait that reminds me of other Austen characters such as Emma from "Emma." While they both mean well they carry themselves with an sense of being "all knowing" and never wrong.

    6. who had never employed her.

      This just seems like such an odd job to take on when you have not met the person or been asked to do this. In other Austen novels we have seen some characters take on responsibilities without being asked but they normally have to do with relationships such as Emma and her match making n Emma or Lady Catherine de Bourgh getting involved with Darcy and Lizzy's relationship.

    7. the sea air would probably, in her present state, be the death of her

      Seems to be the opposite of what every other character says about sea air

    8. A young West Indian of large fortune

      First character we see who is not from England

    9. the indulgence of an indolent temper,

      Once again we see Charlotte "reading" the true nature of Arthur and seeing beyond the facade. She is very sensible like Elinor in "Sense and Sensibility." And even though she does not always voice how she actually sees people, she and Lizzy Bennet are similar in their directness.

    10. he only wanted it now for Miss Heywood.

      Is this how Arthur flirts with Charlotte? Through toast?

    11. grees with me better than anything."

      This is a very odd dialogue scene. Something that we do not often get in Austen novels. The dialogue has nothing to do with the plot or getting to know the characters better (except about Arthur's weird habits)

    12. I should recommend rather more of it to you than I suspect you are in the habit of taking."

      Here I believe Charlotte sounds a bit like Lizzy Bennet. The two are both direct and tend to not hold back when it comes to being sassy or saying something that could be seen as controversial.

    13. I am very nervous.

      His "nervousness" is similar to Mrs. Bennet from P&P and maybe even Mr. Woodhouse from Emma?

    14. from one of my sisters. They never fail me. Women are the only correspondents to be depended on

      Mr. Parker whines and complains about his brother not responding to him promptly -- which shows that he gets anxious and nervous easily, and his declarations about women just based on how fast Diana responds to letter is again, over-generalizing.

    15. Our ancestors, you know, always built in a hole

      Again, Mr. Parker talks a lot, but always makes unnecessary or irrelevant generalizations. Most of his utterances are completely unrelated to each other and the current topic at hand, yet he says them in an absolutely confident and unapologetic manner -- meanwhile it is Charlotte and Mrs. Parker who has to endure his nonsense.

    16. Not a shilling do I receive from the Denham estate. Sir Edward has no payments to make me. He don't stand uppermost, believe me. It is I that help him."

      It is funny (and slightly concerning) that Lady Denham is boasting about the fact that her relatives are poor. She is sharing information that she thinks is impressive but probably won’t be to others.

    17. I could no more mention these things to Lady Denham

      Propriety overrides charity for Mrs. Parker. Likewise, in Austen's novels, many technically beneficial things are not said for fear of violating social decorum. This frustration is expressed by Elinor in Sense and Sensibility, when she could only guess at what others meant through allusions and off-hand comments, and is unable to prod the situation herself. Austen uses this dilemma to show the consequences of always adhering to social rules.

    18. gentlemanlike

      Another case of a landowner and "gentleman farmer" is Mr. Knightley in Emma.

    19. Diana was evidently the chief of the family, principal mover and actor.

      Another single, female character who is the "chief" of the family. We see this type of female character in previous Austen novels such as Mrs. Norris in "Mansfield Park"

    20. impossible for Charlotte not to suspect a good deal of fancy

      As a character, Charlotte has a good read on others people she encounters. This is the case with other Austen characters such as Elizabeth Bennett in "Pride and Prejudice"

  33. Feb 2019
    1. number of character states bracketed by a node could 28be counted, and those which do not optimize as symplesiomorphies of the clade could 29considered as a value of node suppo

      Why differentiating between symplesiomorphies and homoiologies? Both are traits equally exclusive to a subtree (a clade) and closely linked to each other.

      Pink is a symplesiomorphy of the ingroup, blue the homoiology Pic1 Vice versa, blue is the symplesiomorphy, pink the homoiology found only in the most derived (in absolute evolutionary terms) taxa Pic2

  34. Dec 2018
    1. Hillier

      Hillier is the tenant of Mr Parker's old house


    2. poor Mr. Hollis

      Lady Denham obviously favored her second husband over her first, even though Mr. Hollis left her with an inheritance, which is much more useful than a title.

    3. snug-looking

      The Romantic literary movement was obsessed with cottages: see William Wordsworth's poem "The Ruined Cottage" as an example.


