648 Matching Annotations
  1. May 2024
    1. economies of scope

      for - answer - size of a digital nation - definition - economy of scope

      answer - size of a digital nation - In contrast to nation states with the concept of economy of scale, - in Network states, we have the concept of economy of scope

      definition - economy of scope - for small group through strong alignment of interests and values, to foster close kinship - then expand to other similarly aligned groups with synergies between groups

  2. Apr 2024
    1. to the change from books to articles and papers, whichleads to a large amount of duplication, and the ne-cessity of wading through a great deal of what doesnot interest us directly.

      Since 1908 there's also been the move towards small digestible social media which increases the dial on repetition and duplication, but the sense of flow created by dopamine hits to be found in the attention economy make these difficult things to overcome.

    2. The neglect of the book is however not altogether advanta- 78geous.

      There is a range of reading lengths and levels of argumentation which can be found in these various ranges.

      Some will complain about the death of books or the rise of articles or the rise of social media and the attention economy. Where is balance to be found.

      Kaiser speaks to these issues in ¶75-79. One must wonder what Kaiser would have thought about the bite-sized nature of social media and it's distracting nature?

  3. Mar 2024
    1. Ongweso Jr., Edward. “The Miseducation of Kara Swisher: Soul-Searching with the Tech ‘Journalist.’” The Baffler, March 29, 2024. https://thebaffler.com/latest/the-miseducation-of-kara-swisher-ongweso.

      ᔥ[[Pete Brown]] in Exploding Comma

    2. Sam Harnett’s 2020 paper “Words Matter: How Tech Media Helped Write Gig Companies Into Existence” remains one of the best accounts of how swaths of the media enthusiastically generated on-demand propaganda for the tech industry, directly setting the stage for these firms to exploit, codify, and expand legal loopholes that largely exempted them from regulation as they raided their users for data and generated billions in revenue. Such intellectual acquiescence would, as Harnett writes, “pave the way for a handful of companies that represent a tiny fraction of the economy to have an outsized impact on law, mainstream corporate practices, and the way we think about work.”

      Harnett, Sam. “Words Matter: How Tech Media Helped Write Gig Companies into Existence.” SSRN Scholarly Paper. Rochester, NY, August 7, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3668606.

    1. And then themedia giants find new crises and the nation’s inherited disregard for classreboots, as the subject recedes into the background again.

      The pushing of the attention economy broadly prevents society from facing its most important problems. We're constantly distracted and are ultimately unable to focus on what is really important.

  4. Feb 2024
    1. Eine neue Studie der Universität für Bodenkultur beziffert erstmals, wieviel Kohlenstoff zwischen 1900 und 2015 langfristig oder kurzfristig in menschlichen Artefakten wie Gebäuden gespeichert wurde. Die Menge des dauerhaft gespeicherten Kohlenstoffs hat sich seit 1900 versechzehnfacht. Sie reicht aber bei weitem nicht aus, um die globale Erhitzung wirksam zu beeinflussen. Die Möglichkeiten, Boot in Gebäuden zu nutzen, um der Atmosphäre CO2 zu entziehen, werden bisher nicht genutzt. https://www.derstandard.at/story/3000000208522/co2-entnahme-durch-holzbau-ist-bisher-nicht-relevant-fuer-den-klimaschutz

      Studie: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/ad236b

    1. Eine Empfehlung des Zusammenschlusses nationaler Akademien der Wissenschaften und eine zusammenfassende Studie zum globalen Plastiksystem empfehlen die Reduktion des Verbrauchs um 50% und eine Reihe weiterer Schritte wie das fast vollständige Recycling von Plastik und die Produktion aus Biomaterialien. Anlass sind die Verhandlungen zum internationalen Plastikabkommen. Plastikproduktion und Verbrauch führen schon jetzt – abgesehen von zahlreichen anderen negativen Folgen – zu Emissionen von ca einer Gigatonne CO2 im Jahr. Ohne drastische Änderungen wird sich diese Menge vervielfachen. https://www.derstandard.de/story/3000000205422/wissenschaft-fordert-radikale-abkehr-von-herkoemmlicher-plastikproduktion

      Studie: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-023-06939-z.epdf?sharing_token=-UPbgMcUGHbtK4Uscd0XZdRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0MMo2Wo13ejTIFhNPD522LiogzEIVWxfHy01bK9MbFLdv59qFdQ73NDNguF2Bf0icTMUsLgWI2hE3OyG7VDGuf_3LODlHS0WEkABpLs5LAtVCiW0_JyVU7n_UL0EP7LiRS0q6s0fIpcIjaEfVFyDe4cez-4KdfAAphy-2weBUevmIZv9sURtFCEk7-LtaOTCmM%3D&tracking_referrer=www.derstandard.de

    1. Community activists will increasingly use hypermedia to replace corporate capitalism and big government with a hi-tech 'gift economy' in which information is freely exchanged between participants.

