877 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. As summarized by Craft Assistant... (lmao)

      The writer reflects on an encounter with a woman in a large SUV and delves into the psychology of American car buyers. They discuss the Volkswagen Atlas and its features, including its VR6 engine and fuel efficiency. The writer also discusses the Atlas Cross Sport and compares it to other SUVs in the market. They conclude that while the Atlas has its strengths, it may not stand out compared to its competitors. The article includes various quotes and references related to the Volkswagen Atlas.

  2. Jan 2024
    1. 在您向您的孩子們揭示令人振奮的英文和中文的文學世界時

      Nice. This is a doc I downloaded from the web (public resource). DocDrop allows me to upload it by dragging and dropping, and start annotating as usual. This complementary functionality of Hypothesis makes social annotation complete.

      DocDrop 的特點是,允許上傳某一文件,存於雲端。每個使用者有多少空間?能存續多久?這些都是未知數。

      -- 註記實例:

      翻譯體 translationese

    1. we believe that that annotation is a really important 00:05:05 uh potential tool and we think it's inevitable we could you know have our product teams develop an annotation layer you know or service um this just seems a such a better way to to go about 00:05:16 doing that um and as i said before to to invest in open at the same time makes a lot of sense so we're thinking about um how do we make the best use of our resources

      Docdrop is another tool enabled by Hypothesis (Hypothes.is). Here's I'm annotating a portion of transcript of a YouTube video clip.

    1. [With Zeplin] we started to engage both UX and engineering teams in the same conversations and suddenly that opened our eyes to what was going on, and overall streamlined our build process.

      may need new tag: combining/bringing different audiences together in the same conversation/context/tool

    1. The third is the brain of the observer. This is also a strong element in film criticism where the camera is the third eye, the eye of the artificial narrator. The most intelligent film about the third eye spying on the action is `Snake Eyes,' where we last saw Gugino. (You may want to check my comments on that film to see what I mean.)
  3. Dec 2023
    1. Universal Summarizer

      (Summary generated with Kagi's Universal Summarizer.)

      Bandcamp has operated as an online music store for over a decade, providing artists and labels with an easy-to-use platform to sell music directly to fans. While receiving little mainstream attention, Bandcamp has paid out $270 million to artists and maintained a simple, artist-focused design. The platform allows free streaming but encourages direct purchases from artists. Chance the Rapper has been a notable champion of Bandcamp, using it for early mixtapes and helping to bring attention to its role in supporting independent musicians. While other services focus on algorithms and playlists, Bandcamp prioritizes direct artist support through low fees and transparent sales data. It has changed little over the years but provides a niche alternative for direct fan-artist connections without the culture-diluting aspects of other streaming services. Bandcamp's low-key approach has helped it avoid issues faced by competitors while continuing to innovate for artists.

    1. Untangling Threads by Erin Kissane on 2023-12-21

      This immediately brings up the questions of how the following - founder effects and being overwhelmed by the scale of an eternal September - communism of community interactions being subverted bent for the purposes of (surveillance) capitalism (see @Graeber2011, Debt)

    1. I disagree. What is expressed is an attempt to solve X by making something that should maybe be agnostic of time asynchronous. The problem is related to design: time taints code. You have a choice: either you make the surface area of async code grow and grow or you treat it as impure code and you lift pure synchronous logic in an async context. Without more information on the surrounding algorithm, we don't know if the design decision to make SymbolTable async was the best decision and we can't propose an alternative. This question was handled superficially and carelessly by the community.

      superficially and carelessly?

    2. The problem with this pile of questions is that, instead of helping the OP get out of the X Y problem, people stay focussed on Y, mark the question as a duplicate of Y in a matter of minutes and X is never properly addressed.

      sticking too much to policy/habit instead of addressing the specific needs of individuals? too much eagerness to close / mark as duplicate?

  4. Nov 2023
    1. I'm going to call these "Topic Notes" for the rest of the post.Tiago Forte's decomposition of systemsIf you look at the Gardener style products (Zettlekasten software) they are aimed at deep understanding and analysis of a topic.

      Embedded picture in quoted stuff. Check how it seems in Hypothesis.

