647 Matching Annotations
  1. Feb 2024
    1. Cette vidéo est une conférence d'Axelle Dein, directrice du programme Internet sans crainte, qui donne des conseils aux parents pour accompagner leurs enfants sur les écrans. Elle aborde les enjeux de la parentalité numérique, les impacts des écrans sur la santé, le temps d'écran, les réseaux sociaux, le cyberharcèlement et les outils de sensibilisation disponibles.

  2. Jan 2024
    1. Jun 1, 2023


      Sometimes buildings just don't look as important as they are. This the case of One Wilshire Blvd in Los Angeles. At first glance, its a generic office building in downtown. But, that blank facade is hiding one of the most important pieces of digital infrastructure within the United States. In this video we visit 1 Wilshire Blvd, explain how it works, and chat with Jimenez Lai who wrote a story about the building which explores its outsized role in our digital lives.

    1. Nathan Jurgenson coined the term “digital dualism” to describe the false presumption of a clean line between the online and the offline.

      @ Legacy Russell

      Glitch Feminism

    1. in 1978 Gary Turk was working for the digital Equipment Corporation he was a sales rep and his job was to sell these the deck system 20. now this thing had built-in arpanet protocol support it was like you don't have to do anything special you could plug it into a network and it would just work and rightly or wrongly Gary thought well I reckon people who are on the upper net might be interested in knowing about this computer and digital didn't have a whole lot of sales going on on the US West Coast they had a big office on the East Coast but West Coast you know California Portland those kind of places they didn't really have much of a presence so he got his assistant to go through the arpanet directory and type in the email addresses of everybody on the American West Coast who had an email address 393 of them and put them now at this point they overflowed the header field so all the people who got this email got an email which started with about 250 other people's email addresses and then right down at the end of it it says hey we invite you to come and see the deck system 2020

      Gary Turk "invented" spam in 1978

    2. one person whose Innovation is still a significant part of the way we work with it was this guy it's Ray Tomlinson and he was working on an opponent Mail system in 1971 and Rey invented at Rey is the person who went well hang on if we know the user's name and we know the arpanet host where they host their email we could put an at in the middle because it's Alice at the machine

      Ray Tomlinson invented the use of @ in 1971

    1. Also just by observing what they’re doing it becomes pretty clear. For example: Facebook recently purchased full-page ads on major newspapers entirely dedicated to “denounce” Apple. Why? Because Apple has built a system-level feature on iPhones that allows users to very easily disable every kind of advertising tracking and profiling. Facebook absolutely relies on being able to track you and profile your interests, so they immediately cooked up some cynical reasons why Apple shouldn’t be allowed to do this.But the truth is: if Facebook is fighting against someone on privacy matters, that someone is probably doing the right thing.
    1. “We believe that this is a simple matter of standing up for our users,” said an Apple spokesperson in response to Facebook’s first full-page newspaper ad yesterday. “Users should know when their data is being collected and shared across other apps and websites — and they should have the choice to allow that or not.”
  3. Dec 2023
    1. Masturbating during a video conference is not wrong if you are not seen doing so

      WTAF. That's something I don't expect here, but seems to be normalized.

    2. The failure of the Free Software community to account for Richard Stallman’s behavior has a chilling effect. The norms set by our leadership influence the norms of our broader community, and many members of the Free Software community look to Stallman as a ideological and political leader. The norms Stallman endorses are harmful and deeply confronting and alienating to many people, in particular women and children. Should these norms be adopted by our movement, we risk creating a community which enables the exploitation of vulnerable people.
    1. Langenhan Johanna-Mathilda, 2023-10-13, love "ugly" internet sites that "can't do anything", https://dead.garden/blog/i-love-ugly-internet-sites-that-cant-do-anything.html (2023-12-04).

  4. Nov 2023
    1. Munroe R., FedEx Bandwidth, 5.02.2013, https://what-if.xkcd.com/31/, 26.11.2023.

      Autor wpisu odpowiada na pytanie: kiedy - jeśli w ogóle - przepustowość łącza internetowego przewyższy przepustowość firmy kurierskiej FedEx?

      Odpowiedź odnosi się do tego, że jesteśmy w stanie przesłać więcej danych na nośniku drogą tradycyjną, np. kurierem, niż przez internet.

      Pytanie brzmi, czy wciąż możemy to tak ująć, zważywszy, że odpowiedź na to pytanie pojawiła się w 2013 roku.

    1. There was no automatic advertising delivery. There was no personalization, or any kind of tracking. Instead, I go through all of this every morning, picking which ads I thought looked interesting today, and manually changing and updating the pages on my site.This also meant that, because there was no tracking, the advertising companies had no idea how many times an ad was viewed, and as such, we would only get paid per click.Now, the bigger sites had started to do dynamic advertising, which allowed them to sell advertising per view, but, as an independent publisher, I was limited to only click-based advertising.However, that was actually a good thing. Because I had to pick the ads manually, I needed to be very good at understanding my audience and what they needed when they visited my site. And so there was a link between audience focus and the advertising.Also, because it was click based, it forced me as an independent publisher to optimize for results, whereas a 'per view' model often encouraged publishers to lower their value to create more ad views.