      I know the idea "gift economy" was around in the late 2000's and even more prevalent in the teens, but not sure where it originated. This is one of the earliest settings I've seen (within tech).

  5. Jan 2024
    1. The current silver economy stands at

      for - silver economy - stats - silver economy

      stats - silver economy - 2024 - 7 trillion yuan ($982 billion USD) - 6 % GDP - 2035 - 30 trillion yuan ($4.2 trillion USD) - 10% GDP

      question - silver economy - climate change impacts? transition impacts?

    1. in general countries tend to excavate enormous volumes of earth and this earth is incredibly considered as a waste material

      for - circular economy - building - excavation waste - circular economy - construction - excavation waste - key insight - repurpose excavation waste as building material

      key insight - She makes an pretty important observation about the inefficiency of current linear construction process - The excavation part requires enormous amounts of energy, and the earth that is excavated is treated as waste that must be disposed of AT A COST! - Instead, with a paradigm shift of earth as a valuable building resource, the excavation PRODUCES the building materials! - This is precisely what BC Material's circular economy business model is and it makes total sense!<br /> - With a simple paradigm and perspective shift, waste is suddenly transformed into a resource! - waste2resource - waste-to-resource

      new meme - Waste-2-Resource

    1. for - circular economy - kitchen - circular economy - furniture - circular kitchen - Stykka - modular furniture

      comment - sadly, it's not open source, but this is to be expected with most mainstream businesses. - the problem is in trying to protect one's IP and look after self-interest, it scales very slowly. - we need open-source, circular economy, open-source, circular furniture and open-source circular kitchen

      • for: elephants in the room - financial industry at the heart of the polycrisis, polycrisis - key role of finance industry, Marjorie Kelly, Capitalism crisis, Laura Flanders show, book - Wealth Supremacy - how the Extractive Economy and the Biased Rules of Captialism Drive Today's Crises

      • Summary

        • This talk really emphasizes the need for the Stop Reset Go / Deep Humanity Wealth to Wellth program
        • Interviewee Marjorie Kelly started Business Ethics magainze in 1987 to show the positive side of business After 30 years, she found that it was still tinkering at the edges. Why? - because it wasn't addressing the fundamental issue.
        • Why there hasn't been noticeable change in spite of all these progressive efforts is because we avoided questioning the fundamental assumption that maximizing returns to shareholders and gains to shareholder portfolios is good for people and planet.**** It turns out that it isn't. It's fundamentally bad for civilization and has played a major role in shaping today's polycrisis.
        • Why wealth supremacy is entangled with white supremacy
        • Financial assets are the subject
          • Equity and bonds use to be equal to GDP in the 1950s.
          • Now it's 5 times as much
        • Financial assets extracts too much from common people
        • Question: Families are swimming in debt. Who owns all this financial debt? ...The financial elites do.
      • meme

        • wealth supremacy and white supremacy are entangled
    1. Which is exactly what you do in the book. And what did you find? - So what I do, I take apart the operating system of capitalism, which is, and I look at seven myths, really that drive it.
      • for: book - wealth supremacy - 7 myths, 7 myths of Capitalism, capital bias, definition - capital bias


        • The Myth of Maximization
          • example of absurdity of maximization
            • Bill Gates had $10 billion. Then he invested it and got $300 billion. There's no limit to how much wealth an individual can accumulate. It is absurd.
        • Myth of the Income Statement
          • Gains to capital called profit is always to be increased and
          • Gains of labor is called an expense, is always to be decreased
        • Myth of Materiality (also called capital bias)
        • definition: capital bias
          • If something impacts capital, it matters
          • If something impacts society or ecology, it doesn't matter
        • With the capital bias, only accumulating more capital matters. NOTHING ELSE MATTERS. This is how most accountants and CFO's view the world.
      • quote: Laura Flanders

        • The capital is what matters. We're aiming for more capital and nothing else really matters. That's the operating system of the economy. So the real world is immaterial to this world of wealth as held in stocks and shares and financial instruments.
  6. Dec 2023
    1. The last country to abandon it was Switzerland, which severed ties between its currency and gold in 1999.

