190 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2023
  2. charlotteperriand.etab.ac-lille.fr charlotteperriand.etab.ac-lille.fr
    1. Absence injustifiée et note « zéro »Une absence non justifiée ou à la justification non valable lors d’un devoir en classe, un travail nonrendu ou une copie « blanche» ou sans valeur du fait d’une tricherie avérée peut impliquer uneévaluation par la note « zéro ». C’est le CPE qui évalue la validité de la justification. Ce zéro neconstitue ni une sanction, ni une punition : l’élève peut donc être sanctionné ou puni par ailleurspour le même fait. Le ou les « zéro » ainsi obtenus peuvent être comptabilisés dans la moyennetrimestrielle.Les possibilités pour le professeur, après échange avec le CPE : Ne pas noter le devoir et indiquer ABS ou NN (si non rendu ou copie blanche) Intégrer un zéro dans la moyenne sans mention particulière Intégrer un zéro dans la moyenne, et préciser en appréciation sur le bulletin « moyenne nonsignificative », avec les notes obtenues
    1. A seguito della legge n. 119 del 31 luglio 2017, nata per rendere obbligatorie le vaccinazioni nei confronti di malattie a rischio epidemico e per raggiungere e mantenere la soglia di copertura vaccinale del 95%, come raccomandato dall'OMS, il Governo Gentiloni reintroduce l'obbligatorietà delle vaccinazioni per i minori fino ai 16 anni aggiungendo, alle quattro già obbligatorie (difterite, tetano, poliomielite ed epatite B), quelle per morbillo, parotite e rosolia, pertosse, Haemophilus tipo b e varicella. La stessa legge prevede inoltre quattro vaccinazioni fortemente raccomandate, ma non obbligatorie, ad offerta attiva e gratuita da parte di Regioni e Province autonome: l'anti-meningococcica B, l'anti-meningococcica C, l'anti-pneumococcica e l'anti-rotavirus. Le vaccinazioni obbligatorie, per i nati dal 2001, secondo il calendario di riferimento (di seguito riportato), sono gratuite.

      Chiedetevi il perché la maggioranza dei Paesi del mondo presenta percentuali di copertura molto basse rispetto a quelle dei Paesi in cui si vaccina di più.. Chiedetevi il perché della legge 119 del 31 Luglio 2017 (già allora i reticenti alle vaccinazioni erano in crescita) ed osservate questo grafico ufficiale OMS, relativo alla vaccinazione difterite-tetano-pertosse.. Grafico dei Paesi e relative coperture vaccinali per i vaccini DTP

  3. Oct 2023
  4. Jun 2023
  5. Feb 2023
  6. Jan 2023
    1. RECOMMANDATION N°9La Défenseure des droits recommandeaux services académiques de :• Favoriser la collaboration entre les élèvesen situation de handicap, leur famille, lesprofessionnels de l’école (AESH, enseignant,directeur d’établissement, ATSEM, etc.),en associant autant que nécessaire lesprofessionnels médicaux et médico-sociauxqui suivent l’enfant, pour évaluer les besoinsparticuliers de l’enfant, préparer lesadaptations à mettre en œuvre et mieuxdéfinir le rôle et la place de chacun auprèsde l’enfant
  7. Oct 2022
    1. Jason Lustig is a Harry Starr Fellow in Judaica at Harvard University’s Center for Jewish Studies, and the Gerald Westheimer Early Career Fellow at the Leo Baeck Institute. He completed his PhD at UCLA in 2017, where his dissertation examined 20th-century struggles over Jewish archives and the control of culture and memory in Germany, the USA and Israel/Palestine.
  8. Aug 2022
    1. Our First Nations people came together in 2017 to look for a path forward in shaping their place in Australian society. They issued the Uluru Statement from the Heart, an invitation to the Australian people to enshrine their Voice in our Constitution and to establish a Makarrata Commission for treaties between First Nations peoples and the Government of Australia, and the truth telling about our history.
    1. We might learn something new, if we understood both sides.

      Allosso is using "both sides" in a broadly journalistic fashion the way it had traditionally meant in the mid to late 21st century until Donald J. Trump's overtly racist comment on Aug. 15, 2017 "you also had people that were very fine people, on both sides." following the Charlottesville, VA protests.

      Perhaps it might be useful if people quit using the "both sides" as if there were only two perspectives on an issue (for or against), when in reality there is often a spectrum of thoughts and feelings, not all mutually exclusive, about issues?

