282 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2022
    1. Several templates and tools are available to assist in formatting, such as Reflinks (documentation), reFill (documentation) and Citation bot (documentation)

      I clicked the link for reFill and thought it looked interesting. Would like to look into this further.

  2. Sep 2022
    1. The concept involves having an item just like every other in your itemized system: it has a type, attributes, and references to other items.

      I wonder if there's a good way to evolve wiki systems into the OS of the future by adding more sophisticated views and adding the abilities for computation. Seems like a good way to get multiplayer built in from the start. Maybe add the ability to have content addressed items as well.

  3. Aug 2022
  4. Jul 2022
  5. Jun 2022
    1. We recommend six company wikis (in no particular order): Guru, Slab, Confluence, Slite, Notion, and Nuclino.

      Confluence - Does FWPS subscribe to this?

    1. templates

      What kind of new templates to they have? I remember there was a blog or site where many of these templates were posted, but don't remember where that was.

    1. Simply stated, Luhmann’s Zettelkasten structure was not dynamic or fluid in nature. Yet, it was not rigid, either. Examples of a rigid structure are classification systems like the Dewey Decimal Classification System or Paul Otlet’s massive notecard world museum known as, The Mundaneum. These types of systems are helpful for interpersonal knowledge systems; however, they’re not illustrative of what Niklas Luhmann’s system was: an intrapersonal communication system. Luhmann’s notebox system was not logically and neatly organized to allow for the convenience of the public to access. Nor was it meant to be. It seemed chaotic to those who perused its contents other than its creator, Niklas Luhmann. One researcher who studied Luhmann’s system in person says, “at first glance, Luhmann’s organization of his collection appears to lack any clear order; it even seems chaotic. However, this was a deliberate choice.” (11)11 Luhmann’s Zettelkasten was not a structure that could be characterized as one of order. Indeed, it seems closer to that of chaos than order.

      This seems illustrative of the idea that some of the most interesting things in life or living systems exist at the chaotic borders.

      There seem to be differences between more rigid structures like the Dewey Decimal Classification system or Paul Otlet's Mundaneum and less rigid branching systems like Luhmann's version of his zettelkasten. Is this really a difference or only a seeming difference given the standardization some of the systems. There should be a way to do both. Maybe it's by the emergence of public standards, or perhaps it's simply through the use of subject headings and the cross linking of emerging folksonomies.

      What does the use of platforms like the Federated Wiki or the early blogosphere and linking and discovery methods enabled by Technorati indicate?

      Luhmann's system may seem intrapersonal, perhaps as a result of the numbering system, but it becomes highly penetrable by the subject index and the links from one idea (card) to the next. Use over time makes it even easier.

  6. May 2022
    1. Scott, I'll spend some more in-depth time with it shortly, but in a quick skim of topics I pleasantly notice a few citations of my own work. Perhaps I've done a poor job communicating about wikis, but from what I've seen from your work thus far I take much the same view of zettelkasten as you do. Somehow though I find that you're quoting me in opposition to your views? While you're broadly distinguishing against the well-known Wikipedia, and rightly so, I also broadly consider (unpublished) and include examples of small personal wikis and those within Ward Cunningham's FedWiki space, though I don't focus on them in that particular piece. In broad generalities most of these smaller wikis are closer to the commonplace and zettelkasten traditions, though as you point out they have some structural functional differences. You also quote me as someone in "information theory" in a way that that indicates context collapse. Note that my distinctions and work in information theory relate primarily to theoretical areas in electrical engineering, physics, complexity theory, and mathematics as it relates to Claude Shannon's work. It very specifically does not relate to my more humanities focused work within intellectual history, note taking, commonplaces, rhetoric, orality, or memory. In these areas, I'm better read than most, but have no professional title(s). Can't wait to read the entire piece more thoroughly...

    1. African Affairs

      Me parece que este elemento es muy importante, la referencia visual, sumada al resumen de la información, lo hacen muy útil y accesible para explicar lo que es la revista.

    1. Alejandro solo hizo algunas ediciones menores y Daniela

      Es necesario indicar quién es Alejandro y quién es Daniela.

    2. Daniela hace clic en «Editar» en una página

      Esta es una anotación de Prueba de Arón Sánchez

    3. conflicto de edición

      Buscar un artículo con conflictos.