      Per-click versus per-view advertising in the 1900s internet

    1. I am proud to have my site as part of The Internet of Unmonetisable Enthusiasms, whether it is mentioned in the article or not.

      via Ron Chester at https://micro.blog/Ron/369099

    1. I've highlighted the shit out of this because I believe it actually argues a fundamental truth: communicating electronically is, indeed, a better way of communicating.

      I don't think this friendship had to die, but the illusion of romance probably did. I'm going to do my best to choose to ignore the confirmation bias within me - could it be the absence of stigma that enabled these realizations? Is the stigma, itself, then, now a virtually all-powerful (beyond any measure of reflection) force which will never allow us to progress???

      Fuck hype, man.

  5. Oct 2023
  6. Sep 2023
    1. "Unless you've felt it, unless you've cried over the fact that we really thought we were making the world a better place with the internet..." He pauses. "We 100 per cent believed that." Humanity, he says, is living through "two super old stories. One: be careful what you wish for, because you'll get it... And two: creators losing control of their creations."  He should know, because he is one of those Dr Frankensteins. As the son of Silicon Valley royalty (or at least nobility), he spent years merrily building technology that he believed was changing the world. It did, but not in the way that he hoped.
      • for: progress trap, progress trap - Aza Raskin, progress trap - internet, quote, quote - Aza Raskin, quote - progress trap, quote - progress trap - internet

      • quote

        • Unless you've felt it, unless you've cried over the fact that we really thought we were making the world a better place with the internet... We 100 per cent believed that.
    1. a useful way to answer such questions is to look at when it has been used on Fox News. Analysis of closed-captioning collected by the Internet Archive shows that use of “Chinese Communist Party” or “CCP” has been far more common on Fox News and Fox Business than on CNN and MSNBC.

      One can query the text in closed-captioning from the Internet Archive to track trends, and particularly politics, on television news.

    1. “But our everyday reality using the computer does not feel empowering. You want to use the internet without being tracked? Almost impossible. Want to message a friend? I hope you have read and agree to the WhatsApp Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. Want to install some software on your Apple device? It better be in the App Store. Perhaps you want to lend an Amazon eBook to your sister? Well you don’t actually own it, so you’ll have to ask Amazon.”
    1. La familia de protocolos de internet o pila de protocolos de Internet[1]​ es un conjunto constituido por los protocolos de red clave que componen la arquitectura de internet y que permiten la comunicación efectiva y la transmisión de datos entre computadoras.

      esto significa que el internet no es una sola tecnologia sino un grupo

    1. that's that is the Dirty Little Secret 00:12:08 of where we're at right now with Americans at each other's throats politically it's being created caused on purpose by the Chinese and the Russians who are manipulating people 00:12:22 through um use of phony websites and other disinformation campaigns being run which is a type of warfare that's being run 00:12:34 against the American people and they're falling for it
      • for: example, example - internet flaws, polarization, disinformation,, example - polarization, political interference - Russia, political interference - China
      • example: polarization, internet flaws
  7. Aug 2023
    1. https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/source/courcon1.asp

      Medieval Sourcebook: Robert de Courçon: Statutes for the University of Paris, 1215 The basic course was in the arts. Of the other faculties theology was best represented at Paris, law at Bologna, and medicine at Salerno. Robert de Courçon's statutes lay down the course in arts and enumerate the books to be studied. Students were expect to be able to teach as well as learn.