    1. Ausführlicher Überblick zu den erwarteten Klimaveränderungen auf kroatischem Staatsgebiet bis 2040, mit einem Ausblick auf 2070. Berücksichtigt vor allem RCP4.5, aber auch RCP8.5. Macht (bei sehr oberflächlichem Durchsehen mit mangelnden Sprachkenntnissen) an manchen Stellen einen etwas verharmlosenden Eindruck.

  9. Jun 2022
  10. Apr 2022
  11. Mar 2022
    1. L’imitation et l’influence du jeu interactif sont bien mises en évidence dans une étude de Orit Hetzroni et Juman Tannous, de la Faculté des Sciences de l’éducation de l’Université de Haifa (Israël)

      ==>l’échantillon de l’étude est est extrêmement limité, l’étude n’est pas répliqué et elle ne permet pas de retirer de résultats concluants

  12. Jan 2022
    1. https://vimeo.com/232545219

      from: Eyeo Conference 2017


      Robin Sloan at Eyeo 2017 | Writing with the Machine | Language models built with recurrent neural networks are advancing the state of the art on what feels like a weekly basis; off-the-shelf code is capable of astonishing mimicry and composition. What happens, though, when we take those models off the command line and put them into an interactive writing environment? In this talk Robin presents demos of several tools, including one presented here for the first time. He discusses motivations and process, shares some technical tips, proposes a course for the future — and along the way, write at least one short story together with the audience: all of us, and the machine.


      Robin created a corpus using If Magazine and Galaxy Magazine from the Internet Archive and used it as a writing tool. He talks about using a few other models for generating text.

      Some of the idea here is reminiscent of the way John McPhee used the 1913 Webster Dictionary for finding words (or le mot juste) for his work, as tangentially suggested in Draft #4 in The New Yorker (2013-04-22)

      Cross reference: https://hypothes.is/a/t2a9_pTQEeuNSDf16lq3qw and https://hypothes.is/a/vUG82pTOEeu6Z99lBsrRrg from https://jsomers.net/blog/dictionary

      Croatian acapella singing: klapa https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sciwtWcfdH4

      Writing using the adjacent possible.

      Corpus building as an art [~37:00]

      Forgetting what one trained their model on and then seeing the unexpected come out of it. This is similar to Luhmann's use of the zettelkasten as a serendipitous writing partner.

      Open questions

      How might we use information theory to do this more easily?

      What does a person or machine's "hand" look like in the long term with these tools?

      Can we use corpus linguistics in reverse for this?

      What sources would you use to train your model?


      • Andrej Karpathy. 2015. "The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Recurrent Neural Networks"
      • Samuel R. Bowman, Luke Vilnis, Oriol Vinyals, et al. "Generating sentences from a continuous space." 2015. arXiv: 1511.06349
      • Stanislau Semeniuta, Aliaksei Severyn, and Erhardt Barth. 2017. "A Hybrid Convolutional Variational Autoencoder for Text generation." arXiv:1702.02390
      • Soroush Mehri, et al. 2017. "SampleRNN: An Unconditional End-to-End Neural Audio Generation Model." arXiv:1612.07837 applies neural networks to sound and sound production
  13. Dec 2021
  14. Oct 2021
  15. May 2021
    1. Previous analyses of station observations of snow were confined to regional analyses. Here, we present an Alpine-wide analysis of snow depth from six Alpine countries – Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, and Switzerland – including altogether more than 2000 stations of which more than 800 were used for the trend assessment. Using a principal component analysis and k-means clustering, we identified five main modes of variability and five regions which match the climatic forcing zones: north and high Alpine, north-east, north-west, south-east, and south and high Alpine.
  16. Apr 2021
  17. Mar 2021
  18. Nov 2020
  19. Oct 2020
    1. 10 Active Learning Methods for Super Engaged Corporate Learners

      This article reviews the concept of active learning and its need in today's workplace training. Ten strategies to promote active learning via technology are discussed (collaborative virtual classrooms, mind mapping, brainstorming, scavenger hunts, role play/simulation, problem-based learning, discussion boards, teach back, jigsaw technique, flipped classroom, game based learning). This is a good resource for active learning strategies. (5/10)

  20. Sep 2020
  21. Dec 2019
    1. It did not matter rather they were little or old it was all the same in my eyes they were all bloodthirsty terrorists and nothing would stop me from believing this ideology.

      ''Muslim men get stereotyped as terrorists, violent and criminal," says Nadal.