    1. 楣樑(柱頂楣構) Note: 主要用於古典建築物,是古典柱頭頂部三大主要部份中位置最低的一個,擱在圓柱頂板上,包含以過樑方式橫跨圓柱或角柱的水平橫樑。古典柱頭頂部的另外兩個部份為挑檐和檐壁。環繞門或窗,類似柱頂過樑的鑄模框架,稱為「楣樑飾邊」。環繞拱門外部弧線的裝飾板條,則稱「拱門緣飾」。

      example of meta/hypothesis-on-glasp annotation

      entablature 楣樑;柱頂楣構

      order: 古典建築柱式(style, rule) e.g. Doric order

    1. 城市蔓延(英語:urban sprawl),或稱郊區蔓延(suburban sprawl),俗稱攤大餅,是指郊區城市化過程中,都市人口大幅向外發展,侵佔都市邊緣的鄉郊地區並形成低密度、單功能,且通常依賴小汽車的社區。除了描述特定的城市化過程的模式外,該術語也常常涉及其社會和環境上的後果。歐洲大陸常用「邊緣城市化」(peri-urbanisation)一詞來表示類似的過程,而歐洲環境署仍使用術語「城市蔓延」(urban sprawl)。關於何為蔓延以及如何量化蔓延存在廣泛分歧,例如一些評論員只用每英畝的居住單位數來度量蔓延,但也有人認為蔓延與非中心化(沒有明顯的中心,人口分散)、不連續性(蛙跳式發展,如下定義)和功能分離等有關。

      example of meta/hypothesis-on-omnivore annotation

    1. It would have been fantastic to eschew this ridiculousness, because we all make fun of branded vulnerabilities too, but this was not the right time to make that stand.
    1. I'm tempted to say you can look at uh broadscale social organization uh or like Network Dynamics as an even larger portion of that light 00:32:43 cone but it doesn't seem to have the same continuity well I don't you mean uh it doesn't uh like first person continuity like it doesn't like you think it doesn't it isn't like anything to be 00:32:55 that social AG agent right and and we we both are I think sympathetic to pan psychism so saying even if we only have conscious access to what it's like to be 00:33:08 us at this higher level like it's there's it's possible that there's something that it's like to be a cell but I'm not sure it's possible that there's something that there's something it's like to be say a country
      • for: social superorganism - vs human multicellular being, social superorganism, Homni, major evolutionary transition, MET, MET in Individuality, Indyweb, Indranet, Indyweb/Indranet, CCE cumulative cultural evolution, symmathesy, Gyuri Lajos, individual/collective gestalt, interwingled sensemaking, Deep Humanity, DH, meta crisis, meaning crisis, polycrisis

      • comment

        • True, there is no physical cohesion that binds human beings together into a larger organism, but there is another dimension - informational cohesion.
        • This informational cohesion expresses itself in cumulative cultural evolution. Even this very discussion they are having is an example of that
        • The social superorganism is therefore composed of an informational body and not a physical one and one can think of its major mentations as collective, consensual ideas such as popular memes, movements, governmental or business actions and policies
        • I slept on this and this morning, realized how salient Adam's question was to my own work
          • The comments here build and expand upon what I thought yesterday (my original annotations)
          • The main connections to my own sense-making work are:
            • Within our specific human species, the deep entanglement between self and other (the terminology that our Deep Humanity praxis terms the "individual / collective gestalt")
            • The Deep Humanity / SRG claim that the concurrent meaning / meta / poly crisis may be an evolutionary test foreshadowing the next possible Major Evolutionary Transition in Individuality.<br /> - https://jonudell.info/h/facet/?max=100&expanded=true&user=stopresetgo&exactTagSearch=true&any=MET+in+Individuality
              • As Adam notes, collective consciousness may be more a metaphorical rather than a literal so a social superorganism, (one reference refers to it as Homni
              • may be metaphorical only as this higher order individual lacks the physical signaling system to create a biological coherence that, for instance, an animal body possesses.
              • Nevertheless, the informational connections do exist that bind individual humans together and it is not trivial.
              • Indeed, this is exactly what has catapulted our species into modernity where our cumulative cultural evolution (CCE) has defined the concurrent successes and failures of our species. Modernity's meaning / meta / polycrisis and progress traps are a direct result of CCE.
              • Humanity's intentions and its consequences, both intended and unintended are what has come to shape the entire trajectory of the biosphere. So the impacts of human CCE are not trivial at all. Indeed, a paper has been written proposing that human information systems could be the next Major System Transition (MST) that could lead to another future MET that melds biotic and abiotic
              • This circles back to Adam's question and what has just emerged for me is this question:
                • Is it possible that we could evolve in some kind of hybrid direction where we are biologically still separate individuals BUT deeply intertwingled informationally through CCE and something like the theoretical Indyweb/Indranet which is an explicit articulation of our theoretical informational connectivity?
                • In other words, could "collective consciousness be explicitly defined in terms of an explicit, externalized information system reflecting intertwingled individual/collective learning?
            • The Indyweb / Indranet informational laminin protein / connective tissue that informationally binds individuals to others in an explicit, externalized means of connecting the individual informational nodes of the social superorganism, giving it "collective consciousness" (whereas prior to Indyweb / Indranet, this informational laminin/connective tissue was not systematically developed so all informational connection, for example of the existing internet, is incomplete and adhoc)
            • The major trajectory paths that global or localized cultural populations take can become an indication of the behavior of collective consciousness.
              • Voting, both formal and informal is an expression of consensus leading to consensual behavior and the consensual behavior could be a reflection of Homni's collective consciousness
      • insight

