1,213 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2024
    1. you can take a lot more than you are and have a lot more information

      for - adjacency - open source - Stop Reset Go complexity mapping - objective - Nora Bateson comment on more information - diversity - Indyweb/Indranet - progress trap mitigation

      adjacency - between - Nora Bateson comment - Stop Reset Go complexity mapping<br /> - open source - progress trap mitigation - Indyweb/Indranet

      • adjacency relationship
        • When Nora talks about the
          • oversimplified,
          • reductionist
        • problem-solving approach that most of modernity employs to tackle wicked problems,
        • it boils down to oversimplification.
        • There are usually far more causes and conditions to a problem than are known to construct the solution
        • In Deep Humanity praxis, this is how we get into progress traps, the shadow side of progress
        • The Stop Reset Go complexity mapping system is designed to reveal greater information by
          • creating a space for diverse perspectives to systematically engage in addressing the same wicked problem
        • This system must be open source in order to create the space for maximum diversity
        • The Stop Reset Go process is specifically designed as a workspace for diversity for the purpose of
          • mitigating progress traps and
          • helping find more effective ways to address wicked problems
        • This is done by using Trailmark Markin notation within the Indyweb/Indranet people-centered, interpersonal software ecosystem
    1. . On the one hand, thisincrease placed books in more people’s hands, effecting a democrati-zation of book ownership. On the other hand, the proliferation wassuch that the average person could not, without intense study, moni-tor the quality or quantity of new books published—estimated byone 1881 source at 25,000 annually. Even if incorrect, the estimateconveys a sense of despair felt about keeping up.20

      ref: Charles F. Richardson, The Choice of Books (New York: American Book Exchange, 1881), 6. The publication estimate came from a librarian, F. B. Perkins.

  2. May 2024
    1. 04:00 Maurits says that information is everything. It differentiates those who make it versus those who don't.

    1. ces gadients sociaux reflètent une pluralité de de facteurs mais je voudrais ici insister sur les barrières de nature informationnel parce qu'il s'agit d'un 00:11:47 facteur sur lequel il semble possible d'intervenir assez rapidement d'une part les parents issus des milieux populaires au moins souvent accès à des sources d'experts tels que des articles de des 00:11:59 journaux des livres euh des sites web des blogs sur les liens entre parentalité éducation et développement des enfants d'autre part ces informations circulent moins souvent 00:12:10 dans le cercles sociaux et sans surprise les chercheurs ont identifier des gadiiens sociaux importants dans la familiarité des parents de différents milieux sociaux euh avec un ensemble d'activités de pratiqu 00:12:24 qui peuvent euh euh stimuler le développement cognitif et socioémotionnel des enfants or si les familles socialement défavorisées ont une connaissance plus limitée des bienfaits de ces activités 00:12:37 des informations qui apportent des des interventions qui apportent des informations et des conseils pratiques aux parents pour à la fois favoriser ses activités stimuler les apprentissages informels et réduire les inégalités 00:12:49 sociales correspondantes
    1. What makes this simple strategyeffective is that students must do more than listen passivelyto the lecture. They must pay attention, comprehend theinformation being presented, and then take action withthat information – in this case, talk about a question with apartner. One study (Ruhl, Hughes & Schloss, 1987) showedthat using a series of think-pair-share activities approximatelyevery 15 minutes during a live on-campus lecture helped toimprove comprehension and retention of ne

      think-pair-share

    1. Résumé de la vidéo [00:00:00][^1^][1] - [00:26:04][^2^][2]:

      Cette vidéo est un webinaire gratuit qui traite des informations préoccupantes (IP) et des signalements concernant la protection des personnes vulnérables. Les intervenantes, Karine TEP et Elsa Bertanio, psychologues spécialisées, discutent des modalités d'adressage et des enjeux pour les professionnels face aux mineurs en danger.

      Points forts: + [00:00:00][^3^][3] Introduction au webinaire * Présentation du sujet et des intervenantes * Importance de la protection des personnes vulnérables + [00:03:00][^4^][4] Définitions et procédures * Distinction entre signalement et information préoccupante * Processus d'écriture et destinataires des signalements + [00:10:00][^5^][5] Maltraitance et signalement * Caractéristiques de la maltraitance familiale * Importance du signalement pour prévenir les violences + [00:15:00][^6^][6] Levée du secret professionnel * Obligations légales et déontologiques des psychologues * Conditions pour rompre le secret professionnel + [00:20:00][^7^][7] Cas spécifiques et soutien professionnel * Particularités de l'inceste et des adultes vulnérables * Ressources et soutien pour les professionnels en libéral Résumé de la vidéo [00:26:06][^1^][1] - [00:51:20][^2^][2]:

      Cette vidéo est un webinaire qui traite des informations préoccupantes (IP) et des signalements en France, en se concentrant sur les aspects légaux et les responsabilités des professionnels de santé, notamment les médecins et les psychologues. Elle aborde la délicate question du secret professionnel face à l'obligation de signaler les cas de violence, en particulier ceux impliquant des mineurs et des situations de violence conjugale.