    1. It did not matter rather they were little or old it was all the same in my eyes they were all bloodthirsty terrorists and nothing would stop me from believing this ideology

      "Muslim men get stereotyped as terrorists, violent and criminal," says Nadal.


  22. Oct 2019
    1. I stopped talking to my neighbors and I would spit on the floor every time I would see them to express my way of showing that they were no longer welcomed in the United States.

      Muslims also face another form of discrimination—the assumption that they're not "real" Americans, says Nadal

  23. Aug 2019
  24. Feb 2019
    1. Artigo 4.–Vixencia, duración e prórroga. Ultraactividade.O presente convenio entrará en vigor o día 1 de Xaneiro do 2016, independentemente da súa publicación no Boletín Oficial da Provincia. Terá unha duración de tres anos, ata o día 31 de decembro do ano 2018. En calquera caso o Convenio manterá a súa vixencia 24 meses máis do que estableza a normativa legal vixente de aplicación.
    1. Artigo 12.–Servicios extraordinarios.O persoal alleo á empresa que realice servicios extraordinarios percibirá as seguintes retribucións durante o ano 2018 PENDENTE DE REVISIÓN CO IPC DE 2018.Persoal de cociña: * Xefe de Cociña: 100,60 euros por servicio. * Cociñeiro: 77,98.Persoal de comedor: * Xefe de comedor: 98,74 euros por servicio. * Camareiro: 77,98. * Axudante: 77,98.Cando o persoal extra realice a faena de montaxe, percibirá por iso a cantidade de 6,04 euros durante o ano 2018 PENDENTE DE REVISIÓN CO IPC DE 2018.O servicio corrente de restaurante ou limoada será retribuído con 2,44 euros de soldo inicial e tanto por cento corres-pondente garantido de 53,38 euros diarios durante o ano 2018 PENDENTE DE REVISIÓN CO IPC DE 2018.Os servicios de esta índole fóra da localidade producirán un aumento do 15% correspondente, e sendo a cargo da empresa os portes de desplazamento, manutención e aloxamento a que houbere lugar
    2. Axudante/a de camareiro1023,06
    3. Camareiro/a1053,761074,84
    5. Axudante/a de camareiro1140,501103,371076,781163,311125,431098,32
    6. Camareiro/a1165,181119,251090,951188,481141,641112,77
    7. Xefe/a de restaurante ou sala1209,481154,651106,831233,671177,751128,96
    8. Axudante de cociña1062,671053,761053,761083,931074,841074,84
    9. Cociñeiro/a1113,951063,231053,761136,231084,501074,84
    12. 1163,451186,72Conductor/a equipo cateringPreparador/a restauración modernaAxudante/a de camareiro
    13. 1207,701231,85Camareiro/a
    14. Xefe/a de restaurante ou sala1251,961277,00
    15. Axudante de cociña1077,711099,26
    16. Axudante de cociña1062,671039,661025,481016,631016,631083,931060,461045,991036,971036,97
    17. Cociñeiro/a1207,701231,85
    18. Xefe/a de cociña1340,411367,22
    19. CATERING
    20. Axudante/a de camareiro1062,671039,661025,481025,481025,481083,931060,461045,991045,991045,99
    21. Camareiro/a1140,501082,311052,071041,381039,661163,311103,961073,111062,211060,46
    22. Xefe/a de restaurante ou sala1224,981115,501076,781051,671051,671249,481137,811098,321072,711072,71
    24. Xefe/a de cociña1224,981115,761067,961039,661039,661249,481138,071089,321060,461060,46
    25. táboas salariais dos anos 2017 e 2018 (quedando as táboas salariais do ano 2018 pendentes de revisión do IPC)
    26. Cociñeiro/a1113,951064,391027,181023,101023,101136,231085,681047,721043,561043,56
  25. Jan 2019
    1. Teaching classes

      This article gives several good tips to teaching for the first time, but each teacher will need to find their own teaching persona, and through trial and error they will learn what works best for them.

    1. Our discussion made the classroom feel like it was not the professor’s class to run alone, but ours as well.

      What a great example of setting the tone on the first day of class!

    1. More forcefully than in any other single class, I realized the importance of universal design for learning (UDL). This curricular design features privilege multiple access points for learning, engagement, and assessment. As Dr. Jennifer Stone puts it, “designing on the front end” with UDL minimizes the need for individual learners to make a special request.

      The incorporation of UDL practices is important for all students.

