149 Matching Annotations
  1. May 2024
    1. The remaining five principles: using active learning techniques, giving prompt feedback, emphasizing time on task, communicating high expectations, and responding to diverse talents and ways of learning are consistent with the characteristics of the CoI presences.

      7 principles of practice * 1. student-faculty contact in and out of class * 2. peer collaboration to expand understanding * Using active learning techiniques

      • Giving prompt feedback emphasizing time on task communicating high expectations responding to diverse talents and ways of learning
    2. second principle promotes peer collaboration to expand understanding

      2nd principle - peer collaboration

    3. student-faculty contact in and out of classes is the most important factor in student motivation and involvement.  Faculty concern helps students get through rough times and keep on working.  Knowing a few faculty members well enhances students’ intellectual commitment and encourages them to think about their own values and future plans

      Contact outside of the classroom is difficult for both commuters in on-ground courses and online environments. Also it's becoming an issue for traditional students who are working more and more hours to reduce overall costs of education.

    4. Chickering and Gamson (1987) offered Seven Principles for Practice in Higher Education, which have come to be known as the dominant paradigm for developing standards of teaching and learning in higher education.

      7 principles for practice in higher eduation

  2. Apr 2024
    1. NATM Principles Data extraction is illegitimate. There is nothing normal about using data to control us or target us for commercial or political purposes. Speed cannot circumvent ethics. Civil society —not governments or businesses— should be the first and last authority in deciding if a technology should exist. Saying “No” is a practical solution. A clean and quick break from extractive technologies is not possible, but a collective statement of refusal is an important first step. Other platforms are possible. Alternatives exist. We need to promote the use of non-extractive digital media platforms and support their implementation by our member communities. One voice, multiple solutions. While our communities might have different goals and agendas, we need to act as a global coalition to enforce the regulation, taxation and eventual elimination of extractive technologies.
    1. The initial focus is on the learner’s home language (it’s currently being piloted with grade 3 isiZulu-speaking learners at a school in Soweto, Johannesburg). English is introduced gradually as a target language. The language and speech technology has been developed to provide linguistic accuracy and is grounded in teaching principles.

      This application is for Grade 3 and up. It doesn't solve the problem I identified which is by Grade 2 most learners can't read for meaning. Stepping in early is key so there is still viability for an application like mine.

    1. The needs of children, when it comes to digital designs, vary from those of adults. However, several UX principles, design patterns, and preferences hold for kids and adults. The overarching goal of any design, i.e., to create valuable and usable solutions for a user, stays the same for all audiences.
  3. Mar 2024
    1. History of the United States (1834)

      1834 was also interesting with respect to this thesis as Britain was working at the "principles of 1834" which Beatrice Webb focused on and debunked in English Poor Law Policy (1910).

      see: https://hypothes.is/a/NLJSJAe7Ee2xvIeHyTL7vQ

      Would this 1832 work in Britain have bleed over to a similar set of poverty principles in the United States in the same era? Could this have compounded issues in America leading to greater class divisions in the decades before the Civil War?

    1. “Story Is King” differentiated us, we thought, not just because we said it but also becausewe believed it and acted accordingly. As I talked to more people in the industry and learnedmore about other studios, however, I found that everyone repeated some version of thismantra—it didn’t matter whether they were making a genuine work of art or complete dreck,they all said that story is the most important thing. This was a reminder of something thatsounds obvious but isn’t: Merely repeating ideas means nothing. You must act—and think—accordingly. Parroting the phrase “Story Is King” at Pixar didn’t help the inexperienceddirectors on Toy Story 2 one bit. What I’m saying is that this guiding principle, while simplystated and easily repeated, didn’t protect us from things going wrong. In fact, it gave us falseassurance that things would be okay.

      Having a good catch phrase for guidance can become a useless trap if it becomes repeated so frequently that it loses meaning. Guiding principles need to be revisited, actively worked on, and ensconced into daily activities and culture.

      examples: - Google and "don't be evil" - Pixar (and many others) and "story is king" (cross Reference Ed Catmull in Creativity, Inc.) - Pixar and "trust the process" (ibid) #

    1. 1. Never compromise your integrity or values2. Never be satisfied in who you are butrather who you can become3. Never give up