      Switzerland inequality kicked in ~1999 roughly when they abandoned the [[Golden Rule]], as hinted by Kevin Tartis in X. Switzerland inequality diagram from 1981-2009, kicking after ~1999

    1. Relative mobility in education around the world (1980s cohort)

      Nice map with mobility of the X generation, Canada, Australia, Mongolia, S.Africa, Yemen, Western EU and Greece are the best. Strange map...

    2. Chettyet al. (2014) estimate intergenerational mobility for the US down to highly disaggregated geographic areas (commuting zones) and find that it varies considerably. In some parts of the country, mobility (or equality of opportunity) is on a par with some of the most mobile countries in Europe, while in other parts, children struggle to escape poverty when born into it. They also find that areas with relatively high rates of mobility tend to be ones that are less residentially segregated (i.e. households from different socioeconomic backgrounds and different races reside in the same neighbourhoods) and have lower inequality, higher quality public school systems, stronger social networks, and stronger family structures. The empirical observation that more equal societies tend to be more mobile is also known as the Great Gatsby curve (Corak 2013).

      Intergenerational mobility is, expectedly, lower in the US where social net is low and segregation high.

    1. It's time for a redesign. Solar panels and wind turbine blades ending up in landfill are flaws in product and business model design.

      We need to talk about renewables - Part 2: Using a circular economy approach to redesign renewable energy infrastructure

    1. "There's so much pressure and emphasis on getting the Green Revolution happening that it's almost by any means necessary without that pause of 'well it is green, but is it as green as it should be?"

      We need to talk about renewables - Part 1: Why renewable energy infrastructure needs to be built using a circular economy approach

  7. Nov 2023
  8. Oct 2023
  9. Sep 2023
    1. better health, better security, better economy, secure job, better... Simply a more modern, attractive life.
      • for: Johan Rockstrom - wellbeing economy, wellbeing economy, green growth, degrowth, question, question - Johan Rockstrom - green growth or degrowth?
      • question
        • Does Johan Rockstrom advocate for a green economy or degrowth?
        • He would seem to be arguing for green growth as degrowth, if not done extremely carefully, can result in a drop in wellbeing.
        • How does he see this taking place when the elites perceive that they have the most (at least materially) to give up? Is there a contradiction here?
    1. In January 2018, Deutsche Bank produced an 81-page report, “US Income and Wealth Inequality”,

      Link to the PDF has moved.

  10. Aug 2023
    1. Italien ist einer der 5 strategischen Korridore der EU für die Versorgung mit Wasserstoff. Interview mit Stefano Venier, der die Gesellschaft Snam zur Überwachung von Gastransport und -Speicherung leitet. Venier bringt bekannte Argumente zur Verwendung von Gas als Übergangstechnologie. Er sieht für Italien besondere Möglichkeiten bei der Versorgung mit Wasserstoff aus nordafrikanischen Ländern und der Speicherung von durch CCS gewonnenen CO<sub>2</sub>.


    1. Sacred Economics traces the history of money from ancient gift economies to modern capitalism, revealing how the money system has contributed to alienation, competition, and scarcity, destroyed community, and necessitated endless growth.
  11. Jun 2023
  12. May 2023
    1. Atypical restraint on compensation increases has been evident for a few years now and appears to be mainly the consequence of greater worker insecurity. In 1991, at the bottom of the recession, a survey of workers at large firms by International Survey Research Corporation indicated that 25 percent feared being laid off. In 1996, despite the sharply lower unemployment rate and the tighter labor market, the same survey organization found that 46 percent were fearful of a job layoff.
    1. So when Alan Greenspan was testifying before Congress in 1997 on the marvels of the economy he was running, he said straight out that one of the bases for its economic success was imposing what he called “greater worker insecurity.” If workers are more insecure, that’s very “healthy” for the society, because if workers are insecure they won’t ask for wages, they won’t go on strike, they won’t call for benefits; they’ll serve the masters gladly and passively. And that’s optimal for corporations’ economic health. At the time, everyone regarded Greenspan’s comment as very reasonable, judging by the lack of reaction and the great acclaim he enjoyed. Well, transfer that to the universities: how do you ensure “greater worker insecurity”? Crucially, by not guaranteeing employment, by keeping people hanging on a limb than can be sawed off at any time, so that they’d better shut up, take tiny salaries, and do their work; and if they get the gift of being allowed to serve under miserable conditions for another year, they should welcome it and not ask for any more. That’s the way you keep societies efficient and healthy from the point of view of the corporations. And as universities move towards a corporate business model, precarity is exactly what is being imposed. And we’ll see more and more of it.

      Noam Chomsky on Alan Greenspan's ideas on 'worker insecurity'.