    4. Charlotte

      It is strange that Charlotte is accompanying the Parkers when her own parents only just met them. This plot point is similar to the moment that Catherine Morland stays with the Tilneys, even though her family doesn't know them at all.

    5. impropriety

      Miss Diana Parker's request to ask Lady Denham for money for various people that she does not know from a woman she likely does not know very well seems very impolite. Also, considering how little Lady Denham likes to part with her money, Diana's comments would be particularly provoking.

    6. of

      Austen characterizes Mr. Parker as a man with immense pride towards his village. He boasts of the many benefits of Sanditon all while suffering from a sprained ankle.

    7. readily

      This is a mischaracterization of Lady Denham because she is anxious about her finances. She is worried about her existing investment in Sanditon, and she believes that her heir needs find a wealthy spouse.

  35. Sep 2018
    1. feasceaft

      Scyld's origins as "feasceaft," destitute, contrast with his rich conquests later in life: the "meodosetla" he takes (5) and the "gomban" ("tribute," 11) he receives. The opening lines thus establish reversal of fortune as a theme while showing Scyld as a powerful warrior and successful war leader. Edward B. Irving describes how appropriate "the Scyld proem" (as he calls it, 44) is for the rest of the poem in foreshadowing what Beowulf will do and experience, A Reading of Beowulf, 2nd ed. (Provo, UT: The Chaucer Studio, 1999), 44–5. Francis Leneghan argues for the originality of the Scyld episode in “Reshaping Tradition" and argues that Scyld's status as a foundling in a ship and his climb to rule parallels Moses.

    2. Scyld Scefing

      We move from hearing of "Gardena" in general to their exemplar and greatest hero, Scyld Scefing. Roy Liuzza notes that the name means "Shield, Son of Sheaf," in his translation, 2nd ed. (Peterborough, ONT: Broadview Press, 2013), note 2 on page 49. The name connects the Danes' hero with both war ("Shield") and agricultural production ("Sheaf"): he makes his people victorious and well-fed. For more on the name, see Francis Leneghan, “Reshaping Tradition: The Originality of the Scyld Scefing Episode in Beowulf,” in Transmission and Generation in Medieval and Renaissance Literature: Essays in Honour of John Scattergood, edited by Karen Hodder and‎ Brendan O'Connell (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2012), 21–36.

    3. Beowulf wæs breme blæd

      A lovely example of the power of alliteration: Beowulf's name is associated even before the hero appears with fame ("Beowulf was breme") and power or renown ("blæd") using sound.

  36. Jul 2018
  37. course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com
    1. I propose to tell you–in the first place–what is known of the manner in which your cousin met his death; appending to the statement such inferences and conclusions as we are justified (according to my opinion) in drawing from the facts

      Sergeant Cuff's narrative is very straight forward and to the point compared to the others, especially Miss Clack. Because Cuff's intention in this narrative is to relay facts to Franklin, and also because he is a detective, Cuff uses few unnecessary adjectives or "flowery" language. I would be interested in running a POS (Parts of Speech) analysis on Cuff's narrative and compare it to Clack and Betteredge, as well as the rest of the text.

    2. Having heard the story of the past, my next inquiries (still inquiries after Rachel!) advanced naturally to the present time. Under whose care had she been placed after leaving Mr. Bruff’s house? and where was she living now?

      Blake's account of Rachel is clearly distinct form the other narrators because of their romantic past. He mentions her frequently throughout his narrative. I would like to run a frequency count the number of times he mentions Rachel compared tot he rest of the narratives in the book. I wonder if it is possible to isolate the discussions of Rachel in each character's narrative and then do some topic modeling with the extracted texts to examine how Rachel is discussed by each character.

    3. It distressed me, it did indeed distress me, to hear her say that. She was so young and so lonely–and she bore it so well!

      Bruff's impression of Rachel is very different from Miss Clack, but similar to the affectionate tone of Betteredge. I would be interested in running a word frequency count on all of the ways Rachel is described by the different narrators and do a comparison between the words used by the different narrators and also which words they share in her description.

    4. Penelope fired up instantly. “I’ve never been taught to tell lies Mr. Policeman!–and if father can stand there and hear me accused of falsehood and thieving, and my own bed-room shut against me, and my character taken away, which is all a poor girl has left, he’s not the good father I take him for!”

      Penelope has been a compelling and independent character throughout the narrative, from the ways in which she gives insight to the narrative itself , to this moment here. It would be interesting to extract her character descriptions and speech and compare it to the other female characters in the story to see how they are different / similar. I would also be interested in comparing her to the male characters. Would this be something the sentiment analysis could be used for?