  26. Jul 2018
  27. Jan 2018
  28. Dec 2017
    1. How does an insubstantial word like “apple” lead you to think of a real thing—an object of a certain size that is red, round, sweet, and has a shiny, thin-peeled skin? How could a plain acoustic sound produce such complex states of mind, involving all those qualities of color, substance, taste, and shape? Presumably, each different quality involves a different agency. But then—in view of all we’ve said about why different agents can’t communicate—how could such varying recipients all “understand” the selfsame messages? Do language-agents have unusual abilities to communicate with different kinds of agencies?

      What article doesn't bring up is the context of the environment that the person grew up in. If we were to describe the word apple to someone who has never seen or tasted it, they would not be able to visualize what it is with just the word. The mind would try to relate it to an object that you have already experience to fill in what an "apple" may be.

  29. Nov 2017
    1. Accordingly, the correct instrumental definition of technology still does not show us technology’s essence.

      Technology's essence is more than the ability of humans to control it, as thought with most previous technologies. While establishing definitions in the introduction, Heidegger finds it important to establish a distinction between what was instrumental to technology in the past and what we will find technology can become without definitions that limit technology to something outside of the basic, instrumental necessities.

    1. “To Canada

      Her husband is planning to be a runaway.

    2. I tell you, Eliza, that a sword will pierce through your soul for every good and pleasant thing your child is or has; it will make him worth too much for you to keep.”

      All the good things about the boy make him a valuable asset in the slave market.

    3. quadroon

      one quarter black

    4. reasonable

      Reasonable slavery....

    5. I understand, perfectly

      I don't think he understands at all actually.

    6. ommenced toning a psalm tune through his nose,

      The author has a way of telling instead of showing...

    7. Ah, master trusted me, and I couldn’t

      This is a trade, a very capable slave for some unpaid debts. This also shows us the character of Tom, he's either very noble, or completely brainwashed.

    8. shall induce us to transcribe.

      Breaking the fourth wall in the second paragraph

    9. to come under the species

      He's of a lower class, barely human, scraping towards some sort of societal status update

    1. To be safe, always pack all medications in your carry on—never in checked luggage. Airplanes don't have refrigerators. If you have a drug that must be kept cold, ask your pharmacist how to package it safely for travel.

      This is great information for travelers as they often have many questions about where to carry their medications and whether or not they need to be documented in the checked luggage.

  30. Oct 2017
    1. All our steps in creating or absorbing material of the record proceed through one of the senses—the tactile when we touch keys, the oral when we speak or listen, the visual when we read. Is it not possible that some day the path may be established more directly?

      Throughout reading this article I couldn't help but laugh at the dramatic irony of our experience as students in 2017 reading Bush's predictions for the future of mechanics and technology in 1991. He speaks with a bit of wonderment, obviously trying to shock the reader with ideas considered fantastical at the time and then undermining them as "not so fantastic;" the joke of course being that even his most fantastic ideas seem rudimentary to us. That is, until I reached this part of the article, where Bush's predictions seem to have closely aligned with those of our own in the modern era. In this quote he seems to suggest a total departure from the tactile, oral, visual, and so on. Whether explicitly or not, Bush is referencing transcendence of machine (mechanical or digital) which, when you think about it, is a "fantastic" notion even by our standards of technology in 2017.

    1. all-out battle between communistic atheism and Christianity.

      Here again we see McCarthy define the Soviet's as people with no system of morality, atheism. This also helped the United States position itself as the Christian country with Christian ideals. In his effort to define the Soviet Union McCarthy managed to define the United States as well.

    2. this religion of immoralism will more deeply wound and damage mankind than any conceivable economic or political system.

      This is a good example of defining the cold war by what you are not. The U.S. defined the Soviet's as a people who do not value anything, an amoral society. This helped define the United States define itself as a society with deeper convictions then just the state.

    1. Brianna:I had a negative experience where, in my master’s, my supervisor encouraged me to submit one of my papers to a journal for publication. I just submitted the paper to a journal as a course paper without making any changes, not even changing the title page. The journal told me to re-submit with revisions, but I thought thatit was a rejection, and I stopped the process—it was intimidating. I thought being involved in a journal where I know some of the people and they won’t just get an online e-mail response from editors would be helpful

      Misunderstanding revise and resubmit; misunderstanding the difference between a student paper and an article.