      Points forts: + [00:26:06][^3^][3] Secret professionnel et obligation de signalement * Discussion sur la levée du secret professionnel pour signaler des violences * Jurisprudence établissant que les psychologues sont également soumis au secret professionnel + [00:27:29][^4^][4] Protection des mineurs et conséquences d'un signalement * Importance de la protection des mineurs et risques associés au signalement * Cas d'une psychologue assassinée après avoir signalé des abus + [00:30:00][^5^][5] Recommandations de la commission indépendante sur l'inceste * Nécessité de croire les victimes et de se positionner à leur côté pour une protection efficace * Critique de la culture professionnelle et judiciaire actuelle + [00:37:01][^6^][6] Procédures suite à un signalement * Différentes réponses possibles du parquet à un signalement * Importance de l'évaluation de l'urgence et du danger pour l'enfant + [00:39:02][^7^][7] Stratégies pour les professionnels face aux signalements * Conseils pour ne pas rester isolé et pour gérer les émotions liées au contre-transfert * Utilisation du 119 et autres ressources pour les professionnels en cabinet libéral + [00:43:01][^8^][8] Unité Coralis et prise en charge des victimes de viol * Présentation de l'unité Coralis à la Maison des Femmes de Saint-Denis * Procédure pour les victimes de viol pour obtenir des preuves sans réquisition de la police Résumé de la vidéo [00:51:21][^1^][1] - [01:05:23][^2^][2]:

      Cette partie du webinaire aborde les procédures relatives aux Informations Préoccupantes (IP) et aux signalements en France, en particulier dans le contexte de la protection de l'enfance. Les experts discutent des situations où il est nécessaire de protéger les mineurs, notamment en cas d'inceste ou de danger imminent, et de la manière de communiquer avec les autorités judiciaires pour assurer la sécurité des enfants.

      Points forts: + [00:51:21][^3^][3] Protection des mineurs * Importance de la protection immédiate en cas de danger * Communication avec la justice pour la sécurité des enfants * Signalement au procureur dans un langage adapté à l'âge de l'enfant + [00:52:40][^4^][4] Cas de pensées suicidaires * Évaluation des envies suicidaires et prise de décision éclairée * Différenciation entre les diverses causes de pensées suicidaires * Importance de la protection et de l'intervention en cas de risque vital + [00:56:17][^5^][5] Dilemmes institutionnels * Difficultés rencontrées par les professionnels face à des institutions réticentes * Droit et devoir de signaler indépendamment de l'avis institutionnel * Importance de la collaboration et du soutien entre professionnels

    1. Die rohölproduktion in den USA wird in diesem Jahr ein Rekord-Hoch erreichen Etwa 25% der US-Emissionen werden durch Öl und Gas verursacht, das auf Bundesterritorien gefördert wird. Die New York Times zeigt ausgehend von einem Beispiel im Golf von Mexiko, warum es angesichts der Mehrheitsverhältnisse in Repräsentantenhaus und Senat und des konservativen obersten Gerichtshofs für die für die Biden-Administration extrem schwierig ist, die Zusage, dort keine weiteren Bohrungen zuzulassen, umzusetzen.

      https://www.nytimes.com/2023/09/28/climate/biden-drilling-leases.html

    1. 07:30 At the root of cybernetics and Chris his research lies the question of communication. This combines his interests of mnemonics, orality, cybernetics, et al. (literacy, indigenous people)

      08:12 Even music and dance can be used to transmit information from one generation to the other.

  3. Apr 2024
    1. → au niveau de la classe / parents-donner également des précisions aux parents lors de la réunion de rentrée sur ce que recouvre cet enseignement pour des élèves de cycle 1, 2 ou 3 (de quoi va-t-on parler? avec quels supports? quelles seront les principales activités) pour lever les craintes possibles sur les termes «éducation à la sexualité» (on ne va pas apprendre à nos jeunes élèves à faire des bébés...), parler d’«éducation à la vie relationnelle» également; et préciser que cet enseignement est au programme
    1. [Narrator]: The Cluttered Desk, Index Card,file folders, the in-out basket, the calculator.These are the tools of the office professional's past.Since the dawn of the computer age, better machines have always meant bigger and more powerful.But the software could not accommodate the needs of office professionals who are responsiblefor the look, shape and feel of tomorrow.

      In 1983, at the dawn of the personal computer age, Apple Inc. in promotional film entitled "Lisa Soul Of A New Machine" touted their new computer, a 16-bit dual disk drive "personal office system", as something that would do away with "the cluttered desk, index cards, file folders, the in-out basket, [and] the calculator." (00:01)

      Some of these things moved to the realm of the computer including the messy desk(top) now giving people two messy desks, a real one and a virtual one. The database-like structure of the card index also moved over, but the subjective index and its search power were substituted for a lower level concordance search.


      30 years on, for most people, the value of the database idea behind the humble "index card" has long since disappeared and so it seems here as if it's "just" another piece of cluttery paper.


      Appreciate the rosy framing of the juxtaposition of "past" and "future" jumping over the idea of the here and now which includes the thing they're selling, the Lisa computer. They're selling the idealized and unclear future even though it's really just today.

    1. Discrimination

      in ¶90-96 he provides some advice about selection and discrimination of reading sources and materials for indexing as a means of cutting down on the information overload problem

      Some of his factors include: - relying on experience in a field/area to narrow down - limiting one's scope of activity - staying away from reference books (dictionaries, encyclopedias - discriminate in favor of the specific versus the general - don't admit duplicative literature (unless one is working syntopically—though he doesn't admit this caveat), and prefer the most authoritative sources - prefer authoritative authors, when given, but make space for new writers who may be more careful in their writing and argumentation - discriminate by style and composition and in particular stay away from pernicious advertising-related material (today he might advocate away from listicles, content farms, etc.)

    2. Experiencein dealing with quantities of literature and our special knowledgein our particular field should enable us to discriminate so thaton the one hand no information of value is allowed to slip byand on the other hand we are not burdening ourselves withuseless material.
    3. The quantity of literature has increased but the methods of 82•dealing with it or controlling it have not advanced proportion-

      The root problem of information overload.

    4. Quantity

      Everything he highlights here is still present over a century later and only amplified to the nth degree.

    5. The tendency is becoming more and moreThe Article pronounced to reduce the bulky volume toarticles published in periodical literature, sothat information formerly printed in book form is now cutup into slices and published at intervals. Collective bodies ofall kinds, increasing ad infinitum, almost always have theirorgans of publicity, again mostly periodicals. These and otherfacilities for publishing articles have brought to light innumer-able authors. Who does not read a paper or write an articlenowadays ? Whatever our opinion, we have to deal with thefact that this tendency exists and that it is largely instrumentalin swelling the bulk of indexable literature to almost unmanage-able proportions.