        • While socially annotating this video, a few insights occurred after last night's sleep:
          • Hypothes.is lacks timebound sequence granularity. Indyweb / Indranet has this feature built in and we need it for social annotation. Why? All the information within this particular annotation cannot be machine sorted into a time series. As the social annotator, I actually have to point out which information came first, second, etc. This entire comment, for instance was written AFTER the original very short annotation. Extra tags were updated to reflect the large comment.
          • I gained a new realization of the relationship and intertwingularity of individual / collective learning while writing and reflecting on this social annotation. I think it's because of Adam's question that really revolves around MET of Individuality and the 3 conversant's questioning of the fluid and fuzzy boundary between "self" and "other"
            • Namely, within Indyweb / Indranet there are two learning pillars that make up the entirety of external sensemaking:
              • the first is social annotation of the work of others
              • the second is our own synthesis of what we learned from others (ie. our social annotations)
            • It is the integration of these two pillars that is the sum of our sensemaking parts. Social annotations allow us to sample the edge of the sensemaking work of others. After all, when we ingest one specific information source of others, it is only one of possibly many. Social annotations reflect how our whole interacts with their part. However, we may then integrate that peripheral information of the other more deeply into our own sensemaking work, and that's where we must have our own central synthesizing Indyweb / Indranet space to do that work.
            • It is this interplay between different poles that constitute CCE and symmathesy, mutual learning.
            • adjacency between
              • Indyweb / Indranet name space
              • Indranet
              • automatic vs manual references / citations
            • adjacency statement
              • Oh man, it's so painful to have to insert all these references and citations when Indranet is designed to do all this! A valuable new meme just emerged to express this:
                • Pain between the existing present situation and the imagined future of the same si the fuel that drives innovation.
      • quote: Gien

        • Pain between an existing present situation and an imagined, improved future is the fuel that drives innovation.
      • date: 2023, Nov 8
  5. Oct 2023
    1. Meta reported to switch payments for tracking in EU, as a way around GDPR issues w tracking. Based on EUCJ verdict in which it was mentioned as an aside. NOYB says this has been previously allowed at media-sites. Imo it was backward then, because it retains the fiction that advertising is only possible with tracking, which is false.

  6. Sep 2023
    1. In this system, users of Meta’s social media platforms have very little say in decisions made by the company. The users of Meta have few actions they can take that influence the company, but what they can do is:

      True, even doing simple things like making it easier to choose which data you want to share would be a step in the right direction.

  7. Aug 2023
    1. Thus far, we see 125 comments tagged ChatGPTedu(https://hypothes.is/search?q=tag%3AChatGPTedu), thoughthere are likely many more not tagged.