    1. At the 'Library of Things' in Sachsenhausen Library Centre, people can borrow objects they might otherwise need to buy
      • Comment
        • Question
          • How much material would be freed up if it was SHARED instead of hoarded by one person?
          • related questions
            • what kind of behavioral change is required to reach an impactful level of sharing?
            • in a sense, public-instead-of-private
              • transportation
              • etc
            • is the ultimate expression of private converted to public
  13. Apr 2023
    1. Benefits of sharing permanent notes .t3_12gadut._2FCtq-QzlfuN-SwVMUZMM3 { --postTitle-VisitedLinkColor: #9b9b9b; --postTitleLink-VisitedLinkColor: #9b9b9b; --postBodyLink-VisitedLinkColor: #989898; }

      reply to u/bestlunchtoday at https://www.reddit.com/r/Zettelkasten/comments/12gadut/benefits_of_sharing_permanent_notes/

      I love the diversity of ideas here! So many different ways to do it all and perspectives on the pros/cons. It's all incredibly idiosyncratic, just like our notes.

      I probably default to a far extreme of sharing the vast majority of my notes openly to the public (at least the ones taken digitally which account for probably 95%). You can find them here: https://hypothes.is/users/chrisaldrich.

      Not many people notice or care, but I do know that a small handful follow and occasionally reply to them or email me questions. One or two people actually subscribe to them via RSS, and at least one has said that they know more about me, what I'm reading, what I'm interested in, and who I am by reading these over time. (I also personally follow a handful of people and tags there myself.) Some have remarked at how they appreciate watching my notes over time and then seeing the longer writing pieces they were integrated into. Some novice note takers have mentioned how much they appreciate being able to watch such a process of note taking turned into composition as examples which they might follow. Some just like a particular niche topic and follow it as a tag (so if you were interested in zettelkasten perhaps?) Why should I hide my conversation with the authors I read, or with my own zettelkasten unless it really needed to be private? Couldn't/shouldn't it all be part of "The Great Conversation"? The tougher part may be having means of appropriately focusing on and sharing this conversation without some of the ills and attention economy practices which plague the social space presently.

      There are a few notes here on this post that talk about social media and how this plays a role in making them public or not. I suppose that if I were putting it all on a popular platform like Twitter or Instagram then the use of the notes would be or could be considered more performative. Since mine are on what I would call a very quiet pseudo-social network, but one specifically intended for note taking, they tend to be far less performative in nature and the majority of the focus is solely on what I want to make and use them for. I have the opportunity and ability to make some private and occasionally do so. Perhaps if the traffic and notice of them became more prominent I would change my habits, but generally it has been a net positive to have put my sensemaking out into the public, though I will admit that I have a lot of privilege to be able to do so.

      Of course for those who just want my longer form stuff, there's a website/blog for that, though personally I think all the fun ideas at the bleeding edge are in my notes.

      Since some (u/deafpolygon, u/Magnifico99, and u/thiefspy; cc: u/FastSascha, u/A_Dull_Significance) have mentioned social media, Instagram, and journalists, I'll share a relevant old note with an example, which is also simultaneously an example of the benefit of having public notes to be able to point at, which u/PantsMcFail2 also does here with one of Andy Matuschak's public notes:

      [Prominent] Journalist John Dickerson indicates that he uses Instagram as a commonplace: https://www.instagram.com/jfdlibrary/ here he keeps a collection of photo "cards" with quotes from famous people rather than photos. He also keeps collections there of photos of notes from scraps of paper as well as photos of annotations he makes in books.

      It's reasonably well known that Ronald Reagan shared some of his personal notes and collected quotations with his speechwriting staff while he was President. I would say that this and other similar examples of collaborative zettelkasten or collaborative note taking and their uses would blunt u/deafpolygon's argument that shared notes (online or otherwise) are either just (or only) a wiki. The forms are somewhat similar, but not all exactly the same. I suspect others could add to these examples.

      And of course if you've been following along with all of my links, you'll have found yourself reading not only these words here, but also reading some of a directed conversation with entry points into my own personal zettelkasten, which you can also query as you like. I hope it has helped to increase the depth and level of the conversation, should you choose to enter into it. It's an open enough one that folks can pick and choose their own path through it as their interests dictate.

    1. Link to: https://hypothes.is/a/lV19ytGBEe2ynWMu34UKUg

      This depreciation is done at the lowest level of exchange and caused the system to collapse rather quickly. What level is our current exchange done at such that the inequalities are pushed up multiple levels making the system seem more stable? How is instability introduced? How could it be minimized?

      Our current system is valued both by time and skill (using the measure of payment per hour).