      A quote from 1908 about information overload, though not as heavy-handed as other examples, but still complaint-like in nature.

    6. Organisation may be called the science of the 27numbers simultaneous control of numbers. Organisa-tion whether small or large, is the directconsequence of numbers and the greater the numbers, the moreneed for organisation. Numbers compel us to organise, withoutsome organisation there can be no effective management, noeffective control

      This is the reasoning for why we'll want an indexed system. The vast wealth of information may be overwhelming, but with the ability to organize and control it (by writing it down and indexing it) we can turn it into something useful.

    7. One transaction at a time would generallynot lead either to much work or muchbusiness, and besides, a transaction cannot always be completedwhile you wait. The consequence is that we arrive at a num-ber of transactions going on simultaneously. When we nowreach the stage of too much work, then we must find waysand means to supplement our energy. Thus we arrive at amultitude of transactions by means of concerted action.

      While using different verbiage, Kaiser is talking about the idea of information overload here and providing the means to tame it by appropriately breaking it up into pieces upon which we might better apply our energies to turn it into something.

    8. by system we eliminate duplication, we concentratecontrol;

      Part of Luhmann's practice in looking up ideas to place in his zettelkasten first was a means of preventing duplication of ideas. If an idea is repeated, that can be noted on the extant card as evidence that others see the idea too or one can compare the potential subtle differences as a means of expanding the space.

      Eliminating duplication also assists in the ratchet effect of collecting information and connecting it.

    9. means of control.

      Note Kaiser's repeated use of "control" within the book as an ongoing theme. He, like many is looking to overcome information overload, but frames it within a system which provides readers and knowledge workers with control over it.

      He doesn't mention information overload as a phrase, but hints at it in earlier portions. (where? find an example)

  4. Mar 2024
    1. When processing an item in your in list the first question you need to ask is: is it actionable?—in other words, do you need to do something? If the answer is NO, you either throw it away if you no longer need it, keep it as reference material (“I will probably need this article again some day…”), add it to a some day/maybe list (for things like “learn Indonesian”), or incubate it. Wait, what‽ Sit on it? Yes, sort of. If it’s something that you want to remind yourself about later (“I really didn’t understand this article, I should have a look at it again in two weeks”) it should go into your calendar or your tickler file which will soon be explained. (Yes, even the weird name.)

      First, ask yourself if the item is actionable. Then, series of stuff you might do: throw away, reference, someday/maybe, incubate (calendar/tickler)

    1. Samuel Hartlib was well aware of this improvement. While extolling the clever invention of Harrison, Hartlib noted that combinations and links con-stituted the ‘argumentative part’ of the card index.60

      Hartlib Papers 30/4/47A, Ephemerides 1640, Part 2.

      In extolling the Ark of Studies created by Thomas Harrison, Samuel Hartlib indicated that the combinations of information and the potential links between them created the "argumentative part" of the system. In some sense this seems to be analogous to the the processing power of an information system if not specifically creating its consciousness.

    1. 1:35:00 The gap effect or spacing effect as time interleaved wherein information is processed. Embracing boredom and taking none stimulative breaks aids in this.

    1. there’s something really magical about the information density of visuals and graphics, which I would argue is based on the fact that humans are deeply embodied in visual creatures before we were linguistic textural creatures. And so it’s kind of pulling on a much richer, kind of higher bandwidth information channel for us.
  5. Feb 2024
    1. Résumé de la vidéo [00:00:03][^1^][1] - [00:23:44][^2^][2] : Ce webinaire présente le guide d'évaluation pour les enfants en danger ou risque de danger, élaboré par la Haute Autorité de Santé en France. Il explique l'importance d'une approche pluridisciplinaire et interactive dans l'évaluation, en mettant l'accent sur les besoins fondamentaux de l'enfant et la capacité des parents à y répondre.

      Points forts : + [00:00:03][^3^][3] Introduction du webinaire * Présentation des intervenants et du sujet + [00:01:31][^4^][4] Contexte de l'élaboration du guide * Réponse aux difficultés identifiées dans divers rapports + [00:02:09][^5^][5] Objectifs du guide * Améliorer la qualité des évaluations et harmoniser les pratiques + [00:03:02][^6^][6] Structure du guide * Trois livres avec un préambule et une boîte à outils + [00:04:23][^7^][7] Le Livre 3 : Guide d'accompagnement à l'évaluation * Destiné aux professionnels évaluant la situation d'un enfant + [00:18:12][^8^][8] Construction de la conclusion * Caractérisation de la situation et établissement des préconisations Résumé de la vidéo [00:23:47][^1^][1] - [00:50:32][^2^][2]:

      Cette partie de la vidéo aborde le guide d'évaluation pour les enfants en danger ou risque de danger, soulignant l'importance des formations, l'application des recommandations et la collaboration entre professionnels pour une évaluation efficace.

      Points clés: + [00:24:01][^3^][3] Formation et appropriation * Importance des formations continues * Appropriation des recommandations par les professionnels + [00:25:00][^4^][4] Guide d'évaluation et loi * Distinction entre recommandations et obligations légales * Les recommandations visent à accompagner les professionnels + [00:26:24][^5^][5] Santé et évaluation * La santé est centrale dans l'évaluation * Recommandation d'une approche binôme avec un professionnel de santé + [00:31:01][^6^][6] Antécédents et situation familiale * Évaluation globale incluant les antécédents familiaux * Importance des événements passés dans l'évaluation actuelle + [00:37:23][^7^][7] Compétences parentales * Définition et exemples de compétences parentales * Impact des compétences sur les besoins fondamentaux de l'enfant + [00:39:27][^8^][8] Organisation de l'évaluation * Gestion des situations avec parents résidant dans différents départements * Stratégies pour une évaluation coordonnée et efficace Résumé de la vidéo [00:50:35][^1^][1] - [00:58:51][^2^][2]: La vidéo aborde l'évaluation des enfants en danger ou à risque, en mettant l'accent sur la collaboration interdisciplinaire et l'importance de l'implication des acteurs territoriaux. Elle souligne également l'accessibilité du guide d'évaluation pour tous les professionnels et la nécessité de l'accord parental pour échanger avec l'enfant.