  4. Nov 2023
    1. he knows what's at the heart of first enlightenment science 01:02:26 that that is part of the agenda of the Royal Society in 1660 when it was formed but this is in the bottom left-hand corner enough that we can understand reality 01:02:38 and unlike Aristotle we're not understanding it so we can honor it and respect it we're understanding it so we can mess with it
  5. Oct 2023
    1. Softer than the flower where kindness is concerned,Stronger than the thunder where principles are at stake.VEDIC DESCRIPTION OF THE ENLIGHTENED
  6. Jul 2023
    1. Ryberg et al. (2018) explicitly looked into the choice of sharing principles (also referred to as allocation principles or distributive principles in other literature).
      • Definition
        • sharing principles
          • synonyms
            • allocation principles
            • distributive principles
    2. Downscaling the planetary boundaries in absolute environmental sustainability assessments – A review
      • Title
        • Downscaling the planetary boundaries in absolute environmental sustainability assessments – A review
      • Authors
        • Morten W. Ryberg
        • Martin Marchman Andersen
        • Mikotaj Owsianiak
        • Michael Z. Hauschild
      • Date
        • Dec 2020
      • Source
      • Abstract
        • Excerpt
          • To ensure choices concerning sharing principles in absolute environmental sustainability assessments (AESA) are deliberate,
            • there is a need for understanding the distributive justice theory underlying the sharing principles. -This study provides a framework for determining and communicating the distributive justice theories that underlie the choice of sharing principles in AESA
    1. The notion of functional integration as a basis for biological identity was fully developed only in the 19th century, where it was transformed by the rise of both cell and evolutionary theory. Herbert Spencer
      • Herbert Spencer fully developed Digby's concept into the modern concept of functional integration
        • Spencer introduced the term "survival of the fittest"
        • ‘He tried to unite complex new findings about metabolism and organismic development with evolution and the seeming correspondence of organisms to their environments.
          • In The Principles of Biology (1864), Spencer wrote
            • a biological individual is one in which
            • the interdependence of the parts allows it to function and
            • respond to environmental change as a whole.
          • That is: ‘any concrete whole having a structure which enables it,
            • when placed in appropriate conditions,
        • to continuously adjust its internal relations to external relations, - so as to maintain the equilibrium of its functions.’
  7. Jun 2023
    1. This analysis will result in the form of a new knowledge-based multilingual terminological resource which is designed in order to meet the FAIR principles for Open Science and will serve, in the future, as a prototype for the development of a new software for the simplified rewriting of international legal texts relating to human rights.

      software to rewrite international legal texts relating to human rights, a well written prompt and a few examples, including the FAIR principles will let openAI's chatGPT do it effectively.

  8. Mar 2023
    1. we propose five cornerstones that help deal with the highlighted issues and categorize unintended consequences.

      5 principles for mitigating progress traps - 1) - a priori assessments of potential unintended consequences of policies - should be conducted by - multidisciplinary teams - with as broad a range of expertise as possible. - This would require decision-making - to flex around specific policy challenges - to ensure that decision-makers reflect the problem space in question. - 2) - policy plans made in light of the assessment should be iterative, - with scheduled re-assessments in the future. - As has been discussed above, - knowledge and circumstances change. - New consequences might have since - become manifest or new knowledge developed. - By planning and implementing reviews, - organizational reflexivity and - humility - needs to be built into decision-making systems (e.g., Treasury, 2020).

      • 3)
        • given the scale of systems
          • such as the water-energy-food nexus
        • and the potential for infinite variety and nuance of unintended consequences,
          • pragmatism necessitates specification of boundaries
            • within which assessments are made.
        • It should be noted that this can in itself give rise to unintended consequences
          • through potential omission of relevant areas.
        • Hence, boundary decisions regarding
          • where the boundaries lie
            • should be regularly revisited (as per 2) above.
      • 4)
        • unintended consequences identified
          • should be placed in the framework
            • with as much consensus among decision-makers as possible.
        • The positioning does not need to be limited to a single point,
          • but could be of the form of a distribution of opinions of range
            • of knowability and
            • avoidability;
          • the distribution will be indicative of
            • the perspectives and
            • opinions of the stakeholders.
        • If a lack of consensus exists on the exact position,
          • this can highlight a need to
            • seek more diverse expertise, or
            • for further research in order to improve consensus, or
            • for fragmenting of the issue into
              • smaller,
              • more readily assessable pieces.
      • 5)
        • there is a need for more active learning
          • by decision-makers
            • about how to avoid repeating past unintended consequences.
        • To support this,
          • assessment process and
          • outcomes should be
            • documented and
            • used
          • to appraise the effectiveness of policy mechanisms,
            • with specific attention on outcomes
              • beyond those defined by policy objectives and the
                • assumptions and
                • decisions
              • which led to these outcomes.
        • Such appraisals could reflect on - the scope of the assessment, and - the effectiveness of specific groups of stakeholders
          • in being able to identify potential negative outcomes,
            • highlighting gaps in knowledge and limitations in the overall approach.
        • Additional records of the level of agreement of participants
          • would allow for re-evaluation with new learning.
  9. Feb 2023
  10. Jan 2023
    1. This larger perspective is offered by an analysis of citizenship and the common good. I begin with the idea of citizenship as being a practice entrusted with the preservation and conservation of the nexus of recognitional practices in a society. Then I move to the notion of the common good, interpreted not as a collective thing, a transcendent principle, or an abstract concept, but as the flourishing of the recognitional nexus itself. 