      Compare this with salespeople who are paid on commission rather than on an hourly basis. They are then using their skill of sales ability and balancing time (and levels of chance) to create their outcomes, but at the same time, some of their work is built on the platform that sales management or the company provides. Who builds this and how do they get paid for it? Who provides sales leads? How is this calculated into the system costs?

      How do these ideas fit into the Bullshit Jobs thesis?

  14. Feb 2023
    1. beauty determines how we perceive the world because beauty binds looks
      • claim researched =
      • beauty determines how we perceive the world because beauty binds looks
      • this is relevant for understanding how to focus people's attention
    1. The biggest issue for me is that medium makes me feel like a cash cow. The way it wants me to pay every step of the way, the way it hijacks copy/paste to insert its own marketing. The account it wants me to create. The trackers it inserts everywhere. You missed the step of making something great that people actually feel good about paying for. The grassroots "for users by users" community feel that other platforms still manage to tap into. A site you'd be proud to be part of and happy to pay for. The problem with an X-views paywall is: you annoy me so much that even if there's good content behind it I'm long gone before I ever find out because you've already pushed me away. It just has this "all about the money" feel that I deeply hate.Also, not every author is out to make money. My personal blog is not monetized at all. It's more my way of outreach for my day job in tech. And I'd never want to put my readers through this experience. Free content should be exempt.The other points like the quality of content dropping because you recommend the wrong stuff, yeah they dropped the value proposition even more. But they weren't the real problem.

      The real problems with Medium

  15. Dec 2022
    1. "There's so much pressure and emphasis on getting the Green Revolution happening that it's almost by any means necessary without that pause of 'well it is green, but is it as green as it should be?"

      Circular Economy for the Energy Transition

    1. first thing's first is we reorder the vital industrial hubs. 00:38:13 Now yes, those industrial hubs will actually have to have decision makers what considers a vital hub. What's a vital activity? Then we need the people to actually operate those in industrial services. So you'll have a population inserted. Around that population, we have our food production and it all has to be local. So you have now a series of localized, decentralized networks that are actually, you'll have a 00:38:39 hub where everything balances, but in a local area.

      !- alignment : Michaux's vision of industrial transformation and many others working in the commons - relocalization, dense local circular economies, community owned for democratization of production - in addition, commons theory of cosmolocal production networks all these relocalized dense production hubs together for information sharing efficacy

    2. there's an order to do things in. And so the first order of business was to reshuffle and reorder our industry sites around energy hubs. Where is their energy coming from? 00:35:16 And if we can't project it over such a long period of time, over a long distance anymore, how do we reorder our industry where each industrial site will be attached to other sites, where they function almost like an industrial version of an organic farm. The outputs of one industry unit and its waste plume inputs to another industrial unit, and 00:35:44 they're all attached to the same energy system.

      !- overview : restructuring industry around an energy constrained future - redesign for circular colocated factory networks - output waste streams of one plant feeds input feedstock of nearby plants - relocalize to minimze unnecessary transportation

  16. Nov 2022
    1. Το ανακαλυψα από τον Alexander Clapp about για τους πλούσιους ελληνες εφοπλιστές που διασκεδαζαν στο θωρηκτό Αφερωφ ενω οι πολιτες πεινούσαν.

    1. To avoid the worst case scenario, we need to embrace the circular economy of "repair, redesign, reuse" to reach net zero.


  17. Oct 2022
    1. Forbidden Fruits: The Political Economy of Science, Religion, and GrowthRoland Bénabou, Davide Ticchi, and Andrea VindigniNBER Working Paper No. 21105
    1. @55:10

      Sri: [...] you can think about the possibility that we're actually going to do this with structured data but then properly incentivizing people in order to actually moderate and curate the set of facts about the world—

      Will: Yeah, so I was gonna mention that, and I'm glad we're on the same wavelength here. What are the economic incentives that would help encourage the adding of correct, factual data to this knowledge graph and dissuade, I guess, spammers? [...]

      Sri: Yeah, I think that there needs to be some compelling reason for people to want to add data to the knowledge graph. [...] I think that, "Can we get a knowledge graph that is expansive—as expansive as Wikipedia—that, you know, says all kinds of facts about the entire world?" Yeah, maybe[...]

      Will: There are parts of the Web where people do that without financial incentives. I mean people list like every episode of, I dunno, Game of Thrones and annotate every time that people get killed or [...] all sorts of stuff. Fandom is like [a] huge thing and they just put out these... or like the—if you ever played Minecraft and looked at the Minecraft wiki, it's just so (chuckles) so detailed. Like, "Who spends all their time...?" [...]