  7. Apr 2022
  8. Mar 2022
    1. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

      Egyesült Nemzetek Nevelésügyi, Tudományos és Kulturális Szervezete

  9. Jan 2022
  10. Dec 2021
    1. The slip box needs a number of years in order to reach critical mass. Until then, it functions as a mere container from which we can retrieve what we put in. This changes with its growth in size and complexity.

      Niklas Luhmann indicates that it may take a number of years to reach critical mass. This may be different for everyone based on the number of ideas they place into it and the amount of work they do in creating connections.

      Ward Cunningham, the creator of the wiki, has indicated that he thinks it takes roughly 500 pages in a wiki for the value to begin emerging.†

      How many notes and what level of links/complexity is a good minimal threshold for one to be able to see interesting and useful results?


      † Quote in FedWiki session on 2021-12-29

    1. When sending links to a page by email consider following links from the beginning to the page of interest and sending the whole sequence to provide context.

      Interesting to see this same sort of contextual background here as in TiddlyWiki which calls the space a "river". TiddlyWiki does this in a vertical scrolling space where as Federated Wiki does it horizontally.

    1. Massive Wiki is a movement to create a wiki ecosystem (rather than just one engine) that provides classic wiki utility, with a plurality of tools and processes that enable decentralization and federation of the pages.

      This looks like a fascinating tool. Similar in function to what @Flancian is attempting to do?

      Perhaps I'll tinker with it soon...

  11. Nov 2021
  12. Sep 2021
    1. "Human nature is not a machine to be built after a model, and set to do exactly the work prescribed for it, but a tree which requires to grow and develop itself on all sides, according to the tendency of the inward forces which make it a living thing. Such are the differences among human beings in their sources of pleasure, their susceptibilities of pain, and the operation on them of different physical and moral agencies, that unless there is a corresponding diversity in their modes of life, they neither obtain their fair share of happiness, nor grow up to the mental, moral, and aesthetic stature of which their nature is capable." John Stuart Mill, On Liberty (1859)
  13. Aug 2021
    1. Free/Libre and Open Source Software (FLOSS) FLOSS development communities, including both software engineering aspects and human factors FLOSS development processes, such as code reviews, joining process, etc. Best practices and case studies of open collaboration with FLOSS FLOSS collaboration beyond software (e.g. FLOSS collaboration for open data/content, open standards, open hardware, etc.) Wikipedia and Wikimedia Research Participation in Wikimedia communities Group Dynamics and Organization in Wikipedia and related projects Readership/Engagement on Wikipedia and related projects Technical Infrastructure and Design in Wikimedia projects Evaluating Content of Wikimedia projects Knowledge Diffusion, Outreach, and Generalization Open Collaboration Research, esp. Wikis and Social Media Novel open collaboration technologies ranging from entirely new socio-technical systems to MediaWiki extensions Wikis in corporations, academia, non-profits, and other organizations Online collaboration using social media technologies (e.g., Wikis, Blogs, Twitter)Theoretical work on open collaboration Digital divides and open collaboration technologies Open Data and Open Science Open data quality, standards, measures and metrics Open data and open science methods, applications and prototypes Best practices and case studies for Open Data and Open Science Repositories, networks and working platforms for open scientific communication, collaboration, exchange and access to open knowledge Open Education Tools and methods for managing, storing and sharing of Open Educational Resources (OER) Open online learning environments such as MOOCs Enabling individual learning paths Connecting formal and informal learning Supporting self-paced learning and co-construction of knowledge Development of new knowledge or products (e.g. Maker Spaces), collecting data (e.g. Citizen Science) or discussing political topics (e.g. e-participation). Open Innovation Architecture and design of open innovation systems The role of IT-artefacts in open and collaborative innovation activities Implementation of open innovation platforms in corporate IT landscapes IT security, intellectual property and personal anonymity in open innovationç Best practices and case studies of open data, open standards, open source for open innovation Open innovation and GLAM Open Policy/Open Government Open policy formulation and design Implications of open policies for governments Implementation of open policies Measuring the success and impact of open policies Best practices and cases studies of open policy/government Openness in various public initiatives (e.g. Smart Cities, Internet of Things) Open Standards Communities for development, maintenance, use, and implementation of open standards Implications of open standards for governments and other organizations Open standards development processes Open standards and licensing aspects
    1. The incident described in this post provides a good case study for why the GitHub pull request process is not a good substitute for wikis.