      !- interpretation of citizenship : from perspective of common good - common good as the flourishing of the nexus of recognitional practices in a society.

      !- comment : salience of citizenship and common good - it's important to educate the public on what it means to be a citizen from the perspective of our empowering role in creating the society we want to live in

    1. I'd like to propose is that knowing and perhaps knowing the answer knowing that the endpoint isn't enough to be done and we 00:03:32 need to know how to get there and so how do we get to the solution and what I'd like to propose is that lynn ostrom also suggested in fact you'll see this in her work a lot something special about the 00:03:46 way that we can get there and that is that and so I want to explain what I mean by this why an evolutionary approach and we'll get to what is an 00:03:59 evolutionary approach as well why an evolutionary approach to sustainability science

      !- Ostrom's principles : way to get there - just knowing Ostrom's principles isn't the same - as knowing the process to get there - I will suggest that this process is an evolutionary one

  11. Dec 2022
    1. Just as long-distance runners push through pain to experience the pleasure of “runner’s high,” I have largely gotten past the pain of my mistake making and instead enjoy the pleasure that comes with learning from it. I believe that with practice you can change your habits and experience the same “mistake learner’s high.”

      This is a great analogy: getting past the pain of failing but enjoy the learning. It's not about the falls along the way, it's about the path and the lessons learned along the way

    1. The principles you choose can be anything you want them to be as long as they are authentic—i.e., as long as they reflect your true character and values

      principles allow you to stay true to your character and values

    2. Think for yourself to decide 1) what you want, 2) what is true, and 3) what you should do to achieve #1 in light of #2 . . . . . . and do that with humility and open-mindedness so that you consider the best thinking available to you.

      Principle 1:

    3. While it isn’t necessarily a bad thing to use others’ principles, adopting principles without giving them much thought can expose you to the risk of acting in ways inconsistent with your goals and your nature.

      You can use another's principle but just don't adopt them without thinking about it

    4. To be principled means to consistently operate with principles that can be clearly explained.

      To be principled = having clear, explainable principles with which you operate

    5. If instead we classify these situations into types and have good principles for dealing with them, we will make better decisions more quickly and have better lives as a result.

      classify situations and have good principles for dealing with them

    6. Principles are fundamental truths that serve as the foundations for behavior that gets you what you want out of life. They can be applied again and again in similar situations to help you achieve your goals.

      What principles are: fundamental fondational truths

    7. Whatever success I’ve had in life has had more to do with my knowing how to deal with my not knowing than anything I know.

      Establishing a system for learning from mistakes

  12. Aug 2022
    1. Should my granddaughter even listen to a word I say about the world?

      I think elders are the carriers of much wisdom, and that part of their "job" is to pass the wisdom forward to future generations. As I've mentioned elsewhere (where, oh where?) in our conversations, I feel that part of the malaise in our society is that we don't have a solid foundation of values, principles and ideals that we staunchly stand on. "Every choice is ok, don't judge, don't say the wrong thing..." has led to young people being frightened to express their opinions, for fear they will be pounced on.

      And, playing devils' advocate on the "we are doomed" mindset, both you and I lived through the "fuel crisis" of the 1970s (and imagined toilet paper shortages then and more recently), dire predictions of acid rain destroying our planet, and a number of other things.

      Don't get me wrong, I am dismayed at what poor stewards we have been and continue to be of our planet. Yet, we allow giant corporations (BigFarma and BigPharma) to continue to poison the earth and look elsewhere for answers, rather than looking to our elders of long ago for wisdom on how to live in beautifully balanced harmony with the earth.

  13. Jul 2022
    1. A good reading exercise directs the learners’ attention to features ofthe text that can be found in almost any text, or to strategies fordealing with any text, with the aim “to develop in the languagelearner the ability to comprehend texts, not to guide him to com-prehension of a text”


      I should look carefully at the intensive reading exercise of Inside Reading to make sure whether the focus on each questions are applicable to other exercises or not.

    2. First, the features given attention to may be anuncontrolled mixture of useful and not very useful items. That is, highfrequency and low frequency vocabulary, frequent grammatical items andvery infrequent or irregular grammatical items may get equal attention.Second, the topic of the text determines the salience of the items and theteaching gets directed towards this text rather than what will be useful in arange of texts.


      Teachers should always prioritize high frequency language items.

    3. A few very common complicated rules deserve a bit of deliberate study,particularly for advanced learners.


      Rules appear to be more suitable to advanced learners.

    1. ; until, in 1907, eachclass had come to be dealt with according to principles which wereobviously very different from those of 1834. The report of this investi¬gation was presented to the Poor Law Commission, with the interest¬ing result that we heard no more of the “ principles of 1834 ”! It wassubsequently published as English Poor Law Policy (1910).