      Sri: The idea of fandom actually is very relevant here, because [...] I have so far been thinking about the idea that the incentives have to be backed by some type of economic value—

      Will: Yeah, for a certain class of things [...] There are some things that are very well-tuned to economic incentives and the other stuff is well-tuned to fandom, right?

  18. Sep 2022
    1. One of the first consequences of the so-called attention economy is the loss of high-quality information.

      In the attention economy, social media is the equivalent of fast food. Just like going out for fine dining or even healthier gourmet cooking at home, we need to make the time and effort to consume higher quality information sources. Books, journal articles, and longer forms of content with more editorial and review which take time and effort to produce are better choices.

  19. Aug 2022
    1. The socioeconomic disruption associated with COVID-19 represents a highly unusual alteration of the human interaction with the Earth System. This alteration is likely to generate a series of responses, illuminating the processes connecting energy, emissions, air quality and climate, as well as globalization, food security, poverty and biodiversity

      La perturbación socioeconómica asociada a COVID-19 representa una alteración muy inusual de la interacción humana con el Sistema Tierra. Es probable que esta alteración genere una serie de respuestas que iluminen los procesos que conectan la energía, las emisiones, la calidad del aire y el clima, así como la globalización, la seguridad alimentaria, la pobreza y la biodiversidad.

  20. Jul 2022
    1. Hayek worried they would never let go

      Once the government has control of the economy, will they ever let go?

  21. Jun 2022
    1. 18. The success of the referendum orga nized by Uber and Lyft to preserve their ex-tremely precarious model in California in 2020 illustrates the limits of an idyllic visionof direct democracy, as well as the need to reconceive a salarial status that makes it pos-sible to reconcile protection and autonomy.
    2. The develop-ment of digital platforms and gig workers paid by the task now con-stitutes as much a redoubtable threat to salarial status as to our liber-ties, and we will be able to fight it only if the public authority regainscontrol of the sector and implements new laws.11
    1. Sewage sludge is commonly used on agricultural land as a sustainable and renewable source of fertiliser throughout European countries, in part due to EU directives that promote the diverting of sewage sludge away from landfill and incineration and towards energy production and agriculture.

      This EU directive led to the spread of the unintended consequence.

    2. the team estimate that microplastics removed from raw sewage at wastewater treatment plants go on to make up roughly 1% of the weight of sewage sludge, which is commonly used as a fertiliser on farms across Europe.

      This case illustrates the potential unintended consequences from attempting to do good.

      This is a classic example of how progress traps occur.

      Capturing nutrients in waste water closes a nutrient waste loop and seems a good example of applying circular economy thinking.

      HOWEVER, at the time the decision was made to process sewage sludge into fertilizer ignored the relationship of sludge to microplastics was unknown or insufficiently explored. After the decision was made, the practice was adopted across many countries in the EU. After years of practice, the new knowledge reveals that there has been years of silent microplastic contamination. To fix the solution will require another solution, perhaps even more complex..

      This illustrates the danger of applying circular economy techniques when the waste stream is not fully characterized.

    1. What can we do with a shift in thinking backed by a total of $3.6 trillion in funds under management? I’m backing strategic circular initiatives to convert the highest return on value for anyone’s money. Stay tuned as we crack open new investment opportunities.

      Her diagram explicitly shows a synthesis of planetary boundaries and circular economy. This is a connection that many in this area are tacitly aware of but is good to explicate it in a diagram of this sort..

      If circular economy is about ultimate reuse and recirculating material flows to eliminate the concept of waste, then how does energy consumption fit into the picture? Obviously, CO2 emissions is a form of material waste that is an undesirable byproduct of carbon-based energy usage. Capturing CO2 and reusing it is one method, but not a very scalable solution presently.

  22. May 2022
    1. have no or very low energy and transportation bills.

      This can be structurally accomplished by reimagining community to have a local center of gravity. Redistribution of economic activity to where we live will dramatically reduce the need for high energy transportation.

      Another scalable strategy is to shift from cars to velomobiles for short distance trips. In a car culture, even short trips require high energy transportation vehicles. Instead, replace these short trips with either public transport, walkable neighborhoods or velomobiles with very low weight and high mileage electric or other non polluting propulsion systems.

    2. For four years, an accelerated and intensive global effort will be made to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and restore ecological stability. It will be “fast and furious” because it will involve startup action as well as implementation. It is focused on the remaining “low-hanging fruit” for fastest global reductions

      The Tipping Point Festival can introduce the Bend-the-Curve (BtC) gamification to engage as many cities, towns, rural communities and bioregions as possible. A 3 year research program to dis-aggregate planetary boundaries can allocate a fairshare of local biophysical targets each city, town, rural community and bioregion must aim to achieve if we as a civilization are to meet the 1.5 deg C target, as well as other Anthropocene and planetary boundary targets.