      Points forts: + [00:50:35][^3^][3] Évaluation des enfants * Importance de la collaboration * Implication des acteurs territoriaux + [00:53:18][^4^][4] Accessibilité du guide * Utile pour tous les professionnels * Accord parental nécessaire + [00:57:31][^5^][5] Suivi et retours d'expérience * Comité de suivi pour le cadre de référence * Retour d'expérience prévu dans 18 mois

    1. 09:00 Body and identity disappears — how I feel, what other people think — when in flow/ecstasy. We can't process more information when we are fully engaged with one task. "Existence is temporarily suspended"

    1. 08:00 New information gives dopamine. Distraction arises from too many information that is goal irrelevant.

  6. Jan 2024
    1. nos collègues ont quand même un moyen 00:37:26 supplémentaire qui est difficile à activer on en discute régulièrement qui est l'information préoccupante voir le signalement qui remonte à l'azo la protection sociale à l'enfance mais il faut savoir que et vous le verrez sur le 00:37:39 site de l'ASL c'est quand même très compliqué alors très compliqué disons c'est subtil à mettre en oeuvre et il faut être accompagné tu le rappeler là pour ça je pense que délégation départementale de la SL à contacter
    1. in hishistory of such ideas, Darwin Among the Machines, George Dysonwarns: “In the game of life and evolution there are three players at thetable: human beings, nature, and machines. I am firmly on the side ofnature. But nature, I suspect, is on the side of the machines.”
    1. ZenHub’s Issue dependencies not only help teams visualize relationships between pieces of work, but they save team members a lot of time that would otherwise be lost just hunting down information.
    2. When relying on just a list of GitHub issues and comment references to other Issues, there’s a strong possibility that visibility into how these changes impact other tasks get lost or forgotten.
    3. Tracking dependent relationships between Issues and whether something is blocking another piece of work is important with any project process because it creates a central hub where everyone can communicate what’s needed without relying solely on meetings or comments to uncover important connections.
    1. The good part is that voices that  might not have been heard can be   heard in the Internet environment.  The not-so-good thing is that some   voices that you don't want to hear are also  amplified, including truths and untruths. So we're being asked in some sense to  pay for the powerful tool that we have   available by using our brains to think  critically about the content that we see.

      Combating disinformation with literacy

      For better or for worse—whether the driver was an idealistic view of the world or the effect of an experimental network that got bigger than anyone could imagine—the internet is a permissive technology. The intelligence of the network is built into the edges...the center core routes packets of data without understanding the contents. I think Cerf is arguing here that the evaluation of content is something best done at the edge, too...in the minds of the internet participants.

  7. Dec 2023
    1. In the course of these experiments I have devoted a certain amount of anxious thought to the conspicuous ineffectiveness of modern knowledge.

      Does information overload prevent us from using knowledge more effectively? Are we distracted by the mundane?

    1. https://web.archive.org/web/20231228181017/https://www.historyofinformation.com/index.php large resource on the history of information, presented in timelines. Useful for finding earliest examples of certain artefacts (not methods though)

    1. without a World En-cyclopedia to hold men's minds togetherin something like a common interpreta-tion of reality there is no hope whateverof anything but an accidental and transi-tory alleviation to any of our world trou-bles. As mankind is so it will remainuntil it pulls its mind together. And if itdoes not pull its mind together then I donot see how it can help but decline.Never was a living species more peril-ously poised than ours at the presenttime. If it does not take thoughtto endits present mental indecisiveness catastro-phe lies ahead. Our species may yet endits strange eventful history as just the last,the cleverest, of the great apes. Thegreat ape that was clever-but not cleverenough. It could escape from mostthings but not from its own mental con-fusion.
    1. Shannon, Claude E., Norbert Wiener, Frances A. Yates, Gregory Bateson, Michel Foucault, Friedrich. A. Hayek, Walter Benjamin, et al. Information: A Reader. Edited by Eric Hayot, Lea Pao, and Anatoly Detwyler. New York: Columbia University Press, 2021. https://doi.org/10.7312/hayo18620.

      Annotation URL: urn:x-pdf:d987e346ec524f00d3c201c5055bf12e

      https://jonudell.info/h/facet/?user=chrisaldrich&max=100&exactTagSearch=true&expanded=true&url=urn%3Ax-pdf%3Ad987e346ec524f00d3c201c5055bf12e

      Noticing after starting to read that this chapter is an abridged excerpt of the original, so I'm switching to the original 1945 version.

      See: https://hypothes.is/a/dZRmapquEe66Ehf7Emie3Q

    2. Instead, he lauds the figure of themarket as a knowing entity, envisioning it as a kind of processor of socialinformation that, through the mechanism of price, continuously calcu-lates and communicates current economic conditions to individuals inthe market.

      Is it possible that in this paper we'll see the beginning of a shift from Adam Smith's "invisible hand" (of Divine Providence, or God) to a somewhat more scientifically based mechanism based on information theory?

      Could communication described here be similar to that of a fungal colony seeking out food across gradients? It's based in statistical mechanics of exploring a space, but looks like divine providence or even magic to those lacking the mechanism?

    1. Hayek, Friedrich A. “The Use of Knowledge in Society.” The American Economic Review 35, no. 4 (1945): 519–30.

      See also, notes at abbreviated version in Information: A Reader (2021). (@Shannon2021)

      https://jonudell.info/h/facet/?user=chrisaldrich&max=100&exactTagSearch=true&expanded=true&url=urn%3Ax-pdf%3Ad987e346ec524f00d3c201c5055bf12e

    1. The mind is an information processing and pattern recognition machine that we have a certain amount of control over based on our level of consciousness. The mind is a system – containing a complex set of systems – that accepts, rejects, and uses information to aid in the goals you feed it.