      Beatrice Webb studied the effects of the British "principles of 1834" and how they were carried out (differently) from area to area to see the overall effects through 1907. The result of her study apparently showed what a poor policy it had been to the point that no one mentioned the old "principles of 1834" again.

      How might this sort of sociological study be carried out on the effects of laws within the United States now in terms of economics and equality for various movements like redlining, abortion, etc.? Is anyone doing this sort of work?

      There is an example of the Eviction Lab at Princeton has some of this sort of data and analysis. https://evictionlab.org/map

  14. Jun 2022
    1. 7 Software Test Principles

      It is important that you achieve optimal test results with software testing without deviating from the test goal. But how do you determine whether you are following the right test strategy? For this you have to follow a number of basic principles.

  15. Apr 2022
    1. Companies that succeed do not ask “What exists”. They ask “What’s possible” and then determine how to get there

      "what if?"

  16. Mar 2022
    1. the tragedy of the commons is a multiplayer prisoner's dilemma. And she said that people are only prisoners if they consider themselves to be. They escape by creating institutions for collective action. And she discovered, I think most interestingly, that among those institutions that worked, there were a number of common design 00:12:04 principles, and those principles seem to be missing from those institutions that don't work.

      collaborative institutions relying on common design principles are seen helping to avoid the tragedy of commons

  17. Jan 2022
    1. Gandhi used the idea of Swaraj to challenge not only political colonisation by the British, but the colonisation of our minds.

      my gandhian principle for my life

      => to avoid colonisation of mind

  18. Nov 2021
    1. ISO 29100/Privacy Framework [2] defines the privacy principles as:1.Consent and choice,2.Purpose legitimacy and specification,3.Collection limitation,4.Data minimization,5.Use, retention and disclosure limitation,6.Accuracy and quality,7.Openness, transparency and notice,8.Individual participation and access,9.Accountability,10.Information security, and11.Privacy compliance.
  19. Sep 2021
  20. Aug 2021
  21. Jul 2021
    1. Guiding Principles¶ Some guiding principles Nokogiri tries to follow: be secure-by-default by treating all documents as untrusted by default be a thin-as-reasonable layer on top of the underlying parsers, and don't attempt to fix behavioral differences between the parsers
  22. Jun 2021
  23. Apr 2021
  24. Mar 2021
    1. I try to be deliberate, and social networks seem more and more to say: You don’t know what you want, but we do. Which, to someone who, you know, gives a shit, is pretty dang insulting.

      Definitely a great reason for the IndieWeb principle of make what you need.

    1. I've also seen a lot of people take aim at the IndieWeb for simply copying silos like Facebook. I feel like this is yet another issue with the branding; another set of people missing the point. IndieWeb tools don't aim to copy silo functionality, they just aim to let people interact with one another in the same way that they would on a silo, only using their own website. That's a fine line and I see how it can appear blurry at times, but it's also a really important one and an aspect of the IndieWeb which I find particularly compelling.

      Maybe the underlying principle of the IndieWeb here is allowing all people and websites to have equality and equity across website boundaries?

      From another perspective, websites are their own things. No website is any better than another. Websites aren't races. There are no second-class or third-class websites.

    1. Fits the ideal behind HTML HTML stands for "HyperText Markup Language"; its purpose is to mark up, or label, your content. The more accurately you mark it up, the better. New elements are being introduced in HTML5 to more accurately label common web page parts, such as headers and footers.
  25. Feb 2021
    1. Although one thing you want to avoid is using frames in such a manner that the content of the site is in the frame and a menu is outside of the frame. Although this may seem convienient, all of your pages become unbookmarkable.
    1. Iframes can have similar issues as frames and inconsiderate use of XMLHttpRequest: They break the one-document-per-URL paradigm, which is essential for the proper functioning of the web (think bookmarks, deep-links, search engines, ...).
    2. The most striking such issue is probably that of deep linking: It's true that iframes suffer from this to a lesser extent than frames, but if you allow your users to navigate between different pages in the iframe, it will be a problem.
    3. never care and try to understand design standards
  26. Jan 2021
  27. Dec 2020
    1. I am using a system for myself to plan and do my work, maintain lots of things in parallel, and keep notes. That system consists of several interlocking methods, and those methods are supported by various tools. What I describe in my review of 100 days of using Obsidian, is not about Obsidian’s functionality per se, but more about how the functionality and affordances of Obsidian fit with my system and the methods in that system

      Important point to make. I think of this as "Principles before tools", which means that I start with what I want to achieve, and then find tools that help me do that more effectively.