      Doughnut economic framework can be adopted immediately and educated across all communities to plant seeds of local change actor chapters who can start their own local doughnut economies and begin reshaping their local economy into circular bio WEconomies.

      When the dis-aggregated planetary boundary metrics are available, then each community can adopt and aim to bend their local curve, in order that we altogether bend the global curves back to a safe operating space.

      it may be questionable whether we are able to develop highly accurate targets, but even if we are close enough, the greater value is to allow citizens to have a tangible and compelling and measurable reason to work together, organize and mitigate our human impacts in a systematic way. In this way, we can expose the hyperthreat by breaking it down into digestable, identifiable pieces that are cognitively more accessible and can lodge into the salience landscape of the individuals of a community.

    1. Smith recognizes the role of bargaining by the workers as an important determinant of real wages (Aspromourgos, 2010, p. 1173; Stirati, 1994, p. 51; WN, p. 85). Thus, there is a central role for history and institutions to determine real wages (see Aspromourgos, 2009, pp. 248–249). Smith is also open to the possibility of workers’ wages rising significantly above customary subsistence such that it enables them to engage in “conveniences” consumption—especially when the economy is growing. This rise in wages, for Smith, occurs through strengthening of workers’ bargaining power (Aspromourgos, 2010, p. 1179). Smith believes that competition generates innovation which causes productivity growth and subsequently perhaps higher real wages (Aspromourgos, 2009, p. 208).

      Adam smith on the effect of competition of wagers & capitalists as beneficial for the increase of wealth.

  23. geraldmweinberg.com geraldmweinberg.com
    1. Welcome to the Gerald M. Weinberg Fan Site!

      Do we have to wait for people to die before these kinds of digital fanclubs can materialize for people who aren't in entertainment?

    1. This is a good case study for what I talk about when I mean the fancub economy.

      Wouldn't it be better if gklitt were a willing participant to this aggregation and republishing of his thoughts, even if that only meant that there were a place set up in the same namespace as his homepage that would allow volunteers ("fans") to attach notes that you wouldn't otherwise be aware of if you made the mistake of thinking that his homepage were his digital home, instead of the place he's actually chosen to live—on Twitter?

  24. Apr 2022
    1. Department of State. (2021, April 6). .@SecBlinken: Stopping COVID-19 is the Biden-Harris Administration’s number one priority. Otherwise, the coronavirus will keep circulating in our communities, threatening people’s lives and livelihoods, holding our economy back. Https://t.co/uk20myyICI [Tweet]. @StateDept. https://twitter.com/StateDept/status/1379554511606280192

    1. Prof. Devi Sridhar. (2021, April 8). Biden-Harris Administration gets that it is COVID-19 itself hurting the economy (the virus circulating, not just the restrictions). Stopping COVID-19 is best way to get people’s lives & livelihoods back. [Tweet]. @devisridhar. https://twitter.com/devisridhar/status/1380095008787857409

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 17). The Covid-19 pandemic has accelerated the erosion of trust around the world: Significant drop in trust in the two largest economies: The U.S. (40%) and Chinese (30%) governments are deeply distrusted by respondents from the 26 other markets surveyed. 1/2 https://t.co/C86chd3bb4 [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1362021569476894726

    1. As a general rule, if your call is to dismantle institutions without a plan for what is supposed to take their place, you can safely assume the default setting is “the market will take care of it.”
  25. Mar 2022
    1. However, Erdogan said Turkey and Russia were also negotiating a way to use the Ruble and Turkish Lira for tourism as Putin promised the Turkish leader he would encourage Russians to travel to Turkey.

      Mhtsotaki's unconditional pro-West stance has given Turkey all kinds of leverage and benefits, including economical ones.

    1. so if i have to summarize quickly as to what are the reasons that led to the 00:17:31 decline of silicon economy they are massive external debt then rapidly depleting foreign exchange reserves because of heavy imports then decline in tourism due to the pandemic after that high level corruption in the government 00:17:43 and banning of chemical fertilizers which hampered agricultural production

      5-point Summary of SriLankan Economic crisis 2022

    2. here is an interesting condition of the imf they also interfere in the government

      IMF interference in country's Govt. through lending loan

    3. 110 of 00:01:28 its gdp and the inflation rate is at 15 which is the highest inflation rate since 2008. pakistan and sri lanka are both currently in similar situation

      Sri Lanka GDP debt and inflation rate

    4. a differing payment basically means an agreement between the lender and borrower where the borrower requests the lender to give them loan and that loan will be repaid at a later date when situation would be comparatively better

      What is deferring payment ?