      The mind holds a set of goals. It either discards or integrates incoming information based on these goals.

      • see ZK on goals and projects as information filters
  8. Nov 2023
    1. Muchrecent scholarship on card indexes and factuality falls into one of two modes: first,scholars have excavated early modern indexes, catalogues, and the pursuit of ‘facts’to demonstrate information overload prior to the contemporary ‘information age’ as wellas the premodern attempts to counteract the firehose of books and other information(Blair, 2010; Krajewski, 2011; Mu ̈ ller-Wille and Scharf, 2009; Poovey, 1998;

      Zedelmaier, 1992). All the same, a range of figures have tracked and critiqued the trajectory of the ‘noble dream’ of historical and scientific ‘objectivity’ (Appleby, Hunt and Jacob, 1994: 241-70; Daston and Galison, 2007; Novick, 1988).

      Lustig categorizes scholarship on card indexes into two modes: understanding of information overload tools and the "trajectory of the 'noble dream' of historical and scientific 'objectivity'".

    1. What do change over time "are the particular rituals and customs and expectations and rules pertaining to trust in society," she adds. "As those norms are shifting, as they did quite massively in the 19th century, you have the perfect conditions for exploiting the gaps between new and old. That shift to modernity was often the very script of the con."

      Many confidence games rely on information imbalance in the gaps between old and new ways of doing things.

      This was certainly true in the 19 C. as well as with technology changes in the 20th and 21st C.

    1. One of the primary problems with note taking in most of the mid-twentieth century (and potentially well before, particularly as framed in most educational settings) was that students would take notes, potentially review them once or twice for a test, but then not have easy access to them for later review or reuse.

      People collected piles of notes without any ability to reuse or review them. Perhaps we should reframe the collector's fallacy as this: collection without reuse has dramatically decreasing returns. Certainly there may be some small initial benefit in writing it down as a means of sense making, but not reviewing it past a short period of two weeks or even several months and not being able to reuse it in the long term is a travesty, especially in a world of information overload.

      • for: MET, MST, MCT, FET, MET - information, MST - information, Amanda N. Robin, major evolutionary transition, major system transition, facilitating evolutionary transition

      • Title:Major Evolutionary Transitions and the Roles of Facilitation and Information in Ecosystem Transformations

      • Author: Robin et al.
      • Date: 2021

      • Abstract

        • A small number of extraordinary “Major Evolutionary Transitions” (METs) have attracted attention among biologists.
        • They comprise novel forms of
          • individuality and
          • information,
        • and are defined in relation to organismal complexity, irrespective of broader ecosystem-level effects.

        • This divorce between

          • evolutionary and
          • ecological consequences
        • qualifies unicellular eukaryotes, for example, as a MET although they alone failed to significantly alter ecosystems.

        • Additionally, this definition excludes revolutionary innovations not fitting into either MET type

          • (e.g., photosynthesis).
        • We recombine
          • evolution with
          • ecology
        • to explore how and why entire ecosystems were
          • newly created or
          • radically altered
        • as Major System Transitions (MSTs).

        • In doing so, we highlight important morphological adaptations that spread through populations because of

          • their immediate, direct-fitness advantages for individuals.
        • These are Major Competitive Transitions, or MCTs.

        • We argue that often
          • multiple
            • METs and
            • MCTs
        • must be present to produce MSTs.

        • For example, sexually-reproducing, multicellular eukaryotes (METs) with

          • anisogamy and
          • exoskeletons (MCTs)
        • significantly altered ecosystems during the Cambrian.

        • Therefore, we introduce the concepts of Facilitating Evolutionary Transitions (FETs) and Catalysts as

          • key events or agents that are insufficient themselves to set a MST into motion,
          • but are essential parts of synergies that do.
        • We further elucidate the role of information in MSTs as transitions across five levels:

          • (I) Encoded (Genetic);
          • (II) Epigenomic;
          • (III) Learned;
          • (IV) Inscribed; and
          • (V) Dark Information.
        • The latter is ‘authored’ by abiotic entities rather than biological organisms.

        • Level

          • IV has arguably allowed humans to produce a MST, and
          • V perhaps makes us a FET for a future transition that melds
            • biotic and
            • abiotic life
          • into one entity.
        • Understanding the interactive processes involved in past major transitions will illuminate both
          • current events and
          • the surprising possibilities that abiotically-created information may produce.

      Indyweb / Indranet citations - Michael Levin, Roy Baumeister, Adam Omary youtube conversation - specifically, the question about whether a social superorganism of global human civilization / society / culture constitutes a new Major Evolutionary Transition of Individuality - https://hyp.is/rQgvZn2hEe6-TF8HFSS9mg/docdrop.org/video/UfoVTA0ilsY/

    1. 13:00 the right flow of information is sweetspot between overwhelm and being bored (too little information)

      16:00 balancing consumption and creation is sweetspot

  9. Oct 2023
    1. What interests us far more is that these apprentice writers have interesting ideas to convey, and manage to support their arguments well.

      only partial match: the most important thing is the information (more than presentation/formatting)

    1. 07:00 structuring the mind with information (away from entropy), via setting a vision, which you break down further into goals, projects, tasks

    1. 04:30 education business as scam (bec information is not tangible)

      • information and knowledge, historically speaking, is fundamental to society and culture
    1. après ou trop il y a eu un grand reflux 00:44:25 et une grande suspicion qui a été jeté on va dire sur sur la parole des mineurs et à ce moment là j'ai constaté qu'après 2000 aussi les personnes changeantes vous voyez au sein des 00:44:38 ministères les ministres changeants il n'a pas toujours été possible facile de durer et puis ce qui a pu aussi contribuer à la fermeture de d'autres centres dans 00:44:51 d'autres départements c'est la loi du 5 mars 2007 sur la protection de l'enfance qui a mis en place des Crips des cellules de recueil des informations préoccupantes
    1. there are two broad classes of adaptations that qualify as gains in “organismal complexity” and constitute METs.
      • for: definition, definition - fusions, definition - information leap, organismal complexity, fusions, information leap, traditional METs