  38. Apr 2018
  39. Mar 2018
    1. Am I immortal?

      Winzy repeatedly returns to this question. He is wishing that it is not true, but he knows that Cornelius' elixir did affect him in the way he expected.

    2. to my--no, not my fellow-mortals

      Every time Winzy remembers that he is no longer mortal there is an air of sorrow.

    3. the wife I had sought and won with such perfect love.

      It seems like he has no concept of how unnecessarily dramatic their courtship was.

    4. I became the husband of Bertha.

      This romance is such a fast paced roller coaster of emotions. It's very hard to keep up with the characters and their motives.

    5. Winzy!

      Is this his name, or is that a phrase?

    6. and lifted above all human fears;

      This is fascinating, as it implies that all human fears are derived from love.

    7. he who could not be in two places at once for her sake.

      This girl needs to chill. I have no concept of what her motives are. She's clearly manipulating him, but why? He is having to work hard for his income. There are doubtless other suitors who could give her the lifestyle and attention she desires without having to choose one or the other. Her attitude makes it clear that she isn't interested in him for love either, no matter how much she says she is. She's playing multiple suitors, as evidenced with this Hoffer dude. Clearly she can get almost any man she wants, so why is she bothering the main character?

    8. Though true of heart,

      That statement is so vague, as if he is trying to convince himself that it is true.

  40. Dec 2017
    1. Ironically, research has shown that personality traits are determined largely by heredity and are mostly immutable. The arguably more important traits of character, on the other hand, are more malleable—though, we should note, not without great effort. Character traits, as opposed to personality traits, are based on beliefs (e.g., that honesty and treating others well is important—or not), and though beliefs can be changed, it's far harder than most realize.
  41. Oct 2017
    1. without being conscious of it, have stored up in idea the greater part of those strong marked varieties of human character,

      Unconscious knowledge of human character described by Joanna Baillie, Introductory Discourse

    1. ‘No, you wouldn’t have.’

      Similar to her previous line, this dialogue from the girl introduces us readers to an underling element of negativity. The line is a charged, declarative statement, suggesting that she may not hold her male companion in high esteem. Or at least, is non-receptive to his response. It's a line containing hostility and perhaps even resentment.

      This introduces us to our first experience of conflict between the girl and the American.

  42. Jun 2017
  43. Mar 2017
    1. turning my pale plaster-of-paris bust of Cicero out of doors.

      I'm guessing that the character of Cicero might have some reflection to play in these parts. I'd have to research further to draw up a conclusion.

  44. Dec 2016
  45. Oct 2016
    1. She clenched her fists

      she is a little emotional. i think she will kill him.

    2. hy did he have to say that, about getting it wholesale?

      she seams kinda mean she sounds like a antagonist the center of the conflict.

    3. Otherwise I wouldn't have

      he seems super modest.

  46. Jun 2016
    1. Title: What is it? An oral history of Izzy, the mascot marketing snafu of Olympic proportions - Atlanta Magazine

      Keywords: fantastic mascot—cobi, public appearances—, bob cohn, atlanta-based artist, york city, billy wanted, spanish art, children thought, vice president, senior director, blue blob, acog spokesperson, billy looked, easy character, olympic city, olympic games, olympic bid, question billy