    1. I believe we are arriving at multiple simultaneous breaking points. The most obvious is of course the climate crisis, but also consider the mounting levels of inequality, of pollution and of despicable charlatanry exhibited by those in positions of power. These simply cannot go on if we are to survive as a civilization. Since civilization is resilient, the odds are that we develop tools to support a saner society and bring those tools to bear. I’m not prescient enough to enumerate them, but it seems that the single most useful technology would be one that clearly distinguishes verifiable truth from agitprop in an unavoidable and unambiguous way. This is a necessary but not sufficient condition for making progress on any of the key issues we face.
      • for: quote, quote - David Bray, quote polycrisis, indyweb - support, People-centered Internet Coalition, polycrisis
      • quote
        • I believe we are arriving at multiple simultaneous breaking points.
        • The most obvious is of course the climate crisis, but also consider the mounting levels of
          • inequality,
          • of pollution and of
          • despicable charlatanry exhibited by those in positions of power.
        • These simply cannot go on if we are to survive as a civilization.
        • Since civilization is resilient, the odds are that we develop tools to support a saner society and bring those tools to bear.
        • I’m not prescient enough to enumerate them, but it seems that the single most useful technology would be one that
          • clearly distinguishes
            • verifiable truth from
            • agitprop
          • in an unavoidable and unambiguous way.
        • This is a necessary but not sufficient condition for making progress on any of the key issues we face.
      • author: David Bray
        • executive director, People-Centered Internet Coalition
    2. We lived in a relatively unregulated digital world until now. It was great until the public realized that a few companies wield too much power today in our lives. We will see significant changes in areas like privacy, data protection, algorithm and architecture design guidelines, and platform accountability, etc. which should reduce the pervasiveness of misinformation, hate and visceral content over the internet.
      • for: quote, quote - Prateek Raj, quote - internet regulation, quote - reducing misinformation, fake news, indyweb - support
      • quote
        • We lived in a relatively unregulated digital world until now.
        • It was great until the public realized that a few companies wield too much power today in our lives.
        • We will see significant changes in areas like
          • privacy,
          • data protection,
          • algorithm and
          • architecture design guidelines, and
          • platform accountability, etc.
        • which should reduce the pervasiveness of
          • misinformation,
          • hate and visceral content
        • over the internet.
        • These steps will also reduce the power wielded by digital giants.
        • Beyond these immediate effects, it is difficult to say if these social innovations will create a more participative and healthy society.
        • These broader effects are driven by deeper underlying factors, like
          • history,
          • diversity,
          • cohesiveness and
          • social capital, and also
          • political climate and
          • institutions.
        • In other words,
          • just as digital world is shaping the physical world,
          • physical world shapes our digital world as well.
      • author: Prateek Raj
        • assistant professor in strategy, Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore
    1. I see no reason to think that the current situation will change: Tech will cause problems that require innovative solutions and tech will be part of those solutions. Machine learning (ML) is right now an example of this
      • for: progress trap, unintended consequence, unintended consequence - digital technology, quote, quote - progress trap, quote - David Weinberger
      • quote: I see no reason to think that the current situation will change:
        • Tech will cause problems that require innovative solutions and
        • tech will be part of those solutions.
        • Machine learning (ML) is right now an example of this
      • author: David Weinberger
        • senior researcher at Harvard’s Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society
  8. Jul 2023
    1. I have been using the Outline of Knowledge (OoK) which Adler developed for the Propædia volume of the 15th edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica (orig. publ. 1974) as my way of indexing knowledge (there is a blog series describing this). I am now working on Part 7 of the series, which is concerned with porting from a card-based analogue system to a digital computer-based form, using the insights gained from having done so via the analogue approach initially.It appears as though the final version of the OoK which ever appeared was in 2010, and is archived at The Internet Archive.I am interested in whether anyone has continued using the OoK or has expanded upon it in any formalised or systematic way. I have made my own mods to it, of course, as it is several decades old and could bear with some revision. But I am not aware of any organisation or group that may already be doing this, including the Britannica itself (which seems a shame, if it is the case).Does anyone know of any such efforts?

      reply to u/TheVoroscope at https://www.reddit.com/r/antinet/comments/va2s09/comment/jtwqhd7/?utm_source=reddit&utm_medium=web2x&context=3

      u/TheVoroscope, the only things I've seen on it are the original and what you've written. I suspect anything current will be quite niche and would require searching in the areas of academic journal articles or at the level of graduate studies within the library sciences where you might find something. Simon Winchester had a section on the rise and downfall of the Encyclopedia Britannica in his most recent book Knowing What We Know (2023) which has a brief mention of the Propædia, but it was broadly described as a $32 million dollar bomb that ended the Encyclopedia. I would suspect that the last printings in 2010 and 2012 were probably the last more as a result of the rise of internet usage than they were the form and function of the Propædia itself though.

    1. Nov 23, 2022

      The internet is the most technically complex system humanity has ever built. Jim Kurose, Professor at UMass Amherst, has been challenged to explain the internet to 5 different people; a child, a teen, a college student, a grad student, and an expert.

  9. Jun 2023
    1. They create a lot of useful content on there site, which they are happy for users to copy and paste for use elsewhere. They wanted to know how often this was happening, on which pages, and what text.
  10. May 2023
    1. One click to turn any web page into a card. Organize your passions.


      In beta May 2023, via:

      All right. @Aboard is in Beta. @richziade and I are to blame, and everyone else deserves true credit. Here's an animated GIF that explains the entire product. Check out https://t.co/i9RXiJLvyA, sign up, and we're waving in tons of folks every day. pic.twitter.com/7WS1OPgsHV

      — Paul Ford (@ftrain) May 17, 2023
      <script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script>
    1. Incidentally, when a straightforwardly “I’m a Nazi” Nazi showed up in the beta, people used the report function, and the Bluesky team labeled the account and banned it from the Bluesky app and restricted promotion of the account of the person who invited him. This changed exactly none of the tenor of the Nazi conversation on Mastodon, but it happened.

      Now just imagine the equivalent on the scale of an entire server and you've got the story of Mastodon's incredibly centralized, swift expulsion of Gab's influence. Here's The Verge's version for the moment.