      • paraphrase

        • there are two classes of adaptations that qualify as gains in organismal complexity and constitute traditional METs:
          • definition start: fusion
            • a process whereby independently reproducing entities are incentivized into combining into higher, integrated levels of obligate reproductive cooperation, due to factors such as:
              • selective advantages of division of labor and mutual dependence.
              • maximization of inclusive fitness
              • ability to punish cheaters
          • definition end
          • definition start: information leap
            • novel forms of information storage or transmittal across individuals, ranging from
              • genes
              • symbolic writing
          • definition end
    1. Bill Atkinson had an idea about the freedom to associate knowledge not by what comes next on the list but by the links that are associated with it. This means that information can be organized in a non-linear fashion, allowing for connections to be made between seemingly unrelated ideas. By expanding on this idea, we can create new and innovative ways of storing and accessing information, potentially leading to breakthroughs in fields such as artificial intelligence and data analysis.

  10. Sep 2023
    1. Travailler dans un espritde partenariatL’information des familles est un élément trèsfavorable à l’apaisement du climat scolaire
    1. These establishments broke down social barriers and allowed for socialization and information exchange.[10]

      as place of information exchange (breaking down social barriers)

      • also see point on coffee as aiding protestant work ethic (combining information exchange, and mentally stimulating effects of coffee)
    1. Shalini Misra, Patrick Roberts, Matthew Rhodes. (2020). Information overload, stress, and emergency managerial thinking. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction Volume 51, December 2020, 101762 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101762

    2. Above and beyond the effects of age, education, experience, and time spent on emergency managerial work, higher levels of perceived information overload from digital sources were significantly associated with higher levels of perceived stress
    1. However, what matters is the quality of information, not just the quantity. When we add information that does not change the dominance relations between products, choice quality is not degraded.
    1. Recent work has revealed several new and significant aspects of the dynamics of theory change. First, statistical information, information about the probabilistic contingencies between events, plays a particularly important role in theory-formation both in science and in childhood. In the last fifteen years we’ve discovered the power of early statistical learning.

      The data of the past is congruent with the current psychological trends that face the education system of today. Developmentalists have charted how children construct and revise intuitive theories. In turn, a variety of theories have developed because of the greater use of statistical information that supports probabilistic contingencies that help to better inform us of causal models and their distinctive cognitive functions. These studies investigate the physical, psychological, and social domains. In the case of intuitive psychology, or "theory of mind," developmentalism has traced a progression from an early understanding of emotion and action to an understanding of intentions and simple aspects of perception, to an understanding of knowledge vs. ignorance, and finally to a representational and then an interpretive theory of mind.

      The mechanisms by which life evolved—from chemical beginnings to cognizing human beings—are central to understanding the psychological basis of learning. We are the product of an evolutionary process and it is the mechanisms inherent in this process that offer the most probable explanations to how we think and learn.

      Bada, & Olusegun, S. (2015). Constructivism Learning Theory : A Paradigm for Teaching and Learning.

    1. Since speed-reading has become a national fad, this new edition of How to Read a Book deals with the prob­lem and proposes variable-speed-reading as the solution, the aim being to read better, always better, but sometimes slower, sometimes faster.

      Framing of his book as a remedy to the speed reading fad in the 1970s...

      What did those books at the time indicate that their purpose was? Were they aimed at helping people consume more (hopefully with greater comprehension?) while there was a continuing glut of information overload building up in society?

      Which is better, more deep understanding of less or more surface understanding of more? How does combinatorial creativity effect the choice?

  11. Aug 2023
    1. Some may not realize it yet, but the shift in technology represented by ChatGPT is just another small evolution in the chain of predictive text with the realms of information theory and corpus linguistics.

      Claude Shannon's work along with Warren Weaver's introduction in The Mathematical Theory of Communication (1948), shows some of the predictive structure of written communication. This is potentially better underlined for the non-mathematician in John R. Pierce's book An Introduction to Information Theory: Symbols, Signals and Noise (1961) in which discusses how one can do a basic analysis of written English to discover that "e" is the most prolific letter or to predict which letters are more likely to come after other letters. The mathematical structures have interesting consequences like the fact that crossword puzzles are only possible because of the repetitive nature of the English language or that one can use the editor's notation "TK" (usually meaning facts or date To Come) in writing their papers to make it easy to find missing information prior to publication because the statistical existence of the letter combination T followed by K is exceptionally rare and the only appearances of it in long documents are almost assuredly areas which need to be double checked for data or accuracy.

      Cell phone manufacturers took advantage of the lower levels of this mathematical predictability to create T9 predictive text in early mobile phone technology. This functionality is still used in current cell phones to help speed up our texting abilities. The difference between then and now is that almost everyone takes the predictive magic for granted.

      As anyone with "fat fingers" can attest, your phone doesn't always type out exactly what you mean which can result in autocorrect mistakes (see: DYAC (Damn You AutoCorrect)) of varying levels of frustration or hilarity. This means that when texting, one needs to carefully double check their work before sending their text or social media posts or risk sending their messages to Grand Master Flash instead of Grandma.

      The evolution in technology effected by larger amounts of storage, faster processing speeds, and more text to study means that we've gone beyond the level of predicting a single word or two ahead of what you intend to text, but now we're predicting whole sentences and even paragraphs which make sense within a context. ChatGPT means that one can generate whole sections of text which will likely make some sense.

      Sadly, as we know from our T9 experience, this massive jump in predictability doesn't mean that ChatGPT or other predictive artificial intelligence tools are "magically" correct! In fact, quite often they're wrong or will predict nonsense, a phenomenon known as AI hallucination. Just as with T9, we need to take even more time and effort to not only spell check the outputs from the machine, but now we may need to check for the appropriateness of style as well as factual substance!