  14. Jul 2021
  15. Jun 2021
    1. Reply to Nick Milo:

      Ward Cunningham may have been using a similar UI prior to it for other projects, but he unveiled the Smallest Federated Wiki at IndieWeb Camp 2011 in late June: https://indieweb.org/2011/Smallest_Federated_Wiki. I don't have a receipt to prove it, but I have to suspect that Andy's version was certainly influenced by Cunningham's work.

      Mike Caulfield, subsequent author of the influential The Garden and the Stream: a Technopastoral, Iterated on the Smallest Federated Wiki and created a WordPress-based plugin shortly thereafter called Wikity that used some of the card-based UI that Obsidian comes with out of the box.

      Both had some early influence on the UI-based research that the IndieWeb space has done since. For those interested, there's also a sub-group within it focusing on digital gardens, commonplace books, Zettelkasten, etc. that can be found here: https://indieweb.org/commonplace_book

  16. Apr 2021
  17. Mar 2021
  18. Feb 2021
    1. φωτογραφία της νεκροτομής του 33χρονου Χόγκερ Μάινς, μέλους της δυτικογερμανικής ένοπλης ακροαριστερής οργάνωσης «Φράξια Κόκκινος Στρατός» (RAF), μετά το θάνατό του στις φυλακές Βίτλιχ (9/11/1974) ύστερα από απεργία πείνας 58 ημερών.

      Εχουν κι οι Γερμανοί νεκρούς από απεργία πείνας. Η φωτό δεν υπαρχει στην wikipedia.

  19. Jan 2021
  20. Dec 2020
    1. The only piece of note taking software on the market that currently supports this feature (that I’m aware of) is Microsoft OneNote.

      OneNote supported on-the-fly interlinking with Double Square Bracket Linking

    2. Cunningham first developed the ability to automatically create internal links (read: new notes) when typing text in CamelCase. This meant you could easily be typing a sentence while describing a piece of information and simply type a word (or series of words) in CamelCase which would create a link to another piece of information (even if its page hadn’t already been created).This was quickly superseded by the double square bracket links most wiki’s use today to achieve the same results, and its the staple creation method in both wiki’s and other premier information systems today.

      History of the Wiki-style linking or [[Double Square Bracket Linking]]

    3. Evernote had long been the gold standard of note taking, flexible, functional and best of all affordable. While its user interface was a little odd at times, the features were excellent, but they made the simple mistake of not enabling wiki style internal links. Instead, they required a user to copy a note link from one note and paste it into another.

      Evernote made the mistake of not allowing on-the-fly wiki-style internal linking.

    4. It needs wiki-like superpowersIf there is one feature that excels above all others in information software of the past two decades that deserves its place in the note taking pantheon, its the humble double bracketed internal link.We all recognise power to store and retrieve information at will, but when you combine this power with the ability to successfully create new knowledge trees from existing documents, to follow thoughts in a ‘stream of consciousness’ non-linear fashion then individual notes transform from multiple static word-silos into a living information system system.Sadly, this is the one major feature that is always neglected, or is piecemeal at best… and one time note taking king Evernote is to blame.

      Tim Kling posits that one of the most important features for a note taking app to have (which most lack at the time of writing) is the ability to link to other notes with the wiki-standard double bracket command.

    1. The only piece of note taking software on the market that currently supports this feature (that I’m aware of) is Microsoft OneNote.

      OneNote supported on-the-fly interlinking with Double Square Bracket Linking

    1. Better community building: At the moment, MDN content edits are published instantly, and then reverted if they are not suitable. This is really bad for community relations. With a PR model, we can review edits and provide feedback, actually having conversations with contributors, building relationships with them, and helping them learn.
    2. Better contribution workflow: We will be using GitHub’s contribution tools and features, essentially moving MDN from a Wiki model to a pull request (PR) model. This is so much better for contribution, allowing for intelligent linting, mass edits, and inclusion of MDN docs in whatever workflows you want to add it to (you can edit MDN source files directly in your favorite code editor).
    1. Hypothes.is is a 501(c) open-source software project that aims to collect comments about statements made in any web-accessible content, and filter and rank those comments to assess each statement's credibility.