      Summary: <br>Bob Cohn, cofounder of public relations agency Cohn & Wolfe, member of Payne’s mascot committee: In Barcelona in 1992, they had a fantastic mascot—Cobi, who was typical of Spanish art and filled with creativity.<br>Some of them wrote us back letters [that essentially said] “The nerve!” or “We’re not doing anything for nothing.”<br>So it couldn’t be characters that existed in Georgia lore.<br>Somebody sent us a deer.<br>John Ryan, then senior director at DESIGNefx, the animation division of Crawford Communications: The basic job was to design something that would appeal to children and broadly on a world stage.<br>Photograph by Rich Mahan/Atlanta Journal-Constitution via AP<br>It wore five Olympic rings—two on its eyes and three on its tail—and oversized sneakers nearly half the size of its body.<br>Bob Brennan, then ACOG spokesperson: Billy Payne wanted to do something modern, reflective of the technological world we lived in.<br>You had movies like Jurassic Park, Total Recall.<br>Shuman: I received Hi-Rez right at the deadline, a Friday.<br>When Billy looked at that [proposal], he said, “Gee whiz, wow.<br>Payne: As CEO of the Olympic Games, I felt it was both our responsibility and within my authority to make whatever decisions needed to be made.<br>Shuman: By the time I got back on Monday afternoon, Ginger told me Billy had made his decision.<br>Were we raising enough money?<br>Shuman: You didn’t question Billy.<br>Payne: The logical question that you would ask on seeing it is “What is it?” I guess we just said, “Well, we should just put it into one word.”<br>Shuman: The name, Whatizit, was almost worse than the character itself.<br>Does it all run together?<br>Ryan: We had to have [final] designs submitted by March [1992], knowing it’d be debuted in August at the Barcelona Games.<br>It really looked funky.<br>In a huge stadium it can’t be little.<br>Shuman: To generate interest about the mascot, we did these billboards all over town saying, “Whatizit?” We built up this huge anticipation.<br>Ryan: It was made very clear that if secrecy was violated, Crawford could lose future contracts.<br>Photograph courtesy of Harry Shurman<br>Meanwhile an amorphous animated character filled the stadium’s video monitors.<br>Evans: I took the field with Gregg Burge, the famous New York [tap] dancer.<br>Joel Babbit, CEO of the Narrative Content Group, veteran ad exec who worked with Payne to promote the Olympic bid, and City Hall’s first-ever chief marketing and communications officer under Jackson: If Maynard had an opinion, he kept it to himself.<br>“How do you say ‘Whatizit’ in Mandarin?”<br>Like, this is it?<br>Completely and totally horrified.<br>They’re complaining: This is terrible.<br>But [ACOG] had a lot riding on the mascot financially from license sales.<br>Robert Hollander, then ACOG’s vice president of licensing: My heart dropped into my stomach.<br>Hula: It’s something that’s supposed to evoke an image of Atlanta, the host city, and it really didn’t do that at all.<br>We didn’t even think we were compelled to do something that would make somebody in Australia say, “That mascot must be from Atlanta, Georgia.” It never crossed our minds.<br>It was sort of like a bigger Charlotte.<br>Photograph courtesy of R. Land<br>Ronnie Land, an Atlanta-based artist, better known as R. Land, who has made Izzy-inspired art: This was our “Hey, world, we’re Atlanta” moment.<br>LaTara Smith (née Bullock), ACOG’s “project coordinator for Izzy appearances” during the Olympics: I’ve heard everything from toothpaste to blue blob.<br>Hiskey: People were going to focus on the crazy blue thing because there wasn’t a lot of other cool stuff here.<br>Bob Hope, president of Atlanta-based public relations firm Hope-Beckham Inc.: I thought [Billy] briefly lost his mind.<br>Kevin Sack, a New York Times reporter based in Atlanta, wrote in a 1996 story that “[i]t is precisely Izzy’s nothingness that has unwittingly made him an apt symbol for this Olympic city.<br>Whatizit’s costume made Mike Luckovich’s punchline.<br>People were embarrassed [by Whatizit].<br>You wish people would look at the good stuff instead of focusing on the minutiae and losing the big picture.<br>Campbell: I suspect I hurt some people’s feelings.<br>Photograph by Raymond McCrea Jones<br>ACOG officially retired Whatizit in October 1993.<br>It worked.<br>Babbit: I liked the name Izzy.<br>Jacqueline Blum, senior vice president of Film Roman, the animation studio behind The Simpsons, King of the Hill, and Garfield and Friends, which produced an Izzy cartoon for TV: Izzy was a character created by committee.<br>Ryan: You got into a scenario where you have multiple art directors and bosses.<br>Hope: [Izzy was] like New Coke.<br>Smith: Izzy developed a nose.<br>Shuman: We had these stars coming out of his tail at one point.<br>I raised my hand and said, “Maybe not?” They left the shoes the way they are.<br>The costume had to get softer.<br>Evans: Children loved the mascot.<br>I’d guess probably close to 15 percent.<br>Watkins: I’m guessing [the bestselling item] would be the doll that was 12 inches that could be carried under a kid’s arm.<br>Lounge chair pillows.<br>Shuman: Billy wanted to market the shoes.<br>Blum: It’s not a particularly easy character to animate.<br>Hollander: Our broadcast partner, NBC, had gotten out of the children’s program business.<br>Watkins: They created an Izzy balloon that flew in New York City in the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade.<br>Photograph by Caroline C. Kilgore<br>Evans helped create a mascot program that recruited volunteers through auditions.<br>Smith: By the time the Olympics came around, we had upwards of 20 Izzys that could be in different places at one time.<br>I asked [Izzy], “How does one become the mascot?” They were having tryouts the next weekend.<br>Don’t exclude children.<br>For example, Izzy loved everyone, so whether it was a critic or a fan, you didn’t show any negative emotion.<br>Izzy had a size 22 sneaker, so you had to fit your shoe inside Izzy’s shoe, inside another little pocket, and be able to walk around in his big feet.<br>Jay: You entered through the top of his mouth.<br>Smith: A lot of children thought it would be fun to swing on the tail.<br>Evans: The lighting bolt eyebrows and rings on the tail were prime targets for being pulled, punched, or ripped off for a souvenir.<br>Smith: Handlers began watching the perimeter.<br>Photograph courtesy of Harry Shuman<br>Is he still waiting for a shuttle bus?<br>Smith: We took over one of the Olympic headquarters offices.<br>Other times it would be outside as a crowd-pleaser.<br>Jay: We were instructed to wear the Izzy costume 30 minutes on, 30 minutes off, because you would sweat.<br>Wilsterman: There were two fans at the top of Izzy’s head [inside the costume].<br>I was able to whisper into a little microphone that went into the escort’s ear.<br>Smith: Izzy didn’t talk.<br>Izzy didn’t do public appearances—only [ones for] ticketed sponsors.<br>Brennan: I don’t think Izzy showed up at the closing ceremony.<br>Jay: When the flame went out, so did Izzy.<br>The question came up: Can someone dress up in the Izzy costume to greet visitors in the Atlanta History Center?<br>Photograph courtesy of LaTara Smith<br>Smith: I still have one of the Izzy costumes.<br>Payne: People didn’t like it.<br>I never lost my enthusiasm for Izzy.<br>Was it the greatest experience of my life?<br>Evans: I do appreciate the originality and willingness to do something different.<br>Land: Atlanta tries so hard to be what we think the world wants to view us as.<br>Shuman: Izzy was kind of like Colony Square—a little bit before his time.<br>Smith: It would’ve been easier to have a phoenix.<br>It didn’t say anything.<br>Babbit: It doesn’t matter what it was.<br>It was bizarre.<br>An image of Izzy?<br>Shuman: Usually everything Billy touched turned to gold.<br>This article originally appeared in our July 2016 issue.<br>Tags: 1996 Atlanta Olympics, 1996 Olympics, Atlanta Olympics, Billy Payne, Izzy, John Ryan, Olympics, R. Land, Whatizit<br>