    2. Woodend, Jon, Maisha M. Syeda, Britney M. Paris, Gina Ko, Konstantinos Chondros, Brianna Hilman, and Teresa Fowler. 2017. “HOW CAN GRADUATE STUDENTS CONTRIBUTE? REFLECTIONS ON CREATING A JOURNAL FOR AND BY GRADUATE STUDENTS.” In Selected Proceedings of the IDEAS Conference 2017 Leading Educational Change, 75. https://prism.ucalgary.ca/bitstream/1880/52114/1/How%20can%20Graduate%20Students%20Contribute_%20Reflections%20on%20Creating%20a%20Journal%20for%20and%20by%20Graduate%20Students.pdf.

    1. I find myself wondering too whether he has a private ritual of purification, carried out behind closed doors, to enable him to return and break bread with other men. Does he wash his hands very carefully, perhaps, or change all his clothes; or has the Bureau created new men who can pass without disquiet between the unclean and the clean?

      The magistrate has all this disbelief for all of the inhumanity that Joll has been showing ever since he arrived, so he wants to believe that in order for Joll to walk this earth without remorse that he is somehow able to "clean" himself of all of the cruelty. By showing the inhumanity of Joll and the men that follow him, we are able to see the humanity in the magistrate. For him it is impossible not to feel empathy for the prisoners and even more so being that brutal; especially, not without having a ritual that would help him be a clean man.

    1. To testify to a history of oppression is necessary, but it is not sufficient unless that history is redirected into intellectual process and universalized to include all sufferers. Yet too often testimony to oppression becomes only a justification for further cruelty and inhumanity,

      Here, Said is telling us that in order for history of oppression to have a purpose, it needs to be used in such a way where all of the voices of all of the oppressed can be heard or else we only hear the voices that justify tyranny. I think this is true and still remains true today, because if we only get that one part of history that has some justification, nothing changes. This is why history repeats itself; we don't look at exactly all of the suffering that happens.

    2. He now intervened to defend imperialism, saying in tones of almost comic reverence, that it had accomplished things that natives couldn’t have done for themselves. It had taught them, among other things, he said, how to appreciate the cuneiform and hieroglyphics of their own traditions

      Imperialism is a huge part of the formation of some of the large empires that we study throughout history. While Said is saying that the man speaking is defending imperialism i think he is portraying a part of it that can be very destructive. The man talks about how these people who may or may not be a large empire have decided that the native peoples are in need of their help whether or not it has actually been asked for. also, how can you teach a people more about their own writings if they are in fact the ones that wrote it?

    3. It is important to note that much of the early cultural resistance to imperialism on which nationalism and independence movements were built was salutary and necessary.

      Cultural resistance to imperialism ultimately resulted to the idea of nationalism and independence in specific places that weren't being governed correctly or fairly. These specific places felt out of place or were feeling that they weren't even part of the world rather just a part of another bigger country or nation. They are reclaiming their identity by claiming their independence. They become their own nation/race/category, what ever it may be. This is where we see the idea that they were simply being part of an Empire, but they desired to become their own for their own identity's sake (culture/race) so they begin to advocate against imperialism. The fact that these places/categories/race were trying to separate themselves from powerful empires resulted in those empires' to crumble to ruins as they began losing power.

  31. Sep 2017
    1. Even if government may (and perhaps must) monitor and regulate the way that drugs or TMS devices affect our health and safety, there may be aspects of the way we use such cognitive enhancement tools that should be reserved by the Constitution (or perhaps through other means) solely for free and unrestricted individual choice.

      Except mind altering drugs often affect more than the individual themselves. Autonomy out to give way, in instances like these, to the greater public good/safety. Our choices always affect more than just ourselves.

    2. One could conceivably argue that just as these personal decisions about medical procedures are insulated from the state power, so, too, should be the decisions someone makes about whether to receive a particular kind of psychiatric or psychological treatment.

      Except states regularly infringe upon these rights and/or limit/remove the means of exercising such rights

    3. Thus, the Court has drawn on the Constitution—and specifically its “due process” requirements and the safeguards they raise against arbitrary restrictions on bodily freedom—to assure that government does not impose such treatment on prisoners or mental patients without powerful reasons.

      This is false. For instance, there are countless documented cases in which the state has forcibly sterilized prisoners or used unwilling sterilization as a means of obtaining early parole for segments of the population deemed lesser (i.e., women of color, poor people, etc.)