  28. Nov 2020
  29. Oct 2020
  30. Sep 2020
    1. For my point of view, and I've been annoyingly consistent in this for as long as people have been asking for this feature or something like it, style encapsulation is one of the core principles of Svelte's component model and this feature fundamentally breaks that. It would be too easy for people to use this feature and it would definitely get abused removing the style safety that Svelte previously provided.
    1. Chickering and Gamson (1987), forexample, suggested seven principles were central to suchteaching: encouraging faculty/student contact, developing reci-procity and cooperation among students, using active learningstrategies, offering rapid feedback, emphasizing time on task,communicating high expectations, and respecting diversetalents and ways of learning.

      Chickering and Gamson's seven principles were the foundation for learner-centered education (1987).

      1. Encouraging faculty/student contact
      2. Developing reciprocity and cooperation among students
      3. Using active learning strategies
      4. Offering rapid feedback
      5. Emphasizing time on task
      6. Communicating high expectations
      7. Respecting diverse talents and ways of learning

      Habanek's (2005) descriptive study of learner-centered syllabus design.

    1. To cultivate an idea meritocracy, they developed an app called a “dot collector” which enables all employees to rate each other along many different dimensions, ranging from “knowledgeability” to communication style. Over time, the app builds up a picture of each employee’s “believability” on different issues. This enables Bridgewater to understand where expertise lies within the company in addition to the hierarchical authority easily understood on an org chart.

      Bridgewater created a "dot collector" app that collects employee ratings of others across different dimensions to get to a "idea meritocracy"

  31. Aug 2020
  32. Jun 2020
  33. May 2020
    1. Suppose someone with a lot of clout in your organisation makes a decision, but that decision conflicts with your organisations’s design principles. Instead of having an opinion-based argument about who’s right or wrong, the previously agreed-upon design principles allow you to take ego out of the equation.
  34. Apr 2020
    1. Because complete typing and cross-matching takes up to 45 minutes, patients requiring emergent transfusions are given type O-negative RBCs.

      Emergent patients are given O blood group

    2. In either scenario, a massive hemothorax is an indication for operative intervention, but tube thoracostomy is critical to facilitate lung reexpansion, which may improve oxygenation and cardiac performance as well as tamponade venous bleeding.

      improving oxygenation cardiac performance tamponade venous bleeding

    3. Although it may be estimated on chest radiograph, tube thoracostomy is the only reliable means to quantify the amount of hemothorax.
  35. Feb 2020
  36. Dec 2019
    1. For example, Richard Mayer has developed a set of principles for multimedia learning that takes into account factors such as minimizing extraneous cognitive load to optimize the effectiveness of multimedia
  37. Oct 2019
  38. publications.parliament.uk publications.parliament.uk
    1. 18 Policy statement on environmental principles: effect(1) A Minister of the Crown must, when making policy, have due regard to thepolicy statement on environmental principles currently in effect.(2) Subsection (1) does not require a Minister to do (or refrain from doing)anything that—(a) would have no significant environmental benefit, or(b) would be in any other way disproportionate to the environmentalbenefit.

      due regard, ministers only

    2. The Secretary of State may prepare a revised policy statement onenvironmental principles at any time (and this section applies in relation to anyrevised statement)

      Dubious - regression?

    3. (4) The Secretary of State must be satisfied that the statement will, when it comesinto effect, contribute to—(a) the improvement of environmental protection, and(b) sustainable development.

      not clear why it would need to improve protection - this is an EU standstill clause

    4. 16 Policy statement on environmental principles(1) The Secretary of State must prepare a policy statement on environmentalprinciples in accordance with this section and section 17.(2) A “policy statement on environmental principles” is a statement explaininghow the environmental principles should be interpreted and proportionatelyapplied by Ministers of the Crown when making policy.(3) It may also explain how Ministers of the Crown, when interpreting andapplying the environmental principles, should take into account otherconsiderations relevant to their policy.

      This seems very weak

  39. Sep 2019
    1. Create A Powerful Website that Converts With Our Web Design Principles

      As a leading web design agency will talk about our experience in handling different design clients and how we solved their needs through our web design principles!

  40. Jul 2019
    1. At the design stage, when you discover problems, you can fix them easily by editing a few lines of text. Once the code is written, the cost of fixing problems is dramatically higher, both emotionally (people hate to throw away code) and in terms of time, so there’s resistance to actually fixing the problems. Software that wasn’t built from a spec usually winds up badly designed and the schedule gets out of control. 
    2. In general, the longer you wait before fixing a bug, the costlier (in time and money) it is to fix.
  41. Jun 2019
    1. principles

      a fundamental truth or proposition that serves as the foundation for a system of belief or behavior or for a chain of reasoning.

  42. May 2019
    1. I published the Level manifesto with great fanfare: The War on Developer Productivity (And How I Intend to Win It).

      Quite a fascinating and interesting way to kick-off such endeavor. This can act as a major source of encouragement for giving one's 100% to the purpose. Of course, avoiding the risks of over-committing without periodic self-examination.