    5. sri lankan government has approached the international monetary fund for a bailout bailout basically means asking 00:00:37 financial assistance in order to save any business or in this case you can say save the country's economy from collapsing and you also need to ponder upon the fact that the sri lankan government is asking this kind of financial assistance on deferring loan

      IMF bailout for SriLanka

    1. That’s a time savings of several orders of magnitude, but what would it take to also relieve me (or whoever) of this burden? Probably not much more than the initial effort, if it was done in the right place.

      the need for an ombudsman or viable "fanclub economy"

  26. Feb 2022
    1. If you put a bunch of research into designing a really great product and it succeeds but gets effectively copied by low-cost clones, you’ll be sad. I am not sure how to defend this, and I think it is probably the weakest point of this business model;

      By getting to economies of scale faster than other people can?

    1. Even though results of these studies are currently under intensescrutiny and have to be taken with a grain of salt (Carter andMcCullough 2014; Engber and Cauterucci 2016; Job, Dweck andWalton 2010), it is safe to argue that a reliable and standardisedworking environment is less taxing on our attention, concentration

      and willpower, or, if you like, ego. It is well known that decision-making is one of the most tiring and wearying tasks...

      Having a standardized and reliable working environment or even workflow can be less taxing on our attention, our concentration, and our willpower leaving more energy for making decisions and thinking which can have a greater impact.

      Does the fact that the relative lack of any decision making about what to see or read next seen in doomscrolling underlie some of the easily formed habit of the attention economy? Not having to actively decide what to read next combined with the random rewards of interesting tidbits creating a sense of flow is sapping not our mental energy, but our time. How can we better design against this?

    1. If banks no longer receive deposits, how will they issue loans?

      It seems Anne O. Krueger is clueless about NMT economics, or credulous to the banker's myth that deposits feed loans.

    1. Other companies look five years ahead and make plans for the next year. They prefer to think like farmers: Look 20 years ahead, and plan only for the next day.

      What a nice metaphor of a sound way to do business.

    1. Κάθε κατάληψη πληρώνει ένα “κοινωνικό ενοίκιο” κάθε μέρα σε εργατοώρες που αν αμοίβονταν -ακόμα και με τον πιο υποτιμημένο βασικό μισθό- θα επέτρεπαν στα μέλη της να ζουν άνετα ως ιδιώτες. Αυτό το κοινωνικό ενοίκιο είναι μια σύνθεση του λόγου της, των δράσεων της, των διαδικασιών που ακολουθεί, των χρήσεων που απελευθερώνει, των πόρων που βρίσκει για να αντικαταστήσει το χρήμα, των κοινών τόπων που δημιουργεί.

      Οικονομική θεώρηση για τα positive externallities των καταλήψεων.

  27. Jan 2022
    1. India’s GDP growth rate will be 9.2% in FY22. In FY21 it was 7.3%.

      GDP2022 & GDP2021 Growth rate

    2. upcoming Union Budget for 2022-23 should maintain an accommodative fiscal stance in order to support the sustainability of the economic growth process and also for financing human development

      R? accommodative fiscal stance

    3. fiscal deficit as a percentage of GDP rose to 9.5% in 2021–22 (revised estimates)

      GDP2021 Fiscal Deficit

    4. RBI has not yet formally announced any “normalization” procedure, though absorption of excess liquidity was attempted by increasing the cut-off yield rate of variable rate reverse repo (VRRR) to 3.99%, and curtailing the government securities acquisition programme

      Variable Reverse Repo-rate

    5. inflation we are currently experiencing is transitory in nature due to supply chain disruptions and volatile energy and food prices

      Covid 2022 inflation reason

    1. Το δίκτυο αυτό το συντηρούσε έως τώρα η ΕΥΔΑΠ, αλλά πλέον θα κληθεί να πληρώσει για τη χρήση του, συν το γεγονός ότι πρόσφατα δέχθηκε να πληρώσει 157 εκατομμύρια ευρώ στο Δημόσιο για το αδιύλιστο νερό που πήρε μέσω αυτών των αγωγών κατά τα έτη 2013-2020.

      Ετσι ξεπουλούν τα ασημικά της χώρας: με αυυθαίρετους νόμους κ λογιστικές αλχημείες φεσώνουν τις Δημόσιες Επιχειρήσεις, καταστώντας τες προβληματικές, κ ύστερα αναζητούν ιδιώτη επενδυτή, φίλο τους και Άριστο, να τις αγοράσει σε τιμή ευκαιρίας.