    4. It is up to me, not the state, what beliefs I adopt, what opinions I voice, or what religion I practice.

      Except not really. Social institutions like school, religion, saluting the flag, etc. socialize us into acceptable thought/behavior. We are free, to an extent, to rebel against these socializations, but rarely without backlash from friends, family, community, etc. See also: Red Scare

    5. Indeed, as noted earlier, one well-known thought-enhancement technology is written language itself and perhaps use of language more generally. As Levy writes, “speech does not merely allow us to articulate thoughts that we would have had in any case. Instead, it allows us to externalize our thoughts and thereby treat them as objects for contemplation and manipulation. Externalized thoughts can be worked over, criticized, and improved.”21:38-39

      This is an interesting concept, particularly with regards to writing, because many people, myself included, think as they write. I often times do not even really know what I think about a topic until I start writing about it. Essays, for example, are usually difficult to start, but I end up figuring out what my argument is by the end because the process of writing itself has allowed me to think through the subject in a way normal biological cognition would not normally allow me to.

    1. – Well, it’s masquerading as a sci-fi novel but it’s really, uh, my own personal manifesto about the plight of the individual in the 21st century. I sort of created a utopian society where we all sort of… Uh… Uh… It’s really… it’s really… Uh…

      In this statement, our narrator explains to us the premise of his novel. I picked this statement in particular because it represents the casually slippery slope of transhumanism. Here, he says that his novel was ultimately supposed to be its own science fiction alternative universe, when really he was hiding little pieces of his personal experience with the changing roles of humans and machines through a fictional world. He then says he wished to create a utopian society where they assumably functioned together harmoniously, while trailing off an unable to imagine or comprehend a vision of what the future holds for a transhuman relationships.

    1. Everyone knows the two statements that answer our question. One says: Technology is a means to an end. The other says: Technology is a human activity. The two definitions of technology belong together. For to posit ends and procure and utilize the means to them is a human activity.

      Heidegger attempts to define the foundation of his argument by creating an absolute. Rather than stating "One could define technology as..." or even "Many accredited scholars and scientists agree technology is...." our author goes for the jugular and declares "Everyone knows..." With this statement he hopes to not only construct the platform for his essay, but also make his concept irrefutable by cementing it in the court of public opinion. With these choice words, he may even subtly convince readers with undefined opinions to adopt this perspective. Because for many people, being told - even discreetly - that they are different and alone in their thoughts is enough to sway the silent majority in many cases.

    2. Everywhere we remain unfree and chained to technology, whether we passionately affirm or deny it. But we are delivered over to it in the worst possible way when we regard it as something neutral

      In today's society it is common to hear that we are chained to our smartphones, computers, and other personal electronics.The author is supporting this by saying that we are imprisoned by technology even if we like it or not. The author is also suggesting that if we resist technology our lives would be harder than it already is.

    1. The discussion remains mired at a relatively abstract level about the ethics of procedures like cloning or stem cell research, and divided into one camp that would like to permit everything and another camp that would like to ban wide areas of research and practice.

      Very little should be seen as this black or white. Almost everything lies in the grey in between. To have such a one sided perspective could be reason for lack of progress.

    1. Well, I don’t think there is any question about it. It can only be attributable to human error. This sort of thing has cropped up before  and it has always been due to human error.

      this was left on the cutting room floor, but Hal's behavior can actually be attributed to human error. In the novelized version written by co-screenplay author - the famous Arthur C. Clarke - it is stated that Hal is briefed on the mission, but told to lie about it and obfuscate the facts about the mission and it's details to the crew. It is implied that this is what ultimately makes Hal malfunction. This helped me to understand this movement in the context of the film far more easily, and it also highlights Heidegger's focus on mankind's responsibility to it's technology and those unintended consequences.

    2. Open the door, Hal. Rotate pod, please, Hal. Stop pod rotation, please, Hal. Rotate the pod, please, Hal. Rotate the pod, please, Hal.

      This movie took place in the future. However there are many parallels it has to present day. Hal, the artifical intellegence on the spaceship, reminds me of A.I personal assistance that we have today. For example, Amazon Echo, Google Home, and Siri. They all were created by humans, for the sole purpose of making life easier. These personal assistance devices can play music, turn off lights, and adjust the temperature in a house. Which is similar to Hal on a spaceship. With that it in mind it is terrifying to see how technology could turn against us and malfunction, like how the director portrayed Hal. Hal seemed perfect at first, but later on in the movie he began to malfunction. This portrays that humans can try to make technology perfect, but there is always human error which makes it vulnerable to malfunctions.