  43. Apr 2019
    1. A Vision for Scholarly Communication Currently, there is a strong push to address the apparent deficits of the scholarly communication system. Open Science has the potential to change the production and dissemination of scholarly knowledge for the better, but there is no commonly shared vision that describes the system that we want to create.

      A Vision for Scholarly Communication

  44. Mar 2019
    1. This page is meant to demonstrate what personalized learning 'looks like' and that seems to mean the principles or characteristics that it has. This page relates to kids, not adults, but the principles mostly seem relevant to adults just as much as kids. I do not know enough about this topic to evaluate the information quality, but the aspects I can evaluate, such as the writing and presentation, seem to suggest at least moderate credibility. rating 2/5

  45. Jan 2019
    1. For example, there is no need for Ministers to consider the environmental principles policy statement in the development of pensions legislation, where there is not likely to be any significant environmental impact.

      Hmmm. would we argue that there could/should be limits placed on - for example - investment here to prevent financing fossil fuels etc?

    2. These Explanatory Notes relate to the draft Environment (Principles and Governance) Bill as published in Draft on 19 December 2018 (Bill Cm9751) damage. xRectification at source principle: Environmental damage should as a priority berectified by targeting its original cause and taking preventive action at source.xPolluter pays principle: The costs of pollution control and remediation should beborne by those who cause pollution rather than the community at large.xSustainable Development: Development that meets the needs of the presentgeneration without compromising the ability of future generations to meet theirown needs.xIntegration principle: Environmental protection requirements must be integratedinto the definition and implementation of polices and activities.xPublic Access to environmental information: Individuals should haveappropriate access to information concerning the environment that is held bypublic authorities. This can include information on the state of the environment,but also on policies or measures taken or on the state of human health andsafety, where this can be affected by the state of the environment.xPublic participation in environmental decision-making: Individuals should beable to participate in environmental decision-making processes.xAccess to justice: Individuals should be able to effectively access judicial andadministrative proceedings, including providing redress and remedy forcitizens.These principles cannot be changed without primary legislation.

      primary leg needed for change

    3. Ministers of the Crown will consider the environmental principles in developing policy by having regard to a corresponding environmental principles policy statement published by the Secretary of State.

      have regard to formulation seems especially weak when expressed like this...

  46. Nov 2018
    1. ಅರಿತು ಜನ್ಮವಾದವರಿಲ್ಲ ಸತ್ತು ಮರಳಿ ತೋರುವರಿಲ್ಲ.ದುರಭಿಮಾನವ ಹೊತ್ತು ಅಘಟಿತ ಘಟಿತವ ನುಡಿವಿರಿ.ಈ ದೇಹವಿಡಿದು ನುಡಿವ ಪ್ರಪಂಚಿಗಳನೇನೆಂಬೆ ಗುಹೇಶ್ವರಾ.
    2. ಅನ್ಯದೈವ ಭವಿನಾಸ್ತಿಯಾದಲ್ಲಿ, ಪಾದತೀರ್ಥಪ್ರಸಾದವಿಲ್ಲದೆ ಬಾಯಿದೆರೆದಲ್ಲಿ, ಲಿಂಗಕ್ಕೆ ಕೊಡದೆ ಕೊಂಡಲ್ಲಿ, ಆ ವ್ರತಕ್ಕೆ ಆಚಾರವೆ ಪ್ರಾಣವಾಗಿರ್ಪ ರಾಮೇಶ್ವರಲಿಂಗ ದೂರಸ್ಥನಾಗಿಪ್ಪನು
  47. Jun 2018
  48. inst-fs-iad-prod.inscloudgate.net inst-fs-iad-prod.inscloudgate.net
    1. If we can’t make it safer then we can acknowledge the remaining risks and educate users about them.
    2. Non-technology folks can contribute to building consentful tech by:• Holding the platforms we use accountable to how they use our data• Advocating for consent-focused policy and legislation • Intervening in development processes through community organizing (petitions, demonstrations, etc.)• Signing on to platforms that are consentful • Learning more about code, policies, and legislationTech folks can contribute to building consentful tech by:• Advocating for diverse teams• Opening up design & development processes to people who those who are vulnerable to harm• Working towards a culture of consent in our companies and organizations• Mentoring newcomers, particularly those who are often excluded or marginalized from mainstream tech communities• Growing our knowledge on concepts like collaborative design processes and intersectionality • Consistently reviewing our development processes
    3. Can people consent to Specific things in this system and not others? Can people select which aspects of their digital bodies they want to have exposed and have stored?
    4. Are people Freely giving us their consent to access and store parts of their digital bodies? Can potentially harmful personal information about a person be displayed or stored without their consent? Does our system allow for Reversible consent? How easy is it for people to withdraw both their consent and their data?How are we fully and clearly Informing people about what they’re consenting to? Is important information about the risks a user might be exposed to buried in the fine print of the terms & conditions?How are we making sure that the consent is Enthusiastic? Is there an option not to use this technology, which means that people use it because they prefer to use it?
  49. Apr 2018
    1. your future success depends on developing a new kind of expertise: the ability to leverage your proprietary knowledge strategically and to make useful connections between seemingly unrelated knowledge assets or tap fallow, undeveloped knowledge.
    2. Your competitors will have access to the same kinds of data and general industry knowledge that you do.
    3. It’s a vote of confidence in the company’s capacity to protect enough tacit knowledge to stay ahead of the competition.
    4. will make more money if more people build on the platform he has provided
    5. The ease of knowledge sharing is directly proportional to the degree of knowledge codification
    6. speeding up codification will increase the value of knowledge
    1. Companies that figure out how to manage this complexity will enjoy a powerful competitive advantage in finding and selecting innovations.
  50. Mar 2018
    1. Yes, absolutely. In fact, I would go further than that. I am sure that we could provide the evidence not only in terms of international obligations but in terms of Article 191, where all these things can be found. However, let us do that trade and see where the gaps lie, and perhaps we can make some progress on that basis. Certainly, we would welcome any opportunity to iron out some of the differences that appear to exist.