    Tags

    Annotators

  8. Jul 2023
    1. html <meta http-equiv="Accept-CH" content="DPR, Viewport-Width, Width"> ... <picture> <!-- serve WebP to Chrome and Opera --> <source media="(min-width: 50em)" sizes="50vw" srcset="/image/thing-200.webp 200w, /image/thing-400.webp 400w, /image/thing-800.webp 800w, /image/thing-1200.webp 1200w, /image/thing-1600.webp 1600w, /image/thing-2000.webp 2000w" type="image/webp"> <source sizes="(min-width: 30em) 100vw" srcset="/image/thing-crop-200.webp 200w, /image/thing-crop-400.webp 400w, /image/thing-crop-800.webp 800w, /image/thing-crop-1200.webp 1200w, /image/thing-crop-1600.webp 1600w, /image/thing-crop-2000.webp 2000w" type="image/webp"> <!-- serve JPEGXR to Edge --> <source media="(min-width: 50em)" sizes="50vw" srcset="/image/thing-200.jpgxr 200w, /image/thing-400.jpgxr 400w, /image/thing-800.jpgxr 800w, /image/thing-1200.jpgxr 1200w, /image/thing-1600.jpgxr 1600w, /image/thing-2000.jpgxr 2000w" type="image/vnd.ms-photo"> <source sizes="(min-width: 30em) 100vw" srcset="/image/thing-crop-200.jpgxr 200w, /image/thing-crop-400.jpgxr 400w, /image/thing-crop-800.jpgxr 800w, /image/thing-crop-1200.jpgxr 1200w, /image/thing-crop-1600.jpgxr 1600w, /image/thing-crop-2000.jpgxr 2000w" type="image/vnd.ms-photo"> <!-- serve JPEG to others --> <source media="(min-width: 50em)" sizes="50vw" srcset="/image/thing-200.jpg 200w, /image/thing-400.jpg 400w, /image/thing-800.jpg 800w, /image/thing-1200.jpg 1200w, /image/thing-1600.jpg 1600w, /image/thing-2000.jpg 2000w"> <source sizes="(min-width: 30em) 100vw" srcset="/image/thing-crop-200.jpg 200w, /image/thing-crop-400.jpg 400w, /image/thing-crop-800.jpg 800w, /image/thing-crop-1200.jpg 1200w, /image/thing-crop-1600.jpg 1600w, /image/thing-crop-2000.jpg 2000w"> <!-- fallback for browsers that don't support picture --> <img src="/image/thing.jpg" width="50%"> </picture>

    1. ```js // Log the full user-agent data navigator .userAgentData.getHighEntropyValues( ["architecture", "model", "bitness", "platformVersion", "fullVersionList"]) .then(ua => { console.log(ua) });

      // output { "architecture":"x86", "bitness":"64", "brands":[ { "brand":" Not A;Brand", "version":"99" }, { "brand":"Chromium", "version":"98" }, { "brand":"Google Chrome", "version":"98" } ], "fullVersionList":[ { "brand":" Not A;Brand", "version":"99.0.0.0" }, { "brand":"Chromium", "version":"98.0.4738.0" }, { "brand":"Google Chrome", "version":"98.0.4738.0" } ], "mobile":false, "model":"", "platformVersion":"12.0.1" } ```

    1. XMI describes solutions to the above issues by specifying EBNF production rules to create XML documents and Schemas that share objects consistently.
    1. Hypothesis was launched in 2011 and lets individuals and groups of people annotate a wide array of digital content, including academic articles and books.

      In fact, you can use Hypothesis to annotate on this very article about annotation. Very meta (not to be confused, of course, with Meta)!

  9. Jun 2023
    1. Have you ever: Been disappointed, surprised or hurt by a library etc. that had a bug that could have been fixed with inheritance and few lines of code, but due to private / final methods and classes were forced to wait for an official patch that might never come? I have. Wanted to use a library for a slightly different use case than was imagined by the authors but were unable to do so because of private / final methods and classes? I have.
    2. Been disappointed, surprised or hurt by a library etc. that was overly permissive in it's extensibility? I have not.
  10. May 2023
    1. “Functional” is a dirty word in dance music. No one wants to be merely functional, nor find themselves on the receiving end of utilitarianism. You don’t want to be invited to a “function,” either—you want to go to a party. Yet culture has been tacking in the direction of the functional for a while now. Music is composed to study or sleep or chill to. Algorithms anticipate our desires. Any creative act can be made into content, which computers then sell ads in front of. There are brand “activations,” which is just another word for functions. All this matters rather a lot for the state of dance music, which, at its core, is meant to serve a specific purpose. Even its name issues a command: Dance.But the best dance music knows all this and blithely ignores it. Instead, it deftly undercuts function with surprise, or pairs it with emotion in sweet harmony.

      This is one of those hilariously overdone "highlights" but oh my god.

      I need to make a commitment to either seek out more music criticism or figure out once and for all how to effectively communicate to all the different sorts of people in my life who act absurdly justified in demanding I express my thoughts about music ... well

      FUCK OFF.