    1. These are machine-learning models that can generate content that before this point in history, only humans could make. This includes text, images, videos, and audio.

      Appleton posits that the waves of generative AI output will expand the dark forest enormously in the sense of feeling all alone as a human online voice in an otherwise automated sea of content.

    2. However, even personal websites and newsletters can sometimes be too public, so we retreat further into gatekept private chat apps like Slack, Discord, and WhatsApp.These apps allow us to spend most of our time in real human relationships and express our ideas, with things we say taken in good faith and opportunities for real discussions.The problem is that none of this is indexed or searchable, and we’re hiding collective knowledge in private databases that we don’t own. Good luck searching on Discord!

      Appleton sketches a layering of dark forest web (silos mainly), cozy web (personal sites, newsletters, public but intentionally less reach), and private chat groups, where you are in pseudo closed or closed groups. This is not searchable so any knowledge gained / expressed there is inaccessible to the wider community. Another issue I think is that these closed groups only feel private, but are in fact not. Examples mentioned like Slack, Discord and Whatsapp are definitely not private. The landlord is wacthing over your shoulder and gathering data as much as the silos up in the dark forest.

    3. The overwhelming flood of this low-quality content makes us retreat away from public spaces of the web. It's too costly to spend our time and energy wading through it.

      Strickler compares this to black zones as described in [[Three Body Problem _ Dark Forest by Cixin Liu]], withdraw into something smaller which is safe but also excluding yourself permanently from the greater whole. Liu describes planets that lower the speed of light around them on purpose so they can't escape their own planet anymore. Which makes others leave them alone, because they can't approach them either.

    4. This is a theory proposed by Yancey Striker in 2019 in the article The Dark Forest Theory of the InternetYancey describes some trends and shifts around what it feels like to be in the public spaces of the web.

      Hardly a 'theory', a metaphor re-applied to experiencing online interaction. (Strickler ipv Striker)

      The internet feels lifeless: ads, trolling factories, SEO optimisation, crypto scams, all automated. No human voices. The internet unleashes predators: aggressie behaviour at scale if you do show yourself to be a human. This is the equivalent of Dark Forest.

      Yancey Strickler https://onezero.medium.com/the-dark-forest-theory-of-the-internet-7dc3e68a7cb1 https://onezero.medium.com/beyond-the-dark-forest-a905e2dd8ae0 https://www.ystrickler.com/

  11. Apr 2023
    1. reinventing Google Sidewiki or similar systems in which replies exist outside of the network itself.

      I'm ashamed/bewildered to confess that I have zero recollection of Google Sidewiki... Given the medium in which I'm typing this right now - and a whole bunch of other anecdotes from my online life - I think I would have been very engaged with such a thing.

      What a Wiki page though! Thank you. Bless. Through it, I discovered the Google Toolbar Help YouTube Channel.

    1. Propuso el Memex en As we may Think.

      ¿De qué manera una maquina puede cambiar la manera en que pienso? ¿Un ejemplo podría estar relacionado con la imprenta y la forma en que leemos?

  12. Mar 2023
  13. Feb 2023
    1. Wywiad Filipa Lecha z Marcinem Wilkowskim na temat historii polskiego internetu i kultury cyfrowej.

    2. "Sieć przyjaciół. Serwis społecznościowy oczami etnografa" Piotra Cichockiego

      Piotr Cichocki, Sieć przyjaciół. Serwis społecznościowy oczami etnografa, Instytut Etnologii i Antropologii Kulturowej Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego 2012.

      Książka w katalogu Nukat: http://katalog.nukat.edu.pl/lib/item?id=chamo:2727292&fromLocationLink=false&theme=nukat

      Książka w katalogu Worldcat: https://worldcat.org/title/920454035

    3. Marta Juza, badaczka internetu i kultury internetowej w Polsce, w książce "Kultura Internetu w Polsce: od akademickich początków do upowszechnienia zjawiska" opisywała w jaki sposób środowisko profesjonalne, które zakładało w Polsce Internet infrastrukturalnie, ale było też odpowiedzialne za pierwsze projekty webowe, podchodziło do nowych użytkowników – internautów sprzed czasów Neostrady

      Marta Juza, Kultura internetu w Polsce. Od akademickich początków do upowszechnienia zjawiska, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. Komisji Edukacji Narodowej 2012.

      Książka w katalogu Nukat: http://katalog.nukat.edu.pl/lib/item?id=chamo:2755596&fromLocationLink=false&theme=nukat

      Książka w katalogu Worldcat: https://worldcat.org/title/829796628

    4. Dzisiaj jest to bardzo rzadkie, właściwie niespotykane.

      Faktycznie, rzadkie, jednak dające się jeszcze spotkać. Dwa przykłady: - https://webring.xxiivv.com/ - https://gossipsweb.net/

    5. Dzieci przychodziły z zeszytami, w których miały zanotowane adresy stron.

      Sam miałem taki zeszyt. Zeszyt z adresami, które chciałem odwiedzić, jak już będę w kafejce internetowej, do której zabierze mnie rodzeństwo (ostatecznie nie zabrało).