      response on possible changing of amendment at report stage

    2. As the noble Lord, Lord Deben, said, we are not asking for anything more; we are just asking for what is in the existing provisions. We are just trying to put it into language that most people would be able to understand and not tie it up in legal knots.
    3. I thank the European Environmental Bureau for this—with the headline, “Precautionary in principle, flawed in fact: European Commission review accepts environmental groups’ criticism of chemical regulation”.

      This is a bit worrying because them pushing for further regulation is making the countess argue against REACH - need to counter: "but I also ask that we do not mirror the behaviour of the REACH organisation and that we tighten up our own principles and make sure that we get it right."

    4. On Amendment 113, the secondary legislation made using the powers under Clause 7 will be subject to parliamentary oversight, using well-established procedures. This amendment would require us to make all the regulations within one month of Royal Assent. This would not allow time for stakeholder consultation and would also not allow sufficient time to make all the SIs—noting that affirmative SIs take longer than one month to be laid and made.

      Is this right? is the amendment impossible?

    5. Amendment 66 also goes further than the existing principles set out in EU and UK law today. In particular, it would introduce a new power for courts to declare provisions in primary or secondary legislation to be incompatible with the environmental principles. This power does not currently exist in either EU or UK law.I will go a little further. The precautionary principle is included in, for instance, the REACH regulation and the invasive species regulation, so it will be preserved by the Bill in those areas. Similarly, the polluter pays principle, referred to by a number of noble Lords, is referred to in the Water Environment (Water Framework Directive) (England and Wales) Regulations 2017, which will also be preserved by the Bill. EU case law on chemicals, waste and habitats, for example, includes judgments on the application of the precautionary principle to those areas, which will, likewise, be preserved by the Bill.The purpose of the Bill is to convert and preserve the law so that after exit it continues to operate as intended. This includes many of the directives referred to, such as the wild birds and habitats directives, as transposed through domestic legislation. It is not appropriate for the Bill to introduce new powers of this kind.   Share this contribution Lord Deben   Share this contribution My noble friend has explained that some things are already there. Can he give me an undertaking that if we were in consultation to remove from this amendment anything that is additional to where the European Union now is, he would accept this amendment? That is the issue. If we were to do that, would he accept the amendment?   Share this contribution Lord Callanan   Share this contribution I cannot give an assurance that we would do that. This is about legal certainty—taking a snapshot of existing laws and transferring them into UK law as it is. It is not about creating new powers within the Bill. There will be a further opportunity to discuss this when we publish our proposals for the new body.   Share this contribution Lord Deben   Share this contribution I have not said “new powers” or talked about creating legal certainty. He keeps using that phrase. I merely said that if we amend this so that there is no additionality to what is already in European law, will he accept that as an amendment?   Share this contribution ​ Lord Callanan   Share this contribution If a new amendment is put forward, of course we will look at it and consider its legal implications. I can give that assurance.

      But it refers to them at EU level, no? Chance of an amendment at report stage that isn't ambitious enough based on these commitments?