    1. After 29 billion USD in 2 yrs, Metaverse is still where it was and where Second Life already was in 2003 (Linden Labs and their product Second Life still exist and have been profitable since their start.) I warned a client about jumping into this stuff that Meta while the talk and the walk were not a single thing beyond capabilities that have existed for two decades. https://www.zylstra.org/blog/2022/02/was-second-life-ahead-or-metaverse-nothing-really-new/ en https://www.zylstra.org/blog/2021/11/metaverse-reprise/ Good thing they didn't change their name to anything related .....

  11. Apr 2023
    1. Instead of richly growing over the years, your blog becomes more difficult to manage, and ultimately less useful.

      This has personally been the direct opposite of my experience on Write.as, and I think it's largely to do with the fact that I am constrained to tagging.

      However...

      If more management options helps anyone else feel more cohesively published, I am down to explore.

      I suppose you could extrapolate on that and say... I think adapting to the Musing Studio suite was the best CMS thing that ever happened to me and it's helped tremendously... I feel I know it so well that it's actually hard to think of requests/suggestions lol.

      But I think that function for me (and perhaps others who've been drawn here for similar reasons) has been served, past tense. The perspective/skills have been acquired and you should absolutely feel enabled to get complicated.


      The only request I've come up with is.. perhaps an absorption of the <!--more--> and <!--comment--> into the UI as settings.

  12. Mar 2023
    1. I owe you an apology folks!

      Somehow, I managed to miss a series of critical bad "fixes" which fucked up italics and audio embeds on this post for who knows how long! Hopefully, all should be well, now.

    2. Chat GPT Summary

      This document discusses various iOS apps for Mastodon, a federated social network. The author describes the features and design of each app, highlighting their unique qualities and contributions to the Mastodon experience. The author also reflects on the benefits of using decentralized social media and the potential for continued innovation in this space.

    1. First, dictionaries are not arbiters of highly literate writing; they merely document usage. For example, irregardless has an entry in many dictionaries, even though any self-respecting writer will avoid using it—except, perhaps, in dialogue to signal that a speaker uses nonstandard language, because that is exactly how some dictionaries characterize the word. Yes, it has a place in dictionaries; regardless of that fact, its superfluous prefix renders it an improper term.

      what to call these words? illiterate words?

    1. A Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) is a compact sequence ofcharacters that identifies an abstract or physical resource. Thisspecification defines the generic URI syntax and a process forresolving URI references that might be in relative form, along withguidelines and security considerations for the use of URIs on theInternet. The URI syntax defines a grammar that is a superset of allvalid URIs, allowing an implementation to parse the common componentsof a URI reference without knowing the scheme-specific requirementsof every possible identifier. This specification does not define agenerative grammar for URIs; that task is performed by the individualspecifications of each URI scheme.

      Annotating a PDF... in the browser! And it's linkable?? Incredible.

    1. OpenAI Generated Summary

      This document is an opinion piece that delves into the concerns surrounding Google's power and influence in the tech industry. It discusses recent events such as Google's involvement with the Department of Defense and the leaked video "The Selfish Ledger," which explores the idea of Google manipulating user behavior. The author suggests that Google's dominance warrants greater regulation and urges individuals to consider using alternative services to avoid dependence on the company. The article also explores the inefficiencies of Google as a company and its questionable design choices for its products. Overall, the document is a thought-provoking analysis of the current state of the tech industry and the role of Google within it.

    1. Chat GPT Summary

      The document provides an in-depth analysis of Telegram and its features. The author highlights several benefits of using Telegram, including its low-quality audio recording capabilities, which may be an advantage in some situations where high-quality audio is not necessary. Additionally, Telegram's live location sharing feature is discussed, and the author believes it could be a powerful tool for communities. The feature enables users to connect with others needing rides and users providing them, free of any fees or service charges.

      The document concludes with a discussion of the author's preference for Telegram and its mobile-first optimization. Telegram's software is designed for mobile users, and it is easy to use, robust, and universally simple. The author believes that Telegram's success can be attributed to its thoughtful design decisions and development investment towards mobile-first optimization. Furthermore, the author points out that Telegram has completed a gargantuan amount of projects, including Telegraph, its CMS, its embeddedable comments widgets, and its online theme creation tool. The author notes that Telegram's work is very well-documented across GitHub, and the company has comprehensively iterated, invested in trial and error, and eventually produced tools that remedy the disparate gluttony.

      Overall, the document provides a comprehensive analysis of Telegram and its benefits. The author's preference for Telegram is evident throughout the document, and they provide convincing arguments to support their preference. The document is a valuable resource for anyone interested in learning more about Telegram and its features.