      So what we think would be interesting here is to integrate this web annotation standard with [[wiki]].

  21. Nov 2020
  22. Oct 2020
    1. the name of something and when you press the button to go to the link if it wasn't there it made the card

      This is a phenomenally important UX insight and affordance that has become a foundation of how all modern wiki-linking knowledge graph tools work today. Kudos to Ward for this!

    1. Using wikis for collaborative learning: Assessing collaboration through contribution

      Through a study of freshman students, the author aimed to determine the success of the Wiki for collaboration. Results revealed variances in learner responses and use of the tool. Lack of use was explained by individual barriers (family, social, work) and system barriers (wiki design). The authors conclude that for the Wiki to be an effective, collaborative tool, additional resources must be provided to the learner, and the Wiki must be meaningful in its design to foster that participation. 7/10

    1. Wiki Use that Increases Communication and Collaboration Motivation

      (Click on download full text to read.) Through a cooperative learning assignment, University students responded to a case study that implemented use of a Wiki. Results demonstrate that Wiki is an effective communication and collaboration tool (access, structure, versioning) for all individuals (introvert, extrovert). Recommendations and considerations for use in the learning environment were provided. 6/10

    1. However, I do feel that the way that he speaks is particu-larly African American. Th is refers more to his rhetoric, intona-tion, and style. However, his speech or the extent to which he plays up his Black manner of speaking varies depending on his setting.

      what is a "black manner" of speaking? is the same as the statement above it that he speaks African American? does this imply the language or just a form of speaking like he can communicate and he knows what African Americans want?

      The website below explains that speaking African American is a unique vocabulary with different accents and grammar

  23. Sep 2020
    1. 1932 United States Senate elections 1932 United States House of Representatives elections History of the United States (1918–1945) Timeline of the Great Depression Causes of the Great Depression Great Contraction First inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt

      1932 United States Senate elections 1932 United States House of Representatives elections History of the United States (1918–1945) Timeline of the Great Depression Causes of the Great Depression Great Contraction First inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt

    1. 19 Now the Lord God had formed out of the ground all the wild animals(AA) and all the birds in the sky.(AB) He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called(AC) each living creature,(AD) that was its name. 20 So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds in the sky and all the wild animals.

      God had given Adam the responsibility to name all living creatures on Earth after the first days of creation. In Ursula K. Le Guin’s “She Unnames Them”, the idea of how labels or given names could take away from “personal choice” and “freedom” was explored throughout the text. Instead of believing that humans are above animals and living creatures, Buddhists view animals as very sacred beings and are to be shown with respect and to never be harmed. They also believe that humans can be reborn as animals, all interconnected within one another, supporting their beliefs of showing extreme care towards animals and allowing them to live freely.

    2. 4 “You will not certainly die,” the serpent said to the woman.(AR) 5 “For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God,(AS) knowing good and evil.”

      This verse is referenced heavily throughout contemporary literature. The idea of being tricked or pressured into something you are told is wrong.

      the intertextual connection is to the classic tale of, "Little Red Riding Hood." The girl is strictly instructed by her Grandmother to stay on the path to her house. Instead, naive Little Red is tricked by the Wolf to telling her where she is going. The Wolf goes to the Grandmother's house and eats her.

  24. Aug 2020
    1. Triángulo rojo señalando hacia arribaArtículo cientifico #COVIDー19

      Triángulo rojo señalando hacia arribaEstilo APA

      Triángulo rojo señalando hacia arribaLi, R., Pei, S., Chen, B., Song, Y., Zhang, T., Yang, W., & Shaman, J. (2020). Substantial undocumented infection facilitates the rapid dissemination of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV2). Science, eabb3221.

  25. Jul 2020
  26. Jun 2020
  27. May 2020
    1. The Journal was a primitive hypertext-based groupware program, which can be seen as a predecessor (if not the direct ancestor) of all contemporary server software that supports collaborative document creation (like wikis). It was used by ARC members to discuss, debate, and refine concepts in the same way that wikis are being used today.
  28. Apr 2020
  29. Mar 2020