    3. – Two days ago, one of our rocket buses was denied permission for an emergency landing.

      I have never seen this movie, so the start of this scene is a bit confusing. Why are these people secluded from what seems like the rest of society? I also notice that there are no people of color aboard on this "rocket bus;" it seems like only the upper class are included so far.

    1. Good proposed a meta-golden rule, which might be paraphrased as “Treat your inferiors as you would be treated by your superiors.” Its a wonderful, paradoxical idea

      The author provides us here with some insightful guidance for navigating the pitfalls of technology in our near future. However, the dichotomy is that this poetic and magnanimous declaration is also implicitly self-serving. 'Let's be benevolent to our creations, so they don't rise up and incarcerate us.' This statement shows the complexity and discord of the human animal. I agree with Vinge that we should indeed adopt this philosophy in the future. I doubt that will happen though, as we don't do it now. As a rule, we don't treat 'lesser' species with any regard or 'humanity'. We don't even treat other humans with much compassion. The difference in living conditions and experiences from the richest of humans to the poorest would be inconceivable and rage inducing. We exploit the animals and our planet all to 'better' ourselves and get shiny new stuff. This duality comes from both our insecurity, and our hubris. Another quote sums this up succinctly. "In humans, the hardest development problems have already been solved." It would seem that even the authors think we've got it all figured out, even though they spend most of their piece warning of and impending techno-doom. But we haven't got anything figured out. Humanity is like a five-year-old with a gun. Do we really need a bigger gun?

    2. Large computer networks (and their associated users) may “wake up” as superhumanly intelligent entities.

      The author refers to both the computer network and its user when he refers to them "waking up." This may be a prediction of a soon to be symbiotic relation to us and technology. We are already using technology to mange our social life, our infrastructure, and even our health with pacemaker. We are already living in a world where we are inseparable from technology, but will we one day be completely be inseparable?

    3. Computers that are “awake”

      Saying that computers are "awake," creates a relationship between deception and consciousness. When computers are turned on, one may personify them to be "awake," but they are not actually conscious; they are deceptively "waking up." This mirrors how the author sees human beings and technology, as one in the same.

    4. Computers that are “awake” and superhumanly intelligent may be developed. (To date, there has been much controversy as to whether we can create human equivalence in a machine.

      The author speculated of technology that could think for itself, in other words Artificial Intelligence. Surprisingly, these things already exists. For example the computer developed by IBM, "Deep Blue". This computer was created for the sole purpose of thinking for itself and playing chess. This computer even beat a word champion in chess, Garry Kasparov. Although, this computer could only think about one thing this still support the fact that super humanly intelligent computers could be developed.

    1. Admittedly, most high-tech interventions in the body’s functioning aim merely at restoring ordinary human health, or else at least opposing its decline. But that might easily change as our methods grow in power. Already, many interventions do much more than this, or something rather different

      Not to sound ominous, but this could be considered the path to a slippery slope. Blackford asserts that these advancements have indeed started out with the best of intentions, the may however - like many technologies before them - leave humanity with unintended and dire consequences it their wake. For example, amazing breakthroughs like GPS embedded microchips can track your children's whereabouts in an emergency. Conversely, humans can now be tracked anywhere on the globe by anyone with the means.

    2. Transhumanists speak, too, of transcendence or transformations (but again, not of a “beyond” or a transcendent order).

      I think that this quotation makes clear the fact that transhumanism is similar to secular ideology in the sense that both are entities striving to achieve something greater than the natural human being. However, the difference in the two lies in the purpose of the wanted "transcendence". To be honest I didn't have a clear understanding of what the author is trying to say in this essay so don't regard this as correct; but rather as what I got from it.

    3. Pill is now, and much like “mere” tools such as cellphones or computers.

      This part of the text is a good example of how technology has become transparent because cellphones and other computers are used so regularly that the knowledge of how to use them, are second nature; however, social groups that are excluded from this idea are the lower class whom cannot afford such luxuries. Most of these examples seem to be geared towards the upper middle class.

    4. At some point, we may be able to make extensive modifications to human DNA, body tissues, or neurophysiological functioning, or to merge our bodies with sophisticated cybernetic devices.

      In this passage the author is allowing his intended audience, people who are curious in transhumanism, a glimpse into the future when technology merges with the human body. At this point one must question at what point does technology becomes a prosthesis? The author uses this imagery of technology merging with our body to form prosthesis, devices that function as a artificial body part, to suggest that technology at one point may be an extension of the human body. This extension of the human body supports his trans humanist ideas because it may allow a person to reach beyond their human potential.