    1. I asked ChatGPT to summarize this piece and it did an apt job, I think:

      This article discusses the impact of Bandcamp, an online music distribution and curation platform, on independent artists and the music industry. The author praises Bandcamp's commitment to independent artists and transparency, and contrasts it with the issues faced by other streaming services. The article also explores the relationship between Bandcamp and SoundCloud, and the role of both platforms in the music industry. The author argues that Bandcamp's continued obscurity in mainstream media is due to its magnanimous approach to business, which is problematic and personally infuriating. The article concludes by discussing the future of Bandcamp and its potential to transform the music industry.

    2. As the industry endeavors once again to reconcile the cultural and financial incentives of streaming digital music, one independent platform has wavered little from its 10-year-long mission to bring the business to the unsigned artist with elegance and integrity.

      I asked ChatGPT to summarize this piece and it did an apt job, I think:

      This article discusses the impact of Bandcamp, an online music distribution and curation platform, on independent artists and the music industry. The author praises Bandcamp's commitment to independent artists and transparency, and contrasts it with the issues faced by other streaming services. The article also explores the relationship between Bandcamp and SoundCloud, and the role of both platforms in the music industry. The author argues that Bandcamp's continued obscurity in mainstream media is due to its magnanimous approach to business, which is problematic and personally infuriating. The article concludes by discussing the future of Bandcamp and its potential to transform the music industry.

  13. Feb 2023
    1. This whole rabbit hole that led to discovering hypothes.is originated because I wanted to suggest TiddlyWiki to an Obsidian user. It seems all roads lead to @chrisaldrich!

  14. Jan 2023
    1. There's a fundamental error in your question: commits are not diffs; commits are snapshots. This might seem like a distinction without a difference—and for some commits, it is. But for merge commits, it's not.
    1. For some scholars, it is critical thatthis new Warburg obsessively kept tabs on antisemitic incidents on the Easternfront, scribbling down aphorisms and thoughts on scraps of paper and storingthem in Zettelkasten that are now searchable.

      Apparently Aby Warburg "obsessively kept" notes on antisemitic incidents on the Eastern front in his zettelkasten.


      This piece looks at Warburg's Jewish identity as supported or not by the contents of his zettelkasten, thus placing it in the use of zettelkasten or card index as autobiography.


      Might one's notes reflect who they were as a means of creating both their identity while alive as well as revealing it once they've passed on? Might the use of historical method provide its own historical method to be taken up on a meta basis after one's death?

  15. Dec 2022
    1. While this offers flexibility to address many operator use cases, it makes simple use cases, like the developer use case, more complicated to express than they need to be.

      annotation meta: may need new tag: - developer use case - more complicated to express than they need to be.

    1. I have yet to see a Snapd or Flatpak build of Audacity that I'm happy with. Those builds are beyond our control as they are made by 3rd parties. I do find it mildly annoying that Flatpak direct users that have problems with their builds to us.

      annotation meta: may need new tag: the runaround?

    1. Meta's receipt of tax information via tracking pixels on tax preparer websites is the subject of a federal lawsuit. The tax preparing sites are not participants in the lawsuit (yet?).

    1. Determinants and outcomes of physical activityin patients with COPD: a systematic review

      Determinants and outcomes of physical activity in patients with COPD: a systematic review

    Tags

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  16. Nov 2022
    1. Meta-analysis statistical procedures provide a measure of the difference between two groups thatis expressed in quantitative units that are comparable across studies

      The units are only "comparable across studies" if there weren't any mishaps (eg, clinical or methodological heterogeneity). If there's clinical heterogeneity, then we're probably comparing apples to oranges (ie, either participants, interventions, or outcomes are different among studies). If there's methodological heterogeneity, then that means there's a difference in study design

    1. PDF summary by Cochrane for planning a meta-analysis at the protocol stage. Gives guidance on how to anticipate & deal with various types of heterogeneity (clinical, methodological , & statistical). Link to paper

      Covers - ways to assess heterogeneity - courses of action if substantial heterogeneity is found - methods to examine the influence of effect modifiers (either to explore heterogeneity or because there's good reason to suggest specific features of participants/interventions/study types will influence effects of the intervention. - methods include subgroup analyses & meta-regression

    2. Statistical heterogeneity is the term given to differences in the effects of interventions and comesabout because of clinical and/or methodological differences between studies (ie it is a consequenceof clinical and/or methodological heterogeneity). Although some variation in the effects ofinterventions between studies will always exist, whether this variation is greater than what isexpected by chance alone needs to be determined.