    6. The points he made on the archaeological issues are of very great importance indeed, and it is crucial—I speak as a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries and a former vice-president of that body—that these points are taken into account.

      again, archeological influence

    7. Here in your Lordships’ House we are very fortunate to have a considerable number of noble and learned Lords who give us the benefit of their expertise. I have noticed that they often disagree, and very strongly. Therefore, surely keeping these issues in the Bill would save an awful lot of legal time and legal argument and would be better for the Government. I say that in a spirit of total helpfulness and support.
    8. It is now well established that the scheduling of ancient monuments and the listing of historic buildings, valuable though they are for the most conspicuous sites, are insufficient to protect rural landscapes and historic town centres. Indeed, planning authorities regularly make the provision of prior archaeological investigation a condition for the granting of planning consent for developments, whether for roadworks, motorways or new buildings.Archaeological concerns are enabled and can be met by the application of environmental principles, which are codified in Article 191 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. These principles provide safeguards against adverse policy change and provide a basis for legal challenge

      archeological arg again

    9. On Amendments 66, 112 and 113, I simply say that, if the Government are sincere in their stated commitment —as the noble Lord, Lord Deben, said—to uphold all the environmental commitments that we are signed up to and to uphold the spirit of the transfer of EU law into UK law, they should have absolutely no hesitation in supporting all these amendments.
    10. I shall speak to my Amendment 67A

      relating principles to food production

    11. our current position on the common agricultural policy. It was introduced before some of these environmental principles were refined and used in European legislation. As a result, we are now in the ridiculous position where the polluter pays principle would have helped us, as taxpayers and as water company customers and payers, avoid paying farmers twice. We are paying water companies to pay farmers to stop doing something that, as taxpayers, we are paying farmers to do. The polluter pays principle, had it existed when the common agricultural policy was first set in place, would have been a hugely valuable way of preventing that very wasteful situation.

      interesting linking of polluter pays principle to improving EU legislation

    12. you cannot understand the law unless you understand the principles. That has always been the situation. All we are saying is: let us make our law understandable by the principles to which we have assented and to which, we are told, the present Government wish to continue to assent.
    13. The vital issue is that the environment needs to have a framework within which people can have confidence that their interests will in fact be met. In the past, we have had the framework of the European Union. The Government say we can have just as good a framework outside the European Union—well, this is the framework, and there is no reason why they should refuse it.

      nice quote

    14. I found the presence of EU law, particularly on bathing waters and water quality, extremely helpful. It was not always easy to convince my colleagues that we really did have less good drinking water than much of the rest of the European Union. They rather took my mother’s view, which was that the reason that people had bottled water in France was because their ordinary water was unacceptable. There was a general view, much promoted in the Daily Telegraph, that there was no need for improvement. I have to say that there was need. There was even more need, as Surfers Against Sewage made clear, to do something about our appalling bathing water standards. We were, after all, in much of the country pouring unreformed ordure—I do try very hard to use phrases that the Committee will not object to—into the sea. We were able to change that, not, I may say, without very considerable difficulty and arguments about the price and cost of doing it. It was within a context of EU law, and not just precise pieces of law but the context in which we accepted certain standards and values to which we could refer when it came to making our own legislation.

      value of EU law to conservative governments in the past

    15. on 29 March 2019 key pieces of legislation such as the environmental impact assessment and strategic environmental directives will be transposed ​into domestic law, with the aim that planning policy will continue to function as currently. However, the Bill does not directly reference some important overarching principles established in the EU treaty, potentially weakening environmental protections which underpin planning-led archaeology

      interesting lobbying move from the archeologists here...

  51. Jan 2018
  52. Jun 2017
  53. Mar 2017
    1. Learning to complete a whole task involves 4 levels of instruction (preferably modeled):

      Effective instruction should engage students in all four levels of performance: the problem level, the task-level, the operation-level, and the action-level.

    2. First Principles of Instruction

      Click here to see more detailed description of the First Principles of Instruction.


      An Elaboration of the First Principles of Instruction.

    2. Much instructional practice concentratesprimarily on the demonstration phase and ig-nores the other phases in this cycle of learning.

      Yes, and also demonstration which is decontextualized, has not audience, no stakeholders...

    3. Many current instructional models suggest thatthe most effective learning products or environ-ments are those that are problem-centered andinvolve the student in four distinct phases oflearning: (a) activation of prior experience, (b)demonstration of skills, (c) application of skills,and (d) integration of these skills into real-worldactivities.

      (a) activation of prior experience (b)demonstration of skills (c) application of skills,and (d) integration of these skills into real-worldactivities

    4. Principle 1—Problem-centered: Learning ispromoted when learners are engaged in solvingreal-world problems.

      In my experience, this is a very powerful principle for learning.It can provide many variables that are not present in traditional learning environments:

                   * Authentic context
                   * Complex problems  
                   * Real stakeholders
                   * Authentic feedback from real stakeholders 

      Solving real-world problems can naturally lead to inter-disciplinary work and high levels of motivation if the student is allowed to pick a real world problem that is important for them.

    5. Five firstprinciples are elaborated: (a) Learning ispromoted when learners are engaged insolving real-world problems. (b) Learning ispromoted when existing knowledge isactivated as a foundation for new knowledge.(c) Learning is promoted when new knowledgeis demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning ispromoted when new knowledge is applied bythe learner. (e) Learning is promoted whennew knowledge is integrated into the learner’sworld.


  54. Feb 2017