    5. Female fertility is not an injury or disease, and the Pill is not (in its most common use) a treatment or a cure. Indeed, it suppresses a bodily function, but in a way that gives women greater power, helping them control when they can and cannot reproduce.

      I have to argue with this. Everyone seems to think that the only thing pill is capable of doing is preventing pregnancy. The pill can be used in other ways as well. Some women can have hormonal imbalances in their bodies and can have an abnormal menstrual cycle. With an abnormal menstrual cycle some women can have issues such as experiencing menstrual cycles for the whole month, or even skip months without getting their period. With an abnormal cycle it is very hard to regulate these cycles and know when they are supposed to start or end. The pill contains hormones which helps keep these cycles regulated. The pill can even reduce pain from PMS which is a plus because some cramps can be unbelievably painful. The pill can even help with acne and other such problems. These are just some of the benefits the pill is capable of doing. In the paragraph he says that the pill is not a treatment or a cure but that is just plain wrong. The pill is helping cure many women who experience hormonal problems.

  32. inst-fs-iad-prod.inscloudgate.net inst-fs-iad-prod.inscloudgate.net
    1. Being alive means being a learner. Being alive for humansbrings with it the inevitability of learning, as well as its ne-cessity. In effect, one cannot prevent learning from occurring(inevitable), nor can one hope to survive unless learning hap-pens (essential).

      On the one hand, since people cannot live in a vacuum, residing in the community means we can be unavoidably influenced by surroundings, so learning(small changes) occurs during each interaction and human activities. On the other hand, learning serves as an essential way of protection, with the intention of getting involved in the community and survive, people are required to learn social principles and how to behave. In the real world, I found children are more flexible and adaptive, so they always achieve better performance in language learning when compared with adults.

  33. Aug 2017
    1. I am quite done with that person; and I beg that you will spare me any allusion to one whom I regard as dead.”

      He is done with Dr. Jekyll similar to when he was done with Mr. Hyde and knows the two have become one inseparable force of evil as Mr. Hyde. Also hiding the secret of his true identity is literally killing him.

    1. The other snarled aloud into a savage laugh;

      The animalistic qualities of Hyde demonstrate his evil protruding.

    2. Dr. Jekyll’s “disappearance or unexplained absence for any period exceeding three calendar months,” the said Edward Hyde should step into the said Henry Jekyll’s shoes without further delay and free from any burthen or obligation,

      Dr. Jekyll expects his evil side to take over and does not expect to be able to recover.

  34. Jul 2017
  35. Jun 2017
    1. our ability to discover the multilayered history of a single word or phrase, literary anal-ysis has reached a new sphere.

      We've had this ability since the OED (late 19th century) at least. Is there something newer that I missed?

  36. May 2017
    1. “I and other so-called ‘deniers’ are members of the 97 percent consensus, which refers to the following: Yes, the earth’s climate has been warming overall for more than a century. Yes, humans emit CO2, and CO2 has an overall warming effect on the climate,” Curry said. Where the consensus ends, Curry added, is “whether the dominant cause of the recent warming is humans versus natural causes, how the 21st century climate will evolve, and whether warming is dangerous.”
  37. Apr 2017
    1. It does not impose itself on me; it is, rather, a definitive structuring of the self and of the world--definitive because it creates a real dialectic between my body and the world.

      This perception of differences was not forced onto people, wasn't created necessarily, or purposely. Rather, it was just there. Something that is just really an idea, or thought process had enough power to control how people saw themselves. Controlling such a personal matter.

    1. fact, Lincoln's proclamation did not free any slaves in Union territory, but rather promised freedom to those slaves in Confederate hands who could reach Union-controlled territory, or who could wait for the Union to reach them

      So manipulation of feelings and mindsets? Showing that they were doing something but nothing took action. This didn't really happen but they depicted as if it did.Thats what they wanted us to believe. As if their words had more than just face value, sadly these words were just words.

    1. heir youth shrunk into tasteless sycophancy, or into silent hatred of the pale world about them and mocking distrust of everything white;

      There are two sides to dealing with racial scrutiny, one, you can let this be empowering. A constant reminder of what your unchosen place is in the world becoming your source of motivation. Two, letting hate for those who didn't choose their place either, overcome you. And eventually holding on to hate is like tying.

  38. jordanbpeterson.com jordanbpeterson.com