      The bigger near-term problem is one of human understanding and human communication. While the machine may appear to magically communicate (often on our behalf if we're publishing it's words under our names), is it relaying actual meaning? Is the other person reading these words understanding what was meant to have been communicated? Do the words create knowledge? Insight?

      We need to recall that Claude Shannon specifically carved semantics and meaning out of the picture in the second paragraph of his seminal paper:

      Frequently the messages have meaning; that is they refer to or are correlated according to some system with certain physical or conceptual entities. These semantic aspects of communication are irrelevant to the engineering problem.

      So far ChatGPT seems to be accomplishing magic by solving a small part of an engineering problem by being able to explore the adjacent possible. It is far from solving the human semantic problem much less the un-adjacent possibilities (potentially representing wisdom or insight), and we need to take care to be aware of that portion of the unsolved problem. Generative AIs are also just choosing weighted probabilities and spitting out something which is prone to seem possible, but they're not optimizing for which of many potential probabilities is the "best" or the "correct" one. For that, we still need our humanity and faculties for decision making.


      Shannon, Claude E. A Mathematical Theory of Communication. Bell System Technical Journal, 1948.

      Shannon, Claude E., and Warren Weaver. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. University of Illinois Press, 1949.

      Pierce, John Robinson. An Introduction to Information Theory: Symbols, Signals and Noise. Second, Revised. Dover Books on Mathematics. 1961. Reprint, Mineola, N.Y: Dover Publications, Inc., 1980. https://www.amazon.com/Introduction-Information-Theory-Symbols-Mathematics/dp/0486240614.

      Shannon, Claude Elwood. “The Bandwagon.” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 2, no. 1 (March 1956): 3. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIT.1956.1056774.


      We may also need to explore The Bandwagon, an early effect which Shannon noticed and commented upon. Everyone seems to be piling on the AI bandwagon right now...

    1. Overall, because the average rate of getting correct answers from ChatGPT and other generative AI technologies is too low, the posting of answers created by ChatGPT and other generative AI technologies is substantially harmful to the site and to users who are asking questions and looking for correct answers.
    2. The primary problem is that while the answers which ChatGPT and other generative AI technologies produce have a high rate of being incorrect, they typically look like the answers might be good and the answers are very easy to produce.
    1. Nieuws kwam tot ons via een combinatie van kranten, bladen en radio of tv. Papieren media hadden het te doen met beperkte fysieke ruimte omdat papier geld kost, ook iets weegt en meer papier is ook nog duurder te vervoeren. Bij radio- en tv-zenders was het niet anders door beperkte tijd, een beperkt aantal kanalen en zeer hoge kosten. Dus een redactie maakte een beperkte selectie voor ons: een filter.Ook informatie-uitwisseling onderling ging per post en ook dat was bewerkelijk en bepaald niet gratis. Iets dergelijks gold eigenlijk voor alle vormen van informatie die tot ons kwam.En sinds een tijdje worden die filters minder belangrijk of ze verdwijnen compleet. Het zelf massaal verspreiden van (nep-)nieuws en andere informatie kost niets meer, dus iedereen kan iedereen onbeperkt bekogelen met extreme hoeveelheden informatie.In veel gevallen is er geen enkel filter meer op die toestroom van informatie. En al is dat filter er wel, dan moet je dat zelf maar zien in te stellen. Of, nog erger, het filter is er, maar functioneert niet in jouw belang en is daarmee onbetrouwbaar

      info filters niet meer ingebouwd in het systeem; dat moeten we nu zelf zien te creëeren, of deze worden anders voor ons gemaakt (zie bijvoorbeeld algoritmes, enzo)

    1. "in his youth he was full of vim and vigor"

      Do calcified words eventually cease to have any definition over time? That is they have a stand alone definition, then a definition within their calcified phrase, then they cease to have any stand alone definition at all though they continue existence only in those calcified phrases.

    1. That's a fine plan you've outlined, covering all the key bases - prioritizing important tasks, breaking them into doable steps, budgeting your time wisely, and minimizing distractions. But you know what I think you're missing? A touch of pizzazz! Of showmanship! You need to approach each day like it's opening night on the big stage. The curtain rises, the lights come on, and it's time for you to perform.

      So tomorrow when you wake up, I want you to greet the day with enthusiasm. Belt out a tune as you get ready. Approach your task list with gusto and determination. Give every activity your all, as if the audience is on their feet cheering. Stay focused like a true professional, taking breaks only when needed. And when the day comes to a close, bask in the glow of a show well done.

      You have such potential, my friend, such skills and passion waiting to be unlocked. With discipline and delight, you can achieve anything. This is your time in the spotlight - now go out there and steal the scene! The world is your stage, so perform like the star you are. I'll be cheering you on from the front row. Knock 'em dead tomorrow, kid. You got this!

      Thank you for the inspiring words, Charlie! I'll do my best to approach each day with enthusiasm and discipline.

      Acknowledge: On July 31th, I will put these productivity (how to deal with information overlord) tips into action:

      1. For work tasks I can control, I'll choose what interests me and builds my strengths.

      2. My daily priority list will have 3-5 important tasks max. Otherwise, I may be under-investing in my interests or have too much free time. When setting priorities, I'll answer:

      3. Why it matters
      4. How to break it into steps
      5. What info I need to decide

      6. I'll estimate time needed for each task. The top priority sets the time cap. Others get less time. If tasks exceed my work hours, I'll revise or streamline.

      7. For research tasks, I'll define the topic and timeline upfront. I'll gather only the info I need, not get distracted.

      8. I'll group related tasks and schedule time blocks without interruptions.

      Let's ask my future self tomorrow and see what will happen!