    6. Netartowa artystka Olia Lialina w 2005 roku napisała esej "Vernacular Web" mówiący o webie, który pamiętamy z lat 90. – kolorowym, niejednorodnym, pełnym gifów – z całą tą twórczością oddolną, za którą widać realnego człowieka, a nie korporację czy proces optymalizacji.
    7. Na swoim blogu (web96.pl), na którym zajmujesz się m.in. historią polskiego Internetu


      Blog Marcina Wilkowskiego o polskim dziedzictwie cyfrowym i historii polskiego Internetu.

    1. Internet y las redes sociales han revolucionado la forma de informarnos, comunicarnos y relacionarnos. Ya sea con nuestro entorno más cercano o con el resto del mundo, los jóvenes nunca habían tenido la oportunidad de aprender y expresar sus puntos de vista tanto como ahora.

      Hay que tener especial cuidado con las "libertades" que se dan a los niños por ser "maduros" los niños necesitan del adulto y de su guía para poder ser personas con derechos y deberes

    1. Renewables and nuclear energy will dominate the growth of global electricity supply over the next three years, together meeting on average more than 90% of the additional demand

      The IEA listing this in this quote is really helpful.

    1. These may or may not help. Things have certainly changed in the past several years, but if we have learned anything, the "infinite memory of the internet" is anything but. Dependencies vanish and die all the time. So, while you may have a list of dependencies, if you don't have those actual dependencies locally with you, you may be out of luck. Even if the actual project still exists, the older versions you depend on may not.

      Reminds me of a blog on Internet Archive Blogs post by Brewster Kahle from November 2022, Digital Books wear out faster than Physical Books, which was also referenced on Hacker News.

      让我想起了 2022 年 11 月「Internet Archive Blogs」上 Brewster Kahle 发表的一篇文章,「Digital Books wear out faster than Physical Books(电子书比实体书磨损得更快)」。当时 Hacker News 上也有人 引用 过这篇文章。

  14. Jan 2023
    1. the lack of external input—of content to consume—is terrifying to people, to the extent that singular artifacts of media aren't sufficient. you need multiple inputs at once, to hedge against the possibility that one of them will fail to hold your attention and force you to sit in the quiet of your own mind.

      Overwhelming the senses, numbing thought -- antithetical to meditation, blocking thought rather than releasing it, detachment from reality and immersion in the created world, embracing overwhelm instead of deep experience

  15. Dec 2022
    1. ---.._ `\ ,;;;, "--.._ |,%%%%%% _ `\;;;; -\ _ _.'/\ try not to buy ,;;;;" .__{=====/_)==:_ || .io domains. ,,,;;;;;'`-./.____,'/ / '.\/ bcuz they're icky. 🤮 ;;;;;' `--.._.' / '-. `\/ ,'`. | __.-' \ ,' '`` `---`

      Advice around .io domains

    2. .io is the official domain of "the british indian ocean territory"

      .io domain name

    1. I want to insist on an amateur internet; a garage internet; a public library internet; a kitchen table internet.

      Social media should be comprised of people from end to end. Corporate interests inserted into the process can only serve to dehumanize the system.

      Robin Sloan is in the same camp as Greg McVerry and I.

    1. ephemeral sources .t3_znbvw3._2FCtq-QzlfuN-SwVMUZMM3 { --postTitle-VisitedLinkColor: #9b9b9b; --postTitleLink-VisitedLinkColor: #9b9b9b; --postBodyLink-VisitedLinkColor: #989898; }

      reply to: https://www.reddit.com/r/antinet/comments/znbvw3/ephemeral_sources/

      If it makes you feel better, this is a long standing problem of document and source loss. As just a small historical example from a fellow, but very early, note taker and practitioner of the ars excerpendi (art of excerpting):

      Presumed to have been written in the fifth century Stobaeus compiled an extensive two volume manuscript commonly known as The Anthologies of excerpts containing 1,430 poetry and prose quotations of classical ancient works from Greece and Rome of which only 315 original sources are still extant in the 21st century.[1] Large portions of our knowledge of many famous classical texts and plays are the result of his notes. Perhaps your notes will one day serve as the only references to famous documents of our time?

      Often for digital copies of things, I'll use a browser bookmarklet to quickly save archive copies of pages to the Internet Archive as I'm excerpting or annotating them. See https://help.archive.org/help/save-pages-in-the-wayback-machine/ for some ways of doing this.

      [1] Moller, Violet. The Map of Knowledge: A Thousand-Year History of How Classical Ideas Were Lost and Found. 1st ed. New York: Doubleday, 2019. https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/books/546484/the-map-of-knowledge-by-violet-moller/.