      If the statistical heterogeneity is larger that what's expected by chance alone, then what does that imply? That there's either clinical or methodological heterogeneity within the pooled studies.

      What's the impact of the presence of clinical heterogeneity? The statistical heterogeneity (variation of effects/results of interventions) becomes greater than what's expected by chance alone

      What's happens if methodological heterogeneity is present? The statistical heterogeneity (variation of effects/results of interventions) becomes greater than what's expected by chance alone

    1. Testing frameworks often introduce their own abstractions for e.g. evaluation order, data validation, reporting, scope, code reuse, state, and lifecycle. In my experience, these abstractions are always needlessly different from (and inferior to) related abstractions provided by the language itself.
    1. 1020669 Total mentions 2642 Research outputs 2627 Outputs with mentions 11 Sources of attention 22551 News mentions 2179 Blog mentions 48 Policy mentions 991389 Twitter mentions 2526 Facebook mentions 128 Video mentions 319 Wikipedia mentions 1488 Reddit mentions 11 Q&A mentions 29 F1000 mentions 1 Peer review mentions

    1. Changing the second line to: foo.txt text !diff would restore the default unset-ness for diff, while: foo.txt text diff will force diff to be set (both will presumably result in a diff, since Git has presumably not previously been detecting foo.txt as binary).

      comments for tag: undefined vs. null: Technically this is undefined (unset, !diff) vs. true (diff), but it's similar enough that don't need a separate tag just for that.

      annotation meta: may need new tag: undefined/unset vs. null/set

  17. Oct 2022
    1. a little flaw (Google translation can not find the translation of the word "瑕疵", so can only use the word "flaw" instead)

      annotation meta: may need new tag: no exact translation in other language

    1. so this means that there are no documentation telling you that this is the way you have to do it anywhere so naturally a lot of devs do not know about this, unless they ask about it by luck or of curiousity.

      annotation meta: may need new tag: how could they know / how would one find out?

    1. First and foremost, we need to acknowledge that even though the funding goal has been met–it does not meet the realistic costs of the project. Bluntly speaking, we did not have the confidence to showcase the real goal of ~1.5 million euros (which would be around 10k backers) in a crowdfunding world where “Funded in XY minutes!” is a regular highlight.

      new tag: pressure to understate the real cost/estimate

    1. Machines understand languages, that are formal and rigid, with unique and unambiguous instructions that are interpreted in precisely one way. Those formal, abstract languages, and programming languages in general, are hard to understand for humans like ourselves. Primarily, they are tailored towards the requirements of the machine. The user is therefore forced to adapt to the complexity of the formal language.

      .

  18. Sep 2022
    1. One of the reasons I initially pushed back on the creation of a JSON Schema for V3 is because I feared that people would try to use it as a document validator. However, I was convinced by other TSC members that there were valid uses of a schema beyond validation.

      annotation meta: may need new tag: fear would be used for ... valid uses for it beyond ...

    2. without a schema, you do not have a spec, you have an aspiration.

      annotation meta: may need new tag: you don't have a _; you have a _

    3. When we do release a final version of JSON Schema, please do not use JSON Schema to guarantee an OpenAPI document is valid. It cannot do that. There are numerous constraints in the written specification that cannot be expressed in JSON Schema.
    1. JSONPath contains verbiage that allows for an empty array to be returned in the case that nothing was found, but the primary return in these cases is false.

      annotation meta: may need new tag:

      distinction between nothing, false, and empty array

      verbiage that allows for ...

    1. We do not want to change or remove additionalProperties. Providing a clear solution for the above use case will dramatically reduce or eliminate the misunderstandings around additionalProperties.

      annotation meta: may need new tag: - don't want to change or remove existing feature [because...] - solving problem B will reduce misunderstandings around feature A

    1. But do ESG ratings really deliver on the promise? Are highly-ranked ESG businesses really more caring of the environment, more selective of the societies in which they operate, and more focused on countries with good corporate governance? In short, is ESG really good? The answer is no.

      black box

      opaque score

  19. Aug 2022
  20. Jul 2022
  21. Apr 2022
    1. Augmenting knowledge about sources of frustration

      Starting a course with explicit acknowledgement of sources of frustration could be helpful. A workshop that enables students to identify and anticipate sources of frustration - plus find ways of mitigating them. Requires going meta immediately!