  47. Nov 2013
    1. The grammarian is defined as skilled in speaking and writing cor-rectly; he is not defined as skilled in speaking, writing, and singing. Why not? Because gram-mar provides no precepts about the last. The geometrician is not defined as skilled in mea-surement and medicine. Why not? Because there is no precept in geometry which teaches how to cure illnesses.

      He makes a good point here. To be a good orator doesn't necessarily mean that one has those esteemed characteristics. A good orator and rhetorician could could posses unsavory characteristics. Ex: Hitler, Mussollini

    2. seperating the art of rhetoric from the individual.

  48. Oct 2013
    1. The written style is the more finished: the spoken better admits of dramatic delivery -- like the kind of oratory that reflects character and the kind that reflects emotion.
    1. Those in power are more ambitious and more manly in character than the wealthy, because they aspire to do the great deeds that their power permits them to do. Responsibility makes them more serious: they have to keep paying attention to the duties their position involves. They are dignified rather than arrogant, for the respect in which they are held inspires them with dignity and therefore with moderation -- dignity being a mild and becoming form of arrogance. If they wrong others, they wrong them not on a small but on a great scale.
  49. Sep 2013
    1. [1356a] Of the modes of persuasion furnished by the spoken word there are three kinds. The first kind depends on the personal character of the speaker; the second on putting the audience into a certain frame of mind; the third on the proof, or apparent proof, provided by the words of the speech itself.

      Modes of persuasion: character of speaker, appeal, proof

    1. The characters and circumstances which lead men to commit wrong, or make them the victions of wrong.

      character and circumstance of wrongdoing

    1. There are three things which inspire confidence in the orator's own character -- the three, namely, that induce us to believe a thing apart from any proof of it: good sense, good moral character, and goodwill

      how to build ethos/components of character

    1. the force of his own character in order to win the good will of the rest of the world, believing that this is a greater and nobler kind of generalship than to conquer many cities many times in battle.