    1. On the other hand, some of the most significant problemswith the Internet today relate to lack of sufficient tools fordistributed management,especially in the area of routing.In the large intemet being currently operated, routingdecisions need to be constrained by policies for resourceusage. Today this can be done only in a very limitedway, which requires manual setting of tables. This iserror-prone and at the same time not sufficientlypowerful. The most important change in the Internetarchitecture over the next few years will probably be thedevelopment of a new generation of tools formanagement of resources in the context of multipleadministrations.

      Internet routing problems

      This was written in 1988, and is still somewhat true today.

    2. The technique selected for multiplexing was packetswitching. Au alternative such as circuit switching couldhave been considered, but the applications beingsupported, such as remote login, were naturally served bythe packet switching paradigm, and the networks whichwere to be integrated together in this project were packetswitching networks. So packet switching was acceptedas a fundamental component of the Internet architecture.

      Packet-switched versus circuit-switched

      The first networks were packet-switched over circuits. (I remember the 56Kbps circuit modems that were upgraded to T1 lines.) Of course, it has switched now—circuits are emulated over packet switched networks.

    3. D. Clark. 1988. The design philosophy of the DARPA internet protocols. In Symposium proceedings on Communications architectures and protocols (SIGCOMM '88). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 106–114. https://doi.org/10.1145/52324.52336

      The Internet protocol suite, TCP/IP, was first proposed fifteen years ago. It was developed by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), and has been used widely in military and commercial systems. While there have been papers and specifications that describe how the protocols work, it is sometimes difficult to deduce from these why the protocol is as it is. For example, the Internet protocol is based on a connectionless or datagram mode of service. The motivation for this has been greatly misunderstood. This paper attempts to capture some of the early reasoning which shaped the Internet protocols.

  16. Nov 2022
    1. THE WEAPONIZATION OF THE INTERNET: In this paper I argue that a critical revision of the last 30 years of internet governance provides novel insights into the mechanics of a process often discussed as internet fragmentation.
    1. . Barbrook shows how this futurist prophecy is borrowed from America’s defunct Cold War enemy: Stalinist Russia. Technological progress was the catalyst of social transformation. With copyright weakening, intellectual commodities were mutating into gifts. Invented in capitalist America, the Net in the late-1990s had become the first working model of communism in human history.

      Amazing mix of stalinism, gift-economy, less copyrights & social progress in one paragraph.

    1. It's gonna go great!

      It will be as messay as, the internet itself, as the web itself. Which works. The abberation imo is centralised website silos on top of a fully federated internet and web. At least AP embraces the underlying srtucture of the internet, and the underlying structure of human networks. Federation brings the human and tech networks to a closer resemblance, which brings more digital affordances, esp social ones we have offline already.

  17. Oct 2022
    1. And one day, while having a little smackerel of something, the absurdity of this just hit me.How absurd it is that we create something like the Internet. A global web of interconnected computers. And someone makes us believe that to communicate with each other we need the help of a dysfunctional, closed building that shuts people out and harms people and the environment with their business model.The internet is out here, outside those walls. And it won’t exclude anyone or throw anyone out.The internet is already a social medium.

      Jaron Lanier once gave a similar example. How weird it is that to have a conversation with a person, a third party has to be involved. Like a social network. Why not just have the conversation on your own domains? This also reaches out to the idea of webmentions and having conversations through your blog or website.

    1. “Cheap and democratic as it was, Berners-Lee’s Web didn’t have half the features Xanadu promised to, and two-way linking was one of them

      Ted Nelson and TBL were for a long time not sharing the same vision. Also see http://hyperland.com/TBLpage

    1. Some information sticks around when it shouldn’t, while other information vanishes when it should remain.

      Dit is een ironisch gegeven. Sommige ogenschijnlijk tijdelijke posts blijven lang online (van memes op social media tot cyberbullying) terwijl duurzame en relevante kennis over tijd verdwijnt. Ik merkte dit zelf tijdens het schrijven van [[Bloghelden]], over de geschiedenis van blogs in Nederland. Veel blogs waren begrijpelijk verdwenen en opslag op bv The Internet Archive had veel gaten.

    2. The web, like the internet, is a collective hallucination, a set of independent efforts united by common technological protocols to appear as a seamless, magical whole.

      Dit ligt dicht bij het idee van David Weinberger "Small Pieces Loosely Joined"

    3. the internet had and has no main menu, no CEO, no public stock offering, no formal organization at all. There are only engineers who meet every so often to refine its suggested communications protocols that hardware and software makers, and network builders, are then free to take up as they please.

      Het internet is één groot succes voor decentralisatie. Als het internet succesvol was gestart als centraal systeem (denk aan Compuserve, AOL en ons eigen Het Net) dan zou het er veel anders uitzien. Dankzij het decentrale protocol kan het internet zijn wat het nu is.

    1. The firefox hypothes.is bookmarklet I use doesn’t seem to play nice with archive.org. There’s another I haven’t tested yet.