      31/7 reported: 23 achieved, 4 ongoing, 5 postponed becauses of my low productivity. 1 should be considered beforehand in a monthly plan

  12. Jul 2023
    1. Scholars have experienced information overload for more than a century [Vickery, 1999] and the problem is just getting worse. Online access provides much better knowledge discovery and aggregation tools, but these tools struggle with the fragmentation of research communication caused by the rapid proliferation of increasingly specialized and overlapping journals, some with decreasing quality of reviewing [Schultz, 2011].
    1. When Hermann Hesse referredto the present as "the Age of the Digest," he did not intendto say anything complimentary.
    2. Great books alone will not do the trick; for the peoplemust have the information on which to base a judgment aswell as the ability to make one.
    1. https://erinflotodesigns.com/collections/metal-stencils/products/bullet-journal-monthly-circle-tracker-stencil-habit-tracker-stencil-unique-design-stencil-cleaning-tracker-stencil

      Erin Floto has a metal stencil for a chronodex circular design for use in bullet journals. It's a form of circular calendar with the inner circle containing space for daily, bi-weekly, weekly, monthly and longer time horizons with succeeding rings of the circle containing space for data related to the inner categories. Some of the exterior rings also include numbered squares representing days of the month or week on which a task should be done or for which a habit on an interior part of the circle might be tracked.

      The chronodex, a portmanteau of chrono (time) and index, idea is fairly simple, but can be quite complex. For actual use, one may need to be able to spin the visualization around to read and understand it.

      Other stencils with habit trackers, etc: https://erinflotodesigns.com/collections/metal-stencils

  13. Jun 2023
    1. information ecology research mainly focuses on information ecosystems, information ecology in e-commerce, and information ecology in a network.
    2. information ecology is an emerging field with vigorous development in recent years, and information ecology research is a multi-disciplinary subject.
    1. goal perspective, information ecologies have been designed to increase engagement with collaborative tasks (Price & Pontual-Falcão, 2011), enhance whole classroom learning (Rick, 2009), boost creative problem solving (Hilliges et al., 2007), support product design conversations (Bardill, Griffiths, Jones, & Fields, 2010), and coordinate complex collaborative working (Huang, Mynatt, & Trimble, 2006).

      Two different perspectives on information ecology: user and goal

    2. Information ecology was defined by Nardi and O’Day (1999) to be “a system of people, practices, values, and technologies in a particular local environment” (p. 49).
    3. the design and integration of new technologies in learning activities cannot be studied independently of the classroom environment, less attention has been paid in learning environments

      Designing new learning technology is not always the best solution without paying attention to its learning environment.

    4. indicate that distributed cognition considers a collaborative activity taking place across individuals, artefacts and internal or external representations, as one cognitive system.
    5. How the information ecology allows the design group to coordinate their actions? How awareness is distributed within the group when working with multiple technologies? How each one of the technologies in the ecology supports coordination and collaboration of learning activities?
    6. an “information ecology” is a local environment enriched with multiple heterogeneous technologies, such as personal computers, handheld devices, interactive screens, which are interlinked as a unified system.
    7. cognition cannot be tamed within the boundaries of an individual, but researchers should expand the unit of analysis to include the surrounding environment.
    1. Roth asks ‘how might our own reading of early modern sources change if we had access to the oral spheres within which they were embedded and which framed their reception?’

      The level of orality in societies can radically change our perceptions of their histories, though quite often this material is missing in our evaluations.

  14. May 2023
    1. https://analogoffice.net/2023/05/03/too-much-information.html

      Your title made me think it was about a different, but related book...

      I too bought Hess' book at Kimberly's recommendation, but I'm still plowing through the end of Ann M. Blair's Too Much to Know: Managing Scholarly Information before the Modern Age. Yale University Press, 2010. https://yalebooks.yale.edu/book/9780300165395/too-much-know. You might find it interesting, but hopefully not overwhelming.

      syndication link

    1. Entropy is not a property of the string you got, but of the strings you could have obtained instead. In other words, it qualifies the process by which the string was generated.
    1. https://www.napkin.one/

      Yet another collection app that belies the work of taking, making, and connecting notes.

      Looks pretty and makes a promise, but how does it actually deliver? How much work and curation is involved? What are the outputs at the other end?

  15. Apr 2023
    1. The Medici effect is a concept that describes the way in which innovation arises from the intersection of different disciplines and ideas. The term was coined by author Frans Johansson in his book “The Medici Effect: What Elephants and Epidemics Can Teach Us About Innovation”. The Medici family of Renaissance-era Florence is used as an example of the way in which the intersection of different disciplines, such as art, science, and finance, led to a period of great innovation and cultural advancement. Similarly, Johansson argues that innovation today is more likely to occur when people from different backgrounds and disciplines come together to share ideas and collaborate. The Medici effect highlights the importance of diversity, curiosity, and creativity in driving innovation and problem-solving.

      Frans Johansson's "Medici effect" which describes innovation arriving from an admixture of diversity of people and their ideas sounds like a human-based mode of combinatorial creativity similar to that seen in the commonplace book/zettelkasten traditions. Instead of the communication occurring between a person and their notes or written work, the communication occurs between people.

      How is the information between these people crystalized? Some may be written, some may be in prototypes and final physical products, while some may simply be stored in the people themselves for sharing and re-sharing over time.

    1. It is an obligatory condition for communication that both partners can surprise each other. Only in that way can information be created in the respective other. Information is an event that happens inside the system. Information is created when a message, an entry [of a note], is compared with other possibilities. Therefore, information is only created in systems that possess a comparison schema (even when this schema is merely: “this or something else”).
    1. due to the critical role of information in phase-transitions, the primary pathway to global systemic transformation will depend on our ability to process information on our current predicament coherently in order to translate this into adaptive action.

      Key observation - due to the critical role of information in phase-transitions, - the primary pathway to global systemic transformation - will depend on our ability to process information on our current predicament coherently - in order to translate this into adaptive action.

  16. Mar 2023