      I noticed the same thing. Does hypothes.is work with the Internet Archive in any scenario? I think it's a great tool and concept, but link rot limits it compared to saving pages and annotations locally (my preferred solution for that is Mark-It to turn a page into markdown or SingeFile to turn it into HTML and then adding highlights).

    1. Walter Benjamin termed the book ‘an outdated mediationbetween two filing systems’

      reference for this quote? date?

      Walter Benjamin's fantastic re-definition of a book presaged the invention of the internet, though his instantiation was as a paper based machine.

    1. He started work at COMSAT, where he had access to funding from the Department of Defense, some of which was earmarked for the ARPANET. “It was a sandbox,” he later told an interviewer. “We just were told, ‘Do good deeds.’ But the good deeds were things like develop electronic mail, and protocols.”

      Early ARPANET: Do Good Deeds

    2. “I always thought that was sort of black magic,” Vint Cerf, a pioneer of Internet infrastructure, told me.

      Vint Cerf on NTP

      If Vint Cerf thinks it is black magic, you know it is going to be deeply complex code. The rest of the article bears this out.

  18. Sep 2022
    1. Artificial intelligence is the defining industrial and technical paradigm of the remainder of our lifetimes.

      BOOM! This is a strong claim. 20-30 years ago we would have said the same, starting with the word "internet". which begs the question - what's the Venn diagram for AI and the internet? Are they the same? Is one a necessary condition for the other?

    1. imagine a future where educators are able to trace the impact they have had on learners' journeys. Educators can identify which teaching methods worked best for which learners and which approaches were most effective at enabling the learners to translate that learning into practice

      There is some transformative potential here for these insights to be valuable for Educators as well as to serve as data points that help Learners. be more informed consumers (especially when the data allows for "twinning" that allows for Learners to approximate anticipated outcomes based on historical outcomes for people who share characteristics with them). At the same time, a clear hurdle separating the aspirations from the reality is the priority of the ownership. It seems that for all the exciting potential, getting there necessarily triggers a dynamic of multiple stakeholders having legitimate assertions of ownership over the data, meaning that compromises must be made, and that we may quickly begin to see qualifications to the notion of learner ownership that are a far cry from any absolute, binary interpretation. This is not necessarily a bad thing, but if it is in fact a thing, it's something to be acknowledged and centered so as to avoid appearing (or being) disingenuous brokers of the conversation.

    1. So this is one of these things where the idea that you could make an internet is 100%, just from biology being so much more complex and working so well for decades.DEVON: And why is the decentralization of biological systems and of the internet so important for scalability?

      !- relationship : internet to biology - internet was designed to biomimic biological systems for redundancy, resiliency, decentralized

    2. The ARPA community was about, "Hey, we're in deep trouble and we're getting in deeper trouble. We need to get more enlightened and we need to do what Doug Engelbart called... we need to not just augment human beings, augment human intellect, but we have to augment the collective IQ of groups." Because most important things are done by groups of people. And so we have to think about what it means to have a group that's smarter than any member rather than a group that is less than the stupidest members.

      !- salient : collaboration - the key point of the internet, or what was then called the "intergalactic network" was collaboration at scale to solve global challenges - The Most Important things are done by groups of people

  19. Aug 2022
    1. The Tegos Tapes is an interesting example of an obscure and heretofore unreleased Vangelis soundtrack unknown by many of even his most devoted fans.The Tegos Tapes were produced originally by the Greek medical professional Dr. Stergios Tegos, and contain educational examples of his microneurosurgery work. This VHS set of tapes was not intended for general release to the Public as these training videos were mainly intended for student surgeons in training or offered to other microneurosurgeons via Dr. Tegos exclusively.Dr. Tegos asked his close friend Vangelis to create a background soundtrack to accompany these videos and Vangelis agreed, composing nearly 8 hours of some of his more pleasing and ambient music. Dr. Tegos thought that a background musical score composed and performed by Vangelis himself would ease the monotony and dryness of the subject matter and help the viewer to focus more effectively.
    1. Right, it’s a problem of authority. When people don’t trust those charged with conveying the truth, they won’t accept it. And at some point, like I said, we’ll have to reconfigure our democracy. Our politicians and institutions are going to have to adjust to the new world in which the public can’t be walled off or controlled. Leaders can’t stand at the top of pyramids anymore and talk down to people. The digital revolution flattened everything. We’ve got to accept that.

      Martin Gurri holds that we need to reconfigure our democracy where the public cannot be walled off or controlled by politicians or institutions because the digital revolution flattened everything.

    1. All in all the internet seems to be getting smaller and smaller, I don't use any social media apart from HN and Reddit, and I only use Reddit because I seem to still be addicted to it since it's probably one of the most censored of all of them.10 years ago as a 20 year old I benefited greatly from how the internet was, here is an example: I grew up on the idea that there was nothing wrong with porn, and there isn't per se, and no one ever spoke about addiction like behavior when it came to watching it, then one day I discover a controversial post on Reddit and dove down the rabbit hole and lo and behold I had the same problems as this community of people trying to quit watching it, and I benefited from their experiences and knowledge, same about discovering communities against social media like Facebook, which pushed me to research the subject and deleting my account, etc. but now it seems like any controversial community is quickly banned or pushed aside in its own unfindable bubble and that to me is a great loss.I want to see people have an opposite opinion than mine, and I want to be able to get into heated non censored discussions in comment sections and get suggestions about articles, studies and content to challenge my views.

      Opinions different from your own exist only in "unfindable bubbles" on today's internet.

  20. Jul 2022
  21. www.peoplevsalgorithms.com www.peoplevsalgorithms.com
    1. Media is a game of intent and attention. The most valuable platforms dominate one or the other. Few win at both. On the internet, our intent is funneled into commercial action.

      people vs. algorithms

    1. I think actually the most critical component is going to be leveraging existing security mechanisms that have been built for resilience and incorporating those into these devices, which is actually what I'm building right now. That's what Thistle Technologies is doing, we're trying to help companies get to that place where they've got modern security mechanisms in their devices without having to build all the infrastructure that's required in order to deliver that. 

      Third-party tool for IoT device updates

      Trying to make them as regular and predictable as what we have for desktop devices now.

    1. WiFi QR code is simply a text QR code with a special format as follows:WIFI:S:<SSID>;T:<WEP|WPA|blank>;P:<PASSWORD>;H:<true|false|blank>;;The S sets the SSID of the network, T defines the security in use, P is the password and H whether the network is hidden or not.

      WiFi QR code format

    1. The internet, as a mediator of human interactions, is not a place, it is a time. It is the past. I mean this in a literal sense. The layers of artifice that mediate our online interactions mean that everything that comes to us online comes to us from the past—sometimes the very recent past, but the past nonetheless.
    1. . Denn durch das Aufkommen der neu-en Medien, insbesondere des Internets, tragen Medien nichtnur in sich und an sich bereits Botschaften aus, sondern werdenselbst zu ontologischen Faktoren unserer Lebenswelt, hinter de-nen ihr medialer und technologischer Charakter zunehmendverschwinde

      Verschwindet der technologische Charakter u.a. auch aufgrund der Fluidität, der Reibungslosigkeit, wie sie auch Floridi anspricht?



    1. National Emergency Library

      Internet Archive's National Emergency Library

      Also not CDL: no limit on simultaneous use, author opt-out, book must have been published more than 5 years prior.

  22. Jun 2022
    1. kollektive person kennen wir auch durch zb staaten oder auch unternehmen juristische personen

      Korporationen - Kollektive - schon wieder ein latourscher Begriff

    2. hier hat man jetzt schon aus soziologischer sicht eine ganz ähnliche blickrichtung auf diese finden also ein sehr lesenswertes buch für diejenigen unter ihnen die sich ihre soziologisch diesem phänomen der 00:06:26 digitalität zuwenden wollen

      Manuel Castells - Der Aufstieg der Netzwerkgesellschaft

    3. der raum der ströme und die zeitlose zeit

      Man kann nicht zweimal in dasselbe Internet steigen.

    1. das internet verdienen eigentlich gar nicht mehr so meine these medium 00:11:52 genannt zu werden weil das internet vermittelt nicht primär wie es zum beispiel ein telefonbuch oder ein anderes medium eine zeitung oder so die 00:12:04 zwischen einem sender und einem empfänger irgendeine information getauscht sondern das internet selbst ist gewissermaßen eine neue ebene die 00:12:16 sender und empfänger auf derselben ebene miteinander in beziehung setzt und eben diese unterscheidung dadurch auf hebt das internet ist nicht nur ein medium es ist ein virtueller handlungsraum auf dem 00:12:31 natürlich wieder neuen medien entstehen können das sei unbestrittenes geht internet zeitschrift und ganz klar die dann wieder diesem sender boten modell entsprechen aber das internet selbst 00:12:43 scheint mir nicht mehr im rahmen eines mediums medienbetriebs adäquat erfassen zu sein das heißt die neuen medien verändern nicht nur unsere weise der wahl gewählt was sich sicherlich tun sind sie schaffen auch neue realität 00:12:56 nämlich virtuelle realität das internet wird schon sagt ist nicht nur ein medium ist es auch im medium aber ich glaube nicht vor allem soll jetzt ein virtueller handlungsraum
    1. einkaufsmeilen aber die straßen usw spricht die infrastruktur zum glück in deutschland jedenfalls ist nicht so stark kommerzialisiert das beginnt jetzt mit einer autobahn-maut

      Freie Infrastruktur als grundsätzlich demokratische Forderung, bezieht sich auch auf das Internet

    2. wikipedia und das ist in meinen augen ein paradigma für die erkenntnistheorie die app is technologie der digitalität

      Wikipedia als Paradigma für die Erkenntnistheorie des Internets